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National Encampment 


Grand Army of the Republic 


September 6th and 7th, 1899 


Town Printing C"ompany, 

1020 Arch Street 




Previous to the Assembling in Business Session 


Thirty^third National Encampment 
Grand Army of the Republic 

At the Thirty- second National Encampment held in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, September, 1898, Philadelphia, Penna., was 
selected as the place of meeting for the Thirty-third National 
Encampment. The Executive Committee of the National 
Council of Administration fixed as the time, the week Sep- 
tember 4th to 9th inclusive. The business sessions of the 
Encampment to be held September 6th and 7th. The annual 
])arade of the Grand Army of the Republic in connection 
with the Encampment, to be on Tuesday, September 5th. 
The parade of the Naval Veterans on Monday, September 4th ; 
that of the ex- Prisoners of War on Wednesday, September 6th. 
[The Local Committee designated Friday, September 8th, as 
Naval Day. A Naval Review was held on tiic Delaware 
River. The Governor of Pennsylvania was the reviewing 
officer. The North Atlantic Squadron, United States Navy, 
uii'lcr command of Rear- Admiral William T. Sampson, and 
consisting of the following battle-ships: New York, Brook- 
Un. Indiana, Massachusetts, Texas and Detroit participated 
in the review.] 

The Annual Parade on September 5th was reviewed by 
the President of the United States, the (jovcrnor of Pennsyl- 
vania, and the Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. PLvery Department was represented in the 

4 Thirty-third National Encampment 

marching column, which occupied six hours in passing the 
reviewing stand. At the Camp Fire held in the Academy of 
Music on the evening of September 5th under the auspices of 
the Local Committee, it was arranged to have the usual 
Address of Welcome delivered, and responses made thereto, 
instead of as formerly at the opening of the business sessions 
of the Encampment. 

Past Department Commander John M. Vanderslice, of 
Pennsylvania, Chairman of Committee on Camp Fires, in 
stating the purpose of the meeting, reviewed at length and in 
eloquent terms the patriotic history of Pennsylvania. He spoke 
as follows : 

" The purpose of this meeting is to convey to the Grand Army 
of the Republic and its allied societies, through their proper repre- 
sentatives, the welcome of the Grand Army of the Republic of 
Philadelphia, that of the municipality of Philadelphia, and that of 
our grand old Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Each of these 
will be spoken for by those who will express to you and convey as 
earnestly as words can, the cordiality and earnestness of the greet- 
ing of a people whose highest boast is an ardent and unfaltering 

Assembled, as you are, in the city in which our National In- 
dependence was proclaimed and our Constitution formulated, you 
may be interested in the historical associations of which this city 
boasts, or in its beneficent institutions, its numerous hospitals and 
other charities, or in its magnificent and incomparable stores and 
in its stupendous industrial establishments ; but as soldiers you 
will be more interested in the fact that you are meeting in a city 
famous for its soldiers — a city which was the birth-place of McClel- 
lan, who shaped and moulded the Army of the Potomac ; of Meade, 
who led that army from Gettysburg to Appomattox in those cam- 
paigns in which it lost over a hundred thousand of its men ; that 
you are meeting in the birth-place of Humphreys, the valiant and 
accomplished soldier, who, in the estimation of foreign writers, was 
the ablest commander that either army had ; in the home -of the 
typical volunteer officers — Birney, of the old Third Corps, who rose 
from the command of a regiment to that of a corps ; of Gibbons, 

Grand Army of the Republic 5 

of the old Second. Corps, finally commander of the Twenty-fourth ; 
and of scores of other commanders ; — that in our adjoining county 
of Montgomery were born Hancock and Hartranft and Brooke and 
Zook ; in Bucks County, A. J. Smith, commander of the Sixteenth 
Corps of the Western army; in Chester County, Parke, com- 
mander of the Ninth Corps; in Lancaster County, Reynolds, 
Heintzelman and Franklin ; and in Berks County, the matchless 
caralry leader, who is here to-night, Gregg; of Admiral Porter, 
whose achievements added such lustre to our naval history. More 
than that, my comrades, you are interested in the fact that a city 
which then had but five hundred thousand of population, sent to 
the field thirty-four three years* regiments of infantry, eight regi- 
ments of cavalry and five batteries of artillery; and in addition 
to these, six regiments of one year's troops and ten regiments of 
emergency troops — having fifty-eight regiments in the field at one 
time. All the three year regiments, with two exceptions, fought 
in the Army of the Potomac — so you may judge of their service. 
And all of them, except two, whose terms of enlistment expired 
before the close of the war, re-enlisted in the field for three years 
more or the war — so you may judge of the material of which those 
regiments were composed. 

It is natural that in such ati atmosphere and with such environ- 
ments the Grand Army of the Republic should flourish from its 
organization ; but its success here and the reason that its camp- 
fires were kept burning brightly and its flag upheld in thirty-five 
Posts in our city, when interest in it elsewhere subsided, was due 
to the energetic work of some of those interested in the organ- 
ization. There is with us to-night one who was the first Depart- 
ment Commander of Pennsylvania and who is the senior surviving 
Commander-in-Chief. Stephenson and Hurlburt und Logan and 
Devens and Burnside and Hartranft and Robinson and Earn- 
shaw have gone over to join the immortal hosts in the bivouac 
in eternity. And if the efforts of our committee, that has been 
laboring for the last several months with a view of making your 
stay in this city pleasant and agreeable, should be attended with 
success, it will be due in a great measure to the consummate exec- 
uive ability, the varied experience, the tact, the good judgment 
and the indomitable energy of the Chairman of the Committee. 
It is the unanimous wish of the committee, over which he has pre- 

6 Thirty-third National Encampment 

sided for the last six months, that he should preside here to nighty 
and, as Chairman of the Committee having this meeting in charge, 
and speaking in behalf of the Grand Army of the City of Phila- 
delphia, I shall not introduce him to you, but I present, as the 
presiding officer of this meeting, Past Department Commander 
and Past Commander-in-Chief Louis Wagner.*' 

The Presiding Officer, Past Commander-in-Chief Louis 
Wagner, upon assuming the chair, called upon Rev. Henry 
Clay Trumbull (Post i, Pennsylvania), former Chaplain of 
Tenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers, to invoke the Divine 
Blessing, at the close of which the Presiding Officer spoke as 
follows : 

^^ Ladies and Gentlemen : 

The Grand Army of the Republic holds its Thirty-third An- 
nual National Encampment in our city during the current week. 
This grand gathering of the people of Philadelphia, limited only 
by the capacity of our largest building, and the magnificent prep- 
arations made in all parts of the city for its reception, evidences the 
fact that its coming is one of pleasure to all. 

You who have the good fortune to be qualified for membership 
in the Grand Army, and you who are associated with the several 
societies having community of interests with it, are familiar with 
the cause of, and the reason for, its existence ; but for the infor- 
mation of those not so happily situated, and for the refutation of 
those who even at this late day wilfully misrepresent us, a brief 
statement of these points by me as Chairman of this meeting, and 
as Senior Past Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, will not be out of place. 

Article II, of our Rules and Regulations, reads : — 

' The objects to be accomplished by this organization are as 
follows : 

'I. To preserve and strengthen those kind and fraternal 
feelings which bind together the soldiers, sailors and marines who 
united to suppress the late Rebellion, and to perpetuate the memory 
and history of the dead. 

Grand Army of the Republic 7 

'2. To assist such former comrades in arms as need help and 
protection, and to extend needful aid to the widows and orphans 
of those who have fallen. 

' 3. To maintain true allegiance to the United States ot 
America, based upon a paramount respect for, and fidelity to, its 
Constitutions and Laws : to discountenance whatever tends to 
weaken loyalty, incites to insurrection, treason or rebellion, or in 
any manner impairs the efficiency and permanency of our free in- 
stitutions ; and to encourage the spread of universal liberty, equal 
rights, and justice to all men.' 

You perceive from this extract from our Constitutions who and 
what we are, what the aims of our Order, and the means for their 

We, like the Apostle to the Gentiles, can answer those who 
claim equal patriotism with us because, by descent or by naturaliza- 
tion, they have achieved citizenship, that we did not purchase our 
claims with a great sum, but that we were born free. 

Conceived by love for country, born amidst the throes of 
battle, and baptized by fire, we are members of a family into which 
there can be neither purchase nor adoption. 

As birthmarks we point to our scars, and we claim descent, 
by patriotic succession, from the noble sires who pledged their 
lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor for the establishment 
of the principles proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence. 

We are proud of our individual share in the glorious outcome 
of the war which made the Grand Army possible ; proud of our 
connection with it ; proud of the memory of the more than 
350,000 comrades who, during 1861-65, on the battlefield and in 
the hospital, gave their lives for our country ; proud of our organ- 
ization and of its membership, and grateful for the generous recog- 
nition of our work by the people of the several cities in which we 
hold our annual gatherings. 

Of Philadelphia our Comrades have the most pleasant recol- 

Reversing the usual order : she sped the hosts of armed men 
going to the conflict with unstinted hospitality ; she cared for the 
sick and wounded with manifestations of infmitelove and affection ; 
she welcomed and cheered those returning with victory perched 

8 Thirty-third National Encampment 

upon their tattered and bullet-torn standards, and this week, for 
the third time in the history ot the G. A. R., she opens wide the 
portals of her loyal hearts and the doors of her hospitable mansions 
to receive and to welcome its members. 

But others are officially to extend this welcome. Mine, only 
on behalf of the 6,000 of your comrades resident in Philadelphia, 
in the name of the 30,000 comrades constituting -the Department 
of Pennsylvania, to say to you, representing the 300,000 members 
of the Grand Army : Welcome — thrice welcome — and God grant 
that it will be yet many years ere the last surviving member of the 
armies and navies which suppressed the Rebellion and made this 
country a Nation one and indivisible, shall be translated from the 
glories due them in time to those greater glories of eternity.*' 

The Hon. Samuel H. Ashbridge, Mayor of Philadelphia, 
was then presented, and in words of choicest eloquence, ex- 
tended the welcome of the City, closing with : — 

*' Veterans of the Grand Army of the Republic : I salute you, 
and again, and again, extend to you an affectionate welcome to 
the hearts and hospitalities of the City of Brotherly Love." 

Hon. William A. Stone (Post 88, Pennsylvania), Governor 
of Pennsylvania, extended the welcome of the State, saying, 
among other things : 

**J/r. President i Comrades , Ladies and Gentlemen : 

In the presence of this great audience, in the presence of the 
President of the United States, his Cabinet, his generals and his 
sea captains, I am to extend the welcome of seven millions of peo- 
ple of Pennsylvania to the soldiers of the Great Civil War. I am 
briefly to speak a welcome, not only for the men of our cities, but 
for the men who work in the fields, the men who work in the mines, 
the men who work in our great furnaces, the men, the women and 
the children of this great State. I cannot find words to express 
that welcome as I know they feel it. You can paint the rose, but 
you cannot paint the fragrance of the rose ; and I cannot express 
in words the sentiment which the people of Pennsylvania feel for 
the old soldiers." 

Grand Army of the Republic 9 

To the Addresses of Welcome, the Commander-in-Chief 
of the Grand Army of the Republic designated Comrade Ell 
Torrance, Judge Advocate-General of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, to respond. Comrade Torrance spoke as follows : 

•* Your Excellency and Mr. Mayor : 

It has given us great pleasure to listen to your words ot 
welcome so fitly spoken, and in behalf of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, I thank you for your cordial greetings so generously 
extended. Never has a soldier ot the Union crossed the borders 
of che State or entered the gates of this city without a welcome. 
If hungry, you fed him, if naked, you clothed him, and if sick 
you ministered unto him. When he marched through your streets 
in the full strength of his young manhood, under the flaming flag 
of freedom, the air resounded with your exultant cheers, and 
when shrouded for the sepulture, you followed him with reverend 
footsteps and sorrowing heart to a soldier's grave. 

Pennsylvania has always been conspicuous for her patriotism, 
and the State of Andrew G. Curtin, the soldier's friend, has never 
had a disloyal chief magistrate. The treasures of her hills, the 
wealth of her valleys and the blood of her sons had always been 
at the instant command of the nation's need. The historian, the 
poet and the orator will vainly strive to fully recount the glorious 
achievements of this imperial commonwealth, but no page ot her 
illustrious historv will be so luminous as that which recites her 
devotion to the principles of civil and religious liberty and reveals 
her strong pulsing heart of love for the nation's defenders. We 
therefore accept your welcome in the spirit in which it has been 
extended, proud to be your guests and glad to accept of your 

Our pilgrimage to your State and city has been a triumphal 
procession. As singly and in little companies we left our distant 
homes, good wishes sped us on ; as we journeyed on our way, 
salutations and waving flags assured us that tlie boys in blue, now 
grown gray, were not forgotten, and when we reached the Ciiy of 
Brotherly Love, our eyes grew dim, our minds confused, and our 
hearts burdened with the wealth of h(>s[>itality bestowed upon us. 
Under these happy circumstances we pitch our tents in your midst 
to again unite in our annual feast of sacred fellowshij). But it is 

lo Thirty-third National Encampment 

befitting that I should remind you that we come in broken column. 
Since we last met eight thousand of our number, including the 
Commander-in-Chief have passed from mortal view and our 
rejoicing is tempered with sorrow that we shall see their faces no- 
more. Within the past year more have fallen than the immortal 
Reynolds led at Gettysburg on that July day, when he grandly 
laid down his life as a morning sacrifice, on his country's altar, and 
again made manifest to all the world how *' sweet and becoming it 
is to die for one's country." 

As the years hasten in their flight our numbers steadily 
diminish, and it requires no interpreter to translate the meaning ot 
the halting step, the wrinkled face, and bowed form of the soldier 
of the Union. 

Once we were not only strong in limb, but strong in numbers. 
Once we could endure the hardships of the march, the bivouac, 
the battle and the prison pen. Once we could cross unfordable 
rivers, climb impassable mountains, scale impregnable fortifications, 
and win imperishable victories. But it is no longer so. Time has 
well nigh completed the work that the enemies of the flag so well 
commenced more than a century ago. We saved a nation but we 
cannot save ourselves. Nevertheless we are content and rejoice 
that as we decrease the nation increases. That the flag, conceived 
in the heart of a loyal woman and formed by her patriotic fingers, 
within the sound of my voice, continues to gather new stars into- 
its glorious constellation and with saving power moves forward to 
uplift and bless mankind everywhere. 

We are content, for we believe that the good we have done 
will live forever, that the work of our hands will endure forever,, 
and that our deeds of self-sacrifice and devotion will, like the stars 
of Heaven, forever shine with beneficent light upon the pathway 
of those who shall come after us and conduct the world at last to 
freedom. Permit me again in behalf of the comrades present as 
well as those we represent, most of whom, alas ! will never look 
upon a scene like this, to return to your Excellency and through 
you to the people of the great commonwealth, and to you, Mr. 
Mayor, and through you to the people of this Queenly City, our 
sincere thanks for your kind and generous welcome, and in the 
words of anoiher, and I trust with somewhat of his gentle spirit^ 
to say, *' God bless you every one." 

Grand Army of the Republic 1 1 

The Presiding Officer, in introducing the next speaker, 
said : 

^'Ladies and Gentlemen : 

Among the many things that should have been done which 
our Committee did not do, and the still more which we did do 
that should have been left undone, is one of which I am about to 
make public acknowledgment. 

Secretary Cortelyou, in his correspondence with us, was alwa}s 
very positive in the statement that the President did not desire to 
make any speeches during his visit to our city. 

Unfortunately our Program had all been arranged and was in 
cold type, showing the item of business we have now reached. 

We were careful not to advise the Secretary of this fact, trust- 
ing that Providence, who has been very kind to us during our En- 
campment, would bring us safely through this difficulty. 

To comply with the Secretary's injunction in this respect I am, 
of course, prevented from asking the President of the United States 
to speak to-night, but we have with us an old soldier, a member of 
Post No. 60, of Canton, Ohio, who will, I am sure, for this occa- 
sion, take the place of the President of the United States, and I 
give him an opportunity to do so, and to do with our committee 
and with you according to his own good will and pleasure. 

I have the honor to present you, ladies and gentlemen, to 
Comrade William McKinley." 

Comrade William McKinley was greeted with round after 
round of applause, which he gracefully acknowledged, and 
when quiet was restored spoke as follows : 

"J/i Comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic : 

It has given me great pleasure to be associated with you to- 
day. I have been deeply touched by many of the scenes which 
all of us wiinessed. With the joyous side of the glad reunion of 
comrades who had fought side by side in a common cause and for 
a common country, there was that other, the saddened side, that so 
many of our comrades who, only two years ago, had marched 
proudly with you through the City of Buffalo, were no longer in 
vour ranks. 

12 Thirty-third National Encampment 

The circle is narrowing as the years roll on. One after another, 
at our annual re-unions, is * not present' but 'accounted for '; he has 
gone to join the great majority of our comrades who sleep to-night 
beneath the low green tent whose curtains never outward swing. 

But, with it all, my comrades, as I witnessed to-day the vast 
procession of old veterans and heard the plaudits of the people, I 
could not but ask the question, What has endeared this vast army 
to the American people — what has enshrined you in their hearts 
— what has given you permanent and imperishable place in their 
history ? And the answer comes, — That you saved the nation ; 
that it was because you did something — aye, you sacrificed some- 
thing ; you were willing to give up your lives — for civilization and 
liberty ; not for the civilization and liberty of the hour, but for 
a civilization and liberty for all the ages. That has given you a 
place in the hearts of the American people. I was, therefore, not 
surprised to hear my comrade, who made the eloquent response 
to the most gracious welcome of the State of Pennsylvania and the 
City of Philadelphia, utter in this presence that, from the time 
they journeyed from their homes in the far West until they reached 
this grateful city, he and his comrades were everywhere cheered by 
the American people. 

Great, good deeds never die. And the Grand Army of the 
Republic is to be congratulated to-night upon the peace which it 
secured at Appomattox Court House more than a third of a cen- 
tury ago and that the Union which it saved is stronger, bet'ter and 
dearer to the American people than it ever was in all their his- 
tory. We are once more and forever one people — one in faith, 
one in purpose, one in willingness to make sacrifice for the honor 
of the country and the glory of our flag. The blue and the gray 
march under one flag. We have but one flag now — the same our 
grandsires lifted up, the same our fathers bore. And that flag 
which you kept stainless and made triumphant will be kept stainless 
and made triumphant for evermore. 

I may be pardoned for saying in this presence that this has 
been one of the happiest days of my life. As I stood looking into 
the faces of my old comrades — they are getting a little too old for 
war, I think — I reflected that, during last summer and this year, we 
were able to convene in thirty, sixty and ninety days, 250,000 of 

Grand Army of the Republic 13 

the best young men of the United States for war. Why was it ? 
It was because of the example of your patriotism and the inspira- 
tion of your example." 

A tumult of applause followed the President's address. 
Thereafter he left the stage to attend the banquet given by 
Meade Post, No. I. 

The Star Spangled Banner was sung, in which the old 
veterans joined heartily. Six uniformed veterans of Grant Post, 
with rifles at carry arms, under Commander S. J. McMillan, 
who waved a handsome silk flag, marched on the stage and 
inspired the throng during the singing. 

Rear Admiral Sampson was introduced, but declined to 
make a speech ; the audience applauded vociferously and the 
Rear Admiral bowed. 

General Daniel E. Sickles, General David McM. Gregg^ 
Past Commander-in-Chief J. P. S. Gobin and other veterans 
spoke briefly, and the exercises closed with bugle calls, ending^ 
with tattoo and taps. 



ThirtyJhiRd Hationaii Encampment 



The Thirty-third National Encam|)ment of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, convened at the Grand Opera House, in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, on September 6th, 1899, at 10 o'clock a. m., 
and was oj^ened in due form, Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, 
William C. Johnson, presiding. 

The Chajjlain-in-Chief invoked the divine blessing in these 
terms : 

( )ur Father, Who ait in Heaven, we recognize Thy hand and Thy power. 

In all our works and in all our ways we would acknowledge Thee, and ask 

rijce t') direct our paths and to learl our hearts and our footsteps in the way of 

truth, of justice, of purity and of peace. Another year has passed away, and 

wc are here in Thy presence this morninp, recognizing Thy providence over 

u>. recoj^ni/ing thy love for us as Thy children, realizing, in deed and in truth, 

that a5 Thou liast been the (iod of our P'aihers, Thou art still our God, and 

under Thy Divine guidance, benediction an<l Messing we are thus perndtted to 

meet together once more in fraternity, charity and Icyaliy, to praise the name of 

our CJod and to transact the business of this Encampment. Now, oh Lord, we 

j^'r.iv for a blessing upon every member of the Order, upon the presiding oflicer, 

an I jp )n all the meml)ers of this Encampment today, (iranl, our Fatlier, to 

ble^s us while we are here; bless those who are near and dear to us in our 

li'imes today, (iod, be round about them, and shield them and keep tliem as in 

the holiuw of Thy hand; and, Lord, we pray Thee to bless all the survivois of 

the (irantl Army, of the old Grand Army of the Republic. Grant, our Father, 

that as the years go by, and as they slowly go down the declivity of time, their 

l6 Thirty-third National Encampment 

faith in Thee, their faith in the ultimate triumph of truth and righteousness may 
grow stronger and brighter, even to the perfect day. God bless the widows and 
orphans of those who have gone. O, Thou Father of ihc Fatherless, be kindly 
and tenderly near unto them ; and may our hearts be warmed ever toward Thee, 
that we may ever pray to Thee and ever love Thee, and ever bless Thee while 
we live. As we are here as members of the Grand Army of the Republic, we 
look up to Thee and pray for our Country. Thou God of battles, do Thou 
bless our land this day. Thou knowest how dear our country, how dear our 
Hag is to all our hearts. God bless the country, and preserve it as a nation to 
glorify Thee. Lord, we pray for Thy blessing upon our comrade who is Presi- 
dent of the United States. Thou knowest our hearts, and how we pray this 
morning that he may be spared, and that he may be guided ; and our Father, 
wilt Thou support him while he supports the great principles of civilization and 
liberty, and wilt Thou uphold him while he upholds the flag of our country in 
honor. God be with him, and with all the forces of our country today, and 
with all the forces of our civilization. Father^ hear us. Thou knowest the aspi- 
rations of our hearts. Thou knowest how feeble our words are to express to Thee 
what we feel this morning in opening^this Encampment. And now, Father, we 
pray that Thou wilt bless all the interests which we have committed to Thee and 
now commit to Thy care. Thou hast been with us in the days gone by; Thou 
didst shield us in the hour of battle ; Thou didst watch over us in the daik hour 
of the night, while we slept under the stars. O God, do Thou abide with us to- 
day, while we shall still sleep, and when we sleep our last sleep in the resting 
place for all the dead, do Thou go with us down there, and may it eventually be 
our lot to join the grand host of those who have gone before ; thus may we 
honor those whom we loved to honor; and may we all, our Father, be prepared 
when the great roll-call above shall come, to say. Here, Lord, am I, to do with 
me as shall seem to Thee good ; and all the glory, our Father, shall be thine, 
now and forever, amen. 

The Adjutant-General called the roll of officers and presented 
the report of the Committee on Credentials. 

Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic. 

Philadelphia, Pa., September 6, 1899. 

To Adjutant' General, G. A, R,, 
Comrade : 

The CJommittee on Credentials beg leave to report that they have 
examined the Roll of the Thirty-third Encamprnt-nl of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, to be held in Philadelphia, on September 6th and 7th, 
1899, as prepared by the Adjutant-General, and find that it rorrtspoi ds 
with the regularly presented credentials and reports from the several 
Departments, and is correct. 

The Committee, therefore, respectfully recon m^nd said Roll to be 
adopted as the Roll of Membership of this Thirty-third Encampment. 

Grand Army of the Republic 17 

The whole number of members entitled to vote at present is divided 
as follows : 

National officers 8 

Past National officers 49 

Council of Administration 45 

Kepresentatives 1,149 

Total membership 1,251 

Thos. J. Stewart, 

Adjutant' General. 
R. M. Smock. Indiana. 
John H. Thachkr, Connecticut. 
C. M. Hassler, Ohio. 
James D. Bell, New York. 

Comrade Gray, of Wisconsin : I move that the report of the 
Committee on Credentials be accepted and adopted, and that the 
further call of the roll of the Encampment be dispensed with. 

The motion prevailed. 

The Roll of the Encampment is as follows, those marked with 
an asterisk [*] being present. 


i8 Thirty-third National Encampment 





Commander-in-Chief tJAMES A. SEXTON, 

Chicago, 111. 

^Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief . W, C. JOHNSON, 

Cincinnati, Ohio 

'^Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief . DANIEL ROSS. 

Wilmington, Del. 

Surgeon- Genera/ ALBERT S. PIERCE, 

Hastings, Nebraska 

-^Chaphiin-in- Chief DANIEL LUCAS, 

Rockford, 111. 

-^Adjutant- General THOS. J. STEWART, 

Norristown, Pa. 

"^ Quartermaster- General . • . . FRED W. SPINK, 

Chicago, 111. 

Inspector General. ALONZO WILLIAMS, 

Providence, R. I. ' 

'^ Judge Advocate General, . . . ELL TORRANCE, 

Minneapolis, Minn. 


^Alabama M. D. Wickerssham . Mobile 

Arizona Samuel C. Rees . . Prescott 

Arkansas Geo. W. Clark . . . Little Rock 

California and Nevada. A. T. Eggleston . . (Address 

St. Louis, Mo.) 

Colorado and Wyoming. John C. Kennedy . Denver 

*CoMNECTicuT John H. Thacher . Hartford 

t Dec eased. 

Grand Army of the Republic 

^Delaware W. H. Miller .... 

Florida T, S. Wilmarth . . 

^Georgia and S. Carolina J. A. Commcrford . 

In\HO Alfred Eoff 

■^Illinois Thomas W. Scott . 

Indiana. . , • Wm. H. Armstrong 

Indian Territory , . . . S. B. Bradford . . . 

Iowa Thomas Bell .... 

*Kansas P. H. Coney .... 

"^Kentucky. ...*.... P. W. Hager .... 

Louisiana and Mississippi. Richard Sheppard . 

*Maine Edward Riley . . . 

''^Maryland Marian A. Brian . . 

-^Massachusetts W. W. Blarkmar . . 

^Michigan Samuel J. Lawrence 

Minnesota J. M. D. Craft . . . 

^Missouri F. M. Sterrett . . . 

*MoNTANA Charles Horn . . . 

"^Nebraska . . , H. W. George . . . 

"^New Hampshire D. Arthur Brown . . 

New Jersey Clayland Tilden . . 

New Mexico H. Crampton . . . 

■^New York Theo. F. Reed . . . 

'^NoRTH Dakota Harrison Allen . . . 

*Ohio 13. M. Moulton . . . 

''Oklahoma \V. H. Baker .... 

Ore«;on H. H. Bradshaw . . 

M'ennsylvania William F. Stewart 

'^Potomac Charles Matthews . 

"^Rhode Island Nelson Viall .... 

•^Solth Dakota I). G. Grippen . . . 

-Tennessee Frank Seaman , 

^ Texas Henry Johnson . . . 

Utah Amassa S. Condor . 

•Vermont S. H. Wood . . . . 

Virginia cV N. Carolina. A. B. Heistand . . . 

Washington & Alaska. . Joseph Dickinson 


Marrietta, Ga. 
Boise City 
New Orleans, La 
Livermore Falls 
St. Louis 
Jersey City 
(Address, Kan- 
sas City, Mo.) 
New York City 

Ponce City 

Hot Springs 
St. Albans 
Norfolk, Va. 
Seattle, Wash. 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

*West Virginia . . . 


. . . W. C. Leonard . . Parkersburg 
. . . H. J. Smith . . , . Racine 



Commander-in-Chief, Adju 
Thomas W. Scolt . 
William H. Armstrong 
F. M. Sterrett 
M. D. Wickershani . 
William F. Stewart . 
Theodore F. Reed . 
H. J. Smith 

ant General and Quartermaster General 

Fairfield, Illinois 
Indianapolis, Indiana 
St. Louis, Missouri 
Mobile, Alabama 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
New York, N. Y. 
Racine, Wisconsin 



•fB. F. Stephenson (Provisional) [died Aug. 30, 1871], 
fS. A. Hurlburt, Illinois [died March 27$ 1882] . 
fjohn A. Logan, Illinois [died Dec. 26, 1886] 
•j-AmbroseE. Burnside, Rhode Island[died Sep. 13, 1881] 
■fCharles Devens, Massachusetts [died Jan, 7, 1891] 
fJohn F. Hartranft, Pennsylvania [died Oct. 17, 1889] 
tjohn C. Robinson, New York [died Feb. 18, 1897] 
I William Earnshaw, Ohio [died July 17, 1885] 
*Louis Wagner, Philadelphia, Pa. 
*George S, Merrill, Lawrence. Mass. 

Paul Van der Voort, Omaha, Nebraska, 
*Robert B. Beath, Philadelphia, Pa. 
*John S. Kountz, Toledo, Ohio .... 
*S. S. Burdett, Washington, D. C. 
f Lucius Fairchild, Wisconsin [died May 23. 1896] 
*John P. Rea, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
*William Warner, Kansas City, Missouri, 

Russell A. Alger, Detroit, Michigan . 
|Wheelock G. Veazey, Vermont [died March 22, 1898] 
*Jolm Palmer, Albany, New York 
*A. G. Weissert, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

t Deceased. 

866 • 





Grand Army of the Republic 


*John G. B. Adams, Lynn, Mass. . . . i 

*Thomas G. Lawler, Rockford, Illinois . i 

*r*ran N. Walker, Indianapolis, Indiana . . i 

T. S. Clarkson, Omaha, Nebraska . . . i 

*John P. S. Gobin, Lebanon, Penna. . . . i 


Tjoshua T. Owen, Pennsylvania (died Nov. 7, 1887] 
iLucius Fairchild, Wisconsin [died May 23, 1896] 
*Louis Wagner, Philadelphia, Penna. 
tEdward Jardine, New York, N. Y. 

Joseph E. Reynolds, Chicago, Illinois, 
*Elisha H. Rhodes, Providence, R. I., 

Paul Van der Voort, Omaha, Nebraska 
^Joiin Palmer, Albany, N. Y. . 

Ekigar D. Swain, Chicago, Illinois . 

Ch «rles L. Young, Toledo, Ohio 
*VV. E. W. Ross, Baltimore, Maryland 
^William Warner, Kansas City, Missouri 
il')hn P. Rea, Minneapolis, Minn. . 

Strlden Connor, Portland, Maine, 

S. \y. Ikickus, San Francisco, Cal. . 
tNclson C'ole, St. Louis, Missouri 

M >.ses H. Neil, Columbus, Ohio 
j A G. Weissert, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 
vRhJiarcl V. Tohin, Massachusetts [died Nov. 22, 1890] 

'Crt'o. H. Innis S. Hjston, Mass. [elected April 7, 1891] 

HL-nry H. Duffield, Detroit, Mich. 

R. H. Warfield, San Francisco. Cal. N. Walker, Indianapolis, Indiana 

A. P. Burchficld, Pittsburg, Penna. 

11. H. Hobson, Greensburg, KcMitucky 

John H. Mullen, Wabasha, Minnesota 
••Alfred Lyth, Buffalo, New York 


Joseph R. Hawley, Hartford, Conn, 
^[^juis Wagner, Philadelphia, Pa. 
■^'j. Warren Kiefer, Springfield, Ohio 

♦^Deceased. ^Present as Past Commander-in-Chief. 






















Thirty-third National Encampment 

Ed. Ferguson, Milwaukee, Wisconsin . , 1873 

Guy T. Gould, Chicago, 111. . . . . 1874 

fC. J. Buckbee, Connecticut [died Nov. 5, 1896] 1875-6 

tWilliam Earnshaw, Ohio [died July 17, 1885] . . 1877 

fH. E. Hill, Massachusetts [died April 8, r892] 1878 

H. Dingman, Washington, D. C. . . . 1879 

"fG. Bowers, New Hampshire [died Feb. 14, 1884] • 1880 

*C. V. R. Pond, Lansing, Michigan . , 1881 

*I. S. Bangs, Waterville, Maine .... 1882 

fW. H. Holmes, California [died March 26, 1889] 1883 

*Ira E. Hicks, New Britain, Conn. .... 1884 

John R. Lewis, Atlanta, Georgia .... 1885 

*Edgar Allan, Richmond, Va 1886 

*John C. Linehan, Penacook, N. H. , . . 1887 

+Joseph Hadfield, New York, N. Y 1888 

*Jno. F. Lovett, Trenton, N. J. . . 1889 

"f George B. Creamer Maryland [died September 16, 1896] 1890 

T, S. Clarkson, Omaha, Nebraska .... 189 1 

*Peter B. Ayars, Wilmington, Del. , . . . 1892 

*J. C. Bigger, Dallas, Texas ..... 1893 

*Charles H. Shute, New Orleans, La. . . 1894 

S. G. Cosgrove, Pomeroy, Washington . 1895 

*Charles W. Buckley, Montgomery, Ala. . . 1896 

Francis B. Allen, Hartford, Conn. . . . 1897 

fDeceased. J Dropped from Rolls. 

Grand Army of the Republic 23 


The figures within the parenthesis ( ) show the number of each De- 
partment in order of permanent organization. 

ALABAMA. (42.) 
Organized March 12, 1889. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 193 

*Commander A. P. Stone, Birmingham 

Senior Vice-Commander George Hoenig, Cullman 

Junior Vice-Commander Fred. F. Klammer, Athens 

*A«istant Adjutant General . . . E. D. Bacon, Birmingham 


*Geo. F. Jackson (at large) A. J. Harper, Larkinsville 



Geo. H. Patrick, Wash., D. C, *J. Clyde Millar, Birmingham, 1893 

1876-80 JC. W. Buckley, Montgomery. 1894 

F. G. Sheppard, Birmingham, 1889 Mano^h Bostick, Birmingham, 1895 
*\V'. H. fiunter, 1890 Geo. F. Wallenhaupt, Cullman, '96 

^Seymour Bullock, 1891 W. H. Black, Montgomery, 1897 

A. B. Hayes, Cullman, 1891 *A. G, Bethard, Decatur, 1898 

*U*ilIiam Snyder, Birmingham, 1892 

ARlZOxMA. (40.) 
Organized Jan, 17, 1888. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 198 

Commander George Broughton, Prescott 

Senior Vice-Commander James D. Monihan, Phccnix 

junior Vice-Commander P. P. Parker. Phoenix 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . W. F. R. Schindler, Prescott 


Winfield Scott (at large) Phrenix Thomas K. Elvey, Phnenix 


A. L. Grow, Tombstone, 1888 *Chas. D. Belden, Phoenix, 1S94 
A. B. Sampson, Tucson, 1889 W. F. R. Schindler, Prescott, 1895 

Geo. F. Coats, California, 1890 A. J. Sampson, U. S. Minister to 

Edward Schwartz, Alaska, 1891-2 Equador, 1896 

Douglas Snyder, Tucson, 1893 George Hoxworth, Flagstaff, 1897 

James Finley, Tucson, 1898 
tDeceased. tPresent as Past J. V. Commander-in-Chief. 

24 Thirty-third National Encampment 

ARKANSAS. (31.) 

Organized July 11. 1883. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 817 

^Commander George W. Clark, Little Rock 

*Senior Vice-Commander A. L. Thompson, Springdale 

Junior Vice-Commander H. M. McGaughey, Rogers 

Assistant Adjutant General ... P. S. Smith, Little Rock 


Hubbard Stone (at large) Ft. Smith H. W. Dixon, Mansfield 
Robert Weare, Little Rock C B. Searles, Stuttgart 


tStephen Wheeler, 1883-84 Powell Clayton, Mexico City, 

C. M. Barnes, Guthrie, O. T. , 1885 Mexico, 1892 

C. C. Waters, Little Rock, 18S6 tLogan H. Roots, 1893 
Thomas Boles, Fort Smith, 1887 f Thomas H. Barnes, 1893-94 
S. K. Robinson, Fort Smith, 18S8 W. C Roberts, Huiitsville, 1895 

*A. S. Fowler, Little Rock, 1889-90 O. M. Spellman, Little Rock, 1896 
W. H. H. Clayton, S. McAllister, A. H. Soekland, Stuttgart, 1897 

Indian Ter., 1891 W. G. Gray, Springdale, 1898 


Organized Feb. 21, 1868. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 5,116 

Commander A. F. Dill, San Diego ^ 

Senior Vice-Commander Henry C. Dibble, San Francisco 

Junior Vice-Commander George M. Mott, Sacramento 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . T. C. Masteller, San Francisco 


*A. E. Davis (at large) Los Angeles Charles Edelman, San Francisco 
*C. T. Rice, Riverside, Cal. A. D. Thacher, Pomona 

*E. K. Russell, N. Y. City, N. Y. W. W. Bowers, San Diego 
*C. A. Woodruff, Governor's H. J. Wallace, San Jose 

Island. N Y. F. L. Turpin, San Francisco 

J. J. Gosper, Los Angeles *W. W. Russell, Marysville, Cal. 
*George W. Herr, Sacramento 


Grand Army of the Republic 25 



\V. H. Aiken, Wrights, 1873-4 T. H. Goodman, San Francisco, *88 

E. Carlsen. Berkeley, 1875 A. J. Buckles, Fairfield, 1890 

S.\V. Backus, San Francisco, 1877 E. T. Langley, Santa Anna, Dept. 
+S P. Ford, 1878 9 Commander S. Dakota, 1890 91 

C Mason Kinne, San Francisco, W. H. L. Barnes, San Francisco, '91 

1880-81 J. B. Fuller, San Francisco, 1892 

\V. A. Robinson, San Francisco, '82 E. C Seymour, Patton, 1893 

tjames VV. Staples, 1883 J. M. Walling, Nevada City, Cal.'94 

tl. M. Davis, 1884 Chas. E. Wilson, San Francisco, '95 

:R. H. Warfield, San Francisco, *85 T. C Masteller, San Francisco, '96 

WR.Smedberg, San Francisco, '86 N. P. Chipman, San Francisco, '97 

E S. Salomon, San Francisco, ^87 *Solomon Cahen, San Francisco, '98 


Organized as ihe Department of the Mountains December 11, 1879 ; name 
changed to Colorado July 31. 1882 ; name changed to Colorado and 
Wyoming Aug. 28. 1889. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 2,139 

^Commander Andrew A. Royal, Pueblo, Col. 

'S-ni<jr Vice-Commander Harper M. Orahood, Denver 

.'uiiior Vice-Commander C C Washburn, Rocky Ford, Col. 

'Assistant Adjutant General . . . Dan W. Brown, Pueblo, Col. 

rki'kksi:mati\>.s ai.ti.kna'h s 

E. A Slack (at large) Cheyenne, R. W. Kline, Denver, Col. 

Wvo. J. N. Pollard, Denver, Col. 
*]• H. Cook, Denver, Col. H. C Chapin, Denver, Col. 

■' ^tis Remich, Colorado SprinjiS, Col. 


^Andrew Taylor, iS75-6-7 'D. L. Holdeii, Pueblo, Col., 1890 

y.}. Bancroft, Denver, 1878-9 'Geo. W. Cook, Denver. Col., 1891 

J. \V. i^onnellan. Salt Lake, Utah, ■John C. Kennedy, Denver, 1S92 

18S0-81 tMyron W. Reed, 1893 
^{yron L. Carr, 1S84 *Nat Rollins, Lcadville, Col , 189; 

^A. V, Hohn, Leadville, CjI., 18S5 N. J. O'Brien, Cht^yennt, \Vyo.,'95 
'George Ady, Denver, Col., 1887 H. O. Dodge, Boulder, Col., 1S96 
■John VV. Browning, Denver, iS'i,^ • U. S. Holiister, Denver, 1897 
Thos. M. Fisher, Cheyeime, Wyo. VV. T. S. Miy, Denver, 1S9S 


tDece.iseJ. JPr^sciii as Past S. \". Cominati'ler-in-Cliio!. 

26 Thirty-third National Encampment 


Organized April ii, 1867. Number of members Dec. 31, 189S, 5,279 

*Commander Henry R. Jones, New Hartford 

*Senior Vice-Commander Andrew Gordon, Hazardville 

*Junior Vice-Commander Loren D. Pen field, New Britain 

*Assistant Adjutant General . . . tjohn H. Thacher, Hartford 


*David W. Sharp (at large) Guilford Charles C. Griswold, Guilford 

*Lester D. Phelps, Rockville T. A. Arnold, So. Norwalk 

^Patrick Wade, Bridgeport N. P. Palmer, Thompsonville 

*John T. Simmons, Sta. A, Winsted D. A. Bradley, Thomaston 

*Christian Quien, Forestville Ralph Wright, New Haven 


Edward Harland, Norwich, 1867 *John T. Crary, Norwich, 1886 

tTheodore Ellis, 1868-9 Henry E. Taintor, Hartford, 1887 

tWilliam H. Mallory, 1870-71 *Saml. B. Home, Winsted, 1888 

L. A. Dickinson, Hartford, 1872 73 Wm. H. Pierpont, New Haven, '89 

fCharles J. Buckbee, 1874-75 *John C Broatch, Middletown, 1890 

*W. E. Disbrow, Bridgeport, 1876-7 t Henry N. Fanton, 1891 

tFrank G. Otis, 1878 *B. E. Smith, Willimantic, 1892 

tCharles E. Fowler, 1878-9 nVilbur F. Rodgers, Meriden, 1893 

George S. Smith, Norwich, 1880 S. G. Blakeman, Shelton, 1894 

*Alfred B. Beers. Bridgeport. 1881 *John M. Brewer, Hartford, 1895 

°Ira E. Hicks, New Britain, 1882 *Oscar W. Cornish, Waterbury, 1896 

*I. 3. Hyatt, Meriden, 1883 Gustavus D. Bates, Putnam, 1897 

tWilliam Berry, 1884 W. E. Simonds, Hartford, 1898 
*F. D. Sloat, Washington, D. C.,'8s 

DELAWARE, (23.) 

Organized Jan. 14, 1881. Number of members Dec. 31, I898, 593 

*Commander ... William H. Moystin, Wilmington 

*Senior Vice Commander Casper Miller, Dover 

*Juniof Vice-Commander Hubbard D. Entriken, Wilmington 

♦Assistant Adjutant General . . . William A. Reilly, Wilmington 


*J. W. Worrall (at large) C. L. Jefleris, Wilmington 

Pleasant Hill A. A. Anderson, Wilmington 
♦William Kelly, Jr., Wilmington 

tDeceased. tPrcseiilas member of Council of Administralion. 
^Present as Past S. V. Commander-in-Chief. 

Grand Army of the Republic 27 

DELAWARE— Continued. 


nV.S. McNair, i88r *A. J. Woodman. Wilmington, 1891 

*]ohn Wainwright. Wilmington, *82 *Geo. W. Stradley, Bridgeville, '92 
rDaniel Ross, Wilmington, 1883 *B. D. Bogia, Wilmington, 1893 
*J. S. Litzenberg, Wilmington, 1885 J. E. Vantine, New Castle, 1894 
tjohn M. Dunn, i836 *Edwin F. Wood, Dover, 1895 

*John E. Mowbray, Dover, 1887 *Wm. B. Norton, Wilmington, 1896 
*R.G.Buckingham. Pleasant HiIl.'88*J.S Bradley, Milford, 1897 
Peter B. Ayars, Wilmington, 1889 * Robert Liddell, Wilmington, 1898 
*Samuel Lewis, Wilmington, 1890 

FLORIDA. (36.) 

Organized June 19, 1884. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 388 

*Commander Edwin Kirby, Fruitland 

*5enior Vice Commander George Brown, St. Augustine 

*]unior Vice Commander . . . F. G. Parcell, Tampa 
'Assistant Adjutant General . . . S. W. Fox, Jacksonville 


*W. \V. Hunt (at large) Jacksonville S. W. Fox, Jacksonville 


*T. S. Wilmarth, Columbia, 1884-5 *f. DeV. Hazzard, Eustis, 1892 

•G. H. Norton, Eusiis, 1886 '^Geo. F. Foot, Washington, D.C.'93 

*E \V. Henck, Longwood, 1887 *D. L. Way, Sanford, 1894 

"U'illiam James, Jacksonville, 1888 tP. E. McMurray, 1895 
\|.W.V. R. Plummer, Key West,'89*L. Y. Jenness, St. Petersburg:, 1896 

Fred Goodrich, DeLand, 1890 *Charles M. Ellis, Jacksonville, 1897 

JohnH. Welsh, Welshton, 1891 ^George H. Packwood, Tampa, 1S98 

GEORGIA. (41.) 

Organized [an. 25. 1S89. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 533 

'Commander Alex. Matlison, Atlanta 

'Senior \nce Commander S. A. Darnell, Jasper 

Junior Vice-Commander Joshua F. Ensor, Columbia, S. C 

^Assistant Adjutant General . . . S. C. Morley 


I. J. Donnally (at large) Atlanta *J. T. Eichberg, Atlanta 
Charles R. Haskins, Atlanta *Lewis Thayer, Fitzgerald 


John R. Lewis, Washt'n, D.C., '89 L. B. Nelson, Atlanta, 1895 
tDavid Porter, 1890 John L. Clem, Major and Q. M. 

*A. F. Sholes, Savannah, 189 1 U. S. A , 1896 

Thos. F. Gleason, Savannah, '92-3 *James P. Averill, Atlanta, 1897 
C. T. Wat«:on, Atlanta, 1894 *Jas. O. Ladd, SuinmervilIe,S .C,,'98 

•Uc< cased. tPresent asjunior Vice Conimaiultr-in-Cbiif. 

28 Thirty-third National Encampment 

IDAHO. (39.) 

Organized Jan. ir, 1888 Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 370 

Commander S. L. Thompson, I.ewiston 

^Senior Vice-Commander Charles A. Clark, Boise 

Junior Vice-Gommander Charles H. Murphy, Genesee 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . Albert Small, Lewiston 


L. Rowley (at large), Lewiston George L. Shoup, Salmon City 

*A. J. Hofilinger. Hailey 


tWilliam H. Nye, 18S7-8 Thos. J. Groome, Blackfoot, 1894 

fAlmon S. Senter, 1889 D. H. Budlong, Coeur D'Alene, 95 

\V. T. Riley, Hai'ey, 1890 James L. Fuller, Bliss, 1896 

Judson Spofford, Boise. 1891 Lindol Smith, Moscow, 1897 

R. H. Barton, Moscow, 1893 Nelson F. Kimball, Weiser, 1898 


Organized April i, 1866. Number of members Dec. 31, 1S9S, 23,503 

^Commander John B. Iiiman, Springfield 

^Senior Vice-Commander Aaron F. Walcott, Chicago 

Junior Vice-Commander Fred N. Buyer, Olney 

^Assistant Adjutant General . . . C. A. Partridge, Chicago 


*jas. O'Donnell (at large), Chicago B. F. Funk, Bloomington 

^Edward Kirk, Chicago Charles P. Swigert, Chicago 

* Milligan, Oak Park H. D. Fulton, Chicago 

John L. Manning, Chicago *Charles H. Tebbetts, Chicago 

Theodore F. Brown, Chicago *George L. Meservey, Chicago 

George W. Reed, Chicago tJ- L- Locke, Chicago 

*Michael Kunkel, Chicago A. J. Brachtendorf, Chicago 

|. A. Mason, Prairie View *John P. F'yfe, Chicago 

*H. H. Slater, Genoa W. H. Brydges, Elgin 

*Z. T. F. Runner, Freeport J. M. Fraley, Rockford 

*C. B. Knox, Rock Island A. E. Thummel, Sterling 

J. C. Hunter, Streator L. W. Brewer, Ottawa 

\V. K. Jewell, Danville Michael Calmer, Joliet 

*S. A. Porterfield, Sidney C. F. Webb, Bloomington 
^Philip Smith, Peoria D. W. Vickery, Mason City 

^vVilliam Somerville, Quincy *D. M. Sapp, Plymouth 




Grand Army of the Republic 


ILLINOIS— Continutd 


A. C. Maithews. IMttsfield 
*R. P. Lytic. Decatur 
*\V. D. Matney, Greenville 
*S. A. Campbell, Mattoon 
*Jasp€r Partridge. Carmi 
*James Adams, Central ia 
*Roberi B. Stinson, Anna 
*Zeb R. \Vin«5low, Chicago 
*E. B. }{anulton, ^uincy 


*0. B. Edwards, Greenfield 
J. F. King, Springfield 
D. C Zimmerman, Vandalia 
J. S. Cochennour, Olney 
H. J. Strawn, Albion 
Louis Krughoff, Nashville 
N. B. Thistlewood, Cairo 
Charles B. Loop, Belvidere 


tB. F. Stephenson, 1866 
Guy T. Gould, Chicago, 1873 

tH. H. Hilliard, 1874-5-6 
]. S. Reynolds, Chicago. 1877 
T. B. Oiulter, Aurora, 1878 
Edgar D. Swain, Chicago, '79 80 

*J. W. Burst, Sycamore, i8?i 

fA. C. Sweeter, 18S7 

tjames A. Sexton, 1888 
James S. Martin, Salem, 1889 
W. L. Distin, Sitka, Alaska, 1890 

*Horace S. Clark, Mattoon, 1891 
Edwin Harlan, Marshall, 1892 

*E. A. Blodgett, Chicago, 1893 
JThomas G. Lawler, RockforJ, '82 H. H. McDowell, Pontiac, 1894 
S. A. Harper. Peoria, 18S3 W. H. Powell, Belleville, 1895 

*I . T. Dickason, Chicago, 1884 W. G. Cochran, Sullivan, 1896 

tW. W Berry, 1885 *Albert L. Schimpff, Peoria, 1897 

*['. S. I\ St, 1S86 ♦John C. Black, Chicago, 1898 

LNDIANA. (20.) 

Organizfd Aujj. 20, 1866. Re-organized October 3, 1879. 

Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, i7i537 

*Comman(ler William L. Dunlap, Franklin 

*Senit*r Vice-Commander Morton C. Rankin, Terre Haute 

junior Vice Conimandt-r Solomon A. Pennington, Kukomo 

•Assistant Adjutant-General . . . R. M. Smock, Indianapolis 

R P K K> K \ I A T I V hJ^ A LT K R N Al tS 

*('to. Brown (at large), Indianapolia*\Villiam E. MeLean, Terre Haute 

Wiljinm C Lawrence, Princeton *Chas. C. Schretder, Evansville 

*VjliU C'.uUon, Sullivan Bernard Jacobs, Spencer 

*]iH:\ K -pahr. Jeffersonville John Marsh, New Albany 

♦Daniel VV. VVilst.n, Seymour Benjamin M. Hutchins, Ci.lunibus 

*HHn>oii I). Moore, Moore's Hill James N. Annis, Greensburg 

Henr\ H. Woods, Martinsville George W. Searce, Danville 

♦D«^e.*^e•^. ;rrcsi:iit as Past Commander-in-Chief. 

30 Thirty-third National Encampment 

J NDI ANA— Continued 


*Giles D. Walker, Montezuma Ellas Kemper, Mansfield 

*Charles H. Smith, Connersville William Hutton, Greenfield 

*Smiley N. Chambers, Indianapolis John W. Scott, Indianapolis 
*Levi L.Gilpin, Portland *James Kenroy, Anderson 

*David A. Coulter, Frankfort Harvey R. Tinsley, Crawfordsville 

*Henry A. Root, Michigan City George W. Steel, West Lebanon 

Josiah Stanley, Greeiitown * Henry C. Gemmill, Markle 

*George Musson, Ligonier William R. Brown, Monroeville 

*Franklin S.Carlton, Elkhart William B. Donaldson, Millersburg 

*Zachariah Jones. Washington Lewis Bir, New Albany 

William J. Hilligoss, Muncie Franklin M. Warford, Cicero 

*Asburry S. McCormick, Lafayette Fred T. Kemble, South Bend 


Robert S. Foster, Indianapolis, flra J. Chase, 1887 

1866 7-8 A. D. Vanosdol, Madison, 1888 
t Nathan, Kimball, 1869 Chas. M. Travis, Crawfordsville,'89 

t Lewis Humphrey, 1879 Gil R. Stormont, Princeton, 1890 

tJonathan B. Hager, 1880 Jlvan N. Walker, Indianapolis, 1891 

*William W. Dudley, Washington, Joseph B. Cheadle, Frankfort, 1892 

D. C, 1881 James T. Johnston, Rockville, 1893 
James R. Carnahan, Indianapolis, Albert O. Marsh, Winchester, 1894 

1882-3 Harvey B. Shively, Wabash, 1895 
Edwin Nicar, South Bend, 1884 *Henry M. Caylor, Noblesville, 1896 
David N. Foster, Ft. Wayne, 1885 *James S. Dodge, Elkhart, 1897 
fThomas W. Bennett, 1886 Daniel Ryan, Utica, 1898 


Organized July 3, 1891. Number of members Dec, 31, 1898, 317 

Commander Gideon S. White, Vinita 

Senior Vice-Commander . . . . S. T. Sirathen, Nowata 

Junior Vice-Commander Harrison Jones, Ardmore 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . H. C. Luey, Vinita 


*E. W. Griscom B. F. Willis, Nowata 


J. H. Spann, Tahlequah, 1893 William H. Harrison. Checotah,'96 

S. S. Boyles, 'Tahlequah, 1894 R. M. J. Sliriver, Miami, 1897 

J. L. Thomas, Muskogee, 1895 David Redtield, Ardmore, 1898 

tDeceased. JPresenl as Past Commander-in-Chief. 

Grand Army of the Republic 31 

IOWA. (19.) 

Organized September 26, 1866. Re-organized January 23, 1879. 

Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 15,171 

*Commander C. F. Bally, Ireton 

*Senior Vice-Commander P. H. Lenon, Guthrie Centre 

^Junior Vice-Commander William Goodwin, Farmington 

*.\ssistant Adjutant General . . . L. M. Black, Ireton 


*H. A. Dyer (at large) Mason City E. H. Hazen, Des Moines 

*J. K. Mason, Keokuk J. M. Bechtel, Burlington 

*G€orge Meizger, Davenport *J. I). Fagan, Clinton 

*George Commerford , Manchester E. H. Smith, Dubuque 

*\Valier Carpenter, Iowa Falls George Philpot, Cedar Falls 

*N.H. Spears, Westgate D. E. Moore, Charles City 

*A. Hilderbrand, Cedar Rapids L. L. Wilson, Center Point 

*George Neel, Marshalltown W. A. Smith, Marshalltown 

*F.M. Smock, Keota John H. Porter, Montezuma 

*J. D. McGarrah, Des Moines H. B. Hedge, Des Moines 

*S C. James, Centerville W. I. Jordan, Clarinda 

George Wallace, Creston W. T. St. Clair, Humeston 

*M. McDonnell, Lynnville William Buckley, Shelby 

*Iohn Lindt, Council Bluffs J. A. Stephens, Adair 

*J R. Laird, Algona Daniel Smith, Boonesboro 

*F. H. Guthrie, Sheldon J. K. Page, Ida Grove 


^] C. Parrott, 1874-5 E. A. Consigny, Avoca, 1888 

A. A. Perkins, Denver, Col., '76-8 *Chas. H. Smith, Auroia, 111,, 1889 

H. E. Griswold, Atlantic, 1879 fMason P. Mills, 1890 

U' F. Conrad, Des Moines, 1880 fCharles L. Davidson, 1891 

Peter V. Carey, Des Moines, 1S81 J. J. Steadnian, Council Hlufts, 1892 

^G. B. H(»gin. iSS2 *Phil Schaller, Sac City, 1893 

^]')tin B. Cook, 1883 Geo. A. Newman, Cedar Falls, '94 

E.G. Miller, Waterloo, 1884 J. K. P. Thompson, Rock Rapids,'95 

U' K. Manning, Newton, 1885 Josiah Given, Des Moines, 1896 

U'. A. McHenry, Denison, 1886 A. H. Evans, Keokuk, 1897 

Tj. M. Tuttle, 1887 *R. VV. Tirril), Manchester, 1898 

KANSAS. (22.) 

Organized Dec. 7, 1866. Reorganized March 16, 1880. 

Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 13,287 

^Commander O. H. Coulter, Topeka 

Strnior Vice Commander John Beaver, Jetniore 

Junior Vice-Commander J. B. Palmer, Wichita 

*AssiNtant Adjutant General . . . George W. Veale, Topeka 


32 Thirty-third National Encampment 

KANSAS— Continued 


*B. S. Foster (at large), Hiawatha *John Sea ton, Atchison 

*G. W. Johnson, Seneca Ed. B. Jones, Holt on 

*A. Dobson, Ottawa B. T. Pugh, Ottawa 

R. W. Blue, Pleasanton VV. D. Saphar, Ottawa 

*Kirk Brown, Winfield F. M. Hills, Cedar Vale 

*C. A. Mitchell, Cherryvale W. B, Stone, Galena 
*W. A. Morgan, Cottonwood Falls T. C. Thoburn, Peabody 

*Isaac Hammond, Towanda D. A. Stahl, Emporia 

*B. F. Pealer, Salina S. S. Longley, Greenleaf 

*Thos. Dever, Junction City W. H. Fletcher, Clay Center 

*0. H. Durand, Mankato H. F. Hillebrandt, Osborne 

*W. H, Mitchell, Beloit W. E. Marsh, Lincoln 

*A. W. Smith, McPherson G. W. Nimmicks, Great Bend 

*Henry Schad, Wichita Jesse Lymes, Stafford 


tjohn A. Martin, 1866-7 tJ. W. Feighan, 18S8 

John C. Carpenter, Chanute, 1868 fHenry Booth, 1889 
W. S Jenkins, Leavenworth. 1972 Ira F. Collins, Sabe'ha, 1890 
John Guthrie, Topeka, 1876 T. McCarthy, Larned, 1891 

J. H.Gilpatrick, Leavenworth, '77-8 A. R. Greene, Lecompton, 1892 
J. C.Walkenshaw, L'vworth,'79 82*Bernard Kelly, Ft. Bliss, Texas.'93 
T. J. Anderson, Topeka, 1883 W. P. Campbell, Wichita, 1894 

Homer W. Pond, Chicago, 111, '84 *J. P. Harris, Ottawa, 1895 
Milton Stewart, Chicago, 111., 1885 W. C Whitney, Cawker City, 1896 

*C. J. McDivitt, S. Barbara, Cal,, '86 Theo. Botkin, Hutchinson, 1897 
T. H. Soward, Guthrie, Okla., '87 *D. W. Eastman, Emporia 1898 

KENTUCKY. (27.) 

Organized January 16, i88j. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 3,432 

*Commander Joseph H. Browning, Louisville 

*Senior Vice-Commander . . . . . F. J. Taylor, Glasgow 

*Junior Vice-Commander G. W. Ward, Emmence 

♦Assistant Adjutant Gtneral . . . Bernard Matihtws, Louisville 


*L. M. Drye (at large), Lebanon S. S. Hodges 

♦William Lewis, Louisville H. C. Simon 

*L. M. Gee, Summer Shade D. R. Carr, Glasgow 

*S. D. Vanpelt, Danville M. Allen, Louisville 

t Deceased. 

Grand Army of the Republic 33 

KENTUCKY— Continued 


]. C. Michie, Dayton, O., 1883 *Samuel G. Hillis, Vanceburg, 1891 
*\V. H. Harton, Newport, 1884 JEdw. H. Hobson, Greensburg, 1892 

Geo. \V. Norlhrup, Louisville, i885*T. D. Livezey, Cincinnati, O., 1893 
Thos. Z. Morrow, Somerset, 1886 *Danl. O. Rieley, Litchfield, 1894 
^William Bowman, Tollesboro, i887*Robert M. Kelly, Louisville, 1895 
*Orin A. Reynold, Covington, 1888 *Americus Whedon, Louisville, 1896 
*Vincent Boreing, London, 1889 *A. J. Tharp, Winston, 1897 
*Michacl Minton, Louisville, 1890 *J. \V. Hammond. Louisville, 1898 


Organized as the Department of the Gulf May 15, 1884 ; changed to 
Louisiana and Mississippi June 13, 1888. 

Number of members Dec 31, 1898, 996 

Commander Chas. W. Keeting, New Orleans 

Senior Vice-Commander D. E. Sweet, Jennings, La. 

*]unior Vice-Commander Isaiah Kelly, Vicksburg, Miss. 

*Assislant Adjutant General . . . John A. Brookshire, New Orleans 


Uwis Herman (at larj;e), *VVesley Harding, New Orleans 

New Orleans Henry Rivers, Port Hudson 
*W. ]]. Barrett, New Orleans 


Urn. Roy, Nogales, A. T., '84 C- H. Shute, New Orleans, 1893 

I U. Skully, New Orleans, *.S5 C. W. Keeling, New Orleans, 

A. S. Badger, New Orleans, '92 1894-98 

MAINE. (9.) 

Organized Jan. 10, iS5S. Number of members Dec. 31, i(S9S, 7,468 

'Commander Frederick Rohie, Portland 

'Senior Vice-Commander William Z. Clayton, Banj;or 

'Junior Vice-Commander George H. Smith, Honlton 

^Assistant Adjutant General . . . Edward C. Sweet, Portland 


*\V. S. Norcross (at lartje) C. S. Crowell, Lewiston 

Mechanic Falls H. S. Webster, Newcastle 
♦Hebron Mayhew, Westbrook *0. E. W. Hinkley, Old Town 

*^ I deceased, t Present as Past S. V. Commander-in-Chief. 

• • 



Thirty-third National Encampment 

MAINE — Continued, 


*H. A. Huse, Bath 
*B. P. Fuller, Auburn 
*Charles D. Jones, Rockland 
* Ed ward P. Faunce, Oxford 
*Oren A. True, Litchfield 
Joseph L. Small, Biddeford 


B. A. Summer, Lubec 
A. D. Brown, Livermore Falls 
S. H. Allen, Thomaston 
Stanley Plummer, Dexter 
Fred C. Robinson, Blaine 


fGeorge L. Beal, 1868-9 Samuel \V. Lane, Augusta, 1886 

Chas. P. Mattocks, Portland, 1870-1 Richard K. Gatley, Portland, 1887 
tDaniel White, 1872-3 Horace H. Burbank, Saco, 1888 

Selden Connor, Portland, 1874-5 *Franklin M. Drew, Lewiston, 1889 
*Nelson Howard, Lewiston, 1876 John D. Anderson, Gray, 1890 
tjohn D. Myrick, 1877 Samuel L. Miller, Waldoboro, 1891 

^Augustus C. Hamlin, Bangor, 1878 Isaac Dyer, Skowhegan, 1892 
fVVindsor B. Smith, 1879 *\Vainwright Cushing, Foxcroft, '93 

Jlsaac S. Bangs, Waterville, 1880 *J. Wesley Gilman, Oakland, 1894 
Augustus B. Farnham, Bangor, '82*Wm. H. Green, Portland, 1895 
Elijah M. Shaw, Nashua, N. H.,'83 L. D. Carver, Rockland, 1896 
Benjamin Williams, Rockland, 1884 Leroy T. Carleton, Winthrop, 1897 
tjames A. Hall, 1885 Chas. A. Southard, Lewiston, 1898 

MARYLAND. (16.) 

Organized Jan. 8, 1868. Reorganized June 9, 1876. 

Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 2,693 

♦Commander Lewis M. Zimmerman, Baltimore 

♦Senior Vice("ommander David H. Moberly, Baltimore 

♦Junior Vice-Commander George Pretchel, Baltimore 

♦Assistant Adjutant General . . -Robert C. Sunstrom, Baltimore 


♦John E. Hough (at large), Baltimore A. B. P. Garver. Annapolis 
♦George H. Wilson, Baltimore John L. Cost, Hagerstown 

♦John W. Worth, Baltimore James T. Wesley, Baltimore 

♦Henry Mackie, Baltimore Allan Rutherford, Washington ,D.C. 


tAndrew W. Dennison, 1867-8-9 fHenry P. Underbill, 1887 
♦E. Y. Goldsborough, Frederick, •7o^Theo. F. Lang, Baltimore. 1888 
♦Edwin L. Daneker. Baltimore, '71 Geo. F. Wheeler, Baltimore, 1889 
Adam E. King, Baltimore, 1872 ♦Geo. R. Graham, Baltimore, 1890 

tUeceased. ^Present as Past J. V. Commander-in-Chief. 

Grand Army of the Republic 


MARYLAND— Continued 


tE. B. Tyler, 1876 7-8 fjoseph C. Hill, 1891 

♦\Vm. E. Griffith, Cumberland, '79 ^Wallace A. Barllelt, Wash.. D.C.'92 
;\Vm. E. W. Ross, Baltimore, i88o-i*Frank Nolen, Baltimore, 1893 
Graham Dukehart, Baltimore, '82 *Myron J. Rose, Baltimore, 1894 
+]ohn H. Suter, 1883 fOliver A. Horner, 1895 

*Frank M. Smith, Baltimore, 1884 A. S. Cooper, Baltimore, 1896 
tJohnW. Horn, 1885 *Geo. W. Johnson, Baltimore, 1897 

*Geo. W. F. Vernon, Baltimore, '86*David L. Stanton, Baltimore, 1898 


Organized May 7, 1867. Number of members Dec 31, 1898, 20,160 

^Commander John E. Oilman, Boston 

*SeniorVice Commander Peter D. Smith, Andover 

*lunior Vice-Commander Silas A. Barton, Waltham 

*Assistanl Adjutant General . . . Edward P. Preble, Boston 


*Henry A. Tower (at large) Sidney Sibley, Fitchburg 

No. Adams *T. W. Cook, New Bedford 

G. \V. Mason, Cottage City Samuel \V. Hunt, Sandwich 

*G. E. Dean, Taunton George A. Grant, Brockton 

^Charles E. Barnes, Plymouth Charles E. Palmer, Hyde Park 

\^ V. Abbott, Dedham George \V. Beardsley, Boston 

*-N' T. Howard, S. Boston Isaac S, Mullin, Boston 

*G. F. Walker, Boston Walter S. Sampson, Boston 

^I- H. Bigelow, Boston T. A. Manchester, Lynn 

~U' H. Baker, Lynn Joseph \V. Sawyer, Saugus 

'Martin L. Stover, Haverhill Joseph B. Eaton, Newburyport 

^I- C. Day, South Groveland Louis G. Holt, Lawrence 

John H. Russell, Salem G. P. Marsh, Melrose 

'G. M. Bowker, Concord Junction Frank J. O'Reilly, Cambridge 

*John F. Jierry, Boston George R. VValcott, Sonierville 

•J. A. Barllett, Lowell Marshall E. Wright, West Acton 

*L. W. Crook, Reading Charles Carpenter, Spencer 

^M. A. Maynard, Worcester Lucius A. Lamson, Milford 

'Charles T. Stearns, Winchendon Frank A. Alvord, Fitchburg 

nV. H. Hinman, Fiskdale W. E. Walton, Wesifield 

*G. E. Rice, Springfield F. E. Mole, Adams 

•John White, Pittsfield O. B. Wood, Turners Falls 
*J. V. Severance, Shelburne Falls 

TDecc.iscd. JPresenl as Past S. V. Commander-in-Chief. 

36 Thirty-third National Encampmerrt 



^Austin S. Cushman, New Bedford *John D. Billings, Cambridgeport/84 

1866-7 *John W. Hersey, Springfield, 1885 

A. B. R. Sprague, Worcester. 1868 fRichard F. Tobin, 1886 

Francis A. Osborne, Boston, 1869 Charles D. Nash, Whitman, 1887 
tjames E. Bates, 1870 Myron P. Walker, Belchertown,'88 

tWilliam Coggswell, 1871 George L. Goodale, Medford, 1889. 

tA. B. Underwood, 1873 °Geo. H. Innes, S. Boston, 1890 

*John W. Kimball, Fitchburg, 1874 Arthur A. Smith, Colrain, 1891 
JGeorge S. Merrill, Lawrence, 1875 *Jas. K. Churchill, Worcester, 1892 

Horace B. Sargent, San Monica, *Eli W. Hall, Lynn, 1893 

Cal, 1876-7-8 *Wilfred A. Wether bee. Boston, '94 
JJohn G. B. Adams, Lynn, 1879 *Joseph W. Thayer, Chelsea, i8;5 
tjohn A. Hawes, 1880 *Wm. P. Derby, Springfield, 1896 

*George W. Creasey, Chelsea, 1881 *John M. Dean, Fall River, 1897 
fGeorge H. Patch, 1882 Wm. H. Bartlett, Worcester, 1898 

Geo. S. Evans, Cambridgep't, '83 

MICHIGAN. (18.) 

Organized May 6, 1868. Reorganized January 22, 1879. 

Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 15,531 

^Commander Russell R. Peeler, Three Rivers 

^Senior Vice-Commander }. C. Bontecou, Petoskey 

^Junior Vice-Commander ... . S. H. Mallery, Lake Odessa 
Assistant Adjutant General . . . iC. V. R. Pond, Lansing 


*S. S. Babcock (at large), Detroit *John G. Berry, Vanderbilt 

William F. Atkinson, Detroit *F. C. Trowbridge, Detroit 
Frederick Bey, Ogden Centre S. H. Avery, Jackson 

W. D. Southworth, Grand Ledge J. J. Holmes, Eaton Rapids 

Daniel E. Birdsall, Hastings *Henry Spaulding, Hartford 

*D. B. K. Van Raalte, Holland *Alfred M. Apted, Grand Rapids 

W. W. Cook, Lansing *John McGivney, Howell 
*William Baird, Marine City William Smith, Lamb 

Jacob L. Ring, St. Johns, *N. M. Richardson, Lansing 
*Charles L. Brundage, Muskegon D. P. Averill, Manton 
*E. T. Carrington, West Bay City John R. Clark, Cheboygan 
* William J. Mears, Boyne Falls Hiram B. Hudson, Mancelona 

Curtis Buck, Ironwood Benoni Lachance, Mackinac Island 

^''Ren*' Barker, Reed City *James M. Greenfield, Flushing 
*Albert Dunham, Jackson Alvin Chapman, Bangor 

*Philip D. Miller, Schoolcraft A. G. Miller, Stockbridge 

N. H. Wal bridge, Grand Rapids Edwin Morgan, Manton 

tDeceased JPresenl as Past Commander-in-Chief. °Present as Past S. V. Command- 
er-in-Chief. gPreseiil as J. V. Com-mander-iu-Chief. 

Grand Army of the Republic 37 

MICHIGAN— Continued 


R. A. Alger, Detroit, Mich. '67 Michael Brown, Big Rapids, 1889 

HVilliam Humphrey, 1869 Henry M. Duffield, Detroit, 1890 

:C. V. R. Pond. Lansing. 1878-9 fCharles L. Eaton, 1891 
tA. T. McReynolds. 1880 *Henry S. Dean, Ann Arbor, 1892 

Byron R.Pierce, Grand Rapids,'8i 2 James H. Kidd, Detroit, 1893 
Oscar A. Janes, Detroit, 1883 *Louis Kanitz, Muskegon, 1894 

Rush J. Shank. Lansing, 1884 S. B. Daboll, St. Johns, 1895 

Charles D. Long, Lansing, 1885 *Wm. Shakespeare, Kalamazoo, '96 
John Northwood, New Lothrop, '86* Aaron T. Bliss. Saginaw, VV. S., '97 
LG. Rutherford, Hart. 1887 *Alex. L. Patrick, Detroit, 1898 

*\Vashington Gardner, Albion, 1888 


Organized Aug. 14, 1867. Re-organized Aug. 17, i88r. 

Number of members Dec. 3r, 1898, 6,862 

*Commander D. B. Searle, St. Cloud 

Senior Vice Commander G. S. Ives, St. Peter 

Junior Vice-Commander . . . . W. H. Harries, Cnletlonia 

'Asbistani Adjutant General . . . B. M. Hicks, Mnineapolis 

k K P R I- S K N T A 1 1 V RS A I .T K R N A I KS 

*Oeo. H. Arnold (at large). Kasson C. H. Robinson, Waterville 

Charles Van Canipen, Rochester A. M. Ktnyon, Owatonna 

'A. I.. Sacketty, St. Peter S. M. Harrington, Marshall 

I- H. Fluke, Farmington L. H. Bryant, St. Paul 

Heniamiij Brack. St. Paul F. A. Carlson, Red Wing 

'Henry A. Norton, Minneapolis C O. Pierce, Minneapolis 

'Jamts A. Grey, Dululh William Denny, Anoka 

*H. F. Ziracher, Crookston M. D. Manning, Wilimar 


H. (t. Hicks, Minneapolis. 186S Alphonse Barto, St. Cloud, 1.S89 

*H. A. Castle, Washington, D. C, James Conipton, St. Paul, 1890 

1872-3-4 ^-Charles D. Parker, 1S91 

.\dam Marty, Stillwater. 1881-2 L. M. Lange, M.irshall, 1892 

/.fohn P. Kea. Minneapolis, 1S83 *John Day Smith, Minneapolis, 1893 

^E. C. Babb, 1884 Sanil. R. \'an Sant, Winona, 1S94 

R. A. Becker. St. Paul, 1885 °1CII Torrance, Minneapolis, 1895 

William Fnomis. Mankata, 1886 J. J. McCardy, St. Paul, 1896 

L. L. Wheelock. Owatonna, 18S7 F. B. Wood. Long Prairie, 1S97 

James H. P2g*^, Minneapolis. 188.S *E. W. Mortimer, Minneapolis. 1SS9 

T Decease 1. U'rescut as J. \'. (?oininaii(ler-iti-('liic('. il'ie^eut .is Past Coiiiiuaiulci-in- 
Chict'. "Present .'IS J iifl>;e All vocalc ficiicral. 

38 Thirty-third National Encampment 


Organized May 16, 1867. Re-organized April 22, 1882. 

Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, ^ 12,819 

^Commander John W. Scott, Moberly 

*^Senior Vice Commander J. G. Zimmerer, St. Louis 

*Junior Vice-Commander W. D. Sigler, Kirksville 

^Assistant Adjutant General . . . Thomas B. Rodgers, St. Louis 


*T. H. Hagerty (at large), St. Louis T. J. Ferril, Wellsville 

*0. C. Snyder, Kirksville *Sol Boehm, St. Louis 

Charles C. Burge, Bevier John T. Birdseye, Nevada 

*\V. F. Henry, Kansas Ciiy Joe Morgan, Kahoka 

*J. W. Eldridge, Springfield Jacob B. Harper, Unionville 

J. F. McDonald, Macon D. W. Pollock, Powersvilie 

*E. C. Brott, Brookfield E. W. Carter, St. Louis 

^Martin Scherer, St. Louis John W. Toppass, Chillicothe 

J. S. Rodgers, Cameron *E. W. Green, Sedalia 

*C. A. Mosman, St. Joseph James McMillen, Boonville 

*C. N. Brooks, Kansas City M. G. Netherton, Bancroft 

*William Niehaus, St. Louis G. W. Travis, Cape Girardeau 

*A. McKinney, Pierce City Jacob Fisher, Cedar Hill 

*Isaac Leeper, Kingston A. Kermpinsky, Wellsville 


tWm. Warner, Kansas City. '82-3 C. W. Whitehead, Kansas City, '92 
W. F. Chamberlain, Hannibal, 'S4 ^Charles G. Burton, Nevada, 1893 
fNelson Cole, St. Louis, 1885-6 *Louis Grund, St. Louis, 1894 

fE, E. Kimball, 1887 *Louis Benecke, Brunswick, 1895 

fHiram Smith, Jr,, 1888 Thomas B. Rodgers, St. Louis, '96 

John E. Phelps, Springfield, 1889 *John P. Piatt, Kingston, 1897 
*Leo Rassieur, St. Louis, 1890 *A. G. Peterson, St. Louis, 1898 

*George W. Martin, Brookfield, '91 

MONTANA. (37.) 

Organized March 10, 1885. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 449 

Commander C. B. Miller, Helena 

Senior Vice-Commander J. S. Wisner, Anaconda 

Junior Vice-Commander J. D. Eaton, Kalispell 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . L. D. Beary, Helena 


*H. S. Howell (at large) Helena J. L. McElroy, Bozeman 
A. N. Bull, Ennis G. J. Hennebury, Buite 

tDeceascd. ^Present as Past Commander-in-Chief. 

Grand Army of the Republic 
MONTANA— Continued 



Thomas P. Fuller, Helena, 1885 
Charles S. Warren, Butte, 1886 
ElaC. Walters, Billings, 1887 
Junius G. Sanders, Helena. 1888 
Jas. E. Callaway, Virginia City, '89 
Ed. F. Ferris, Jefferson, 1890 
Harr>' C. Kessler, Butte, 1891 

John L. Sloane, Missoula, 1892 
J. O. Gregg. Great Falls, 1893 
Peter R. Dalman, Butte, 1894 
Robert E. Fisk, Helena, 1895 
Lester S. Wilson, Bozeman, 1896 
Thad C. Davison, Anaconda, 1897 
W. H. H. Dickinson, Missoula, '98 

NEBRASKA. (17.) 

Organized June 11, 1877. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 

*Commander John E. Evans, North Platte 

*Senior Vice-Commander John Reese, Broken Bow 

Junior Vice-Commander Robert S. Wilcox, Omaha 

*Assistant Adjutant General . . . Winslow H. Barger, Lincoln 




M. !.. Hay ward (at large) 

Nebraska City 
*J- B. Ferguson, Lincoln 
*J 0. Moore, Palmyra 
*Thomas Hebbert, Adams 
*\V. H. Widerman, Norfolk 
*L. \V. Raber, Omaha 
*William Phillips, Superior 

Lee S. Estelle, Omaha 
*A. J. Minor, Nelson 
J. E. Kirkpatrick, Grand Island 
J. L. Rewey, Wisner 
J. Driesbach, Omaha 
E. Reisenger, York 
A. Traynor, Omaha 


Paul Vandervoort, Omaha, 1S77 
*J. \V. Savage, 1879-80 

S J. Alexander, Lincoln, [S81-2 
*H. E. Palmer, Omaha, 1S84 
*A. V. Cole, Hastings, 1S85 
John M. Thayer Lincoln, 188O 
*H. C. Russell, Schuyler, 1887 
W. C. Henry, Fairmont, 1888 

T. S. Clarkson, Omaha, 1890 
Joe Teeters, Lincoln. 1891 
C. J. Dflworth, Lincoln, 1892 
fAlonzo Church, 1S93 
Church Howe, Auburn, 1894 
C. E. Adams, Superior, 1895 
J. H. Culver, Milford. 1896 
John A. Ehrhardt, Stanton. 1897 

S. H. Morrison, Nebraska City, '89 Thomas J. Majors, Peru, 1S9S 

40 Thirty-third National Encampment 


Organized June 30, 1868. Number of members Dec 31, 1898, 3,854 

♦Commander H. L. Worcester, Rochester 

♦Senior Vice-Commander D. E. Proctor, Wilton 

♦Junior Vice-Commander A. C. Haines, New Market 

♦Assistant Adjutant General . . . Frank Battles, Concord 


♦Henry E. Conant(at large), Concord Thomas M. Lang, Concord 
♦Joseph Parker, Plymouth Dennis County, Rumney 

♦John W. Snow, Sutton Clark Waters, Manchester 

♦H. E. Currier, Littleton Orlando G. Burtt, Hillsborough 

*E. M. Hawes, Manchester Warren W. Lovejoy, Littleton 


Matthew T. Betton, Portsmouth, JJohn C. Linehan, Penacook, '83-4 

1867 M. M. Collis, Portsmouth, 1885 

fWiiliam R. Patten, 1868 fGeorge Farr, 1886 

Daniel J. Vaughan, Cambridge, Otis C. Wyatt, Tilton, 1887 

Mass., 1S69 fA. B. Thompson, 1888 

Jas. E. Larkin, Everett, Mass. ,'70 James F. Grimes, Hillsborough, '89 

Aug. H. Bixby, Francestown, ♦Thomas Cogswell, Gilmanton,'90 

N. H., 1871 ♦Everett B. Huse, Enfield, 1891 
Wm. H. Trickey, Claremont, '72 Daniel Hall, Dover, 1892 
fTimothy W. Challis, 1873^4 Frank G. Noyes, Nashua, 1893 

Alvin S. Eaton, Nashua, 1875 David R. Pierce, Fargo, N. D., '94 

Charles J. Richards, Chicago, Chas. E. Buzzell, Lakeport, 1895 

111. , 1876-77-78 Lewis W. Aldrich, Westmorel'd '96 

fGeorge Bowers, 1879-S0 ♦James Minot, Concord, 1897 

Martin A. Haynes, Lakeport, '81-2 ♦A. S. Twitchell, Gorham, 1898 


Organized Dec. 10, 1867. Number of. members Dec. 31, 1898, 6,114 

♦Commander George Barrett, Camden 

♦Senior Vice-Commander E. V. Richards, Trenton 

♦Junior Vice-Commander Joseph Colyer, Jr., Newark 

♦Assistant Adjutant General » . . H. L. Hartshorn, Camden 


♦Jas. A. Morrisse (at large) Palerson Leon J. F. I^roze, Newark 

♦Bishop V\^ Mains, Trenton J. H. Putman, Rah way 

♦Gilbert P. Robinson, Jersey City William H. Day, Plainfield 

♦R. D. Brower, Milburn W. C. Pasco, Vineland 

♦Silas W. Volk, Camden Robert Edgar, Jersey City 

♦James Devine, Newark Edwin Marsh, EHzabeth 

♦Abraham Lower, Point Pleasant Isaac Inslee, Wootl bridge 

tDeceased. Jl^esent as Past J. V. Commander-in-Chief. 

Grand Army of the Republic 41 

NEW JERSEY— Continued 


+E. Jardine, 1868 E. Burd Grubb, Edgewaler, 1888 

tWilliam Ward, 1869-70 *W. B. E. Miller, Camden, 1889 
^Richard H. Lee, 1871-2 A. M. Matthews, Orange, 1890 

*CharIes Burrows, Rutherford, '74-S*J. R. Mullekin, Newark, 1891 
E. W. Davis, Newark, 1876 R. A. Donnelly, Trenton, 1892 

+]ohn Mueller, 1877-8 H. L. Hartshorn, Camden, 1S93 

*Samuel Hufty, Camden, 1879 *John Shields, Flemington, 1894 

^George \V. Gile, 1880 *H. S. White, Red Bank, 1895 
*Chas. H.Houghton, Jersey City, *8i*E. C. Stahl, Trenton, 1896 

*Geo. B Fielder, Jersey City, '83 fEmanuel Sands, 1897 

*H. M. Nevius Red Bank, i884'5 *Samuel G. Hayter, Bloomfield, '97 

♦Frank 0. Cole. Jersey City. 1886 *William C. Smith, Plainfield, 1898 
+John L. Wheeler, 1887. 


Organized July 14, 1883. Number of members Dec. 31 , 1898, 143 

Commander George W. Knaebel, Santa Fe 

Senior Vice-Commander George Carter, Raton 

Junior V^ice-Commander James L. Morris, Thornton 

Mssistant Adjutant General . . . William M. Berger, Santa Fe. 


Tho^. Harwood (at large), Henry M. Davis, Albuquerque 



^Henry M. Atkinson, 18S3 S. W. Dorsey, Denver, Col., 1.S92 

^E. \\\ Wynkoop, 18S4 W. H. Wliitman, Sinta Fe, 1893 

E. S. Stover, Albuquer(|ue, 18S6 G. W. Knaebel, Santa Fe, 1S94 

J. Y. Hewitt, White Oaks, 18S7 T. W. Collier. Raton, 1S95 

T Francis Downs, 18S8 John C Bromegem, E. Las Vegas, 
-John H. Mills, 1889 1896 

L H. Rudisille, White Oaks, 'S9 tl'rancis Downs, 1897 
A. M. Whitcomb, Albuquerque, '9o*Leverett Clarke, Albucjuerque, '98 
^\^ p. P'ountain, 1891 

NEW YORK. (5.) 

Organized April 3, 1867. Number of members Dec. 31, 1S98, 34,526 

*Commander Joseph W. Kay. Brooklyn 

^Senior Vice-Commander John S. Maxwell, Atnsterdani 

^Junior Vice-Commander Jerre Gross, Owego 

^Assistant Adjutant General . . . Nathan Munger, Albany 

t Deceased. 

42 Thirty-third National Encampment 

NEW YORK— Continued 


*Lewis'E. Griffith (at larg^e), Troy *Horace D. Ellsworth, Canton 

W. S. Newman, Hornellsville James Owens, New York City 

*Chas. H. Wickham, Binghampton E. G. Tully, Manhattan 

*James D. Bell, Brooklyn Albert E. Scott, New York City 

^Christopher Smith, Buffalo Thos. J. Kiernan, New York City 

*N. P. Pond, Rochester W. Q. Huggins, Sanborn 

*J. K. Hood, Delhi Daniel F. Crowley, New York City 

^Thomas Moore, New York City J. H. Jenkins, Mount Vernon 

^George W. Stanley, Batavia A. M Keener, Newark, N. Y. 

*David Isaacs, Niagara Falls John Grobe, Buffalo 

*C. S. Conger, Gouveneur George C. Althisar, Port Jervis 

*D. S. Brown, New York City R. A. Rotchi, Peekskill 

*A. H. Spierre, Albany E. A. Wheeler, Waterville 

*T. K. Williams, Tonawanda William H. Hodge, Brooklyn 

*Matt Ellis, Yonkers John McKenaie, Lansingburgh 

*A. B. Wheeler, Middletown J, Berry, New York City 

*P. H. Conklin, Penn Yan James McKenna, Brooklyn 

*C. M. Woolsey, Milton Joel Wilson, Nyack 

*J. A. Andrews, Salamanca H. S. Bunce, Troy 

*E. M. Clark, Utica Moses Bourdon, Chazy 

*John Conway, Jamestown John B. Van Wie, Coxsackie 

^Thomas Moore, Oswego Harry Draper, New York City 

*M. J. Cummings, New York City Andrew Stern, Hamburg 

*I. G. Manning, Poughkeepsie Tobias Berry, Clarence Centre 

*C. A. Shaw, Brooklyn H. C. Dunham, Greenpoint 

*Crumby Bolton, Lansingburgh J. P. Foster, Geneva 
*Robt. h. HeiKerty, New York City Charles Leet, Delphi 

*W. H. Raymond, Canandaigua Joseph Heppworth, Whitesboro 

*James R. Gibbs, Saratoga Robert McAnnally, Buffalo 

*Benjamin Bodijie, Port Richmond John M. Sangster, Brooklyn 

*F. P. Frost, Elmira John P. O'Brien, Brooklyn 

*F. P.* Tibbitts, Ithica, Ferdinand Levy, New York City 

*[ohn Campbell, New York City James Shanahan, Buffdo 

^Charles Umbrecht, Syracuse David W. Lee, Orange, New Jersey 

*P. S. Biglin, Great Kills P. O. G. M. Moore, Mechanicville 

*Isidore Isaacs, New York City D. S. Bennings, Morrisonville 


tjames B. McKean, 1866-7 H. Clay Hall, 18S4. 

^Daniel E. Sickles, New York City Ira M. Hedges, Haverstraw, 1884 

1868-9 Joseph I. Sayles, Rome, 1886 

tjohn C. Robinson, 1S70 Geo. H. Treadwell, Albany, 1S87 

fHenry A. Barnuni, 1871 72 N. Martin Curtis, Ogdensburg, *88 


Grand Army of the Republic 43 

NEW YORK— Continued 

Stephen P. Corliss, Albany. '73-4 * Harrison Clark, Albany, 1889 
tjohn Palmer, Albany, 1875 tP*loyd Clarkson, 1890 

*]ames Tanner, Washington, D. C. *Charles H. Freeman, Corning, 1891 

1876-7 *Theo. L. Poole, Syracuse, 1892 

Wm. F. Rodgers, Buffalo, 1878 *Jos. P. Cleary, Rochester, 1893 
tjames McQuade, 1879 . *John C. Shotts, Yonkers, 1894 

L Coe Young, Binghampton, 1880 *Ed. J. Atkinson, N. York City, '95 
tAbram Merritt, 1881 *James S. Graham, Rochester, 1896 

*Jas. S. Frazer, New York City, '82 *Albert D. Shaw, Watertown, 1897 

John A. Reynolds, Rochester, '83 *Anson S. Wood, Wolcott, 1898 


Organized April 23, 1890. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 610 

*Comminder William Ackerman, Grand Forks 

Senior Vice-Commander . . . . . George W. Irwin, Ellendale 
Junior Vice-Commander J. L. Richmond, Minnewaukan 

*Assistant Adjutant General . . . William H. Brown, Grand Forks 


*F. \V. Xurnburger (at large) E. G. Baldwin, Oakes 

Wahpeton P. P. Chacey, Fargo 
*H. ]. Rowe, Casselton 


Harrison Allen, FaFgo, 1888 J. M. O'Neill, Grand Forks, 1894 

'Geo B. Winship, Grand Forks, '90 A. P. Rounsevell, Larimore, 1895 
U*. A. Bentley, Bismark, 1891 Wm. H. Brown, Grand Forks, '96 

S. G. Roberts, Fargo, 1892 *E. C. Gearey, Fargo, 1897 

John I). Bhck, Valley City, 1S93 Edwin Southard, Grafton, 1898 

OHIO. (4.) 

Organized Jan. 3, 1S67. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 28,501 

*Commarider Thomas R. Shinn, Ashland 

*Stnior Vice Commander Peter P. Laughlin, Youngstown 

*)unior Vice Commander Eli Davis, Sidney 

*Assistant Adjutant General . . . O. F. Crall, Ashland 


*R L.Alibritain (at large) Columbus Daniel Chestnut, Columbus 
*John Kissane, Cincinnati John A. Ziegler, Cincinnati 

*Conrad Liner, Cincinnati John W. Frazee, Cincinnath 


Dtctascd. ^Present as Past Commander-in-Chief. 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

OHIO— Continued. 


*N. B. Tubbs, Hamilton E. H. Rodgers, Springboro 

"*€. M. Hassler, Dayton Amos S. Jones, Dayton 

Joshua L Yeo, Xenia I. T. Confarr, Clifton 

S. W. Pickerill, Ripley *T. J. Hudson, Ripley 

*B. H. Millikan, Washington C. H. John T. Raper, Chillicothe 

W. S. Matthews, Columbus 
*Charles H. Newton, Marietta 
*W. W. McDonald, Logan 
* David Laken, Columbus 
*S. W. Durflinger, London 
*J. Cory Winans, Troy 
*T. H. Jones, Lima 

]. W. Tilton, Marysville 
*Julius Bracher, GaHon 
*M. M. Murphy, Mt. Vernon 
^\V. P. Mulvane, Newcomerslown 

E. T. Petty, Barnesville 
*\V. H. Surles, East Liverpool 
*H. C. Martindale, Burbank 
*\V. S. Krake, Ravenna 
"^Richard King, Chardon 
*John O. Winship, Cleveland 
^Charles Chandler, Elyria 

E. W. Rutherford, Mt. Blanco 
Asa Fawcett. Plantsville 
E. B. Bingham, Wellston 
G. C. Boyer, Circleville 
Thomas £. Lott, Springfield 
H. Livingston, Greenville 
T. VV. Prentiss, Leipsic 
W. W. Snodgrass, Kenton 
Nathan Marble, Sunbury 
*M. B. Deshong, Ashland 
J. K. P. Ferrell, Urichsville 
Stewart Harris, Cambridge 
G. B. Aten, VVellsville 
E. E Scranton, Alliance 
E. H. Turner, Youngstown 
G. M. Brown, Conneaut 
S. B. Fowler, Cleveland 
Newton Chalker, Akron 

*Alex. S. Oliver, St. Soldiers Home J. M. Chaffse, Norwalk 
*J. J. Brim, Woodville Guy C. Wearing, Bowling Green 

*J. L. Pray, Whitehouse F. P. Wilson, East Toledo 

*J. R. Oldfield, Montpelier J. O. Fisher, Defiance 


tB. F. Potts, 1866 *R. B. Brown, Zanesville, 1885 

tThomas L. Young, 1867 Arthur L. Conger, Akron, 1886 

?]. W. Keifer, Springfield, '68-9.70 fD. C. Putnam, 1887 

tWilliam C. Bunts, ICS71-2 
G. M. Barber, Cleveland, 1873-4 
Alvin C. Vorhis, Akron, 1875 
t\V. Earnshaw, 1876-7 
tNathan L. Guthrie, 1878 
*James H. Seymour, Akron, 1878 
tjames H. Steedman, 1879 

David W. Thomas, Akron, i83o 
tJohn S. Kountz, Toledo, 1881 

J. W. O'Neill, Lebanon. 1888 
S. H. Hurst, Chillicothe, 1889 
P. H. Dowling, Toledo, 1890 
A. M. Warner, Cincinnati, 1891 
*Isaac M. Mack, Sandusky, 1892 
L. H. Williams, Ripley, 1893 
E. E. Nutt, Sidney, 189+ 
Chirles Townsend, Athens, 1895 
E. L. Lybarger, Spr. Mountain, '96 

Chas. T. Clark, Columbus, 1882-3 '^Henry Kissinger, Dayton, 1897 
H. P. Lloyd, Cincinnati, 18S4 -David F. Pugh, Columbus, 1898 

fDeceased. JPrescHt as Past Commander-iu-Chief. {^Present as Past J. V. Command- 

Grand Army of the Republic 45 

OKLAHOMA, (44.) 

Organized August 29, 1890. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 1,09a 

Commander . . J. J. S. Hassler, Enid 

Senior Vice- Commander I. N. Rush, Stroud 

Junior Vice-Commander C. C. Andrews, Ponca 

^Assistant Adjutant General . . . J. E. Burns, Kingfisher 


]. G. Unger (at large), Enid C. M. Crocker 

J.C. White, Oklahoma City A. A. Lee, Enid 


C. M. Barnes, Guthrie, 1890 H. G. Trosper, Oklahoma City, '95 

+G.A. Coulten, 1891 W. H. Cater, Columbia, 1896 

*J. P. Cummings, Kingfisher, 1893 C. R. Young, Guthrie, 1897 

Thomas H. Soward, Perry, 1894 *G. D. Munger, Oklahoma City, '98 

OREGON. (26.) 

^ Organized Sept. 28, 1S82. Number of members Dec. 31, 1S98, 1,827 

Commander H. T. Gates, Hillsboro 

Senior Vice-Commander Wyatt Harris, McMinnville 

Junior Vice-Commander Julius Priester, Oregon City 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . J. E. Mayo, Portland 


*A.\V. France (at large), Oregon City H. S. Allen, Portland 

'A. J. Goodbrod, LaGrande A. Verrington, Eugene 

*A. C. Sloan, Portland E. \V. Midlam, Oregon City 


N. S. Pierce, Portland, 1882 O. Summers, Portland, 1891 

G. K. Cankin, Portland, 1SS3 H. H. Norlhriip, Portland, 1892 

•^F. J. Babcock. 18S4 J. C. Cooper, McMinnville, 1893 

F. H. Lamb, San Francisco, Cal., S. B. Orrnsby, Salem, 1894 

1SS5-6 E. \V. Allen, Portland 1S95 

M. L. Olmstead, Baker City, 1S87 D. C. Sherman, Salem, i»96 

/\. E. Borthwick, Portland, 1S88 Frank Reisner, Eugene, 1S97 

H. B. McElroy, Salem, 1SS9 *Chas. P. Holloway, Portland, 1S9.S 
+ lames A. Varney, 1890 



Thirty-third National Encampment 


Organized Jan. 16,. 1867. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 30,829 

^Commander James F. Morrison, Philadelphia 

^Senior Vice-Commander Charles H. Hall, Wilkes-Barre 

*Junior Vice-Commander Fred M. Yeager, Reading 

♦Assistant Adjutant General . . . Henry I. Yohn, Philadelphia 



*Chas. Miller (at large), Franklin 
*Daniel Bussinger, Germantown 
*Edwin Walton, Philadelphia 
*Moses Morey, Scranton 
*\V: H. H. Gore, Athens, 
*J. M. Rhoads, Milton 
Levi G. McCauley, West Chester 
*W. H. Collingwood, Pittsburg 
*J. B Duble, Williamsport 
*John Westbrook, Huntingdon 
*James McCormick, Philadelphia 
*R. A. Dempsey, Bradford 
*C. C. Fawcett, Braddock 
*C. E. Applebaugh, Altoona 
*Charles Roessner, Philadelphia 
*John A. Fairman, Allegheny 
*Richard J. Baxter, Philadelphia 
*Daniel Fisher, Oil City 
♦John Dettis, Pittsburg 
*C. A. Gosner, Easton 
♦J. S. Edgar, Allegheny 
♦Newton Black, Butler 
♦George W. Schoch, Mifflinburgh 
♦J. H. Druckemiller, Lehighton 
♦D. W. Miller, Lebanon 
♦E. L. Schroeder, York 
♦Samuel R. McDowell, Media 
*L. C. Bortree, Moscow 
♦H. D. Potts. Harrisburg 
♦T. H. Cole, Erie 
♦George A. Tripple, Lancaster 
♦A. C. Koser, Mechanicsburg 

♦L. T. Borchers, Warren 
Frank J. Totten. Pittsburg 
Wm. E. Jones, Philadelphia 
J. W. Pry, Burgettstown 
H. C Demming, Harrisburg 
R. N. Martin, Renovo 
H. T. John, Mt. Carmel 
J . R. Cressinger, Sunbury 
Thomas B. Beyer, Houtzdale 

F. C. Eckenberger, Catasauqua 
Thomas F. Sinex, Mauch Chunk 

G. G. Campbell, Greensburg 
W. N. Reynolds, Tunkhannock 
Frank F. Reed, Mahanoy City 
J. G. Burgess, Mehoopany 

J. Price Wetherill, Bethlehem 
Philip R. Kirk, Bryn Mawr 
L. C. Fosnot, Watsontown 
J. R. Cullingsworlh, Chester 
John Dougherty, Philadelphia 
S. L. Graham, Saltsburg 
Wendell Miller, Pittsburg 
G. G. Lindsay, Marietta 
S. M. Jackson, Apollo 
P. DeLacy, Scranton 
Francisco Durham, Philadelphia 
G. D. Runk, Clearfield 
S. C. Bratton, Newport 
A. J. Ackerley, Waverly 
V. S. Barker, Ebensburg 
John Brackenridge, Steelton 
George F. Bailey, Norristown 

t Deceased. 

Grand Army of the Republic 47 



iLouis Wagner, Philadelphia, '66-7 F. H. Dyer, Detroit, Mich., 1884 

A. L Pearson, Pittsburg, 1868 *Auslin Curtin, Milesburg, 1885 
^O.CBosbyshell, Philadelphia, '69 tj. P. S. Gobin, Lebanon, 1886 
iRobt. B. Bealh, Philadelphia, '73 tSamuel Harper, 1887 
tA. Wilson Norris, 1874 t^rank J. Magee, 1888 

WW. Tyson, Erie, 1875 °Thos. J. Stewart, Norristown, 1889 

Mames W. Latta, Philadelphia, '76 tJoseph F. Denniston, 1890 
^Samuel I. Givin, Phila., 1877 *George G. Boyer, Harrisburg, 1891 

^Charles T. Hull. Athens, 1878 *John P. Taylor, Reedsville, 1892 
'Geo. L Brown, Minersville, 1879 *Thomas G. Sample, Allegheny, '93 

Chill W. Hazzard, Monongahela *Wiiliam Emsley, Philadelphia, 1894 

City, 1880 *H. H. Cumings, Tidioute, 1895 
Tjohn Taylor. 1S81 * Alfred Darte, Wilkes-Barre, 1896 

^John M. Vanderslice, Phila., 18S2 *\V. D. Stauffer, Lancaster, 1897 

E. S. Osborne, Wilkes Barre. 1883 *\V. J. Patterson, Pittsburg, 1898 

POTOMAC. (14.) 

Organized Feb. 13, 1869. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 2,713 

^Commander Calvin Farnsworth, Washington 

"Senior Vice-Commander Geo. H. Slaybaugh, Washington 

"Junior Vice-Commander A. B. Grunwell, Washington 

'Assistant Adjutant General . . . B. F. Chase, Washington 


"H. F. Bingham (at large) H. C. Saunders, Washington 

Washington J. S. Hoover, Washington 

"Fred Fowler, Washington W. E. Post, Washington 

"John C. S. Burger, Washington J. Madison Cutts, Washington 
'Convis Parker, Washington 


Frank H. Sprague, Washington, *Chas. P.Lincoln, Washington, '88 

1873-4 *Wm. S. Odell, Washington, 1SS9 
lienj. F. Hawkes, Washington,'76 *M. Emmett Urell, Washington, '90 
*A. H.G. Richardson,Washint'n,'77*J. M. Pipes, Washington, 1891 
Geo. E. Corson, Washington, '78 A. F. Dinsmore, Washington, 1S92 
Harrison Dingman, Washingt'n,*79*S. E. Faunce, Washington, 1893 
Charles C. Royce, Chico, Cal., '80 *Nathan Bickford, Washington, '94 

'William (iibson, Washington, '81 ^Marion T. Anderson, Wash't'n, '95 

rSaml. S. Burdett, Washington,'82-3*John McElroy, Washington, 1896 
D. S. Alexander, Buflfalo, N.V., '84 Thos. S. Hopkins, Washington, '97 

^.Vewlon M Brooks, Washington, '85*Arthur Hendricks, Washington, '9S 

-Jerome B Burke, Washingt'n, '.S6-7 

*£>«>€ eased. JFresenl as Past Commander-in-Chiel. ^Present as Adjutant General. 

48 Thirty-third National Encampment 


Organized March 24, 1868. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 1,978 

*Comman'der Charles O. Ballou, Providence 

*Senior Vice-Commander Walter A. Read, Providence 

^Junior Vice-Commander .... Charles P. Moies, Central Falls 
^Assistant Adjutant General . . . Philip S. Chase, Providence 


*Gilbert Wilson (at large), Thomas J. Griffin, Providence 

Providence A. Manchester Hussey, Providence 

*Cyril P. Thornton, Apponaug Lewis T. Clawson, W^esterly 
*Erdix F. Dustm, Providence 


fAmbrose E. Burnside. 1868 ^Eugene A. Cory, Phila., Pa., 1885 

Horatio Rogers, Providence, 1869 *Theo. A. Barton, Providence, 1886 
Chas. R. Brayton, Providence, '7o-i*Benj. L. Hall, Bristol, 1887 
°Elisha H. Rhodes, Providence, '72-3*Gideon Spencer, Providence, 1888 
t Ed win Metcalf, 1874 Alonzo Williams, Providence, 1889 

tEdwin C. Pomeroy, 1875 *Benj. F. Davis, Pawlucket, 1890 

Chas. H. Williams, Providence, '76 Benj. H. Child, Providence, 1891 
*Henry J. Spooner, Providence, '77 *David S. Ray, E. Providence, 1892 
*Fred A. Arnold, Providence, '78 fGeorge T. Cranston, 1893 
Henry R. Barker, Providence, '79 "^Charles H. Baker, Bristol, 1894 
Chas. C. Gray, Providence, 1880 Daniel R. Ballou, Providence, 1895 
tWilliam H. P. Steere, 1881 nVm. E. Stone, Providence, 1896 

Henry F. Jenks, Pawtucket, 1882 *Livingston Scott, Woonsocket, '97 
:{: Philip S. Chase, Providence, 1883 *Sanil. W. K. Allen, E. Greenwich, 
*Andrew K. McMahon, Newport,'84 1898 


Organized March 20, 1883. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 2,112 

^Commander William L. Palmer, Carthage 

*Senior Vice-Commander A. B. Connor, Hot Springs 

*]unior Vice-Commander W. B. North, Watertown 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . Asher F. Pay, Huron 


*J. B. Wolgemuth (at large) Mitchell ]. S. Pratt, Spearfish 

Henry Wyttenbach, Sturgis T. C. Dejean, Plankinton 

*]ames S. Sebree, Pierre *M. P. Stroupe, Aberdeen 

fDeceased. tPrcseni as Assistant Adjutant General. °Present as Past S. V. Command- 

Grand Army of the Republic 49 



tThomas S. Free, 1883-4 G. W. Carpenter, Watertown, 1894 

W. V. Lucas, Chamberlain, *85-6 *S. R. Drake, Plankinton, 1895 

*Harrison Allen. Fargo, N.D., '87 tjohn Ackley, 1896 
S. F. Hammond, St. Paul, Minn. '88 John F. Baker, Hermosa, 1897 
George A. Silsby, Mitchell, 1889 C. B. Clark, Deadwood, 1897 
C. S. Palmer, Sioux Falls, 1891 E. P. Farr, Pierre, 1898 

N. C. Nash, Canton, 1893 


Organized Feb. 26, 1884. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 1,795 

*Commander H. Crum bliss, Kingston 

Senior Vice-Commander I. B. Z-egler, Knoxville 

*Junior Vice-Commander John Trindle, Chattanooga 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . JFrank Seaman, Knoxville 


*Chas. \V. Biese (at large) George W. Patten, St. Elmo 

Chattanooga M. M. Harris, Knoxville 

*D. R. Samuels, Knoxville M. F. Millican, Rockwood 
*D.M. Coflman, Rockwood 


tEdward S. Jones, 1885 fH. C Whiitaker, 1892 

E. E. Winters, Macon, Ga., 1886 JFrank Seaman, Knoxville, 1893 
Wm. J. Ramage, Knoxville, 1887 W. E. F. Milburn, Greenville, 1894 
William Rule. Knoxville, 1888 nVilliam J. Smith, Memphis, 1895 
A. H. Pettibone, Greenville, 1889 H. B. Case, Chattanooga, 1896-7 
*Chas. F. MuUer, Paris, France, '90 W. H. Nelson, Backwoods, 1898 
A J. Gahagan, Chattanooga, 1891 

TEXAS. (38.) 

Organized March 25, 1885. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 652 

Commander . . John Roch, Dublin 

■*Scnior Vice-Commander C. C. Haskell, Denison 

Junior Vice-Commander J. J. Weiler, Dallas 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . J. C. Bigj^er, Dallas 


*;. X. Diehl (at large). Ft. Worth D. Mackay, Dallas 
*John L. Tygard, Denison W. H. Catts, Granbury 

'Deceased. ^Present as Member Council of Administration. 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

TEXAS — Continued 


W. D. Wylie, Dallas, 1885 
O. T. Lyon, Sherman, 1886 

tW. H. Sinclair, 1887 

tJ. C. DeGress, 1888 
A. G. Malloy, El Paso, 1889 
A. K. Taylor, Houston, 1890 

*M. \V. Mann, Dallas, 1891 

to. G. Peterson, 1892 
J. W. Parks, Dallas. 1893 

*R. M. Moore, San Antonio, 1894 
W. W. Bostwick, Denison, 1895 
G. W. McCormick, Dallas, 1896 

*Edwin Ketchum, Galveston, 1897 

*W. F. Conner, Dallas, 1898 

UTAH. (33) 

Organized October 8, 1883. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 216 

^Commander M. M. Kaighn, Salt Lake City 

*Senior Vice-Commander D. C. McGill, Ogden 

Junior Vice-Commander % . . . . Geo. H. Chappell, Provo 
Assistant Adjutant General . . . Francis M. Bishop, Salt Lake City 


DeWitt C. McGill (at large), Ogden Allen Allensworth, Salt Lake City 


t George C. Douglass, 1883 
tRansford Smith, 1884 

H. C. Wardleigh, Ogden, 1885 
tElijah Sells, 1886 
tEli H. Murray, 18S7 
fNathan Kimball, 1888 
; Henry T. Snyder, Ogden, 1889 

Henry Page, U. S. A., Cuba, '90 

Frank Hoffman, Salt Lake City, '91 
tJ. R. Elliott, 1892 
John W. Greenman, Peel, Ore., 93 
Thomas C. Iliff. Salt Lake City, '94 
C. O. Farnsworth, Salt Lake City ,95 
M. M. Kellogg, Provo, 1896 
Thos. C. Bailey, Salt Lake City, '97 
Norman Ives, Ogden, 1898 

VERMONT. (13) 

Organized October 23 1868. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 4,111 

^Commander Franklin G. Butterfield, Derbyline 

Senior Vice-Commander G. O. Smilh, Chelsea 

Junior Vice-Commander J. H. Kimball, Montreal, Que. 

*Assistant Adjutant General . . . K. Richmond, Newport 


nV. H. Gilmore (at large) Fairlee W. H. Taylor, Bellows Falls 

*R. O. Sturtevant, Swanton H. E. Perkins, St. Albans 

*J. E. Eldridge, Randolph Thomas Hannon, Brattleboro 

]. C. Baker, Rutland E. M. Haynes, Rutland 

J. S. Thompson, Lyndon C. H. Woodbury, St. Johnsbury 


Grand Army of the Republic 51 

VERMONT— Continued 


tGeorge P. Foster, 1868-9 *H. E. Taylor, Brattleboro, 1888 

\Vm. VV. Henry, Quebec, Que., '70 i A. S. Tracy, Middlebury, 1889 

+\V. G. Veazey, 1872-3 T. M. Mansur, Newport, 1890 

Stephen Thomas, Montpelier, 74-5 D. L. Morgan, Rutland, 1891 
Theo. S. Peck, Burlington, 1876-7 Hugh Henry, Concord, N. H., 1892 

*J. H. Goulding, Wilmington, '78-9 Geo. W. Doty, Morrisville, 1893 
Geo. \V. Hooker, Brattleboro, '8o-i*C. F. Branch, Amherst, Mass., '94 

*A. B. Valentine, Bennington, *82-3 B. Cannon, Jr., Bellows Falls, 1895 
C. C. Kinsman, Rutland, 1884 *N. M. Puffer, Bennington, 1896 
W. L. Greenleaf, Burlington, 1885 *E. W. Jewett, Swanton, 1897 
Geo.T. Childs, St. Albans, 1886 L. B. Harris, Lyndonville, 18:8 
P. D. Blodgett, St. Johnsbury, 1887 


Organized July 27, 1871. Number of members Dec. 31. 1898, 1,092 

^Commander John W. Rutter, Portsmouth, Va. 

^Senior Vice-Commander Edward Mitchell, Richmond, Va. 

^Junior Vice-Commander E. M. Houston, Winchester, Va. 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . A. A. Hager, National Home, 

D. V. S.,Va. 


^Peter A. Morton (at large ) Richm'd Dred Smith, Portsmouth 
*R. G. Griffith, Yorktown, Va. D. J. Chavers, Richmond. 


^W. N. Eaton, Portsmouth, 1874 J. W. Woodman, Portsmouth, '87-8 
tW. H. Appenzeller. 1875-6 fR. P- Wheeler, 1889 

^William Ryder, Portsmouth, 1877 N. J. Smith, Richmond, 1890 
tR. G. Staples, 1878 *H. B. Nichols, Norfolk, 1891 

*Richard Bond, Ft. Monroe, Va.,*79 JEdgar Allan, Richmond, 1892 
'A. B. Hurlburt. Phila., 1880 *T. T. Whilcomb, Elizabeth City, 

rW. Hervey King, 1881 N. Carolina, 1893 

P. T. Woodfin, (jOV. National *Joseph G. Fulton, Ft. Monroe, 1894 
D. V. S., Va., 1882-3 Jas. E. Porter, Pittsburg, Pa., 1895 
*B. C.Cook, Richmond, 1884 H. W. Weiss, Emporia, Va., 1896 

tH. DeB. Clay, 1885-6 *John W. Stebbins, Norfolk, 1897 

James M. Davis, Richmond, 1898 


Organiaed June 20, 1883. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 2,362 

^Commander • J. W. Langley, Seattle 

Senior Vice-Commander W. A. Inman, Colfax 

Junior Vice-Commander R. B. Scott, Spokane 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . J. H. Wilson, Seattle 

tOecea&ed. ^Present as Past J. V. Commander-in-Chief. 

52 Thirty-third National Encampment 



*W. H. Harlan (at large), Seattle J. Keller, Springdale 

*Byron Phelps, Seattle J. H. Leiter, Colfax 

*D. F. Decatur, Mt. Vernon M. C. Cole, New Whatcom 


fGeorge D. Hill, 1883 DonG. Lovell, Tacoma, 1891 
tH. A. Morrow, 1884 J. S. Brown, South Bend, 1892 . 

A. M. Brooks, Seattle. 1885 fj- F. Sinclair, 1893 

C. M. Holton, N. Yakima, 1886 fJ. N. Scott, 1894 
A. P. Curry, Spokane, 1887 Norman Buck, Spokane, 1895 

tJ. W. Sprague, 1888 C. T. Patterson, S. Tacoma, 1896 

S. G. Cosgrove, Pomeroy, 1889 John F. McClain, Walla Walla, 1897 

M. M. Holmes, Seattle, 1890 Geo. W. Tibbetts, Issaquah, 1898 


Organized April 9, 1868. Re-organized February 20, 1883. 

Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 1,366 

♦Commander C R. Lavalley, Huntington 

♦Senior Vice-Commander Arnold Brandley, Elkins 

♦Junior Vice-Commander M. B. Bartlett, Parkersburg 

Assistant Adjutant General . . . G. W. Hutchinson, Huntington 


*J. L. Buckley (at large), Parkersb'g T. C. Miller, Morgantown 
*W. H. Glover, Terra Alta A. C. Scott, Independence 

*L. A. Martin, Charleston R. B. Taylor, Parkersburg 


W. H. H. Flick, Martinsburg,'82-3 *I. H. Duvall, Wellsburg, 1891 
C. B. Smith, Parkersburg, 1884 Charles E. Anderson, Weston, 1892 

tjohn Carlin, 1885 Anthony Smith, Wick, 1893 

G, W. Taggart. Parkersburg, 1886 F. H. Crago, Wheeling, 1894 
fLee Haymond, 1887 Richard H. Lee, St. Albans, 189S 

♦R. E. Fleming, N. London, Pa., '88 Romeo H. Freer, Harrisville, 1896 
S. S. Hazen, Parkersburg, 1889 Thos. A. Maulsby, Fairmont, 1897 
Geo. J. Walker, Jackson C. H.,'90 *Richard Robertson, Wheeling, '98 

t Deceased 

Grand Army of the Republic 53 


Organized June 7, 1866. Number of members Dec. 31, 1898, 10,563 

*Commander Henry Harnden, Madison 

*Senior Vice-Commander S. H. Tallmadge, Milwaukee 

*Iunior Vice-Commander B. N. Robinson, Baraboo 

^Assistant Adjutant General . . . Charles A. Curtis, Madison 


Geo. W. Morton (at large), Berlin C. E. Morley, Viroqua 

*D. J. Dill. Prescott T. W. Morefield, Elkhorn 

*Tbcodorc Riel, Burlington John W. Ganes, Lowell 

*A. H. Hollister, Madison *0. J. Burnham Richland Centre 

*E.R. James, DeSoto George H. Chase, Milwaukee 

*Thomas Boland, Milwaukee Charles Silberzahn, West Bend 

*M. L. Snyder, Waukesha William Walker, Oshkosh 

*\V. DeSteese, Fond du Lac D. B. Rock wood, Tomah 

A. H. DeGroff, Nelson J. W. Evans, Waupaca 

Frank Schmidt, Hortonville Geo. W. Sutherland 

*C. Werdcn Deane, Antigo D. L, McKay, Chippewa Falls 

Robert Ingl is, Bayfield John W. Jones 


James K. Proudfit, Kansas City, *P. Cheek, Baraboo, 1883-4 

Mo., 1866 tJames Davidson, 1885 

^H. H. Starr, 1867 *H. P. Fischer, Milwaukee, 1886 

tj. M. Rusk, 1868 *M. Gritfin, Eau Claire, 1887 

T. S. Allen, Oshkosh, 1869-70 ^A. G. Weissert, Milwaukee, 1888-9 

Edw. Ferguson, Milwaukee, '71-2 L. Ferguson, Brandon, 1889 

M.J. McCoy, 1873 B. F. Bryant, LaCrosse, 1890 

G. A. Hanaford, Chicago, 111., W. H. Upham, Marshfield, 1891 

1874-5 *C. C. Welton. Madison, 1892 

tjohn Hancock, 1876 A. E. Shores, Ashland, 1893 

*H. G Rogers, Milwaukee, 1877 J- A. Watrous, Milwaukee, 1894 
SF. Hammond, St. Paul, Minn. ,'78 W. D. Hoard, Ft. Atkinson, 1895 

G.J.Thomas, Harvard, Neb., D. Lloyd Jones, Milwaukee, 1896 

1879-80-81 *E. B. Gray, Madison, 1897 

H. M. Enos, Waukesha, 1882 *C. H. Russell, Berlin, 1898 

rDeceased. ^Present as Past Commander-in-Chief. 

The Senior Vice- Commander-in-Chief read his address as follows: 

54 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Address of Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief. 

After a lapse of twenty-three years, we again " Pitch our 
Tents '* and ** Light our Camp Fires " within the gates of this 
historic old city of Philadelphia, and to-day assemble in the 
capacity of the Thirty-third National^Encampment of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. As we enter within the walls of this 
loyal city, well named the " birthplace of our Republic," we 
are deeply impressed with the precious memories of the early 
history of our Country which cluster around it. We are upon 
historic ground, made sacred by the blood and sacrifices of our 
patriotic forefathers in the establishment of this Country, as a 
free and independent Nation. 

But a few blocks removed, stands the* old Independence 
Hall, in the main, as it stood upon that glorious Fourth of 
July, 1776, when, within its portals fifty-six of the most de- 
voted and fearless advocates of Freedom and Liberty the world 
has ever known, bravely affixed their names to that immortal 
document, that forever established this nation as the " Land of 
the free " and " Home of the brave." Within whose walls 
also were held sessions of the Continental Congress, from 
which ffowed the patriotic eloquence of a Patrick Henry, send- 
ing terror to Briton's band and arousing the devoted patriots 
of the Colonies to greater activity and daring, the thundering 
echoes of which have resounded down through the decades, 
as an inspiration, ever prompting America's sons to deeds of 
valor and heroism, in defense of those God- given rights and 
privileges of l^^reedom and Liberty. There also hangs the 
old " Liberty Bell," dear to the heart of every American, 
priceless in value, which pealed forth in joyful tones to the 
Colonies, reverberating throughout the inhabited world, that 
the act was performed which made America's soil from thence, 
henceforth and forever, free. In this city, our glorious old 
banner, the Stars and Stripes was first given to the breezes of 

Grand Army of the Republic 55 

Heaven, as the proud symbol of justice, freedom and equal 


Surely, if Philadelphia is not the ** Cradle of Liberty," 
she is the " Mother of Liberty,** for she it was, who " rocked 
the cradle *' of the infant Nation, and nourished it to become 
one of the foremost among the Nations of the world. In 
dose proximity are to be found Valley Forge, Trenton, N. J. 
Germantown. all of Revolutionary fame. I have mentioned 
but few of the many features of interest to be found here, di- 
rectly connected with the early history of our Country. It is 
most fitting that this great patriotic organization, the Grand 
Array of the Republic, should meet upon this sacred spot. 

We hold our Thirty-third National Encampment of the 
Grand Army of the Republic within the borders of this great 
commonwealth, Pennsylvania, whose varied resources have 
added so much to the wealth of the Nation, and whose un- 
wavering loyalty and devotion to her Country's best interests 
have ever placed her in the front rank of the great States of 
the Union. More than 300,000 of her lo\'al sons answered the 
call to arms in 61-65, and did valiant and heroic service for the 
preservation of the Union. Witliin her borders is located the 
;^rcatest battlefield of the world, where hundreds of <^ranite 
monuments stand, telling of American valor and heroism on 
the bloody field of (lettysburg, where, led by Pennsylvania's 
noble sons, Meade, Hancock and Reynolds, secession and re- 
bellion were given a decisive blow which hurled them back in 
'iefeat. with broken columns, dismayed and disheartened, with 
thinned ranks, but at a heavy cost, yet it opened the way for 
tinal triumph, and made possible the matchless and unparalled 
victories that followed, the glories of which reached their culmina- 
ti'>n at A[)pomattox. Truly the men who compose the Grand 
Army of the Republic have lived and acted in a most eventful 
ami important period of the world's histor\'. The Hag that 
we followed, and beneath whose folds we fouL^ht, and which 
we brought back in triumph from four years of bloody war, is 
to to-day the grandest banner that floats o'er land or sea. We 

$6 Thirty-third National Encampment 

made it the banner of Liberty and Union ; the " Yank '* and 
"Johnnie " of the sixties and their sons, in 1898 made it also 
the banner of humanity. 

The patriotism taught and exemplified by the Grand 
Army of the Republic has already borne rich fruit, which we, 
who survive, enjoy, and induces our people generally to view 
with more pleasure and interest the coming together of our 
organization in annual reunion. 

We meet to-day with hearts filled with gratitude to our 
Heavenly Father, that the lives of so many of our comrades 
have been spared to meet once more, under such favorable 
auspices in this beautiful City of " Brotherly Love " that is 
according us a welcome, and tendering a hospitality never 

When one year ago I was elected and assumed the duties 
of the office of Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, little did I 
think, that as such, I would be called upon to ** perform the 
duties " and discharge the obligations of the office of Com- 
mander-in-Chief of this great organization, and stand before 
the Thirty-third National Encampment to present a report as 
Senior Vice and Acting Commander-in-Chief. It is the first 
time in the history of our Order that such duties hiave ever 
fallen upon that officer, which came through the sad and un- 
precedented event of the death of our lamented Commander- 
in-Chief, Col. James A. Sexton, which occurred upon Sunday, 
February 5th, 1899, in Washington, while faithfully serving 
upon an important commission to which he had been appointed 
last September by the President of the United States, the 
duties of which were about completed at the time of his death. 
His illness was of comparatively short duration, and was 
serious from the first, foreboding sad results. Through the 
kindness of Comrade Hendricks, then Department Commander 
of the Department of Potomac, I was frequently advised as to 
the condition of the Commander-in-Chief. The last information 
received prior to announcement of his death, was to the effect 
that symptoms were more favorable, and strong hopes indulged 

General Orders, ^ Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic, 

V Independence Hall, 

No. 5. J Philadelphia, February 6, 1899. 

I. The Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief announcea with sadness the death of our 
beloved Commander-in-Chief, 


who died at the Garfield Memorial Hospital, Washington, D. C.,on Sunday, February 
5th, 1899. When the summons came it found him ai the post of duty set ving as a mem- 
ber of the Commission ai pointed by the President of the United States to investigate 
the conduct of the War with Spain. As a soldier, citizen and comrade he performed 
with conspicuous fidelity every duty devolving upon him, and dischnrgcd with fnith- 
falness every trust committed to his care. He\%asour leader, and filled the hiKhest 
station to which we could call him, and worthily enjo>ed the highest honor the Grand 
Army of the Republic could confer. Noromrade or soldier was more thoroughly rep- 
re«entative of the Rreat comradeship of the War for the suppiession of the kebellicn. 
We honored ourselves when we honored him, and now that ne has been called to the 
lileot bivouac of the dead, let all comrades join in paying fitting tribute to his memory . 


Prepared'J^ Executive Commitlee of ike National Council of Administration and 

read at funeral. 

The oflScial family of th« Commander-in-Chief bid farewell to this casement of a 
splendid liie that has rone. 

The martial ardor of a heroic boy of seventeen years, marching to the front on these 
greets in April. 1861, the glorious pride of the First Lieutenant three months after- 
wards, the gallant head of a regiment in the historic Nashville campaign, the efficient 
and ttustea StaA' Officer of one of our famous MaiorfGenerals. the chivalrous courage 
in the assault on a famous fort, the w>iunds received in the shock ofbatlle have stamped 
thr lovable aoul as a typical American Volunteer Soldier. 

The record of a planter, the arduous labors of a manufacturer, the eminently faithful 
•iischarge (>f the duties of many great civil trusts place bis name high on the sciolls of 
sdccessful enterprise and honorable citizenship. 

The record of the comrade, the Post Comniandei. the Department Commander, and 
«he Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic ; always helpful in example, 
wi«e in council, eloquent in speech, amiable in disposition, and conspicuous in action, 
I hallenee^ our admiration and bids us emulate his life. 

Called to a high position of responsibility by the President of the United Slates, he 
ri.unHed up the battle of life in the capital of his conntiy. true to the trust rej-ostd in 
him. and went away in the night when our brave boys at Manilla, w ilh shot and shell 
were carrying the flag forward, and telling all ihewoild his Icsbons of paliiolisni had 
not been lauftht in vain. 

McMuned by all who knew him, his b'cr bedecked with flowers placed on it by the 
hands of the great, we the comrades of his official family, add our :.-.emorial of fl -weis. 
as a last token of our respect for his lofty patriotism, sterlinjr intejji ity. and boaulilul 
vompanionship The world has lost a friend. Good bye unii' God's time. 

[From Addresn of W. C. Johnston, Senior Vice Cornmander-in-Chitf.] 

(.'••miade .lames A. Sexton, elected one year ago to the Commander-in-Chicfship, dic-d 
Frbruarysih. 1899. In his death the (nand Anny loses one of il-» most hoiioicd. loval. 
active members He was born January ^^th, 1844. entered the service of his country 
\pnl 19th, 1861. and served continuously until the close of the ^^ar. His n-coid as a 
v>l<lier wa<« a proud and brilliant one. as was also his record as a citizen, havinj^j filled 
maiiv po«;itionH of public trust and responsibility with fidelity and honor. As a TiuMnhf r 
<»f the errand Army of the Republic he was ever faiilifnl in the pei lorinance of all <luiies 
incumbent upon him. He loved the Grand Army of the Republic, and by his waim- 
hearted genial comradeship endeared himself to all. 

Grand Army of the Republic 57 

in that he would recover, These encouraging words were fol- 
lowed the next day by the announcement of his death. The 
sad intelligence reaching me at one o'clock P. M., Sunday, 
February 5th ; I immediately wired condolence to family, and 
assumed command, and issued General Order No. 5, officially 
announcing the death of our beloved Commander-in-Chief, 
and directing that Department and Post Headquarters, and 
Charters, National, Department, and Post colors, all be appro- 
priately draped, and that all National Department and Post 
Officers wear the badge of mourning for sixty days from date 
of his death, announcing also time and place of interment, 
and charging the Department Commander of Illinois with the 
duty of furnishing proper funeral escort. I officially attended 
the funeral obsequies held in Memorial Hall, Chicago, on 
February 8th, where, with the assistance of Department Com- 
mander, J. C. Black, Columbia Post, and comrades of other 
Posts present, the funeral ceremonies, in accordance with our 
Ritual, were properly and appropriately performed. 

The Department of Illinois, under the direction of Com- 
mander Black (Columbia Post having immediate charge), had 
most fittingly and elaborately made all necessary arrangements 
for the solemn exercises. The floral tributes were elegant, 
profuse, and in harmony with the tender sympathies and im- 
pressiveness of the sorrowful occasion. 

On behalf of the National Officers and Staff, the Executive 
Comrtiittee provided a floral design, and took action, expressive 
of their high esteem of the noble dead, with fraternal sympathy 
for the bereaved family, in a beautifully worded tribute, which 
was read by Comrade Sterrett, of the Executive Committee. 

Thus, with tender loving words and sorrowing hearts, the 
last sad rites were performed and with ceremonies and tributes 
befitting his high station in life, our Commander-in-Chief, Col. 
James A. Sexton, was laid to rest in the bosom of the city he 
loved and had served so well. 

The office of Commander-in-Chief then being without an 
incumbent, and there being no clearly defined provision in the 

58 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Rules and Regulations as to the exact " status " of the position 
or action under the unprecedented circumstances to be taken 
by the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, no precedent having 
been established bearing directly upon the existing conditions 
as presented, and finding a diversity of opinion upon the 
question among many of the prominent and leading members 
of the Order as to the proper action that should be taken in 
the premises, a statement of facts was submitted to the Judge 
Advocate General, Hon. Ell Torrance, with request for an 
opinion, which was promptly rendered, and was to the effect 
that there was a ** vacancy " caused by the death of Col. Jas. 
A. Sexton in the office of Commander-in-Chief, that the sole 
power to fill such vacancy rested in the National Council of 
Administration — that the Executive Committee of the National 
Council of Administration, by virtue of the authority conferred 
upon it by the action taken at the Eleventh National Encamp- 
ment, held at Providence, R. T, had the power delegated to it, 
to act in the matter for the whale Council of Administration. 

After giving the question much consideration, and con- 
sulting with high authorities upon Grand Army law, I did 
not fully coincide with the opinion of the Judge Advocate 
General. The position occupied by your Senior Vice Com- 
niandcr-in-Chicf was one of a most delicate nature. The great 
expense involved in calling together the entire National Coun- 
cil of Administration, in whom I believed the sole power was 
invested (if there was in fact a vacancy), was somewhat appall- 
ing, and caused serious doubts as to whether such action would 
meet with the approval of the National Encampment, unless it 
could be clearly shown that it was absolutely necessary for the 
preservation of the life and continued prosperous and healthy 
existence of the organization. Such a condition I did not be- 
lieve existed. Therefore, in view of lack of harmony of 
opinions upon the question, and with an earnest desire that no 
action should be taken that would cause serious disturbance 
or discord within our ranks, with the best interests of our 
Organization in view, and at the same time desiring that only 

Grand Army of the Republic 5^ 

such action might be taken as would be in strict conformity 
to the Rules and Regulations, with a feeling that there was no 
emergency requiring hasty action, there being no limit fixed as 
to time such action must be taken — with an honest belief that^ 
as a mark of respect to the memory of our late Commander- 
in-Chief, no action whatever should be taken before the ex- 
piration of the time fixed for " Official Mourning " in General 
Order, No. 5 — I deemed it proper and advisable to allow the 
matter to rest for a time. However, at a meeting of the Execu- 
tive Committee of the National Council of Administration, held 
in Philadelphia on April 12th, the question was brought up 
and discussed, and as a result the following resolution was 

" Whereas, For the first time in the history of the Grand Army of 
the Republic the Commander-in-Chief has died while in office, therefore 
be it: 

Resolved^ That as a mark of respect to the memory of James A. 
Sexton, late Commander-in-Chief, the Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief 
shall continue to perform the duties of Commander-in-Chief, and the 
office of Commander-in-Chief shall remain without an incumbent until 
the meeiinjj ot the Thirty-third National Encampment." 

Believinj^, under the peculiar conditions existing, this to 
be a wise and judicious solution of the question, I fully and 
cheerfully concurred, and at once took up the woik with re- 
newed vij:;or, realizinj^ fully the responsibility thus imposed, 
with a determination to brin^ my best efforts and abilities, 
to^^etlier with dee[)est devotion to tiie performance of the sacred 
duties thus devolvinc,^ upon me. 1 have tried honestly, faith- 
fully and conscientiously to administer its affairs, and perform 
ail the duties incumbent upon the office as they presented 
themselves to me. 

I have devoted much time to the work, have visited man\' 
Posts and Reunions. Durin<^ the month of Ma\', officially 
visited the Department Encampments of Missouri, Illinois, 
Wisconsin and Indiana ; during the month of June, the En- 
campment of Ohio. Everywhere I have found the member- 
ship active, enthusiastic and in a healthy condition, and have 

6o Thirty-third National Encampment 

been received most cordially, and been given a comrade's 
hearty greeting and welcome. In this work I have been most 
efficiently assisted by Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief Ross, 
who has cheerfully responded to every call and officially 
visited many of the Eastern Departments it was not possible 
for me to reach. Comrade Ross has ably assisted and sus- 
tained me in all matters pertaining to the work. 


Members in good standing June 30, 1898 305,603 

Gain by Muster in . . 7,542 

*' ** Transfer 3,718 

" ** Re-instatement 12,257 

from Delinquent Reports 4,715 

( ( 


Total Gain 28,233 

Aggregate 333,836 

Loss by Death 7,994 

" Honorable Discharge 7,054 

*' Transfer 3.866 

Suspension 22,952 

Dishonorable Discharge 107 

Delinquent Reports 9,366 

" Surrender of Charter 513 

Total loss • . 45,855 

Members remaining in good standing June 30, 1899 . . 287,981 


I herewith submit a general statement of the finances with all bills paid 
up to date. For itemized statement see Quartermaster General's Report. 

Cash. Dr. 

Received from Charles Burrows, Q. M. G. Oct. 7, 1898. 

General Fund $1,790 29 

Southern Memorial Fund 1,465 H5 

Grant Monument Fund 5,777 69 

Sherman Memorial Fund 226 65 

$9,260 48 

Received from James A. Sexton, Com-inChief, 

contribution from W. R. C J2,000 00 

Int. on S. Mem. Fund to Apl. 11, 1899 . 21 99 

Grant Mem. Fund " . 86 67 

Sherman Mem Fd ** . 3 40 

Con'tion W. R. C. " . 30 00 

U. S. Bonds to July 1, 1899 ... 640 00 

from Sale of Supplies 5,149 93 

Per Capita Tax 7.357 00 

Contributions lor Mem. Day 1899 . 1.759 21 

17,048 20 

Total $26,308 68 

K (4 

Grand Army of the Republic 6i 

The interest on the different funds have been credited to their respec- 
tive funds. 

Expenditures. Cr. 

For Memorial Day 1899 ^1,306 63 

For Supplies 4,095 88 

For traveling expense 1,398 08 

For salaries. 3,301 33 

For postage, stationery and incidentials 4,534 31 

^14,636 23 

Total balance on hand |1 1,672 45 


( Credited to funds indicated. ) 

Cash General Fund ^1,607 62 

" Grant Monument Fund 5,864 36 

'• Sherman Memorial Fund 230 05 

" Southern Memorial Fund 1,940 42 

Contribution Fund W. R. C 2,030 00 


Total cash ^11,672 45 

Value of supplies on hand (cost) 1.099 94 

Gun metal in hands of J. K. Davison • 239 20 

Lithograph stones 20 00 

Electrotypes • 9 00 

513.040 59 

United States Bonds, 4 per cent, due 1907, par value f KJ.OOO 00 


Another year in the life of the Grand Arniy of the Repub- 
lic has been registered, and with its close there comes to us, 
as we pause to take a retrospective view of the past before 
entering upon the threshold of the new year, the sad realiza- 
tion that our ranks are being rapidly diminished by death. 
Many who answered the roll-call one year ago have received 
their final discharge and passed over to join the •'silent majority." 
A large proportion of our membership is rapidly entering the 
shadows of the evening of life, and each recurring year will 
witness a more rapid decrease in our numbers. During the 
past year we have lost by death 7994 comrades, three of 
whom were present or Past National officers. 

62 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Comrade James A. Sexton, elected one year ago to the 
Commander-in-Chiefship, died February 5th, 1899. In his 
death the Grand Army loses one of its most honored, loyal, 
active members. He was born January 5th, 1844, entered the 
service of his country April 19th, 1861, and served continu- 
ously until the close of the war. His record as a soldier was 
a proud and brilliant one, as was also his record as a citizen, 
having filled many positions of public trust and responsibility 
with fidelity and honor. As a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic he was ever faithful in the performance of all 
duties incumbent upon him. He loved the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and by his warm-hearted genial comradeship 
endeared himself to all. 

Comrade Rev. Thomas C. Warner, Past Chaplain-in-Chief 
G. A. R., died at his home in Knoxville, Tenn., July 19th, 
1899. Comrade Warner enlisted in the service June 28th, 
1 86 1, at the age of eighteen, serving with his command until 
March 25 th, 1863, when he was discharged on account of a 
severe wound received at the battle of Fredericksburg. He 
was a brave soldier and excellent citizen, an enthusiastic mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic. He was elected to 
the position of Chaplain-in-Chief at the Twentieth National 
Encampment, which position he filled with much honor. In 
his chosen profession he was a minister of recognized ability 
and power. As a citizen, he was intensely loyal in defense of 
those principles for which he had fought ; as a comrade of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, he was active and devoted, an 
eloquent speaker, was always in demand at the camp-fire, 
never failing to delight the old veterans and leave lasting im- 
pressions of true patriotism in the minds of his audience. He 
was a generous, noble-hearted comrade, a true friend, and fear- 
less in his defense of the right under all circumstances. 

Comrade George K. Mallory died at Parkersburg, W. Va., 
July 14th, 1899. He was a member of the National Council 
of Administration, serving the present yean He was a good 

Grand Army of the Republic 63 

soldier and citizen, a true comrade of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, in which he served as an officer, as well as a devoted, 
earnest worker in the ranks. 


At no time in the history of our Order has Memorial Day 
been so generally, sacredly and patriotically observed as that 
of the year just past — not only within our immediate borders, 
but in Alaska, where many of our Comrades have turned their 
attention during the past two years — Hawaian Islands, City of 
Mexico, and in the Dominion of Canada. In all the above, 
the exercises were largely attended by all classes of citizens 
and were of a most impressive character ; so also, in Cuba, 
Porto Rico and far away Manila, for the first time, interesting 
and appropriate exercises were held, in which the public gener- 
ally participated. In Canada, more than usual interest was 
manifested, where the military and civic societies, as well as 
many prominent citizens and officials took pride in assisting in 
the observance of the day, thus signalizing, more forcibly, the 
brotherly sentiment between the two great English speaking 
nations, and the friendship evinced towards our Country in 
such unmistakable terms during the late Spanish War, which 
has more firmly united these two countries than ever before. 

I am pleased to inform you that .throughout the southern 
portions of our Country, Memorial Day was more generally 
observed with a greater degree of solemnity and interest, which 
perhaps, more than anything else, demonstrates that the un- 
pleasant recollections of the War are rapidly passing away. 

Many of our comrades fell, and now, peacefully rest on 
southern soil. In such locations, impressive exercises were 
held to commemorate their devotion, loyalty and patriotism. 
In many of these services, those against whom we fought were 
observed lending a kindly hand in strewing with flowers, the 
jjraves of the brave heroes whom they had so courageously 
faced on the field of battle. 

64 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Contributions to the Southern Memorial Day fund were 
aH follows : 

Iv^ntribuled from G. A. R. Posts $ 735 65 

•* by the W- R. C, the munificent 

sum of ... . 1028 56 

^1764 21 

I >l!ibursements to various Southern Depart- 
ments, and for Flags 1306 65 

Leaving a balance to credit of this fund . . . 1457 68 

Mags purchased 50,000 

" contributed by Courtland Sanders Post, 

No. 21, Dept. of Pa 144 

Total 50,144 

Shipped to Southern Departments 35,200 

Balance on hand, unused 14,944 

Throughout our Country generally, in every hamlet, vil- 
lage, town and city there was a renewed and increased interest 
taken in the observance of the day, which was intensified by 
the newly-made graves of the fallen heroes of the Spanish- 
American War, to which similar tributes of respect were rev- 
erently paid. Thus, should it ever be to the Nation's honored 
dead, making Memorial Day one of tender, loving memories, 
not only of the Veterans for the War of the Union, but of the 
noble, patriotic dead of the entire Nation. 

This beautiful custom of honoring the memorx of the 
dead, not by costly sacrifices, but by tenderly strewing the 
richest of spring flowers upon the grassy mounds, has in it so 
much of pure simplicity, genuine feeling and sentiment, and 
so much that appeals to the higher and better elements of our 
nature, that it must ever continue, as it has already become, 
the sacred day of patriotic citizenship. The Nation who 
honors the memory, and cherishes the devotion of its defenders, 
will not lack for support in any threatened danger or crisis. 


Commanders-in-Chief in the past have embodied in their 
reports many encouraging words for this organization. It has 
now successfully passed through the difficulties incident to 
young organizations and fairly settled down upon a more solid 

Grand Army of the Republic 65 

basis, with a more substantial and reliable membership. Hav- 
ing gone safely through the formation crisis and tested well 
its basis, methods and principles, it is in most excellent shape 
for a healthy, prosperous growth. Its object is a noble one. 
Into whose hands could we more safely place the sacred trust 
of carrying forward those great principles of patriotism, loyalty, 
love of country and her hallowed institutions (which we 
fought for and cherish so dearly), than into the hands and 
keeping of our sons and daughters. They are " bone of our 
bone" and ** flesh of our flesh," and are imbued with the 
spirit of their fathers. As a help to our Order in its declining 
years, they are devoted and their assistance invaluable. It 
seems clear to me that we should foster and encourage close 
relations with this splendid young organization. I trust such 
practical measures will be devised by our Order as will tend to 
strengthen, build up and encourage our " Sons of Veterans " 
to a still higher sphere of usefulness and citizenship. 

woman's relief corps. 

I cannot commend too highly the efficient work and in- 
valuable assistance rendered to our Order by that magnificent 
auxiliary organization, the Woman's Relief Corps. When we 
fully comprehend the full scope of the usefulnes and charitable 
work performed by this loyal, devoted, self-sacrificing band of 
noble women, in their varied fields of labor, and what has been 
and is being accomplished through their patriotic efforts, we 
can but express our gratitude and appreciation in highest 
meeds of praise. Page upon page might be written, and yet, 
the half would not be told. 

In every charitable and patriotic work of our Order, we 
ever find the Woman's Relief Corps to the front with willing 
hearts and hands, from the establishment of Soldiers' Homes 
down to the relief of the distressed old veteran and his family, 
no matter how obscure. I am impressed with the fact that 
hundreds of G. A. R. Po.sts would not to-day be in existence 


66 Thirty-third National Encampment 

but for the untiring labors of their Relief Corps. Upon Me- 
morial Day they are always present, and lend a helping hand 
by liberal contributions and otherwise. 

During the past year, the National Treasurer of the W. 
R. C, Mrs. Bagley, forwarded to our National Headquarters 
the munificent sum of $1,028.56 as a contribution from the W. 
R. C. to the Southern Memorial Day Fund. Besides their 
great charitable work, they are teachers of patriotism and 
loyalty to Flag and Country of the highest order, as demon- 
strated by their splendid work in our Public Schools. To 
them we are indebted for that beautiful and inspiring service 
now adopted in so many of the schools of our land — the 
"salute to the flag." 

Truly, the Woman's Relief Corps abounds in good deeds 
and good works. As the years go by and the infirmities of 
advanced age creep upon our membership, and the need of 
assistance grows more pressing, the more will the services of 
the W. R. C. be appreciated, and the brighter will their match- 
less deeds appear upon the imperishable pages of our history. 

I herewith give a statement tak^n from Report of the 
National Secretary's Report of the present year. 

No. of members, June 30, *99 141,930 

No of Corps 3,ir>6 

Amt. of money expended for relief, present year . . |G1,192 12 

Estimated value of relief, present year 60,648 82 

Amt. turned over to Posts 38,111 47 

Expended for Memorial Day 10 800 20 

** in Southern Dept. . . 1.028 56 

" \V. K. C. Home 8,794 77 

Making a total of over 5 180,000 expended for year, and 
making a grand total expended for relief since its organization 
to June 30th, 1899, of $1,873,991.71. 

Another organization of excellent devoted women who 
have aided materially in the charitable work of our Order is 
that of the Ladies of the G. A. R., who have in many places 
rendered valuable services, and deserve our sincere thanks. 

Grand Army of the Republic 67 


The question of Pensions, always one of vital interest to 
a large percentage of the membership of our Order, presents 
itself to this Encampment with perhaps a deeper significance 
than ever before. The far-reaching dissatisfaction and dis- 
affection as to the administration of this important department 
of the Government has, during the past year, found expression 
through resolutions adopted by many Posts, Reunions and 
State Encampments, most bitterly condemning the present 
administration of the Pension Office. The causes which have 
led up to this most unfortunate condition of affairs appear 
principally to have their origin in certain rulings, constructions 
and interpretations of existing pension laws dating back some 
years. It is urged that certain of these rulings, constructions 
and interpretations of the existing laws are not in full harmony 
with the intents and purposes of those who created and 
passed the laws. It is asserted that they are not a fair, liberal 
and just construction of the laws, and that in consequence of 
which a grave injustice has been and is being meted out to 
the old soldier and his dependent ones. It is also claimed 
that there is much delay in adjudication of claims. This feel- 
ing has existed for some years, and has steadily grown and 
gained strength each year. It had reached such a point at 
the meeting of the last National Encampment that it was 
deemed advisable to pass a series of resolutions expressive of 
the sentiment of the membership of our Order upon the ques- 
tion. During the past year this feeling has been intensified, 
outspoken and bitter. Large numbers of letters have been 
received at headquarters from comrades in different Depart- 
ments, touching and pathetic in the recital of their distressed 
conditions, circumstances and bitter disappointments in not 
receiving what they believed, under the laws, was justly and 
fairly due them, and which in so many instances was sorely 
needed to relieve distress and want. They sincerely believe 
a grateful people, through its generous government, have 
liberally provided, as a reward for faithful service rendered, 

68 Thirty-third National Encampment 

that which would be a source of relief in their declining years, 
when the effects of the severe hardships, exposures and endur- 
ance they have experienced, and willingly suffered in their 
young days of manhood in service of their country, would 
render them unable physically to provide for themselves and 

In view of the prevailing discontent that reached me 
from so many different parts of the country, and the gravity 
of the situation as presented, I gave the question much con- 
sideration, and after a correspondence with the Chairman of 
the Pension Committee, decided that it would be wise to have 
the Pension Committee of the G. A. R. meet in Washington, 
for the purpose of securing information, ascertaining as far as 
possible the grounds of the complaints contained in the hun- 
dreds of letters filed with the Committee, and such other 
knowledge as could thus be secured that would enable the 
Committee to prepare and present to this Encampment a 
complete report, based upon facts and conditions as they 
found them to exist. Accordingly, I directed Comrade R. B. 
Brown (Chairman) to call a meeting of the Pension Commit- 
tee, to convene in Washington on July nth, I2th and I3th^ 
the results of which meeting will be presented in the Report 
of the Committee to the Encampment. I desire to state in 
commendatian of the splendid, untiring, efficient services ren- 
dered by your Pension Committee, that they have conscien- 
tiously, faithfully and judiciously performed their duties, and, 
I am sure, after the Encampment has listened to the report of 
the Committee, it will be well advised upon this most impor- 
tant question and prepared to act intelligently and wisely in 
the matter. 

The following is a statement taken from the Annual 
Report of the Commissioner of Pensions for the fiscal year 
ending June 30th, 1899: 

Grand Army of the Republic 69 

Filed and allowed under General Laws, as follows: — 


Original Invalid , 1.412 3,624 

Widows, &c 6,184 4,246 

War with Spain 16.986 295 

Totals under General Laws 24,382 6,165 

Filed and allowed under Act June 27th, 1890:— 


Original Invalid 6,860 20,641 

'• Widows. &c 13.845 12,185 

Total. Act '90 20,705 32,826 

Increases General Laws 34,330 22.460 

Act June 27th, *90 . .31,770 25,603 

Total Increases 66,100 48,063 

Making a grand total as follows: — 

Total number filed under General Laws, Act June 27ih, 1890, 

and Increases 111,387 

Total number allowed under General Laws, Act June 27th, 1890, 

and Increases 89,054 

Total disallowed for fiscal year ending June 30ih, 1899 22,333 

Toul riumber of Pensioners June 30th, 1898 993,714 

'' " " 1899 991,519 

I>ecrease for year 2,195 


Dropped during fiscal year by de<ith 34,345 

" '' " remarriage, minors, failure to claim 
and other causes 8,841 

Total dropped during fiscal year 43,186 

Amount of Pension Appropriation $140,000,000 00 

Amount of Pension paid during fiscal year 138,253,922 91 

Balance unexpended $1,746,077 09 

The old soldiers ask only, that there be fair dealing and a 
just and f.iir construction of the laws, as intended by those who 
enacted them, and upon this basis there should be no question, 
no interpretation or construction of the Laws that deprives 

70 Thirty-third National Encampment 

them of the benefits thus provided. The amount paid for pen- 
sions is large, but not beyond the ability of the Government to 
pay, nor does it outreach the obligation or gratitude of the 
American people to those to whom it is paid. It should be 
remembered that the pension list contains many who are not 
claimants from the Civil War, 1 861-65, but includes all classes 
of pensions from the War of 18 12 down to the present time. 

I cannot believe that the good loyal people of this coun- 
try are so anxious for a reduction in the pension list and the 
amount paid out for pensions, that they would insist upon its 
being done, in a manner that would be unjust or unfair to its 
defenders. The cry of " great numbers of frauds upon the 
Pension Rolls," I believe has well nigh exhausted itself, and 
that, long ago, when the effort to establish that charge was 
largely a failure. I am sure the worthy old soldier is opposed 
to " Frauds," whether on the Pension Roll, or elsewhere. I 
believe he can always be found upon the side of right, justice 
and obedience to law, whether in the pension, or any other de- 
partment of this great Government. 


The question of the veteran in the public service is one 
that directly appeals to the Membership of our Order. How 
best to secure preferences in the appointment, promotion and 
retention in the public service favorable to those who did ser- 
vice during the War for the Union, and were honorably dis- 
charged, is a matter of deep concern to our comradeships 
there being no national laws favorable at present to such pre- 

Much thought and study has been given this important 
question. Suitable measures have been prepared and presented 
to Congress, but without success. To meet this condition, and 
provide positions and protection for Veterans of the War, the 
Thirty-second National Encampment, at Cincinnati, approved 
what was known as *' Senate Bill No. 3256," the text of which 

Grand Army of the Republic -i 

embodied in General Order No. 3, dated December ist, 1898, 
issued by our lamented Commander-in-Chief, Col. Ja^. A. 
Sexton, who referring to same said : 

"This bill passed the Senate April '26th, 199S, is on the Calendar iu 
the House of Representatives being favorably reported by Committee on 
Reform in Civil Service. Its passage of the House of Representatives 
and approval by the President is all that is needed to make this Bill a 
Law. The desire of the National Encampment will be complied with, if 
Department and Post Commanders and Comrades generally v^ill give this 
matter proper attention, and communicate their views and wishes to 
members oi Cqngress from their respective Congressional Districts.*' 

Unfortunately the Bill did not pass the House. Through 

the efforts of Comrade Kay, Department Commander of New 
York, and Comrade Walter Thorn, President of the Brooklyn 
War Veterans* and Sons* Association, President McKinley, 
on July 1 2th, 1899, issued an Executive Order to the 
Cabinet Officers which protects the veterans holding places 
in the Civil Service positions exempted from classifica- 
tion by his order of May, 29, 1899. There is no law by 
which veterans are preferred for appointments, except such as 
were discharged from service, for disability, sickness or wounds 
incurred in the line of duty. A comrade may have been 
wounded several times in action, but unless discharged from 
service on account of such wopnds, he has no preference for 
appointment under the the operation of the law. I, therefore, 
deem it proper to recommend that "Senate Bill Xo. 3256," or 
similar measure, be presented to 56th Congress and through 
the proper channel its passage secured, if possible, and to this 
end, I would recommend that a committee of five comrades be 
appointed by the incoming Commander-in-Chief. 


I am deeply impressed with the heavy losses to our 
Order, sustained by reason of •* dropped and suspended '' 
members. I fully recognize that a large number of our 
membership are financially in very moderate circumstances, 
and that the business depression which forced many of our 

72 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Comrades out of employment, has, in a large measure pre- 
vented payment of dues, this with the infirmities which come 
with advanced age, depriving many from attending Post Meet- 
ings, resulting in loss of interest in the Order, and accounting 
in considerable degree for such losses, yet I am of the opinion 
that a proper persistent effort upon the part of Department 
and Post Commanders, through a carefully adopted plan, or 
system, would be attended with good results in reclaiming and 
bringing back into the folds, as active members very many of 
those who have, and are now leaving our ranks. .1 believe no 
worthy old veteran of the War, 1 861-65, should be outside 
the ranks of the Grand Army of the Republic. I do not 
think he should deprive himself, or his family the honor that 
attaches to the wearing of the button and badge of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. 

I would urge upon Department and Post Commanders 
the importance of taking up this question, if not already done^ 
and making a systematic effort to enlarge and strengthen the 
membership list from this source. The day for securing new 
recruits seems now well nigh passed, and we can only look in 
the future for an increase from the '* dropped " list of member- 


The Spanish-American War, though short in its duration, 
has wrought some almost marvelous changes, and accom- 
plished some far-reaching magnificent results, in which the 
survivors of the Grand Army of the Republic have especial 
reason for rejoicing and satisfaction, and I might say, congrat- 
ulation. The cementing of the ties of National fraternity, the 
open recognition of the fact that we are one Nation with one 
Flag, and are a strong united people is especially gratifying. 
It has demonstrated to the world that the American soldier 
and sailor stands to-day, as ever, preeminent in intelligence, 
pluck, bravery, valor, patriotism and endurance, that our 
resources are varied and immense, and can be quickly utilized. 
Our boys of the Spanish-American War have nobly emulated 

Grand Army of the Republic 73 

the indomitable spirit of the boys of 1 861-65, and by their 
heroic services have added new strength and power to our 
Nation, and new glory to our flag. The exaltation of our 
Nation before the other powers and peoples of the earth, that 
they might more clearly see, and plainly understand that a 
Republican Government, strong in the affections of its people, 
armed with the sword of justice, and with broad sympathies 
for oppressed, down-trodden humanity is fully capable of main- 
taining itself in the front rank of the procession, and bearing 
in honor its share in the great work of extending the influence 
of liberty and humanity to the dark continents and islands ot 
the sea. The intimate relations which developed between the; 
"Stars and Stripes " and the " Union Jack," bringing together 
in a closer union, the two great Anglo-Saxon speaking Nations 
of the world. 

The Spanish- American War has also brought to the ' 
knowledge of the present generation in a practical way some 
appreciation of the hardships and sacrifices of the soldiers of 
1 861 -65. What has been history only to the present genera- 
tion, has now become an experience, from which they can 
more readily understand what they owe to the men living and 
dead, who fought through such a terrible conflict to preserve 
the Union and uphold the Flag. If so much hardship must 
be borne in a single Cuban campaign of three months by the 
American soldiers, what must those have endured who passed 
through a campaign of four years, not fighting Spaniards, but 
men of their own blood, courage and endurance ? The 
answering of this question has caused thousands of Ameri- 
cans, who have perhaps never done so before, to unite in the 
Memorial Day services of the past year, and tenderly lay a 
flower upon the grave of the Nations's heroic dead. 

In the consummation of the great work, the results of 
which have proven of inestimable benefits to this country, we 
are proud to record the fact, that among the principal actors 
are to be found the McKinley, the Alger, the Miles, the 
Shafter, the Dewey, the Sampson, the Schley, the Otis, the 

74 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Lawton, and many others, who are comrades of ours, and 
bear upon their breasts the unpurchaseable badge of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. We are proud also to record 
the fact that beneath the folds of the old " Stars and Stripes " 
stood the Wheeler, the Lee, the Butler, and many others, 
valiantly bearing aloft in the conflict the old Flag they once 
sought to destroy. 

A most commendable movement was inaugurated in the 
early part of the year by Lafayette Post, No. 140, Depart- 
ment of New York, and patriotically carried forward to a 
successful conclusion, which I deem worthy of more than a 
passing notice, reflecting as it does, not only great credit to 
Lafayette Post, but to our Order at large. Learning that there 
were located in our newly acquired territory — Porto Rico — 
548 Public Schools, and 38 Private Schools, this Post, at its 
own expense, purchased and forwarded to that island 600 
bunting, 4x6 United States flags, under the personal super- 
vision of Colonel Allen C. Bakewell, Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral United States Volunteers, who was charged by the Post 
with the patriotic duty of personally directing their distribu- 
tion to the Public Schools of that new United States territory. 
Colonel Bakewell sailed from New York with the flags on 
Novernber i6th, and returned December 26th, having per- 
formed the duties of his mission in a most satisfactory 
manner, receiving from those new American citizens a royal 
welcome and hearty co-operation, in which our Army Officers, 
then located there, participated with much zeal and enthus- 
iasm. The gratifying results that found expression through 
the many enthusiastic letters received from the citizens of 
Porto Rico, together with a very comprehensive report made 
by Colonel Bakewell of his most praiseworthy and splendid 
work, have been put in print and promulgated in a handsomely 
bound volume to many of the comrades of the different 
Departments, and should be read by every member of our 
Order, as well as every American citizen. These letters are 
filled with sentiments of patriotism, loyalty and gratitude. 

Grand Armv of the ReruMis: 7-^ 

/ :7 

Sdectiiig one as a tair sample, I read the following, signec by 
Inez Caparros Soier. a native school mistress at Ya-jco. PvXto 
Rico. U. S- A.: 

I3 rw^iTias: thi* das tiue «TmboIijift« liljertj ;UKi pn>eTvr« the §::**• 
fw2<ratioa -rf" f^rtr-five States, with ^evecty railM'.Kis of iubdkbitAni* all 
li-vis^ in Lftw aod democxaer. mj b«ar: t« dlini w::h :xn:o\i j<^y :u :VeIiDj: 
ihax in ivceiTic^ th£$ bnatifal imbletu. I am b«ei'inia^ bapriivti a> aq 
ABerkan. and tha« bccMaini: in fk^asess^oa ot ddl Iib«>rt:«» tlmt oor n^tv 
iuber cmmtrr enjoys, acd whUrh are ih^vse to which *;.e 01ns her zivjitneT!S. 
and ifc^ww'. aod ^^uos: which mast evercmmblealliTTanaocs i5>veTOmeatSw 

Please bear to Prrsvieiii McKinlej. the testimocy of oar procoand 
adaiiation for him penoullj. the gnmt leader i>i that onwani movemen: 
0^ kiUKui libertj. whose light t» being shed apoo us toniay : also to the 
greax AiDeriean people of whom we are so proad to call oorseives fellow- 
dtisns. to the adopted country oT LaLiyetie. immortal name that rec-aV.s 
to us many historic events of your independeooe war. Say to th<k?e who 
hare «en: us that Ua^. that it shall ever s:aau :a :he p\ioe c:* h^>«>>r in 
oar «eb«»u and that oar scholars sha'i be taaj:h: :o "..>ve a:r«l venerate it, 
tm^tia^Mir fathr-rs. s^ns and hr^^rhers to tleirn I :: .fcj:.i.::>: .i*I ener.iies 

May ibis beaatirnl star spansle*! bcinnrr rver w^.i^e ;■>-. rr :h«r !jkn.: »>:* :he 
free and the home of the bmve. and m.*y we ever l:\r ::r.der its :Vi'..t>." 

Of the many good deeds and patriotic err'orts of Lafayette 
Po>t, No. 140. oerhaos none will have oroveii oroiuctive and 
bear richer fruit in the strong impressions ma.:e, ani resi::ts to 
follow, than this one of presenting; to the schools of 1\ rt-^ 
Rico, the American llag, with the attending ceremonies. 
Such noble deeds are worthv of our hi;:hest coniniend.itio::. 


One of the unusual events of the year was the meeting 
of the Department Encampment o\ Vermont \n Montre.ii. 
Canada, on June 21st and 22d, being the firs: time in our h:-- 
toiy that a Def>artment Elncampment has ever been held out- 
side the borders of our country-. 

76 Thirty-third National Encampment 

A royal welcome was accorded our comrades by the 
people of Montreal. A rousing campfire was held on the 
evening of June 21st, which was attended by many of Her 
Majesty's prominent officials, who gave expressions of warmest 
friendly relations now existing between the two countries, sug- 
gestive of the flame of Anglo-Saxon unity which is spreading 
throughout the world. One prominent speaker said : *' The 
American Union owed the Grand Army Veterans a debt it 
never could pay, and the memory of their deeds must ever 
inspire loyalty and bravery in the hearts of America's youth." 
That the relations of peace and international friendship between 
Great Britain and the United States was almost a guarantee of 
the future peace and prosperity of the world : that the Grand 
Army in accepting the bounty offered by their Canadian com- 
rades had added one more link aud given increased strength 
to the chain of friendship connecting the two countries." 

Such expressions from prominent Canadians, and hospi- 
talities extended certainly leave no harmful results from the 
action of the Department of Vermont, in crossing the borders 
and holding their Encampment within the Dominion of 
Canada, especially at a point where Grand Army of the 
Republic Posts are located. 

Many distinguished citizens of this country were also 
present, and addressed the vast audience. The interchange 
of friendly expressions between the two countries was cer- 
tainly a matter of congratulation. 

This Encampmont was attended by Junior Vice Com- 
mander-in-Chief Ross, as the representative of National 


The success attending the earnest efforts of our comrade- 
ship in the introduction of systematic, patriotic teaching in 
our public schools is a matter of much gratification. It 
cannot be questioned but that the proper education along 
patriotic lines, instilling into the minds of the youth of our 

Grand Army of the Republic 

/ / 

land a higher and purer spirit of loyalt\% love of countr\- and 
flag, is one of the safeguards of our Nation, and of the 
highest importance to the future welfare of our countr\\ as 
well as the perpetuity of the cherished institutions of our 
land. It ennobles and prepares for the higher duties and 
obligations, and the proper exercise of the rights and privi- 
leges of American citizenship. 

How fitting it is that the Grand Army of the Republic, 
composed as it is of men whose valor and heroism saved 
the Nation, should, in the closing years of its existence 
have inaugurated this grand work, the results of which are 
far reaching, and cannot be measured in its bearings upon the 
future citizenship of our country. This work is receiving 
much attention from our Comrades of the Department of New 
York, to whom much credit is due, for the progress that has 
thus far been made. The V\^oman*s Relief Corps is assisting 
very materially in this work, especially through the means of 
the " Flag salute," which they have successfully introduced in 
many of the schools. 

Having learned that there were a number of members of 
the Grand Army of the Repulic as well as those eligible to 
membership, located in Porto Rico, Cuba, and the Phillipine 
Islands, and with a belief that the instituting of Grand Army 
of the Republic Posts in those islands, would materially aid in 
the dissemination of patriotic sentiments, and instilling into 
the minds of their citizens American ideas of love of country 
and flag, I began a correspondence some three months ago 
with members of our Order residing at different points on 
these islands, and while nothing definite has as yet been 
accomplished, still there is some encouragement; and I would 
recommend that the incoming Commander-in-Chief continue 
the efiTort, believing there will be ultimate success and much 
good accomplished as a result. 


The wisdom of establishing a depository of the records 
and archives of the Order has been demonstrated in the mate- 

yS Thirty-third National Encampment 

rial benefits that have resulted. The systematic care of the 
property under Comrade J. H. Holcomb, the Custodian, by 
which the valuable books, documents, correspondence, etc., 
are carefully preserved and filed away for future ready refer- 
ence in a place of security, easily accessible, is a matter of 
much satisfaction, and I am convinced should be continued 
from year to year. 

In conclusion, permit me to express my profound grati- 
tude for the high honor conferred upon me, one year ago, 
when, by your unanimous. vote I was elevated to the exalted 
position of Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, and with 
strongest emphasis to convey to each and every member of 
this matchless organization my highest appreciation of the 
uniform kindness and courteous manner in which I have been 
sustained during my brief administration as Acting Com- 

The hearty, splendid co-operation and warm-hearted 
comradeship so generously tendered and contributed has ever 
been an encouragement and an inspiration. The requirements 
to perform the high and responsible duties which came unex- 
pectedly, I fully recognized demanded the best abilities and all 
the Idtent forces of which I was possessed. Such, comrades, 
I have most earnest y, faithfully and cheerfully endeavored to 
exert for what I believed to be the best interests of our Organ- 
ization, the results I will leave with you. Occupying, as I 
have a subordinate office, I believed it incumbent upon me 
and my plain duty to continue and carry out in so far as I 
was informed and was able, the policies and wishes of my 
superior officer, whose administration was so auspiciously 
begun, and maintained to his death, to as nearly a successful 
termination as it was possible for me to reach. 

It has been my fervent hope and carefully guarded efforts 
that no act of mine should bring discredit upon the adminis- 
tration of the affairs of our Order during the year for which 
he was elected as your Commander-in-Chief — the unexpired 
term of which, by reason of his death, I was charged with the 
grave and responsible duty of completing. 

Grand Army of the Republic 79 

To the National Officers and Staff I extend my warmest 
thanks for their faithful and efficient services in the various 
offices, the duties of which they have so honorably and credit- 
ably performed, and for the loyalty, aid, and support so court- 
eously and cheerfully extended to me. 

While fully recognizing the splendid services of all, I 
cannot refrain in justice to a most faithful officer to empha- 
size the splendid, efficient services of Adjutant General, Thomas 
J. Stewart. His wise counsel and exercise of these excellent 
qualifications that render him so well fitted to perform the 
duties of this most important office, and which he has exe- 
cuted to such a marked degree of excellence, have proven 
invaluable to me. His patriotic devotion to our Order induced 
him to contribute his services for the past year without com- 
pensation. As a recognition of his generousaction, I recom- 
mend that action be taken by this Encampment to procure 
and present to Comrade Stewart a fitting testimonial. 

Comrades, as the shadows thicken and the eyes grow 
dim and our numbers decrease, let us strengthen those inex- 
pressible ties of fraternal love and affection. Let us more 
firmly unite and cement the bonds of fellowship and comrade- 
ship, and as we approach the Eternal Camping Ground, let us 
march in closed ranks, touching elbows, in solid column. 
When the Grand Army of the Republic passes out of exist- 
ence, let it leave behind such a record of splendid deeds and 
patriotic influences and sentiments, so indelibly stamped upon 
the hearts of the coming generations of our country, that it will 
ever be an inspiration to guide our honored Nation into the 
realms of a higher and grander civilization, a loftier citizenship 
—the crowning glory of our free American institutions. 

Comrade Druckemiller, of Pennsylvania : I move that the re- 
I>ortsof the officers other than the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief 
bt referred to the proper committees without being read to the 

The motion prevailed. 

The reports referred are as follows : 

8o Thirty-third National Encampment 

Report of the Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief. 

Office of the Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 

Wilmington, Del., August 7, 1899. 

Adjutant- General G, A. R. 

Comrade : 

I have the honor to submit my report of the work performed 
officially as Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army 
of the Republic during my term of office. 

Soon after the death of our beloved Commander-in-Chief 
James A. Sexton, and after corresponding with Acting Commander- 
in-Chief William C. Johnson, I decided that it was my duty to 
comply with his request and visit various Department Encamp- 
ments at their yearly conventions. 

My first official visit was to Delaware Encampment, on Febru- 
ary 9th. Their business was transacted promptly and judiciously. 
Their Department Commander, William U. Moystin, there elected 
has given much time in visiting throughout the Department and 
preparing for the coming National Encampment. 

Visited Maryland Encampment February 22 and found them 
active and harmonious. Their candidate for Department Com- 
mander, Lewis M. Zimmerman, was elected on the first ballot, and 
at the banquet in the evening was cordially greeted and congratu- 
lated by his competitor. 

On May 17 and 18 attended the New York Encampment at 
Syracuse. After the Department parade they were given a public 
reception by the Mayor and delegations from the public schools 
of the city. 

Their business session commenced Wednesday afternoon and 
continued with recesses during the evening and next day, their 
officers being installed in the presence of nearly all the delegates 
before 3 P. M., at which time, after a few remarks by Department 
Commander Kay, the Encampment adjourned. 

Grand Army of the Republic 8i 

This was one of the shortest and most haimonious Encamp- 
ments ever held in the State. Joseph W. Kay was elected Depart- 
ment Commander by acclamation, and Past Department Com- 
mander Albert D. Shaw was unanimously endorsed for the office 
of next Commander-in-Chief. 

Attended the Pennsylvania Encampment at Wilkesbarre on 
Wednesday and Thursday, June 7 and 8. They had their parade 
on the 7th to the hall, were received and welcomed by the Mayor 
of the cily, held their business session in the afternoon of the 7th, 
also forenoon and afternoon of the 8th. James F. Morrison was 
elected Department Commander by acclamation. A Camp Fire 
by the G. A. R. and reception by the Women's Relief Corps were 
held in the evening. 

The sessions of the New Jersey Encampment being held on 
same dates as Pennsylvania prevented my attendance. 

Visited the Vermont Encampment at Montreal, Canada, June 
21 and 22, being the first Department Encampment to hold their 
annual session outside of the United States. 

They were heartily welcomed by the leading officials of the 
citv and Province of Canada. Their business session commenced 
at 10 A. M., June 21, and was concluded by 3 p. m. same day. 
Franklin G. Butterfield was elected Department Commander by 
acclamation, and the best of harmony among comrades prevailed. 

The Women's Relief Corps gave a reception Tuesday evening. 
A Camp Fire was held Wednesday evening, addressed by Gov. 
Smith and Senator Proctor, of Vermont, and leading officials of 

On the 2 2d the Grand Army paraded in the streets of Mon- 
treal, re<:eiving a royal welcome by the people. They marched 
past the monument and statue of Queen Victoria with uncovered 

In addition to above-described visits to Department Encamp- 
ments, also attended the Memorial Day parades of New York and 
Brooklyn, accompanied by Department Commander Joseph W. 

Was with Commander-in-Chief Sexton at his reception and 
banquet by the Philadelphia Posts, also the next evening in New 
York at his reception and banquet by Lafayette Post, No. 140. 


82 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Also took part in the Peace Jubilee parades in Philadelphia 
and Washington, the dedication of Grant's Monument in Phila- 
delphia, and visited at various times, in the interest of the Grand 
Army, New York, Philadelphia, Washington, Richmond, Va., and 
elsewhere, being everywhere received with a hearty Grand Army 

In conclusion, permit me to thank the comrades of the 
National Encampment and the Grand Army of the Republic for 
the honors they have bestowed upon me during the past year. 

I am yours in F. C. & L., 

Junior Vise Comviander-in- Chiefs G. A, R. 

Grand Army of the Republic 83 

Report of Surgeon-General. 

Office of the Surcjeon-General, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 
Hastings, Neb., August 16, 1899. 

Thos. J. Stewart, 

Adjutant General, G^ A. R. 

Comrade : 

I have the honor to submit the following report as Surgeon- 
General of the Grand Army of the Republic for the eighteen 
months ending December 31, 1898 : 

No. of Reports from Medical Directors (16 not reporting) , 29 

No. of deaths during term (18 months) 11,083 

No. who presumably died of wounds received in the service 321 

No. who presumably died of disease contracted in the service 3,G23 

No. who presumably died from other causes 1,413 

No. of ex-soldiers, sailors or marines treated free of charge . 3,121 

The reasonable money value of such service $17,620 36 

No. of patients treated free of charge who were members of 

families of ex-soldiers, sailors or marines 2,567 

The reasonable money value of such services $13,799 77 

Money value of medicines and surgical appliances furnished 
by physicians. Posts or Relief Corps, or by'other organ- 
izations or comrades $13,627 00 

Total money value of above-mentioned services and supplies $4r),047 13 
No. of deserving sick or maimed not receiving pensions . . 1,672 

No. of inmates in Soldiers and Sailors Homes 6,431 

(The above Homes are supported by the Government 
and States where the Homes are located.) 
No. of ex-soldiers and sailors in almshouse 54 

Medical Directors of the following twenty-nine Departments 
have*sent me their reports : 

Arizona, Iowa, Indiana, Indian Territory, Delaware, Florida, 
Georgia, Illinois, Maine, Missouri, Minnesota, Maryland, Montana, 
Michigan, Massachusetts, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New 

84 Thirty-third National Encampment 

York, Nebraska, Oregon, Potomac, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, 
South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virginia and North Carolina, Ver- 
mont, West Virginia — which leaves sixteen that have not sent 

The only way to enable the Surgeon -General to make out a 
complete report is to make the Commanders of Departments re- 
sponsible for complete returns from the Medical Directors; also 
Post Commanders responsible for complete returns from Post Sur- 
geons and the Surgeon's report must be examined and approved by 
the Post Commander and forwarded to the Adjutant-General of 
the Department with other Post reports. The reports of Medical 
Directors should also be thoroughly examined and number of deaths 
should be the same as in report of Assistant Adjutant General in 
each Department before being sent to Surgeon General. I trust 
that in the future this very important part of our service will be 
more highly appreciated, and the Surgeon-General be enabled to 
make his report complete. 

The report of Commissioner of Pensions for the fiscal year 
ending June 30th last, shows total disbursements of $138,253,923, 
leaving a balance of J 1,855, 188 in the Treasury out of the 
$140,000,000 appropriated. The total number of pensioners on 
the roll June 30th was 911,519, a decrease of 2195. There were 
40,991 names added to the roll and 43,186 dropped. The report 
shows that the pension roll is decreasing. The war with Spain 
brought a total of 16,986 claims, of which number 295 have been 
allowed. A recapitulation shows that out of a total of 111,387 
claims, 89,054 claims were allowed. In my opinion the pension 
laws and rulings in the Pension Bureau should be changed in many 
respects, and I trust that our Pension Committee of the Grand 
Army of the Republic may succeed in bringing about a change 
more favorable to the old soldiers. I do not feel like censuring 
Commissioner Evans, as I know that he does not have the time to 
personally examine every claim pending in his office and must rely, 
necessarily, upon those under him for information. We followed 
the Stars and Stripes, comrades, marching to the music of the 
Union when this nation was in danger, and we saved it. What- 
ever our country may desire to give us in addition to past favors 
must be done soon, for death is sounding the notes of warning 
and it reaches the whole line. 

Grand Army of the Republic 85 

In closing my report I desire to remember those noble auxil- 
iaries of the Grand Army of the Republic — the Woman's Relief 
Corps, The Ladies of the G. A. R. and Sons of Veterans. Com- 
rades, we owe them much, and they should receive every aid and 
encouragement from us. 

I also tender my thanks to the officers and other members 
at our last National Encampment for the great honor conferred 
upon me. Also to the Medical Directors, and especially to your- 
self, for many favors and valuable assistance. 

In Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, 


Surgeon- General. 

86 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Report of the Chaplain-in-Chief, 

Office of the Chaplain-in-Chief, 

Grand Army of the Republic. 

RocKFORD, III., August 9, 1899. 
Thos. J. Stewart, 

Adjutant General G. A. R. : 

Dear Sir and Comrade : 

In making my annual report as Chaplain-in-Chief, I desire first 
to express my thanks to you and all of the rest of my fellow- 
officers, while we pause a moment to drop a tear and lay a flower 
upon the grave of the lamented James A. Sexton, who was chosen 
to lead us but has fallen by the way and become the leader of the 
gallant host who have crossed the flood since last we met. The 
heroes of earth soon pass away, but the tearful tribute of loving 
comrades is more than incense, for its fragrance abideth forever. 
Of him and all our heroes gone we may say with the old poet 
Collins : 

How sink the brave who sink lo rest, 
By all their country's wishes blest ; 
When spring with dewy tingers cold, 
Returns to deck their hallowed mould, 
She then shall dress a sweeter sod, 
Than fancy's feet have ever trod. 
By fairy hands their knell is rung, 
By forms unseen their dirges sung, 
There over came a pilgramgray, 
To bless the turf that wraps their clay, 
And freedom shall awhile repair, 
And dwells a weeping hermit there. 

I regret to say that the incompleteness of the report of the 
Posts and Departments makes it impossible for me to furnish a 
tabulated statement, and I can only suggest that if the reports to 
be made to the Chaplain-in-Chief are to continue as imperfect as 
they have heretofore that they are of little value. It may be 
better to have the substance of them embodied in the reports of the 
Adjutants, and in that way they might be collected in better shape. 

Grand Army of the Republic 87 

From the reports received, however, one thing is very evident, 
and that is the interest in the exercises on Memorial Day and 
the attendance upon its observance are largely increasing among 
the people. Another thing, the services are taking on a more 
religious character. The Sunday services in the churches preced- 
ing Memorial Day are now largely given up to the recognition of 
the glory of the country and the deeds of those who have added 
lustre to her fame. Patriotic hymns and songs, sermons and 
prayers, are heard everywhere and the custom of Posts attending 
these religious services in a body indicate that we are coming to a 
full recognition of the fact that there is a God that rules and 
reigns among the nations and to the old truth that, ** Except 
the Lord build the house they labor in vain that build it, and 
except the Lord keep the city the watchman walketh in vain." 
During the year it has been my privilege to make many 
addresses to the soldiers and citizens of our country, and in 
them all I have tried to keep this higher aspect of the question 
before them, not in the way of cant phrases, but in the sublime 
faith that righteousness exalteth a nation, and if God is to use us 
as a great factor in the extension of civilization we must follow 
His guidance if it leads us to carry our flag to the ends of the 
earth. Blind must be the man who cannot see that God would 
not let Dewey sail away trom Manila after he had destroytd the 
Spanish fleet, and there never has been an hour since that when 
McKinley dare look God in the face and order the troops 
home and have barbarism to bear sway. He might do it if he 
was at the head of a nation of cowards, but a nation with a 
people in whose veins the blood of a Lincoln, a Grant, a Lee, and 
the men of their generation still flows, will never allow him to haul 
down the flag while a barbarian is shooting at it. Ifwearenot 
better fitted with our experience of a hundred years to give to 
Cuba, Porto Rico and the Phili[)pines a good and stable govern- 
ment than the inhabitants of those islands, in their half-civilized 
condition, then let us close up our shop and say, Lord, you made 
a mistake in calling us to do something for humanity ; we are 
unequal to the task. When South Carolina, pleading the consent 
of the governed, started out to set up a government of he; own, 
the Nation said that it must have something to say about it and 
the Grand Army compelled her to accept such a government as 

88 Thirty-third National Encampment 

pleased the Nation. The people of South Carolina are as capable 
of self-government as Aguinaldo and his followers, and the Nation 
will go forward to the end, and God's plan of substituting civiliza- 
tion for barbarism will still go on. 

When we recall the days of travail and sorrow, how the words 
of the immortal Lincoln ring out with the Alpha and Omega ot 
eternal principles : 

" Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war 
may soon pass away. Yet if God will that it continue until all the wealth piled 
by the bondman's unrequitted toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood 
drawn with the lash shall be paid with another drawn with the sword, as was 
said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said, * The judgments of the 
Lord are true and righteous altogether.* " 

Verily might Gladstone, the greatest Englishman, say of this 
inaugural : 

** I am taken captive by so striking an utterance as this ; for I see in it the 
effect of sharp trial, when rightly borne, to raise men to a higher level of 
thought and feeling than they could otherwise reach." 

The lesson for us as veterans of the old army is to read 
aright the story that the hand of Providence is writing, that no 
individual or nation can reach the heighth of true greatness except 
they follow some high purpose to some great end, even though it 
lead them through the valley of tribulation and under the disci- 
pline of unselfish sacrifice. 

From the Chaplain's reports received — and they are from only 
one-half of the Departments — some items of interest appear. 
More than nine-tenths of the Posts attended religious services on 
Sunday as well as those of Memorial Day. There are 6,682 graves 
of Comrades without headstones. This is wrong and is easily 
remedied, as the Government will furnish them on application. 

As an evidence of the changes wrought by time the reports 
show that 244,740 graves of departed soldiers were decorated by 
48,454 soldiers who still survive. Five dead to one living. Verily, 
the night cometh to the Grand Army of the Republic. But the 
promise is ours, ** weeping may endure the night, but joy cometh 
in the morning." It will not be long until the last lonely soldier 
of the Grand Army of the Republic will meet the angel of death, 
but it will be with a serene and holy faiih begotten by the past. 








Grand Army of the Republic 89 

** For he has learned in hours of faith, 

The truth to flesh and sense unknown, 
That life is ever lord of Death, 

And love shall never lose its own.** 

No year of my life since the old days when I, as a young 

man, preached the Gospel to my comrades during the war has been 

as pleasant as the one now closing. I have done what I could with 

the time at my disposal to advance the interests of the Grand 

Araiy and shall continue while I live to uphold the great principles 

of Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty. To Senior Vice-Commander 

Johnson, and Adjutant General Stewart I am indebted for special 

favors, and to them and all my comrades I give my thanks while I 

pray the benediction of Heaven upon the Grand Army of the 



Chaplain-in- Chiefs G. A, R. 

90 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Report of Adjutant General. 

Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic^ 

Office of the Adjutant General, 

Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pa., August 24, 1899-. 

W. C. Johnson, 

Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, 

Commanding Grand Army of the Republic. 

Comrade : 

In compliance with the requirements of the Rules and Regula- 
tions, I have the honor to submit herewith the report of the Ad- 
jutant General from September 9th, 1898, to date. 


The total membership of the Grand Army of the Republic in 
good standing June 30, 1898, was 7,213 Posts with a membership 
of 3051603; on December 31, 1898, 7,178 Posts with a member- 
ship of 298,747, and on June 30, 1899, 6,905 Posts with a mem- 
bership of 287,981. The gains and losses for the twelve months 
ending June 30, 1899, ^'"^ ^^ follows: 


Members in good standing June 30, 1898 305,()0:) 

Gain by muster-in 7,543 

Gain by transfer 3,718 

Gain by re-instatement 12,257 

Gain from delinquent reports 4,715 

Total gain 28 ,23:^ 

Aggregate 3.33,836; 

Loss by death 7,994 

Loss by honorable discharge 1 ,057 

Loss by transfer 3.886 

Loss by suspension 22,952' 

Grand Army of the Republic 91 

Loss by dishonorable discharge 107 

Loss by delinquent reports 9,366 

Loss by surrender of Charter 513 



Members in good standing June 30, 1899 287,981 

Members remaining suspended June 30, 1899 35,366 

Total borne on rolls 323.347 

*• Reports received from Departments show that 7828 members were 
dropped from rolls, having been previously suspended." 

Dropped from rolls six months ending December 31, 1898 .... 3,658 
Dropped from rolls six months ending June 30, 1899 4,170 

Total for the year 7,828 


Thirty-third National Encampment 


June 30, 1898. Dkckmbbr 31, 18-^8 June 30, 1899. 


Posts. Members. Posts. Members. Posls. .Vf^rabera 




California and Nevada . . 
Colorado and Wyoming . 








Indian Territory .... 




Louisiana and Mississippi 


Maryland . . . . . 







New Ha;npshire .... 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Dakota . . 






Rhode Island 

South Dakota 





Virginia and N. Carolina 
Washington and Alaska . 

West Virginia 


































66 i 






17 ' 







388 . 







1~ , 






.17 1 





23503 ' 

571 : 






































































388 ' 




































































589 ' 



























1 790 









































Total 721:] :i()r>60.T 71 7H 29H747 6905 , 287981 

Grand Army of the Republic 




Uns 31.016 

1S79 44.752 

1S80 60,6:U 

1881 a5,a">6 

1^^ 134,701 

1H83 215,446 

1884 273,168 

1^85 294,787 

l^m 323,571 

18^ :i55.916 

1888 372,960 


1889 397,974 

1890 409,489 

1891 407,781 

1892 399.a'<0 

1893 397,223 

1894 369,083 

1895 357,639 

1896 34(»,610 

1897 319,456 

1898 305,603 

1899 287,981 










year ending March 31, 1^86 . 3.020 0.93 

31, 1887 3,406 0.95 

31, 1888 4.433 1.18 

June 30, 1889 4,696 1.18 

30,1890 .• 5,476 l.,33 

30, 1H91 . 5,965 1.46 

30, 1HJ>2 6,404 1.61 

30, 1*^93 7,002 1.78 

30, H91 7,2H3 1.97 

30, 1H95 7,368 2.06 

30, 1S96 7,293 2.21 

30, 1897 7,515 2.:;5 

30, 1HJ)H 7,3K3 2. 11 

30, ls!)9 7.994 2.7^ 


For six months ending Derember 31. 1H9S $ 76.343 25 

June 30, 1H99 . 84.612 39 

Total for the year 5 160,955 in 


k. . ■ 

94 Thirty-third National Encampment 

The year 1890 was the high water mark in membership, 
(409,489). Every year since then has shown a decrease, and it is 
not likely that any year in the future will show a gain over losses, 
although enough comrades and shipmates of the Army and Navy of 
the Civil War period yet remain to make such a thing possible. Each 
year shows an increasing death rate among the membership. Surely 
the Grand Army of the Republic is marching into the shadows. 
How important therefore, that with each recurring year, we apply 
to the administration of the affairs of the Order, the most practical 
and busines-like principles and methods. One year ago I reported 
a decrease of $346.33 in per capita tax received, as compared with 
the previous year, and said then the decrease would be greater in 
amount each year. This year there is a decrease of $431.41 over 
last year ; in two years $777.74. The decrease in the sale of 
supplies over the year ending June 30, 1898 is $2,242.22. 

For the information of all concerned, I have compiled a table 
making comparison between the receipts and expenditures for the 
last ten years. This table shows the yearly decrease in the revenues 
of National Headquarters. A study of the table will show very 
clearly the necessity of a re-adjustment of the expenses of National 
Headquarters. For the years 1898 and 1899 the Adjutant General 
has served without salary; the Quartermaster General served with- 
out salary in 1898. It is not to be expected that the Adjutant 
General will serve without compensation every year, nor should the 
fact that a comrade has done so for the past two years, establish a 
precedent. The matter should be, and no doubt will be adjusted 
by the Council of Administration. When the position of Custo- 
dian of Records was created, the salary was fixed at ^00.00 per 
year. The Quartermaster General then had in his charge, all sup- 
plies, and filled all requisitions. During the last year the Custodian 
of Records has done this work, as per direction of the National 
Encampment, and probably under the same direction will continue 
to perform this labor. This arrangement decreases the work and 
duties of Quartermaster General very materially. No change, how- 
ever, has been made in the salary of this officer; but whether this 
be done or not, the pay of the Custodian of Records should be 
somewhat increased for additional labor and responsibility imposed. 
Comrade Holcomb, the Custodian of Records, is a most efficient 
and trustworthy officer. 

Grand Army of the Republic 95 

Daring the last two years the Stenographer at Headquarters has 
been paid {416.00. He ought to receive at least {500.00. In 
former years $50.00 per month has been paid. A new item of ex- 
pense is the salary of an Assistant Adjutant-General, who, under 
Commander-in-Chief Sexton received {100.00 per month, and 
under Senior Vice Commander in Chief Johnson, 875.00 per 
month. This officer has been placed on duty by, and with the 
Commander-in-Chief, and in the work he does lessens to some ex- 
tent, the correspondence of the Adjutant General. During the last 
two years no rent has been paid for Headquarters, and with Head- 
quarters permanently located in Independence Hall, Philadelphia, 
through the courtesy of the City Councils of Philadelphia, this item 
of expense can be discontinued, as well as the annual expense of 
moving Headquarters, records, and furniture. I have no recom- 
mendations to make. The Council of Administration are fully 
competent to take up and adjust the expenditures to the income. 
I have merely endeavored to call attention to the subject and to 
give some information thereon. 


Thirty-third National Encampment 















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Grand Army of the Republic 97* 


For the information of the Encampment I have compiled a 
table showing the membership of the Encampment. There are a 
number of duplications in the Roll. Comrades in many instances 
have filled National offices, and are Past Department Commanders 
as well. In two instances Past Department Commanders are now 
serving as Assistant Adjutants-General. A comrade who has ac- 
quired the honors of Past Department Commander in two different 
Departments is now a member of the National Council of Adminis- 
tration. In the list of National Officers are four Past Department 
Commanders. I have therefore, in this table, given not only the 
aggregate membership of the Encampment, but the voting strength 
also. In this table showing voting strength National Officers, and 
Past National Officers, are not to be voted with their Departments. 

Thirty-third National Encampment 



Natiuniil Officexs .... 
PaatCoimiiau(lera-iu<:hiel'. . . 
Piist S. V. Conrniandere-in-Chief ^ 
Past J. V, QimmiunieiB-in-Cliifef I 

Ciilifoniiu and Nevada 

Colonido und WyonuQg .... 




Georgia I 

iiiiiioiH' ;!!'.!!!!!!! 


Indian Territory 



Laui^inna auil Miisiaaippi . ■ ■ 









New Hiiiii|Kdliirc 

Kew Mexiw 

Kew York 

Nordi Dukotn 






]{limii- Isliinit 

^■.iitli I>nk..t.i 




Virginia iindNorlhtwiiiii '. '. 
■\Vashiilir1ini and Alaska , . , , 

Grand Army of the Republic 99 


One year ago I called attention to the fact that the resolution 
adopted by the Thirty-first National Encampment, and which pro- 
vided " That the Journals of the National Encampment, with the 
General Orders for each year, shall be republished, provided a suffi- 
cient number of subscribers can be had to defray the actual cost, 
and for this purpose the Commander-in-Chief shall, in General 
Orders, state the purpose and invite subscriptions through the re- 
spective Departments.*' In General Orders No. 5 of 1898 this reso- 
lution was published, together with " the plan to be pursued." In 
response to the publication in General Orders to Posts, Depart- 
ments, Libraries and individuals to subscribe, there was received 
three subscriptions from Posts ; four from individual comrades, and 
three from Public Libraries. The Thirty-second National Encamp- 
ment in adopting the report of the Committee on the Report of the 
Adjutant-General, directed ** that further efforts be made, whereby 
the provisions of the resolution may be made effectual." Comply- 
ing with these instructions, another announcement was made in 
General Orders No. 6 of March 15th, 1899. As a result thereof, 
subscriptions were filed from two Posts, one from a Library, and 
three from individuals, and one subscription already filed, was can- 
celled. This matter, in my judgment, is in very unsatisfactory shape. 
The plan to be pursued, provided that '* the National Encampment 
iihall subscribe for five hundred copies, which shall be retained to 
meet future calls, and to be sold at cost." Including these five 
hundred copies the total subscriptions are 515. Some communica- 
tions have been received asking what tlie cost of this publication 
would be ; this the Adjutant-General was unable to answer. More- 
over, no provision has been made for the work necessary for the 
publication of the Journals. It would seem that this matter should 
be turned over to some comrade competent to do the work, and a 
rate of compensation therefor agreed upon, and after the man- 
uscript has been prepared, that the cost of the publication for 
the subscriptions then on file be ascertained, and the announce- 
ment made in General Orders, giving full information as to cost, 


This fund is made uj) of contributions from Posts and indivi- 
duals, and is used in the purchase of llags for marking graves in 

loo Thirty-third National Encampment 

National, and other Cemeteries throughout the South, and in giving 
financial aid to Posts and Departments in the South, to aid in de- 
fraying the expenses incident to Memorial Day. The flags and 
monies are distributed upon requisition made upon the Adjutant- 
General. The contributions in 1899 were Very liberal, notably so 
from the Womans' Relief Corps. 

Contributions received in 1898 were Si, 302 45 

1899 '* i»759 21 

(t f ( t( 

Increase 1899 over 1898 . . $ 456 76 
Of the above the Womans* Relief Corps contributed : 

In 1898 $ 771 10 

In 1899 ...... 1,028 56 

A detailed statement of receipts and disbursements of this fund 
will be found in the Report of the Quartermaster- General. 

Courtland Saunders Post No. 21, Department of Pennsylvania, 
makes an annual donation of flags. 


One year ago I recommended that a Committee of Five be ap- 
pointed by the incoming Commander-in-Chief, to whom the subject 
of blank forms for reports shall be referred. This recommendation 
was approved by the Encampment, but the death of the Com- 
mander-m-Chief, and the inability of some comrades whose advice 
and experience would have been most helpful, to give the time to 
this work this year, has delayed the matter. It, however, can and 
should be given attention, before the close of the term ending 
December 31st, 1899. I take it no further action by the National 
Encampment will be necessary, and that the work can be proceeded 
with under the incoming administration. 


During the year, the appointment of 564 comrades as Aids-de- 
Camp to the Commander-in-Chief were announced ; of this num- 
ber 460 reported for duty as directed in General Orders. Only 
those reporting received Commissions. Every Aid reporting to the 
Senior Aid-de-Camp was furnished a Circular of Instructions as to 
his duties, and a form on which to make requisition on the Quarter- 

Grand Army of the Republic loi 

master-General for Badge and copy of Rules and Regulations. 
The revenue from this source in 1898 was J269.78; in 1899, 
$255.70. Prior to 1898 no well-directed effort had been made in 
this direction. 

The following named comrades were appointed a Committee 
10 procure and present a testimonial to Past Commander-in-Chief 
J. P. S. Gobin. Their appointment was not announced in General 

Ivan N. Walker, Indianapolis, Indiana. 

John G. B. Adams, Lynn, Mass. 

John C. Black, Chicago, Illinois. 

Tributes of respect will be paid to the memory of our late 
Commander-in-Chief, Comrade James A. Sexton, by other officers 
of the Encampment, but I desire to record my appreciation of his 
comradeship and kindness to me as Adjutant-General. He aided 
me in the performance of my duties by his counsel, and encouraged 
me by his confidence. To the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, 
who assumed the duties of Commander-in-Chief, my warmest thanks 
are due for official duties made pleasant by many evidences of 
comradeship and confidence. The most pleasant relations have 
been maintained between National and Department Headquarters, 
and Department Commanders and Assistant Adjutants-General 
have always evidenced a willingness and promptness in the perfor- 
mance of their duties, all of which is sincerely appreciated. 

Respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

I02 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Proceedings of the National Council of 


The National Council of Administration met in the Head- 
quarters Room in the Grand Hotel at Cincinnati, Ohio, at 4 
o'clock, P. M., on Friday, September 9th, 1898, the Senior Vice 
Commander-in-Chief presiding. 

The Adjutant General called the roll of members of the 
Council and the following were found to be present : 

M. D, Wickersham, of Alabama ; Samuel C. Rees, of Arizona ; 
W. H. Miller, of Delaware ; T. S. Wilmarth, of Florida ; James 
P. Averill, of Georgia ; Thomas W. Scott, of Illinois ; William 
H. Armstrong, of Indiana; P. H. Coney, of Kansas; P. W. 
Hager, of Kentucky ; Richard Sheppard, of Louisiana and Missis- 
sippi : W. W. Blackmar, of Massachusetts ; Samuel J. Lawrence, 
of Michigan ; J, M. D. Craft, of Minnesota ; F. M. Sterrett, of 
Missouri : H. W. George, of Nebraska ; Clayland Tilden, of New 
Jersey; H. Crampton, of New Mexico; Theodore F. Reed, ot 
New York ; B. M, Moulton, of Ohio ; James F. Morrison, of 
Pennsylvania; A. R. Anderson, of South Dakota; H. J. Smith, of 
Wisconsin ; The Adjutant General and Quartermaster General. 

Comrade Sterrett offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That an Executive Committee be constituted consisting 
of the Commander-in-Chief, Adjutant General, Quartermaster General 
and seven members of the Council to be named by the Commander-in- 
Chief, to act during the year when the Council is not in session. 

The resolution was adopted. 

Comrade Wickersham, of Alabama, offered the following 
resolution : 

Resolved, That the Adjutant General, the Quartermaster General 
and the Inspector General be appointed a committee on supplies to act 
under the direction and approval of the Commander-in-Chief. 

The resolution was adopted. 

Grand Army of the Republic 103 

Comrade Reed, of New York, moved that the sum of ^200.00 
be appropriated for reporting and furnishing copies of the proceed- 
ings of the Thirty-second Annual Encampment, and the motion 

Comrade Armstrong, of Indiana, moved that the retiring 
Adjutant General be authorized to publish not to exceed 9500 
copies of the proceedings of the Thirty-second Annual Encamp- 
ment and be allowed for editing and publishing same, such sum as 
the Commander-in-Chief shall direct, and the motion prevailed. 

Comrade Scott, of Illinois, stated that it had been customary 
for several years to authorize the Commander-in-Chief to draw 
upon the Quartermaster General to the amount of ^2,000 or such 
part thereof as may be necesssry to pay his traveling expenses 
during the year, and upon motion of Comrade Scott, such authority 
was given the Commander-in-Chief. 

Upon mption of Comrade Scott it was agreed that the Adju- 
tant General be allowed the sum of ^2000, which shall include the 
payment of his salary and also the employment of the necessary 
stenographer in the office of the Adjutant General. 

Comrade Sterrett offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted : 

Resolved^ That the Commander-in-Chief be authorized to pay such 
salary to the Quartermaster General as may be consistent with efficiency 
and economy. 

Comrade Sterrett offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted : 

Resoivedy That the Bond of the Quartermaster General be fixed at 
|12.0(M), the premium to be paid out of the general fund. 

Upon motion of Comrade Scott, the bond of the Adjutant 
General was fixed at the sum of 5 1000, the premium to be paid 
from the general fund. 

At this point the Commander-in-Chief assumed the Chair, 
stating in explanation of his absence that he had been to visit the 
convention of the Woman's Relief Corps and was detained 

Comrade Wickersham : I desire to make a motion for the con- 
sideration of the Commander-in-Chief and his Executive Com- 

I04 Thirty-third National Encampment 

mittee, when appointed, and it is that the question be submitted to 
them as to whether it would not be wise to open the National 
Encampment for a few hours on the day before the parade in order 
that the Committees might be appointed and resolutions referred to 
them, the object being to secure greater deliberation in matters of 
importance that may come before the Encampment. 

The motion prevailed. 

A bill for the sum of ^65.00 for expenses of the Chaplain-in- 
Chief was presented and on motion ordered paid. 

A bill from the Surgeon General for the sum of $48.10 for 
expenses was on motion referred to the Executive Committee. 

The Commander-in-Chief: I am sorry that I was not here at 
the beginning of the meeting. I had a short time to visit the 
Relief Corps and felt it was my duty to visit them. We met with 
some delay. I want to say that I think it absolutely necessary to 
be as economical in the year to come as we have been in the past 
year. A year ago we were in debt. Some of the officers have 
done the work of the Grand Army without compensation. I have 
always felt that ** the laborer is worthy of his hire'* and ought to 
be paid, and I think it too severe for so large a body as ours to ask 
a man to devote the entire year to our work without compensation. 
I think if we exercise the usual economy and scan our bills and 
pay what is right and refuse to pay bills that are not right, we 
ought to have enough at the end of the year to at least pay the 
Adjutant General and the Quartermaster General a fair compensa- 
tion. I hope that the Council of Administration will move in that 
direction. I believe that all realize the necessity of rigid economy. 
I know the comrades in our Post are sometimes careless about 
voting out their funds and afterward regret it. We should set them 
a shining example of how to handle the moderate amount of 
money that we have. We will surely have to increase the tax on 
the Posts or our Encampment will not be able to maintain the 
present high standard of the Grand Army as to living and travel- 
ing expenses. I would be greatly pleased if you would all give 
that consideration, and assist in that line. 

Comrade Smith, of Wisconsin, moved that the expense of the 
Inspector General for postage and stationery, and when summoned 

Grand Army of the Republic 105 

for duty by the Commander-in-Chief, be paid by the Encamp- 
ment, and the motion prevailed. 

Comrade Scott, of Illinois, moved that Adjutant General 
Stewart and Quartermaster General Burrows, be authorized and 
requested to continue in office and in the performance of their 
duties until such time as their successors are appointed, and the 
motion prevailed. 



Adiuiani General and Recorder, 

^^"^ Thirty-third National Encampment 

Meeting of the Executive Committee of the 
National Council of Administration. 

The Executive Committee of the National Council of Admin- 
istration met at Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic, South- 
west corner of Fifth and Chestnut Streets, Philadelphia, Penna., 
at 2 o'clock, Thursday, December 15th, 1898. 

Present : Commander-in-Chief, James A. Sexton ; Adjutant 
General, Thomas J. Stewart ; Quartermaster General, Fred. W. 
Spink; Comrade Thomas W. Scott, of Fairfield, III.; Comrade 
William H. Armstrong, of Indianapolis, Ind.; Comrade F. M. 
Sterrett, of St. Louis, Mo.; Comrade James F. Morrison, of Phila- 
delphia, Penna.; Comrade Theodore F. Reed, of New York, N. Y. 

Absent: Comrade M. D. Wickersham, of Mobile, Ala.; 
Comrade H. J. Smith, of Racine, Wis. 

The minutes of meeting of Council of Administration of 
September 9th, 1898, were read and approved. 

Past Commander-in-Chief, Robert B. Beath, was present as 
Secretary of the Local Committee, to explain what the committee 
had done and for a general conference with the Commander-in- 
Chief and Executive Committee. He submitted for the informa- 
tion of the Committee, a copy of an agreement as to hotels. 

Copy of agreement signed by the Committee of Association comprising 
the Hotels therein natned 

Whkrkas, It is contemplated by the Grand Army of the Republic to 
hold its Annual National Encampment during the month of August or 
September, 1899, in the City of Philadelphia ; and 

Whereas, At the Annual Encampment of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, held at Cincinnati, Ohio, on the 9th day of September, 1898, 
the following resolution was adopted. 

''Resolved^ That unless satisfactory guarantees of railroad rates to the 
place selected for the next meeting of the National Encampment, and 
a similar satisfactory guarantee against increased hotel rates^ be filed 
with the Commander-in-Chief not later than February 1st, then the 

Grand Army of the Republic 107 

National Council of Administration is instructed to locate the Encamp- 
ment at such other place of convenient access as offers most favorable 

Now, we the undersigned, representing the Hotel Keepers' Associa- 
tion of the City of Philadelphia, and the following hotels, viz.; Bingham, 
Bellevue, Colonnade, Dooner's, Green's, Hanover, Lafayette, Lorraine, 
Rittenhouse and Stratford, in consideration of the premises, do hereby 
covenant and agree with the said Grand Army of the Republic : 

First. — That during the week of holding said National Encampment 
they will not charge, or ask, a higher rate, or sum, for rooms and meals, 
or cither, than is charged by them at their respective hotel at the time of 
signing this agreement. 

Second. — That they will not require any persons to engage rooms and 
meals, or either, for a longer period than three days. 

Third. — That they will not assign to or place a larger number of per- 
sons in any room than may be necessary to occupy the same in a com- 
fortable manner, nor increase the number of persons in any room after 
the same has been engaged by mutual agreement. 

Fourth — That if necessary they, and each of them, shall and will hire 
additional help so that the guests may have prompt and proper attention. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals this 
28th day of November, 1898. 

"] Edward V. Kinsley, 

Sealed and delivered in The Rittenhouse. 

the presence of ! Mahlon W. Newton, 

K. L Heiss, 
S. McAllister. 

Green's Hotel. 
M. H. Goodin, 

Bingham Mouse. 

Comrade Reed, of New York, moved that the next Annual 
National Encampment be held in the week September 4th to 9th, 
1S99, inclusive. 

Comrade Spink moved an amendment: The Encampment be 
held week commencing September nth, and ending the i6th, 1S99. 

After discussion a vote was taken on the amendment, resulting 
in a negative vote. The original niotion was then adopted. 

On motion of Comrade Sterrett, the Commander-in-Cliiet 
appointed Comrades Sierrett, Armstrong and Reed a Committee 
on Hotels, with instructions to confer fully with Comrade Beath. 

io8 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Comrade Richardsoa, of the Department of the Potomac, 
was admitted to the meeting, to be heard on resolution adopted by 
the National Encampment, regarding monument to be erected 
in the National Capitol, to the soldiers, sailors and marines ot 
the War of the Rebellion. (See page 288 proceedings National 
Encampment, 1897). 

The Adjutant General then read as follows, for the informa- 
tion of the Executive Committee, from General Orders No. 5, page 
284, proceedings 1894. 

** Resolved, That the National Encampment approve the plan of the 
National Reunion Monument Association, of Washington, D. C, for the 
erection in the National Capitol of a Memorial to the Rank and File of 
the Union Armies, Navy and Marine C jrps, who fought for the suppres- 
sion of the Rebellion from iS6t to 1865." 

Having heard fully from Comrade Richardson of the Depart- 
ment of the Potomac, and after consideration of the matter by the 
Commander-in-Chief and the Committee, the Commander-in-Chief 
decided to publish the resolution in General Orders. 

Commander-in-Chief: When the National Encampment 
adjourned at Cincinnati, the Treasurer of the Woman's Relief 
Corps handed me a check for two thousand dollars ($2,000), as a 
donation of the Woman's Relief Corps to the Grand Army of 
the Republic. Being in doubt as to my authority to accept it ot 
not, I present the matter for the action of Council of Adminis- 

Comrade Morrison moved that the donation be accepted with 
thanks and the amount placed in the General Fund. Adopted. 

The Adjutant General then presented the bill of the Past 
Surgeon General, David MacKay, which was referred to the Exec- 
utive Committee by the National Council of Administration, at 
meeting held at Cincinnati, September 9th, 1898, and with a letter 
from Comrade MacKay, asking that no further action be taken. 

The request was complied with. 

Upon motion of the Adjutant General, which was adopted, 
Comrades Scott and Morrison were appointed a Committee on 

Grand Army of the Republic 109 

The Adjutant General presented the following resolution from 
Comrade Pugh of the Department of Ohio. (See page 276 pro- 
ceedings 1898: 

Resolved^ That hereafter the city in which the Encampment shall 
be held, shall a^ree, as to a condition of its being held there, to furnish 
for each Srate Department, a place which will be convenient and commo- 
dioust for its headquarters and for registration of the comrades of the 
State who may visit the Encampment. 

On motion of Comrade Armstrong it was decided that the 
Local Committee be advised and directed to act thereon. 

Comrade Armstrong suggested that the Executive Committee 
settle at this time the question of Badges ; the number, to whom 
they are to be delivered, and tickets for reviewing stand. 

Comrade Scott moved that the Local Committee provide seats 
for not less than (1,000) on the principal reviewing stand ; tickets 
for these seats to be delivered to the Commander-in Chief, to be 
disposed of pro rata among the various Departments. 

The motion was adopted. 

Comrade Sterrctt moved that the Adjutant General be re- 
quested to communicate the desire of this committee to the Local 
Committee asking that fifteen hundred (1,500) Badges be placed 
in the same manner they were at the Thirty-second National 
Encampment. The motion was adopted. 

On motion, adjourned to meet at the Continental Hotel 
to-morrow morning at 9 O'clock. 


Adjutant General and Recorder. 

Continental Hotel, 
Philadelphia, Decemher i 6th, 1898. 

The Executive Committee at the meeting yesterday adjourned 
to meet at the above place at 9 o'clock A. M. 

The meeting was called to order by the Commander-in-Chief. 

no Thirty-third National Encampment 

Present : Commander-in-Chief, James A. Sexton ; Quarter- 
master General, Fred. W. Spink ; Comrade Thomas W. Scott, of 
Fairfield, 111.; Comrade William H. Armstrong, of Indianapolis, 
Ind.; Comrade F. M. Sterrett, of St. Louis, Mo.; Comrade James 

F. Morrison, of Philadelphia, Penna.: Comrade Theodore F. Reed, 
of New York, and the Adjutant General as Recorder. 

Comrade H. P. Thompson, Assistant Adjutant General 

G. A. R., and Past Commander-in-Chief, Robert B. Beath of the 
Local Committee, were also present. 

A general discussion on the question of Hotels was indulged 
in, pending the receipt by Comrade Sterrett, of the following 
communication from the Hotel Walton : 

F. M. Sthrrett, Esq., 

Chairman Committee, G. A. R. 
My Dear Sir : — 

In reply to your inquiries regarding the headquarters of the Grand 
Army of the Republic meeting, to be held the week beginning Septem- 
ber 4th, 1899. Will state that our rates will be as follows : Parlor, $10 00 
per day ; rooms, with bath, two persons, $4.00 and $5.00 per day, and 
without bath, two persons, $3.00 and $4.00 per day, according to size and 
location of rooms ; the above rates are for European plan exclusively. 

In reference to rooms and board, American plan, will state that I 
shall be very pleased to advise your committee later if you wish, as the 
matter requires more consideration than I have been able to give to it 
and to answer you definitely in this writing. 

Will be very pleased to hear further from your Committee, and 
awaiting your reply, I am 

Very truly, 

(Signed), GEO. W. SWETT. 

This communication was presented and discussed, and Com- 
rade Sterrett, as Chairman of the Committee on Hotels, then took 
up the matter with the proprietors of the Continental Hotel, and 
submitted the following agreement ; 

Continental Hotel, 

Philadelphia, Penna., Dec. 16th, 1898. 

In consideration of the headquarters of the G. A. R., being held in 
the Continental during the National Encampment of that organization 
for the week commencing September 4th, 1899, the undersigned, repre- 
renling the Continental Hotel, hereby agrees with the Committee repre- 
senting the G. A. R.: 

Grand Army of the Republic i r i 

First — That during the holding of the said National Encampment, 
we will not charge a higher rate for rooms and meals, or either, than is 
charged by this hotel, no room to be less than J3.00 per day. 

Second — That we will not require any persons to engage rooms for 
a longer period than three days. 

TTiird — That we will not assign to or place a larger number in any 
room than double the usual assignment, nor increase the number of 
persons in any room after the same has been engaged by mutual 

Fourth — All necessary help and toilet and other necessaries will be 
provided that guests may be made comfortable and have prompt and 
proper attention. 

Dated at Philadelphia this 16lh day of December, 1898. 

(Signed) L. U. MALTBY. 
(Signed) F. M. STERRETT, 

Chairman of Cofntniiiee, 

On motion of Comrade Sterrett, National Headquarters were 
located at the Continental Hotel during the time of the National 
Encampment, September 4th to 9th, inclusive, 1899, in Phila- 

At 1.30 P. M., on motion of Comrade Spink, the meeting 
adjourned without date; future meeting to be upon order of the 


Adjutatif General and Recorder, 

Headquarters Grand Akmy of the Republic, 

Independence Hall, 
Philadelphia, Pa., April 12th, 1899, 3.00 p. m. 

* Pursuant to orders of the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief 
the Executive Committee of the National Council of Administra- 
tion met at above time and place. 

Members present ; 

W. C. Johnson, Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief; Thomas 
J. Stewart, Adjutant-General ; Fred. W. Spink, Quartermaster- 

112 Thirty-third National Encampment 

General; Thos. W. Scott, Illinois: Wro. H. Armstrong, Indiana; 
F. M. Sterrett, Missouri ; M. D. Wickersham, Alabama ; James F. 
Morrison, Pennsylvania ; Theo. F. Reed, New York ; H. J. Smith, 

Minutes of meeting of Executive Committee, held December 
1 2th, 1898, were read and approved. 

The Adjutant-General presented copies of what purported to 
be minutes of two meetings said to have been held in Chicago, 
Illinois, February 7th and 8th, by members of the Executive Com- 
mittee present at funeral of the Commander-in-Chief, and which 
had been forwarded to him by Comrade Thomas W. Scott, as 
Recorder. These minutes were not read but a statement was made 
by the Senigr Vice Commander-in-Chief, detailing what had oc- 
curred at that time. Copies of the minutes referred to above were 
then read by the Adjutant-General, who also read a further state- 
ment prepared by the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief. 

Comrade Reed, of New York, moved the minutes sent to the 
Adjutant-General by Comrade Scott, be accepted and approved. 
Comrade Johnson insisted no meeting had been called ; Comrade 
Scott insisted a meeting had been called and seconded motion of 
Comrade Reed. Comrade Armstrong did not consider meeting an 
official meeting. Comrade Johnson now read a copy of a state- 
ment that had been forwarded direct to the Judge Advocate- 
General by Comrade Scott, as Acting Recorder. After remarks 
by Comrades Morrison and Stewart, Comrade Wickersham, of 
Alabama, moved an amendment to the motion of Comrade Reed ; 
that the record of proceedings of the conference by members of 
the Executive Committee in Chicago, Illinois, February 7th and 
8th, be not considered as minutes of a meeting of the Executive 
Committee, but that the Senior Vice Commander in-Chief be re- 
quested to incorporate in his address to the National Encampment 
an account of the conference held and aclion taken. ' 

Amendment adopted. 

The Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief presented the opinion 
of the Judge Advocate-General on points submitted in connection 
with the death of the Commander-in-Chief, as to whether a vacancy 
exists in the office of Commander-in-Chief, and if so, how filled, etc. 

Grand Army of the Republic 113 

Opinion not read, each member of Executive Committee 
having received a copy. 

Comrade Wickersham reviewed the opinion at length, and 
offered the following : 

Resolved^ That until the next National Encampment, when this 
whole matter may be determined by members of the Order, representing 
every part of the country, that the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief 
elected at the Thirty-second National Encampment, discharge the duties 
as Commander-in-Chief. 

Comrade Wickersham : " I offer this resolution for a double 
purpose, not only because I have reached that conclusion myself, 
but for the further purpose of testing the sense of this Committee.'* 

Comrade Morrison, of Pennsylvania, seconded the resolution. 

Comrade Stewart read as part of his remarks letters from 
Past Commanders-in-Chief Rea, Merrill, Adams, Palmer, Burdett, 
Van Der Voort and Gobin. Comrade Armstrong referred to a 
letter written him by Past Commander-in-Chief Walker. 

Comrade Scott moved as a substitute, that we adopt the deci- 
sion of the Judge Advocate-General. 

After discussion. Comrade Sterrett moved the previous ques- 


Yea and nay vote was called for. 

On adopting the substitute offered by Comrade Scott, the yeas 
were Spink, Scott, Sterrett, Reed and Smith, (5.) 

The nays were Armstrong, Wickersham, Morrison, Stewart 
and Johnson, (5.) 

Declared lost. 

On the resolution of Comrade Wickersham, the yeas were 
.Armstrong, Wickersham, Morrison, Stewart and Johnson, (5.) 

The nays were Spink, Scott, Sterrett, Reed and Smith, (5.) 

Declared lost. 

.At this time Comrades Past Commanders-in-Chief Louis Wag- 
ner and Pvobert B. Beath, Chairman and Secretary respectively of 
the Local Committee, having in charge the arrangements for the 


114 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Thirty-third National Encampment, were admitted to confer with 
the Executive Committee. The Chairmen of the various sub- 
committees were not present, except Comrade Morrison as Chair- 
man Committee on Badges. Comrades Wagner and Beath how- 
ever related in detail what progress had been made and what the 
various committees had in contemplation, all of which was satis- 

The Executive Committee now at 6.35 adjourned until 8 p. m. 

Evening Session. 

Called to order at 8.30 p. m. by Senior Vice Commander-in- 

All members present. 

Oa motion of Comrade Wickersham it was agreed to donate 
to Geo. G. Meade Post No. i, of Philadelphia, 10 pounds of Gun 
Metal, to be used by them in making a Post Souvenir Badge for 
their guests at the Thirty-third National Encampment, and that 
Comrade Davison be instructed to deliver same. 

Comrade Scott, of Illinois, moved that we proceed to the 
election of a Commander-in-Chief. 

Comrade Armstrong moved as an amendment, that it is the 
sense of the Executive Committee that no vacancy exists that is not 
filled by operation of law,- except that of Junior Vice Commander- 
in-Chief, and we now proceed to fill that vacancy. 

Yeas and nays were called for. 

On the Amendment of Comrade Armstrong, the yeas were 
Armstrong, Wickersham, Morrison, Stewart and Johnson, (5.) 
The nays were Spink, Scott, Sterrett, Reed and Smith, (5.) 

Declared lost. 

On motion of Comrade Scott the yeas were Spink, Scott, 
Sterrett, Reed and Smith, (5.) 

The nays were Armstrong, Wickersham, Morrison, Stewart 
and Johnson, (5.) 

Declared lost. 

Grand Army of the Republic 115 

Comrade Stewart offered the following : 

Whereas : For the first time in the history of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, the Commander-in-Chief has died while in office, therefore 
be it 

Resolved: That as a mark of respect to the memory of James A. 
Sexton, late Commander-in-Chief, the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief 
shall continue to perform the duties of the Commander-in Chief, and the 
office of the Commander-in-Chief remain without an incumbent until 
the meeting of the Thirty-third National Encampment. 

Comrade Stewart moved the adoption of the Resolution and 
called for a yea and nay vote. 

The vote being taken, the yeas were Armstrong, Sterrett, 
Wickersham, Morrison, Stewart and Johnson, (6.) 

The nays were Spink, Scott, Reed and Smith, (4.) 

The Resolution was declared adopted. 

Comrade Smith, of Wisconsin, moved that the Executive 
Committee of the National Council of Administration on behalf 
of themselves and the comradeship of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, most earnestly tender thanks to Comrade Arthur Hendricks, 
Department Commander of the Department of the Potomac, as 
well as the comrades of the Department of the Potomac, for their 
kind aad sympathetic attentions to our late beloved Commander- 
in-Chief during hi§ illness at Garfield Hospital, as well as the excel- 
lent and appropriate arrangements so tenderly and carefully ex- 
ecuted in conveying the ** Remains" from Hospital to Depot at 
Washington, D. C. 

Comrade Wickersham, of Alabama, seconded the motion. 
The resolution was unanimously adopted. 

Comrade Scott moved that the Senior Vice Commander-in- 
Chief be authorized to draw upon the Quartermaster-General for 
sufficient money to defray the necessary expenses in the discharge 
of his official duty. Motion seconded by Comrade Wickersham. 

The motion was carried. 



Adjutant- General and Recorder. 

xi6 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Continental Hotel, Philadelphia, Pa. 

12 o'clock Noon, September 4ih, 1899. 

Pursuant to General Orders No. 10, A, G. O., July 29111, 1899, 
a meeting of the Executive Committee of the National Council of 
Administration was held at the above place and hour. 

Members present : Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief W. C. 
Johnson ; Thomas W. Scott ; Wm. H. Armstrong ; F. M. Slerrett ; 
M. D. Wickersham ; James F. Morrison ; Theo. F. Reed ; H. J, 
Smith ; the Quartermaster-General and the Adjutant-General. 

The Adjutant-General presented a bill of J. H. Wilson Co., 
Ltd., ($61.50), for new Flag for National Headquarters, which bill 
was on motion approved and ordered to be paid. Voucher No. 
98, dated April 22nd 1899 for J17.00, drawn to the order of H. P. 
Thompson having been withheld for submission to the Executive 
Council ; the question being, whether or not the expenses of 
Comrade Thompson as Assistant Adjutant-General should be paid 
for his attendance, (without being so directed to attend), at a meet- 
ing of the Executive Committee, was ordered to be paid, but such 
payment not to, in any sense, establish a precedent for like cases. 

The following communication of the Adjutant-General to the 
Executive Committee was then read : 

*' Comrades : — 

As Adjutant-General of the Grand Army of the Republic, I feel 
warranttnl in cidiing attention to the extra services rendered by Comrade J. 
Henry Holcomb, the Custodian ot Records, during the past year. These 
services liave been rendered in addition to the duties imposed upon him as 
Custodian, and were rendered in assuming the responsibility of caring for 
all the supplies of the Grand Army of the Republic, and under the direction 
of the Quartermaster General issuing the same. I resi)ectfully recommend 
that the Executive Committee remunerate Comrade Holcomb for the extra 
services rendered during the last year, as they may deem proper. 

I further iisk that the Executive Committee give consideration to a 
luither payment to David C. Gotwals, as Stenograiiher in the Adjutant- 
General's Oftice. He served during the past year for $410.00. I would 
recommend that a payment be made to him of $84.00 making his salary for 
the past year $500.00. 

Very respectfully, 
(Signed). THOS. J. STEWART, 

A dj uta nt- Gent ra\^* 

Grand Army of the Republic 117 

Upon motion of Comrade Wickersham, the amount of S104.00 
was directed to be be paid to David C. Gotwals ; thus making his 
salary for the past year, $520.00. On motion of Comrade Morri- 
son it was directed that the sum of J300.00 be paid to Comrade J. 
Henry Holcomb, Custodian of Records, for extra services perform- 
ed during the past year, in taking charge of supplies and distribut- 
ing the same, as per direction of the National Encampment, as 
found in the Report of the Committee on Quartermaster-Generars 

Ell Torrance, Judge Advocate-General, presented a bill for ex- 
penses incurred during his administration, as Judge Advocate- 
General, for two years, amounting to $250.00, which was on motion, 
directed to be paid. 

The Commander-in-Chief appointed Comrades Scott, Smith 
and Reed, to audit the accounts of the Quartermaster General and 
the Adjutant-General. 

Comrade Armstrong presented a bill of Baldwin, Miller & Co., 
Indianapolis, Indiana, for $555.18, lor testimonials, which were 
ordered by the Thirty ^second National Encauipnient, to be 
presented to the Adjutant General and the Quartermaster-General, 
and for which purpose a Committee of the following Comrades was 
appointed by the Commander-in-Chief: 

Comrade Wm. H. Armstrong, of Indiana. 
Comrade Thomas W. Scott, of Illinois. 
Comrade F. M. Sterrett, of Missouri. 
Comrade J. F. Lovett, of New Jersey. 
Comrade Peter B. Ayars, of Delaware. 

The Commander-in-Chief stated he had received 650 Tickets for 
(}rand Stands, which he (hen turned over to Comrades Sterrett, 
Armstrong and Wickersham, who were appointed a Committee to 
distribute the same pro rata to the various Departments. 

Adjourned to meet at 4 P. M. 


A'iju flint Ge?icral and Recoriier 

ii8 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Continental Hotel, Philadelphia, Pa. 

4 o'clock p. M., September 4ih, 1899. 

A meeting ol the Executive Committee was held at the Conti- 
nental Hotel this date and hour, to which the Auditing Committee 
appointed at previous meeting, made the following Report : 


To the Executive C(ymmiiiee Naiioval Council of Adminislraiion^ Grand Army 
of the Republic. 

Your Special Committee to whom wtis referred the vouchers and books 
of the Quartermaster General and Adjutant-General with their financial 
reports ; beg leave to report that the vouchers and accounts have been fully 
compared, and the books, with statement of receipts and expenditures, 
found to be in accord with the Reports, and we recommend their approval. 

[Signed.^ H. J. SMITH, 


A uditing Committee. * * 

The Report of the Auditing Committee was approved 

On motion adjourned. 


Adjutant- General and Recorder, 

Continental Hotel, Philadelphia, Pa. 

4. £o p. M., September 4th, 1899. 

Pursuant to General Orders No. 10, A. G. O., July 29, 1899^ 
the National Council of Administration met this hour and date. 

Members present : The Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, W. 
C. Johnston; the Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief, Daniel Ross; 
the Adjutant-General, the Quartermaster-General, the Judge Ad- 
vocate General, and Comrades M. D. Wickersham, of Alabama ; 
W. H. Miller, of Delaware ; J. A. Commerford; of Georgia ; 
Thomas W. Scott, of Illinois; William H. Armstrong, of Indiana; 
P. W. Hager, of Kentucky ; Edward Riley, of Maine ; Marian 
A. Brian, of Maryland; W. W. Blackmar, of Massachusetts; F, 
M. Sterrett, of Missouri ; Charles Horn, of Montana ; Theo. F. 
Reed, of New York ; B. M. Moulton, of Ohio; W. H. Baktr, of 
Oklahoma; James F. Morrison, of Pennsylvania; Charles Mat- 
thews, of Washington, D. C. ; Nelson Viall, of Rhode Island ; 

Grand Army of the Republic 1 19 

Frank Seaman, of Tennessee; Henry Johnson, of Texas; S. H. 
Wood, of Vermont ; W. C. Leonard, of West Virginia ; and H. 
J. Smith, of Wisconsin. 

The Adjutant General read the minutes of the meetings of the 
National Council and of the Executive Committee held in the in- 
terim between the Thirty-second National Encampment and this 
date. On motion, the Minutes and Reports of the several meetings 
above referred to, were approved. 

The following resignations of members of the National Council 
of Administration were tendered, and were accepted : James F. 
Morrison, Department of Pennsylvania, and James P. Averill^ 
Department of Georgia and South Carolina. The announcement 
of a vacancy created on the Council of Administration by the death 
of George K. Mallory, of the Department of West Virginia, was 
made. The following Comrades were elected by acclamation to 
fill the vacancies : William F. Stewart, Department of Pennsyl- 
vania; J. A. Commerford, of the Department of Georgia and 
South Carolina; and W. C. Leonard, of the Department of West 

The Adjutant General stated that in accordance with a request 
of the National President of the Woman's Relief Corps, he de- 
sired to call the attention of the National Council to the fact that 
the Woman's Relief Corps were desirous of presenting 10 the Grand 
Army of the Republic monies to replenish their General Fund. 
The Adjutant-General and Quartermaster-General were, on motion 
of Comrade Blackmar, of Massachussetts, appointed a Committee 
to convey to the Woman's Relief Corps the thanks and appre- 
ciation of the National Council of Administration. 

Comrade Sterrett, of Missouri, in regard to the distribution of 
tickets for the grand stands, moved, that in cases where the Depart- 
ment Commander or the Assistant Adjutant-General of a Depart- 
ment were not present so as to receive the tickets and deliver them, 
that the member of the Council receive the tickets and make the 
distribution, or see that the Department Commander received them 
as promptly as possible. 



Aiijutiint General and Recorder. 

120 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Report of the Custodian. 

Independence Hall, 

Philadelphl\, Penna., August loih, 1899. 
Thos. J. Stewart, 

Adjutant General, G. A, R. 
Sir and Comrade : 

I have the honor to submit the following as my report for the 
year ending this date. 

The plan adopted last year of having this office made the 
depot and storehouse for all supplies and blanks, the same to be 
received and distributed by me under the orders of the Quarter. 
master General, was continued during the year just ended, and in 
addition to the care and custody of the records of the Grand 
Army, which I am keeping up to date, I have distributed to Depart- 
ments supplies to the amount of $5149.93, as will more fully appear 
in the report of the Quartermaster General, and also blank forms 
(for official reports), to the nunber of 52,000 in lots as required 
in each Department. 

The room for the Records as recently restored to its original 
condition by the city authorities and thoroughly renovated, is now 
admirably adapted for that purpose, and being practically fireproof 
and under a constant surveillance night and day by watchmen^ 
insures safety to the valuable records there deposited. A fireproof 
room in the basement affords ample spice for both supplies and 
blanks. All these accommodations and conveniences are a portion 
of that part ot Independence Hall granted to the Department 
of Pennsylvania, Grand Army of the Republic, by ordinance of 
Councils of the City of Philadelphia, and which the Department 
of Pennsylvania tendered to Headquarters Grand Army of the 
Republic, together with heat and light free of cost for this 

Grand Army of the Republic I2i 

I am keeping full files of all Department Reports (with many 
duplicates), and many valuable documents pertaining to the his- 
tory of our Order, are constantly coming into my possession as 

Acknowledging your kindness and courtesy during the past 
two years of our official intercourse, I am 

Fraternally yours, 



122 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Report of the Quartermaster-General. 

Headquarters, Memorial Hall, 

Chicago, Illinois, August 23, 1899. 
Thomas J. Stewart, 

Adjutant- General, Grand Army of Republic, 

Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Dear Sir and Comrade : 

I have the honor to submit, as required by the Rules and Reg- 
ulations of the of the Grand Army of the Republic, the report 
of my administration of the affairs of the office of Quartermaster- 
General for the year ending August 23, 1899. 

In the discharge of my duties I have been greatly assisted by 
Comrade J. Henry Holcomb, Custodian of Records, Independence 
Hall, Philadelphia. His prompt, intelligent, conscientious and 
faithful work in the purchase and issuance of all supplies, justifies 
me in reiterating the recommendation of my predecessor **that this 
method of handling supplies be continued.*' 

In addition to the funds and securities turned over to me by 
Comrade Charles Burrows, the retiring Quartermaster-General, as 
shown in his ''Supplementary Report,*' there was placed in my 
hands by Comrade James A. Sexton, our late beloved Commander. 
in-Chief, the sum of $2,000.00 (Two thousand dollars) contributed 
to our Organization by its auxiliary, the Woman's Relief Corps of 
the United States. 

From yourself and all connected with your Headquarters and 
from National and Department Officers and Comrades generally, I 
have received the utmost courtesy and kindness, for which I am 
deeply grateful. 

All of which is respectfully submitted in Fraternity, Charity and 


Quartermaster- General, 

Grand Army of the Republic 12 j 


I. Supplementary Report of Charles Burrows, Q. M. G. 

II. Account Current. 

III. Receipts from Sale of Supplies. 

IV. ** *' per capita tax. 

V. *' ** Interest on U. S. Bonds. 

VI. Shipment of Flags to Southern Cemeteries. 

VII. Southern Memorial Fund. 

VIII. Grant Monument Fund. 

IX. Sherman Memorial Fund. 

X. Contribution Fund Woman's Relief Corps. 

XI. Supplies purchased. 
XII. ** received, issued and on hand. 

XIII. Expenditures, 

XIV. Assets. 

XV. Investments. 

1 hirty-third National Encampment 


-xcccived Irom Sale of Supplies $387 28 

deceived from Massachusetts division , Sons of Vet- 
erans, for Southern Memorial Fund 25 00 

Received for Ciarkson Testimonial 30 00 

Total f 442 28 

Balance on hand August 10th, 1898 9,902 79 

$10,345 07 


W. H. Armstrong, Ciarkson Testimonial $ 475 00 

'* expenses Ciarkson Testimonial . 7 35 
*' *' attending meeting Ex. 
Committee 6 50 

Ell Torrance, expenses as Chairman of Committee on 

Monument to Patriotic Women of America . . 66 50 

Ell Torrance, Judge Advocate General, expenses at- 
tending 32d National Encampment 13 00 

Frank C. Bruner, expenses attending 32d National 

Encampment 65 00 

Robert W. Hill, expanses attending 32d National En- 
campment Ex. Committee .' . . 40 00 

Ellwood Craig, expanses attending 32d National En- 
campment Ex. Committee 15 50 

Luman L. Cad «rell, expenses attending 32 J National 

Encampment Ex. Committee 32 50 

Thomas W. Scott, expenses, etc 18 80 

F. M. Sterrett, expenses, etc 19 00 

Charles Burrows, Q. M. G., expenses to Cincinnati 

and office expenses 90 60 

J. P. S. Gobin, Commander-in-Chief, expenses attend- 
ing 32d National Encampment 34 84 

J. L. Binnjti, Stenographer for Cincinnati Encamp' t, 200 00 

$ 1.084 5J 

Balance turned over to Fred. W. Spink, Q. M. G. $ 9,260 At 

To be credited as follows : — 

General Fund $ 1,790 29 

Southern Memorial Fund .... 1,465 85 

Grant Monument Fund 5,777 69 

Sherman Monument Fund .... 226 65 

$9,260 48 

Grand Army of the Republic 125 

II. — Account Currents/or year ending August 15th j8gg. 

Cash Dr. 

Rec. from Charles Burrows, Q. M. G., Oct 7th 1898 ; 

General Fund $1790 29 

Southern Memorial Fund 1465 85 

Grant Monument Fund . . 5777 69 

Sherman Memorial Fund 226 65 

$mm 48 

Rec. from James A. Sexton, Commander-in-Chief, 

Contribution from W. R. C . . $2000 00 

Rec. Int. on Southern Memorial Fund to 

April 11th, 1899 21 99 

Rec. Int. on Grant Monument Fund to April 11, 

1899 .... 86 67 

Rec. Int. on Sherman Memorial Fund to April 

11th, 1899 3 40 

Rec. lit. on Contribution W. R. C. to April 

11th, 1899 30 00 

Rec. Int. on U. S. Bonds to July 1st, 1899 . . 640 00 

Rec. from sale of Supplies 5149 93 

Per Capita Tax 7357 00 

Contributionsfor Memorial Day, 1899 1759 21 

117048 20 


For Memorial Day, 1899 $1306 63 

For Supplies 4095 88 

For Traveling Expense 1398 08 

For Salaries 3301 33 

For Postage, Stationery and Incidentals . . . 4534 31 

I14G36 23 

Total balance on hand 311072 45 

To be credited as follows ; 

General Fund $1607 62 

Southern Memorial P^und 1940 42 

Grant Monument Fund 5864 36 

Sherman Memorial I'und 230 05 

Contribution Fund from \V. R. C 2030 00 

511672 15 

t« << 

« t t i 

126 Thirty -third National Encampment 

III. — Abstract of amount of * ' Sales of Supplies ' * made by Fred, W, 
Spink f Quartermaster- General, G. A, /^., during the year 
ending August isth, i8g^. 

By whom purchased. Amount. 

Alabama $ 1 03 

Arizona 7 40 

Arkansas 26 58 

California and Nevada 170 12 

Colorado and Wyoming 123 84 

Connecticut 19 62 

Delaware 26 60 

Florida 8 30 

Georgia 16 51 

Idaho 32 45 

Illinois 467 56 

Indiana 197 03 

Indian Territory 13 30 

Iowa 113 96 

Kansas 224 39 

Keniucky 30 48 

Louisiana and Mississippi 23 72 

Maine 83 56 

Maryland 81 45 

Massachusetts 231 21 

Michigan 207 37 

Minnesota ... 107 17 

Missouri 194 71 

Montana 8 30 

Nebraska 32 50 

New Hampshire 51 91 

New Jersey 87 71 

New Mexico 6 48 

New York 505 96 

North Dakota 13 13 

Ohio 499 47 

Oklahoma 31 65 

Oregon 128 20 

Pennsylvania 579 43 

Potomac 72 35 

Rhode Island 33 78 

South Dakota . 19 56 

Tennessee 33 24 

Texas 24 26 

Utah 6 35 

Vermont 43 05 

Virginia and North Carolina ... 25 34 

Washington and Alaska 89 34 

West Virginia 11 58 

Wisconsin 178 37 

A. C. Bakewell, special aid 1 00 

Aide-de-Camps 248 10 

Woman's Relief Corps 10 50 

Total . S5149 93 

Grand Army of the Republic 


IV -Per Capita TaxrecHvedby Fred, W, Spink, Quartermaster General^ 

G, A, R.,for Year ending August 23d, i8gg. 





Calitornia and Nevada . . . 
Colorado and Wyoming . . . 








Indian Territory 




Louisiana and Mississippi . 






Missouri • ■ • 



New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Dakota 



< )regon 



Rhtxle Island 

South Dakota 





Virginia and North Carolina 
Washinji^ion and Alaska . . 

West Virginia 



Terms Ending. 

Dec. 31, 1898. 

June 30, 1899. 

|2 41 


2 50 


10 21 


63 95 

61 29 

29 33 

26 02 

67 30 


7 41 


4 «5 

4 39 

6 67 


4 63 

4 48 

293 79 

291 38 

2x9 22 

215 72 




186 91 

166 14 

170 26 

43 68 

41 84 

14 42 

10 61 

93 35 

90 52 


32 79 

252 00 

246 67 

»94 14 

189 20 

«5 75 


160 24 

147 10 


5 75 

80 50 

80 56 

48 17 

46 70 


74 46 

I 79 

1 80 

434 49 

418 59 

9 43 

6 82 

356 31 

322 47 

^5 95 

6 30 

23 23 

21 23 

3^5 3^ 

377 08 

33 91 

33 54 

24 73 

24 50 

26 40 

17 18 

22 45 

21 60 

8 IS 

8 34 

2 70 

2 98 

5i 75 

48 6'^ 


13 31 

34 03 

28 24 

N 03 

15 80 

132 03 

127 92 

I375S 35 

53601 65 

V — Interest on U. S. Bonds. 

Twelve Months' Interest to July 1st, 18J)i) . 

. . .% (>40 00 

128 Thirty-third National Encampment 

VI — Southern Memorial Fund, 


John B. Newell, Richmond, Va 3,000 

J.Thompson Carr, Portsmouth, Va 1,000 

James E. Fuller, Norfolk, Va 500 

A. A. Hager, National Soldiers' Home, Va 3,000 

John Bird, Petersburg, Va 4,250 

W. H. Deaver, Asheville, N. C 450 

J. V. Davis, Alexandria, Va 500 

W. H. Martin, Raleigh, N. C 2,000 

Thomas Krementz, Baton Rouge, La 300 

Thomas Shea, Vicksburg, Miss 800 

R. C. Taylor, Natchez, Miss 1,500 

J. B. Erion, Pineville, La 500 

Ed. M. Main, New Orleans, La 500 

James M. Dickey, Corinth, Miss 3,000 

Ed. H. Main, New Orleans, La 500 

F. H. Greatorex, St. Augustine, Fla 250 

John H. Bolton, San Antonio, Texas \MiO 

T. H. Savage, Winchester, Va 300 

W. H. Woodsman, Little Rock, Ark 4,000 

H. Stone, Ft. Smith, Ark 1,500 

Joseph Hadley, Fayetteville, Ark 1,000 

Tobias Hall, Nashville. Tenn 1,500 

Cieorge Hook, Memphis, Tenn 1.500 

John Trindle, Chattanooga, Tenn 1.5(K) 

C. H. Smart, Nashville, Tenn 1,000 

M. M. Harris, Knoxville, Tenn 1,000 

Total 35.200 

Purchased of Wm. H. Horstmann Company 50,000 

On hand 14,800 

Grand Army of the Republic 129 

VII — Southern Memorial Fund. 


Post 1, San Francisco t 10 00 


Post 33, Cheyenne, Wyo | 5 00 

86, Hotchkiss, Col 3 00 

105, Vernon 1 45 

Department Encampment 26 55 

— $ 36 00 


Post 1, Norwich $ 5 00 

4, Manchester 5 00 

8, Meriden 5 00 

17, New Haven 25 00 

23, Stamford 5 00 

50, Hartford 10 00 

65, East Hartford 5 00 


Posts of the Department | 20 00 


Post 40. Chicago $ 2 00 

45, Galesburg 1 00 

49, Elgin 3 00 

55. Centralia 2 00 

67, Peoria 5 00 

(X, Streator 2 00 

Hi, Kirkwood 50 

91, Chicago 2 00 

92, OIney 1 00 

98, Freeport 3 00 

115, Hoopeston 2 00 

141. Decatur 2 00 

174, Bushnell 2 50 

177, Brimfield 2 00 

1H2, Lincoln 2 (M) 

210, Cerro Gordo 1 00 

263, Homer 1 00 

2*^1, Marseilles . 1 00 

2<J, De Kalb 2 00 

291, Gridley 1 00 

$ 60 00 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

VII — Southern Memorial Fund, — Continued 

Post 299, 

Dixon . . . 
Princeton . 
Moline . . 
Toulon . . 
Morris . . 
Mt. Erie . . 


Evanston . 
Chicago . . 
Oak Park . 
Vernon . . 
New Athens 
Chicago . . 
Harvey . - 
Desplaines . 


Post 171, Brookston t 

276, Lowell 

281, Indianapolis 

350, Ridgeville 

548, Vallonia 


Post 17, Mitchellville . 

20, Mt. Pleasant . 

22, Sioux City . . 

48, West Union . 

54, Independence 
103, Mandamin . . 
206, Marion . . . 
228, Mechanics ville 
516, Bonaparte . . 


Post 63, Abilene 
159, Clyde . 

5 00 




3 00 



2 00 

2 00 







t 1 







$ 1 














$ 2 




Post 15, Machias $ 200 


Post 3, Baltimore 



5 00 
2 00 
2 50 




61 00 

7 00 

15 00 

3 00 

9 50 

Grand Army of the Republic 




































VII — !^ouihem Memorial -F««rf— -Continued 


South Boston $ 500 

Fitchburg 5 00 

Milford 5 00 

Roxbury 10 00 

Salem 5 00 

Maiden 5 00 

Cambridge 5 00 

Dorchester 5 00 

Whitman 2 00 

Westboro 5 00 

Quincy 5 00 

Brighton 5 00 

Shelburn Falls 5 00 

Sumerville 5 00 

Aihol 3 00 

Brookline 5 00 

Woburn 5 00 

Norwood 2 00 

Cambridgeport 5 00 

Reading 3 00 

Centreville 1 00 


Hillsdale $ 1 00 

Benton Harbor 2 00 

Otsego 1 00 

Saginaw 1 (K) 

Charlotte 1 00 

Adrian 5 00 

Jackson 1 00 

Shelby 1 00 

Lansing 1 00 

Wayland 3 00 

Mancelona 1 00 

Fowlerville 1 00 

St. Johns 1 50 

Parlello 1 00 

Holland 1 00 

Ecorse I 00 

Reese 1 00 

Levonia 50 

Perrington 1 00 

Ironwooa I <H) 

96 00 

27 00 

132 Thirty -third National Encampment 

Wl\—Sou/hem Memorial T^iwrf— Continued 


Post 2, Anoka % 1 00 

15, Tracy 2 00 

47, Farmington . . 1 00 

92, Cannon Falls 2 00 

93, Waterville 1 00 

W. R. C. 21, Farmington 50 


Post 104, Talmage $ 1 00 


Post 2, Concord % 500 

22, Rochester 5 00 

42, Plymouth 5 00 

52, Enfield 5 00 

Department Headquarters 5 00 

Comrade D. A. Brown, Penacook 5 00 


Post 5, Camden % 5 00 

6. Port Norris 1 00 

14, Union 5 00 

22, Bayonne 5 00 

23, Trenton 5 00 

25, Elizabeth 5 00 

81, Hoboken 3 00 


Post 9, I i^ 5 00 

102, Moriah Centre 2 00 

140, New York City 10 00 

175, Port Byron 1 00 

236, Brockport 1 00 

271, Fulton 2 00 

279, Port Jervis 2 00 

327, Brooklyn 10 00 

3G8, Jamaica 5 00 

444, Marion 1 00 

624, Georgetown 1 00 

644, Albany 2 00 

I 7 50 

30 00 

% 29 00 

% 42 00 

Grand Army of the Republic 133 

Yll—SouiAerH Memorial T^w^— Continued 


Post 5, National Military Home 3 00 

15, Toledo 3 00 

23, Dayton 5 00 

29, Youngstown 3 00 

33, Bellevue 2 OO 

47, Cincinnati . '. 2 00 

49, Elyria 1 00 

80, Andover 1 00 

81, Zanesville 3 00 

107, Toledo 3 00 

134, Massiion 3 00 

186, Cincinnati 1 00 

229, Burton 2 00 

232, Georgetown 1 00 

249, New Berlin 60 

252, Peru 1 00 

283, Forest 1 00 

341, Frost 2 00 

350. Cleveland 1 00 

560, Wilkesville 2 00 

56.S, Edgerton 1 00 

598, Miamisburg 1 00 

640, Huford 1 00 

658, Hannibal 1 00 


Post 53, Myrtle Point . . $ 1 95 


Post 1, Philadelphia 5 00 

5, *• 5 00 

7, ** 5 00 

22, Danville 1 00 

23, Pottsville 5 00 

25. Chester 5 00 

35, Philadelphia 3 00 

54, Coatesville 1 00 

62, Altoona 3 00 

W>, Apollo 3 00 

91, Canton 2 (X) 

100, New Castle 5 (M) 

110. Mahanoy City 3 00 

122, Lock Haven 2 00 

44 50 



Thirty-third National Encampment 

VII — Southern Memorial /*««</— Continued 


Post 129, Milton 2 00 

139, Scranton 5 00 

141, Bradford 2 00 

142, Renovo 1 OO 

151, Pittsburgh 5T0O 

157, ** 5 OO 

159, Berwick 2 00 

170, Catawissa 1 00 

178, 1 OO 

182, Bethlehem 1 00 

192, Reynoldsville 2j00 

217, Easton 2 00 

220, Franklin 5 OO 

226, Marietta 1 00 

229, DuBois 1 00 

293, Hoiitzdale 1 00 

312, Philadelphia 2 00 

334, PVankford 2 50 

365, McConnellsburg • . . . 1 00 

378, Catasauqua 1 00 

406, Strasburg IjOO 

425, St. Petersburg 2 00 

484, Lehighton 1 00 

497, Zelienople 1 00 

527, South pethlehem 2 00 

545, Bennett 2 00 

591, Bryii Mawr 2 00 


Post 2. Washington, D. C $ 5 00 


Post 1, Providence $ 5 00 

3, Central Falls 5 50 

8, Riverside 2 00 

9. 5 00 

10, Providence 5 00 

17, Pawtucket 10 00 

21, Newport 5 00 

25, Providence 2 00 


Post 6, Greensboro Bend $ 2 t?5 

$ 102 50 

39 50 

Grand Army of the Republic 135 

VII — Southern Memorial /^«ii^— Continued 


Post 2, Vancouver t 500 

6, Tacoma 2 00 

35, Mt. Vernon 2 00 


Post 11, Madison % 5 00 

53, Eau Claire . . 3 00 

85, Viola 3 11 

125, Mineral Point 2 00 

126, Pardeeville . 1 00 

193, West Bend 2 00 

195, Merrimack 90 

201, Burlington 1 00 

207. Marinette 5 00 


Department of Illinois % 46 85 

51028 56 


California & Nevada % 10 00 

Colorado & Wyoming 36 00 

Connecticut 60 00 

Delaware 20 00 

Illinois 61 00 

Indiana 7 00 

Iowa 15 00 

Kansas 3 00 

Maine 2 00 

Maryland 9 50 

Massachusetts !)6 00 

Michigan .27 00 

Minnesota 7 50 

Nebraska 1 00 

New Hampshire 30 00 

New Jersey 20 00 

New York 42 00 

Ohio 41 50 

Oregon 1 95 

Pennsylvania 102 50 

% 9 00 

% 23 01 

136 Thirty-third National Encampment 

VII. — Southern Memorial /^««fl^— Continued. 

Potomac 5 00 

Rhode Island 39 50 

Vermont 2 35 

Washington & Alaska 9 00 

Wisconsin 23 01 

Ladies of the G. A. R 44 86 

Woman's Relief Corps 1028 56 

$ 1759 21 


Balance from Report 1898 $ 1,465 85 

Six Months* Interest to April 11, 1899, 

at 3 per cent, per annum .... 21 99 

Received from Posts of the G. A. R 683 81 

** Ladies of the G. A. R 46 84 

National Treasurer W. R. C. . . . 1,028 56 

$3,247 05 


t ( <( 

50,000 Flags purchased from W. H. Horstmann Co., $ 520 83 

Express Charge on P'lags to Destination .... 50 80 

Cash sent Robert E. McDonald, Charlotte, N. C. . 100 00 

Edgar Allan, Richmond, Va 100 00 

R. G. Griffin, Yorktown, Va 30 00 

Alex. Mattison, Com. Dept. of Georgia . 250 00 

John H. Bolton, San Antonio, Texas . . 30 00 

A. A. Hager, National Soldiers* 

Home, Va., 40 00 

Frank Seamen, Knoxville, Tenn 100 00 

W. H. Deaver, A.shville, N. C 25 00 

]. S. W. Eagles, Wilmington, N. C. . . 30 00 

Samuel Holloway, Newberne, N. C. . . 30 00 

1 1,306 63 

Balance on hand 1,940 42 


C ( 

1 1 


Grand Army of the Republic 




Reeeived trom sale of supplies to Nat Aides as per 

sapplementary requisitions Nos. 1 to 16 iuclusive $ 17 10 

Eeeeived from sale of supplies to Departments as per 

sapplementary requisitions Nos. 1 to 14 inclusive 314 48 

Total ^331 68 

Balanoe on band August 16, 1899 11,672 46 

-^12,004 03 



174 David C. Gotwals, Philadelphia, extra allow- 
ance salary, order of Ex. Comiuittee . . . $104 00 

176 J. Henry Holcomb, Philadelphia, extra al- 
lowance salary, order of Ex. Committee . 300 00 

176 M. D. Wickersham, Mobile, Ala., expense 

attending Nat. Encp., member of Kx. (.'om. 46 30 

177 John W. Burst. Sycamore, III., enpense in- 

curred as member Nat. Com. on Peii.«<ion8 . 54 45 

178 John Palmer, New York City, expeuwe in- 

curred as member Nat. Com. on Pen.sion.s . 50 00 

179 J. H. Wilson Co., Philadeli)hia, i.)r Nat. 

Headquarters fla^ and refiui.shin^ old Htaff 61 50 

IdO R. B. Brown, Zanesville, Ohio, expense in- 
curred as member Nat. Com. on PeuKiious . 45 Iq 

Thirty-third National Encampment 

181 R. B. Brown, ZaDesville, Ohio, expense in- 

cnrred as member Nat. Com. on Pensions . 39 50 

182 Ell Torrenoe, Minneapolis, Minn., services 

and expense incnrred as Nat. Jadge Ad 
Tocate-Greneral 250 00 

183 Baldvrin, Miller & Co., Indianapolis, Ind., 

. bill for testimanials to Adjt. Gen. Stewart 
and Q. M, Gen. Bnrrows . 555 18 

184 Fred. W. Spink, Chicago, Ills., office expense* 

for July, Ang., and Sept., expense attend- 
" ing Thirty-tbird Nat. Encampment .... 24 00 

185 Fred. W. Spink, Q. M. G., Chicago, 111., 

salary to September 10, 1899 100 00 

186 H. P. Thompson, Cbicago, Ills., ex. incurred 

attending meeting Ex. Com. at Philadel- 
phia, April 12, 1899, by order of Ex. Com. 17 00 

187 W. H. Armstrong, Indianapolis, Ind., ex. at- 

tending 33d Nat. Encp., member Ex. Com. 34 05 

188 W. B. Folger, (/incinnati. O.. ex. in. attend- 

ing 33d Nat. Encp. and bal. sal. as A. A. G. H7 50 

189 Daniel R. Lucas, Rockford, Ills., expense 

incurred as Nat. Chaplain-in-Chiel . ... 500 

190 Thomas W. Scott, Fairfield, Ills., expense 

attending 33d Nat. Encp , mem. Ex. Com. 37 75 

191 F. M. Sterrett, St. Ix)nis, Mo., expense at- 

tending 33d Nat. Encp., mem. Ex. Com. . 39 35 

192 H. J. Smith, Racine, Wis., expense attend- 

ing 33d Nat. Encp., member Ex. Com. . . 36 20 

193 Albert S. Pierce, Hastings, Neb., expense 

incnrred as Surgeon-Greneral 16 50 

194 Pike Building Co.. Cincinnati, 0., rent Sept., 

1899, Hd. Qrs. Com. -in-Chief Johnson . . 25 00 

$ 1,930 38 

Balance turned over to Edw. J. Atkinson. Q. M. G. $10,073 65 

Grand Army of the Republic 

To \^ ci-«iit«»d as follows : 

0€»iieral Fund ^ ^ ^ 

>^«tHern Memorial Fund .... ,,940 42 

Oi^nt; Monnment Fnnd 5^«g4 .^^ 

>*yi«*rman Memorial Fund .... 2:^0 d", 
Oontribntion Fund from W. R. (;. o.o.-V) (X, 

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Balance from Report 1898 $ 5,777 69 

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Balance on hand $ 5,864 36 

IX — Shetman Memorial Fund. 

Balance from Report 1898 f 226 65 

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at 3 per cent, per annum .... 3 40 
Balance on hand % 230 05 

X— ^. R, C Donation Fund. 

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at 3 per cent, per annum .... 30 00 

Balance on hand 5 2,030 00 

Supply Account August loth^ iSgg. 

Supplies Dr. 

Balance on hand August loth, 1^9-^ . . |1, 0(58 81 

F*urchased by Charles Burrows ....••.... ()49 60 

Purchased by Fred. \V. Spink 3,271 2S 

$1,989 69 

Supplies sold by Charles Burrows, (see Journal) . 5 387 28 

Supplies sold by Fred. \V. S()ink 5,149 93 

Balance on hand August loth, H99 1,099 91 

$6,637 15 

Profit SI, 617 46 


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XIV — XV — Assets and Investments. 


Cash General fund |1607 62 

** Grant Monument Fund 5864 36 

•• Sherman Memorial Fund 230 05 

** Southern Memorial Fund 1940 42 

" Contribution Fund W. R. C 2030 00 

Total Cash }11672 45 

Value of supplies on hand (cost) 1099 94 

Gun metal in hands of J. K.Davison 239 20 

Lithograph stones 20 00 

Electrotypes . 9 00 

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United States Bonds, 4 per cent., due 1907, par value .... $16000 00 

148 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Report of Inspector-General. 

Office of the Inspector-General, 

Grand Army of the Republic, 

Providence, R. I., June 20, 1899. 
Thos. J. Stewart, 

Adjutant' General y G. A, R,, 

Fhi/ade/phiay Fenna, 
Comrade : 

I have the honor to submit herewith my report, including a 
consolidated report of the statistics received from Department In- 
spectors, and reports from Assistant Inspectors-General. 

I. Reports of Department Inspectors. 

It seems rather remarkable that so many Department Inspectors 
are unacquainted with the rules defining the duties of their office, 
and particularly with the rule which requires them to furnish the 
Inspector-General with a report * 'within thirty days after the com- 
pletion of the inspection of the Department.** After long delay 
and upon urgent demand, the Inspector of one of best managed 
Departments sends his report accompanied by the naive excuse 
that he was not aware the Department Inspector was required to 
"furnish a report to the Inspector-General." Very few Inspectors 
pay any attention to the time limit set by the rules within which 
reports shall be made. I call attention to this as a matter of 
record and not with any desire to criticise. Doubtless many In- 
spectors are]delayed by the fact that reports from inspections have 
not been received, but in some cases I am convinced the delay has 
been due to neglect on the part of the Department Inspector. At 
this point I may call attention to the inconsistency of the rule as 
amended in 1897, Chapter V, Section i, by which inspectors ot 
Posts are required to report ** to the Department Inspector within 
thirty days after the inspection,*' i. e., not later than thirty days 
after December 31st; and the Inspector is required to furnish his 

Grand Army of the Republic 149 

''report to the Inspector-General within thirty days after the com- 
pletion of the Inspection of the Department/' i. e., not later than 
thirty days after December 31st. This gives the Department 
Inspector no time in which to make up his report, while before the 
amendment he was allowed thirty days for the same. One Depart- 
ment Inspector, himself a member of the Committee on Rules 
at the National Encampment in 1897, claims that his report was 
not due until March ist, while the Inspector-General holds that the 
rule requires him to furnish it * 'within thirty days after December 
31st," the date set for the close of inspections. I suggest that the 
rule be again amended so that the last line of the first paragraph 
read: "not later than December 31st,'* m place of the words, 
*' within thirty days after the completion of the inspection." Re- 
poris have been finally received from every department, three 
within the time limit: Rhode Island, Dec. 22; Maine, Jan. 11, 
and Pennsylvania, Jan. 24. Six in February : Alabama, Colorado 
and Wyoming, Indiana, Massachusetts, Vermont, Virginia and 
North Carolina; three in March: Nebraska, New York, Washing- 
ton and Alaska; eighteen in April, fourteen in May, and one, 
Montana, in June, 

Now, in regard 10 the correctness, completeness and value of 
these reports I wish to speak in particular. The reports from some 
Departments are models of accuracy and the statistics furnished 
will be of much value to future historians, but the reports from 
some other Departments are models of inaccuracy and will only 
serve to mislead those who may quote them. I have no doubt that 
a century after the Grand Army has closed its books, students will 
study diligently this very table of statistics which I herewith sub- 
mit, and I wish now to warn them not to put too much confidence 
in the **totals" at the bottom of the page. These totals are vitiated 
by the inaccuracies in many of the ro[)orts included. My full duty 
would require me to submit a complete analysis, pointing out in 
detail as far as possible these errors, but this would call for a much 
longer report than I would be warranted in submitting. 1 consider 
it my duty, however, to call attention to the unreliableness of many 
of these reports. Of course, I have in most cases no absolute test 
by which to verify the reports, but by careful comparison of the 
reports for a series of years I have reached my conclusion of the 
accuracy or inaccuracy of a report. Allow me to submit a few 

150 Thirty-third National Encampment 

instances as illustrations. Column one gives the total number of 
Posts, column* eight the number inspected, column eleven the num- 
ber not inspected. Several Inspectors seem unable or unwillmg to 
make the simple arithmetical calculation to determine the number 
not inspected; one reports 219 Posts, 136 inspected, not inspected, 
none. In all such cases I have taken the liberty to correct the 
reports. It ought to be an easy matter to determine the number 
of Posts in a given Department on a given date. Look at a few 
specimen reports ; one Department reports total number of Posts 
for three years, 1897-8-9 respectively, 434, 276, 416; another 
Department 390, 394, 213; still another, 36, 41, 32; such reports 
bear on their face their inaccuracy. The case becomes even more 
obscure when above figures are compared with those submitted in 
the report of the Adjutant-General covering precisely the same date 
December 31st. In place of 276 above he gives 420, and in place 
of 36 and 41, he gives 30 and 29. I report this year a total of 7184 
Posts and trust it may be approximately correct. It ought also to 
be possible to obtain approximately the number of members in 
good standing on a given date, but by a careful study of the reports 
for the past few years 1 am persuaded no one can estimate the num- 
ber in the Grand Army within fifty thousand. This should not be. 
The study of the reports is very interesting. I will mention a few 
only as specimens: Reports of members in good standing for three 
years, 1897-8-9 respectively: Mo. 12, 340; 13, 612; 9, 276; 
Mont. 375; 454; 233; Neb. 7, 264; — ; 4, 424; North Dak- 
573; 395; 5^8; Or. 1981; 1765; 1392; Tenn. 1662; 2145; 
1795 » ^' ^^' 1982, 1982, 1423. When one examines these figures 
closely and considers the wide variations, and then compares them 
with the statistics given in the report of the Adjutant-General cov- 
ering the same date, he is compelled to question the accuracy of 
the reports. Three illustrations from the third column will suffice : 
Ind. Ter., number of Posts 1897-8-9 respectively 15, 24, 19, num- 
ber in which work of ritual is properly exemplified 1897-8-9 re- 
spectively 15, 22, I. Such rapid degeneracy is hardly conceivable. 
Ken., number of Posts 1897-8-9 respectively 173, 192, 219, num- 
ber in which work of ritual is properly exemplified respectively 60, 
41, 130. Such rapid improvement is possible. Md., Posts, 57, 
53, 53, number in which work of ritual is properly exemplified 44, 
36, 53, a most remarkable fluctuation. Allow me to add a lew 

Grand Army of the Republic 151 

imples from column four: Ala. 1897-8-9, number of Posts by 
yenrs respectively: 13, 13, 13; number of Posts in whicli officers 
and guards are properly uniformed and equipped, 6, 5, o ; Ken., 
number of Posts, 173, 192, 219, equipped 30, 12, 100; Mich., 
number of Posts 382; 385, 389, equipped 165, 78, 73; Mo., num- 
ber of Posts 390, 394, 213 (note loss of 181 Posts during year), 
equipped 49, 47, 109; Tenn., number of Posts 91, 90, 76, equip- 
ped 10, II, 24; Va., North Car., number of Posts 54, 55, 56, 
equipped 22, 43, 10; Wash.-Alaska, number of Posts 81,97, 76, 
equipped 5, 20, 5. It seems increditable that there should be any 
such variation from year to year as these figures indicate. Column 
five calls for the " Number of Posts in which the members are uni- 
formed." Note a few answers and judge of their accuracy, cover- 
ing the years, 1897-8-9; Cal., 15, 3, 15 ; Col. 12, 3, 21 ; Del. 14, 
9, 20; Ind., 23, 18, 41 ; Iowa, 19, 47, 28; Ken., 21, 8, 75 ; Me., 
95» 46, 70; Mich., 144, 43. 69; Mo., 50, 27, 109; Ohio, 48, 92. 
35 ; Tenn., o, 7, 35 ; Wash., o, 18, 2. Analyze the last report : 
If it were true in 1897 that no Post was uniformed and in 1898 18 
were uniformed, one would naturally infer that the uniforms were 
new, and would be surprised to learn that only 2 Posts were uni- 
formed in 1899. I will note only one other case to illustrate the 
inaccuracy of some of these reports. As the Inspector failed to send 
in his report, I wrote to the Department Commander requesting 
him to have the Assistant Adjutant-General forward me a copy of 
the Inspector's consolidated report, which was received in due 
time. Late in May the report of the Inspector was also received. 
The comparison was interesting, but not instructive. Assistant 
Adjutant-General says there are 61 Posts in the Department, the 
Inspector says 40; Assistant Adjutant-General says ritual is properly 
exemplified in 61 Posts, Inspector says in 16, Assistant Adjutant- 
General says 40 Posts have forwarded reports and per capita tax. 
Inspector says 20 : the figures in the other columns are even wider 
apart. Such discrepancies naturally cast a little suspicion upon the 
accuracy of the Inspector's report included in my table. 

It is not so easy to suggest a remedy for the defects above 
mentioned. In some cases the Department Inspectors are clearly 
negligent, and in many cases the fault seems to lie with those ap- 
pointed to inspect Posts and with the Posts themselves. Assistant 
Inspectors tail to make up their rei)orts and forward them promptly 

1 52 Thirty-third National Encampment 

to the Department Inspector. Posts when notified that they are to 
be ready for inspection, should not only have all their records in 
shape, but should have all the statistics desired prepared for the In- 
spector when he arrives. These records will be of great value to 
our descendants and it is worth the while to make ihem approxi- 
mately accurate. I recommend that the first question in ** Form 
E-2" read: "Total number of Posts in the Department/' as it is 
now often misunderstood. Also that the fifth question read : ** Per- 
centage of attendance at Post meetings." The present answers to 
the fifth question are very indefinite and often unintelligible. The 
usual answers, *'fair,'* **good," ''Excellent," etc., are relative terms 
and mean very different things to different reporters. Some answer 
the question in numerals; for example, Colorado answers 43, and 
as she has 59 Posts I suppose it was meant that the attendance at 43 
was regular. But Conn, answers 165 and has only 69 Posts; Mo. 
has 213 Posts and answers 176; Tenn. has 76 and answers 55. 
Evidently different Inspectors have in mind quite different ques- 
tions in framing their answers. Near the close of the year when 
the Inspector-General sits down to study all these minute details 
for his report it is too late to send to the Departments for addi- 
tional information, and then, too, many of the Inspectors are 
already out of office. 

II. Reports of As'jistant Inspfxtors-General . 

Office of Inspector- General, 

Providence, R. I., December 20, 1898. 


Assistant Inspector- Generals are requested f.o forward to these 
Headquarters not later than March i, 1899, ^ report upon the mat- 
ters specified below. This report should be based upon conditions 
prevailing January i, 1899, in order that uniformity may be se- 
cured. The report must be concise and brief, and topics classified 
and numbered as follows: 

I. Department, i. Condition of Headquarters. 2. Obser- 
vance of Memorial Day by Posts. 3. To what extent do Depart- 
ment Officers visit Posts? 4. How many Posts own Burial Lots 

*.. , 

Grand Army of the Republic 153 

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"""^ - t* 


partments: Col., Wym., Idaho, Indian Ten, Iowa, Mass., North 
Dak., Okla. 

1 52 Thirty-third National Encampment 

vance of Memorial Day by Posts. 3. To what extent do Depart- 
ment Officers visit Posts? 4. How many Posts own Burial Lots 

Grand Army of the Republic iS3 

5. How many Posts have Associate Members? 6. General con- 
dition of Department. 

II. Auxiliary Organizations, i. Sons of Veterans. 2. Woman's 
Relief Corps. 3. Ladies of G. A. R. 

III. Homes — Number and Condition, i. State Soldiers' Homes. 
3. National Soldiers' Homes. 3. G. A. R. Homes. 4. Woman s 
Relief Corps' Homes. 5. Soldiers* Orphans' Homes. 6. Amount 
of "State Aid." 

IV. Schools, I. Participation in Observance of Memorial Day? 
2, Does "Old Glory" float over school houses? 3. Do Comrades 
hold patriotic exercises in schools? 4. How is the History of Civil 
War taught ? 

V. Public, I. Do people generally observe Memorial Day? 

2. What is the public, moral and social support given to the Grand 

Armv of the Republic? 


Inspector- General, 

Answers are at hand from 36 Departments, of which 8 were re- 
ceived within the time stated March t, 1899; these were in order 
from: Minn., Conn., Mich., N. J., Vt., La., Miss,, Pot., Del. 
Eighteen were received in March, five in April, one in May, and 
four in June. I have marked 11 of these as excellent and recom- 
mend they be published entire as herewith submitted. Some of 
them are rather long but all the information is valuable and should 
be preserved. Ten others I have marked as ^i:^ood and 9 as fairy 
and I recommend these be printed in tlie abbreviated form here- 
with submitted. Five I have marked as poor. If sj)ace and ex- 
pense are to be considered these reports might be ommitted without 
much loss. It is positively gratifying to read the favorable reports 
these national officers give of the condition of our noble Order, and 
I feel under personal obligation to them for the interest they have 
manifested in the duties of their ottice. It is with keen regret that 
I am compelled to report that I have been unable to secure any 
returns from the Assistant Inspectors-General in the following De- 
partments : Col., Wym., Idaho, Indian Ter., Iowa, Mass., North 
Dak., Okla. 

154 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Allow me in conclusion to say that in my opinion, founded on 
an extensive correspondence with every Department and on per- 
sonal visits to many States on official occasions, the moral of the 
Grand Army of the Republic was never better than it is to-day. As 
a consequence of the marvelous achievements of the last year, the 
public in general look more proudly upon the wearers of the little 
bronze button, and the tottering forms themselves seem to walk a 
little more erect. 

With grateful remembrance of your unfailing courtesy and many 
kindnesses, I beg respectfully to submit this report. 

In Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty, 


Inspector- General. 

Grand Army of the Republic 155. 



Maiioah Bostick, A. I. G. 
1. Department : 

I. Headquarters are still at Birmingham, where they have been since 
the Department was lormed. The records are well kept. The Assistant 
Adjutant General, E. D. Brown, and the Assistant Quartermaster Genera-, 
Edward Birchehough, are very efhcient otlicers, and have long served the 
Department. 2. Memorial Day is formally observed by nearly all Posts 
ol* the Department. This day is not a holiday here, but the few of the 
]>opulation who do turn out are earnest and patriotic in deportment. 3. 
Posts are visited by Department ofiicers, as such, rarely. .The Posts are 
lar apart and funds for traveling expenses very limited. 4. Two posts, 
one at Birmingham and one at Montgomery, own burial lots. There is a 
creclitable soldier's monument in the lot of Custer Post at Birmingham. 
5. One Post has one associate member. G. Tiic gcnenil condition of the 
Department is fairly good under the prevailing circumstances. A large 
m;»joriiy of the comrades are laboring men witliout much projierty and arc 
IxM'oming old. 

II. 1. There are three canij)s ol Sons of Veterans in this r)ci)artnicut. 
That at I'.irmingham has grown to he a llouiishing one, in spite of adversi^ 
«-on»litions, hirgcly through the energy and perseverance ol one or two 
jiati iotic sons of c<)nira(les. 

'J. There are no Woman's hN lief Coii»<. Our wives and daughters are 
duly patriotic and loyal to the cause for which we fought, but conditions 
lor their elVectuallv orj^ani/ir);^ lure are lar less f;ivoral)le than thev are 
n rili of the Ohu>, 

.'>. There are no ladies of the (1. A. K. 

III. 1. There; are not any Stale Soldiers' Homes of any kind. 2. 
There are no National Soldier's Ili>njes. !>. There are no (i. A. K. Homes. 
4. No Woujan's Kelief Cor[)s Honu's. .'>. No Soldiers' Oij)han>' llcunes. 
♦). There is no ''State Aid"loanv soldiers who fought for the Union. 
There is a small fund from the State annuallv distributed to indigent 
ex -Con federates. 

IV'. I. I doubt that any school in the Slate participates as a body in 
the observance of our Meiuoi ial Day. Tiie schools in some (»f the larger 
towns turn out on .\nril 'Jo, t]»e day the former Secessionists strew tlowers 

"156 Thirty-third National Encampment 

upon the graves of their dead. 2. The flag is growing much in esteem in 
Alabama. It is seen waving from a few school houses already and recent 
action of the State Legislature contemplates its use at all school houses. 
Thi? goes to indicate a very great change. The action may be prompted 
partly by sinister motives, but even before the recent'* war" fine flags 
were possessed at the public school buildings in Birmingham and some 
other towns and were occasionally unlurled. A decade ago flaes were rare 
here. Our Posts have sometimes lent them to parties desiring to display 
them. They are, however, since the beginning of the trouble with Spain, 
quite numerous and in some instances misused. 

3. Comrades take part in patriotic exercises occasionally, when it 
seems expedient, and some good has resulted in cases coming under my 
own observation. 

4. The History of the Civil War is taught to a large extent with a bias 
in favor of the lost cause, the right of secession, etc., but the realization ot 
the awful unwisdom of the secession movement is, I think, coming about 
to a greater extent than is by many realized. A few begin to believe that 
Mr. Lincoln did not wish or intend to interfere with slavery in the States. 

V. 1. The people generally do not observe May 30 as Memorial Day in 
this Department. But a faithful few, ex-Union soldiers, their relatives and 
friends do so regularly and gladly. 

2. The public moral and social support given the G. A. R. cannot be 
called extensive. The newspapers, however, occasionally allude to our 
meetings, doings, etc., in a fairly decent and respectful way, and we are 
.sometimes invited to take part in public demonstrations, parades and 
gatherings with other organizations. In the proposed new State Constitu- 
tion it is suggested by the dominant political party that all ex-Federal 
soldiers shall be allowed to vote without property or educational restric- 
tions. This means more than might at first glance appear when we 
remember that probably as many as four regiments, all told, from 
Alabama took sides with the Union. 

A. S. Fowler, A.I. G. 

The Department Headquarters are in fairly good condition, much better 
than they were about two years ago, for at that time the Headquarters had 
an assistant Adjutant General who came very near breaking the Depart. 
nient up ; but during the past two years under the administration of Com- 
rade A. H. Seckland as Department Commander, and more with ('omrade 
W. Cr. Gray as Commander, the Department is in much better condition. 

Memorial Day is almost universally observed by the Comrades of the 
G. A. K., and those who are near a National Cemetery always decorate the 
graves, and have imposing exercises ; where there is no cemetery they 

Grand Army of the Republic 157 

xmaallj ftttend some church in a body, where an appropriate order of ex- 
ennaes has been arranged. 

Deportment Officers nsnally attend Post Meetings. There are no Posts 
to mj knowledge, in this Department, which own barial lots. 

The system of Associate Members have never been inangnrated in this 
Department; while I think itshoald be, and would be of great benefit, and 
lessen the burden of the Old Soldiers. 

The general condition of the Department at present, is fair ; not as much 
interest is manifested as in our former years, which perhaps is owing to the 
Gomrades' advanced age in life. 

I do not think there is any organization of the Sons of Veterans in this 
Department ; no organization of the Women's Relief Ck>rps that I know of; 
I only know of one circle of the Ladies of the G. A.' R., and that is located 
in Little Rock. 

There is no home of the Soldiers, State or National G. A. R. Women's 
Relief Corps, or Orphans' Home in this State. 

Not having the data, I cannot state the amount of, and the schools that 
do not participate in the observance of Memorial Day as they should. 
Thank God ! some of the School Boards in the past year have ordered '*01d 
Glorj " to be placed on the school houses. No patriotic exercises are held 
in the schools ; the History of the Civil War is not taught in the Public 
Schools as it should be. The people generally observe Memorial Day where 
there is a National Cemetery. 

Our Comrades of the North, East and West do not have the consideration 
for the Comrades of the South as they should. It is in the South where 
the National Cemeteries are ; in this Department we have three National 
Cemeteries in Little Rock, alone, over six thousand of our Comrades sleep. 

Our membership is small, and a lar^e majority of our Comrades are very 
poor, and for a few to bear the oxi>ense8, year after year, of providing for 
the projicr exercises and decoration of the graves makes it fall pretty 
heavily on a few of our Coiiinides. 

I think the National Ennunpincnt should take some action, by which 
our Comrades of the South would receive more assi.stancre for this particular 
duty, a duty which should never Iw iiej^lected while a Comrade who wears 
the blue lives. 

The Grand Army of the licpublic does not get much public, moral or 
social support in this Department. 


J. J. Lyon, A. L G. 

The quarters are coniinodious and well supplied with furniture and 
conveniences for the trans:ictioii of the business of the Department 
The records, reports, «S:c., arc projHTly clasailied and admirably filed lor 
ready reference ; accounts kept com^ctly and to date, together with a val- 

158 Thirty-third National Encampment 

uable library of important publications pertaining to the War of the Re- 
hellion ; among these a complete set (so far as published) of the "Official 
Kecords" of tlie respective Armies and Navies; army and regimental 
histories and rosters of the troops furnished by many of the loyal States. 

Assistant Adjutant General T. C. Masteller, and Assistant Quarter- 
master General Eugene Wiegand have filled their respective offices for 
many years and have ever proved prompt and efficient in the discharge of 
their duties. 

Memorial Day — All the Posts in the Department observe Memorial Day ; 
the larger ones by appropriate literary and other exercises while those ol 
limited membership assemble and decorate graves of comrades buried in 
local cemeteries. 

Department Officers — Department Commander Solomon Cahen, actrom- 
panied by Adjutant General Masteller and Chief Aide J. H. Simpson, has 
spent much time and personal funds in visiting Posts in the several sec- 
tions of this widely extended Department, thus giving and example of 
most faithful performance of official duties. The other Department Offi- 
<;ials visit the Posts in their respective localities, and in other ways mani- 
fest their interest in the welfare of the Order. 

Post Burial Plots — There are 38 Posts in the Department having plots 
in cemeteries, several of which have beautiful and appropriate monuments 
erected therein. The G. A. R. Plot in the I. O. O. F. Cemetery in San 
Francisco was filled several years ago and another opened in the City Cem- 
etery, was closed by legal authority last year, since then the National 
Cemetery has afforded a resting place for those dying in indigent circum- 
stances and others. George H. Thomas Post No. 2, has a special plot 
therein in which are interred many of its members guarded by a granite 
soldier at ** Parade Rest.' A law of the state allows fifty dollars for de- 
fraying the funeral expenses of a war veteran dying without means so that 
none are buried in pauper graves. 

Associate Members — No Associate Members of Posts in this Department. 

General Condition — The general condition of the Department is excel- 
lent, and as it is believed that the average age of members is less than 
elsewhere, and as climatic infiuences tend to longevity, it is 
deemed highly probable that this will be the lustfully organized Department 
of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Auxiliary Organizations. 

Sons of Veterans — There are but a small number of Camps of Sons of 
Veterans in the Department, and the membership is comparitively limited. 
Posts of the Grand Army have encouraged this young organization as 
much as possible, but their eflbrts have not met with the hoped for results. 
This cannot be ascribed to any lack of patriotism on the part of the "sons," 
for many of them volunteered during the war with Spain, and some are 

Grand Army of the Republic 159 

•even now sustaining the h<»nor of their country's flag in the far off" Phillip- 
pines. It is believed that the Order will increase in the coming years as 
its parent organization dies out. 

7^ Womans Relief Corpn — This Department is highly favored and 
greatly benefitted by being aided in its work by the noble, loyal women 
who belong to the Relief Corps. Their labors have been unceasing, their 
sacritices many, and the great amount of goo<l accomplished has proved of 
inestimable value, not only to their immediate beneficiaries but to the 
varioos Posts throughout the Department. 

Ladies of the G. A R. — This organization has a few "Circles" located 
in different parts of the Department, but as they render no olficial reports 
to Grand Army Headquarters or the Encampment of the Department, but 
little is known of the amount of charitable work performed. It is most 
earnestly hoped that this society will soon merge itself into, and become 
part of ourgreat auxiliary organization. 

Soldiers Homes. 

7he VeUrans Home — In 1881 members of the Grand Army of the Ke- 
pnblic and Veterans of the Mexican War residing in San Francisco, 
officially representing their respective organizations formed the Veterans 
Home As«ociati(m for the purpose of establishing a llonje for disabled war 
veterans of the United States Army and Navy. Department Commander 
C. Mason Kinne was President of the Association, and an eflective opj)eal 
wxs made to the jKitriotic public for financial aid. Within a few months 
nearly $40,(MM> was collected, an<l finally a fine site of over l)(M) acres of land 
was purchased in the beautiful Nai)a Valley. l>uildings were erected and 
the Home formally opened to receive members on the 1st day of Ajiril, 
1*^4. Since that date *2H()'i war veterans have l)eeu admitted to the Home, 
of whom 7G'2 are still members. The manaj^enient has been vested in a 
lioard of Directors, selected in due proportions from the two organizations 
named. Owing to recent legislative action, the Board has deeded the 
entire pn)perty to the State so that it is now one of its institutions, and 
the (Governor will hereafter ajipoiut the Directors. It is believetl that the 
wise and careful management of the e\i>ting IJoaid will be justly recog- 
nized by its re-ap])ointtneiit. 

The amount of State Aid given lor maintenance was >!.'), ()()() i)er annum 
in the earlv davs of the Home, l)ut later, increased so that the amount re- 
ceived now is ,^4r),()0() per vcr and SIOO j)er capita from the United States. 

Pad fir Brnnvh Xntiounl Jfnuu — The National Home is located near 
Santa Monica in Los Angeles Co. and has a niembershii) of over 2(K)(>. 
This Home specially intended lor veterans, citizens of the Pacific States 
and Territories, and those dischaiged from Eastern National Homes are de- 
barie<l from entrance by reason of the terms of their discharge, as well as 
by ita being crowded by veterans from west of the Kocky Mountains. 

i6o Thirty-third National Encampment 

The Womens Belief Corps Home — The movement to establish a Home 
for Union Veterans Widows, Wives, mothers, maiden relatives and Army 
nurses, was inaugerated by Elizabeth D. A. Kinne, in 1887 she then being 
National President of the W. R. C. The Home was located on ground do- 
nated near the village of Evergreen in Santa Clara County ; a commodious 
building was constructed and opened for the reception of members in Dec, 
1890, and has since cared for about twenty per year. The Home is mainly 
supported by contributions of the Corps iu the Department aided by a per 
capita appropriation from the State. 


The pupils of the public schools in many of the towns in the Depart- 
ment join in Post parades, and in other ways participate in Memorial Day 

T!ie National Flag floats proudly over the School Houses in this De- 

On Lincoln's Birthday and the Friday previous to Memorial Day, 
Comrades of the Grand Army visit the schools in their vicinity when appro- 
priate exercises are held. 

The history of the Civil War is not taught in the public schools 
independent of the general history of the United States. 

The Public. 

Memorial Day is a legal holiday in this state and seems to be more 
generally observed by all classes as the years pass away. Banks and public 
offices are closed on that day, and corporations, to a limited extent, recog- 
nize the sanctity of the day. It is a matter of deep regret however, that 
picnics, races and excursions are also held, which attract large numbers of 

The moral and social support given to the Grand Army of the Republic 
may, possibly, be considered as fair in some respects, but greatly lacking in 

Fairs and entertainments for the benefit of the Relief Funds of Posts 
and Corps, are generally well patronized, but the just claims of the vet- 
erans for proper representation in appointive public offices are seldom 
heeded but generally ignored. 

I cannot clo^e this report without referring to the great loss sustained 
by our Order by the decease of our late Commander-in-Chief During the 
closing days of the Rebellion we served together intimately in marches, 
camps, and in battles, and cm all occasions Comrade Sexton proved himself 
a brave and efficient officer, and a thorough gentleman. In later years he 
carried into his civil and official life these qualities, and died while again 
in the service of his much lieloved country, and is now mourned by all. 
within its extended boundaries. 

Grand Army of the Republic i6i 

Thomas L. Norton, A. I. G. 

1. The condition of Department Headquarters is excellent for which 
much praise is due Comrade John II. Thacher, who for many years has 
l>een the Adjutant General of this Department. Memorial Day is observed 
by every Post. Department officers visit Posts frequently, never declining 
an invitation to do so. Twenty-five (25) Posts have burial lots, and five (5) 
have flourishing Corps of Associate Members. The quantity of G. A. R. 
material in Connecticut is not large, but the quality is excellent. 

2. The Connecticut Division Sons of Veterans numbers twenty-six (26) 
Camps with 753 members. There are forty-eight (48) Women's Relief Corps 
in good condition and two (2) organizations of the Ladies of the G. A. R. 

3. The Fitch Home for Soldiers under the management of Comrade 
James N. Coe is a home indeed for the present membership of 489. The 
cost of maintenance in 1898 was $67,013.64 towards which the State of 
Connecticut contributed $24001). 

4. Public Schools are generally invited to share in the exercises of 
Memorial Day, and a school house without a flag is the exception, and town 
authorities are obliged by a State law to furnish every school district with 
a flag. Patriotic services, conducted by G. A. R. Comrades, are held, an- 
nually at least, in the schools. The history of the Civil War is taught from 
text books, which for the most part give facts and not fables. 

5. The public observance of Memorial Day is increasingly large, and 
with few exceptions the moral and social support given the (rrand Army of 
the Republic leaves nothing to be desired. 


Wm. G. Baugh, A. I. G. 

1. The Department Ileadepiarters are located in Wilmington. The As- 
.Histant Adjutant General and As>istant Quarter-master General's otlice is at 
his home and it is also the Departinenl lleachjuarters. I have examined 
the records an<l acj-ouuts and liiid tlicm kept in excellent order, and correct. 
All department and special orders are issued with i)roniptness to every 
Post in the State, and every inaMer tliat is tor the advancement and interest 
of the Cirand Army of the K*epiih!ic in Delaware is looked after and pushed 
with vigor. 

2. Memorial Day is well observed. e>^pecially in Wilminjzton, where the 

(Jrand Army of the liepiihli*- devote tlic entire day t<) tlie nieniorv of the 

brave Comrades. In the niornini^ the Posts witli their firin^.^ s<iii td and 

m.iny public school children, visit the cemeteries and strew llowers and 

i62 Thirty-third National Encampment 

place growing plants on each Comrades grave, whicli has been marked 
earlier in the day by a detail of Comrades, who place upon each grave Old 
Glory. It is a general rule for the Grand Army of the Kepublic to have 
Memorial Services on Sunday in some church selected where patriotic and 
religious services are conducted. 

3. This has been a banner year. The Department Commander Robert 
Liddeli, who has had the Grand Army ot the Kepublic at heart, with an 
admirable staff, has visited officially almost every Post in the Department, 
and he gives his entire time in evenings to the work of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. 

There was more interest shown during the Encampment just held than 
for years and *'01d Glory" seemed to be cherished deeper in all hearts. 
The events of the war with Spain have drawn Comrades closer and made 
the events '61-5 more vivid to our memory. 

We have nineteen Posts reported with a membership of 594 old Comrades, 
many who are tottering in their old age. The Encampment appointed a 
committee to urge upon our Legislature the passage of the measure offered 
by one of our leading Comrades, Gen. John P. Donahoe, for the increase ot 
the amount §600 State Aid now paid, to the amount of $1000. Also the 
adoption of a resolution by the department urging the National Congress to 
pass the [Veterans Preference in Employment Measure.] 

4. There are no burial lots owned by Posts, but we have a large and 
nicely laid-out plot of ground in the Wilmington and Brandy wine Ceme- 
tery, Wilmington, where all Comrades who are without means for buying 
a private lot are laid to rest. This has been given gratuitously by the 
Cemetery Company, which keeps it in order. 

5. There is none know as Associate Members in this State. 

6. The general condition of the department at the present time is ex- 
cel ent. It has not been better for years. During the year we have buried 
twenty Comrades and drox^ped from our membership twenty-eight. We 
have paid all bills contracted and have a small surplus left. This condition 
is due to our retiring Department Commander and his Assistant Adjutant 


1. We have three camps of the Sons of Veterans, one white and two 
<x)loied. Their sole aim seems to be to keep up the good work Ijeing done 
by the Posts, and when the time shall come they will still be keeping the 
memory of the departed heroes alive and fiosh before the people. 

Onr colored Comrades all over the State are very active and energetic in 
the work. 

2. I am sorry to say there are no Women's Relief Corps. 

3. Also no Ladies of the G. A. R. 

Grand Army of the Republic 163 


1. We have no homes for old Comrades, but make provision to send 
them to National Homes. 

2. We have no National Soldiers' Home. 

3. No G. A. E. Homes. 

4. No Woman's Relief Corps' Homes. 

5. No Soldier's Orphans' Homes. 

6. The amount of State Aid paid amounts to twenty -five dollars for 
each and every indigent soldier who dies. That is, he must be without the 
necessary tnnds to bury the body, otherwise nothing is paid. Each Post 
Commander inquires into this and reports to the Assistant Adjutant-Gen- 
eral, whose duty it is to draw upon the State Treasurer for the required 

The amount of State Aid is -$600 per year. 


1. The public school children gladly wait for the thirtieth day of May, 
when they can give their services in what they think is the grandest privi- 
lege given by any country, the decoration of the old soldiers grave with 
flowers, in remembrance of their heroic deeds. Too much attention cannot 
be given the children on that day, in order to impress upon their minds the 
trii« intent of the exercises, in which they take part. 

2. Old Glory floats over every school house in the State. In Wilming- 
ton the I5oard of Public Education directs the janitor to raise Old Glory 
over each school house every day. In this way the beautiful emblem is in 
full view of all the children when at play, to keep in their memories that 
there is but one country and one lla^. The past year it has floated over 
almost every private residence and nearly all manufactories and business 

3. Comrades hold patriotic exercises in the schools at times. As a gen- 
eral thing all the si^liools have their patriotic exercises often and the chil- 
dren have been tauj^ht to sing patriotic airs. 

4. The Hi.story of the Civil War is taught by McMaster's History of the 
L'uitetl States. It is taught without the least prejudice. The .scholar is 
taught the true spirit of patriotism and loyalty to the Old Flag. 


1. Memorial Day is a legal h()li(luy in Delaware and it is observed by 
all rla'Wes. Most all ujanuracturing establishments close their works all 
<»r part of the day, in order to givti their employees a chance to take part 
and show their appreciation of the litting manner in which it is observed. 

The Posts with the Sons of Veterans, make a very creditable showing in 
the afternoon at which time there is a (irand Army parade through the 
street.s of Wilmington. 

164 Thirty-third National Encampment 

The Public, Social and Moral support of the G. A. R. 

2. The public support is not as good as it should be, which cause lies 
with the G. A. R., as it has to some extent neglected the assistance of the 
public, but the coming year under our new Department Commander Wm. 
H. Moystin, who is a thorough and live business man, public support will 
be far above all expectations. 

The social support is very good, equal to any other organization in the 
city, as the citizens honor the old soldier more than ever. They respect the 
bronze button as an emblem of superiority. 

The moral support is equal to the moral character of each and every Com- 
rade which we claim is excellent in this department. 


L. Y. Jenners, A. I. G. 

1. Department : 

1. Condition of Headquarters, Good. 2. Memorial Day is generally 
observed throughout the Department by all the Posts. 3. Department 
Officers the past year have not visited the Posts as much as usual. 4. As 
there is nothing in the Department Inspector's report to show how many 
burial lots are owned in the Department by Posts, I am not certain, but 
from my own knowledge and extensive acquaintance among the Posts 
throughout the Department I think there are only two, O. M. Mitchell 
Post of Jacksonville, and Kit Carson Post of St. Petersburg, own cemetery 
lots. o. Associate Members, I do not know of any. 6. General condi- 
tion of the Department, Only fair. 

2. Auxiliary Organizations : 

Sons ot Veterans, No organization. 2. Woman's Relief Corps, Seven. 

3. Ladies of G. A. R., None. 

3. Homes, Number and Condition : 

1. State Soldiers' Home, None. 2. National Soldiers' Home, None. 

3. G. A. R. Home, None. 4. Woman's Relief Corps' Home, None. 5 
Soldiers' Orphans' Home, None. 6. Amount of State Aid, None. 

4. Schools : 

Do not participate generally in the observance of Memorial Day. 2. 
*' Old Glory " floats over nearly every school house in the State, and 
especially in every town where there is a G. A. R. Post. 3. Comrades 
do not hold patriotic services in school houses. 4. History, as taught in 
the pubic schools of this State, shows a decided sympathy and justification 
of secession and the civil war. 

Grand Army of the Republic 165 

5. Pablic : 

1. Memorial Day is pretty generally observed throaghout the State. 
2. Poblic, moral and social sentiment is so nearly equally divided between 
the friends of tbe Veterans of tbe G. A. R. and those who ser>'ed in the 
Confederate army that the support is about equally divided. I wish to 
8»7, however, that there is sufficient sympathy and fraternal spirit between 
the Veterans of the Blue and the Grey to make our social gatherings 
pleasant, and to assure us of the good feeling towards us of those who 
stood the brunt of the battles, 1861 to 1865. It is the general rule 
throaghout the Department, that the CSonfedernte Veterans shall be con- 
sidered in all our entertainments, and participate in all festivities. 


W. B. Baramert, A. I. G. 
Depabtments : 

1. Condition of Headquarters. Good. 

2. Observance ot Memorial Day, by Posts. Good. 

3. To what extent do Department Officers visit Posts ? Fair. 

4. How many P6stsown burial lots? One, W. S. Hancock Post, Savan* 

5. How many Posts have associate members? One, O. M. Mitchell 
Post, Atlanta. 

6. General condition ot Department. Fair. 

II. Auxiliary Oboaxizatioxs. 

1. Sons of Veterans. None. 

2. Woman's Kelief Corps. One. liobert G. Shaw, W. R. C. 

3. Ladies of the G. A. K. None. -Ladies auxiliary association, Atlanta. 


1. state Soldiers* Home. None. 

2. National Soldiers' Home. None. 

3. G.A. R. Homes. None. 

4. Amount of State Aid. None. 

IV. ^:iiO(>i^. 

1. Participation in observance ot* Memorial Day. Good. 

2. Does ** Old Glorv '' lloat over school-houses? No. 

3. Do Comrades hold patriotic e.>:ercises in schools? No. 

4. How is the History of the Civil War taught? Don't know I 

V. Public. 

1. Do the ])eople Kcnerally observe Memorial Day ? G. A. R. Yes., 

2. What is the public, moral and social supiwrt given to the G. A. R. 

i66 Thirty-third National ErKampment 

A. C. McMurtry^ A. I. G. 

Condition of Headquarters. — On May 1, 1898, the Headquarters of the 
Department of Illinois was established in the new and beaatifal Memorial 
Hall, which is a part of the Chicago Public Library B4iilding, a very con- 
venient and commodious room, being provided on same floor as the Memo- 
rial Hall proper as an office, with ample storage capacity. 

The building is fireproof. Office hours are from 9 to 5 o'clock P. M. 
The A. A. G. or an efficient clerk is always on hand to receive visitors. 
The bookkeeping and general office business is attended to in the best pos- 
sible manner. 

Memorial Bay. — Memorial' Day is almost universally observed by the 
Posts. Were it not for this annual gathering as an event to look forward to 
and prepare for, it is doubtful if the smaller Posts in the rural districts 
could be held together. 

Department Officci's Visit Posts. — About one hundred Posts in the Depart" 
ment have been visited by Department officers during the year. In addi- 
tion the Department Commander and some ot his associates have attended 
and addressed a very large number of county reunions and camp-fires. 

In the City of Chicago the Aides-de-Camp upon the staff of the Depart" 
ment Commander formed an organization and visited nearly every one of 
the forty Posts in the county, either in a body or by detail. They also 
visited the Camps oi Sons of Veterans and Tents of Daughters of 

Burial Lois. — There is not sufficient data to give the exact number ot 
Posts who own burial lots in Chicago. Several of the Posts have purchased 
lots and some of them have erected monuments thereon. At nearly every 
county-seat and in many other cities, the Posts have purchased and fitted 
up burial lots, in both Protestant and Catholic Cemeteries. 

Associate Memhers. — So far as is officially known the Posts of Illinois have 
no associate members. 

Condition of Department. — The general condition of the Department is 
excellent. The losses in 1898 by death were 545. which is 61 less than ii> 
1897, and the net loss from all causes is materially less than during any 
year since 1892. 

Sons of Veterans. — The Sons of Veterans seem to be re-awakening and 
are at present flourishing. The Division Commander and his officers seem 
to take a more lively interest in the welfare of their organization, than has 
been noticed for many years. 

Daughters of Veterans. — Nothing has given me more pleasure than the 
visits made to the Tents of the Daughters o-f Veterans, with the Cook 
County Staff Association. They are imbued with patriotism and efficient 
in their duties. 

Grand Army of the Republic 167 

lV6mnii*8 Relief Corps. — JudgiD)< by the good things set up by the 
Woman's Relief Corps on visits to many of the Posts and the patriotic 
'words uttered by the ladies of that organization, their hearts are still in 
the work of aiding the Veterans. 

Ladies of the G. A. R. — The Ladies of the G. A. R. are growing stronger. 
They take a deep interest in the welfare of our order and lighten the task 
of caring for our sick and destitute. 

Home at Quincy. — The State Soldiers' Home at Quincy, which was in- 
tended to provide for the wants of about 1200 Veterans, has been filled 
to its atmost capacity, especially during the winter months, more than 
1700 being present much of the time. The Home is in excellent condi- 
tion, and, except that the comrades are unduly crowded, all are exceed- 
ingly comfortable and well provided for. Bills for additional cottages are 
hefore the Legislatare and are likely to be favorably acted upon. 

Xew National Home at Danville. — The new National Home now in process 
of erection at Dinville, Illinois, has provided for a few comrades dniing 
the Winter and will relieve the pressure upon the State Home. 

Soldiers* Widows'* Home at WHmlnrjlon. — A State Home exclusively for 
Soldiers' Widows, was opened at Wilmington, Illinois, about three years 
a^o, and now provides home and omfort tor about G;) persons. Up to 
this time those who were nurried prior to the war have been given pref- 
erence. It is expected this H')me will be enlar<;ed in the near future, as 
there are many applicants that cjuinot be provided for, owing to the limited 
capicity of the buildings. This Home is ideally located on the banks of 
the Kankakee River. 

Sifdiers' Orphans' ITnnr at yitnu'il. — The Soldiers' Orphans' Home, at 
Normal, cares for about 4')n orphans and half orpliiins. It is well man- 
aged, has a good school, and wirliiti .i few months a manual training 
school has been opened on the j^rounds in a new building erected and 
equipped for the purpose. For niiiny years tlie Posts of the Department 
have contrihuted to a Christmas fund, which has been supplemented by 
contributions from the Woman's Reli(*f Corps and Ladies of the Grand 
Army, and every child in the Home has been j^iven a Christmas present. 
Usually some of the Department officers liave been present to assist in the 
distribution of the gifts on Cluistmas Eve or C-lnistmas Day. 

Illinois Woman'' !< Suldierx^ J[innr. — Tl)e Illinois Woman's Soldiers' Home 
located on I>ake Avenue, in the City of Cliica«;o, is supported entirely by 
private contributions and adords a home for VI to 15 a^^ed couples. The 
Depirtment Encampment lia^ ma(l(^ an annual appropriation in aid of this 
Home for some time i)ast. A Itill is now j)ending in the Illinois Legisla- 
ture looking to the admis-sion of i Ik; wives of meml)ers of the Home to 
that institution. 

i68 Thirty-third National Encampment 

State Aid. 

Soldiers' and Sailors' Home at Quiucy, Ordinary Expense . . $150,000 
Soldiers' and Sailors' Home at Quincy, Repairs and Improve- 
ments 10,100 

Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home, Ordinary Expenses . . 57,500 
Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home, Repairs and Equipment 

of Manual Training School 16,700 

Soldiers' Widows' Home, Ordinary Expense 15,000 

Soldiers' Widows' Home, Repairs and Furnishing 26,100 

Total . $275,400 

The State Legislature also appropriated the sum of $13000 for the pur- 
chase of furniture and to assist in the care of Memorial Hall. Out of this 
appropriation the Hall has been furnished and new furniture, including 
bookcases and banner cases, has been placed in Department Headquarters. 

Schools : Patriotic Exercises in Same. — Both public and private schools 
very generally have patriotic exercises on the Friday preceding Memorial 
Day. In Chicago the Cook County Memorial Association, composed of the 
Commanders and Past Commanders, also delegates from all the Posts in 
the county systematically arranged for the observance of this day and 
detail speakers to attend these exercises, and address the pupils, comrades 
in uniform being sent so far as possible. 

'^ Old Glory.''" — "Old Glory "floats over almost every school in the 
State, and it is to be hoped the day may soon come, when no one will be 
allowed to disgrace it with advertisements and pictures of candidates for 
political offices. 

Agencies in Teaching Childrni History of Civil War. — There are various 
agencies at work in this and j)ossibly in many other jilaces throughout the 
State to teach the school cliildron the history of the Civil War, viz.: Patri- 
otic teachers in many of the schools, both public and private. The Union 
League Club sends speakers on Lincoln's Birthday to most of the schools 
in this city. The G. A. R. members are detailed to speak to the children, 
not only in the public but in many of the parochial schools provious to 
Memorial Day, etc. 

Memorial Day Observed by Public. — The people very generally do observe 
Memorial Day, and attend in large numbers at all cemeteries to witness 
the exercises of the G. A. ]{., and after the ceremonies are over take this 
opportunity of placing flowei-s on the graves of their own dead. 

Moral and Social Support by the Public. — In reference to moral and social 
support given the G. A. R. by the public, would cite the experience of my 
own Post (Washington No. 573). We have had two stands of silk colors 
since our organization. Both have been presented by the citizens in our 
vicinity without exj)ense to us, and although we number less than 100 
members, we have over $1000 in the treasury, mostly received from the 
public patronizing our entertainments. 

Grand Army of the Republic 169 

S. E. Fink, A. I. G. 


1. Headquarters are permanently located in the Capitol. These rooms 
are set apart by law for the use of the Grand Array of the Republic. They 
are of the best in the State House, furnished, lighted, heated and janitored 
by the state free of charge. The Legislature at its last session appropriated 
a thousand dollars to suitably fit these rooms for a Grand Army Museum. 
By another act the Department Commander is required to report annually 
to the Governor. These reports will be published by the State and become 
a permanent part of its records. The records of the department kept at 
headquarters are neat and correct. A distinct record is there kept of each 

2. Memorial Day is a legal holiday in Kansas. Business generally is 
suspended and soldiers and citizens in a body attend the services, both on 
Memorial Day and the Sunday previous. 

3. The Department officers visited the Posts very generally. The net 
gain within the year of nearly one thousand wtis largely due to the per- 
gonal visits to the Posts by Department Commander. D. W. Eastman, and 
his estimable staff. Every Post so visited made substantial gains. 

4. Many Posts own a burial lot for comrades only, and also such other 
lots that maybe used for the last resting place of the comrade and his 

r>. There are no associate members in Kansas. 

(». The Department is in a very nourishing and satisfactory condition. 
For the first time in many years there has been a net gain in membership. 
This new impulse of patriotic push still exists and promises well for the 
future. The mast cordial harmony prevails. The Department Encamp- 
ment was well attended, nearly .IDO dolegates and past commanders were 
present. All an.Kiliaries met at tin? saino time and place and exchanged 
greetings. It was a patriotic and delijrhtful occiusion. This has been a 
great Grand Army year in Kansas. The work of the Commander was ex- 
ceptionally excellent. At the Hucanipiuciit the committee upon his address 
reported, " We wish to commend his administration and to express the 
opinitm that it will always he a model wliieh future Dex)artment Command- 
trs will follow." 

II. Auxiliary Orcjamzations. 

1. Sons of Veterans. The Kansas Division lias (57 Camps with l.'iO'J 
members. Ten per cent, of their number were in the Sj)anish-Ameriean 
war or are now. May *2 »th, l'^!>f). with the famous Fred. Funston in the 
twentieth Kansas. The Sons ahvavs unite with our comrades on Memorial 


Dav to do honor to our dead heroes. 

170 Thirty-third National Encampment 

2. Woman's Relief Corps. Kansas has 204 Corps with 5976 members. 
They expended for relief $3478. Gave for the support of the "Mother 
Bickerdyke " Home $2756, turned over to G. A. R. Posts, $837 and to the 
Cuban Volunteers $3000. They are the right arm of the Grand Army and 
are doing a glorious work. 

3. Ladies of the G. A. R. There are 57 Circles with 1750 members and 
910 comrades* honorary members. They expended $1271 during the year 
by giving to the Home, $18, Memorial Fund, $148, to the G. A. R. Posts, 
$232, Soldier's families, $859, and to the Cuban Hospital, Santiago sent by 
Winfield, $15, and have about a $1000 left. These are true and noble 
women, and are fully appreciated in Kansas. 

4. The Ladies Aid Society. There are 18 of these societies with 358 
members, in good working order, and in perfect harmony with all kindred 

IIL Homes, Numbers and Condition. 

1. The Kansas State Soldier's Home is located at Fort Dodge in the 
western part of the State. The State appropriates about $50,000 annually 
for its support. This Home was established to enable old soldiers to have 
a home with their families. In 1898 there vvere 427 inmates. Of these 127 
were soldiers, 96 were wives, 56 boys, 89 girls and 4 widows. Durinji: the 
year 8 soldiers, 2 wives, and 3 children died. The average age of the 
soldier inmates was 75 years, They live in 100 cottages. A school is sus- 
tained with 4 teachers and 173 pupils. These Comrades did service from 
nearly every State in the Union. 

2. National Military Home. — The Western Branch National Home for 
disabled Volunteer Soldiers is situated on the west bank of the Missouri' 
river three miles south of Leavenworth, r%nd is in the care of the general 
Government. Col. Sidney G. Cook is manager and Col. J. G. Rowland, 
Governor. At the close of 189S there were 3427 members, of these 754 
were absent on furlough. Of these 2975 are pensioners. During the year 
155 died and there were then 350 sick in hospital. Time is doing its sad 
work among the dear old *' boys." The location is a beautiful one and the 
beneticent hand of a grateful Government provides bountifully ibr the com- 
fort of these old heroes. Congress appropriated $279,500 for the support 
of this Home for 1898. 

3. There is no G. A. R. Home as such in Kansas. 

4. Woman's Relief Corps Home. — This Home is known in Kansas as 
"Mother Bickerdyke " Home tov it was established by this famous army 
nurse. It is located at Ellsworth upon 160 acres of land donated by that 
city and improved by the State for the benefit of the Grand Army at an 
expenditure of 836,00:). Two years ag) the Grand Army leased it at a 
nominal sum to the Corps. There are 15 cottages, a large hospital and other 
buildings. It is devoted to the care of destitute mothers, widows, sisters 

Grand Army of^the Republic 17 c 

and children of Veterans of the Civil War. At the close oi last year there 
were thirty women and children in this Home, who were cjired for by a 
professional nurse and two physicians. This Home has been maintained 
wholly by the Corps and Circles, nntil the State at its recent session of the 
legislatnre appropriated $7,000 for its support, and the usefulness of this 
Home is assured. Large additions to its members will now take place, and 
the children at Fort Dodge will be brought here for better care, and make 
room there for more comrades. 

5. Soldiers* Orphans' Home. — This Home is located at Atchison, and is 
a State institution, and supported by it. The buildings cost about $144,000 
and the State appropriates about $30,000 annually for its Support. This 
Home has existed twelve years and 468 children have been cared for during 
that time. December 31, 1898, there were 223 in the Home. The man- 
agers, whenever practicable, secure homes for these children, but retain a 
constant watchfulness over them until the indenture ends. 

IV. ScHOor^. 

1. The schools as such do not participate in the observance of Memorial 
Day, for most of the schools close before that time, but the children at- 
tend almost universally. 

2. **Old Glory" floats over many school houses of the State, but there 
IS no law requiring or providing for it. 

3. In some instances comrades hold patriotic exercises in the schools, 
but it is not generally done. 

4. The history of the Civil War has received little attention in our 
pablic schools for several years. The party in power established uniformity 
of school "iMwks below the high school. The history in use gives but ele»en 
paj^es to the Civil War and it is ifnpo.s.sil)l(; to determine from it who was in 
the right. By contract wt; are compelled to use this villainous book three 
years longer. 

V. Public. 

1. Memorial Dav is the jjjrcatt'st holidav in this State. The entire dav 
is devoted to memorial services. Usually the decoration of the graves with 
Grand Army burial services takes place in the lorenoon, and the atternoon 
is devoted to an oration, readin^^s, recitations, ninsic and patriotic songs. 

'2. Kansa.s is pre-eminently a soldier state. They are h(;re from every 
state that was n*piesented in the Union army. The twentieth Kansas 
v(dunteers, who have won renown in the Philippines, are sons of these 
veterans. They are ol' the l)l()od at' heroes and were inspired to deeds of 
daring and bravery by the teachings of their fath(.'rs. The (irand Army 
re<'eives the most ardent moral and social sui)port by all tlu; ])eople of the 
State. During each year rc-nnions of the comrades take i»lace in various 
parts of the State when all the people attend, and the time is devoted to 
pjirriotic speeches, army s(»n;^s and canip-tiies. These are of the happiest 
days of all the year. 

1 72 Thifty-third National Encampment 

L, M. Doye, A. I. G. 

Condition of Department Headquarters for this State is excellent ; books 
complete and well kept. This state of affairs cannot be too highly 

I have been unable to visit or get complete returns from all the Posts, 
but those that have come under my immediate inspection, or by report, 
warrant me in saying that the Order is in a good and prosperoub condition. 
This State furnished a large number of men for both armies durinlg the 
late war, and for a long while there was a strong and bitter prejudice 
against the Grand Army, but now this feeling has been obliterated, giving 
place to peace and harmony. It is a pleasure to now note that a 'deep 
fraternal and brotherly feeling exists between the veterans of both armies* 

Sons of Veterans. — It is with extreme pleasure that I am able to report 
the rapid growth of this organization. These gallant Sons are pushing to 
the front with credit, realizing that the proud mantel of their patriotic and 
valorous fathers is fast coming to them to wear with equal glory and re- 
nown. Lack of official figures makes it impossible to give their full 
numerical strength, and as above stated, their numbers are rapidly in- 
creasing. All honor to the Sons. May the valor and patriotism of their 
fathers pass j»s a heritage to each and all of them. 

Wom^n^s Belief Corps. — This organization has not attained the growth I 
would like to see ; but in many cases they have won creditable distin«tloQ 
for their zeal and energy, and have been of immeasurable benefit in re- 
lieving the destitute and sick. With them no undertaking or sacrifice is 
too great where the interest or comfort of the old comrade is involved. 

Memorial Dxy. — I find that Memorial Day is universally observed by all 
the Posts and people generally. In many instances the churches hold 
special services on Sunday preceding it. Former prejudice, among SoutU- 
ern sympathizers against this observance, has passed away, and now all 
classes join in paying tribute to our honored dead. These observances 
cannot be too extensively commended, commemorating as they do, the 
achievements, heroic deeds and the suffering and sacrifices of the defenders 
of our nation's flag, 


P. H. Boyle, A. I. G. 

1 . Condition of Headquarters — Good. 

2. Observance of Memorial D.iy by Posts — Greneral. 

3. To what extent do Department Officers visit Posts — Very frequently. 

4. How many Posts own burial lots — None. 

5. How many Posts have associate members — None. 
Q. General condition of Department — Good. 

Grand Army of the Republic 17$ 

AuziLLiABT Organizations. 

1. Sons of Veterans — 10 Camps — 3 good, 7 dormant. 

2. Woman's Relief Ck>rps — 33 — Membership 716 — One Coips detached. 

3. Ladies of G. A. ^—2. 

Homes, Number and Conditions. 
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. and 6.— None. 


1. Participation in observance of Memorial Day — Fair, by colored papUa. 

2. Does **01d Glory'' float over school houses — ^Tes, over all public 

3. Do comrades hold patriotic exercises in schools — No, but they do 
occasionally in churches. 

4. How is the History of Civil War taught — Fairly impartial^ though 
with Southern bias. 


1. Do the people generally observe Memorial Day — ^No. 

2. What is the public moral and social support given to the Grand Army 
of the Bepublic-'None. 

Silas Adams, A. I. G. 

I. I find the Department Headquarters in fine condition, the books kept 
well and their neiit appearance speaks in the highest degree of care and 
systematic manner in which the Department hns been managed the past 
year. One year ago at the Department meeting at Lewiston, the Quarter- 
master's business was transferred to the Assistant Adjutant-General the 
Department Quartermaster holding only the funds. 

On February 12th, 1895^ the Department under Mr. Merrick, the present 
Assistant Adjutant-General turned over to his successor, $1082.28. 

When he assumed the sau^ ofEce on February 24th, 1898, the Depart- 
ment received $94.24. 

On retiring February 17th, 1H99, he leaves $266.71, which shows that the 
finances are rigidly looked after and judiciously expended under this ad- 

No. of Posts, January 1, 1^99 164 

No. of Members 74(J8 

Deaths 171 

Total Ixms during the year 41^ 

Suspended 1092 

174 Thirty-third National Encampment 

2. On Memorial Day, 162 Post held a service. 

Memorial Oratious Delivered 161 

Orations Delivered by Veterans 52 

Comrades in Line 5491 

Cemeteries visited 1488 

3. Department Officer visits many of the Posts daring the year, es- 
pecially a weak Post, to assist and encourage them. 

4. No. of Posts Owning Lots 31 

5. No. of Posts having Associate Members — None. 

6. I can speak only in the highest terms of the management and con- 
ditions of the Department lor the past year, of the great interest taken by 
every Officer in sustaining the high standard of this Department. In^pec 
tions were carefully done. 

II. January 1, 1899, I find the Sons of Veterans numbering 46 Camps 
and 1269 members. A slight falling off during the year, by many going 
into the army. 

Financially they are in good condition: 

In Camp Quartermaster's hand $ 1013 11 

In Division Quartermaster's hand 150 77 

Camps Expended during Year 3892 41 

Division Expended during Year 727 16 

The outlook is good for substantial gains in the organization of new 
Camps and strengthening of old ones. 

From some cause they have not increased as the Department desired or 

2. The noble work done by the Relief Corps can hardly be measured 
as they are a ready and willing helper in every good work pertaining to the 
G. A. R. We have two Relief Corps organizations in this State, a ** Na- 
tional" and a State, both doing good work and heartily co-operating with 
the Posts. 

W. R. C. (National). 

No. of Members 2214 

No. of Corps Gained 2 

No. Gained in Membership -216 

Expended for Relief $ 1909 15 

Soldiers Assisted . 203 

Soldiers' Families Assisted 217 

Total Assisted 617 

Woman's State Relief Corps. 

No. of Corps 62 

No. of Members 3338 

Relief for Six Months ending December 31 $ 460 00 

Turned over to Posts 233 00 

Grand Army of the Republic 175 

III. Soldiers' Home. 

1. The many friends of the ex-soldier and his wife, Uiat they shoald 
not be separated daring life, have established a home for snch at Newport, 
Me., on a beautiful sight near a lake, and have several persons there. 

The Department at its last session recognized it, and now the prospects 
are much better. The need of snch a home becomes more and more ap- 
parent and we trust the needed help will soon come to put it on a firm basis. 

2. Eastern Branch National Home, Togus. 

A visit to this home fills one with wonder and admiration, to see the 
comfort and home-like arrangements provided ior the National defenders. 
The cooking, eating and sleeping arrangements are perfect, food of the best 
quality and in abundance. A library reading room, supplied with daily 
and weekly impers, games and amusements, and above all plenty of smok- 
ing room. 

No. present January 1, 1899 2a02 

No. present Sick 325 

Increase during the Year 135 

Pensions Paid to Inmates during the Year $ 307,038 00 

No. of Pensioners 2332 

Increase during the Year 237 

No. Admitted during the Year 725 

No. Discharged during the Year 491 

Died 99 

Expended by Government for Support of Home for 1898 ... $ 307,306 00 

The Home is under a National Boaid oi Managers and then under an 
immediate Board of Local Managers. 

' 5. The Sailors' and Soldiers' Home at Bath was visited by me a few 

weeks ago and found in a most creditable condition. 

The Veterans have felt proud of this Institution and its management. 

The Home is directed by a I3oard of Trustees, of which the Department 
-Commander is a nieml>er ex-oilicio. 

No. Present 54 

Average Age 9 years 

•Grand Children 23 

Appropriation, yearly by State, ^ 10,000 00 

This fine Home is a credit to our State for the comfort and care extended 
to the children of the unfortunate defenders. 

6. State Pensions. 

The State appropriates ^To.ooO a year as pensions to needy ex-soldiers 
and their families. This inon(;y goes into many humble homes and keeps 
the wolf from the door so they can spend their remaining days beside their 
own fireside. 

176 Thirty-third National Encampment 

IV. Schools very generally participate in Memorial Exercises and the 
observance is rapidly increasing. 

2. Flags very generally float over the school houses in Maine. The 
exceptions are very rare. 

3. Exercises of a patriotic nature are held in some schools by comrades. 

4. The history of the Civil War is taught in all schools as one of the 
regular branches. 

5. The people most loyally observe Memorial Day and the interest is 
fast increasing each year. Base ball and horse racing are very generally 
condemned and a movement is being made to secure legislation to pro- 
hibit it. 

2. The public, moral and social support given to the Grand Army is 
good, and the people are in hearty sympathy with our good work. 

Alexander M. Briscoe, A. I. G. 

The general condition of the Department of Maryland is excellent, the 
Department Officers are well selected, and attend to their duties with spirit 
and intelligence. Having made a careful and painstaking inspection of 
the books of the Assistant Adjutant General and Assistant Quartermaster 
General of this Department, it affords me great pleasure to report that 
every detail was found in a neat condition ; the officers are very attentive 
to their duties, treating every Comrade who visit the Department Head- 
quarters (which are located in an elegantly furnished suit of rooms, Raine 
Building. Baltimore street and Post Office Avenue, Baltimore, Maryland,) 
with the utmost courtesy and kindness. 

I find-fifty five Posts in good standing in this Department, which Posts 
are located in all sections of the State, with a membership of two thousand 
six hundred and ninety three comrades. There is an increase in the inter- 
est manifested by the members of the Grand Army of the Republic ; as 
the Comrades decrease, the interest of the survivors increase. The amount 
of money received by the Department during the year was one thousand 
two hundred and seventeen dollars and eighty-one cents ($1217.81) 
the amount expended was one thousand and seventy-six dollars and fifty- 
seven cents ($1076.57), leaving a net cash balance on hand of one hundred 
and forty-one dollars and twenty-four cents ($141.24), together with sup- 
plies on hand valued at fifty-two dollars and fifteen cents ($52.15), total 
balance of cash and supplies on hand, one hundre<l and ninety- three dollars 
and thirty-nine cents ($193.39). 

Ladies of the Grand Aniif/ of the RrpMic. — The members of Col. Under- 
bill Circle, No. 1, Ladies of the G. A. R. informed the Department of 
Maryland, G. A. R. at their 23rd Annual Encampment held in Baltimore 

Grand Army of the Republic 177 

Febmary 21 and 22, 1899, that said Circle was or|2;anized on the 19th day of 
April, 1893, and are increasing their membership weekly, I feel it my dnty 
to say that they are doing noble work and are fast gaining favor in the 
G-rand Army Posts of this City and State, who are beginning to see the 
benefit derived from the help of the mothers, sisters, wives and dangbters 
of oar Comrades, in connection with the order. 

WoMMn^a Belief Corps. — The Woman's Relief Corps are composed of a 
band of loyal women, who are always ready and at all times willing to ren- 
der aid or assistance to the old soldier or his family. 

Stms of Veterana. — ^The Sons of Veterans are in bad shape in this depart. 
ment. The Comrades of the G. A. R., Ladies of the G. A. R., and membero 
of the Woman's Relief Corps should use their influenee with those eligible 
fbr membemhip and urge them to join this organization, thereby encourag- 
ing the building of an auxiliary, that is of the greatest importance to the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

So/ne for SMiers. — We have no National, State or City Home for the 
shelter for the Old Soldier in this Department, quite all the old soldiers of 
this locality go to the Soldiers Home at Hampton, Va. 

Momuments. — Members of the Grand Army of the Republic may be inter- 
ested in a brief description of the mdnuments, which have been erected by 
the State of Maryland, by Grand Army Posts, Naval Veterans and Woman's 
Relief Corps. 

The General Assembly of Maryland, of 188S, appropriated the sum of six 
thousand five hundred dollars for tlie erection of monuments at Gettysburg 
Battle Field. Governor E. E. Jackson, of Maryland, appointed a Com- 
mission of five, which commission had six monuments phiced in proper 
position to designate where the Maryland l*k)ldiers fought in that memor- 
able fight. 

The Woman's lielief Corps ever remenibt»ring those who fell **Unknown'' 

had a beautiful marble tablet, " .V Sleeping Soldier -' 

*' But there upon the sotUlon earth he bides. 
His lost long sleep, to T^lcep nn-named, unknown, 
Until (fod's Anirel on the whirlwind rides. 
To claim his own,'' 

which was placed in the National Ceiuetory at the cost of fifteen hundred 

doUars, which money was donated by twenty-live ditferent departments of 

the Woman's Relief ('orps. 

The Lulies of the Woman's Keli«'f Corps. Auxiliary of Tyler Post, No. 5, 
of Cumberland, erect^'d a handsome Monument in the Cemetery at that 
place, the money to defray the (expenses were donations from the loyal citi- 
zens of Cumberland. 

Tlie General .Assembly of Maryland of l'^J)f>, appropriated the sum of two 
thousand dollars for the erection ot a monument to the Naval Veterans 
which was pi1ace<l in the National Onu»tery, Baltimore, beinjr unveiled and 
dedicated by the Naval Veteran Association in true Naval s])irit. 

178 Thirty-third National Encampment 

A. W. Dodge Post, No. 44, erected a beautiful marble monument, 
a statue of a 6. A. K. man 00 top, also a pure bronze plate containing the 
full muster roll of the Post, placed on the back, a cut of a Grand Army 
badge on the front. 

The Quartermaster General of the U. S. A. directed that permission be 
granted to A. W. Dodge Post, No. 44, to erect said monument at the Nat- 
ional Cemetery (Louden Park) Baltimore. The same was unveiled on 
Thanksgiving Day, November, 24th, 1898 and was dedicated on May 30th, 
1899, with appropriate services by the Post in the presence of about twenty 
thousand people. 

The General Assembly of Maryland of 189S appropriated the sum of 
twelve thousand five hundred dollars for the purpose of designating all 
I)oints at Antietam where Maryland regiments were engaged, so that the 
same should be properly marked. Governor Lloyd Lowndes, of Maryland, 
appointed a Commission to execute the wishes of the General Assembly 
The said Monuments will be unveiled and dedicated at the next annivers- 
ary of the battle in September. 

Public Schools. — Old Glory floats over every l*ublic School within the 
borders of the State of Maryland. 

Memorial />«y.— May 28th, 1899, The Department Officers and Staff and 
the Posts ot this Department attended divine services in the churches of 
this neighborhood and a large number turned out for the occasion. 

May 30th, every Post in this Department visited the cemeteries in their 
neighborhood and strewed beautiful flowers on the grave of each old soldier, 
none being neglected. Department and Posts met in the afternoon and pro- 
ceeded to the National Cemetery accompanied by tlie National Guard, a com- 
pany of uniformed students of one of our public schools, and several corps of the 
Woman's Helief Corps ; about twenty thousand people gathered in and 
around the National Cemetery, to witness the "strewing of the graves of 
ournobledead." Never w^as there more interest manifested in that Hallow- 
ed Day, than on this occasion. Some tell us, as years come and go, that in- 
terest in that day will lessen never, wliile the nation lives. The day will 
come vfheu we shall be fewer in numbers, thus increasing the graves, but 
the rising generation, as the lesson of patriotism is taught them, will never 
forget, "Our Soldier Heroes Sleeping." Events of the past year, and our 
soldiers who fell and are still falling in the Spanish-American war, and at 
Manilla all tend to surround that day with a reverend interest, and awaken 
a'new devotion to that sacred day. 


Grand Army of the Republic 179 

Edgar Weeks, A. I, G. 

An inspection of the Department headquarters at Lansing shows a most 
bnainesB-like and satisfactory management of the records and basiness of 
the department, due in a large measure, to the efficiency of the Assistant 
Adjutant General, C. V. R. Pond, and to his long experience in connection 
with the Department. I found the records in admirable shape in every 
particular. Every Post in the Department had its separate files and 
papers in boxes so arranged that even the record of any member of any 
Post conld be examined at a moment's notice. This feature was very 
complete and perfect. The Assistant Adjutant-General is also preparing'an 
alphabetically arranged record showing the Posts by consecutive numbers, 
and an inspection of this record will enable those interested to find a com- 
plete record of every comrade who has ever belonged to the Grand Army 
in this Department. Too much praise cannot be bestowed upon the work 
of the Assistant Adjutant-General in these particulars. 

The Headquarters are situated in a room in the Capitol Building, set 
apart by law of the State. Publication of the annual report of the 
Assistant Adjutant-General, is also authorized by the law and becomes a 
part of the public records of the State. 

As to the observance of Memorial Day. I am proud to say that the day is 
very generally observed in this Department. All Posts give their hearty 
attention to the observance of the day and the ceremonies are generally 
participated in by citizens and civic societies in almost every locality in 
this Department. 

3. The Department Conimunder and Assistant Adjutant-General are in 
tlH9 habit of attending nearly all the county and i-egimental encampments 
of the veterans and are also visitors at many of the Post gatherings. 

4. In answer to tlw; inquiry, how many Posts own burial lots, I find 
only a few : but in a great many cemeteries there is a soldiers' lot, kept 
trimmed and in good shai>e, not for burial purposes, but where monuments 
are erected. 

5. I do not know of any organizations in this State known as Associate 
Memliers of the G. A. K. 

H. As to the general condition of the Department : it is most healthy 
and prosperous. Notwithstanding a death loss of 173 for the term ending 
June 30, 1896, there was a gain in the Department of 17 members. 
This condition and gain is due partly to the renewed jtatriotism of the 
soldiers on account of the late war with Spain, and also to the indefat- 
igable work of the Department Commander, Alexander L. Patrick, and 
his able Assistant Adjutant-General. 

i8o Thirty-third National Encampment 

Auxiliary Orga::izations : 

The Sons of Veterans are growing in strength in this ?tate and are 
now nearly all uniformed with clothing formerlj^ belonging to the State 

In many local itie3, however, the Sons of Veterans do not receive that 
enconragement which they should, a state of things very diflicult to 

2. The Woman's Relief Corps is also in a most flourishing condition, 
and I learn through Department Headquarters that but for that organi- 
zation, many posts in this Department would have been disbanded 
during the past two years. In many localities, the Woman's Relief 
Corps is the right arm of the G. A. R. and interest in the order is pre- 
served through the efforts of the W. R. C. 

3. The organization known as the Ladies of the G. A. R., is not much 
known in this Department and is weak in numbers. They are not consid- 
ered as a recognized auxiliary of the order. 

Soldiers' Homes : 

There is but one Soldier's Home in this Stiite, located at Grand Rapids, 
and supported by legislative appropriations. The present population of 
the Home is about 800 and this crowds the institution. 

There is an annex to the Home for the widows and infirm old ladies, 
wives of veterans. This is a building apart from the main building of 
the Home, and is cut up into very pleasant departments in which the 
ladies are made most comfortable. These rooms are nearly all furnished 
by corps of the W. R. C. in the State. 

The capacity of the Home is fully taxed at the present time. There 
is no National Soldiers' Home in this State and no W. R. Home, except 
as above. Nor is there any Soldiers' Orphans' Home in this State. 

Schools : 

There is a general participation by the school children and teachers in 
the observance of Memorial Day. Usually a part of the procession is 
made up of school children, all carrying flags. These, with the civic 
societies which also take part, form an interesting and imposing demon- 
stration. Our churches and clergymen also participate very largely and 
Memoiial Day has become one of the most popular holidays in Michigan. 
It is made a public holiday by act of the Legislature. 

By law of this State, the flag floats over all our school houses. In many 
of our towns, comrades of the G. A. R. hold patriotic exercises in the 
schools; and tlie school children are taught the singing of patriotic songs 
of the Civil War. The history of the Civil War is taught in text books 
and the pupils of our public schools are encouraged to write their compo- 
sitions or essays upon subjects growing out of the history of the Great 
Civil War. It is my observation that no topic exceeds in general interest 

Grand Army of the Republic i8i 

the stories of the Rebellion, and no music practised in our schools is more 
popular than the songs our soldiers sang during the war. 

Answering the question, Do the people generally observe Memorial Day? 
I answer. They do. In almost all the cities and towns and villages, public 
business is suspended for at least a part of the day during Memorial exer- 
cLses, and whenever the weather permits, the exercises are had out of 
doors, either at the cemetery or in some convenient grove ; and at other 
times, the exercises are held in some of the churches or public halls. There 
is a great improvement in the moral and social spirit given to the observ- 
ance of this day. For many years there was a disposition to intrude upon 
Memorial Day, horse- racing, base-ball and other public amusements ; but 
this was frowned upon by the comrades ot the G. A. R., the churches and 
the best people of every community, until the disposition to convert Mem- 
orial Day into a day of games and amusements is practically crushed out. 

Political Preferment : 

I desire to add a remark in regard to the subject of political preferment 
of the veteran soldier, a subject which has been put into the form of law 
both by Congress and by the Legislature of the St^te, requiring or sug- 
ge*>ting that the honorably discharged veteran soldier of the Civil War 
should have a preference in matters of employment in the public service. 
This has been, in my judgment, too much skimmed over, I might say, 
neglected in the past, and the veteran soldier justly complains that he has 
not been given that consideration whicth the patriotism of the people would 
accord him. Political parties have used the veteran soldier when conven- 
ient for their purposes, but those in authority have neglected him too 
often. There seems to be an awakening upon this subject throughout this 
Department, and though late, it ought to be welcome not only to the 
Comnides of the G. A. K., but to the i)eople. The Comrades of the Grand 
Army of the Republic are growing old, and in the course of a few years 
they will no longer burden t\w politician or the Government, State or 
National ; but while they .'ire with us, it seems as though amends should 
\ye made by a more generous recognition of the veteran. To add my 
utmost to the publicity of the law on this subject, I desire to incor- 
porate in this report sections 17.")1 and IT').") of the Tnited States Revised 
Statutes at fiarge, relating to the Executive Civil S<'rvice. 

"Sei'tion 1754. Persons honoijihly (lis('l)arged from the military or 
naval service by reason of disability resulting from wounds or sickness 
incurred in the line of duty, shall be })referred for appointments to civil 
offices, provided they are found to possess the business capacity neceesary 
for the proper discharge of the duties of suc^h ofhees. 

•*Sec. ITof), H. S. In graceful recognition of the services, sacrifices and 
sufferings of persons honorably dis(har;4e(l from the military and naval 
service ol the country, l)y reason of wounds, (lise;use. or the expiration of 
terms of enlistment, it is respectfully recommended to bankers, merchants. 

i82 Thirty-third National Encampment 

manufactarers, mechanics, farmers, and persons engaged in indnstrial 
pursuits to give these the preference for appointments to remunerative 
situations and employment. 

There are 60 Camps with a total membership of looO. 

The Division fjrnished two full companies of Sons of Veterans for 
service in the late Spanish- American War, Company L, Thirty-third Mich- 
igan, which received their *' baptism of fire " before Santiago, and Com- 
pany B. Thirty-fifth Michigan, now at Camp McKenzie, Georgia. 

The officers of the Division, George E. Coggle««hall, Commander, and 
F. D. Eddy, Adjutant, as well as the entire personal staff, are enthusi- 
astic in their patriotic work, and the organization is in a healthy condition. 


Henry A, Norton, A. I. G. 

1. The department headquarters are exceedingly well located in the 
Lumber Exchange, one of the finest office buildings in Minneapolis. In 
addition to the large officeroom there is a tine vault for the storage of all 
valuable papers, books of record and other department property. I find 
that all books of recx)rd, including bound copy of semi-annual reports, 
account with the Adjutant General, Q. M. General, files of orders trom 
National Headquarters, et<j., are in good condition, easy of access and 
well kept, 

2. Memorial Day is universally observed by all the Posts of the 

3. Particular attention is paid to visiting weak and out of the way 
Posts, at least once a year, by a department ofticer, usually the Commander 
and his Assistant Adjutant General. 

4. Nearly all the Posts in country towns own burial lots. In Minne- 
apolis and St. Paul the principal cemetery in each city has donated a large* 
magnificent lot to the G. A. R. 

5. Only one new Post. 

6. The condition of the Department is good. The interest in every- 
thing that x)ertains to the good of the Order is by no means on the decline. 
The attendance of our Department Encampments is large and enthusiastic, 
and a .spirit of true comradeship pievails within our Ixirders. 


1. The Sons of Veterans have Xi Camps. 

2. The Woman's Keliel Corps have 105 Corps. 
:i. The Ladies of the G. A. K. have 44 Circles. 

All these auxiliaries are in a flourishing condition, and are doing their 
part in assisting our order to care for the need}' comrade or his widow and 

Grand Army of the (Republic 183 

HoHRs — Number and Condition. 

1. The ''State Soldier's Home," the only Home we have, is the pride of 
every member of the Grand Army of the Republic, Department of 
MiDoeaota. It is bailt on the cottage plan, having five cottages, adminis* 
tffmtion building and hospital. These buildings are brick and stone and are 
modem in every respect. The location is magnificent, being on a high blaff 
overlooking the Mississippi River, and near historic Minnehaha Falls, in 
Minneapolis. Number of members, July 31, 1898, 339 ; average number 
present and absent during the year, 386. 

2. The amount of State aid for the fiscal 3'ear 1897-8, ending June 80, 


1. The interest manifested by our schools in the observance of Memorial 
Bay, and in taking part in the exercises, is on the increase. 

2. The Flag floats over the schoolhouses of this commonwealth, it is 
safe to say, without an exception. 

3. In oar large cities, comrades are detailed to conduct patriotic services 
the Friday preceding Memorial Day. In the small towns this is not 
generally carried out. 

4. Histories that are considered the very best text-books of the Civil 
War are used in our schools. Love for the Flag, loyalty to country, and 
the fact that the North was right and the South was wrong, is also impress- 
ed upon the minds of the scholars. 


1. The tendency has been s'oadily towards greater and yet greater en- 
thusiasm in the observance of this solemn festival. 


2. The Grand Army of the Kepiiblic rei*eivcs the moral and social 
support of all our citizens. 

Jno. II. Frick, A. I. G. 


1. The DeiMirtment Hcjulqiuirters, locatrd at 303 Temple Building, 
Broadway, Walnut Sts., St. I^)uis, Mo., are centrally located and easily 
reach(r<l from any part of the eiiy and csi>ecially convenient for comrades 
visiting the city. 

On Feb. 10th, 1H<)H, I made a personal inspection of these Headtpiarters 
and found everything in a satisfactory condition. Comrade Jas. B. Wilde, 
the .\ssistant Adjutant and (Quartermaster (ieneral keeps the records in 
good shape and can at a moment's notiee tell the c«)ndition and presi^nt 
status of any Posts in the Department. _j 

184 Tliirty-thirJ National Encampment 

A complete file of reports of Posts is also kept. Some, Posts are slow 
about sending in their reports and are to that extent a hindrance in keeping 
the record up to date. An account of Quartermaster's supplies received 
and issued is kept in good shape and one can tell what is on hand in a few 
moments. A few portraits of National, Department and Post Commanders 
adorn the walls and a number of relics of battle fields are here to be seen» 
all in all the old comrades fiml this a pleasant place to drop in for a little 
rest while in the city and are sure of a hearty welcome on the part of De- 
partment Commander A. G. Patterson and Comrade Jas. B. Wilde. 

2. Memorial Day is more generally observed by Posts and awakens more 
interest among the people generally than formerly. About 290 Posts held 
exercises on Memorial Sunday, and :^00 Posts held Decoration Day exercises, 
with 8,000 comrades in attendance, and about 20,000 graves were decorated, 
These exercises are thoroughly enjoyed by the old comrades and do much 
good in educating the rising generation in patriotism and love of country. 

3. Department officers visit Posts as far as piactical)le and meet with an 
enthusiaotic welcome at the various Encampments and Camp Fires held 
during the year. 

4. I have not been able to ascertain how many Posts own burial lots. 

5. The proposition of Posts having associate members has been recom- 
mended by Department Commander Peterson, but a question as to its 
legality having been raised, the matter is for the present held in abeyance. 

6. The general condition of the Department is good and encouraging. 
The number of Posts in good standing has increased slightly, and many 
comrades who had been suspended have been reinstated. Department 
Commander Peterson iias been making special effort-s along this line and 
with a fair degree of success. While this is gratifsing, we know too well 
that this increase can only be temp )rary, and that iis far as numbers are 
concerned, high tide has been passed and we are now on the low grade. 
The death roll and the infirmities of age are constantly cutting down the 
attendance of our Post meetings. 

Auxiliary Meetings. 

1. It was my pleasant duty to visit the camp of Sons of Veterans, at 
their last annual meeting, at Cvrthage, Mo., and with other comrades bear 
the greetings of our Departmeijt Encampment, then in session at the same 

We found them a fine body of young men, but fewer in numbers than we 
should have liked to have seen. This organization should receive more 
attention and encouragement. We hope to see them continue their annual 
Encampments at the same time and place as that of our Department En- 
campment. The members of this order should prepare to take up the 
mantle of the Grand Army and continue the good work of teaching patriot- 
ism to the young men of the land. 

Grand Army of the Republic 185 

2. The Woman's Ueliel Corps has continued its good work in relieving 
the distress of needy comrades and their families, and caring for the Sol- 
dier's Home. The last annaal report shows 87 Corps and 1785 members in 
^ood standing. $981. 4!5 were expended for relief during the year, leaving a 
balance of $651.22 in the relief fund. 

3. I have failed to get any report from the Ladies of G. A. R. 

Soli>iek's Home. 

The Federal Soldier's Home, at St. Jiinies, Mo., was originally established 
by the W. R. C. and G. A. R. organizations of this Department, but is now 
under State control. 

The Home has a lawn of eight acres surrounding it, an orchard of eight 
acres, fourteen in meadow, ten in barn lot and pasture, and twenty in gen- 
eral cnltivation. in all sixty acres. The Home and grounds are worth 
640,000.00. It is under the control of a Board of Trustees appointed by 
the Governor. Indigent Union Veterans of the Civil War, their wives, 
widows, and army nurses are admitted. 

There are at present 72 inmates in the Home and larger accommodations 
are needed. We hope the General Assembly now in session will make lib- 
eral appropriations for the enlargement and support of the Home. Comrade 
W. D. Crandall is the etVicient Superintendent ; Comrade Louis Benecke, 
Past Department Commander, is President of the I^ard ot Trustees ; and 
Comrade Chas. F. Vogel, Treasurer. The B:)ard of Tiustetis has planned to 
build a new two story brick buildiiij:. with slate roof, to contain kitchen 
an<l dining room accommodation for 201) inmates and sleeping quarters 
for 150 inmates, with other ncedcul improvements, and they propose to 
inak<* it the equal of any other .Soldier's Home. 

We have no National SoIdi<T's Home in the limits of this Department. 

No G. A. R. Homes or W. K. Corps Homes other than the State Fed- 

4?ral Soldier's Home as stated. No Soldier's Orphans Hom(\ But the 

Central Wesleyan Orphan Asylum, under tlu) control of the (ierman M. E. 

Chnrrh, at Warrenton, Mo., was organized for the purpose of caring for the 

orphans of deceas«Hl Union soldiei-s, ;is well as for those of the M. K. Church. 

Its doors are still open to the orphiuis of rnion soldiers. 

The amount of State aid giv(Mi to State Federal Soldier's Home for th^ 
past two years has been :i>l(>,(K)().(K>. 

1. Some .schools with their te.icliers t:ik(^ part in our Memorial D.iy ser- 
vices, but this custom is not uenenil. 

2. "Old Glory" now floats over mon^ school houses than ever before in 
the limits of this Department. 

3. I fear there are very few patriotic exerci.scs held by comrades in 

1 86 Thirty-third National Encampment 

4. The History of the United States is taught mainly by the use of Text 
books ; " History of the American People " by J. H. Shinn ; ** Elementary 
History of the United States^' by Charles Morris ; and "Civil Government 
and History of Missouri " by Perry S. Rader, as are texts used in our pub- 
lic schools. The treatment of the " Civil War " by Shinn, is from a parti- 
san confederate standpoint and for that reason very objectionable. 

The other texts, while they are not so objectionable, are not wholly 
satisfactory. But while this is true, they all express great satisfaction that 
the ^nion was preserved and that Slavery, which caused the trouble, lias been 
aholishedy and these facts will tend greatly to lessen the harm which may 
be done by their use. The discriminating youth will be able to arrive at a 
just conclusion as to who was right and who was wrong in the great contest 
for the life of the Nation. 

The old hatred of the bhie uniform and the ^^ Starry Banner ^^ we carried 
dies hard, but it is surely dying. 

Blessed be God there are many who wore the '* gray " who are now proud 
to wear the "blue" and do valiant battle under " Old Glory " for the 
Union and the cause of humanity. 


In certain parts oi this Department the people generally observe Memor- 
ial Day, but not in all parts. It is a greater day in some places than the 
4th of July. The moml and social support given the Grand Army of the 
Republic in portions of the Department is all that could be wished and 
upon the whole I think there is a general improvement throughout the De- 
partment of Missouri. 


G. T. Chambers, A. I. G. 
I. Department. 

1. Headquarters are in good condition. 

2. Memorial Day is generally observed by Posts. 

3. Department Officers visit Posts in their immediate viitinity frequently, 
but the Posts of the vState generally are scattered over such a large area and 
there being no funds available for that purpose, they are unable to visit the 
Posts generally. 

4. About two-thirds of the Posts own burial lots. 

5. Three Posts have Associate Members. 

6. The Department is in good condition. 


1. Sous of Veterans.- There is none at present. 

2. Woman's Relief Corps is fully organized. 

[_ 3. Ladies of the G. A. R. — None in the Department, 

Grand Army of the Republic 187 

III. Homes.— Numb r:k and Condi nox. 

1. There is a State Soldier's Home at Columbia Falls, has fifty iumateSy 
is well conducted and in good condition. 

2, 3, 4 and 5. — There are none. 

6. Amount of State Aid is $.'>, 000.01) per annum. 


1. In a number of places the schools participate in observance ot Me- 
morial Day. 

2. Yes. Very generally. 

3. Yes, in some places, but it is not as generally done as should be. 

4. Oral instruction in all the higher or (irummar schools. Barnc's brief 
History of the United Slates is studied in the Grammar grades. Historical 
maps are nsed for reference. -Maps are drawn by the pupils to illustrate 
the Civil War. 


1. Yes; they do as far as I have been able to observe. 

2. Moral and social support is fairly good. 

J. D. King, A. I. G. 

Department Hcud({uarter.s at Lincoln. Neb., room furiiislie<i by the State 
in the Capitol building ; the room is large and situated on the first lloor : 
ha*4 a library ; records well kept and preserved. 

Ob-servance of "Memorial Dav. " — Observed almost universally bv Posts 

Department Othcers visit many Posts during the year. 

One hundred Posts own their own burial lots. 

Onlv one Post with Associate Members. 

The general condition of Posts tliroiigli tlic Stale is good, with light gain 
la.*it term. 

Women's Relief Corjis Anxiliary. 

There are organizations ot S. of V., L. of (i. \. K. and D. ol V., but are 
not au.xiliary to the (J. .A. \l. 

We have two Soldier's Homes in the Slate : one at Oraiid Island and one 
at Milfoni, Neb. 

Amount of Slate Aid, s7:J.*2\>(>.(HI. 

S<-liool» at nearly all Posts i)artici|)ate in Memorial Services. 

The "Flag'' floats over a large pro|)ortion of the Public School Houses. 

Comrades do at times hold patriotic services or exercises in school 

The history of the Civil War is taiijrht as the History of the United States 

The people generally, observe and assist at Memorial services. 

The moral and social support given t«) the (J. A. K. is good. 

1 88 Thirty-third National Encampment 

H. G. Chase, A. I. G. 

Parsoant to orders, I visited Departireat Headquarters February 20, at 
Concord, and found the same in first-class condition. Assistant Adjutant- 
General, Frank Battles, is in charge, and everything pertaining to his 
office and that of the Assistant Quartermaster-General was in perfect 

Memorial Day is universally observed according to the requirements of 
the G. A. R. Department officers make frequent visits to the different 

Burial lots are owned by a few of the larger Posts. Only three Posts 
have associate members. The general condition of the Department is 

We have a Division of Sons of Veterans with twenty-one Camps, com- 
prising a membership of 610 in a fair condition. 

There are 74 Itelief Corps with a membership of about 4000, who are 
very active and deserve much credit for the noble work thay are doing, for 
the relief of our destitute Comrades and their families. 

We consider our State Soldiers' Home at Tilton a model in its line. 
January 1 there were 85 inmates, who, under the wise and careful manage- 
ment of Captain Smith and his wife, who is the matron, are enjoying all 
the comforts of a home in their declining days. 

The State appropriates $10,000 annually for the support of the Home. 

Pupils of the public schools throughout the Department participate in 
the observance of Memorial D.*y. No school house is considered complete 
unless the Stars and Stripes float over it. 

G. A. R. Comrades visit schools and patriotic services are held in most 
places. The History of the Civil War is taught by the use of revised 

Memorial Day is observed to a considerable extent by the public, which 
is also generous in its support of the G. A. R. in a moral and social way. 

Robert Edgar, A. I. G. 

1. The Department is in good condition. Total numbers, 6316. 

2. The Observance of Memorial Dixy. — Eighty-three Posts held Memorial 
Services May 30, 1898. 

3. The Department Officers have made visits to all Posts. 

4. The number of Posts owning burial plots. — 21. 

. The number of Posts having Associate Members. — 20. 
. The general condition of the Depiirtnient. — Uood. 

Grand Army of the Republic 189 

Auxiliary Organizations. 

1. No. of Posts reporting Camps of Sons of Veterans 24 

2. No. of Posts with Woman's Relief Corps 27 

3. No. of Posts with Ladies G. A. K 11 

Homes. — Number and Condition. 

1. State Soldier's Home. — One, situatetl at Kearney. 

The house is in fine condition and has at present 820 beneficiaries. The 
State appropriates $15,000 per year. 


The participation in observance of Memorial Day is general by the school 
children, and **01d Glory" floats over all school houses and the comrades 
attend the exercises in the schools. 

The History of the Civil War is tiiught in a general way, but not im- 
pressed as it shonld be. 

The people generally observe Memorial Day. The majority as a day of 
pleasure and recreation, but can report 150,000 comrades, societies, orders 
and others who observe the day in proper manner. 

The public, moral and social support given to the Grand Army of the 
Republic is fair. 


Valentine Herbert, A. I. (x. 

I have the honor to re])(>rt that tVoin the ro})()rts of the Depiirtment 
Oflfi<"ers this day made to National Head(iuarters, I find that there are in 
the Department ten Posts, eij^lit of wliieh are in ^ood shiiiding, and two 
have not forwarded their r<;|M)rt8 and have not taken the necessary stei)S to 
disband, such as the surrender of charters and returning their papers to 
Department Head<iuart<'rs. The luenibersliip of the IK'partinent is shown 
at 117 members, a loss diirinjj tlie last half year often nuMubers. The 
Department is larger in ar(»a than tlie N(;\v Kii«jjland and Middle States 
combined, and it is almost imp )ssi])l<» to kovp oiir meinbfrsliip united. 

Our rep »rts show that dining the year oiir death rate has been larger and 
our list of susp<jnsi()ns smaller than in any year since tlur bepartment was 
organized fifteen y<'ars aj^o. Onr Department OlHcers will make a strong 
etfort between now and June !>0 to make uj) our losses ])y restrictions from 
the sus])ende(l and dr(»i>|>e(l lists with an occasional new recruit added. 
In answer to your "Circular of instructions,'' dated December 'JO, 1^!)'^, I 
have the honor to report as tollows : 

1 Dkpaktmknt : 

I have inspected the (»f the Assistant A<ljutant-( Jencral and 
Assistant (2uartermaNtcr-(HM)< ral and lind them in <:o(mI condition. All 
orders to December 'M. l**!*-. duly rcceiv«Ml and ])romul}xated. All dues 
paid to National Hcad<|uart« r< to date. 

190 Thirty-third National Encampment 

2. Memorial Day is very generally observed by all the Posts, especially 
by Carletgn Post of Santa Fe, which was the only National Cemetery in 
the Southwest to look after. It contains over eight hundred soldiers* 
graves. Every Post in the department looks after the graves of soldier 
dead scattered all through New Mexico. 

3. Owing to the large area to be covered as above referred to, it is very 
difficult for Department Officers to visit Posts. They do occasionally. 

4. Four Posts own burial lots. 

5. No associated members reported. 

6. General condition of the Department. It is holding on by the teeth 
and toe-nails, and the Comrades are trying to lind out whether there ever 
was a War of the Kebellion, and whether that war occurred before or after 
the Mexican War and the Spanish-Cuban W^ar. 

Auxiliary Organizations : 

1. Sons of Veterans, None. 2. Woman's Relief Corps, 2. 3. Ladies' 
O. A. R, None. 

Homes : 

To all of these questions I answer no. 

Schools : 

1. The schools very generally participate in observance of M<smorial 
Day. 2. On a large number of school houses The Flag floats. 3, 4. I 
answer not as much as they should. We hope, however, to have these 
matters very strongly urged upon the attention of our next encampment. 

Public : 

1. I answer yes, most emphatically, and — 2 — give the same answer to 
2, that the public and moral support is good, and that Memorial Day is 
becoming every year in New Mexico a sacred and not a holiday. 


Philip B. Low, A. I. G. 
Department : 

1. Condition is excellent. Being located at Albany it is one of the 
objects of interest to visitors by reason of its handsome appointments, its 
museum of war relics and its gallery of portraits of Past Department Com- 
manders and many inspiring pictures of war scenes. The records of the 
Department arc systematically filed. The Assistant Adjutant-General and 
Acting Assistant Quartermaster-General are in daily attendance, and are 
proficient in tlie performance of their duties, which are necessarily 

Grand Army of the Republic 191 

2. All Posts observe Memorial Day at cemeteries and hold memorial 
services the Sunday previous, in which they are joined by t^e Sons of 
Veterans, Woman's Relief Corps and Ladies of the G. A. R. 

3. Department Commander has visited many counties in the State, 
attending re-unions, etc. The staff have visited many Posts in their par- 
ticalar localities. 

4. From six to ten Posts own burial plots. 

5. We have but one Post with Associate members, namely, U. S. Grant 
Post, No. 327. 

6. General condition. Very good. 

Auxiliary Organizatioxs : 

1. There are 95 Camps of Sons of Veterans, with a membership of 3291. 

2. There are 236 Corps in the Department. 

3. There are some organizations, but not being auxiliary to the G. A. R., 
have not given the matter much attention. 

Homes, Number and Condition : 
1 State Home at Bath in good condition. Inmates well ciired for. 

2. No National Home. 

3. No G. A. R. Home. 

4. A fine Woman's Relief Corps Home for veterans and wives is located 
at Oxford, Chenango County. While somewhat small, new buildings are 
being erected. It is an ideiil lo<'ation and institution, and, like the State 
Home, is a State charge. It is ably superintended by Mrs. Ellen M. 
Putnam, Past Department Presid("nt Woman's Relief Corps. It is man- 
agwl by Board of Trustees of which Past Department President. Mrs. 
Annie P. Clearv, is President. A great inten*st is evinced in its success- 
ful management. 

'). There are none. 

♦). Both Homes are UM<ler State eliMrg<*. There is also a law giving 
power to authorities in all counties to appropriati? money in sums sufficient 
for the relief of veteran's widows and orphans, and the law provides that 
they shidl not be sent to institutions, but shall b<* relieved at home. In 
<ireater New York alone; upwards of .^io.OOO is appropriated annually for 
relief purposes. 

S('IHH)I>5 : 

1. The day preceding M<Mnorial Day is set aside lor patrioti(! exercises 
in all public schools. 

2. Yes. 

3. Ye-s, upon reeeipt of invitation from the l*rinei[>al at the Meniorial 
exercises, which, as above stated, took |)lace the day i)reeeding Memorial 
Day, and niM)n the occasion ol a lla<; jnesentation by a l*ost. 

4. Very thoroughly. 

Puklk; : 

1. Yes. It being a legal iioliday ^reat <M"owds are in attendance at the 
annual parade and evince the greatest inti^rest and enthusiasm and gener- 
ally oKserve the dav. 

192 Thirty-third National Encampment 


E, A. Montfort, A. I. G. 
Department : 

1. The Department Headquarters, located on the second floor of the 
City Hall, Columbus, Ohio, is well equipped and furnished for efficient 
service. The books, piipers and supplies are sufficient and arranged in a 
convenient and orderly manner, both for the comfort of the officers and the 
accommodation of visitinj; cjmrades. 2. Memoriivl Day has been gener- 
ally observed by the Posts. The Sabbath services on the Sabbath preceding 
May 30, Posts assemble in churches or Post Halls and listen to a Memorial 
sermon. In the larger cities and towns the Boards of Education have 
turned out with teachers and pupils. In Cincinnati, last Memorial Day, 
eight thousand boys, each ciirrying a flag and the older girls dressed in 
white with tri-colored ribbons and flower« headed by the members of the 
Board of Teachers and High School Cadets, escorted the veterans on the 
march to the cemeteries, and assisted the veterans in garlanding the graves 
with the choicest flovvers. 3. The Department officers have been faithful 
in visitation. The Department Commander visited 35 counties and attended 
campfires in each. 4. Not to exceed five Posts own burial lots. Other 
lots are owned by associations or municipalities. Most of the Cemetery 
Associations have set apart lots for burial of veterans. 5. Six Posts have 
associate members. 6. The general condition of the Department is good, 
if we make allowance for the painful fact that the G. A. R. has reached and 
passed the high water mark and is now declining. There are less than 
29,000 active members in Ohio Posts, a decrejise of about 2,225 since last 

Auxiliary Organizations : 

1. I have visited the Headquarters of the Sous of Veterans for Ohio, 
and there learned that there are 87 Camps with 2,000 members in good 
condition, doing active work. This is an increiise over last year, when 56 
Camps and 1300 members were reported. The rolls show over 600 dead or 
dropped members. I hope to see a revival of interest in this society, and 
express the feeling and sentiment of the most a<'tive leaders among Sons of 
Veterans, when I venture the opinion that when the sons realize that they 
must not depend upon their fathers for support and maintenance and rely 
more upon themselves, they will have greater prosperity. They should 
sustain an organization that will in the near future be prepared to help the 
declining G. A. R. and provide them with homes and meeting places when 
they yield to the inlirmities of declining yciirs. 2. From reliable sources 
I learn that the Woman's Kelief Corps is growing in strength and influ- 
ence. Some of our nobleet women are giving their best energies to the 
development of larj^er activity and influence. This beneficent organiza- 
tion has now 281 Corps, with a membership of 10,471. The number of 
8ol(li«'rs and their families assisted during the yeiir was 6,115. 

Grand Army of the Republic 193 

Cash expended for relief $5,r)20.9:i * 

Vttlae of relief, other than money 5,800.18 

Cash turned over to Posts 2,332.67 


Donations to various Homes . . . . $»640.1(> 

Supplies sent to Homes 619.34 

Money and Sapplies to Hospitals and Spanish Amer- 
ican Soldiers 11,003.00 


Cash balance in Relief Fund $3,515.73 

Cash Balance in General Fund 8,217.42 


3. The La lies of the G. A. \i. have no ol!icial connection with the De- 
partment, but work with and for the soldiers and their families. Last year 
they made valuable gifts of money and other property to the Orphans' 
Home and Soldiers' Home, and have substantially aided some of the 


Homes : 

1. The Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Home at Sandusky, Ohio, is well 
equipped and still under the ofTicial command of that distinguished soldier 
and jurist, General M. F. Forhe. The roll shows 1527 names for the year 
ending November, 1898, and a daily average of 1202, about 67 less than the 
previous year, wheu thore was an enrollment of 1.418. The appropria- 
tions were ample last year. >ir3 ).()00 was received from the CJeneral Gov- 
ernment. The current exjienses were S121,6:{2.92. The appropriations 
lor the last three (iiiartersof isiM) and the lirst (juarter of 1900 is 5167,- 
649.27, amply snflieient. 2. Tlie Xational Si>ldiers' Home at Dayton, 
Ohio, was so well set forth in the rei>ort of the Assistant Inspector General 
last year, tluxt I shall only sup[>l<'niiMit by saying that the c tnditions 
are substantially tiie sain*? with a sliu;hl increase- in Uie mortality. 4. 
The National Woman's kelief ('«)r[)s Hinne at Madison, Ohio, continues 
to do its beneficent work in a <juiet but elTcctivt; manner. The expend- 
itures have Ix^en about 51(),r)(H>, and there is a balance in tin? treasury. 
5. The Soldiers' an<l Sailors* ( )rj>han's Home at Xenia, Ohio, is provided 
for by the State A|)prnj)riati()ns. 51'>l,7n.29 was set apart, which, with 
other receipts, was ampUv The total expenses for last y<'ar as reported 
to the Auditor ol Stat.;, lb .t up >i:5."), .')!)().(;;;. The enrollment was 1,:{39, 
and the daily avera;ic attcnilance !MM, oni5 more than last year, showing 
that there is yet no sij^n ol" licin-ax' in the nnmber of <IcjMMident children 
oi veterans. (J. The ap[»ro[n iations by the Statt* lor the liscal year Wii8 
|167,t; 49.27. 

S(!ii<)<u.s : 

1. Memorial Day has lum universally observed throu;:hont the State 
and has become a permanent invtitntion. The pupils of the public schools 
are a very prominent l'a«t<»r in the parades. The insi ruction of (rhildren in 

194 Thirty-third National Encampment 

the schools is required by all Boards of Educatioik along this line. Patri- 
otism, the true principles of good citizenship, love of the flag and kindred 
topics, are emphasized and illustrated. I believe Old Glory floats over 
every school house in the State. 3. It is quite common for Comrades and 
others to hold patriotic exercises in schools. 4. The history of the Civil 
War is taught in connection with National history. 

Public : 

1. The people generally observe Memorial Day. 2. There was a very 
marked demonstration of the disposition of the people to give the G. A. R. 
moral, social and financial support during the last National Enciimproent. 


M. L. Pratt, A. I. G. 
Department : 

*■" 1. Excellent. 2. Memorial Day is observed by all Posts. 3. As 
often as their time and means will permit. 4. None. 5. None. 6. Good. 

Auxiliary Organizations : 

1. Not in a flourishing condition. 2. About 50 per cent, of Posts have 
Woman's Reliet Corps. 3. This orgauizittion has but lately come into 
existence in this Department. 

Homes, Number and Condition : 

1. One. 2. None. 3. None. 4. None. 5. None. (i. $10,000. 

Schools : 

1. Generally participate. 2. Generally so. In Portland by a regula- 
tion of the Board of Education. 3. Yes. 4. I can only speak for the 
schools of this city. It is generally taught satisfactory to the G. A. R. 

Public : 

1. Yes. 2. Not what it should be. But this is owing to several con- 
ditions. The chief one being that the people here wore isolated from the 
scenes and incidents of the Civil War, con8e<iuently never realized the ben- 
efits and importance of that great struggle, therefore do not apprei-iate the 
services of the Union defenders. 

Grand Army of the Republic 195 

R. H, Holgate, A. I. G. 

Department : 

1. The headquarters of the Department of Pennsylvania, as well as the 
headqaarters of the Grand Army of the Repuhlic, are located in Independ- 
ence Hall, in the City of Philadelphia. 

This location was secured by the an tiring efforts of a number of Penn- 
sylvania Grand Army men, and through the g,enerosity of the great and 
patriotic City of Philadelphia, one entire building in the very cradle of 
liberty is furnished the Grand Army of the Republic for its uses and pur- 
pose, absolutely rent free. 

These headquarters have been appropriately fitted up and are admirably 
arranged and maintained. They are '* headquarters " of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, in fact as well as in name, and every old soldier, whether 
a G. A. R. comrade or not, is heartily welcomed and made to feel at home. 

The accounts are perfectly kept and open at all times for inspection. 

The financial condition of this Department has been steadily improving, 
and the department has a balance of nearly six thousand dollars in the 

This department has met with an irreparable loss in the death of Charles 
L. Leiper, the ellk'ient Assistant Adjutant-General of the department to 
whose untiring effort much ot the present prosperity of this department 
is due. 

2. Memorial Day is verj' gtMierally observed in this department by the 
several Posts, and the public have to a larger extent than at anytime in the 
historj' of onr organization joined with us in honoring our dead and gone 

3. Department ollicers are very attentive to their respective duties and 
make a practice of visiting the several Posts at intervals during the year, 
thus encouraging the growth and well being of the entire organization. 

4. Very few Posts <>wn tlieir own burial lots at present. Here and there 
one owns its own lot, and the subject of ownership of land lor this purpose 
is attracting more and more attention. 

.'). Associate members of the (^rand Army of the Republic can scarcely 
lie found in this dei>artinent, the feeling among the survivors of the war of 
IHtil-Chy l)eing that our organization shouhl eoutinuo an organiz^ition of the 
men who offered their all in defense of th(Mr country, at a time when the 
best effort of the nation was demanded to preserve its integrity. 

(}. (Jenerally the couditinn of this department is in a healthy and ])ros. 
I>erous way. The great reaper is continually making inroads on its 
membership, but these losses are in a large ineiusure made up by increased 

196 Thirty-third National Encampment 

devotion among the remaining membership, and by increased recognition of 
the value of the *' elbow touch " of those who have earned a right to- 
meet with us. 

Auxiliary Oroanizatiox : 

1. The Sons of Veterans are rapidly growing in strength and influence m 
this deparment. In very large degree they are relievinsr the parent organ- 
ization of the laborious outdoor duties which the '^ old boys " are no longer 
able to perform. In addition to this, their attitude towards the G. A. R. is 
a tower of assistance in every community where they have a camp. 

2. The Woman's Relief Corps maintains its position as the great auxil- 
iary of the G. A. R. At all times and in all places these noble women 
freely give of their time, their means and their substance to assist the men 
of '61, both in and out of the G. A. R. 

3. The Ladies of the G. A. R. is another organization founded on dif- 
ferent lines from the Woman's Relief Corps, doing their chosen work with- 
out accountability to the G. A. R. itself, admitting none to membership 
except mothers, wives, sisters, daughters and lineal descendants of the 
war of 1861, and freely giving to every war worn, life-tired old soldier, 
their countenance, their aid, and their assistance. This organization is 
rapidly augmenting its membership in this department, and its power for 
good is shown every day, in the relief of the needy, the burial of the indi- 
gent dead, and assistance of the living. 

Homes, Number and Condition : 

The Soldier's Home at Erie, Pa., is a model in every way. The 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania maintains and provides for its existence 
by an annual appropriation sufficient for its every need, appoints its officers 
from among Grand Army men and supervises its work from among the 
same class. In this State no old soldier need ask for charity ; this home 
affords to every veteran a veritable haven of rest in his declining years, 
and too much praise cannot be given to the lawmakers of this Common- 
wealth in maintaining this institution on such liberal lines, or to the 
officers and managers of this great home. 

4. The Woman's Relief Corps Home at Brookville maintained at the 
expense of the Woman's Relief Corps, is a model in every respect, and 
well exemplifies the loving kindness of that grand organization. 

5. The Ladies of the G. A. R. have generously provided two homed 
for purposes connected with or growing out of the needs of the veterans 
of the vsar. One ol these Homes is located at Hawkins Station, Penna., 
and is intended to care for the indigent mothers, wives, sisters and 
daughters of our Comrades of the war ; the other one is located at Phila- 
delphia, Penna., and is intended to care for both soldier and wife, when 
poverty or misfortune overtake them. Both of these Homes are nuder the 

Grand Army of the Republic 197 

•exc nsive management and direction of the Ladies ef the G. A. R. Both 
of these fully meet the purposes of their creation and both of them are 
exceedingly well managed. 

5. The State of Pennsylvania has made generous and liberal provision 
for the education and maintenance of the orphans of those who fell in oar 
holy cause. From infancy until these children reach the age ot eighteen, 
their every need, physical and mental, is fully provided for in these insti- 
tutions- Abundant food and raiment, coupled with excellent e<lucational 
advantages, both literary and technical, and competent Grand Army super- 
vision, all combine to prepare these children for the battle of life. The 
entire expense of these institutions is l>orne by the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, and this fact alone is a continuing object lesson, forever 
emphasizing the fact that Republics are not ungrateful. 

In this connection I may say, lor the purpose of closing this feature of 
my report, that the State of Pennsylvania has made generous appropria- 
tions to each of the Homes under the management of the Woman's Relief 
Corps and the Ladies of the G. A. R. 

Schools : 

1. The Sunday Schools very generally, and the common schools to a 
lesser extent, participate in the observance of Memorial Day exercises. 

2. Through the efforts of the (I. A. K. and the P. O. S. A., supple- 
mented by contributions from other patriotic societies, " Old Glory " floats 
over nearly every school house in this State. 

3. Comrades do not generally hold i)atri(>tic exercises in the schools. 
This burden is assumed by younger men and women, but the Comrades are 
always on hand to encourage such ext^rcises ]>y their presence. 

4. In this State; by Act of Assembly, each school board is re(|uired to 
select a series of school books to be ust^l in the common schools during a 
IH»rifMl of three years, hence there is no uniformity in this respect. As a 
rule, the History of the Civil War as taught in our schools is treated from 
a Northern standpoint and is tairly satisfactory. 

PruLic : 

1. The peoi)le of this State, owing to the ahseiice of many of their sons 
in the Spanish-American War, ha\t' taken a new and nuirk("d interest in the 
ol>^ervance of Memorial Day. Tlie true meaning ot' the day appears to 
have come home to our j)ec)plc as never before. Kverywhere the entire 
i>opulation has turned out and attendf-d the |].\erci>es of the (Jrand Army 
of the Republic in the several <('meteries throughout the length and 
breadth of the hind. I'.vervw here these exnci^es have been triven in an 
impressive manner, and every ijidication points to tlie fattt that new inspir- 
ation has been given to all nui jx-ople. 

198 Thirty-third National Encampment 

2. The State of Penusylvania has always been patriotic. It is patri- 
otic to-day. The public and moral support given to the Grand Army of 
the Republic by the people of this Commonwejilth is all that could be 
desired, and as long as one of these battle-scarred veterans remain with 
this people, they will be reverenced and honored, and when they have 
passed to the great beyond their memories will be held in loving remem- 
brance for the sacrifices they made, and for the glory they transmitted to 
their descendants. 

In closing this report I am constrained to tender my sincere thanks to 
each and every one of the officers of the Department of Pennsylvania for 
assistance rendered and courtesies extended. 

A. N. Thompson, A. I. G. 

1. The headquarters occupy three rooms in a building known as 
" G. A. R. Hall," 1412 Pennsylvania Avenue, N. W., one of which rooms 
is used for office purposes ; one as a reception and reading room, and 
the other as a committee room. These rooms are retained because of the 
fact, principally, that a number of Posts hold their meetings in the 
same building, thus bringing the officers and members of the Posts and 
the Department officers into close relations and facilitating the trans- 
action of business, as some of the Department officers are in attendance 
nearly every night in the week. The rooms are reiusonably well supplied 
with office furniture, such as desks, tables, chairs, file eases, etc. They 
are in the care of a janitor, and are kept in a cleanly and neat condition. 

2. Memorial Day is observed very fully and appropriately by the 
Posts of this Department. 

3. The Department officers frequently visit the Posts, and by their 
presence and counsel jwld greatly to the interest of the meetings. 

4. No Post in this Department owns burial lots. 

5. No Post has associate members. 

6. The general condition of the Department is good. There are 21 
Post.s, with an aggregate membership, in good standini^, of about 2,80(). 
The membership, generally, takes a great interest in the work of the 
Order, and a spirit of good fellowship and true comradeship prevails 
throughout the Department. 

Auxiliary Okcjaxizatioxs : 

There are six Camps with an aggregate membership of about 150. 

The membership, generally, manifest an interest in the Order, but 
owing to its limited nuniber not much practical work is done. The 
membership joins with the G. A. R. in the observance of Memorial Day 

Grand Army of the Republic 199 

ttod in other ways displays a ready willingness to avint the O. A. R. in 
every poMible manner. It is hoped that this important aaziliary organi- 
zation may enter more actively and zealously npon the work of increasing 
its membership, and that the members of the O. A. R. will extend a 
hearty co-operation in that direction. 

2. There are ten corps of the Woman's Relief Corps in this Department, 
with an aggregate membership of nearly six hundred. Too much can 
not be said in praise of these noble bands of women, . Imbued, as they 
are, with a love for the principles and objects of the G. A. R., they are 
ever ready to lend their aid in every movement inaugurated by the 
G. A. R. for the promotion of the interests of the Order. They actively 
participate in the observances of Memorial Day, and each spend two or 
three days immediately preceding Memorial Day in weaving garlands of 
flowers to be placed upon the graves of fallen comrades. They also per- 
form a vast amount of relief work, thas greatly aiding the Department in 
caring for needy Comrades and the widows and orphans of those deceased. 

There is only one Circle of the Ladies of the G. A. R. in this Department 
the membership of which is about eighty, nearly one-half of which is com- 
posed of comrades of the G. A. R., (Honorary Members). The ladies man- 
ifi»t an earnest devotion to the woik in which they are engaged, and 
accomplish a great deal in work of a relief nature. They unite with the 
G. A. R. in the exercises of Memorial Day. and are ever ready to respond 
to any appeal that may be made to them for aid in carrying forward any 
movement undertiiken by the Cf. A. R. It is hoped that this valuable 
anxilary may grow in numbers, and thus become the better enabled to 
enlarge its sphere of useful ncs-s as an auxiliary of the (xrand Army of the 


There is only one Home in the District of Columbia, excepting the one 
established and maintained by the general government, to which only 
soldiers who served in the Rcguiar Army are admited. The one Home men* 
tionetl is known as a ''Temporary Homo." for the maintenance of which 
an appropriation of .S2r>00 is annually mjwle by Congress. It is under the 
control of the Depiirtment of the Potoma(!, and is managed by a Board 
composed of one member from eii(^!) Post. Tliis Home is for the tempomry 
accommodation of comrades, the most of whom con.sist of those who visit 
Washington in search of oniployincnt, or with the view to expediting 
settlement of pending claim for pension. 

No Comrade is maintaintMl at tliis Home for a longer iH»riod than ten 
days, except in coses of peculiar and extreme nei^essity. The Home is 
always full, and by limiting the duration of maintenance its l>enbfits be(?ome 
extended to a larger number than wouM be pos.sible were inmates p«.'nnitt«i 
to remain indefinitely. Under ])revailing conditions, a Home of this char- 
acter is a necessity here at the Capitol of the Nation, the Mecca towards 

200 Thirty-third National Encampment 

which our needy Comrades turn seeking relief of some character ; and were 
it not for such a Home they would of necessity be forced to undergo hard- 
ship now happily averted. 


Under this head I deem it well to quote a report submitted by the 
Superintendent of the Public Schools of the District ol Columbia, in 
response to a request made by me upon the Commissioners of the District 
of Columbia for information on the subject of patriotic teaching in the 
public schools. The report is as follows : 

1. "The schools, by special request of the Superintendent, furnish 
flowers everv vear for the deconitiou of soldiers' jxraves. On Decoration 
Day schools are closed in observance of the event. Our contributions at 
these times are generous and are given with thought, the attention of the 
children being called to the purposes for which they contribute. 

2. The flag floats from every school house in the District of Columbia, 
Congreas making a special annual appropriation for this purpose. The flag 
had floated over nearly e»ery school house in the District of Columbia years 
before Congress made any appropriation therefor, the teachers procuring the 
flags by means of concerts and other entertainments. 

15. Patriotic exerises are held in the schools. 

a. Memorial exercises are held annually on the anniversiiry of Wash- 
ington's birthday. The Board of Trade of the City of Washington for the 
last lour years has furnished presiding officers and speakers for the various 
schools of the District. The meeting of the members of the Board of Trade 
with the officers, principals and pupils of the public schools has been an 
annual occasion of great interest and profitable inquiry into the character, 
purpose and philosophy of our government and its relation to the lives and 
conditions of the children. 

b. Other patriotic exercises are liad during the year, as for instance an 
hour or two are given to the observation of flag day. On these occasions 
the history of the flag is made known and talked about, patriotic songs are 
sung and essays are read by the children. 

c. The life and services of Latayette were brought to the minds of the 
children during the past j'ear by their being asked to contribute a small 
amount for a monument to be erected to his memory in the near future. 

d. United States History is a part of the course of instruction from the 
jowest primary grade to and including the high schools, graded according 
to the capabilities of the children. It is the primal purpose of the teaching 
of United States history in our schools to show the varying natures and 
values of our institutions ; what they have cost in treasure, in blood and 
in thought ; what they mean to us and what they mean to the world. In 
doing this the lives of patriotic men are made prominent. Frequently the 
occasions of the finishing of subjects are used as opportunities for public 
exercises that are distinctly patriotic in their nature. 

Grand Army of the Republic 201 

e. The national songs are a part of our music course, which we strive 
to have sung understandingly. 

f. In many of our schools, though, this has not been made mandatory 
or universal, the flag is used as an ornament and is saluted regularly as a 
jKirt of the opening of the daily exercises. 

g. Finally, one of the chamcterizing features of the Washington 
schools in that of teaching patriotism and humanitarianism. 

4. The history of the Civil War is taught from text books which are 
furnished in great variety. Many reference books by accepted authors are 
in use also. Free and generou* discussion is encouraged in this as in all 
other history work." 

At the annual cnc^impment of the Department of the Potomac held on 
February 2 and 3 instant, I introduced resolutions of which the following 
is a copy : 

••Whereas, The participation by the pupils of the Public Schools 
in the observance of Memorial Day would not only form an impressive 
feature, but would also serve as an object lesson, teaching patriotism, loyalty 
to country, and reverence for the dead who gave up their lives in the 
Nation's defense ; Therefore bt* it 

Beiiolved, That the Department Commander be and he is hereby re- 
questtnl to make si;eh arninj^einents with tlie proper public school officials 
as may be practieable with the view to s<"euring the participation of the 
puj>ils in the observance of Memorial Day ; Be it further 

Jiesoind, That the Depjiitiuent Commander be antl he is hereby also 
reqnestwl to make arran;;eimMits with tlie proper piil>lic school otVicials, if 
l>raeti«3ible, whereby eomrades of tlie (Jraiid Army, to b(i seh'ctrd tVom the 
several Posts in tliis Department, may visit the sehools on Flag Day of each 
year and in some suital)le maimer |)arti<'i[).ite in the exercistjs held by the 
schools in the eclehratioii of that dav.'' 


These resolntious were uiianiiiioiisly a(lopt<Ml, and it is hoped tiiat the 
objects tluTcin contemplated will Ix; a(*eoiu[)lishe(l. 


1. I regret to say that the p<M»ple. «;enerally, do not observe Memo- 
rial D.iy in the manner c mtfinplated when the day was set apart. The 
meml>ers of the (J. A. li., I.ulies of the \V. K. C., Ladies of the (I. A. K., 
Son** of Veterans, and otlnr ]»atriotie organizations, as also a porti(ui of the 
genenil population, ohservr the tiay in a true spirit, but tlu're is a large 
class bv whom the dav i-; inad<' one of plea-^ure. Uv an act ot Conj'ress, 
Memorial Day was nia<h* a national lujliday in tlie District of Columhia. 
It is a dav dedicat<'d to the nieniorv of tlu)se who fell in detense of the 

•r ft 

nation, and should be observed in a reverent manner ; but it seems to be 
regarded by many as a tlay specially designed for picnics, excursions. 

202 Thirty-third National Encampment 

and other amnsemeots. That such should be the case is a cause for sincere 
regret to those who revere, as they should, the memory of our fallen 

2. There are those in our midst who have no sympathy with the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and though not actually hostile they give 
it no moral or social supi)ort. These people, however, form but a compar- 
atively small portion ot the population, the greater portion being kindly dis 
posed toward the Order, and manifest their interest in its welfare by a moral 
and social support, as well as by financial aid in patronizing the various 
entertainments and other enterprises inaugurated for the purpose of obtain- 
ing funds to carry into effect the beneficent features of the Order. 

William E. Stone, A. I. G. 

Depaktment : 

1. I have made a thorough inspection of Department Headquarters 
and find every equipment necessiiry for the proper transaction of all matters 
pertaining to Department work. The records are perfect in every detail, and 
in fact could not be otherwise under the management of that prince of 
Assistant Adjutant Generals, Colonel Philip S. Chiise, who is now on his 
sixth successive term. 2. Observance ot Memorial Day: Every Post in 
this Department observes in love and honor this day sacred in the hearts of 
all true Comrades. On every mound of our loyal dead we have placed a 
substantial G. A. R. marker, provided with a small American flag which is 
renewed every Memorial Day, and in many eases again during the Autumn. 
No grave is left on Memorial Day without its garland of green and beauti- 
ful flowers of springtime, placed there by Comrades, assisted by Sons of 
Veterans, women of the Woman's Relief Cori)s, and loving hands ol the 
pupils of our public schools, who are always our willing helpers. One Post 
has a circuit of seventeen miles which they make in a body, visiting eight 
large and small cemeteries. The Sunday inunediately preceding Memorial 
Day is most fittingly observed by each Post in the Department attending 
divine service upon the invitation of some pastor. Our State, city and town 
officials and other prominent citizens esteem it an honor to accompany the 
different Posts on these occasions. 3. To what extent do Department 
officers visit Posts ? The Department Commander, accompanied bv a goodly 
number of his Staft' Post Department Commanders and other Comrades 
visit every Post once and otten twice and more during the year, and are 
always received in the true spirit of F. C. and L. These visits are frequently 
made the occasion of so-called oi)en meetings when friends outside of our 
Order are invited, and these meetings prove to be a source of much pleasure 
and profit to all. 4. " Plow many Posts own burial lots?" I think fifteen 
Posts own burial lots. One Post in the City of Providence has charge ot a 

Grand Army of the Republic 205 

G. A. R. burial lot which is available to all city Posts. 5. "How many 
Posts have Associate Members? " There are no Associate Members in this 
Dejmrtment. Five Posts, however, have what we call Post Associates, and 
find them of great assistance, both financially and socially. 6. General 
Condition of Dej)artnient. A spirit of harmony and fraternity exists 
throughout, as it always has, and our Department is in most excellent con- 

ArxiLLiARY Okgaxization : 

1. Sons of Veterans. The Division Colonel makes a somewhat gloomy 
repirt for the year just jiassed. But a brighter prospect seems immediately 
before them, and we have strong hope for its fulfilment. 

2. '* Woman's Keliet Corps." Under the leadership of Mrs Ella F. 
Brest as Department President, the Corps have done excellent work and are 
in a prosperous condition. Some of our Posts could hardly live were it not 
for the material encouragement of patriotic women. Their report for 
December 31st, 1H98, shows nineteen {19) Corps with a membership of eight 
hundred and thirty-eight (KiSi. 

Amount expended for relief during the year $ 220.77 

Value of relief other than monev 238.23 

Amount spent from Knierjjency Fund, Soldiers of 1H9S 201.00 

Supplies other than money 175.00 

Amount of monev turned over to Posts 234.72 

Total 5^1,069.71 

T<)tal number ot soldiers and tlu-ir taniili<*s assisted <lnrinir the vear : 
soldiers, 40; families, {'1\. Total, IfU. 

3. '' Ladies ot the (J. A. K." There has hern no olheial or other cor- 
resjM)ndenee, conseciuently no ollicial intbrniation ean be ;iiven. 

IfoMFX. Nl MBKK AM) CoNnnioN. 

1. State Soldiers' Home. This Home is under the direct management 
ot "The State Board of Soldiers' KNliel",'* consisting of His Kxeelleney, the 
(iovernor e.K-offieio. the (leneial Treasurer, ex-ot'lieio, the Assistant General, 
ex-ofticio, and six <|ualirie»i electors who serve<i in the Army or Navy of the 
United States in the War of the Kebellion and were honora])ly dischar^ied 
therefrom. Said six electors are aj)iK)inted by the (Iovernor. by and with 
consent of the Senate, in <lass<*s of two to serve three years. 1 have visited 
the Home several limes durin;^ tin* y<'ar always receiving greeting from 
Ca))tain Benjamin L. Hall I'itth R. I. H. A.) (,'oininandant, Kdward L. 
Knowles (Seventh Rhode Island Volunteers . Adjutant, and the Comrades. 
It may well be called a '' Pavilion Home.'' It is beautii'uUy located on the 
west shore of Mount Ho|»e I'ay. an<l is a model of neatness and i'omfort. 
The membership on December 'M, l^UiK was 17M, of which 170 were 
present. Average age (l\I years. Number ol deaths during the year, 12. 
A\erage age, 62. Death rate in Idon of average i>re.sent during the year, HI. 

204 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Tatal deaths since the opening of the Home in 1888, 82. 2. '* National 
Soldiers' Homes. '^ There are none. 3. " G. A. R. Homes." There are 
none. 4. '* Woman's Relief CJorps Homes." There are none. 5. Soldiers* 
Orphan's Homes." There are none. 6. " Amount of State Aid." For 
1898 the State appropriated $18,000 for the Soldier's Home. For Soldiers 
Relief, $13,000. Total, $31,000. 

Schools : 

1. Participation in observance of Memorial Day. The pupils of the 
public schools contribute flowers, and money for the purchase of flowers 
most generously. In many cases the entire schools participate with the 
Posts, adding greatly to the interest of the day. 2. Does *' Old Glory '* 
float over school houses ? We do not know of a single school house in use 
without the Stars and Stripes outside, and in many cases, inside too. 3. 
Do comrades hold patriotic services in schools ? With the hearty approval 
of the School Commissioner and School Superintendents of the several towns 
of the State, the birthday of the lamented Abraham Lincoln, occurring on 
the 12th day of February, has been selected and adopted as ** Grand Army 
Flag Day," a portion of the school hours of which day are devoted in the 
several schools to patriotic exercises, and by permission of the schools we 
try to have one or more Comrades at each school. The ob.servance has 
hecome general, proving highly interesting and profitable to all. 4. How 
is History of the Civil War taught? The same text books are still used 
that have been so greatly criticised in the " Report of the Committee on 
School Histories " in the journal of the Thirty-first National Encampment, 
Grand Army of the Republic, 1897. To their credit, however, I am glad to 
say that many of our teachers try to correct the errors. 

Plhlic : 

1. Do the people generally observe Memorial Day ? A large percentage 
of our citizens do. All public business is suspended. All manufactories* 
and, as a rule, all stores and other places of business are closed. 2. What 
is the public moral and social support given to the Grand Army of the 
Republic? Nearly every town makes appropriations to the Posts for the 
better observance of the day. The Grand Army of the Republic is held in 
high esteem, and the social standing is jusc what each comrade chooses to 
make for himself. 

W. L. Palmer, A. I. G. 

The Department Headquarters are in good shape. Well supplied with 
blanks, supplies, etc. Commander, Assistant Adjutant General, and 
Assistant Quartermaster General prompt and efficient in all their duties. 
General and special orders promptly forwarded to all Posts. 

Grand Army of the Republic 205: 

Memorial Sunday and Memorial Day are more religiously observed by 
the Poets, Woman's Relief Corps and Sons of Veterans and the public 

Owing to the remote distance of some of the Posts from headquaiters, 
Commander Farr has not been able to visit all of them during the year, but 
with the assistance of other Department officei-s, very few of the Posts have 
not been visited. 

I have no record or official report of the number of Posts owning burial 
lots, but am informed that thirty -five of the Posts are provided for. Asso 
date members are unknown in this Department. From reports of Posts, I 
find of the 90 who have reported, the prospects are as follows : 1, excellent ; 
1, first-class ; 42 good : 27, fair ; and 19 poor. Very few calls have been 
made upon the Relief Fund, and but $272.60 expended for nrlief. 

We have nineteen camps of Sons of Veterans, all of which are very 
nearly depopulated, owing to their members following in the footsteps of 
their sires by serving their country laithfuUy in Cuba, Porto Rico and the 
Philippines. The Woman's Relief Corps, number 48, all in a healthy and 
prosperous condition. We also have an organization of the Ladies of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

Our Soldiers' Home, located in the extreme western part of the State, 
at Hot Springs, I regret to s;iy, I have been unable to visit. From conver- 
sation with tliose who have vi.sit<»d it recently, and comments in numerous 
jKipers publishcil throiijjhout the State, 1 am convinced that the*' Home" 
is in excellent condition, well niiinajjjed, and the "Old Hoys" well and 
comfortably provided for, liappy and contented. The hijihly medicinal 
properties of the wat<T from tlu* springs, the pnre wholesome air, the com- 
fortable and commodions (luarters providofl, I am satisfied there is no better 
'• Home " for the ohl veterans in the United States. The Legislature very 
promptly and generously api)ropriated for tlie " Home" all that was asked 
from them. 

The schools quite generally join in the observance of Memorial Day, 
and take part in the exercises. Many of our school houses fly the flag 
during s<"hool hours, but not all of them. In most of the schools patriotic 
exercises are held, members of tlie rt)sts being detailed to conduct the 

The people of the State are in perfect accord with the G. A. K., and 
almost univi-rsidly uphold and assist in tlie observance of Memorial Day, 
reunions and camp tires, and all other patriotic services of the G. A. R. 

2o6 Thirty-third National Encampment 


Walton W. French, A. I. G. 
Department ; 

The Headquarters of this Department are provided with all that is 
necessary for the proper discharge of the work required of the officera. The 
business of Headquarters located at Knoxville is conducted by the Assistant 
Adjutant General (who is also Acting Assistant Quartermaster General) now 
serving hid fifth terra as such officer, and who is thoroughly conversant with 
the requirements of the Department. 

The observance of Memorial Day, 1898, was much more extensive than 
in any previous year. From reports received it is safe to say that no Union 
soldiers' grave in the entire Department was left without decoration of flag 
or flower. 

Department officers make no formal visits to Posts, but whenever oppor- 
tunity offers they visit them. Our Posts are scattered over a wide extent of 
territory, and most of them can only be reached by horseback over rough 
mountain roads. 

No Posts have reported as owning burial lots, and it is not believed 
that any are so owned. 

Associate members are unknown in this Department. 

During the last two or three years the membership of the Department 
has decreased very i-apidly. In 1898 the net loss reported was 473. Various 
reasons might be given for this loss, death, old age, and infirmity represent 
the larger proportion. 

Auxiliary Orgaxizatioxs : 

The Sons of Veterans and Woman's Relief Corps each have Depart- 
ment Organizations in Tennessee. The numerical strength of either is not 
very large. There is no organiziition here of the Ladies of the G. A. R. 

Homes : 

There are no Homes for either disabled Union veterans or their children 
in Tennessee. 

Schools : 

In many localities, particularly in the larger towns, schools are closed 
on Memorial Day and the children participate in the services by their pres- 
ence and assistance. The National flag floats over a number of school 
houses and many Posts have contributed flags for that purpose. We are 
endeavoring to have a law passed by the State Legislature, now in session, 
to make it compulsory to keep the flag over school houses while school is 
in session, but it is doubtful if the bill becomes a law at this session. 

In a large number of counties in the State, particularly in the Eastern 
division, Montgomery's United States History is the text book, which does 
full justice to the achievements of the Union soldiers. 

Grand Army of the Republic 207 

Pl'BLIC : 

Considering the fact that so large a majority of the people of Tennessee 
p;irticipated in the rebellion or sympathized with secession, the pjirticipation 
in the observance of Memorial Day and the resi)ect for the Grand Army and 
the survivors of the Union army, is very gratifying. Mnch of the animosity 
and bitterness of years ago is disappearing, yet it will be a long time 
before the differences occasioned by the great conflict will be eradicated. 


E. S. Kilmer, A. I. G. 

Department : 

1. Condition of Headquarters. Not having been at Department 
Headquarters, 1 cannot speak with certainty, but, knowing both the Dejmrt- 
ment Commander and Assistant Adjutant General, I feel justified in 
siiying that the Headquarters of this Department are in good order and 
condition. "* 

2. Observance of Memorial Day by Posts. Memorial Day is very 
generally observed by the Posts of this Depjirtment, and all graves are 
deconited with flags and flowers. 

3. To what extent do DeiKirtnient officers visit Posts? The present 
Deimrtnient Commander has visited every Post -save one — in this Depart- 
ment during his term. An oxcillent showing, considering the vast territory 
and scattered Posts. 

4. How many Posts own burial lots? Thirteen (13) Posts own lots. 

r>. How many Post have Associate njembers? There are a \ery tew 
Associate members belonging to the l)e])artnient Encampment, Generals 
Weissert and Von Dervoeii and a son of General Samuel Houston — but I 
think no Pout has Associate members. 

fi. (Jeneral condition of Department, (ieneral condition is not as good 
as I would like to see it. It is tliouj.;ht that there are over '2(),()()(> ex-Union 
soldiers in Texas, but there are less than S()(» niemb<*rs of the G. A H. in 
this Department. A general apathy on the part of the soldiers is the cause 
that so few join. 


1. Sons of Veterans. Six ('anij)s. Not (juite enough to form a 
Department at last rej)ort. 

2. Woman's Relief Corjjs. Eleven v<'rv good Wonum's Kelief Corps, 
with efflcient Oflicers. 

3. 1.4ulies of the G. A. K. I think there are no Ladies of the Grand 
Army o! the Republic oriranizations in this State. 

2o8 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Homes, Number and Condition : 

1. State Homes. 2. National Home. 3. G. A. R. Homes. 4. 
Woman's Relief Corps Homes. 5. Orphans' Soldiers' Homes. 6. State 
Aid. I think one answer will cover all in this list. There are none that I 
know of, and, of course, no State Aid. 

Schools : 

1. Participation in observance of Memorial Day. In some places 
schools have and do participate, but the practice is by means general. 

2. Does **Old Glory " float over school houses? *'Old Glory" does 
float over many school houses, and the number is increasing year by year. 

3. Do Comrades hold patriotic exercises in schools ? This practice is 
limited to a very few localities, and on rare occasions. 

4. How is the History of the Civil War taught? My observation has 
not been extensive enough to warrant an expression of opinion. Text books 
1 have seen seem to lean to the Southern side. 

Public : 

1. Do the people generally observe Memorial Day? Memorial Day is 
not generally observed by the people of Texas. Some localities are an 
exception to this general rule. 

2. What is the public, moral and social, support given to the G. A. R? 
My observation leads me to think that the lari^e majority of the people of 
Texas give but little moral or social support to the Grand Army of the 
Republic. There are, of course, numerous honorable exceptions. 


'e. T. HULANISKE, A. I. G. 

1. Memorial Day is carefully and elaborately observed in this- 

2. Department Oflicers visit Posts occasionally, and condition of 
Department is fairly good. 

3. One camp Sons of Veterans at Ogden. Each Post has a Woman's 
Relief Corps. There are no Ladies of the G. A. R. 

4. Schools do not, as a rule, participate in the observance of Memorial 
Day. Each school has a flag which is ordinarily floated on holidays only. 
Comrades do not hold patriotic exercises in schools. 

5. The people generally observe Memorial Day, and the public and. 
moral support given to the G. A. R. is good. 

(>. Members of the G. A. R. in the Department, 221. 

7. Ciish expended for relief, $120.00. 

8. Cash in hands of Quartermaster, $146.34. 

Grand Army of the Republic ' 209 

9. Number of Posts, 15 . 

10. Other property owned by Posts, |i870.00. 

11. Post are partly armed and uniformed. 

12. Officers are regular in attendance. 

13. Records are well kept. 

14. Orders are read in Posts. 

S. G. Collison, A. I. G. 

Depabtmext : 

1. The Headquarters have comfortable rooms in the Lyndenville 
National Bank Block. I find the books of the Assistant Adjutant General 
and Assistant Quartermaster General well and accurately kept, a credit to 
the Department and offtcers in charge. 2. All observe Memorial Day, 
3. To a large extent. 4. No Posts report burial lots. I know some have 
them. 5. No Posts report Associate Members. I know of only two. 
6. Good. 

Auxiliary Organizations. 

1. Thirty-si .K Posts report Sons of Veterans Camps, which render aid 
on Memorifvl Day to quite an oxtont. 2. Seventy-three Posts report 
Woman's Relief Corps. 15. Two Posts report Ladies of the G. A. R., 
which are a great help to tlie I'osts. and too much cannot be said in praise 
of them. 


1. State Soldiers' Home is situated in Heniiin;^ton, is i)resided over by 
Comrade R. J. Coffey and his e>tiniable wife, and is a home, as its name 
implies, to the worn out veterans. 

Present membership 103 

Absent on furloujrh 22 

Sick in hospital 14 

Present for duty 67 

Total deaths since organization 98 

Total deaths in 1898 13 

Average age 63 years 

Number who draw pensions 86 

2. None. 3. None. 1. None. .'). None. 6. The last biennial session 
of the Legislature aj)propriate(l tlie sum of ;f*3 1,000. 

IV. 1. Nearly all. :i. Ves. 3. In some instances. 4. By 

V. 1. They do. l. Nearly all towns appropriate money for the 
Pcwts to pay Memorial Day expenses. 


210 Thirty-third National Encampment 


Richard Bond, A. I. G. 

1. The Department Headquartera is a model of systematic regularity 
and neatness. In Assistant Adjutants office presided over by Comrade 
Eaton for about twenty years, 1 find all books, papers and orders kept in a 
systematic manner, all orders properly filed and indexed, and all orders 
sent to the different Posts as soon as received. The office would be hard to 
improve on. 

The Assistant Quartermaster's books and papers, vouchers and receipts 
properly kept and filed. The different items are kept in regular order, so 
that his books will bear inspection at any time. His reports are modelp of 
conciseness. As a Quartermaster Comrade Hager is No. 1. The condition 
of the Depart^ient is very good. 

Memorial Day. 

This day is generally observed both by the Post and a portion of the 
public. 1 am glad to report that the bitter feelings engendered by our great 
strife is becoming somewhat mollified. 

Visiting Posts by Department Officers. 

The visitation ol the different Posts by Department Officers are not 
what they should be owing to various circumstances. 

How many Posts own burial lots? I do not know of any Post that 
owns a burial lot in the Department. 

How many Posts have Associate Members ? None. 

General condition of Department is good. 

Auxiliary Organization. 

There is in the Department twenty-two Woman's Kelief Corps the 
organization of which is due to the indefatigable and unceasing work ol 
Mrs. Amelia Colgan, l*ast National I. V. P., who has worked early and late 
for the advancement of the G. A. K. and its interests in the Department. 

Sons of Veterans. There are four Camps of Sons of Veterans in this 
Department. Logan Camp, of Pha?bns, Va., sent one-half of its memljers 
to the late war. 

Ltidics of the G. A. K. None. 

Soldiers' Homks. 

1. National Soldiers' Home situated in Hampton, Va. 

2. No State Home. 

, 'S. No Grand Army of the Kepublic. 

! 4. No Woman's Kelief Corps Home. 

I 5. No Orphan's Home. , 

6. No State Aid. 

Grand Army of the Republic 211 


1. Schools do not participate iu the observance of Memorial Day. 

2. The flag floats over all school houses. 

3. Ck>mrade8 do not hold patriotic services iu school houses. 

4. History of the Civil War taught at home from a Southern stand- 

The Public. 

1. The public generally observe Memorial Day. 

2. The moral and social support given to the Grand Army of the 
Republic in this Department is as good as could be expected. 


A. H. Hollister, A. I. G. 


1. The condition of the Headquarters, which are located in the State 
Capitol, are good and attractive. 2. Memorial Day is very generally 
observed throughout the Department. 3. The Department Officers visit a 
great many Posts during the year. 4. Few Posts own burial lots of their 
own. 5. There are no Associate Members of Posts. 6. The Department 
of Wi^onsin is in a healthy aud flourishing condition. 

Auxiliary Oroanizatk^xs. 

1. Sons of Veterans have an organization, but it is not very thriving. 

2. The Women's Relief Corps is a tliriving, growing, patriotic body of 
good, true and loyal women, whom we love for their many good works. 

3. The Ladies of the G. A. U. are not a very strong body in our State. 

Homes, Number and Cclvdition'. 

1. We have one of the best State Soldiers' Homes at Waupaca in the 
country, which I visited (luiiii«: ihv current year and found 'everything in a 
homelike aud comfortable condition and the inmates apparently happy, 
comfortable and contented in a wonderful degree. 2. The National 
Soldiers' Home at Milwaukee is a delightful place, well managed by a com- 
petent corps of Oflioers, whom I know personally and well, and who are in 
entire .sympathy with their anluous duties. 3. There [are no G. A. K. 
Homes. 4. No Woman's Jvelief Corps Homes. 5. Soldiers' Orphans' 
Home discontinued. H. The counties levy a tax of from five to eight mills 
on the dollar for the benelit of the Old Soldiers under certain restrictions. 
The amount of State Aid tor Wisconsin's Veterans' Home disbursed for the 
year ending 1898 was $()J),-27().!K). 

212 Thirty-third National Encampment 


1. Memorial Day is generally participated in by the schools. 2. '* Old 
Glory " by statute floats over every school house in the State. 3. Comrades 
are often asked to speak at patriotic exercises in the schools. 4. History 
of the Civil War is taught by object lessons, books, patriotic addresses^ 
song, and living Comrades. 


1. The people very generally observe Memorial Day, as so many fami- 
lies in every community have been touched by war's demands that the 
interest is intense, making the services very popular. 2. The moral, social 
and religious support ot the public is heartily given without stint and 
hindrance to the Grand Army of the Republic. 

VV. J. Alexander, A. I. G. 

Headquarters are located in the Hotel Dillet, Seattle, Wash. 

1. Condition of Headquarters. Very good. The Assistant Adjutjint 
General has complied with Regulations in every particular. The books of 
record and all papers are in perfect order. I find a complete file of Post 
reports from 76 Posts with but 2 delinquent Posts for first six mouths of 
1899. Correspondence is never neglected but answered same day aa received. 
All communications are properly filed. All General Orders are on file. 

The Assistant Adjutant General is also Assistant Quartermaster General. 

I find a systematic set of books neatly kept that are a credit to the 
G. A. R. 

All blanks and supplies in the Quartermaster General hands are in good 
shape and well cared for. 

2. Observance of Memorial Day. On May 30th, 1898, 75 per cent of 
the Posts of this Department will hold services on May 30th. As a rule 
Posts meet at their halls on this day and hold public exercises, then march 
to some place designat-ed or to Cemetery and hold public exercises and 
decorate soldier's graves. 

I know of Posts that decorate at two cemeteries requiring a march and 
counter-march of five miles each way. 

3. Visits of Department Officers. Department Commander and Asst. 
Adjutant-General make many visits, other officers but few. 

4. Burial lots. No comrade can be buried in the potters field, but 
must be buried in a lot provided by friends or county for soldiers. 

5. General condition of Department. I do not see how any could be 

Grand Army of the Republic. 213 

Aaxiliary Organizations. . 

1. Twenty-three camps of Sons of Veterans with a membership of 510, 
of which number at least 100 served in the war with Spain. 

2. Forty-six Woman's Relief Ck)rps with a membership of 1150. The 
Department has expended $600, with a cash balance of $540 on hand and 
with a general fund in hands of Corps' treasurer of $15,000. The Woman's 
Relief Corps of this Department are doing a noble w^ork in assisting and 
caring for deserving comrades and their families. 

3. Indies of the G. A. R. Number of Circles 8. Number of reports 
received 3. Number of reports not received 5. Number of lady members 
i>6. Number of comrades as members 81. The Order is in fairly good con- 
dition. The Ladies of the G. A. R. are not auxiliary to the G. A. R.|]nor 
<lo they wish to be. 

Home, Number and Couditic)n. 1. One Home, State and National 
combined. Jjocated at Orting, Washington, on 186 acres of land purchased 
for that purpose. 

The Home is situated one mile from Northern Pacific R. R., there are 
two large dormitories with accomodations for 175 veterans. At present 
there are 158 veterans bein<; careil for in a first-class manner. There is an 
appr(»priation now available to build the third large dormitory. I visited 
each room and building and found all in a neat and clean condition. 
The buildings are all well lij^hted with «*lectric lights, also each room 
(ioo<l beds, bed-clothiiijr and wearing apparel warm neat and clean. Dining 
hall. C(H>k-houses neat and clean. All food (jood^ substantial and well cooked. 
I toc)k two meals in general mess room and three meals at the Commandant's 
table. Found that all fared the same, did not .see or hear of any for 
einplaint. There is an abundance of fresh cool sprin*^ water. 

3. Kverything in and around the Hospital is in rn\«<t chuss number one 
condition. At present thirty comrades beiu;; cared for. 

•Jnd none. 3rd none. 1th non<'.. T>{\\ none. 

State Aid. 1. State aid bi-annual 5:2r>,(MM).U(). 

2. National Aid j)er year, per ca]). 5101). 1.')*^ inmates 515,SO() per 

4. The Department of Wasliin^ton and .Vlaska has good rea.Hons to be 
proud of their Soldiers Home. 


Number parti«M)ntinLr in observance of Memorial Day , l:j() 

of l*uj>iN i)aiti<ii»:itiuL: .' . -.ilJ.IJOO 

** I*«)«-ts nh>cr\ inn Memorial D.iy .'>(» 

Coiurailrs ill nttt-udance ... .... 'J, <).'»() 

W. \{. r. attending' 3u 

\V. K'. ('. luenilx'is attendinu .")()() 

('anii»>. Sous ol' \'«l«'rans at teii(liM«i . . *< 

Situs attriidiuL; lOO 

other oriiaui/.at ions ]>arti(-ipatiu;j; 2ni 

("erurtci ics I)<'corat«<l 12*< 

• » 

* » 

« • 

» • 

k • 

• • 

214 Thirty-third National Encampment 

2. Does Old Glory float over school houses ? Yes,every school day there 
floats 1976 flags. 

3. Do comrades hold patriotic exercises in schools ? Yes, Friday before 
Memorial Day the comrades entertain them with short speeches and stories 
of the War of the Rebellion. The children recite and pledge themselves 
true to the Flag and sing patriotic songs. This course we find interests the 
children and they look forward to the next meeting with pleasure. 

4. How is the History of the Civil War taught ? Hy Eggleston's History 
which we old soldiers think gives *' Rebs" too much praise and the Union 
Army not enough praise. 

Public. 1. Do the people generally observe Memorial Day? Yes, gen- 
erally each Post holds Memorial Day services. The people are generous 
with flowers and attend the services, some coming 8 to 10 miles to be present 
to pay honor to the dead heroes. 

2. What is the public moral and social support given to the Grand Army 
of the Republic ? Good ; ever ready to help and care for a worthy old soldier. 

By act of Legislature of 1888, it was made the duty of the Board of 
County Commissioners of each County to levy 3-10 of one mill as a Soldiers 
Indigent Fund for the relief of Soldiers of War 1861 to 1865. Mexican Sol- 
diers their wives and minor children, also for burial of said soldiers at a cost 
not to exceed the sum of $35.00. This law has been in force since its enact- 
ment and we hear of no complaint from tax payers against it. I think that 
if the moral support was not good the law would be repealed. One Post I 
inspected the past year spent nearly $1500 of this Relief Fund. 

Dixon R. King, A. I. G. 

1. Dep.artment Oflicers visit Posts to some extent. 

2. Memorial Day is generally observed throughout the Department. 

3. Wonians' Relief Corps in good working order. 

4. The schools in general participate in the observance of Memoral Day. 

5. The Flag floats over most of our school houses. 

6. History of the Civil War is taught in the Iree .schools of the State in 
conjunction with the general history of our country. 

7. Memorial Day is generally observed by very nearly all the people. 

8. The moral and social support by the public in this Department are 
not very good. 

9. We have no Soldier' Homes of any kind and do not receive State Aid 

Grand Army of the Republic 215 

Report of the Judge Advocate-General. 

Office of the Judge Advocate General, 

Minneapolis, Minn., August 5th, 1899. 
Thos. J. Stewart, 

Adjutant General ^ G. A. R. 

Dear Comrade : 

I herewith submit my report as Judge Advocate General for 
the current year. The duties of my office have been more than 
usually arduous including the preparation of a supplement to the 
Blue Book containing the amendments to the Rules and Regula- 
lations adopted at the 30th, 31st and 32nd National Encampments, 
and a digest of the decisions covering the respective administra- 
tions of Commanders-in-Chief, Walker, Clarkson and Gobin. 

For the first time in the history of our Order the Commander- 
in-Chief died while in office, and by reason thereof perplexing 
questions of important import were presented to me for solution, 
and their careful consideratio.i led me to the only conclusion I 
could conscientiously reach without resorting to what is known as 
"judicial legislation." 

If it is deemed advisable that the Vice-Commanders should 
succeed in order of seniority to tlie office of Commander-in-Chief, 
the Rules and Regulations can easily be amended, and apt words 
used declaring that they shall so succeed in the event of his death, 
resignation or removal. 

To you, my dear Comrade, and to the Acting Commander-in- 
Chief, I am grateful for the many evidences of your confidence 
and fraternal regard, and I shall always remember my associa- 
tion with you in official life with mingled feelings of sadness and 
pleasure. The death of our late Commander-in-Chief, James A. 
Sexton is a continuing sorrow. His courage, gentleness and 
great heartedness made him a universal favorite and greatly 
esteemed and beloved bv all who knew him. 

2i6 Thirty-third National Encampment 

In his death our Order has lost one of its foremost and 
most valued members, and has suffered a bereavement unusually sad 
and painful. To his friends his day of usefulness gave no sign of 
the evening shadows, but suddenly ** God's finger touched him 
and he slept.*' 

Fraternally yours, 

Judge Advocate General, 

CASE No. I. 

The paiuer to restore to the rank of Past Department Comtitandtr rests with 
the National Encampment^ but this power should not be exercised in cases where 
the^rank has been forfeited by the voluntary act of the Comrade. 


George T. Hodges, a member of Joseph A. Mower Post No. i, Depart- 
ment of Louisiana and Mississippi, was elected Department Commander of said 
Department in March, 1890, and re-elected in 1891, serving his full term of two 
years as Department Commander. In 1892 he took a transfer card, but 
failed to join another Post within the life of said card. In February, 1897, he 
rejoined said Post, and is now a member in good standing therein. From 1892 
until 1897 he held a government position, moving from place to place, which 
is the reason assigned for not joining any Post. His application for reinstate- 
ment came before the Thirty-second National Encampment and was favorably 
reported by the Committee on Resolutions, provided that upon examination by 
the Judge Advocate General, the application should be found to conform to 
the Rules and Regulations. The following is the report of said committee ; 

*' That the papers appear to be in accordance with the Rules and Regula- 
tions, and your committee recommend that if it should be so reported up>on 
examination by the Judge Advocate General, then the Commander-in-Chief is 
empowered to grant the prayer of this petition." 


I find nothing in the Rules and Regulations bearing on the subject, but at 
the Seventeenth National Encampment a resolution was adopted, providing 
the manner of procedure in cases of this character. 

Said resolution expressly declared that applications for reinstatement 
should never be granted if cessation of membership was caused by the volun- 
tary act of the Comrade. 

In this case Comrade Hodges took a transfer card from his Post in 1892, 
but failed to join another Post within a year. 

In 1897 he rejoined the Post issuing the transfer card, his excuse being that 
he held a government position during these years and was traveling from place 
to place. 

Grand Army of the Republic 217 

Since the adoption of the resolution at the Denver Encampment the prac- 
tice and policy has been, so far as I can ascertain, to restore no one to their lost 
honors, except in cases where the Department had disbanded and the rank was 
lost without the fault of the Comrade. It is within the power of the National 
Encampment to reinstate or not, but if the Denver resolution is still in force, as 
I believe it to be, Comrade Hodges is not entitled to i)e restored his lost rank, for 
the reason that his honors were lost by his voluntary act. 

CASE No. 2. 

Subject to the approrval of the Department Commander^ and upon thirty 
days notice to alt its members^ the location of a Post may be chan^^ed by a two- 
thirds vote of its members present at a meeting called for that purpose. 


This case arises in the form of a request from the Assistant Adjutant 

General of the Department of Tennessee, as to the right of a Post to change 

its location. 


Prior to 1891 no such right existed, but the Twenty-fifth National Encamp- 
ment amended Section 3, Article i, Chapter 2, of the Rules and Regulations, 
by adding " Any Post may change its location by a two-thirdi vote of the 
members present, at a stated or special meeting, called for the purpose, of 
which meeting and proposed action at least thirty days notice has been given 
to all its members, and provided such change be ai)proved by the Department 

It had been held prior to the adoption of this amendment, that the 

Commander-in-Chief could not grant a •* Roving Charter," neither had he the 

power to auhorize a Post to change its location from one town to another. The 

location named in the charter was regarded as th fixture^ until relief was afforded 

by action of the National Encampment. This relief is found in the foregoing 

amendment and its provisions are too plain and explicit to require further 


CASE No. 3. 


The death of the Commatidcr-in-Chief i rcdtt-s a I'iidincy in that office. 

No succes'^ion to Siiid offnc (irisf< l>v virtue if Section j, Article 6, Chapter 4.^ 
Rules and Regulation^. 

H^hile said vai ant y roufinues the I 'ire Commanders in-Chief perform the 
duties of the office acconlin^'- to setiit>rity. 

The National Council of Administration has the poiocr to fill vacancies 
occurring in elective of ices. 

The Executive Committee nf the Niti<>niil Council has, by virtue of the 
authority conferred upon it ^ poicer to fill a -va.ancy in the office of Commander- 

Members of the National Count 1/ of Administration cannot vote by proxy. 

2i8 Thirty-third National Encampment 


Comrade James A. Sexton was duly elected and installed Commander-in- 
Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic at the Thirty-second National 
Encampment of said organization, held at Cincinnati, Ohio, September 8th and 
9th, 1898, and immediately thereafter entered upon and continued in the dis- 
charge of the duties of his office until his death, February 5th, 1899. 

At the same time and place Comrade W. C. Johnson, of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
was elected Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, and Comrade Daniel Ross, of 
Wilmington, Delaware, was elected Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief, and 
were serving as such at the time of the death of Comrade Sexton. Upon 
notice of the death of the Commander-in-Chief, the Senior Vice Commander- 
in-Chief assumed command of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

On February 8ih, 1899, * meeting of the Executive Committee of the 
National Council of Administration was held at Chicago, 111., at which the 
Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief presided, and a motion adopted to the effect, 
that, *' as there was no well defined precedent and there seemed to be different 
opinions in the minds of the members of the committee as to the correct plan 
of procedure 10 fill the vacancy in the office of the Commander-in-Chief, the 
Senior Vice Commander be directed to lay the matter before the Judge Advocate 
General for his opinion and decision in the case." Upon the foregoing facts 
the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief submits for consideration and decision the 
following questions : 

First. Did the death of Comrade Sexton create a vacancy in the office 
of Commander-in-Chief, and if so, does a succession to that office 
exist by virtue of Section 2, Article 6, Chapter 4, Rules and Reg- 

Second. If there is no succession, is there any authority for filling 
the office of Commander-in-Chief for the remainder of the term. 

Third. If a vacancy exists, has the Executive Committee of the 
National Council of Administration power to act for the entire 
Council in filling the office of Commander-in-Chief under the 
authority given it ? 

Fourth. Can absent members of either the Executive Committee or 
of the National Council of Administration vote by proxy ? 


The National officers of the Grand Army of the Republic are composed ot 
two classes — elective and appointive. To the former class belong the 
Commander-in-Chief and the Vice Commanders-in-Chief, who hold their 
respective offices "until their successors are duly installed." Non-elective 
officers are appointed and removed at the pleasure of the Commander-in-Chief. 
Vacancies occurring during the year shall be filled by the Council of Admin- 
istration. (Section 3, Article 5, Chapter 4, Rules and Regulations). This 

Grand Army of the Republic 219 

Section applies to elective officers only, and includes the Commander-in-Chief 
unless a succession to that office exists by virtue of Section 2, Article 6, 
Chapter 4, which defines the duties of the Vice Commanders-in-Chief to be, 
" to assist the Commander-in-Chief by counsel and otherwise, and in his 
absence br disability fill his office according to seniority." This, I think, must 
be construed as requiring these officers respectively to perform the duties of 
their superior officer during his absence or inability for any cause to act. The 
occasions necessitating the performance of such duties arise and cease and are 
often repeated, but they do not in any manner change the relation of the several 
officers to each other, nor create a vacancy or result in the promotion of the 
subordinate officer. A vacancy within the meaning of the Rules and Regula- 
tions can only arise from death, resignation or removal from office, and when it 
occurs in the office of the Commander-in-Chief, it devolves upon the Senior 
Vice Commander-in-Chief to perform the duties of that office until the 
vacancy is filled, but he does so by virtue of his office as Senior Vice 
Commander-in-Chief, to which office alone he has been elected and installed. 
If it had been the intention to promote Vice Commanders, apt words should 
have been used, declaring that they should succeed in order to the office of 
Commander, in the event of his death, resignation or removal. 

This has not been done, and the duties of Vice Commanders, Jso far as they 
relate to the exercise of the rights and powers of the Commander-in-Chief have 
been limited to the time covered by his absence or disability. The presence of 
the Commander-in-Chief, or the removal of his disability at once terminates 
the authority of the Vice Commanders to perform any act or exercise any right 
appertaining to the office. 

** Vacancy " imports more than absence or disability^ and does not come 
within the provisions of Section 2, wliich presupposes an incumbent, who, for 
the time being, is unable to perform the duties of the office. 

While the word •Mill" as applied to an office means ** to possess and 
discharge the duties of an office" it is also true that an office cannot be 
" filled " that is held and enjoyed by two persons at the same time, and while 
during t^e absence or disability of the Commander-in-Chief, the Vice Com- 
manders *' fill his office," they <!) not succeed to or oust the Commander-in- 
Chief from his office, but simply for the time l)eing perform the duties of the 
office, which duties by reason of their acceptance of their respective offices they 
arc required *to discharge. This seems to be the only reasonable construction 
to place upon the words " till his oftlce," and they certainly should not have any 
enlarged meaning when applied 10 a case of vacancy. An examination of our 
fundamental law seems to negative the idea that death promotes any one in the 
Grand Army of the Republic, or that any one shall hold and enjoy an elective 
office by succession. 

I am, therefore, of the oj)inion that the death of Comrade Sexton created a 
vacancy in the office of Commander-in-Chief, and that no succession to said 
office exists by virtue of Section 2, Article 6, above cited. 

220 Thirty -third National Encampment 

The question then arises by whom and in what manner shall the vacancy be 
filled ? Section 9, Article 6, Chapter 4, Rules and Regulations, defines the 
duties of the Council of Administration and provides, among other things, that 
it *' shall represent in all matters the National Encampment in the interval 
between its sessions." Language could not well be framed to make the power 
more plenary. Whatever the National Encampment could do, the Council 
acting in its behalf, can do. This body is eminently representative, being 
composed of the National officers proper, and one Comrade from each of the 
various Departments, all standing on an equality with an equal voice in all 
matters determined by ballot. The Commander-in-Chief can appoint and 
remove non-elective officers at his pleasure, but he has no authority to fill a 
vacancy occurring in the Council of Administration, this power being lodged 
exclusively with the Council, Decisions Nos. 22 and 25, Page 186, Blue Book* 


The Council having the right to fill all vacancies, the question next 
presented is, — 

" Can the Executive Committee act for the entire Council in filling the 
existing vacancy caused by the death of the Commander-in-Chief? ** 

At the Eleventh National Encampment, held at Providence, R. I., in June, 
1877, Adjutant General Beath embodied the following recommendation in his 
report : 

** Council of Administration." 

" The requirement for a meeting of the National Council has always 
been a dead letter. The great expense involved in bringing the 
Council together has been the main obstacle, yet there are occa- 
sions when a meeting for consultation would be a decided advan- 
tage. Cannot a plan be adopted by this Encampment authorizing 
an Executive Committee of, say the five members nearest head- 
quarters in connection with the officers, to act for the Council?" 

The Committee on Rules, Regulation and Ritual, through its Chairman, 
Comrade Wagner, made the following recommendation, namely : — 

** Upon the subject of an Executive Committee as recommended in 
the report of the Adjutant General, your Committee would report 
that they deem it inadvisable to increase our machinery by such 
an addition, selected by the chance of locality; but^they recom- 
mend that ihe Council of Administration meet for organization 
immediately after the adjournment of the National Encampment, 
and that they then shall appoint a smaller committee of their own 
members with power to represent them during the time the Council 
of Administration is not in session." 

This recommendation was adopted by the Encampment and since that time* 
so far as I can ascirtain, the Executive Committee has represented in all 
m liters the National Encampment, in the interval between its sessions, except 
when the Council of Administration was ip session. This Committee has 

Grand Army of the Republic 221 

repeatedly filled vacancies occurring in the Council, and in 1891 elected 
Comrade Innis, Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief to fill a vacancy caused by 
the death of Comrade Richard F. Tobin, of Massachusetts. 

The Committee's action in declaring the office of the Senior Vice 
Commander-in-Chief vacant, and in filling the vacancy by the election of 
Comrade Innis, was submitted to Judge Advocate General Lochren, who held 
that the Executive Committee ** during the interim " could properly exercise all 
the powers of the National Council of Administration. This opinion was 
adopted by Commander-in-Chief Veazey as his decision, all of which was duly 
approved by the Twenty-fifth National Encampment. 

Furthermore, the proceedings of the various National Encampments show 
that the Executive Committee has kept full and detailed minutes of its transac- 
tions, the same being embodied in the annual reports required to be made by the 
National Council of Administration to the National Encampment, and that the 
action of said Executive Committee in filling vacancies in the membership of 
the Council has uniformly been approved by the National Encampment. 

Following the path thus well defined by custom and enlightened by 
eminent authority, I am of the opinion that the Executive Committee has power 
to fill the vacancy now existing in the office ol the Commander-in-Chitf. But 
one farther question remains to be considered, namely : ** Can an absent 
member of either the Executive Committee or of the National Council of 
Administration vote by proxy ? 

This I answer in tlie negative. The Rules and Regulations do not 
authorize the delegation of official duties. Decision 3, Page 165, Blue 
Book, 1895. 

CASE No. 4. 


l/^on the death of the Commatider-iji-Chief, the Senior Vice Commander-in- 
Chief is authorized to assume command and to discharge the duties of that office 
until the vacancy is filled^ as prirjided by the Rules and Regulations. 


In addition to the questions suhmilted for my decision and covered by my 
opinion of February lyih, 1S99, the Senior Vice Commandei-in-Chief submits 
the following additional (juc^tions for consideration and dtcision, 

Namely : — 

•* A vacancy havinj^ occurred in the position of Commander-in-Chief, docs 
the Senior Vice Commander assume and discharge the duties of the Commander- 
in-Chief, and will his aclion as actinj^ Commander-in-Chief have full force and 

Who has authority to call or order meetings of the Executive Committee of 
the Council of Administration ? 

222 Thirty-third National Encampment 


While the Rules and Regulations do not expressly prescribe or define the 
powers and duties of the Vice Commanders in the event of a vacancy in the 
office of Commander-in-Chief, nevertheless, from the necessities of the case, and 
in view of the fact that in his absence or disability they are to fill his office 
according to seniority, leads me to conclude that when the office becomes 
vacant their powers and duties are of equal dignity, responsibility and obligation 
as during the absence or disability of the Commander-in-Chief. Some period 
of time must of necessity elapse between the death of the Commander and the 
election of his successor. During that interval the Vice Commanders, according 
to seniority, have the right, for the time being, to represent the organization as 
its official head. It therefore follows that the Senior Vice Commander, upon 
the death of the Commander-in-Chief, is authorized to assume command and 
call or order meetings of the Executive Committee of the Council of Adminis- 
tration and to ** fill the office '* of Commander-in-Chief until such time as the 
power upon whom the duty of electing a successor is devolved, can regu- 
larly act. 

CASE No. 5. 


r^f Rules and Regulations do not authorize Posts to form Auxiliary Asso- 
ciations composed 0/ persons not eligible to membership in the Grand Army of the 

Membership in the Grand Army of the Republic is restricted to a single 
class ^ and to the exclusion of all others ^ such as Honorary ^ Associate and Con- 
tributing members. 


The following question from the Commander of the Department of Mis- 
souri has been submitted for my consideration and opinion, viz.: 

Is it legal or permissible under the Rules and Regulations to form Auxil- 
iary Associations composed of reputable citizens, not eligible to membership 
in the G. A. R., who, upon application, may become associate or contributing 
members of Posts, said members to be accorded all the privileges of the Post 
room, except that they shall not be present at any muster, nor have a vote, 
wear a G. A. R. badge or uniform, nor hold any meetings as an organization, 
or be governed by any special by-laws, but shall be entitled to receive 
notices of camp fires, entertainments and open meetings held by the Post of 
which they may be associated as contributing members. 


Eligibility to membership in the Grand Army of the Republic must in 
ev«^ry case conform to the requirements of Article 4, Chapter i, Rules and 
Regulations. This Article is the only door of entrance into our Order, and 
its sentinels have always guarded it witli the utmost vigilance. 

Grand Army of the Republic 223 

As early as 1879 an attempt was made, prompted by a spirit of gal- 
lantry, to create a new class, by conferring *' honorary membership" upon a 
patriotic woman who had rendered the government signal service as a bearer 
of dispatches and in procuring impDrtant information within the rebel lines — 
barely escaping execution as a spy, — but it was held that she was ineligible, 
no such membership being known to the Order, Opinion 104, page 55, • 
Blue Book, 1895. 

In 1884 Wagner Post No. 31, Department of Missouri, desiring a closer 
Coach of elbows with their son$, asked that the Rules and Regulations be 
amended so as to make the Sons of Veterans eligible to honorary membership, 
but the Committee on Rules and Regulations reported adversely and its report 
was adopted by the Eighteenth National Encampment. See Journal of Pro- 
ceedings, page 227. 

In 1888 the question was again presented and Commander-in-Chief Rea, 
decided that there was no such thin^r as honorary membership in the Grand 
Army of the Republic. Blue Book, 1895, Page 23. 

In 1892 Phil Sheridan Post No. 4, Department of Idaho, asked the 
approval by the Commander-in-Chief of a by-law providing for ** Associate 
membership." The by-law was disapproved on the ground that " Associate 
membership" was but another name for "honorary membership," and not 
allowable. Decision 14, page 63, Blue Book, 1895. 

The foregoing decisions cover, so far as I have been able to discover, all 
the deliverances of the National authorities on the subject, and if patriotic 
women and Sons of Veterans are ineligible to honorary or associate member- 
ship, it might with propriety be asked, whence cometh the " reputable citizen ?" 
A late ruling by the Department of Illinois is of interest in this connection, and 
for the purpose of showing the imi)C)rtance of carefully prescribing the terms 
and conditions upon which such members should be admitted, if at all, I quote 
in full the by-laws of George H. Thomas Post No. 5, Department of Illinois, 
as amended January 22d, 1897. 

Section XII. — Citizens' Corps of Post No. 5. 

Paragraph I. — There shall he an association of gentlemen, not exceeding 
200 in number, known as the Citi/ens' Corps of George II. Thomas Post No. 5, 
Department of Illinois, Grand Army of the Republic. 

Paragraph 2. — The objects to be accomplished by this association are as 
follows : 

I. To promote aiuon^ our fellow-citizens a feeling of respect and con- 
sideration for soldiers and sailors who served in the war for the preservation of 
the Union. 2. To systematize the elTorts of citizens who desire to identify 
themselves with the objects of the Grand Army of the Republic, and to aid in 
its beneficent work. 3. r<; stimulate patriotism and a grateful remembrance of 
the blessings secured to the nation by the happy termination of the War o( the 

224 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Paragraph 3. — Any gentleman of good standing, of at least 21 years of 
age, who has never borne arms against the United States Government, shall 
be eligible to membership in the Citizens' Corps of Geinge H. Thomas Post, 
No. 5, Department of Illinois, Grand Army of the Republic. 

Paragraph 4. — Every application for membership shall be in writing, and 
shall give the applicant's name, residence and occupation. Such application 
shall be presented at a regular meeting, and be recommended by a member of 
the Post, who shall vouch for the applicant's eligibility. It shall then be 
referred to a committee of three members of the Post (of which the Comrade 
recommending shall not be one) for investigation and report. The committee, 
after careful examination of the eligibility of the candidate, shall make a 
written report to the Post, which shall be presented at a regular meeting. 

Paragraph 5. — If the application oi a candidate be reported on favorably, 
a ballot shall be taken with ball ballots by members of the Post at a regular 
meeting. If at least nine-tenths of the balls cast are whhe, the candidate 
shall be declared elected. If a candidate be rejected the amount oi his admis- 
sion shall be returned to him. 

Paragraph 6. — The yearly dues of members of the Citizens' Corps shall be 
ten dollars, payable in advance, and a proposition fee of fifteen dollars shall 
accompany each application for membership, to be returned to the applicant in 
case of rejection. They shall have no vote, whatever, in Grand Army matters 
nor shall they be present at, or take part in the proceedings of the Post. 

Paragraph 7. — The revenue derivable from the members of the Citizens 
Corps of George H. Thomas Post, No. 5, to be applied to the Post fund. 

An appeal was taken on the ground that said amendments were in conflict 
with the Rules and Regulations, which appeal was sustained by the Department 
Commander ard afterwards duly approved by the Thirty-first Encampment, 
Department of Illinois. 

If it will promote the welfare of our Order to provide for honorary, asso- 
ciate or contributing members, as some of the Posts seem to think, it is of suf- 
ficient importance to demand the careful consideration and wise action of the 
National Encampment, but until that is done and provision made for an addi- 
tional class of membership, Posts have no authority to form auxiliary associ- 
ations composed of persons not eligible to membership in the Grand Army 

of the Republic. 

CASE No. 6. 


An application for a Charter is sufficient if signed by ten persons eligible 
fo membarshtp in the Grand Army of the Republic^ notwitlntanding the 
names of other persons not eligible appear thereon. 

A comrade cannot join a second Post until absolved from the duties rest' 
ing upon him to the first. 

A dr opted member cannot join a nnv Post as a charter member, 

7 he Post reinstating dropped members must pay to the former Post one 
yearns dues for each member reinstated. 

Grand Army of the Republic 225 


Charles H. Graves Post, No. 139, Department of Wisconsin, was organ- 
ized February it, 1898, with 36 charter members ; of this number, one was a 
member of Ed. Saxe Post, two were members of John H. Williams Post, No, 
4, Department of Wisconsin, and nine were dropped members of said Williams 
Post, none of whom had been reinstated or paid the required dues; IsUer on 
two more dropped members of the last named Post were mustered in as members 
of Charles H. Graves Post, without payment of dues. 

Williams and Graves Posts are both located at Berlin, Wis., and the 
former complains of the manner in which the latter Post was organized, and 
requests a decision as to the legality of the charter of the Graves Post and its 
right to muster said dropped members without payment of the necessary rein- 
statement fees, and to admit to its membership comrades who were still members 
of other Posts. 


1. An application for a Charter signed by 10 persons eligible to member- 
ship, is sufficient to authorize a Department Commander to organize a Post, and 
as objection is made to the qualification of but 12 of the 36 Charter members, 
it follows, that the Department Commander was justified in granting a Charter 
to Charles H. Graves Post. 

2. The admission of the Comrades who were members of other Posts was 
illegal, and their names should be stricken from the Charter and roll of 
membership of Charles H. Graves Post. A Comrade cannot hold membership 
in two Posts at the same time, and until ab-^olved from the duties resting upon 
him to the first, lie cannot join a second Post. 

3. A dropped member cannot join a new Post as an initiate. Having 
ceased to be a member of the Order through his own fault and failure to 
meet the obligations assumed by him, he can only regain membership by 
reinstatement. While a dropped member is, not to be classed with dishonor- 
ably discharged members, nevertheless, he has in a sense been dismissed 
from the Order for neglect of duty, and can only be restored to fellowship 
by puiging himself and making restitution in the manner ])rovided by the 
Rules and Regulations. 

To permit dropped members to organize a new Post and escape paying 
their just dues, would fall not far short of conduct prejudicial to good order 
and discipline, and 1 am therefore of the opinion that the names of the nine 
dropped members of Williams Post who participated in the organization of 
Charles H. Graves Post should be stricken from the Charter and roll of 
membership of said Post. 

4. With regard to the two dropped members of Williams Post who were 
admitted to membership in the CJraves Post, subsequent to its organization, I 
am of the opinion that said last named Post should pay to the former Post one 
year's dues for eacli of said dropped members, amounting in all to J»4.oo. 


226 Thirty-third National Encampment 

CASE No. 7. 


Poit By- Laws y not in conflict with the Rules and Regulations ^ which 
prescribe and define the manner of nominating and electing officers^ preclude 
the use of other methods of election^ if objection is seasonably made. 


This appeal involves the construction of certain By-laws adopted by 
Lincoln Post, No. 3, Department of the Potomac, relating to the election of its 
officers and approved by the Department Commander in 1892. 

Article 4 of said By-laws, provides, among other things, that the names 
of Post officers. Representatives and Alternates, placed in nomination (said 
nominations to be made at a previous meeting) shall be printed upon separate 
tickets in the order in which they are nominated ; the first for the officers of the 
Post, the second for Representatives and the third for Alternates ; and the Post 
shall by vote determine how many of thesff tickets shall be printed. 

Names of candidates for any office or for Representatives not voted for, 
must be erased from the ticket before depositing the ballot. No person shall 
be permitted to vote who is reported by the Tellers not to be in good stand- 
ing, and no comrade shall be appointed Teller who is a candidate, or who 
has been nominated for an office in the Post or for a Representative or 
Alternate. Provision is made for three ballot boxes, distinctly marked, one 
for the elective officers of the Post, one for Representatives, and one for 
Alternates to the Department Encampment, each box to be in charge of two 
Tellers, appointed by the Commander. A ballot containing more names for 
any office or for Representatives or for Alternates than the Post is entitled to, shall 
not be counted. The Post was entitled to seventeen Representatives in the 
Thirty-first Annual Encampment of the Department of the Potomac, and thirty- 
one comrades were duly nominated for said offices, and their names printed 
in the order of their nomination on a ballot as provided by the By-laws 
above stated. 

At the first stated meeting in December, 1898, the election was held and 
two tickets voted, one containing the names of the thirty-one comrades 
nominated as aforesaid and the other containing seventeen names taken from 
said list, but not in the order of their nomination. All the persons named on 
this last ticket were elected and among the defeated comrades was Comrade 
Bresnehen^ whose name stood second on the "official ticket," and who com- 
plains that the election was illegal, and that by the device of the ** short 
ticket" he and other comrades were deprived of their just rights. An appeal 
was prosecuted by him to the Department Commander, who, acting upon the 
advice of his Judge Advocate, held that ihe By-laws did not restrict the 
comrades to the use of any particular form or style of ticket. 

The Department Encampment approved this decision and Comrade 
Bresnehen now submits his appeal to the Commander-in-Chief. 

Grand Army of the Republic 227 


From an examination of the By-laws quoted, it is evident that Lincoln 
Post desired to surround the election of its officers with every safeguard, and 
not only make such elections eminently fair, but reasonably satisfactory to 
those who might be defeated in their aspiration for preferment, and I think 
it was a violation of both their spirit and letter to use the " short ticket.'* It 
was in effect selecting the names of seventeen comrades as an opposition 
ticket to the rest of the comrades placed in nomination by the Post whose 
names appeared only on the regular or official ticket. 

The purpose of the By-laws was to prevent just such a condition of 
affairs as is here presented, and as long as they remain in force they are binding 
and should be respected. Members of a Post are in no position to Coinplain of 
reasonable, proper and orderly restrictions relating to the manner of conducting 
Post elections which they have voluntarily imposed upon themselves. 

It is urged by Respondent that the By-laws are in conflict with the Rules 
and Regulations in this, that they limit eligibility to office as defined by Section 
2, Article 6, Chapter 2, which provides, that, 

" All members of the Post in good standing shall be eligible to any 
office in the Post.'* 

In my opinion it will not bear such a construction. It does not effect the 
question of eligibility at all. It relates to nominations, not eligibility, and under 
its provisions every comrade in the Post may be placed in nomination for any 
office. The oaly limitalioii is as to the titm and manner in which nominations 
mav be made. 

Section 2, Article 7, of the same Chapter, recognizing that all eligible 
comrades cannot be elected to office at the same time and for the purpose of 
facilitating elections, provides that, 

** If there is no election on the first two ballots, the name of the 
comrade receiving the lowest number of votes shall be dropped, and 
so on in successive ballots, until an election is made." 

It might with greater force be argued that these two provisions are in con- 
flict with each other, and that the last section limits '' eligibility to office," but 
it simply emphasizes the old-time truth, *' many ure called and few chosen." 

Another objection Ufi^c I is, that the latter clause of the section last quoted, 

"That by the passaj^e of a resolution before ballotinj^, so ordering, 
R-^presentatives and Alternates may be voted for on the same ticket." 

and it is claimed that this cannot be done under the By-law>., as the so-called 
** official" tickets are required to be printed separately for Representatives and 
Alternates. To this I answer that no po-.sible contlict could arise until such a 
resolution was passed, and the Tost having adopted a iiy-law on the subject, it 
would, until repealed, have the force and effect of a resolution that the Post 

228 Thirty-third National Encampment 

would not avail itself of the privilege of placing the names of Representatives 
and Alternates on the same ticket. 

The opinion of Judge Advocate General Taintor, Page 128, Blue Book, is 
cited as authority for the right to vote for new candidates at any stage of the 
ballot, but an examin ition of the facts show that " no nominations were neces- 
sary or provided for in the order of business '* in that particular case. 

A decision of Commander-in-Chief Rea, Page 129, Blue Book, sustained 
the action of a Post in passing a resolution ordering, 

** That all nominations for officers should be made before any 
ballots were taken, and that after nominations were closed, ballots cast 
for officers not previously nominated should not be counted." 

It seems clear, therefore, that the By-laws in question, while perhaps unnec- 
essarily cumbersome, cannot be successfully assailed on the ground that they are 
in conflict with the Rules and Regulations. 

So far, however, as this appeal is concerned, it cannot be sustained, for the 
reason that there is nothing in the record to show that any objection was made 
to the use of the " short ticket " or any exception taken at the time to any ballot 
cast at the election. 

No evidence is submitted showing how many ** short tickets '* were voted, 
whether one or fifty, and the Representatives having been elected without sea- 
sonable objection or exception taken on the part of appellant, it is now too late 
{O question the legality of their election. 

As appellant desires a construction of the By-laws for the future guidance 
of the Post, I have deemed it proper to give my opinion thereon. 

CASE No. 8. 


In couri-marUal proceedings where service is made upon the accused by 

registered maily he is entitled to not less than ten days' notice of the time and 

place of trial. 


A general court-martial was appointed by the Commander of the Depart- 
ment of Arkansas to try the Past Assistant Adjutant General of said Department 
on certain charges and specifications preferred against him. The court met on 
the 7th day of February, 1899, and the accused failing lo appear in person or 
by attorney, the members of the court were duly obligated and a plea of 
** not guilty '* entered in his behalf. At this point it was ascertained that the 
accused had not been legally notified of the proceedings against him, and to 
enable the Judge Advocate to give such notice, the court adjourned to the 28th 
of February, 1899. The record shows that notice was sent to the accused by 
registered mail on the illh day of February, 1899, and was received by him on 
the 2ist day of the same month. It nowhere appears that the accused could 
not be found or personal service made upon him; neither does it appear that. 

Grand Army of the Republic 229 

the accused lived in a county other than the one where the trial was held, nor 
that the Judge Advocate filed any certificate with the court, showing how service 
was made. The oourt re- convened February 28th, 1899, and the accused not 
appearing in person or by attorney, proceeded to hear the evidence and found 
the accused guilty of each specification and charge, and sentenced him to be 
dishonorably discharged from the Grand Army of the Republic. 


While upon the evidence there are serious difficulties in the way of confirm- 
iag the findings and sentence of the court-martial, upon at least one of the 
charges and specifications, the proceedings in my opinion, will have to be disap- 
proved, for the reason that the accused did not have due notice of trial. The 
Rules of procedure for courts-martial provide that the Ju>ige Advocate shall 
give the accused at least ten day's notice of the time and place at which the 
court will sit for his trial, etc. The service should be personal, if the accused 
can be found within the jurisdiction of the court. If he cannot be found 
service may be made by mailing or by leaving a copy at his usual or last-known 
place of residence, and the Judge Advocate may also, " in case the accused 
lives in a county other than the one where the trial is to be held, cause service to 
he made by registered mail, directed to the last-known Post-office address of the 
accused." The Judge Advocate's certificate thereof should be filled with the 
court-martial proceedings, and " proper record should be made of notice 
served upon the accused in accordance with the preceding section," Rules of 
Procedure, page 288, Blue Hook, 1895. 

It does not appear from the record submitted to me that the foregoing 
requirements were complied with, and where there has been no personal service 
upon, or appearance by the accu'^ed, or a waiver of his rights, the action of the 
court should be closely scanned by the reviewing officer, so that no j)ossible 
injustice may be done. Subsliluled or constructive service is a departure from 
the common law, and the manner prescri'ned for making such service should be 
closely followed, and the return show a strict compliance with said requirements. 
Service of mesne proc;;ss may 1)^ ma ie by mail, but is used almost entirely in 
le^al proceedings, to supplement service by publication. Its use for original 
purposes is a still further departure fr»)m the common law. 

In case of personal service the accused is entitled to at least ten days 
notice of trial, and I am unwillinL; to hold, and do not think it was intended by 
the Amendment of 1S95, to shorten the period in cases where the service is 
constructive or made by registered mail, and a> it affirmatively appeals that the 
notice was not r<r<^/;'(r./ 1). tlut accused until seven days j)rior to the adj )urned 
meeli ig of the court, I am '>f the opinion that it was insufiicient and that the 
court was without jurisdiction or authority to proceeil with the trial of the case. 

CASK No. 9. 


The unauthoriztJ artion of a I\'s( in ;^ratttiu^ ii Comrat/e' s Vique^t for 
an hjnorab.'e tHsch ir^j, :,•/:/ n.>t [revsnt !he -^ran'tn.^ of a valid discharge at a 

230 Thirty-third National Encampment 

subsequent meeting of said Post^ provided the Comrade continues in good stand* 
ing and does not withdraw his application. 

Appeal of Stephen E. Root, Post No. 22, Department of New Hampshire^ 
from a decision of the Department Commander of the Department of New 

The facts sufficiently appear in the following opinion : 


Comrade Oliver W, Hussey, of Sampson Post No. 22, Department of New 
Hampshire, applied for an honorable discharge from the Grand Army of the 
Republic, at a regular meeting of said Post held on the 5th day of January, 
1890, and by a vote of the Post '* his request was granted ; " at a subsequent 
meeting of said Post held on the 19th day of January, 1890, his application 
was granted and a discharge issued to and accepted by him. The only question- 
presented by this appeal is as to the validity of said discharge. The action of 
the Post was without authority and of no effect, but it did not prevent the proper 
officers of the Post from granting the applicant a valid discharge at a subse- 
quent meeting of the Post, provided the Comrade continued in good standing 
and did not withdraw his application. The fact that he accepted his discharge 
and some six years thereafter made an application for re-admission to member- 
ship in the Post and was rejected, should at this late day estop him or any one 
in his behalf, from raising any question as to the validity of his discharge. 

The Rules and Regulations should be construed vith a view of promoting 
justice and not strife. The appeal should be dismissed. 

CASE No. 10. 


Within its precinct or charter limitations^ a Post can change its Post-room 
or place of meeting at its pleasure or convenience. 

To make such a change from one municipality to another^ it is necessary to 
proceed under Section 3, Article /, Chapter 2^ Rules and Regulations, 

The following question has been submitted by the Judge Advocate of the 
Department of Iowa, viz.: ** Was the amendment to Section 3, Article i,^ 
Chapter 2, Rules and Regulations, intended to prevent an arbitrary change of 
Post-rooms within the precinct, as well as to permit the change of location of a 
Post from one town to another ? ** 


In our Order there are three kinds of organizations, viz.; Precinct, State 
and National. To the first belongs the Post, which must be located within a 
municipal or territorial district less than a State. This the charter is supposed 
to do, but unless it •' Expressly requires the Post to exercise its powers in a 
particular section of the town, its meetings may be held at any point therein. 
Opinion 29, P.^gc 103, Journal 21st Encampment. At the Encampment next 
following, it was determined that the Rules and Regulations did not provide for 

Grand Army of the Republic 231 

changing (he location of a Post from one town to another. Opinion 5, Page 
95> Journal 22d National Encampment. 

Judge Veazey, in a carefully considered opinion, said that it would be well 
if such right did exist, as it might often become a matter of convenience and 
advantage for the Post to change its location, but as such power was not ex- 
pressly conferred by the Rules and Regulations, relief could only be afforded by 
action of the National Encampment. 

Thereafter, and at the Twenty-fifth Encampment, Section 3 was amended 
by adding the following : ** Any Post may change its location by a two-thirds 
▼ote of the members present at a stated or special meeting called for the purpose 
of which meeting and proposed action at least thirty days notice has been given 
to all its members, and provided such change be approved by the Department 

Prior to the adoption of this amendment, a Post had the right, at its pleas- 
ure, to change its Post-room or ** local habitation" from one place to another in 
the same city, town or village, and I do not think the purpose of the amendment 
was to place general restrictions on this right, but to enlarge and extend the same, 
so that not only the p/are of meeting, but the /oca/ion of the Post might be 
changed from one municipal sub-division of the Slate to another. Posts, by the 
adoption of suitable by- laws, can protect themselves against an arbitrary change 
of Post-rooms, but it would make it very burdensome for Posts to be required to 
give notice and obtain the approval of the Department Commander every time 
they wislied to change their " quarters." 1 am, therefore, of the opinion that 
said amendment does not in any manner limit or effect the right of a Post, at its 
pleasure or convenience, to change its place of meeting from one point to another 
within its precinct or charter limitations. 

Comrade Shinn, of Ohio: In behalf of the delegation from 
Ohio, and the Department of Ohio, I move that any conflicting 
rules of this Encanii)ment be suspended, and that the Adjutant 
General be directed to cast the ballot of this Encampment for the 
election of Comrade W. C. Johnson as Commander-in-Chief, to fill 
the unexpired term of our late lamented Commander-in-Chief, 
James A. Sexton. 

The Junior Vi(e Commander-in-Chief assumed the chair. 

Comrade Walkkk, of Indiana : I desire to offer an amend- 
ment, that it is the sense of this Encam])ment that the Senior Vice 
Commander-in-Chief, who signs himself as Acting Commander-in- 
Chief, became Commander-in-Chief upon the death of Comrade 
Sexton. I think the action of the Council of Administration was 

232 Thirty-third National Encampment 

unwarranted. I think he was entitled to the honors'of the office 
from the death of Comrade Sexton, and that this Encampment 
ought to so declare. 

Comrade Cole, of New Jersey : I rise to a point of order, 
that the motion made by the Comrade from Indiana proposes an 
overturning of the fixed law of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and it cannot come before this Encampment in the form of an 
amendment to a motion. 

Comrade Gobin, of Pennsylvania: Before you decide that 
point of order, we want to be heard upon this question, because it 
involves a very important constitutional matter. To try to stifle 
the amendment of the Comrade from Indiana by a point of order, 
which is in no sense a point of order, is establishing a dangerous 
precedent. But it seems we are getting into difficulty here. I 
agree most emphatically with Comrade Walker of Indiana, and for 
this reason. In this order, founded upon the constitution of the 
United States, and on military precedents, there is never any 
vacancy when one man is living to fill che position, and therefore 
what we want to do now is to, in as few words as possible, meeting 
the other question when it arises, confirm what the Council of 
Administration neglected to do, that for this year, subsequent to 
the death of our lamented Commander-in-Chief, Comrade Johnson 
has been Commander-in-Chief, or, the Council of Administration 
having failed to give us a Commander-in-Chief after they had 
assumed the right to do it, that we do it now for them. 

Comrade Wa(;ner, of Pennsylvania : Does Comrade Walker 
press his amendment at this time ? 

Comrade Walker : I press the amendment. I want simply 
an expression, that it is the sense of this Encampment that Com- 
rade Johnson became Commander-in-Chief upon the death of 
Comrade Sexlon. 

Comrade Wagner : Do not let us complicate this question 
and precipitate a discussion upon a matter about which there seems 
to be very little difference of opinion. We have no Commander- 
in-Chief as matters are. We ought to have one, but we have not. 
Now let us elect Comrade Johnson, as he ought to be elected, and 
place him in the position which he should have assumed as a mat- 
ter of course and as a matter of right, but do not let us compli- 

Grand Army of the Republic 233 

cate the question by raising this constitutional point which we can 
dispose of after awhile and make the constitution so strong that 
there can be no question about it whatever. I hope that Comrade 
Walker will withdraw his amendment at this time and we will have 
all constitutional questions in a very little while. 

Comrade Walker : My proposition simply is that it is the 
sense of this Encampment that Comrade Johnson was Commander- 
in-Chief. I want to elect him Commander-in-Chief if comrades 
think it necessary. .1 think by operation of law he became Com- 
mander-in-Chief upon the death of Comrade Sexton. I think our 
laws meant something when they were written. If it is thought 
best to elect him now that is all right and I won't object to that. 

The Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief : Does Comrade 
Walker withdraw his amendment at this lime, or not ? 

Comrade Walker : I think it is the disposition of the En- 
campment that it should not be withdrawn. I think you had bet- 
ter put the question. 

Comrade Cole : I made the point of order that the amend- 
ment ot the Comrade from Indiana is not in order at this time and 
I desire to be heard before the chair rules upon my point of order. 

The Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief: You have the floor. 

Comrade Cole : The amendment as made by the Comrade 
from Indiana, in effect declares that the Senior Vice Commander- 
in-Chief became Commander-in-Chief upon the death of Comrade 
Sexton. That is a physical impossibility. Otherwise the Council 
of Administration were acting outside of their power when they 
met and balloted for a successor to Comrade Sexton. I am en- 
tirely willing that Comrade Johnson should be elected Commander- 
in-Chief and that his election should date back to the death ot 
Comrade Sexton, and that will he the legal way to do it, and not 
the way that the Comrade from Indiana proposes. 

The Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief : From the rules and 
regulations 1 would decide that the amendment offered by Com- 
rade Walker is not in order. It is moved that Comrade Johnson 
be elected Commander-in-Chief by acclamation. 

234 Thirty-third National Encampment 

No objection being made the motion was put and was carried^ 
unanimously, and Comrade Johnson was declared duly elected 
Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

The Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief : Comrades of the 
Thirty-third National Encampment it gives me great pleasure to 
present to you the newly elected Commander-in-Chief of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. 

The Commander-in-Chief Elect : Comrades, I will take up 
no time in making remarks. You all know my feeling. I can find 
no fit words to express to you my heartfelt thanks for the great 
honor that you have thus conferred upon me. I have told you in 
my report of the depth of my feeling for the comradeship of the 
Grand Army. I love it and my most earnest and devoted efforts 
have been and will be for the Grand Army. I thank you. 

The Commander-in-Chief elect assumed the chair. 

Comrade Kay, of New York : I move that Comrade Daniel 
Ross, of Delaware, present Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief, be 
elected Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief by acclamation. 

No objection being heard the motion was put and unani- 
mously carried, and Comrade Ross was declared duly elected 
Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief. 

The Commander-in-Chief Elect : There is now a vacancy 
in the office of Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief. What is your 
pleasure ? 

Comrade Bingham, of Potomac : I move that the office of 
Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief remain vacant for the balance of 
the term. 

The Commander-in-Chief Elect : We will proceed to the 
installation of the newly elected officers. I will call upon Past 
Commander-in-Chief Wagner to act as installing officer. 

The newly elected Commander-in-Chief, and Senior Vice- 
Commander-in-Chief were then duly installed by Past Commander- 
in-Chief Louis Wagner, of Pennsylvania. 

Comrade Wagner : I have two or three announcements to 

Grand Army of the Republic 235 

As you are probably aware, I am Chairman of the Committee 
of Arrangements for this Encampment, and I desire to give one or 
two general notices, trusting that it will not be necessary to repeat 
them, and I will be prepared, if the Commander-in-Chief will 
permit, after I get through, to answer any questions if I can guess 
the answers. What you have had you know. What you are to get 
I want to tell you. The Committee took it for granted that there 
would be a session to-day in the morning and in the afternoon, and 
a session to-morrow long enough to finish up the business. To- 
morrow night at Camp Sexton will be a display of fireworks to 
which you are all invited. On Friday there will be a trip on the 
Delaware River and a review of the fleet which is now anchored in 
that river, and which, by the by, the authorities at Washington 
will kindly permit to remain here until the i5ih, so that those of 
you who have money enough to stay until that time and expect to 
walk home, will have an opportunity to visit the fleet next week if 
you stay. The Committee has chartered all the steamboats it was 
possible to get on the river and we have made arrangements with 
two or three caterers, the best in the city, to give those upon the 
boats a lunch, with nothing stronger to drink than coffee. We 
should have been glad to arrange for more boats, but we couldn't 
get them. The Cramps said they wouldn't have time to build half 
a dozen for this Encampment. The (luestion is, who is to go upon 
this trip? The accommodations are for over 4,000 people. This 
National Encampment numbers at the most 900. The excursion is 
not for e\ erybody that wants to go. I was about to say we have 
invited the city authorities, but they, like the McDonald's at the 
time of the dehige, have provided a boat of their own. We have 
ready and have distributed nearly 4,000 tickets and some of you 
haven't got any. That sinij)ly shows that you are not smart. When 
the henroost is full of chickens it is the time for you to get one 
quick. There is a committee consisting of Comrade Stewart as 
Chairman and two or three other able-bodied comrades, who have 
more tickets to distribute. They are not to be distributed now. 
The distribution already made was pro rata to the Adjutant 
General of each department. So far as the tickets go you will get 

At previous Encampments we have lost a great deal of time in 
going from the place of the meeting of the Encampment down town 

236 Thirty-third National Encampment 

and trying to find something to eat. We wanted to obviate that 
on this occasion, a selfish business, in order to get rid of you that 
much sooner, and we have prepared, in this house, a collation for 
the members of the National Encampment, and those who are upon 
this floor. Members of the National Encampment, will, when we 
take a recess, be invited to a lunch and we can meet again and go 
on with our business in less than an hour. This lunch is to be 
served and there is plenty to eat for 1200 men. Do not all 
attempt to get in at once. You will get so much to eat that you 
will wish you hadn't come, provided you are patient. I shall be 
glad to answer any questions that any comrades may ask. 

There is one thing I forgot. The tickets are printed, each boat 
by name, and each boat with a particular color, the Columbia, the 
Georgiana, the John A. Warner, the Thomas Clyde, City Ice Boat 
Number 2, City Ice Boat Number 3, — it is warm weather and the 
ice boats will keep you cool. Four of them will sail from Chestnut 
Street wharf, two of them from Arch Street wharf at 10 o'clock on 
Friday morning. If you go to the wrong wharf you will get left. 
You can not get on to any boat for which the ticket does not call. 
We will sail up the river as far as Cramp's ship yards and we will 
sail down the river as far as League Island, or as far as Chester, if 
we have time. We will then form in line, if that is the nautical 
term, at any rate we will get in one string with the Commodore 
ahead and we will sail up the east side of the river and when we 
reach the flag boat, the New York, the reviewing officer, the 
Governor of Pennsylvania, will receive the Governor's salute. We 
will pass up the river to the extreme right of the fleet, come down 
in front of the fleet and be dismissed at half past 4 or 5 o'clock. 

I make the motion that 11 o'clock to-morrow morning be fixed 
as the hour at which to receive committees and delegations from 
fraternal associations, and that the addresses be limited to one from 
each of the associations. The motion prevailed. 

Comrade Wagner : I will make one more motion and then I 
will sit down for this time. I move you that we take a recess for 
lunch at half past 32 and that the Encampment be again called to 
order at half past one. The motion prevailed. 

The Commander-in-Chief: The next in order will be the 
appointment of committees. 

Grand Army of the Republic 237 

The following committees were announced. 

On Address of Senior Vice-Commander-in- Chief, and Report 
of Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief : 

Ivan N. Walker, Indiana ; J. P. S. Gobin, Pennsylvania ; Thomas 
G. Lawler, Illinois ; John S. Kountz, Ohio ; George S. Merrill, Massa- 

On Report of Surgeon-General : 

John E. Evans, Nebraska ; Jos. H. Browning, Kentucky ; Lewis M. 
Zimmerman, Maryland ; John O. Winship, Ohio ; J. \V. Langley, Wash- 
ington and Alaska. 

On Report of Chaplain-in-Chief : 

Washington Gardner, Michigan ; T. H. Hagerty» Missouri , Bernard 
Kelly, Kansas ; Zeb. R. Winslow, Illinois ; Henry M. Caylor, Indiana. 

On Report of Adjutant-General : 

Arthur Hendricks, Potomac ; B. M. Hicks, Minnesota ; James P. 
Averill, Georgia ; Edward C. Swett, Maine ; R. M. Smock, Indiana. 

On Report of Quartermaster- General : 

James F. Morrison, Pennsylvania; J. C. Bigger, Texas; W. L. 
Palmer, South Dakota ; A. L. Schimpff, Illinois ; Charles Burrows, 
New Jersey. 

On Report of Inspector-General : 

Philip S. Chase, Ivhode Island ; Henry A. Norton, Minnesota ; John 
G. B. Adams, Massachusetts; lames O'Donnell, Illinois; V. G. Butter- 
field, Vermont. 

On Report of Judge Advocate -General : 

Wm. Warner, Missouri; John C. Black, Illinois; Harrison Allen, 
North Dakota : W. A. Weiherbee, Massachusetts ; H. A. Castle, 

On Report of Cusiodian of Records : 

Frank Battles, New Hampshire ; Peter B. Ayars, Delaware; H. L. 
Hartshorn, New Jersey. 

On Resolutions : 

A. G. Weissert, Wisconsin, Chairmafi ; G. W. Buckley, Alabama; 
Charles D. Belden, Arizona; A. L. Thompson, Arkansas; SoUjmon 
Cahen, California and Nevada ; K. A. Slack, Colorado and Wyoming ; 
Alfred B. Beers, Connecticut; Peter B. Ayars, Delaware; George F. 
Foote, Florida ; S. A. Darnell, (ieorj^ia ; J. W. Burst, Illinois; Smiley 
N. Chambers, Indiana ; David Redf'ield, Indian Territory ; F. M. Smock, 

238 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Iowa, P. H. Coney, Kansas; A. J. Tharp, Kentucky ; Chas. H. Shutc, 
Louisiana and Mississippi ; Edward C. Swett, Maine ; Geo. W. F. Ver- 
non, Maryland ; Austin S. Cushman, Massachusetts ; Henry S. Dean, 
Michigan ; John Day Smith, Minnesota ; Lewis Benecke, Missouri ; 
Chas. Horn, Montana ; H. C. Russell, Nebraska ; Thomas Cogswell, 
New Hampshire ; Chas. Burrows, New Jersey ; Wm. M. Berger, New 
Mexico ; James Tanner, New York ; A. J. Rowe, North Dakota ; L F. 
Mack, Ohio ; J. P. Cummings, Oklahoma ; A. W. France, Oregon ; 
H. H. Cumings, Pennsylvania ; John McElroy, Potomac ; Chas. P. Moies, 
Rhode Island ; G. M. Coffman, Tennessee ; Edward N. Ketchum, 
Texas ; M. M. Kaighn, Utah ; A. B. Valentine, Vermont ; Edgar Allan, 
Virginia and North Carolina ; D. F. Decatur, Washington and Alaska ; 
T. C. Miller, West Virginia. 

On Rules, Regulations and Ritual : 

Robt. B. Beath, Pennsylvania ; Henry M. Nevius, New Jersey ; 
Frank Seaman, Tennessee ; James S. Dodge, Indiana; James H. Gould- 
ing, Vermont. 

Comrade Brown, of Ohio : I move that the report of the 
National Pension Committee be made a special order for 2.30 
o'clock this afternoon. The motion prevailed. 

Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief : We have some special 
duty to perform and we will hear from Comrade William L. Smith, 

Comrade Smith addressed the Commander-in-Chief and pre- 
sented to him on behalf of the Aids-de-camp a beautiful gold 
badge set with diamonds. 

The Commander-in-Chief responded as follows : 

Comrade Smith, to you and to the members of the staff who 
have been so loyal and so devoted to me, I desire to express my 
highest appreciation and my heartfelt thanks. I shall ever remem- 
ber them and shall keep this beautiful token as a testimonial of 
their kindness towards me and a reminder of the pleasant associa- 
tions of the past few months. 

The Encampment then took a recess to 1.30 p, M., pursuant to 
the motion of Comrade Wagner. 

Grand Army of the Republic 239 


The Encampment was called to order at 1.30 P. m. 

The Commander-in-Chief : The next in order is the recep- 
tion and reference of communications from Department Encamp- 
ments, the departments to be called according to seniority. 

The Adjutant-General called the roll of the departments and 
various resolutions and communications from departments were 
presented, referred to committees and will appear in extenso with 
the reports of such committees. 

Various communications and resolutions from individual mem- 
bers of the Encampment were presented and referred to appropri- 
ate committees and will appear hereafter in connection with the 
reports of such committees. 

Comrade Allan, of Virginia, presented the report of the 
Special Committee on the Fredericksburg Battlefield Park, and 
asked that it be referred to the Committee on Resolutions. It was 
so referred and will appear in the report of that committee. 

Comrade Walker, of Indiana : I will ask Comrade Gobin 
to come to the front. Comrade Gobin, the committee appointed 
for the purpose, in obedience to the instructions of the National 
Encampment, has procured this grandfather's clock, which I now 
present to you in the name of the Comrades of the Grand Army of 
the Republic in recognition of the efficient service that you have 
rendered not only the Order, but your country. We ask you to 
accept it, sir, with the respect and confidence and esteem of all 
the membership of the Order. 

Comrade Gobin : Comrade Walker and Comrades of the 
Committee and of the Grand Army of the Republic, there are 
many things in this life which we feel are undeserved, and I must 
say that upon this occasion I realize that this is one of them ; but 
I will accept this testimonial, not on account of its intrinsic value, 
great as it is, but because it conies freighted with the good wishes 
and the esteem and j)ersonal friendship of my old comrades of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. You could not throw around it any 
halo, you could not place upon it any value that in my mind or in 

240 Thirty-third National Encampment 

my heart would be consonant with that high regard with which it 
comes. To the distinguished committee which has selected this 
testimonial I return my thanks for their kindness, their forethought 
and their complimentary words. When it goes to my home as it 
ticks away the minutes and the hours and the days that carry us 
into the shadows, each tick will remind me of the quicksteps to the 
music of the days gone by and in the future it will remind those 
who come after me that the Grand Army of the Republic, as an or- 
ganization, had no equal in the world. I thank you very much. 

Comrade Palmer, of Nebraska, presented the report of the 
Committee on National Sanitarium in South Dakota, as follows : 


At the last National Encampment, September, 1896, a resolution 
was unanimously adopted requesting Congress to locate a branch 
Soldiers' Home at Hot Springs, South Dakota, to be known as the 
Sanitarium of the National System of Homes. Previous to the passage 
of this resolution, the Board of Managers of the National Homes had 
thoroughly endorsed the proposition. General W. B. Franklin, Chair- 
man, has been very active in the matter ; has written several letters on 
the subject. General Averill, a Manager and Inspector-General of the 
National Board of Managers for the National Homes, General Breckin- 
ridge, Inspector-General of the Army, the Assistant Secretary of War, 
and others, had (prior to the passage of the resolution by our Encamp- 
ment) asked Congress to appropriate the money necessary to build the 
Sanitarium . Thirty test cases of rheumatic disease, men toibliy disabled, 
were taken on stretchers from the National Home at Leavenworth, 
Kansas, to the State Home at Hot Springs, South Dakota, and treated 
for sixty days only. One died, forty-four per cent, were cured, all the 
others were greatly benefited. General Averill reports that the saving 
to the Government by curing rheumatic cases would more than pay the 
expenses of running this Sanitarium. With such a strong showing, no 
wonder our last Encampment passed the resolution and asked Comman- 
der-in-Chief Sexton to appoint a committee of seven to wait upon Con- 
gress to secure the passage of the necessary bill. For some unaccount- 
able reason the committee was not named until January 16, 1899, and 
consisted of H. E. Palmer, Past Department Commander, Nebraska, as 
Chairman ; E. P. Farr, Department Commander of South Dakota ; 
George A. Silsby, Past Department Commander, South Dakota ; W. V. 
Lucas, Past Department Commander, South Dakota ; C. S. Palmer, 
Past Department Commander of South Dakota ; W. R. Manning, Past 
Department Commander, Iowa, and Comrade Richard Root, of Iowa. 
This committee was to act witiiout expense to the Grand Army. I 

Grand Army of the Republic 241 

found it impossible to assemble the committee together at Washington 
before January 29th, 1899, when Comrades Silsby, Lucas, Manning, 
Root and myself met at the National Hotel at Washington and drafted 
an argument to be made before the House Military Committee. We 
found that a bill for the establishment of this Sanitarium had twice 
passed the Senate, and that Senate Bill No. 366 was before the House 
Military Committee. On the third of February an argument was made 
before the Military Committee by myself, ably seconded by Comrade 
Charles F. Manderson, ex-United States Senator from Nebraska, and 
by Congressman Gamble, of South Dakota. Adjournment day was so 
close, the Hull Army Bill and other war measures of. great importance 
to be passed, that it was impossible to get action from the Military Com- 
mittee in time to save the bill in the House, although Comrade Silsby 
and myself remained on the ground until the twentieth of February, 
awaiting a report from the Military Committee. Since the adjournment 
of Congress I have been active as Chairman of the Committee and know 
that Comrade Henderson, our next Speaker of the House, is strongly 
in favor of the bill. Comrade Hull, Chairman of the Military Committee, 
visited Hot Springs in July last and says the measure is a good one and 
has his earnest approval. Note, comrades, that the only Sanitarium 
under government control at any curative Hot Springs is a small one 
for the regular army at the Hot Spriugs, Arkansas, where malaria and 
heat for nine months of the year makes the place undesirable. At Hot 
Springs, South Dakota, the altitude is 3,48*2 feet above the sea, climate 
most delightful the year round, waters the best and most curative in the 
world — note also, please, that at Denver, in 1883, a resolution was pre- 
sented to our Grand Encampment calling for a Western Soldiers* Home. 
A committee, of which Major William Warner, then Department Com- 
mander of Missouri, was Chairman ; Comrade Wiseman, of Kansas^ 
Comrade Lindt, of Iowa, Comrade Tease, of Missouri, and myself, at 
that time Department Commander ot Nebraska, were appointed a Com- 
mittee to wait on Congress. We met in Washington early in 1884, and 
remained on the grouiul three weeks, secured the passage of the bill, 
the Home was duly located at Leavenworth, Kansas. At the National 
Encampment in 1881, we received the unanimous thanks of the Grand 
Army for services rendered. 1 mention this that the comrades may not 
forget that with united action on our part, a sanitarium will be secured 
for the old soldiers that will become the hospital of all the Homes and 
bring to our disabled, pain racked comrades great relief, and help im- 
measurably to proloiij^ th( ir days and lessen their pains. At the last 
Department Encampment of Nebraska, strong resolutions were adopted 
asking this Encampment to sustain the hands of this Committee. Sim- 
ilar but stronger resolutions were unanimously adopted at the last De- 
partment Encampment of South Dakota, and this Encampment was 
petitioned to re-appoint practically the same committee. Similar reso- 

242 Thirty-third National Encampment 

lutions were unanimously adopted by the last Department Encampment 
of Iowa. Members of Congress and United States Senators in those 
States are asked by the State Encampments to do everything in their 
power for the passage of the bill. The Committee on Military Affairs of 
last Congress printed my argument for the Sanitarium and I attach same 
to this report as Exhibit A. [Exhibit A filed at Headquariers.] 

Respectfully submitted, 

Past Department Commander, Nebraska G. A. R., 

Chairtnan of Committee. 


Comrade Warner, of Missouri : I move that the report be 
accepted and that the committee be continued. The committee 
was appointed to act without any expense to the National Encamp- 
ment and a re-appointment will simply enable them to continue 
their work. The motion prevailed. 

The Commander-in-Chief: Are there any further repoits 
from committees ? 

The Adjutant-General : There is a committee to report 
on the question of admission of certain persons to the Grand Army 
of the Republic, called the *' Tennessee Committee.'* 

Comrade Duble, of Pennsylvania, presented the report, as fol- 
lows : 

Thomas J. Stewart, Adjutant- General : 

Comrade : 

The Department of Tennessee presented to the Thirty-second 
National Encampment, a resolution, providing for an amendment to the 
Rules and Regulations, rendering eligible to membership in the Grand 
Army of the Republic, *' All Union men in Tennessee, who were con- 
scripted into the Rebel Army in 18r>2, and who, during that year, de- 
serted from said army, and enlisted in the U. S. Army, and were 
honorably discharged." This Resolution was referred to the Committee 
on Rules, ReguJations and Ritual, who reported adversely "on this broad 
proposition restricted to a single State." After a full and free discussion, 
the last item of the committee's report was referred to a Special Com- 
mittee of five, to report at the next National Encampment. 

Your Special Committee, to whom was referred the above item, 
would respectfully report : 

That they have given the subject their most careful consideration ; 
they have solicited and obtained the views of comrades from every sec- 

Grand Army of the Republic 243 

tion of the country, and have been largely guided and controlled in for- 
mulating their conclusions by the calm unbiassed judgment of thoughtful 
and conservative comrades. 

We do not detract an iota from the loyalty and patriotism of the 
men of the South, in whose behalf this resolution was presented, but we 
do believe, that any attempt to change the Rules and Regulations, 
would, at this period of our history, be unwise, and any change that 
would admit to our membership, any man, who had at any time borne 
arms against our government, would be fraught with the gravest danger 
to our Order, and would eliminate a cardinal principle, that is now recog- 
nized as the chief corner stone of one of the most patriotic organizations 
that has ever existed. 

Believing then, that any such change in our fundamental principles 
would be unwise, unjust, and only productive of evil, we therefore re- 
port adversely on every and any scheme of change that the above 
Resolutions contemplate and would require. 

J. B. DUBLE, Pennsylvania, 
H. M. NEVIUS, New Jersey. 
I. F. MACK, Ohio, 
A.J. BURBANK,IlIinois. 


Comrade Druckemiller, of Pennsylvania : I move the adop- 
tion of the report as read. The motion prevailed unanimously. 

Comrade Burdett, of The Potomac -. The Committee on 
Grant Statue beg leave to report as follows; 

The Committee on Grant Statue beg leave to report that under date 
of August 10, iHfU), they were advised by the sculptor, Mr. Franklin 
Simmons, that the completed statue would be shipped to this country 
before the end of October next. This gratifying; intelligence assures us 
the time for making; all necej-sary arranj^ements with the joint Committee 
of the House and Senate, for its inauj^iiration in the Capitol, with due 
and proper ceremonial during the next ensuing session of Congress. 

What those ceremonials shall be will necessarily be matter of 
arrangement between the Committee of Congress and your Committee, 
and cannot therefore be now foreshadowed, but they should be simple 
in their dignity, as was the character of the soldier and comrade the 
statue will commemorate. 

Your committee feel therefore that they may at this time congratu- 
late you and the comradtship of the Grand Army at large, on the near 
completion of a labor which has been to them one of much care and 
perplexity, but to all of us a labor of love. 

244 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Comrade Cole, of New Jersey : I move that the report be 
received and the committee continued until the monument is 
erected and dedicated. 

The motion prevailed. 

The Report of the Committee on School History, Patriotic 
Instruction, &c., was presented as follows ' 

W. C, Johnson^ Senior Vice Commander-in-Chiefs Acting Commander- 
in-Chief : 

Your Committee on School Histories and Patriotic Teaching in public 
schools, respectfully submit the following report : 

This committee has had no meeting during the past year and the 
work accomplished has been prosecuted through the efforts of its mem- 
bers as individuals. The chairman has endeavored to keep in touch 
with the several Department Commanders and with our kindred organi- 
zations for the purpose of keeping alive an interest in the subjects and 
work assigned to the committee. Besides a considerable correspond- 
ence with individuals interested in the work of patriotic instruction the 
chairman has corresponded with large numbers of the officers of the 
several departments and has gathered an extensive fund of encouraging 
and instructive information from these sources, the leading features of 
which are to follow in this report. 

Whatever of opposition may have existed, formerly, to the efforts 
of the Grand Army of the Republic to induce the schools of our country 
to teach devotion to the government and its flag, and to secure for use 
in the schools histories which should correctly present the facts as to the 
Civil War, has largely disappeared. No one now questions the impor- 
tance of building up in the minds of the children of the republic senti- 
ments of patriotism and of keeping before them truthful and patriotic 
histories of the important events in our national life, and especially of 
the mighty struggle for the maintenance of national unity from 1861 to 
1865. The practical question to be met by this organization is, "How 
shall these results be most certainly and effectively accomplished?" It 
is gratifying to the committee, to be able to report great improvement 
in the character and tone of the histories used in the public schools since 
the beginning of the agitation of this subject by our organization. Most 
of the defects and inaccuracies, which were the subject of complaint 
against many of the school histories, have been corrected. In one of 
the leading works in use more than fifty substantial changes in the text 
have been made in that portion presenting the history of the war of the 
rebellion. We believe that with the exception of the fact that there is 
no history known to us used in our schools which makes it clear in state- 
ment that the war for the preservation of the union was prosecuted on 
the one side by the National Government and on the other by those in 
armed rebellion against its authority, many of the school histories now 

Grand Army of the Republic 245 

in general use are unobjectionable. This exception and omission is too 
important to be ignored by the committee, and we cannot do less than 
urge the continuance of the agitation of this subject until the fact is 
plainly and dearly stated in the histories used in the public schools that 
the so-called Civil War was prosecuted by the National Government for 
the maintenance of its constitutional authority over a portion of its citi- 
zens in revolt against it. 

The committee has given much consideration to the question of 
methods for securing patriotic instruction and observances in the schools 
of the country generally. We feel much encouraged and gratified to 
find a large proportion of the people profoundly interested in this sub- 
ject. We note with much pleasure the fact that the State of Alabama 
has during the last year, fallen into line, and through its legislature pro- 
vided by law for placing the United States flag over all public school 
grounds in that State. We have communications from the National 
President of the W^oman's Relief Corps and twenty-one Departments ol 
the GA.R. extending from Maine to Oregon, and from these are gratified 
to be able to report that in nearly every State, in the section which re- 
mained true to the Union, the flag is caused to be displayed during 
school hours from the buildings or grounds, or in the school rooms of 
the public schools, and that many of the schools practice the salute to 
the flag adopted by the Woman's Relief Corps. From the same sources 
we learn that the last Memorial Day was almost universally observed in 
all the Departments, and that there was a very general observance of 
Washinj;ton and Lincoln's birthdays by appropriate exercises, in all of 
which the pupils of the public schools participated. 

The National President of the Woman's Relief Corps informs us, 
that, while she has not been able to secure complete returns from all the 
Departments, she is able to report that from those which have responded 
that there are IT,.")})! scliool buildings over which the flag floats during 
school hours ; that there are 18, s').*; schools in which patriotism is regu- 
larly taught ; that there are :>G,.')Hs school rooms supplied with flags ; 
that 26,r)()3 schools ^\\-<i the flag salute of the Woman's Relief Corps ; 
that 1,402,78S school children practice the salute to the flag ; that in 158 
towns or localities the practice of observinjj: ''Citizen's Sunday" has 
been adopted, on which day, ministers of thr j;()spel preach sermons de- 
voted to patriotic topics or national (|iiestions ; that there are reported 
17*^ towns and cities which practicr holding patriotic contests. These 
gratifying facts and figures not only inspire your committee with hope 
and encouragement, but indicate how much more may be accomplished 
in this direction by a thorough and complete organization for the pur- 
pose. If the memory fif our dead is to be kept alive, if their resting 
places are to be decorated and kt^pt ^reen, it must be done by the young 
generation now in our schools and those to follow. If stalwart patriotism 
is to become and be a ruling passion, which may be relied upon as the 

246 Thirty-third National Encampment 

future security of the Republic, it must be taught to the young into whose 
keeping the great interests of the Nation must soon pass. Recognizing 
these truths, your committee make the following recommendations : — 
That each Department Commander be requested to select from each 
Post in his Department a comrade as an aide on patriotic instruction ; 
that he have one officer on his personal staff to be known as Chief Aide 
on Patriotic Instruction ; that this officer report to the National Com- 
mittee on School Histories and Patriotic Instruction the work as it pro- 
gresses in his Department ; that the aide selected from the several Posts 
be required to encourage the schools to devote some part of a day to 
the celebration of the birthdays of Lincoln and Washington, that 
he invite the public schools of his neighborhood to participate in 
Memorial Day exercises ; that he confer with school authorities and en- 
deavor through them to secure the use of the best obtainable school his- 
tories in the schools and the exclusion of such as are unfit, and the use 
of flags in the school rooms and over the school buildings ; that the 
Woman's Relief Corps and Sons of Veterans be requested to organize 
in a similar manner for the purpose of co-operating with the Grand 
Army of the Republic in securing the general adoption of a systematic 
plan for teaching patriotism in the public schools of the country, we pre- 
sent this plan of organization believing that by exercising care in the se- 
lection of earnest, patriotic men as aides, widely distributed as the Posts 
of our organization, these aides being brought into personal contact with 
the schools and school officers of their several localities can accomplish 
greater results along these lines than can be accomplished through any 
other agency. 

In conclusion, therefore, we urge upon this Encampment the adop- 
tion of the plan proposed, and upon every Department and individual 
member of the organization the continuance of the work so auspiciously 
begun until the teaching of the duties of citizenship shall be a part of the 
instruction received by every child in all public schools. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. O. MARSH, Chairtnan, 

On motion of Comrade Druckemiller the report was adopted. 

The Adjutant-General: There are two appeals from the 
action of the Commander-in-Chief, one in the case of Samuel W. 
Hopkinson of the Department of Massachusetts, and the other in 
the case of Comrade Bresnahan of the Department of the Potomac. 

Grand Army of the Republic 247 

The Commander-in-Chief : They will be referred to the 
Committee on Rules, Regulations and Ritual. 

If there are no further reports from committees, the next in 
order is unfinished business. Is there any unfinished business to be 
brought up at this time ? 

No unfinished business being presented new business was 
called for. 

Comrade Black, of Illinois : I have been instructed by the 
Department of Illinois, in its Annual Encampment, to present to 
this Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, a request 
for the locating in the City of Chicago of the Annual Encamp- 
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic for the year 1900. In 
pursuance of those instructions, Commander-in-Chief, I move that 
the next Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic be 
fixed to be held in the City of Chicago at a time to be designated 
hereafter by the proper officials of the Encampment. 

Comrade Kaighn, of Utah : I desire to move an amendment 
to substitute in the place of ** Chicago, Illinois," Salt Lake City^ 
Utah, and at the proper time I desire to speak upon the substitute. 

Comrade Bolan, of Wisconsin : I am astonished to think, 
judging from the applause, that we have so many amongst us who 
want to go and see the Mormons. Let us vote for Chicago. 

Comrade Kaichn: Commander-in-Chief and comrades, hear 
me for my cause and be silent that ye may the better hear. I did 
not make this motion to this encampment as a joke. I made it 
seriously and in good faith. There are a great many of your boys 
out in the Rocky Mountains who love the old flag and love their 
comrades as much as those who live in the great City of Chicago. 
The Encampment has been west but twice in 33 years, once in 
Denver, and once in California. We think that we have rights out 
there which should be respected. We think we have attractions 
out there which will make it worth your while to come out and see. 
There are thousands, there are tens of thousands of people coming 
out there every year at full fare to see the wonderful natural attrac- 
tions of the valley of Salt Lake. We have facilities there for 
entertaining all the ( omrades who will do us the honor to come. 

248 , Thirty-third National Encampment 

Salt Lake City, Ogden and Provo have passed resolutions inviting 
the Grand Army to come. Mass meetings of the citizens have been 
held in various cities to the same effect and the Governor, the 
Mayors of the cities and public men have written letters inviting 
you to come. I had a circular which 1 intended to distribute, 
showing these things, but the railroads are in such condition that 
the circulars haven't got here — they may be here later when they 
will be of no service — but we have curiosities and attractions which 
exist no where else on the face of the globe. Salt Lake City is 
built in a beautiful valley between two mountains 4.300 feet above 
the sea level, with an air which brings healing on its wings to 
everybody that takes it into their lungs. It is a natural sanitarium. 
You are all familiar with the great dead sea, whose water is so 
dense that the man who can not swim can lie down on it and 
paddle himself along. We have springs and mountain resorts that 
bring tourists from all over the world. We have facilities for taking 
care of you and we say to you that if you come out there we will 
entertain you handsomely and you will have a better time and enjoy 
yourself more than anywhere else in the United States. It is all 
very well to go 10 a large city, but how much of a good time do 
you have there? They have artificial decorations, they are glad to 
receive you, they entertain you very nicely, but they are all in some 
respects very much alike ; and I say without taking up too much 
time, that if you will come to Salt Lake City we will do everything 
to make you comfortable and happy and give you such a pleasant 
time that you will remember it all the rest of your lives. 

Comrade Wolgemuth, of South Dakota : I rise to second the 
nomination of Chicago, for this reason, in the days when we were 
young, when we were on the earth the first time, the spelling book 
and reader made us believe that all roads led to Rome, but the face 
of the earth has been changed and all roads to-day lead to Chicago. 
I am therefore in favor of Chicago. 

Comrade Swett, of Maine : I desire to offer an amendment 
to Comrade Black's motion as to fixing the date of the Encamp- 
ment, by adding these the words, **Not earlier than September 
15th." I do this in the interest of those comrades who are 
dependent upon their pensions to get there and who always draw 
them I learn on the 4th of the month. Besides, I think the season 
is more favorable to your comfort. 

Grand Army of the Republic 249 

Comrade Langley, of Washington and Alaska: I had intended 
in good faith and with the approval of the department of Wash- 
ington and Alaska, the Chamber of Commerce of the City of 
Seattle, the Mayor and Common Council of the City of Seattle, and 
all the powers of the State of Washington that can voice the senti- 
ment, to invite the Encampment of 1900 to Seattle. I do not 
think that even Chicago — possibly Salt Lake City might have some 
peculiar attractions for men of our ages, but if you want to keep 
cool and if it doesn't make any difference whether the middle of 
September or the middle of August for comfort in holding an 
Encampment, you will find the right temperature at Seattle or 
anywheje else on Puget Sound. There is another reason — I want 
this Encampment to know that there is such a place as Seattle, I 
want this encampment to know that there is no longer a Washing- 
ton Territory in this country, but there is a State of Washington, 
and when they get out there they will find that it is true — all the 
machinery of a State including its politics. Now, I am not going 
to press it. I am inclined to think that the comrades want to 
gather together where they can do it at the least expense, a central 
point. But I do want to impress upon you that the centre of this 
world is not necessarily Chicago, even the centre has moved from 
Rome to the westward. It has moved west from Chicago and I 
think it will be found ptTched somewhere in the ^tate of Washing- 
ton. We have everything there that can charm, every feature of 
climate that can temj)t and make you feel comfortable while you 
are there, and the most hospitable people, though I need not say 
that for you know the t'lirthcr west you go the broader and more 
generous hospitality you meet. We have thousands of comrades 
there to welcome you heartily. Every citizen of the State of 
Washington and particularly of the City of Seattle would feel it an 
honor to make the old comrades at home onee more on the Pacific 
Coast. But I will not press it. I join in seconding the motion of 
Comrade Black for the ( ity of Chicago. 

Comrade Vandi.k>li< k, of Pennsylvania: I trust the Encamp- 
ment will pause before it changes the time of meeting. Those who 
were m St. Louis reinL'inbcr the grand prcjxarations that the people 
of that city made for the National Encampment and they know 
that we met there right at the time of the etpiinoctial storm and if 
you place it beyond the 15th of September you had better place it 

250 Thirty-third National Encampment 

the first week in October to avoid the danger of having the 
equinoctial storm at the time of the Encampment. No city ever 
made grander preparation than the city of St. Louis and yet all 
the week was spoiled by the storms. 

The motion to substitute Salt Lake City was lost and the 
motion of Comrade Black of Illinois, unanimously prevailed. 

Comrade Black; I want, on behalf of the application from 
the State of Illinois, the comrades of the Department of Illinois 
and the citizens of that Great State, to thank the Encampment tor 
the honor they have conferred upon us. I hold in my hand and 
will file with the Adjutant- General the invitation of the Governor of 
the State, of the Mayor of the City, of the Common Council of the 
City and of its Board of Trade all bidding you to come and see us. 
I have in addition pledges from the Finance Committee of ample 
and sufficient funds for every expense that legitimately attaches to 
the meeting of this great body. In addition thereto, we will, when 
you come among us, show you not a State of battle fields, for that 
has not been our high honor, but we will show you the state that 
sent men to open up in the supreme hour of the Nation's peril, the 
greatest battle of modern times and the state that furnished the 
majestic and silent leader and the great President, under whose 
leadership peace came and the government was saved ; we will offer 
to you welcome to the greatest memorial hall that has ever been 
erected in the United States by its citizens to the soldiers, a 
memoral hall costing great sums of money and which belongs, while 
you are there to each and every soldier of the Republic. And, if 
when the time closes of your visit to us any of you can rise and say 
that anything has been lacking to make your welcome complete, we 
will try then and there to make you amends. As for the material 
parts of the proposition our hotels have guaranteed the usual and 
no increased rates, and perfect accommodation, and our railroads 
have promised us at least the equal of the lowest fares that have 
ever been extended to the Grand Army of the Republic. I place 
these papers in your hands. (Papers are filed in Adjutant-Generals 

The Adjutant-General: I want to present, at this time, by 
request, the Report of the Special Aide in charge of military 
instruction, quite a voluminous but important document, which he 

Grand Army of the Republic 251 

asks the Eacampment to refer to a committee to be appointed 
by the Commander-in-Chief. 

The Report was referred to the following committee appointed 
by the Commander-inChief : Comrades John Lindt, of Iowa; 
O. H. Coulter, of Kansas, and John E. Oilman, of Massachusetts: 

[The report will appear in full with the report of the committee.] 

The Adjutant- General announced that a committee from the 
National Association of Army Nurses, consisting of Mrs. Emily 
E. Woodley, National Counselor Army Nurses' Association, Phil- 
adelphia, Mrs. John H. Dye Germantown, and Mrs. Margaret 
Hamilton of Massachusetts, had called with greeting for the En- 

Comrade R. B. Brown of Ohio presented and read the Report 
of the Committee on Pensions, as follows : 

Commander-in-Chief and Comrades: 

For a period of twenty-eight years, from 1862 forward, the 
United States Government granted pensions to surviving soldiers, 
sailors, and marines who had rendered service in the War of the 
Rebellion, from 1861 to 1866, who had been honorably mustered 
out, and who had been disabled by wo^inds, injuries or disease 
originating during such service. At the time of enlistment, during 
the long months and years of arduous service, and for many years 
after the end of the groat struggle, the lar^e majority of the men 
who stood on the firing line from the opening to the close, gave 
but little thought to the subject of pensions. In common with 
their fellow-citizens who had furnished the sinews of war, they re- 
joiced in the C( niing of |)ca( e. With a devotion and patriotism 
unmatched in history, ihcy bravely, |)atiently, and unflinchingly 
faced, to most of them, radically changed conditions. As the 
money price of a wicked attempt to destroy the government 
founded by the father^, a vast national debt had been incurred ; 
every home had been saddened by sacrifices not to be expressed in 
words, and maimed nun everywhere reminded the soldier and 
citizen of the awful stru^^gle. Heroic as defenders of the Republic 
in the time of war, they have been no less heroic in the grander 
march of the thirty and eight years that has carried us to the fore- 
most place among the threat powers of the world. No class of 

252 Thirty-third National Encampment 

citizens has more staunchly stood for the integrity of the Govern- 
ment and the fulfillment of every, pledge made to her creditors, 
than they who wore the blue in the sixties. These men, with no 
wavering, no halting, and no stragglers to mar the symmetry of the 
lines, have stood in solid phalanx demanding that all the world 
shall respect the Nation's flag, and all that is implied in its presence, 
at home or abroad. They have cheerfully borne the burdens which 
come to the citizen and have had no small share in the mighty de- 
velopment which marks our national progress during the last third 
of the century so nearly closed. 

Your Committee on Pensions in this presence comes to this 
Thirty-third Encampment, not to eulogize or criticise, but to dis- 
charge a soldierly duty in the plain statement of plain facts. It is 
confidently affirmed that no representative assembly ever convened 
within the limits of the United States has manifested greater con- 
cern for honor and purity in public affairs than the premier body of 
the Grand Army of the Republic. Conservative, dignified and 
respectful always, the National Encampment has never yet appealed 
in vain to the American public for a hearing on matters to which it 
might properly address itself. The soldiers and sailors of the Re- 
public have naught to fear when once their cause is fairly under- 
stood. Reason, not passion ; argument, not invective, become 
men who are marching down the western slope of life. 

The Nation's obligations to its defenders and their dependent 
ones present an important problem, not necessarily difficult of so- 
lution, however ponderous it may become. We have demonstrated 
our ability as a nation to honorably treat one class of creditors, 
and it ought not to be difficult to apply the same principles on 
precisely the same lines to the other. Shoulder to shoulder they 
met and vanquished a common enemy, and preserved to mankind 
a common inheritance. The re^vard of one was evidenced by obli- 
gations justly valued and honored \n all the money centres ot the 
civilized world. A grateful people will not fail to keep the com- 
pact with the other, for only in the faithful discharge of that obli- 
gation can national honor be maintained. 

The pension question and the pensioner have been discussed 
quite as much, perhaps, as any other feature of national administra- 
tion. It is not a new problem, it is not to be put aside, nor can 
the truth long be veiled by those who would juggle with the rights 

Grand Army of the Republic 253 

of the old veteran and his dependent ones. The pension question 
has received the best attention of the Camp Fire orator and the 
pK>litician on the stump, and the veteran of the sixties, conscious of 
the value of his service to an imperiled nation, and realizing in his 
own body the awful cost to him, now demands, and rightly de- 
mands, the fulfillment of the terms of a solemn contract. He 
exp>ects this much from friend or foe, and with less than this he 
will not be content. When he wore the blue no sacrifice was 
counted too great; all that he had he freely, gladly, and manfully 
gave. Under no possible conditions did he stop to reckon the 
cost, nor summon to his aid expert chroniclers that they might 
furnish his government with the minutest details of even a single 
day's history in his soldier career. When tired Nature pleaded for 
rest and a j>ain-racked body cried out for repose, he kept his place 
in the ranks, grimly intent on a soldier's duty, little dreaming of 
the priceless value and logic of a hospital record in future pension 
administration. Here, as in all departments of government, 
differences arise in the construction of law, policy of administra- 
tion and the application of general principles, and here, as in all 
things human, the exercise of saving common sense should have 
free play. As it is impossible to set up a standard by which 
accurately to measure the value of the services of the Union 
soldiers, so now it seems an equally hopeless task to adequately 
determine the reward for that service as expressed in the pension 
roll of the Government. The Grand Army of the Republic does 
not now, nor did it ever, seek such an adjustment. The record of 
achievements belongs to the ages ; the victories won by the Union 
arms enrich, ennoble, and bless mankind. The Grand Army has 
always demanded, and does yet demand, that no worthy defender 
of the Republic, his widow or orphan, shall be compelled to bear 
all the burdens growing out of the sacrifice. 

Prior to the passage of the Act of June 27th, 1890, it was 
necessary, under the then existin^^ law granting pensions to soldiers 
and sailors who had rendered service in the War of 186 1-5, and 
who were disabled by wounds, injuries, or disease originating during 
such service, as a condition precedent to the granting of |)ension, 
that the applicant furnish proof establishing the fact that the 
disabling cause had its origin in the line of duty during such 
service. In case of the heir of a deceased soldier or sailor of such 

254 Thirty-third National Encampment 

war claiming pension, it was necessary to establish the fact that the 
death of the soldier or sailor was due to a cause having its origin in 
the military or naval service. The evidence required to connect 
the origin of disability with the service was that ^f a commissioned 
officer or two enlisted men of a soldier's company and regiment, 
who could testify from personal knowledge as to the time, place, 
and circumstances of the origin in the service of the disabling or 
death cause. It was also required, in many cases, in the absence 
of a hospital record showing treatment of the soldier while in the 
service, that the testimony of a regimental surgeon be furnished, 
showing such treatment. 

In addition it was required that the physical condition of the 
soldier upon his discharge and return home from the service be 
shown by medical or other satisfactory evidence, and that the 
continuance of the disabilities alleged to have been incurred while 
in the military or naval service be clearly shown during all of the 
years since the soldier's discharge from such service. 

As a quarter of a century had elapsed since the close of the War 
of the Rebellion, and death had reaped his annual harvest from 
among the survivors of that great contest, and men who served in 
the same organizations therein had removed from the places in 
which such organizations were gathered together, and their where- 
abouts had become unknown to their former comrades, it had be- 
come more and more difficult to furnish the testimony required to 
establish a claim under the then existing laws granting pensions 
and the requirements as to proof established thereunder. 

Owing to the inability of applicants to furnish the claim of proof 
complete in every link, as required by the law and the regulations 
established thereunder, the files of the Pension Office were crowded 
with hundreds of thousands of meritorious claims, in many of which 
the proof necessary to establish title was nearly complete, but in 
which some detail was not covered, which fact prevented favorable 
action upon the case. In every community were soldiers who were 
known to their neighbors as having entered the army early in the 
war and in the prime of vigorous manhood, and to have returned 
broken in body and strength, or to have broken down after return- 
ing and to have been unable to earn a livelihood since the war by 
reason of their disabilities, and who, being unable to furnish the 
full measure of the proof required to establish a claim under the 

Grand Army of the Republic 255 

then existing law, were unable to obtain a pension and in their 
advancing age were compelled to face the prospect of becoming a 
public charge. In many cases of the heirs of deceased soldiers 
proof of the origin in the military service of the death cause was 
lacking and impossible, and widows. and orphans of deceased sol- 
diers were a charge upon surviving comrades or upon the commu- 
munity in which they resided. 

These conditions led to the seeking of a remedy therefor. After 
exhaustive debates by Congress and the passage of a measure which 
failed to meet executive approval, the effort for relief culminated 
in the passage of the Act of June 2 7ih, 1890 

As to the necessity for the enactment of this law, it was well said 
by the Hon. Cushman K. Davis, Chairman of the Senate Com- 
mittee on Pensions, in the debate preceding its passage : 

" The difference between this bill and the pension policy as it 
is now is that, whereas under present pension legislation it is neces- 
sary by competent proof, prescribed in a particular manner by the 
Bureau of Pensions, to trace the disability or death directly to the 
casualties of the service, this bill, as in the bill which passed in the 
Forty-ninth Congress, and as in the bill which passed the Senate 
in the Fiftieth Congress, makes that unnecessary, and makes it only 
requisite to prove that the soldier either died or suffered from men- 
tal or physical disability, no matter when or how incurred, whether 
in the service or not. 

The principal reasons for this outside of and apart from its nat- 
ural justice inhere in the fact that in the lapse of time smce the 
war the mode of proof prescribed by the Pension Bureau, and by 
the law as it now i^^ and indeed any mode of proof by which it is 
reiiuired to attribute and tra( e the disease or the death by force of 
pathological connection t(; the casualties or hardships of the service, 
has become ^o difticult that in the majority of cases it is impossible 
to procure it. So there seems to have been, amon^^ the peo[)le who 
favor this kind of legislation, for some years, and it has ripened 
into an absolute conviction, strengthened as it is by the undoubted 
fact that not a man went into the war and served through its> infin- 
ite casualties and hanUhij^s and came out as well as he was before 
and without the seeds of disease in his constitution — I say it has 
become the deliberate conviction of th(;se who favor liberalized 
legislation of this chara( ter that the technical bar in the way of 

256 Thirty-third National Encampment 

proof to entitle a disabled soldier to the liberality and bounty of 
his country shall be removed. 

This bill contains the limitations and conditions that the soldier 
shall be disabled from the performance of labor in such a degree as 
to render him unable to earn a support. That is a phrase which in 
certain aspects of pension legislation exists in the body of the 
statutes to-day, and the phrase, or the equivalent of it, was used in 
the Act of March 3d, 1873. 

Further reference might be made to the debates in Congress an- 
tecedent to the passage of the Act of June 27th. 1890, and of the 
vetoed Act also as illustrating the understanding bv that body of 
the provisions of the Act, and the intent of Congress in its enact- 
ment and its clear appreciation of its results if reasonably and pro- 
perly construed and executed in the same spirit in which it was 
passed, but it is sufficient to state that such debates show a full 
appreciation by Congress of the fact that owing to the rigorous 
requirements of the then existing law it was impossible in a large 
number of meritorious claims to furnish the proof necessary to 
secure their allowance, and also the desire of Congress to enact a 
remedial and beneficent law which would cure -the wrongs com- 
plained of and enable substantial justice to be done. 

The new statute went into effect under the personal direction of 
the then President of the United States, the Secretary of the In- 
terior, and the Assistant Secretary of the Interior, three ex-soldiers 
and members of this great comradeship, all of whom are skilled in 
the law, the Chief Magistrate of the Nation, a lawyer of world- 
wide reputation and influence. Under their administration, with 
the fullest consideration of the question in the immediate presence 
and under influence of the exhaustive debates in the American 
Congress, and responsive to the public sentiment which then con- 
trolled, the then Commissioner of Pensions, October 15th, 189a, 
issued Order No. 164, which reads as follows: 

''That all claimants under the act .of June 27th, 1890, showing 
a mental or physical disability or disabilities of a permanent char- 
acter, not the result of their own vicious habits, and which inca- 
pacitate them for the performance of manual labor, rendering them 
unable to earn a support in such a degree as would be rated under 
former laws at or above six dollars and less than twelve dollars, 
shall be rated the same as like disabilities of service origin ; and 

Grand Army of the Republic 257 

that all cases showing a pensionable disability which, if of service 
origin, would be rated at or above twelve dollars per month shall 
be rated at twelve dollars per month.** 

Under this rule four hundred thousand names were added to the 
pension roll. During the nearly three years it stood as the expres- 
sion of a generous and grateful people, Congress twice made ap- 
propriations to give it continued life and vitalic effect. May ist, 
1893, under a decison rendered by the then Secretary of the In- 
terior, in the case of Charles T. Bennett, it was announced to the 
country that in the issuing of Order No. 164, that the eminent 
lawyers, the then President of the United States, the then Secretary 
of the Interior, and the then Commissioner of Pensions, all sklled 
in the construction of statutory law, had violated and displaced the 
very principle which governed ratings under the Act of June 27th, 
1890, and substituted a ruling applicable to a different law. This 
was necessary, and was unhesitatingly done in order to construct a 
logic for the destruction of Order No. 164. 

This Bennett decision set up and defined by an ingenious process 
of "special pleading,'* a diffcrrence between the basis of pension 
existing under sections 4692 and 4693, Revised Statutes, and that 
under Section 2 of the Act of June 27th, 1890. Under the first 
it held that the basis of pension ** is disability by reason of wound, 
injury, or disease, contracted while in the service and in line of 
duty.'* Under the second it argues that the basis of pension is '* in- 
capacity, due to any |)erinanent mental or physical disability not 
the result of vicious habits to such a degree as renders claimant 
unable to earn a support by manual labor." 

All invalid pensions are granted as a substitute for the impair- 
ment of the earning capac iiy of the recipient, due to some dis- 
ability. Under the law in existence j^rior to the passage of the 
Act of June 27th, 1890, this disability had to be connected by 
proof with the recipient's military service. Under the Act of 
June 27th, 1890, this rtcjuirement was done away with, the condi- 
tion being made that the disability should not be due to vi( ious 
habits, and should incapacitate fur the performance of manual 
labor to **such a degree as to render them unable to earn a sup- 
port.** The standard of comparison between the disabled and the 
able-bodied must always be the incapacity ot the disabled as com- 
pared to the capacity of the able-bodied. 


258 Thirty-third National Encampment 

It was never the intention of Congress to fix any different 
standard for the rating of disabilities under the Act of June 27th, 
1890, than was fixed under the pension laws in force prior to the 
passage of such Act. It will be noted that in the remarks of the 
Chairman of the Senate Committee on Pensions, he refers to the 
clause ''shall be disabled from the performance of labor in such a 
degree as to render him unable to earn a support*' as contained in 
the Act, and states that this phrase then existed in the body of the 
statutes, and the phrase, or the equivalent of it, was used in the 
Act of March 3d, 1873. 

But the Bennett decision was ingeniously drawn, and, under the 
guise of the discovery of radical error and the exhibition of profound 
legal knowledge, accomplished a predetermined object and a cold- 
blooded result. As is known to all men this decision was born at 
a time when it was necessary to reduce public expenditures in order 
to adjust the same to a reduced income, and the pension appropria- 
tion, constituting as it did the largest item of expenditure, presented 
the most convenient branch to the pruning knife. It was necessary 
to [have a surplus, or at least a clean balance. The Bennett de- 
cision was rendered; Order No. 164 was revoked ; and thus the 
blood of the soldiers became the seed of the surplus. 

Under date of June 9, 1893, Order No. 225 was issued, as follows : 

Department of the Interior, Bureau of Pensions. 

Washington, D. C, June 9th, 1893. 
Order No. 22^. 

As to adjudicating and fixing rates of pension under the Act of 
June 27th, 1890. 

(i) A claim for pension under the second section of the Act of 
June 27th, 1890, can only be allowed upon proof of mental or 
physical disability of a permanent character, not the result of the 
claimant's own vicious habits, incapacitating him from the perfor- 
mance of manual labor in such a degree as to render him unable to 
earn a support. 

(2) No specific injury or disability can as such have a pen- 
sionable ratmg under that Act nor be considered otherwise than as 
it effects the capacity of the claimant to perform ordinary manual 

(3) Proof that the disability is not the result of the claimant's 
own vicious habits is requisite, and therefore the causes and 
circumstances of the origin of the disability should be shown by 
the evidence furnished in support of the claim for pension, so far as 
can be done, and by persons other than the claimant. 

Grand Army of the Republic 259 

(4) To give the claimant a pensionable status under this Act, the 
disability must be such as to incapacitate him from the performance 
of manual labor in such a degree as to render him unable to earn a 
support, yet the Act recognizes differences in the degree of such 
pensionable disability, giving twelve dollars per month in case of 
the greatest and six dollars per month in case ot the lowest degree 
of such pensionable disability rendering the claimant unable to earn 
a support by manual labor. It also provides for intermediate ratings 
proportioned for the intermediate degrees of such pensionable 
disability. The proper ratings under this Act will therefore be 
made in accordance with such rules for rating as the Medical 
Referee shall prescribe, subject to the approval of the Commissioner 
of Pensions. 

Order 225, as will be seen, follows closely in the line of the 
doctrine set forth in the Bennett decision. Where, under the 
former practice, if an invalid applicant for pension was found 
upon examination to be suffering from two or more disabilities, the 
aggregate of which would entitle him to the rating of six, eight, 
ten, or twelve dollars per month under said Act according to the 
degree of the total of his disability. Under Order 225 a claimant's 
disabilities were no longer considered collectively, but each 
individual disability was looked on as though each one existed in a 
different person, and unless one of the disabililies claimed for 
caused a disability equal to the minimum rate fixed by the Act (six 
dollars per month for a degree of disability one-half of total), no 
rating was given and the claim was rejected upon the ground of no 

Rule 225 still remains in practical effect, although it is claimed 
there have been modifications in the practice. Under Decision 
No. 86, bearing date of July 12th 1899, the Honorable, the 
Assistant Secretary of the Interior, held in the appeal case of: 


** I. Pensions under section 2 of the Act of June 27th, 1890, cannot be 
rated as under sections 4692 and 4693, Revised Statutes, or the Act of 
August 27th, 1888. 

•' 2. To be ratable under the second section of the Act of June 27th, 
1890, a disability must not only be of a permanent character, not the re- 
sult of claimant's vicious habits, but must incapacitate him for the 
performance of manual l,il)or, and that in a degree rendering him unable 
to earn a support. 

"3. Total deafness of one ear only is not a pensionable condition 
under said Act." 

26o Thirty-third National Encampment 

In discussing the appeal the Honorable the Assistant Secretary 
says : 

*' Order 164 was an extremely liberal construction of the law as to 
rating under the act of June 27th, 1890 ; indeed it could not be consist- 
ently maintained when the terms of the Act were compared with former 
laws. On the other hand. Order 225, as put into effect and as formerly 
construed, went to the other extreme, and in many cases resulted in 
great injustice to claimants. This was remedied in a large measure by 
a more liberal construction of said order, which on its face, is not re- 
garded objectionable, properly construed, but much depends upon how 
it is construed." 

Concluding, he uses these significant words : — 

** It will be observed that in the last clause of Order 225 the question 
of rating is left largely at the discretion of the medical referee, subject 
to the approval of the Commissioner of Pensions. 

** As already indicated, much depends upon the construction given to 
the law and the order (225) now in force. It should be borne in mind 
that the average age of the surviving soldiers who were in the war of the 
rebellion is sixty years or upward. If is not an unreasonable presump- 
tion that nearly all are in some degree mentally or ph>sically disabUd. 
The spirit of the law and the circumstances attending its enactment cer- 
tainly warrant the conclusion that a liberal interpretation should be 
given and relief granted, at least at the minimum rate, if an appreciable 
disability, which impairs ability for self-support by manual labor is shown 
to exist." 

Order 164 followed quickly on the enactment of the law of June 
27th, 1890, and was unquestionably in keeping with the expressed 
will of the American Congress and the Chief Executive of the 
Nation. It is conceded to have been, to use the words of the 
Assistant Secretary, "an extremely liberal construction,'* but not 
more liberal, as the Assistant Secretary forcibly puts it, than '* the 
circumstances attending its enactment certainly warrant." The 
Defenders of the Republic did not measure their voluntary service 
by fractions, but offered to their country a complete unit — their all. 
They cannot now fathom the depths of a complex system of eigh- 
teenths and their subdivisions into minute classifications, expressed 
in words not embraced in the vocabulary employed by them in the 
stern school of loyalty, in the days when the Nation's life hung in 
the balance. They refuse to accept, ;<s conclusive, a certificate of 
perfect health from a Board of Review silting at the Capitol of the 
Nation, while they suffer from inflamed muscles, impaired eyesight, 

Grand Army of the Republic 261 

dulled hearing, fast stiffening joints and restricted pulsations of 
that organ which once sent the life current swiftly coursing through 
patriotic bodies as they kept step to the music of the Union. The 
National Encampments since 1893 have uniformly condemned 
Order No. 225 as harsh, cruel and unjust, and we again feel fully 
justified in earnestly seeking relief from its baneful influence. We 
respectfully submit that the rule which controlled in the inter- 
pretation of the Act of June 27th, 1890, from October 15th, 1890, 
to June 9th, 1893, is as good law now as it was then. The statute 
has not been chmged and the industrial and financial conditions of 
the country to-day are not essentially different from those of nine 
years ago. 

Your Committee has sought to know the law. We would not affect 
entire disregard of the influences naturally dominating the minds of 
the Comrades in the consideration of questions affecting their inter- 
ests, nor would we have it understood that we differ from other men 
where interests essentially personal as affecting a great class of 
citizens are considered, but we affirm without qualification that by 
the best means at command we have sought the right and the law 
of this case. Appreciating the unique position occupied by the 
Union soldiers and sailors of the Republic, we appeal to the best 
judgment of those qualified to pass upon the question, affirming 
this to be the true intent of section 2 of the Act of June 27th, 1890. 

A very old and sound rule says that words in law must be so 
construed as to further the purpose of the law, if that can reason- 
ably be done. 

This law does not require that the disability shall be traced to 
something that occurred to the soldier while in service. It asks : — 

1. Did he serve in the War of the Rebellion for at least ninety 
days ? 

2. Was he honorably discharged ? 

3. Is he suffering from a mental or a physical disability of a per- 
manent character, not the result of his own vicious habits, which 
incapacitates him fro;n the performance of manual labor in such a 
degree as to render him unable to earn a support ? 

If his proof makes answer ** yes" to each and all of these ques- 
tions, his name ought to go upon the pension roll. 

The manifest purpose of this law is to place upon the pension 
roll disabled soldiers whose disability is of a permanent character. 

262 Thirty-third National Encampment 

provided they served the statutory time, were honorably discharged, 
and did not, by vicious habits, contribute to the disabiHty. 

To so construe the word '*a" as to refuse a pension unless some 
one deficiency as to eyes, ear, heart, leg, or arm incapacitated him, 
and to refuse a pension where, as a result of partial defects in 
several limbs and organs owing to different causes, he cannot esCrn 
a living by manual labor, would nullify the law as to many. The 
material mattfers are the incapacity to labor and its permanency. 

The law intended to keep permanently disabled soldiers of the 
War of the Rebellion, who cannot by manual labor support them- 
selves, out of the poorhouse, provided they had served at least 
ninety days and were not viciously in fault. *' A" must be so con- 
strued as to aid that purpose unless reason forbids. Can common 
sense say that Congress intended to exclude from this bounty any 
permanently disabled soldier of ninety days or more who was not 
in fault as to his disability? Until common sense can answer 
'* yes,*' and give a good reason for such exclusion, ** a" must help 
and not oppose the purpose of the law. 

The Act of June 27th, 1890, provides that ** pension shall com- 
mence from the date of the filing of the application in the Pension 
Office after the passage of this Act, upon proof that the disability 
then existed, and shall continue during the existence of the same." 
From the passage of the Act and until 1893 the Pension Bureau 
dated the commencement of the pension, in an application filed 
thereunder, from the date of the filing of such application. In some 
cases where an applicant was ordered before an examining board 
and the board making the examination reported the applicant as 
not disabled in a pensionable degree, upon the filing of medical 
evidence controverting the adverse report of the examining board 
the applicant was again ordered for examination, and if the report 
of such second examination was favorable his pension was granted 
to commence from the date of the filing of his application. This 
practice was eminently proper and just to the claimant, for the 
reason that the Government accepted the favorable report made by 
the second examining board, when such favorable report contro- 
verted the adverse report made by the first examining board. If 
the applicant furnished evidence showing that he was disabled at 
the date of the filing of his application it was presumed that the 
report of the first board who examined him was an error. This 

Grand Army of the Republic 263 

gave to an applicant the arrears of pension covering the period 
from the date of the filing of his original application and in some 
cases amounting to quite a sum of money. 

It was also held sufficient if the applicant alleged in his applica- 
tion that he was disabled ; and he was not required to define with 
exactness the specific nature of his disabilities. For instance if an 
applicant stated that he was suffering from and disabled by an 
affection of the back, and it was subsequently fouud upon medical 
examination that the disability so affecting the applicant was lum- 
bago or rheumatism, his general allegation of the affection of back 
was held to be sufficient and he was pensioned accordingly, from 
the date of the filing of his application. 

With the change of policy in 1893 ^^^ practice of filing '* sup- 
plemental declaration " was born. Thus, for instance, if an appli- 
cant had filed his claim in July, 1890, and such claim remained 
unadjudicated in 1893, ^"^ ^^^ allowance was apparently inevitable, 
say at six dollars per month, the minimum rate prescribed by the 
Act, or seventy-two dollars per annum, and the arrears of pension 
for three years could be cut off, a saving to the Government of 
$216 could be made. If this could be accomplished in thousands 
of cases and under color of law, or in such a way as to give it some 
semblance of legality, the saving would be immense. No one 
would suffer except the humble applicants, and they could be con- 
soled by an ingeniously written decision, which if they could read 
and understand, it would make theni tliankful that their pensions 
were commenced at all, and that they were permitted the privilege 
of drawing them in the future. In the case of Charles J. Bryant 
(Secretary's Pension Decisions, Vol, 7, page 299, December 20, 
1894), it was held : 

'* If the original declaration sets forth the existence of certain 
disabling causes, and none whatever are found upon examination, 
no pension may be allowed, and further adjudication must be 
dependent upon the filing of a new declaration." 

This decision instituted the |)ractice of filing what are known as 
'* supplemental declarations " under the Act of June 27lh, 1890. 
The effect of this practice niiy be briefly recited. If A filed an 
application for j)ension under the said Act in i»S92, and was 
examined a year thereafter by an examining board who reported 
that he was not disabled in a pensionable degree he was required 

264 Thirty-third National Encan^ment 

before he could secure a reconsideration of his claim, to file a new 
or "supplemental declaration " and to support the same by medical 
evidence showing, as a matter of fact, that he was disabled, by 
reason of the causes alleged in his original declaration and in such 
supplemental declaration. He was then again ordered for examin- 
ation, and if the board who exaitiined him under such second order 
reported that they found him disabled and recommended that he 
be granted a pension, his pension when allowed was made to 
commence from the date of the filing of the ** supplemental declara- 
tion," thus causing him a loss of one year's pension. In many 
cases several ** supplemental declarations " have been required and 
have been filed, and in thousands of cases the average loss to 
applicants has been two, three, or more years* arrears of pension. 

Congress, recognizing the injustice of this practice, under date 
of March 6th, 1896, passed a law providing as follows : — 

*' That whenever a claim for pension under the Act of June 27th, 
1890, has been or shall hereafter be, rejected, suspended, or dis- 
missed, and a new application shall have been, or shall hereafter 
be, filed, and a pension has been, or shall hereafter be, allowed in 
such claim, such pension shall date from the time of the filing oi 
the first application, provided the evidence in the case shall show a 
pensionable disability to have existed, or to exist, at the time of 
filing such first application, anything in any law or ruling of the 

Department to the contrary notwithstanding." 


In construing this law it is held that the words, ** provided the 
evidence in the case shall show a pensionable disability to have 
existed, or to exist at the time of filing such first application" that 
the first or adverse report of an examining board is incontrovertible 
by any evidence which the applicant could furnish as well as by the 
favorable report of the second board which examined the applicant, 
although such second report was ultimately accepted as showing 
the true physical condition of the applicant. It is affirmed that the 
Act of M-.rch 6th, 1896, changed in no material manner the 
conditions either indisposition or practice on the part of the Pen- 
sion Bureau with relation to the injustice which the said Act was 
intended to cure, and that out of the great mass of applicants the 
number of those who have been benefited by its provisions would 
not be sufficient to constitute a corporal's guard. 

The Act of June 27th, 1890, provides pension at the rate of eight 

Grand Army of the Republic. 265 

dollars per month for the widow of a soldier or sailor ** who served 
for the period of ninety days or more in the army or navy of the 
United States during the War of the Rebellion and who was 
honorably discharged, leaving the widow without other means of 
support than her daily labor." 

Surely the American Congress in this enactment intended to 
manifest the Nation's most generous appreciation of honorable 
military and naval service ; and to at last give emphatic effect to 
the words of the immortal Lincoln : '* To care for him who shall 
have borne the battle, and for his widow and orphans." At least — 
so hoped the Grand Army — the "widow" is not to thread her lonely 
way along the frigid pa^ii hedged about by* 'Departmental decisions.*' 
The wife who proudly welcomed the return of the soldier-husband, 
and gladly, lovingly, trustingly helped ** to bind up the Nation's 
wounds,** was the least able to bear ingratitude after death claimed 
her natural protector. The soldier's widow was not exempt from 
the results of the effort to economize by pruning pensions. It was 
determined that where the widow of a soldier was in possession of 
means from which an income of eight dollars a month was derived, 
or derivable, such widow was not entitled to a pension as being 
dependent within the meaning of the Act. On the 21st of May, 
1897, the National Pension Committee of the Grand Army pre- 
sented to the present Commissioner of Pensions, among others, this 
requ:ist for a ruling : — 

" 12 Relative to the amount of income a widow may have and be 
entitled to Pension under the Act of June 27th, 1890 : The suggestion 
here is ^500 per annum ; we do not a^rt-e to so large a sum, but think 
possibly an income of from $200 to $1500 might be allowed and yet give 
the widow title to a pension." 

In order to give opportunity for further consideration of the 
suggestion made by the National Committee on Pensions, the 
memoranda was then submitted to the Board of Review of the 
Pension Bureau, ami on the item of widows' income this report 
was submitted : 

"12. Also, that the provisions of the Act of June 27th, 1890, relative 
to the 'means of support other than her daily labor, of a widow claim- 
ant under the Act, should be interpreted so as to read: 'That before 
she shall be entitled to a i)_Mision under the provisions of said law, she 
shall prove that her net inc ome does not exceed $500 per annum.* " 

266 Thirty-third National Encampment 

The memoranda thus submitted was referred to the First Deputy 
Commissioner and a prominent officer ot the Bureau, and on May 
26th they reported on this item in these words : 

"Section 12. The amount recommended by the Committee — five 
hundred dollars. It would be a humane and just provision to make the 
amount of income not to exceed two hundred and fifty dollars, as a 
means of support other than her daity labor, in the claims of widows 
under the Act of June 27th, 1890. Before such a rule could be adopted, 
it would be necessary to vacate the decision in the case of Katharine 
Klein (7 P. D., 278) and others bearing upon same subject. 

Thereupon and soon after, certainly before January, 1898, the 
Commissioner of Pensions recommended to the Honorable the 
Secretary of the Interior, the adoption of this sum, 8250 a year, as 
the maximum income of a widow, barring her right to a pension, 
instead of ninety-six dollars a year under the rule then in force. 
The recommendation was not concurred in, and the ninety-six 
dollar limitation remains in effect. Your Committee brought these 
matters to the attention of the President July 12th of this year. 
Lawyers disagree as to the meaning of the statute, and there seems 
to be no reason why the plain intent of Congress may not be plainly 
stated and thus set at rest, and forever, all dispute on this question. 

It is not to be denied that honorable and patriotic men differ on 
the construction of this law, and honestly differ. The Grand 
Army will not be justified in arbitrarily refusing to avail itself of 
the legitimate means available to attempt correction of wrongs 
complained of. As the matter now stands, the law officers of the 
Government give to the Act of June 27th, 1890, one effect; we 
respectfully dissent from their views. With the American Congress 
rests the determination of the questions at issue. 

Your Committee believes that with the re-assembling of that 
body the Act may be so amended as to remove all doubt as to the 
meaning and intent of the law, and that ihe attention of Congress 
will be directed to the subject in the Annual Message of our Com- 
rade the President. Relief from any other source does not now 
seem probable. 

Grand Army of the Republic 267 


Statement of Pension Claims Filed and Allowed During Fiscal 

Year Ending June jolh, i8^g. 
General laws : — 

Total Total 

Filed Allowed 




Original invalid 




Original widows, ^c. 




Original war with Spain . 
Total general laws . . . 





Act of June 27th, 1890 :— 


Original invalid* 




Original widows, &c. . . 



24,582 8,165* 

Total Act of 1890 .... 20,705 32,826 20,705 32,826t 

Increases, General laws 34,330 22,460 

Actof June 27th, 1890 31,770 25,603 

Total filed 111,387 89,054t 

Total number of pensioners June 30th, 1898 993,714 

Totalnumberof pensioners June 30ih, 1899 991,519 

Decrease of 2,195 

Dropped during fiscal year — By death 34,345 

Dropped during fiscal year — By remarriage, minors failure to 

claim, and other causes 8,841 

Total 43,186 

New names added to pension roll 40,991 

Names dropped . 43,186 

Total pensions paid for year $138,253,922 91 

Total appropriation 140,000,000 00 

Surplus covered into treasury 1,746,077 09 

Attorneys disqualified during: year — Disbarred 63 

Suspended 10 

Dropped .... 2 

Revocation of admission ... 1 

Total 76 

Total number standinj^ (lisi)arred July 1st, 1899 1,163 

*OM law. tNew law. JCertificalci issued 

^68 Thirty-third National Encampment 

By the order of the Acting Commander-in-Chief, the National 
Committee on Pensions with the Acting Commander-in-Chief held 
a three days* session in Washington City, July lolh to 12th. The 
•Committee called upon the President of the United Stales and was 
accorded an interview not limited as to time. The action of the 
Thirty-first National Encampment at Buffalo, and of the Thirty- 
second National Encampment at Cincinnati was officially brought 
to his attention, and he evinced a soldierly interest in all that was 
presented for his consideration. The practical results of that inter- 
view have been presented in this report. Our Comrade, the 
President, bade us say to the great comradeship of which he is a 
member, that he shall always, as the Chief Executive of the Nation, 
esteem it a sacred duty to execute the laws, in letter and spirit, 
providing pensions for the soldiers, sailors, and marines of the 
Republic and their dependent ones. Burdened by great responsibili- 
ties and charged with the conduct of a war with a foreign nation 
and people, he could not give attention to details of the several 
Departments of the Government as in time of peace. The Committee 
called on the Honorable Secretary of the Interior, and also on the 
Commissioner of Pensions, and presented complaints as to the 
administration of the Pension Bureau. As an incident of this 
meeting the word went to the country that the Pension Bureau was 
under investigation by this Committee. This brought, in the 
succeeding weeks, thousands of letters from tvery section of the 
country, addressed to the individual members of the Committee, 
each letter a complaint as to existing conditions in the administra- 
tion of the Pension Bureau. To classify these complaints would 
require much time and space, and to pass upon their merits would 
involve a vast amount of research conducted by experts in pension 
matters, and not possible by your Committee on Pensions. To sum 
it all up, the burden of complaint is against the enforcement. of Rule 
No. 225, and the widows' clause, barring pensions at an income of 
^96.00 a year. Neither, as we believe, is in keepmg with the spirit 
of the law. A soldier's widow should not be permitted to suffer in 
this land of plenty, and we stoutly insist that Rule No. 225 should 
be abrogated and Rule No. 164 re-established. 

Unfriendly critics still challenge the purity of the pension roll. 
The Grand Army of the Republic pledged to ''honor and purity in 
public affairs" respectfully demands specifications, not general 

Grand Army of the Republic 269 

statements, and points to its unmatched record as soldiers and 
citizens totally obedient to the statutes. No class of men has so 
well learned the lessons of unquestioning obedience to law and 
unwavering loyalty to the flag and Americanism as the men who 
wear the little bronze button. The officials of the Government 
adjudicate claims for pensions, and if there be unworthy names on 
the roll, the men who refuse to invoke the legal machinery of the 
courts to blot them out are neither sincere nor patriotic in their 
fierce denunciation of alleged wrongdoing. No man has a right to 
parade the moral weakness of the possibly corrupt few, to create preju- 
dice against the most sacred rights of the honest many. It were better 
not to confine one's self to tales of vice and fraud, but rather to tell 
of an occasional discovery of merit and honest virtue relieved in 
order that the world may know that the moral degeneracy of the 
closing years of the Nineteenth Century is not confined to the 
survivors of the War of the Rebellion, and the heirs of such as have 
passed away. It is fair to assume that the average man having the 
virtue of patriotism in a sufficient degree to offer to lay down his life 
for his country in fighting her battles for freedom, is free from intent 
to defraud. Decencyshould be presumed on the part of the defenders 
of the Republic. The Grand Army, representing the ex-Union 
soldiers and sailors of the United States, and their heirs, having' in 
mind the glorious past, surpassed only by the possibilities unfolding,, 
and to be unfolded in the future, pleads for justice. More is not 
desired ; with less, this great comradeship and all it represents will 
not be satisfied. 

R. H. BROWN, ^ 

TNG. PALMKR. Committee 

, ,,, ^.^.^,.r^ > on 





Comrade Brown : This report is signed by Comrades Brown, 
Palmer, Burst and Adams. Comrade Case, a member of this com- 
mittee, who has bt'cn active and was with us at one of the meetings 
at Washington, is not here. I am not advised why he is not here. 
I know of no reason for his absence. He has not signed this re- 

Comrade Ketchum, of Indiana: I move that the report be 
received and referred to the Committee on Resolutions with in- 

270 Thirty-third National Encampment 

structions to formulate and report a resolution thereupon, and that 
in the meantime this report be printed and delivered to each 
member of this Encampment on its reconvening to-morrow morn- 
ing. Upon that I want to say just one word. I think that the 
thanks of this Encampment are due to the committee that has so 
carefully and clearly stated the results of their investigations. It 
is in the air that this Encampment will make a declaration . that 
does not cover an hour in the reading. We will accept the facts, 
I take it, as they come from the committee, but this Encampment 
is composed of men that do their own thinking. I submit that it 
ought to go to the proper committee, the Committee on Resolutions, 
for formulation, and then with this report primed so that we can 
know what is before us and not simply have to bear it in mind from 
the reading, we can act intelligently and conscientiously. 

Comrade Coney, of Kansas : I desire to second the motion 
of the Comrade from Indiana, I have great and profound inter- 
est in the pension question, as a comrade and as a citizen. I think 
the labors of this committee deserve the highest commendation of 
the members of this Encampment, as they do of the public at 
large. I have listened to its words for the first time to-day, and it 
bears evidence of profound research, of sincerity, frankness and 
plain statement, but as the comrade from Indiana has so truthfully 
said, its full consideration should be referred to the Committee on 
Resolutions which should formulate and report to this Encampment 
a resolution that shall carry into effect the purposes of that report. 
I believe that the Committee on Resolutions in accordance with 
the statement of the comrade from Indiana are of the highest char- 
acter of men and like ourselves are thinking for themselves, and 
that they will bring to this Encampment a report and resolution 
that shall carry into effect that report and one that we will almost 
unanimously endorse. It is our duty in maintaining our dignity, 
and therefore I second the motion of the comrade from Indiana. 
I also desire to amend by moving that the thanks of this Encamp- 
ment be given to the Committee on Pensions. 

Comrade Tanner, of New York : With all respect I differ 
markedly from my distinguished comrades from Indiana and Kan- 
sas. I have never seen a National Encampment of the Grand 
Army pay closer attention and I am certain they have never listened 

Grand Army of the Republic 271 

to a report that had more earnestness and more conscience nor yet 
greater intelligence in it, and I for one desire no time to make up 
my mind. I am ready to vote for the adoption of that resolution, 
and if it does not go as far as I would desire on specific lines that 
can be provided for later. But for one and speaking for the 
Chairman of the Committee on Resolutions and for a few others 
of our committee we do not desire it in our committee. It it is to 
be given elaborate consideration, if gentlemen desire more light 
upon it, let us settle it here and now. We used to settle questions 
in the old days when they came up. Postponements were bad in 
those days. I am in favor of the adoption of that report as it 
stands, here and now, and I earnestly hope that the word will not 
go out that there was any doubt or hesitancy in this body. We have 
listened closely to the report of a committee who have proven their 
intelligence and their efficiency and as far as it goes let us give it 
the endorsement of our prompt vote. 

Comrade McElroy, of The Potomac : I am heartily in fa- 
vor of the motion presented by Comrade Ketchum of Indiana, if 
it is mechanically possible, which I very gravely doubt, at this late 
hour of the afternoon. Now, comrades, the most important ques- 
tion that we can discuss in this Encampment is this Report of the 
Committee on Pensions and there is nothing else that will come 
before this Encampment that has anything like the interest for the 
people of this country as has this report. We desire the freest 
consideration. We do not want" to take any snap judgment. We 
who are opposed to the administration of Commissioner Evans 
have come here to discuss this thing fully and completely. We 
want to hear everythin*^ that can be said on the other side. We 
feel that we are entirely competent to meet any arguments that may 
be made by any of his defenders or apologists, but we want the 
whole facts to come Ijefore the Encampment. If it were possible 
to get that printed to-ni^ht and put in the hands of every member 
of this Encampment early to-morrow morning, I should be in favor 
of it, but I doubt it very much, and I fear very much that we will 
waste the valuable time of this Encampment in waiting for that 
report. I think that while the report is very elaborate and has 
gone to great length upon all the questions presented, when we 
come to the di^( us>ion we can get down to the vital principles very 
quickly and make it s() clear that it will not be necessary to have it 

272 Thirty-third National Encampment 

printed. I think, therefore, looking at the difficulties that are go- 
ing to be found in setting that up and having it thoroughly con- 
sidered to-morrow morning that the best thing is to go ahead and 
consider this report at once, and I shall, therefore, oppose the 
motion and move that we proceed to the consideration of this 

The Chaplain-in- Chief : I think I listened as intently as 
anybody could to that report. It seems very clear to my mind 
that they would like to have a change made in the- present regula- 
tions of the Department. One part of the report seems to ask that 
we shall appeal to Congress for that change and another part seems 
to be that we shall appeal to the Commissioner of Pensions. It 
seems to me we ought to have a clear understanding as to the exact 
meaning of the report in that tespect. Are we to appeal now to 
the present Commissioner of Pensions and through him to the 
President, to have the present order changed and go back to the 
old order of 1892, is that the purpose of this report? If it is, then 
amen to that. Or are we to leave the present Commissioner of 
Pensions and the Department and go at once to Congress and ask 
the passage of a law that shall restore the old order of 1892? I 
confess frankly I do not understand which one of these courses this 
committee recommends and I feel that this report ought to come 
to us with a little more specific recommendation than it has now. 
I believe we had better refer the report back to the committee to 
formulate some specific recommendations and present them here. 

Comrade Palmer, of Nebraska : This matter is one of vital 
importance to the Grand Army and I do think that we ought to 
do this in decency and in order, and that a little delay will not do 
any harm. To-morrow morning, by our consent, every paper here 
will contain this report. Then let our Committee on Resolutions 
formulate a resolution for us to vote upon intelligently. 

Comrade Ketchum : Just qne word. If the comrade who 
listened so intently to the reading of the report heard a resolution 
accompanying it he listened more intently than it was possible for 
me to do or any other member of this Encampment, for there was 
no resolution there for him to hear ; and it is because there was no 
resolution there for him or me or all of us to hear that I suggested 
that it go to the proper committee to formulate a resolution so that 

Grand Army of the Republic 273 

the Commissioner and the Chaplain-in-Chief and the common 
people here may understand what we intend to say. And in order 
that we may understand intelligently what is wanted by the com- 
rade from the Potomac, and what we who are not from the 
Potomac wish, we want the report of the committee in our hands 
so that when some comrade says confidently upon the floor that 
the committee has said one thing and we did not hear it, we 
may know what has really been said and may be sure of what 
we want to say. 

Comrade Sickles, of New York : I listened to that report 
with a great deal of attention and interest and with great admira- 
tion for the research and the great ability with which it has been 
prepared ; and I think it due to the committee that this body 
should consider that report with some degree of deliberation, and 
in that way pay a tribute of respect to the committee for its work. 
As I understand the report, from an attentive listening, no sub- 
stantial criticism is made upon the legislation of Congress with 
regard to pensions, and that the legislation on the subject is satis- 
factory to the committee. I, therefore, see no reason for going to 
Congress for a remedy for existing troubles. The committee 
points out clearly that the difficulty is not with the law, but with 
the construction of the law. The construction of the law of pen- 
sions is not confided to the courts as perhaps it should have been, 
but is confided to certain adn.inistrativo officers, the Secretary of 
the Interior, the Assistant Secretary of the Interior and the Com- 
missioner of Pensions. Now, if the remedy is to be found in a wiser 
and juster construction of the law and not in the law itself, we have 
no occasion to wait for congressional action, but must center our 
fire squarely and directly upon the men responsible for the con- 
struction of the law. Do not let us scatter our fire wide of the 
mark. I want to say to my comrades that when I was in Congress 
not long ago and found it my duty to attack men responsible for 
the false construciiun of the pension laws, I found a statute not as 
familiar to all of you, I am afraid, as it ouglu to be ; I found a stat- 
ute unique and exceptional in the legislation of this government, a 
statute enacted by Congress in the early history of pension legisla- 
tion, which sliows the profound , interest of the American people, 
reflected in Congress for the just and honorable and fair execution 


274 Thirty-third National Encampment 

of the pension laws. That statute imposes directly and squarely 
upon the President of the United States sole and exclusive respon- 
sibility for the execution of our pension laws. I wish I had some 
of my notes of those debates with me and I could refer you to 
that statute, but any one here who has a copy of the pension laws 
can readily refer to it. Now, Mr. Chairman, I would not waste 
any more time with the Secretary of the Interior or with the 
Commissioner of Pensions, but I would ask this body through a 
proper committee to go directly to the President of the United 
States and ask him to place a just and true construction upon the 
law of 1890, thereby restoring, if you please, the original order 
pointed out by the committee and conceded to be just which 1 sup- 
pose was the order of President Harrison, or issued in his time, 
and as I understand the report of the committee, a restoration of 
the original order under the Act of 1890 with the establishment of 
a just construction of the act in relation to widows gives us all the 
remedies we desire. He can do it. I, for one, will not doubt that 
Comrade McKinley will perform his duty to the comrades of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. Once you point out to him that 
the law of the land places upon him the responsibility of a just and 
fair execution of our pension laws, my word for it, Comrade Mc- 
Kinley will perform his duty in the matter. These are some of the 
reasons and I could give others if my voice was in better condition, 
which admonish me to weigh this report with deliberation. Let us 
give a few hours to it, let us reflect upon it, let us have it printed if 
possible and act upon it to-morrow. We have waited some years 
for the investigation of this matter, this committee of yours has 
given weeks and months to its study, let us sleep over it and come 
here to-morrow prepared to act upon it with deliberation. If I 
should venture to make a motion, it would be that the report of 
the committee be adopted and that a committee of fifteen or such 
number as may be agreeable to the Encampment, be appointed to 
make such representations to the President on the subject as the 
adoption of the report making it the judgment of this body shall 

Comrade Musson, of Indiana ; As in the olden days of 
'61 to '65, we are here for business. There is an enemy that is 
abroad in this country against the Grand Ar-my of the Republic 
and we want to uncover that enemy and when we get him uncov- 

Grand Army of the Republic 275 

ered we want to shoot the life out of him ; and we want to be very 
careful that our friends do not conceal the enemy in this organiza- 
tion. I want to say to you now that there are many things that 
ought to be said with reference to this matter and I think that .in a 
measure we are on the right track when we get this amendment of 
our Comrade Ketcham. The report of that committee, if I could 
understand it, was wonderfully full of facts that are of supreme 
importance to this organization. Of this there absolutely can be 
no question, but when you come to give the specific lines of the 
things that we want and that the Department of Indiana, the De- 
partment of Ohio and many other departments of this great com- 
radeship have given instructions about, we come up here and we 
may sit here, if it takes until doomsday to accomplish the purpose 
for which we are sent. Let us stand by the guns until the whole 
business is clearly and distinctly and emphatically before this 
Encampment. Let us not adjourn, let us not be put off the 
track, but let us, as the Chaplain-in-Chief has said, have some- 
thing specific, which the committee has failed to give us, in the 
line of resolutions. The information is abundant, but we want to 
have this business so that when we go back the comradeship of 
Indiana will not say **Why did you submit to that whitewashing?*' 
They have been writing to me from the Great Commonwealth of 
Indiana and the great comradeship there, *' they are bound to 
cover this thing up, don't you submit to it," and by the instruc- 
tions of the Department of Indiana and by the comradeship that 
is behind us we stand here asking that this thing may be as open as 
the brightness of tlie noonday sun that we may see clearly and go 
back and report as clearly as we see. 

Comrade Smith, of Minnesota : I desire to make a short 
statement. The committee which has reported in such an admira- 
ble way has given us facts, there are no recommendations, and if 
we adopt this rej^ort we simply adopt a statement of facts. I think 
that the proper way would be to adopt the motion that was made 
some time ago, that this report be referred to the Committee on 
Resolutions, and let them report again to the Encampment, with 
the report of the committee as originally made, and a resolution 
embodying the sentiment of this body. Supposing we adopt this 
report — we have simply adopted history. 

276 Thirty-third National Encampment 

As has been well stated by the comrade from Indiana, we want 
some definite declaration of the sentiment of this Encampment, 
and I do not believe we will go away without it. Our Comrade 
Sickles, whom we all love, has made a statement with regard to the 
President of the United States having in some peculiar way under 
his special control the administration of the pension laws. With 
all due deference, I think he must be in error. Here is a copy of 
the pension laws, and all that have ever been adopted, or all that 
are now in force ; and if any comrade on the floor of this Encamp- 
ment can point out how the President of the United States has 
anything more to do with pension laws than he has with custom 
laws I will be glad to have it pointed out. The President of the 
United States takes an oath of office, that he will support the Con- 
stitution of the United States, and see that its laws are enforced, 
but not pension laws particularly ; and by shifting the shoe we fail 
to meet the questions that have been so well presented by this com- 
mittee, I hope ultimately that the report will be adopted, and that 
the thanks of this Encampment will be given to that committee for 
having done its work so well. It has made no recommendations, 
but it has given this Encampment all the light that it needs. 

Comrade Gardner, of Michigan ; I desire to say a few words 
and supplement them with a motion. I listened to this report, as 
did the Encampment, with great interest. I confess, after the care- 
ful investigation, to a disappointment that the committee made no 
specific recommendation. That is what this Encampment wants, 
and not generalities — not simply information, but action ; and we 
cannot have specific action without something definite. I am not 
in favor of the motion of the comrade from Indiana. The Com- 
mittee on Resolutions, able as it is, cannot take up this exhaustive 
report, burdened as that committee is with numerous resolutions, 
coming from all over this great organization, and give proper time 
and consideration to it in the limited time before them. I hesitate 
to question the distinguished soldier and statesman whom we all 
honor — thankful that his life is spared and that he has that interest 
in this cause that brings him here, crippled and suffering as he is — 
but I wonder that the committee, in its careful investigation, failed 
to see, if it is a fact, that the duty of giving construction to the 
law in this particular case is upon the President of the Uni-ted 

Grand Army of the Republic 277 

States. I am surprised that the committee did not report such, if 
it is the case. This committee is a standing committee, and it has 
been charged for a full year with the responsibility of this report ; 
it knows, or ought to know, what can be recommended for the best 
interests of the great body of men that are back of us. We are 
on the firing line to-day, we are the advance guard, not to pillage 
the Treasury of the United States, not to compromise the Grand 
Army of the Republic with this mighty i>eople back of it, but we 
are here as the representatives of the million battle-scarred veterans 
in their homes, we are here as the representatives of the widows 
and the orphans of our comrades dead, we are here, if it is possible, 
to have that which is our right and our due, and I make this mo- 
tion, that the whole subject be re-committed to the standing Com- 
mittee on Pensions, to make a specific report co-morrow morning to 
this Encampment, and that in the meantime the resolution of 
Comrade Ketcham, or so much of it as refers to printing this re- 
port, be carried into effect. I make that as an amendment to the 
motion ; that is, that it be re-committed to the Committee on 
Pensions, and that the report of the committee be printed in the 
meantime, and submitted to the Encampment to-morrow morning. 

Comrade O'Donnell, of Illinois: I would agree with the 
comrade who has just taken his seat, and the comrade from Indiana, 
that this be printed, if it was a physical possibility. I do not 
believe you can get it printed in time for distribution to this En- 
campment in the morning; and if that motion of my comrade 
from Indiana prevails, it will have the effect of delaying this matter 
so much that the Encampment will liuve adjourned before any ac- 
tion can be taken on it. I have listened for eighteen years to the 
criticisms of the different people who were Pension Commissioners, 
and we might as well come out flat-footed and say what we want, 
say that we do not believe that this Commissioner of Pensions is 
construing the law in the way that it was intended it should be 
construed by Congress, and say so at once ; or else, if we believe 
that he is doing right, and that his construction of the law is the 
correct one, and the report of the committee shows — if I understand 
it correctly — that the ruling has nullified a special act of Congress; 
let us say that in so many words. This report of this committee is 
the cleanest and neatest of anything that I have ever heard in all 

278 Thirty-third National Encampment 

the years that I have attended Encampments, and they must have 
had a great deal of work to perform, ai^d they have done it well ; 
and therefore I second the motion of the comrade who has just 
taken his seat, that this matter be referred back to the Pension 
Committee, with instructions to report a suitable resolution to this 
Encampment to-morrow morning ; and then we will adopt that 

Comrade Dodge, of Indiana : Comrades, it is somewhat sur- 
prising to me that men come to this Encampment as delegates, 
charged with the important duty of passing upon all such matters 
as properly come before the Encampment, and then say to us, who 
come from a great distance here, on questions of this character, 
and particularly the question that is before the Encampment at this 
time, that they desire that the Encampment have all the light 
possible upon this subject, but at the same time advance the flimsy 
excuse that this matter cannot be printed between this and to- 
morrow morning. Commander-in- Chief, there is something behind 
this matter that is not fair. What it is I don't know. I want to 
say to the comrade from Illinois that he does not need to fear that 
this Eincampment will adjourn until this matter has been passed 
upon. I have a right, each delegate to this Encampment has the 
right, to know what is in the report of that Pension Committee, 
and I don't know now. The gentlemen who surround Washington 
City with their argus eyes may know. They have been, perhaps, 
where they could hear every word of it. They may have heard it 
before. But I haven't heard it. I am a good, fair listener, too, 
and sat here and tried to hear that report. I did hear much of it, 
but there was much of it that I could not comprehend, and before 
I am called upon to vote I say that we have a right to know what 
is in there. The report of this committee contains statements of 
fact upon which the action of this Encampment on this subject 
will be based. There is not a doubt in my mind but what this com- 
mittee has performed their duty conscientiously, thoroughly and 
well, and while we must depend upon the facts that they have found 
for us, in order to aid us in passing our judgment, I appeal to the 
membership of this Encampment that we have a right to have these 
facts spread before us ; and, as to the assertion of the two gentlemen 
who have, to use a slang phrase, attempted to hedge on this matter 

Grand Army of the Republic 279 

and say we have not time to get it printedi I will guarantee to lay 
a printed copy of that on every seat in this house by eight o'clock 
to-morrow morning. 

Comrade O'Donnell : I want to say that those people in this 
Encampment, and there are a good many from various departments 
here, who know me, know that *' Jim*' O'Donnell never hedges 
on any question. 

Comrade Royal, of Colorado : I am glad from the bottom of 
my heart that this matter is getting into this tangible form that it 
seems to be assuming. In times past there has seemed to be a dis- 
position to evade any question that might tend to reveal something 
that would not be acceptable to this one or to that one. I was a 
member of the Committee on Resolutions at Detroit, and I have 
no doubt there are gentlemen here on this floor that will bear me 
out when I say that at every move we made to do anything, 
" keep still ** ; certain men had to be on the Committee on Reso- 
lutions, so that the facts and the sentiment of the Encampment 
would be controlled, and we would adjourn and go home without 
doing any good. The trouble then as now was that we were afraid 
to act, and we let the old comrades who had been turned down 
drag along until something might turn up outside of the Encamp- 
ment. At that time we were told that the committee that we kept 
at Washington had not reported, that we didn't know what they 
wanted, and we mustn't do anything until they could be heard 
from. Thank God, they have been heard from to-day. They 
have been heard from this afternoon. And now is the time for this 
Encampment, not with passion or with prejudice, but in a business 
way, to assert itself, no matter who it may knock down. Sir, I 
want to ask if the complaint is not coming up from all quarters of 
this Union, from the mountains and plains of Colorado, from the 
valleys of the New England States, and from the midway to the 
borders, coming up from our old companions, that there is injustice 
being done them? If that is true, then that is enough for us to 
investigate and see whether iheir demands are right or wrong. 
How can we do that? 15y following the suggestion or the motion 
of Comrade Ketcham, of Indiana. 

Comrade Rea, of Minnesota : I rise to a point of order. I 

28o Thirty-third National Encampment 

want to know, what is the business pending before this Encamp- 
ment. Is there a motion here or not ? 

The Commander-in-Chief: There is a motion. 

Comrade Royal : I will answer my friend by saying that the 
same motion is pending now as when he was talking. We want to 
determine this matter in a business way. The only road that is 
open for us is to have the resolution of the gentleman from Indi- 
ana. Then we will investigate for ourselves. Our Committee on 
Resolutions can say in a resolution what the construction of this 
Encampment is upon the law, and it will be as near correct as the 
construction that would be given by the Commissioner ot Pensions 
or anybody else. 

(Cries of *' Question/* " Question,*' *' Question.") 

Comrade Sample, of Pennsylvania : Commander-in-Chief, 
I ask for the floor. 

The Commander-in-Chief : The question is called for. 

Comrade Sample : There is only one way it can be called 
for, and that is by a comrade rising to his feet and demanding it 
in a constitutional way. I am entitled to the floor. I understand 
that the question before the Encampment at this time is on the 
adoption of the resolution as presented by the representative or 
delegate from Indiana. Am I right ? 

The Commander-in-Chief : Yes. 

Comrade Sample : I have sat here to-day, and I have lis- 
tened to the remarkable expressions upon the part of the delegates 
in this Encampment, and to the magnificent report that has been 
presented by this committee, and yet almost in the same breath 
you are going to say to the people of this country that you believe 
you have had a report from a committee in whom you all have 
confidence and who have given you the facts, and still you are not 
satisfied with the language contained in the report. What will be 
the opinion of the comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic 
as to the National Encampment itself? I followed the language of 
that report, and I have no more intelligence than any other man 
upon this floor, but I take it by the report of that committee that 

Grand Army of the Republic 281 

what they specially ask for is the repeal of Decision 225 and the 
re-enactment of Rule 164, and the question as to the amount of 
money that should be allowed a widow. This committee also tell 
you that during the time of their stay in Washington they were 
overwhelmed with papers and letters that came to them from all 
parts of this Nation, and that from papers there was nothing to be 
found except condemnation as to these specific items. What more 
does this National Encampment want? Is there a disposition, as 
ray comrade from Indiana said, upon the partjof somebody to go 
after somebody ? I stand here as an independent comrade of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. I have nothing to conceal. I said 
upon the floor of the Department of Pennsylvania, that I would 
stand on the floor of this Encampment and demand that the proof 
be given, and I believe that this committee that was appointed by 
the acting Commander-in-Chief has given us the proof, and that 
the Encampment ought to adopt this report. It is dignified. It 
is gentlemanly. It is becoming this great organization of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. Let us stay out of the dirty pool 
of personality, I want to say to the comrades of this Encampment 
that that is like a two-edged sword — it cuts both ways. Let us 
adopt this report. Let us adopt it as it comes to us from the hands 
of this committee. I have been attending Encampments for a 
number of years, and I want to say that in my judgment this is 
one of the most dignified papers that has ever come into this En- 
campment. You can all stand behind it. There is nothing that 
you need be afraid of. There is nothing that is belittling this or- 
ganization. But, my comrades, let us remember that to-day, as in 
1861 to 1865, you have your enemies. You had the enemy in your 
front then, and you have them in your rear now. And they will 
use it against you if you undertake any personalities. Unless you 
stand up as a body of dignified gentlemen, they will come out be- 
fore the people of this country, and the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic will be again hounded from one end of this great Nation to the 
other by these people wlio have no resj)ect for the men who stood 
on the firing line over thirty years ago. I ask that we now, Com- 
mander-in-Chief, adopt this report; and if anybody has a resolu- 
tion that will cover the points that they want to cover let them file 
it with the Committee on Resolutions and let them make a proper 

282 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Comrade Rea, of Minnesota : I only want to say one word*. 
I understand the question before the Encampment is the adoption 
of the motion of the comrade from Michigan. I am heartily in 
favor of that for this reason : This committee has given us a re- 
port which meets with the almost universal commendation of the 
Encampment, and simply failed, as I understand the comrade's ap- 
peal, in not making a specific recommendation. Now then, that 
committee is familiar with the facts. It has given us the facts. It 
has given us the history. It has given us the evidence of great 
research, and that committee is in a belter condition to make a 
proper recommendation to this Encampment than any other com- 
mittee possibly could be, between this and to-morrow. So I am 
heartily in favor of this report being referred back to that commit- 
tee, with instructions to report some specific recommendation to be 
adopted by this Encampment, or rejected, as the case may be, to- 

Comrade Frazer, of New York : We referred this business 
to a committee a year ago to report back to us to-day. They have 
made one of the most intelligent reports that I as a Grand Army 
man for thirty years have ever listened to and my motion is that 
we, as intelligent Grand Army men from all over the United States 
of America, and as good, fair soldiers adopt the report of our com- 
mittee right here to-day. I make that motion. I move the pre- 
vious question. I move the adoption of the report of that committee. 

Cries of ** Question,*' ** Question." 

The Judge-Advocate-General : Commander-in-Chief and. 
comrades, I doubt if we are entirely satisfied in our own minds 
with the way in which this debate has run. We have hardly got to 
the point where we can debate the question that is foremost in our 
minds. We are now trying to get at the right way. A comrade 
from Indiana has moved an amendment, as I understand it, to the 
original motion, that the report of this committee be adopted, an 
amendment to this effect, that it be referred to the Committee on 
Resolutions and that ihey report it back to the Encampment to- 
morrow with a resolution. Now what we want to do as it seems to 
me is to give some suitable expression to our views on this subject. 
We can do that best in the form of a resolution. Some of you, 
comrades, do not appear to have fully heard or comprehended this 

Grand Army of the Republic 283 

loDg, and able and exhaustive report ot the Commitlee 00 Pen- 
sions, and for that reason you wish to have it printed so that yon 
can have it in your hands and act more intelligently upon it. It 
seems to me that that request is not unreasonable. Objection has 
been made that the report cannot be printed in time to do us any 
good. It certainly cannot be if we continue this debate very much 
longer. Perhaps it can, and perhaps it cannot. Comrade Gard- 
ner, of Michigan, has moved as an amendment to the amendment 
of the comrade from Indiana, that it be referred back to the Com- 
mittee on Pensions with the request that they make a recommenda- 
tion. Now they certainly when they are able to make so full a re- 
port as they have made, and so acceptable and satisfactory to us, 
are able to frame a suitable resolution, and that is covered by the 
amendment of Comrade Gardner from Michigan. Let us end all 
this matter by adopting the amendment of Comrade Gardner and 
report back to the committee requiring them to report a resolution 
to us to-morrow morning and at the same time that this report be 
put in the hands of the Adjutant-General with instructions that the 
report being safely guarded shall be put in the hands of a printer 
this evening and distributed to us early in the morning. Then we 
will have the report printed, we will have the resolution from this 
committee and we will be ready to clear the decks and say just 
what we think upon the question. 

Comrade Mason, of Iowa : I think that the motion of Com- 
rade Ketcham, of Indiana, should prevail. It should not be re- 
ferred back to the committee which has had twelve months to re- 
port a resolution. I think it should be referred to the Committee 
on Resolutions which can and will make a report and in the mean- 
time it should be printed so that we can understand it. 

Comrade Wa(;ner, of Pennsylvania : I rise simply for this 
suggestion, the Committee on Resolutions consists of forty-five 
members. How impracticable it will be to refer this to that com- 
mittee for concentration into resolutions. If it is to be referred to 
any committee, refer it to any other than a committee of forty-five 
members. I am not prepared to discuss and I do not think we 
ought to discuss all the matter and argun)ents which the committee 
has presented, but it certainly should not go to a committee con- 
sisting of forty-five men. 

284 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Comrade Coney, of Kansas : I ask your indulgence for a 
few moments. I have listened to the debate upon this motion 
made by the comrade from Indiana, the proposed amendment by 
the comrade from Michigan, and after the full and intelligent dis- 
cussion upon it it is evident to me as it is to all members of this 
Encampment what the desire and sense of this Encampment is ; 
which is that the purport of that report, the findings of that report 
be put into a resolution that will express the will and sentiment of 
the Encampment. To that end, Commander-in-Chief, I offer the 
following as a supplement or amendment to the report of the com- 
mittee. I beg leave to read it and let the Encampment act upon it : 

Whereas, It is made apparent by the report of the Committee on Pen- 
sions that the laws of the United States granting pensions to disabled Union 
solders and sailors and their widows and minor children, have been and are 
being nullified by the officers of the Government, charged with their admin- 
istration, instead of being liberally and justly administered, and 

WirEBEAS, Two former National Encampments of this body have asked 
that such rules and orders be put into force and effect by our comrades in 
office having authority to administer the pension law as would secure lib- 
eral and just administration of the laws, of which request no notice has been 
taken, therefore be it 

Resolved, by the Thirty-third National Enciimpment of the Grand Army 
of the Republic that the administration of the Pension Bureau having sig- 
nally failed to meet the just and reasonable expectations of the veterans and 
dependent ones in the proper construction of the laws passed for their ben- 
efit, and having refused to accede to tlie former requests of this body for 
needful reform the President of the United States be most earnestly, but re- 
spectfully, requested to dismiss the Commissioner of Pensions and appoint — 

Cries of ** point of order/* ** point of order." 

The Commander-in-Chief : We could not entertain that. 

A Comrade : I rise to a point of order. A comrade moved 
the previous question and it was seconded. 

Comrade Stahl, of New Jersey : I move that the further 
reading of that resolution be dispensed with, as it is an insult to 
the Encampment. 

Calls for *' Question " and ** Previous question." 

Comrade Allan, of Virginia ; I rise to a point of order, that 
the pending motion when the comrade took the floor was a motion 

Grand Army of the Republic 285 

to Fe-commit to the committee which had reported on this subject, 
and that it is not in order, upon a motion to re commit, to offer a 
substitute or amendment such as that just iptroduced and that it is 
in any event in its nature such a resolution as under the rules 
regularly governing this Encampment must be referred to the 
proper committee. 

The Commander-in-Chief : The point of order is well taken. 

Comrade Coney : I would like to be heard on that point be- 
fore the Commander in-Chief decides it. 

The Commander-in-Chief: The question under discussion is 
to re-commit. 

Cobirade Coney : I simply desired to relieve this condition 
of affairs by resolutions. Comrades may do with it as they see fit. 

Comrade Brown, of Ohio : Commander-in-Chief and com- 
rades, I am not in&ensible to the pleasant and kindly things that 
have been said about this report. I am not insensible to the great 
interest manifested by the comrades in a matter of vital importance 
to us and to the people, but I have been a bit surprised at the state- 
ments of comrades on this door that no conclusions have been 
reached here. I beg your indulgence for a moment to point out 
what we thought weie suggestions. Let me say frankly that we 
thought it no part of our duty to present recommendations to you. 
We have given you what we think in sincerity are the facts. You 
have been kind enough to say they are the facts. We say in re- 
ferring to the action of the Grand Array Committee on Pensions 
in 1897 and to the action in the Board of Pensions and by the 
present Pension Commissioner, this: 

** Thereupon and soon after, certainly before Jannary 1898, the Com- 
'* missioner of Pensions recommended to the Honorable, the Secretary of the 
'* Interior, the adoption of this sum, $250 a year, as the maximum income 
** of a widow, barring Iter ri^ht to a pension, instead of $96 a year under 
** the rule then in fonrc. The recommendation was not concurred in and 
'* the $96 limitation remains in effect. Your committee brought these 
** matters to th<) attention of the President July ]2thof this year. Lawyers 
'* disagree as to the meaning of the statute, and there seems to be no reason 
'* why the plain intent ot Congress may not be plainly stated and thus set 
** at rest and forever all dispute on this question/' 





286 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Does the Encampment understand what the committee suggests? 

*' It is not to be denied that honorable and patriotic men differ on the 
construction of this law, and honestly differ. The Grand Army will not 
be justified in arbitrarily refusing to avail itself of the legitimate means 
*'' available to attempt correction of wrongs complained of. ' As the matter 
*' now stands the law officers of the Government give to the act of June 27th 
1890, one effect. We respectfully dissent from their views. With the 
American Congress rests the determination of the questions at issue. 
'* Your committee believes that with the re-assembling of that body the act 
** may be so amended as to remove all doubt as to the meaning and intent 
*^ of the law, and that the attention of Congress will be directed to the sub- 
** je«t in the annual message of our comrade, the President. Relief from 
** any other source does not now seem probable." 

Comrades, must this committee formulate a resolution to make 
apparent what we have said, is it possible that in the premier body 
of the Grand Army of the Republic resolutions must be formulated 
to give force and effect to what has been said because it has been 
the custom for a hundred years in the Republic ? If that be your 
thought it may be done. Your committee is here on this platform 
to serve your purpose and to obey your orders. Pardon me. for a 
word in conclusion. 

" The committee called on the Honorable Secretary of the Interior and 
*' also on the Commissioner of Pensions, and presented complaints as to the 
** administration of the Pension Bureau. As an incident of this meeting 
the word went through the country that the Pension Bureau was under 
investigation by this committee. This brought, in the succeeding weeks, 
thousands of letters from every section of the country, addressed to the 
*' individual members of the committee, each letter a complaint as to exist- 
*' ing conditions in the administration of the Pension Bureau." 

** To classify these complaints would require much time and space, and 
^* to pass upon their merits would involve a vast amount of research con- 
*' ducted by experts in x>ension matters, and not possible by your Committee 
*' on Pensions. To sum it all up, the burden of complaint is against the 
" enforcement of Rule No. 225, and the widow's clause barring pensions at 
*' an income of $96 a year. Neither, as we believe, is in keeping with the 
** spirit of the law. A soldier's widow should not be permitted to suffer in 
" this land of plenty, and we stoutly insist that Rule No. 225 should be ab- 
*' rogated and Rule No. 164 re-established." 

*' It is fair to assume that the average man having the virtue of patriot- 
*' ism in a sulficient degree to offer to lay down his life for his country in 
" fighting her buttles for freedom, is free from intent to defraud. Decency 
*' should be presumed on the part of the defenders of the Republic. The 

Grand Army of the Republic 287 

'* Grand Army, representing the ex-Union soldiers and sailors of the United 
" States, and their heirs, having in mind the glorious past, surpassed only 
** by the possibilities unfolding and to be unfolded in the future, pleads for 
*' justice. More is not desired ; with less this great comradeship and all it 
'* represents will not be satisfied.'' 

Must we come back and on another paper write before each 
of these conclusions the word resolved. 

Cries of ** Yes, yes *' and " No, no.*' 

Comrade Brown : We will obey your desires. We are here 
to serve your purposes in so far as we honorably and fairly may. 

Comrade Dodge, of Indiana : Will you yield to a question ? 

Comrade Brown : Certainly. 

Comrade Dodge: Will you kindly tell me, if these things 
are true, what objection there can be to having them printed. I 
do not care so much where this goes to, what committee, but what 
we are caring for is to have that report printed. There are many 
things that have been said about this report and about this commit- 
tee that I feel satisfied in saying are wholly unjustified and I believe, 
in protection to ourselves and those who try to serve us, that we 
ought to have the matter intelligently presented before us so that 
we shall be fully acquainted with it. 

Comrade Brown : The committee makes no objection to its 
being printed. I am not here to offer an objection, but to say that 
the committee with much consideration presented the report in the 
form which it is presented, in the hope that we had discharged our 
full duty in presenting to you the facts and such conclusions as 
they seemed to warrant to a body of modest men, and to leave to 
this body, the duty of from that report and from its conscience 
formulating such legislation as it may desire enacted. The Pension 
Committee is your servant, not to suggest to these honorable and 
intelligent minds legislation. It seems to me, with all respect to 
the comrades, ihat our duty ends with presenting to you the facts, 
and your duty begins. 

Comrade Sickles : It seems to me to be due as a matter of 
respect and courtesy to this Committee on Pensions, after its able 
work, that if we want a lesolution brought before us embodying 
their conclusions with a view to action on our part, that that com- 

288 Thirty-third National Encampment 

mittee should be asked to do that work and we should not send the 
report to another committee. That would be a mark of distrust. 
I want to say one word only to the Chairman of the Conmittee on 
Pensions. He understands as well as I do that a body of this sort 
likes some action after a long period of deliberation. We accept 
the substance of that report for its able reasoning and its thorough 
analysis of the law and we recognize that they have reached certain 
conclusions logically and soundly, but we want those embodied in 
a succinct and concise resolution so that we can express properly 
our concurrence in what they have done ; and I would ask that 
committee in considering such a resolution to consider the propri- 
ety of having a committee of this Encampment appointed to pre- 
sent these resolutions and conclusions to the President of the 
United States for his action. 

Comrade Gardner : We do not get the full report in the 
first reading, nor even in the second. It is in solution. What we 
want is the precipitation. We want to crystallize the thought of 
the committee in a specific recommendation. I hope the amend- 
ment will prevail. 

Comrade Berger, of New Mexico : We have spent two 
hours and half on a question which should have been settled, it 
seems to me, in less than fifteen minutes. The report of that com- 
mittee should have been adopted at once and then further action 
would have been a resolution which would reach the case. It seems 
tome that the Chairman of the Committee on Pensions does not 
desire to present a resolution and I offer this : 


Cries of ** No, no ''and confusion. 

Comrade Berger • This is a substitute. 

Cries of '* No, no.*' 

Commander-in-Chief : It is out of order. The motion is 
to re-commit. 

Comrade Weissert, of Wisconsin ; I now move the pre- 
vious question. 

Comrade Gobin, of Pennsylvania : I second the call. 

Commander-in-Chief : Shall the main question now be put ? 

Grand Army of the Republic 289 

The vote was in the affirmative. 

Commander-in-Chief : The question to be voted on now is 
to re-commit to the Committee on Pensions with instructions to 
formulate a resolution based upon that report and to report to- 
morrow morning. 

The question was put and carried in tl)e affirmative. 

The original motion of Comrade Ketchum was then put as 
amended and was carried in the affirmative. 

Comrade Laughlin, of Ohio : I move that we now take a 
recess until nine o'clock to-morrow morning. 

Motion was lost. 

Comrade Smith, of Minnesota : I move that we request the 
Adjutant-General to procure the printing of that document for the 
action of this Encampment and that it be not given to the news- 

The motion prevailed. 

Comrade Sample, of Pennsylvania: I desire to say that my 
impression and understanding of the resolution was, or the first 
motion was, that the report should be adopted, that the first amend- 
ment as offered by Comrade Ketchum, I think, of Indiana, was 
that it be referred to the Committee on Retolutions, with instruc- 
tions to formulate a resolution, and that the report be printed, that 
the next amendment offered was that it be re-committed to the 
committee with instructions to report a resolution to the Encamp- 
ment to-morrow and that I understand was adopted. That being 
the case the question recurred upon the original resolution as 
amended, which was that the report be adopted and that they pre- 
sent a resolution here. 

A Comrade : It doesn't make any difference about that now 
for a comrade moved that it be printed, and that was passed. 

It was moved and carried to adjourn to 9 o'clock to-morrow 


290 Thirty-third National Encampment 


Encampment met at 9 a. m., September 7th, 1899, and was 
opened in due lorm, Chaplain-in-Chief offering prayer. 

The following report was presented and adopted : 

Philadelphia, September 6, 1899. 

Thos. J. Stewart, Adjutant-General, G. A. R. 

Sir and Comrade : 

Your Committee on Report of Surgeon-General beg leave to report they 
have performed that duty. 

Your committee find figures and suggestions in said report that shonld 
be considered by the Committee on Pensions. 

Your committee find that the Surgeon-General has performed his duty 
well and deserves the thanks and commendations of the Grand Army. 

Respectfully submitted, 


J. H. BROWNING, j Commiiiee, 


The report of the Committee on the Report of the Custodian 
of Records was presented and adopted. The report is as follows : 

Philadelphia, September 6, 1899. 

Thomas J. Stewart, Adjutant- General, G. A. R. 

Sir and Comrade : * 

The committee to whom was referred the Report of the Custodian of 
Records have attended to their duties, and recommend that tbe Report be 
accepted, with the supplementary statement, that from a personal know- 
ledge of the painstaking care of the Custodian in the performance of his 
duties, the Grand Army of the Republic is fortunate in having at command 
so faithful an official. 

FRANK BATTLES, New Hampshire, ] 

PETER B. AYAR8, Delaware, ; Committee. 

H. L. HARTSHORN, New Jersey. ! 

Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief Ross was called to the Chair, 
and the report of the committee upon the address of Senior Vice- 
Commander-in-Chief Johnson was read, and on motion of Com- 
rade Palmer, of Nebraska, was adopted. The report is as follows : 

Grand Army of the Republic 291 

To the officers and Comrades of the Thirty-third National Encampment^ 
0. A. B, : 


Yonr Committee upon the Address of the Senior Vice Commander-in- 
Chief, Acting Commander-in-Chief, beg leave respectfully to report. 

The address of the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief is fraught with 
true patriotic fervor and satisfactorily covers the various subjects brought 
to his attention and within the scope of his duty. 

His position has been an anomolous one. For the first time in the his- 
tory of the organization, the death of the Commander-in-Chief precipitated 
the question as to the proper status of the next in command. There arose 
a diversity of opinion, and the official mostly interested naturally felt a 
delicacy in assuming any authority which might possibly be disputed in the 
future. He therefore accepted the action of the Executive Committee of the 
Council of Administration, and as Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, has 
performed the duty of the office to the entire satisfaction of the comrades. 
The necessity of this Encampment placing a correct interpretation upon the 
rules and regulations relating to this subject, is very apparent. 

In the address the death of our Commander-in-Chief is fittingly and 
appropriately alluded to, and it is eminently proper that a snitable recog- 
nition of his services and tlie loss of the National Encampment should be 

The remarkahh' report is made that a Department Encampment was 
held in toreign territory and under a foreign flag. Your committee allude 
to this fact in order that it may not be presumed to have been overlooked 
or regarded as a desirable practice lor the Grand Army of the Republic to 
indulge in. 

The commendation of the continued ellicient work of our Auxilliary 
Organizations in their especial lines meets with our approval. 

The Pension cjuestion was properly referred to an efficient committee 
who have given the matter careful attention. 

We conlially ai>prov(; of the coniniendation of the valuable services, 
without compensation, of Adjutaiit-CJeneral Comrade Thomas J. Stewart, 
and of theapiK>iiitn\ent of a coniniittee to jnesent him with a proper testi- 
monial. In this connection your committee cannot but refer to the neces- 
sity for a still greater economy in tiie administnition of the various offices, 
and if Siilaries aie to b<* paid, the adoption ol a lower grade to meet the in- 
evitable decreasing revenue's. 

The entire address e\ inct-s a careful and conscientious resume ol the 
operations and jirogress of our organizaticm during the period of the incum- 
bency of the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief and meets with our entire 

292 Thirty-third National Encampment 

approval. As expressing our appreciation of his services, we recommend the 
appointment of a committee of three comrades to secure and present to 
him a proper testimonial. 

Respectfully submitted, 

I. N. WALKER, of Indiana, 

J. P. S. GOBIN, of Pennsylvania, 

THOMAS G. LAWLER, of Illinois, 1- Committee, 

JOHN S. KOUNTZ, of Ohio. 

GEO. S. MERRILL, of Massachusetts, , 

The Commander-in-Chief resumed the Chair. 

Comrade Wagner, of Pennsylvania : Commander-in-Chief, 
with your permission I ask unanimous consent to present a preamble 
and resolution and ask its passage without reference to the com- 
mittee, because I think it will have unanimous approval. 

Whereas : The first efforts ever made to preserve and fully mark a 
battlefield were begun in 1863 immediately after the hattle of Gettysburg, 
to preserve the features of that field and to mark the positions and move- 
ments of the troops engaged ; this being done by loyal hearts and willing 
hands at a cost of over $2,000,000, and without any help from Congress, and, 

Whereas : All this property was transferred to the GeiiCral Govern- 
ment in 1895 free of cost, and in view of the liberal contributions by States, 
by Societies, and by individuals, there should be more liberal appropriations 
on the part of Congress to complete this work on the field where the greatest 
battle of the War was fought ; one of the greatest battles of modern times. 

Resolved ; That we earnestly commend the Gettysburg National Park 
Commission in its work of acquiring lands of historical interest, of construc- 
ting avenues along lines of battle otherwise inaccessible, in restoring and 
preserving the original features of the field and in marking with tablets and 
monuments the positions and movements of troops, so that the history of 
the battle will practically be written on the field, and, 

Resolved ; That we ask Congress to make liberal appropriations to en- 
able the Commissioners to acquire the necessary lands and complete at an 
early day the work provided for by the act creating the Park. 

The preamble and resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

The Chaplain-in-Chief presented the following report which 
was adopted : 

Grand Army of the Republic 293 

Philadelphia. September 6, 1899. 
Thos. J. Stewabt, Adjutant-General, G. A. R. 
Sib and CJomeade : 

By a paragraph of General Orders No. 4 of the current series Daniel 
R. Lucas, Chaplain-in-Chief, Gen. Theodore F. Brown and. Past Com- 
mander-in-Chief, Ivan N. Walker, were appointed a committee to prepare 
an addition to the burial ritual so that the ceremony may be used at the 
house of the deceased, and report the same to the Commander-in-Chief. 
The committee found by conference with a large number of comrades that 
there was a general demand for such a ritual and some change in the ad- 
dress of the Commander in the present ritual. A clear and definite agree- 
ment of the committee was not reached before this Encampment assembled, 
and we respectfully ask that the committee be continued and make their 
report to the incoming Commauder-in-Chiel. 

DANIEL R. LUCAS, Chaplain-in-Chief, 
IVAN N. WALKER, of Indiana, 


Comrade Druckemiller, of Pennsylvania : I move that we 
proceed to nomination of officers for the Encampment. 

The motion prevailed and the Adjutant-General called the roll 
of the departments. 

Comrade Burton, of Missouri : Comrade Warner has been 
selected by the comrades of the Department of Missouri to present 
the name of our candidate. 

Comrade Warner, of Missouri : Commander-in-Chief, I 
assume it an honor more than I have words to express, to have the 
privilege as a comrade of addressing the representatives of the sur- 
vivors of the men who from 1861 to 1865 followed **Old Glory'* as 
their pillar of cloud by day and of fire by night. My x:omrades, 
thank God the score and fourteen years that have intervened since 
Appomattox have strengthened the bonds of comradeship between 
the men who without murmur endured the privations of the camp, 
the hardships of the march, the dangers of the battle, the weari- 
ness of the hospital and the untold horrors of the prison pen, that 
** a government of the people, by the people and for the people 
should not perish from the earth." Those privations, sufferings, 
hardships and dangers gave birth to the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, an organization which in its birth and life stands without 
a parallel in the world's history, an organization that has had 

294 Thirty-third National Encampment 

no predecessor and can have no successor, an organization* whose 
members are patriots and not pessimists, patriots who never 
by word or act give aid to the enemies of their country, pa- 
triots who hold up the hands of the Commander-in-Chief of 
the army and navy of our country, patriots who inscribe upon 
their banner, *' My country, may she always be right, but my coun- 
try right or wrong.'* Why, the post rooms, Commander-in-Chief, 
the camp fires and the Encampments, National and State of the 
Grand Army of the Republic are hot- beds for stalwart Americanism, 
they are revival meetings, Mr. Chaplain, in patriotism. To-day 
comrades as the representatives of this, the greatest of all civic or- 
ganizations, we are called upon to select a Commander-in-Chief 
for the ensuing year, a position which I hold there is none more 
honorable. We will make that selection as comrades, not as 
partisans. We out in Missouri upon the border, have had our 
days of triumph, we sometimes have our days of defeat, we never 
exult over a fallen enemy and we never cry if we are knocked 
down. The Department of Missouri has many comrades whom we 
delight to honor, but we have one that we all love, we love him be- 
cause he is a true comrade 365 days in the year, we love him 
because his life is an exemplification of our trinity of virtues, 
fraternity, charity and loyalty. If I had said this much in 
the city of St. Louis, the home of this comrade, there would stray 
to every lip the name of Leo Rassieur. Leo Rassieur is no fair 
weather member of the Grand Army of the Republic, he was no 
fair-weather soldier, one of the first to be mustered into the Union 
army and one ot the last to be mustered out. In the early days 
of 1861 you, my comrades, who are familiar with the history of your 
country know that the fate of the great State of Missouri was 
trembling in the balance. Then it took courage of a high order 
for a man young or old to stand out and say, I am for the Union. 
At that time young Rassieur was a potential power in forming the 
1 )yal sentiment and organizing the loyal men of the city of St. 
Louis. The Governor of our State, Ciaib* Jackson, was in a con- 
spiracy to take the State out of the Union. Her militia com- 
manded by a southern sympathizer, was in camp at Camp Jackson, 
waiting an opportunity to strike a blow at the Union. Governor 
Jackson and liis followers attempted to conceal their real purpose 
under the cloak of neutrality, trying to make the people of St. 

Grand Army of the Republic 295 

Lobib believe that in the impending conflict they could stand idly 
by as witnesses and take no part. Early in that spring before 
the firing upon Fort Sumpter, a meeting was called at the old 
St. George market house in South St. Louis, the stronghold of the 
Germans, called by Jackson ostensibly for the purpose of giving 
expression to the sentiment of the people on the coming conflict, 
but really to strengthen the cause of secession. Cut and dried 
resolutions were presented proclaiming the right of a state 
peaceably to withdraw from this Union, denying the power In 
the general government to coerce a sister state, fiery speeches 
were made in support of those resolutions. The sturdy Germans 
stood awed for a moment but in that old market house suddenly 
a boy was placed upon a butcher's block, and in words of burning 
eloquence, bristling with patriotism, though then not seventeen 
years of age, he denounced secession, neutrality and the resolu- 
tions. The chairman of the meeting, being a southern sympathizer, 
ruled him off the floor, but the spirit of patriotism was upon 
the boy. He cried, ** All the lovers of your country follow 
me," and they went to an adjoining room, they organized a 
meeting, and the resolutions that he drafted have become historical 
in our country. It was the first check to secession in Missouri, 
and that boy orator, that youthful patriot, is our candidate for 
Commander-in-Chief. You want to know who the man is, and I 
am not going much into history, but on May 7th, 186 1, young 
Rassieur was found in the First Missouri Volunteer Infantry, having 
refused a commission of a First Lieutenant in the state troops. On 
the tenth day of May, three days after his enlistment, he followed 
Nathaniel Lyon, aiding in the capture of Camp Jackson, which 
sounded the death knell to secession in Missouri, and made her 
disloyal Governor a fugitive from the State. Mustered in on 
the 7th day of May, 1861, he was mustered out of the service on 
the 20th of August, 1865, when but 21 years and 4 month of age. 
He went in as a private. He was ])romotcd successively to 
Orderly Sergeant, Second Lieutenant, First Lieutenant, Captain 
and Major ; and the records of the War Department show that 
every promotion was for gallantry upon the field of battle. To 
speak of the battles in which he ])articipated would be to re- 
count the battles in the Mississippi Valley from the day the 
stars and strij)es went down at Fort Sumter to the day that the 

296 Thirty-third National Encampment 

stars and bars went down at Appomattox. His last engagement 
was at the charge of Fort Blakely, that ever memorable day when 
Grant and Lee met under the famous lone apple tree. The war 
ended, young Rassieur returned to St. Louis, entered a law office, 
his sole capital being his brains, his industry and his honesty. He 
has carved for himself a name, and since then his fervid oratory 
has charmed the bar, and his learning has graced the judicial er- 
mine of our state. From the organization of the Grand Army of 
thfe Republic he has been a member. He has been Post Com- 
mander, Department Commander and Judge Advocate-General, 
He attends the Post meetings and the Encampments, State and 
National. Leo Rassieur is never reported absent. He attends 
them with religious zeal. We honor Leo Rassieur for the record 
that he made in battle, but we love him for the record that he has 
made as a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. No com- 
rade in distress ever went to Leo Rassieur and came away empty 
handed ; and if the comrades and widows in our department that 
Leo Rassieur has extended a helping hand to had votes in this En- 
campment I know how they would be cast. He is, as I said, a 
stalwart of stalwarts in the Grand Army of the Republic, and he 
believes in showing his faith by his works. He never plays to the 
gallery. He is an uncompromising friend and champion of the 
men who offered their lives that the Union might live. In our 
department he is the leader of a brave band of men and women 
that insists that our boys in our public schools shall be taught the 
true story of liberty from 1861 to 1865. 

Comrades, in conclusion, as I have exceeded my time, the 
Department of Missouri, the department that in whatever State 
your National Encampment is held, always sends from five hundred 
to a thousand uniformed comrades, who march in the line headed 
by that grand old Frank P. Blair Post, No. i, of which Leo Ras- 
sieur is a member, the department that mustered old William Te- 
cumseh Sherman into the Grand Army of the Republic, the 
department that believes in loyalty to comrades day in and day out, 
asks your support tor that model soldier, that ideal comrade, that 
champion of the rights of the men who fought in the trenches and 
on the quarter-deck, Leo Rassieur. I thank you. 

Comrade Kay, of New York : Commander-in-Chief and 
Comrades of the Grand Army of the Republic : No man who 

Grand Arrny of the Republic 297 

has ever sat and listened to the eloquence of our great Past 
Commander-in-Chief, who has just addressed you, William War- 
ner, of Missouri, will stand in the position that I do, ex- 
cept in fear and trembling. New York honors, as much as 
Missouri can, the magnificent record in war and in peace of Leo. 
Rassieur. None can exceed us in recognition of the distinguished 
services which he rendered, and I am not here by my poor voice 
to say a great deal as to him whom I shall name as the candidate 
of united New York for Commander-in-Chief of this great organi- 
zation. Let me say to you that all that has been claimed for Ras- 
sieur can well apply under different conditions to the gentleman 
whom I shall name to you. As Department Commander of New 
York, in the battle line for the rights of veterans, it was my privi- 
lege never to seek (he aid and assistance of Albert D. Shaw in vain, 
and when the rights of veterans under the civil service laws were 
hanging in the balance in Washington, by an accident I saw him 
at the Barge Office in New York, and without a moment's hesita- 
tion he found his way to the ferry and went to Washington and 
pleaded with the high men of the Nation for the passage of Senate 
Bill 3256. It is with this record, and it is with the knowledge 
that I have in my heart and soul that a strong man will be placed 
at the head of our Order, that I place in nomination the name of 
Comrade Albert D. Sliaw, of New York. I shall not detain you 
by any matters of record. That we have endeavored to place 
before you long since, and it may be a question perhaps in the 
minds of some which of these two distinguished comrades you feel 
you love the more at the present time. I think I have discharged 
all the duty that devolves upon me in placing before you the name 
of Comrade Shaw. 

Comrade Palmer, of New York : Commander-in-Chief, I 
simply want to say as a delegate from the Department of New 
York that I heartily support and endorse all that Comrade Kay has 
said in behalf of Comrade Shaw's candidacy from New York. 

Comrade Sample, of Pennsylvania: As I came upon the 
floor of this Encamj)ment, without any knowledge or thought as 
^o whom I would support for the ])osition of Commander-in-Chief, 
had I listened only to the burning eloquence of my friend Warner, 
of Missouri, there would have been no question in my mind as to 

298 Thirty-third National Encampment 

what I would do, but I am here, Commander-in-Chief, for the pur- 
pose of saying a word relative to the candidacy of one of the 
comrades who has been named for the dignified position of Com- 
mander-in-Chief of this great body. I come to you in obedience 
to the order of the Department of Pennsylvania, which has never 
faltered in her devotion to the interests of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, which has carried that old banner from the time of the 
inception of this Order until the present, we believe with honor to 
ourselves and credit to the comradeship of the Grand Army of 
the Republic; I come to you, I say, in their name, for the 
purpose of seconding the nomination of that distinguished com- 
rade, of the Department of New York, a man whose record 
as a soldier stands out brightly upon the pages of the history of this 
nation, a man who served in that old Army of the Potomac, often 
defeated, but, thank God, never whipped. That is the character 
of the man that we are coming to you to-day with, and we believe 
that the great Empire State of this Union is entitled to the position 
of Commander-Chief of this body of men. We also believe, in the 
Department of Pennsylvania, that Comrade Shaw will lead the 
comrades for the year to come in a way that when he shall come ta 
lay down the truncheon of authority at the end of his administra- 
tion he will have done everything that was possible for the advance- 
ment of the interests of the Grand Army of the Republic. It may 
possibly be said that very many of the comrades who have com- 
manded this organization have come from the eastern part of this 
country, but at the close of this century let it be said by the com- 
rades that we have placed in the official position of Commander- 
in-Chief a representative of that great State of New York ; and 
when we shall come to Chicago in 1900, then let us, from the lands 
in the western part of this country, take from the ranks of the 
Grand Army of the Republic one whose record will probably be 
unequalled as a representative of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
for the first year of the new century. I have in my pocket, and I 
want to read it, because I am not of that age that would permit me 
to memorize it, tiie record of the distinguished comrade whom 
Pennsylvania seconds for this dignified position. He was first 
called upon to enlist in Company A of the 35ih New York Volun- 
teers in May, 1861. As a private and non-commissioned officer, 
duiing his service, his record for bravery and faithfulness to duty 

Grand Army of the Republic 299 

was excellent. His company never stacked their arms without 
Comrade Shaw being present. On two occasions, when but two of 
the company, owing to forced marches, were in place to answer roll- 
call. Comrade Shaw was one of the two whose guns were partially 
stacked, because it couldn't very well be done with two guns. He 
took part in the battles of Rappahannock Station, second Bull Run, 
Chancellorsville, South Mountain, Antietam and Fredericksburg, 
where you remember that General Longstreet said, in his work, 
that he could sweep the plains below the rifle pits as with a fine 
tooth comb, and a number of minor engagements. I stand here 
to-day to say in his behalf, in the interest of the comrades from 
New York and Pennsylvania, that he has never forgotten what that 
word ** Fraternity " means to the men who wore the blue. 

His record in the Grand Army of the Republic is perfectly 
familiar to you all. Year after year he has stood upon the floor 
of the National Encampment, battling for the best interests of the 
comradeship of this Order; and on the question of pensions I 
venture to say that there is no man here to-day whose burning 
words have gone out farther than his all over this great country in 
the interest of the men who by- the laws of the country are entitled 
to receive a pension from the national government, and therefore 
that interest will be perfectly safe in the hands of Comrade Shaw. 
Again, comrades, in conclusion, I desire to say that 1 am directed 
by the solid voice of the great Department of Pennsylvania to sec- 
ond the nomination of Comrade Shaw, of New York. 

Comrade Barre rr, of New Jersey : New Jersey wishes to 
unanmiously endorse the nomination of Comrade Shaw. 

Comrade Martindale, ot Ohio, seconded the nomination of 
Comrade Shaw. 

Comrade Blttkrfield, of Vermont: Commander-in-Chief, 
about one hundred and twenty-five years ago there was a good deal 
of pulling and hauling about Vermont, and New York thought she 
was entitled to Vennont. Vermont kicked, but to-day New York 
comes up, htaded by Colonel Albert I). Shaw, and Vermont no 
longer kicks, but comes freely and joyfully to New York. In be- 
half of the solid delegation of the Department of Vermont, I take 
great pleasure in seconding the nomination of Colonel Albert D. 
Shaw for Commander-in-Chief. 

3C0 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Comrade Connor, of South Dakota : Realizing the fact that 
South Dakota is about a thousand miles west from Chicago and New 
York about a thousand miles east, we of South Dakota have the 
pleasure of seconding the nomination of Comrade Shaw, of New 

Comrade Hagerty, of Missouri : I am very glad, Commander, 
that this body of men has no lack of good material for Commander- 
in-Chief. I suppose there are scores of men here that would make 
good Commanders-in-Chief, and we have certainly had a great 
deal of talent presented this morning. You have had the records 
of both of these men. It was my privilege to be the Chaplain of 
Comrade Rassieur in the Department of Missouri, so that I can 
give a little personal record in reference to him, and if my words 
are of any weight among you good men they may have some effect. 
I know Comrade Rassieur personally as a gentleman, as a man of 
integrity, as a man skillful in the management of men, as a man 
that knows how to govern, and as a friend, and I never saw a de- 
partment better managed and controlled than was the Department 
of Missouri by Comrade Rassieur; and whether he shall be your 
next Commander-in-Chief or not:, it will not lessen our appreciation 
of the man that was so eloquently presented to you this morning. 
The comrade who presented the gentleman from New York said 
that his candidate was asked to enlist in a company. Comrade 
Rassieur asked the company to come with him. And if Comrade 
Rassieur should be your Commander, he will always say, come. 
He will never have to wait to be asked to come. Whoever you 
elect Commander-in-Chief, we will stand by him loyally, but Com- 
rade Rassieur will sometime command this body of men. 

Comrade Rassieur : Commander-in-Chief and comrades, I 
appreciate the value of time, and therefore will endeavor to be brief. 
I know our friends here want to conclude the work at the earliest 
possible moment. Bear with me, however, to correct any false im- 
pression that might go from thisTiall, if I were not to present some 
few thoughts. About a month ago, while I was away from home, my 
comrades in Missouri saw fit to place my name before the comrade- 
ship of the country as a candidate for the highest office in the 
country. I did not seek it, for the comrades will tell you that I 
said, I cannot stay here, because my family must go to the sea- 

Grand Army of the Republic 301 

shore ; and I also said, cast my vote for the majority candidate, 
and count me in on the expense. 

Comrades, we have made this canvass for the year 1899, and 
and not for the year 1900. But the comrades from Missouri have 
some little sense, and appreciate a fact when they see the fact. 
They know that this grand organization has ample talent to fill its 
highest office, without going to Missouri. They appreciate the fact 
that Comrade Shaw and his record would justify any organization 
in placing him at its head. They appreciate the further fact that 
when the Department of New York, with the greatest worker in the 
country at its head, presents a candidate, here, and he finds favor, 
it is favor that needs no justification. 

Comrades, I see what this Encampment wants, and I want to 
aid it in getting through in the shortest possible time. I also want 
to say to you that I appreciate the kindnesses that have been ex- 
tended to me, almost as much as it the office and the labor involved 
in discharging the duties of the high office of Commander-in-Chief 
had been given to me. Philadelphia and its press have been so 
kind that I don't know how to thank them. You, comrades from 
all Departments, have said so many kind things that if I were to 
die to-morrow I would feel that the chapter was full, and written in 
such a way that my children would not need to blush when it was 
referred to. I come here now, first, to withdraw my name, having 
obtained the consent of my Department, which is responsible for 
its being here, and next to move you that the vote of this Encamp- 
ment be cast unanimously for Comrade Shaw, of New York, he 
being the only other candidate presented. 

The Commander-in-Chief : It has been moved and seconded 
that Comrade Albert D. Shaw, of New York, be elected Com- 
mander-in-Chief for the ensuing year by acclamation. Is there 
unanimous consent ? 

No objection being heard, the question was put and carried 
unanimously in the affirmative, and Comrade Shaw was declared 
duly elected Commander-in-Chief for the ensuing year. 

The Commander-in-Chief appointed Comrades Rassieur and 
Warner as a committee to conduct Comrade Shaw to the platform, 
which duty was performed, and Comrade Warner introduced the 
Commander-in-Chief-clect in the following terms: 

J02 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Commander-in-Chief, no department in the Grand Army of 
the Republic other than Missouri and no comrade than I could 
more joyfully present to you your honored Commander-in-Chief 
for the ensuing year. 

Commander-in-Chief: Comrades, I am pleased to present 
to you your Commander-in-Chief-elect for the coming year. Colo- 
nel Albert D. Shaw, of New York. 

Comrade Shaw: Commander-in-Chief and Comrades, I 
thank you for the distinguished honor that you have just done me. 
Your duty now ends and mine has just begun. I appreciate the 
honor which is bestowed, and I need only say that to the best of 
my ability I will so direct this noble organization for the year to 
come as I trust to merit at its close the saying, ** Well done, good 
and faithful servant.*' New York of the East bows to Missouri of 
the West, and assures them that where so much good has been said 
New York will accept it as we accept good weather. It is not for 
me to make promises. I am to be placed on the record as doing 
something, and I shall leave it for you to judge, if my life is ex- 
tended over this year, as to my work. I thank the delegation from 
New York, whose comrades have done so nobly by me, and again 
thank you one and all for your great courtesy and kindness. 

The Commander-in-Chief : We are now ready for nomina- 
tions for Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief. The Adjutant-Gen- 
eral will call the roll of the departments. 

The Adjutant-General called the roll. 

Comrade Walker, of Indiana : Commander-in-Chief and 
comrades, my comrades of the Department of Irdiana have in- 
structed me to present the name of a comrade who entered the 
service in April, 1861, and was at the first battle of the war, at 
Philippi, and continued in the service until August, 1865, when he 
was^discharged as major of the 123d Indiana. He is a Grand 
Army man through and through, and the only criticism that I have 
ever made upon him is that he has devoted too much time to the 
interests of the Order. He will serve this Order, if elected, with 
fidelity, and this Encampment will never have cause to regret its 
work if you elect him. I have very great pleasure in presenting 
the name of Comrade Irvin Robbins, of Indiana, who served as 
Adjutant-General three years ago. 

Grand Army of the Republic 303 

Comrade Rea, of Minnesota : Minnesota desires to second 
the nomination of Comrade Robbins. 

Comrade Vanderslice, of Pennsylvania : Twenty-seven years 
have elapsed since we had the pleasure of entertaining the National 
Encampment in this city of Philadelphia. We haven't had an op- 
portunity yet to extend to the representatives of this Encampment 
the courtesies that we desire to extend to them, trusting that to-mor- 
row will be the day on which we shall perform that pleasant duty. 
It has been said that a custom has arisen in the Grand Army of the 
Republic, of conceding the election of the Senior Vice Commander- 
in-Chief to the place at which the Encampment is held. It is true 
that that has been a custom of late years. There was a time that 
many of us remember when that was not done. It was probably 
prompted by kindly motives. It is a pleasant compliment to pay to 
the place that extends hospitality to the order; but the Department 
of Pennsylvania, while it could readily agree upon a man unanimously 
to fill this position, and of our Department it might be said that the 
woods are full of them, yet we, from no motives of modesty, but be- 
lieving that it is a custom that is founded upon wrong principles, 
and believing that the election of officers of this great body should 
not be conceded to any locality, allowing a few men representing 
one Department practically to elect officers for the National En- 
campment, desire to break this precedent, so that National En- 
campments, hereafter, may feel free to elect the man that they feel 
is best fitted for that position. We believe that fitness and compe- 
tency are the only things that should govern in the election of 
officers of this grand body, and therefore, the Department of Penn- 
sylvania refuses to have a candidate, and I am requested to speak 
not only for the representatives from the Department but those from 
tiie City of Phiiadeli)hia, who have done their utmost within the 
last few months to prepare for this Encampment. We realize that 
many things have been left undone that we should have done, and 
many thmgs have been planned that have not been carried out, yet 
if the comrades go away from this Encampment feeling that they 
have been m a measure enterlamed, the knowledge that they have 
had that [)leasure will be full compensation to the Department of 
Pennsylvania for whatever effort it has made in entertaining you, 
and we come before you, my ( omrades, in sincerity, feeling that it 
is for the good of the Order that hereafter the offices shall be open 

304 Thirty-third National Encampment 

to every Department ; that no matter how small that Department 
may be, if it has a fit candidate, that may be voted for, without re- 
gard to precedents such as this, and, believing also that the De- 
partment of Pennsylvania has been honored in the past, which we 
appreciate, and knowing that there are great Departments in the 
West and in the East that have never been honored by the election 
of a National officer, we decline to present a candidate. In doing 
this, we do it in a spirit of sincerity, as I have said, and we want 
you to understand that we believe we are doing that which in the 
future will be for the best interests of this Grand Army of the Re- 

CoMjiADE Rea, of Minnesota : There being no other nomina- 
tion than that of Comrade Robbins, of Indiana, I move that he be 
elected Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief by acclamation. 

The Commander-in-Chief: If there is no objection we will 
elect by acclamation. 

No objection being made the question was put and carried 
unanimously, and Comrade Robbins was declared duly elected 
Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief for the ensuing year. 

Comrade Palmer, of New York .• The question pending when 
this Encampment adjourned last night was the pension question, 
that the report of the committee should be printed and furnished 
to this Encampment and a supplemental report made by the com- 
mittee. I now ask that these printed copies be distributed to the 
comrades and that the committee make the balance of the report. 

It was moved and seconded that the Encampment take a recess 
of fifteen minutes. 

Comrade Burger, of the Potomac : In my judgment there is 
no question to come before this National body that is so important 
as this pension question. As I listened to the report yesterday I 
thought it was one of the best documents that was ever presented 
to this body in my connection with it. 

A point of order was made that the only question before the 
Encampment is the election of officers. 

The Commander-in-Chief : I will announce the special order 
which is the reception of visiting delegations. 

Grand Army of the Republic 305 

Comrade Burger : I desire to know whether I will be recog- 
nized to continue my remarks after the ladies have been presented. 

The Commander-in-Chief: Yes, you shall have the floor 

A delegation from the Woman's Relief Corps, consisting of 
Mrs. Carrie T. Alexander, of Illinois; Mrs. Sarah T. Fuller, of 
Massachusetts, and Mrs. Ellen M. Putnam, of New York, accom- 
panied by Miss Clara Barton, was presented to the Encampment 
by the Commander-in-Chief. Three cheers were proposed and 
given for Miss Barton. 

Mrs. Alexander addressed the Encampment as follows : 

Members of the Grand Army of the Republic, words fail me 
in which to express my appreciation for the honor conferred upon 
me. I am fully aware that it was not so much my peculiar fitness 
that brought me from the prairies of Illinois across the Alleghenies 
to carry greetings to the Grand Army, as it was the vicinage of my 
home and that of the two leaders whom we so proudly placed at 
the heads of our respective organizations just one year ago. To-day 
Illinois, with bowed head and saddened heart, stands beside the vacant 
chair and twines a wreath of forget-me-nots in memory of our de- 
parted Commander-in-Chief CoK James A. Sexton. My native State 
was the birth place of an organization that represents the grandest 
army of patriots that the world has ever seen, an army that fought 
not for plunder or conquest, but for a great and living principle, 
for liberty and justice, an army that uprooted the fallacy of seces- 
sion, that redeemed a race from bondage and that rescued the 
charter of American liberty from dishonor ; yes, comrades, an army 
that sacrificed the precious life blood of more than three hundred 
and sixty thousand of your comrades in order to vindicate and 
sanctify the glorious stars and stripes and make it possible to-day 
that its azure field of blue holds in equal honor each star of state- 

From every mother and daughter within the ranks of the 

Woman's Relief Corps wc bring to this honored gathering the olive 

branch of peace and good will. We are here to-day to pledge 

anew to our country and its defenders the support of one hundred 

and fifty thousand of America's loyal daughters who stand a solid 

306 Thirty-third National Encampment 

phalanx ready to advance any measure in the interest of liberty, 
humanity and peace. After an apprenticeship of sixteen years as 
your auxiliary, following in your footsteps, supplementing your 
good works, imbibing as well as inculcating lessons of patriotism, 
we are, like you, distinctly and unequivocably American. No mat- 
ter what our individual ideas may be concerning the management 
of the domestic affairs of our country, when it comes to upholding 
the dignity of the American government we present a solid front to 
foreign powers and we are one people with one cause under one flag. 
How these re-unions awaken echoes in your thoughts, reach- 
ing far back into the turbulent past and bringing you in sympa- 
thetic touch with the present. Especially here in the city of broth- 
erly love amid the influences of the places made memorable by 
those who fought in another war, we listen for the bugle call that 
will set the echoes flying and make it possible for you to enjoy the 
communion of friendship that has been welded in the fire of battle, 
and here under the shadow of Liberty's Bell, the home of the stars 
and the stripes, the patriots of 1776 together wjth Grant, Sherman, 
McPherson, Thomas, Logan and all comrades that have gone be- 
fore, seem to call from out the past to the present and their mes- 
sage has much to do in deciding public opinion and public senti- 
ment. As we look at your work, grander and more enduring than 
monuments of bronze or granite, we are proud but sorrowful. 
The Grand Army can hold its own in spite of everything except 
the invincible enemy, death, which cannot be stayed. It has been 
at work among you since your last Encampment. Many comrades 
are silent, they are asleep under death's pale flag. Yes, there are 
sad thoughts here not inharmonious with the occasion. There are 
none to succeed you ; your places must remain vacant when you 
pass from them, but, thank heaven, memory will bring you back 
to us and again we shall hear repeated over and over again your 
words of patriotism and loyalty and shall recall your deeds of valor 
and unselfishness. You have done excellently and to our latest 
breath we shall bless your memory and study your prosperity and 
when taps shall have sounded for the last one of you, our children's 
children will take your names upon their lips as a refrain, and 
carry in their hearts the lessons of patriotism and loyalty which 
posterity will contmue to foster so long as the stars and stripes 
float over a free and united people. 

Grand Army of the Republic 307 

It gives me great pleasure, Commander-in-Chief, to submit the 
report of my National President to you, and through you to your 
most excellent Encampment. 

The report is as follows : 

W. C. Johnson, 

Commander-in-Chief, G. A. R, 

Sir : I have the honor to extend to you, and through you to the Thirty- 
third National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic, the 
greetings and best wishes of the Woman's Relief Corps, and submit to yon 
the annual accounting of our stewardship in our labors as your auxiliary 
during the year ending Jane 30, 1899 : 

Number of Members 144,930 

Expended in Relief $61,335 08 

Turned over to Posts 38,126 47 

Relief other than money ... 62,658 12 

For National Woman's Relief Corps Home 8,794 77 

Army Nurses outside of the Home 165 00 

National Headquarters Relief 100 00 

For Memorial Day 10,800 20 

For Memorial Day in the South 1,028 00 

Expended for Spanish- American War 59,297 71 

Total amount of relief extended $242,305- 35 

Number of persons assisted by the various Corps . . . 9,353 

Balance in Relief Funds of Corps $56,364 99 

Balance in General Funds of Corps 106,764 06 

The National Treasurer's report shows a cash balance in 

General Fund of 18,910 96 

Cash in hands of National President 96 00 

Supplies valued at 4,901 66 

Total assets $23,908 62 

Liabilities, none. 

Total amount of Relief since orf,'anization to June 30, 1898 $1,692,150 76 
Total amount of Relief since ornanization to June 30, 1899 1,934,456 11 

While this report ^ives you the statistical accounting of our labors it 
cannot tell you of the thousands of visits made to the sick and needy, nor 
the comforting words spoken to cheer the weary. Ours is indeed a latwr of 
love, and we extend to you our hearty appreciation of your kindness, your 
assistance, and your loyalty. May the sunset of your existence as an order 

3o8 Thirty-third National Encampment 

and as comrades, be one of glorious colorings, and when you reach the 
golden mists of evening may the Woman's Relief Corps stand by your side 
still your helpers in Fraternity, Charity and Loyalty. 

In F. C. and L., 


National President W. E. C. 

The Commander-in-Chief : Comrades, it is very evident that 
the ladies are much better financiers than the old boys are. I will 
call upon Judge Advocate General Torrance to respond to the very 
eloquent report just made. 

The Jxhdge Advocate General : Mrs. Alexander and most 
excellent women : We are delighted beyond all power of words to 
express, to see you here this morning. This has been a beautiful 
day, the sky has been filled with sunshine and this room with good 
fellowship, but your presence has added greatly to the brightness of 
the place and to the joy of the occasion. Ever since Queen Isabella 
laid her jewels at the feet of Columbus and bade him discover a new 
world, woman has been a potent power for ihe good and the pure 
and the uplifting of American civilization ; she has always stood at 
the altar of liberty and this Nation to-day owes to woman all that is 
good and glorious and of true value. We are glad to see you here 
arid I will be permitted I am sure to make a special mention of one 
who was present with us in the olden times and who herself never 
grows old. She is known as Miss Clara Barton, but we know her 
as Clara Barton. Her face and her form was seen in many a hos- 
pital and on many a march and I might say that it is true that we 
never marched in the darkness of the night, that we never suffered 
in the hospital, that we never laid upon the field of battle suffering 
from wounds, that the invisible form of woman was not present, 
ministering to us, and it was her prayers and her faith and her love 
that nerved our hearts and strengthened our arms and made it pos- 
sible for us to perform our duty and win great victories in behalf of 
constitutional liberty. God bless the dear women of America. 

The Commander-in-Chief ; I have the pleasure of presenting 
to you Mr. Theodore A. Barton, of Rhode Island, Mr. Louis M. 
Wagner, of Pennsylvania, Mr. Chas. P. Moies, of Rhode Island, 
Mr. Charles F. Perkins, of Massachusetts and Mr. William De 

Grand Army of the Republic 309 

Steese, of Wisconsin, representatives of that grand organization 
which we all love, the Sons of Veterans. Mr. Barton will address 

Mr. Barton : Commander-in-Chief, my father^s comrades, / 
by the grace of God we are sons of veterans. By direction of the 
Commander-in-Chief of the order of Sons of Veterans, U.S.A. and 
by your courtesy, we are here this morning simply to say to you, 
our fathers, good morning, God bless you. Of the objects and 
principles of the order of Sons of Veterans, it is needless for me to 
speak. You know your records and you know the records of the 
order of Sons of Veterans in the Spanish-American war, you know 
of Funston, of Kansas, of Darling, of Massachusetts, of Abbott, of 
Rhode Island, you know of the arrangement which is now being 
carried out at Camp Sexton and of the magnificent appearance made 
in the parade on Tuesday. It would be ill advised for us to detain 
you at this time. We only come to say our greetings. To you 
comrades here present, we say God be with you ever, to our 
fathers* comrades who have passed on we simply say requiescat in 
/fzr<f, God rest their souls. The objects and principles of our Order I 
are such that as honest sons of loyal sires our only wish is to do 
your will, not ours. Tell us what you want and we will do it as 
long as we have the breath of life. We know you are with us and 
we are with you unto the death. Good morning. 

The CoMxMander-in-Chief: I will call upon Comrade General 
J. W. Keifer, of Ohio, to respond. 

Comrade Keifer, of Ohio : Comrades of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, it is not fitting that at this stage of your meeting I 
should attempt a lengthy response to this beautiful address coming 
from the Sons of Veterans. A thought occurs to me to express, 
and that will cover all that I desire to say. In the organizations of 
the Daughters of the Revolution, the Sons of the Revolution, and 
so on, they are hunting up the records, going back to revolutionary 
times to find somewhere in their ancestry a brave soldier who fought 
for liberty. There is no hunting around for wealth or high social 
relations in the days of the Revolution, but to trace the blood of 
some soldier who fought under Washington to give imperial title; 
and so it is perhaps coniforling to ns to know that in the centuries 
to come our records will be looked up to to find loyal blood that 

3TO Thirty-third National Encampment 

came not by inheritance, but that won its crown upon the battle 
field. So in response to these young men who come representing 
an organization that is but one generation removed from the old 
soldiers of the Civil War I say God speed to them. They have 
proven their readiness, their willingness and their valor in fighting 
the battles of our country within the last two years. I can bear 
personal testimony to that. They have shown their readiness and 
their willingness to fight for liberty and to secure it and perpetuate 
it through all the history of this country, and whether it be one of 
expansion or whether we are to stand still in the presence of the 
world, we shall stand as the great and only Republic of the ages 
that truly represents liberty and law. 

Miss Clara Barton addressed the Encampment as follows : 

Comrades, it is thirty-five years since you first knew me. I 
have been with you all that time in works of some kind. I am at 
work still. If you had need of me I should be at work for and with 
you. If you ever see any way in which you can help in any work 
which I am doing, the way is open, and if I see any way to help 
you I shall do it. I bid you farewell for this day. We may never 
meet again. I come very unexpectedly before you. 1 am with you 
heart and soul in the years that are yours now and yet to come. 
God bless you all. 

Comrade Urell, of the Potomac : I want to say, and Miss 
Barton will remember, that I had the honor of seeing her in San- 

After the visiting delegations withdrew, Comrade Burger was 

Comrade Burger: Prior to the ladies presenting themselves 
here, I said in my judgment there is no other question pending 
before this organization today that has as much interest to those 
whom we represent as the question of the action that we shall take 
on the report of the Pension Committee. We are here as repre- 
sentatives of ihree hundred thousand comrades and of the widows 
of those who have gone to the other shore. We are here as the 
representatives of the minor children of comrades who have passed 
away, and in my judgment the thing for us to do is to stand firm 
for the right 

Grand Army of the Republic 311 

The Commander-in-Chief : There is nothing before the 

Comrade Burger : I am about to make a motion. In order 
that we may act rightly and conscientiously, I desire to make a 
motion that the report of the Committee on Pensions, the addi- 
tional report that they have prepared, be now read and that it be 
made a special order for four o'clock this afternoon. 

Comrade 0*Donnell, of Illinois : I rise to a point of order. 
We referred this report back to the Pension Committee last night 
with instructions to bring a report here, and before that report is 
offered and is before the Encampment, I do not see how we can 
discuss it intelligently. VVe can waste a whole lot of time, but we 
won't accomplish anything until that Pension Committee makes 
their report. I ask the Chair to rule. 

The Commander-in-Chief ; Are you ready to hear the re- 

Cries of ''Yes," '*Yes.'' 

Comrade Brown, of Ohio : Commander-in-Chief and com- 
rades, the National Committee on Pensions returns to you its re- 
port without a line changed. We submit this paper: 

Philadelphia, Pa , September 6, 1899. 

Commnndcr-in-Chiff and OnnradcH : Your Committee on Pensions re- 
spectfully presents this Supplemental KeiK)rt, pursuant to tlie instructions 
of this Encampment : 

We respectfully direct attention to section 471 of the Revised Statutes of 
the U. S., which reads as follows : Sec. 471. " The Commissioner of 
Pensions shall perform, under the direction of the SecTctary of the Interior, 
Buch duties in the execution of the various pension and bounty-land laws 
as may be prescribed bv the President."' 

Resolved, This Encampment respectfully represents to the President of 
the United States its earncv^t conviction that Kule No. 225 now in practical 
efl<»ct in the adjudication ol' claims for ])en.sious, under section 2 of the Act 
of June 27, 1890, in the IN'iisiou llureau. works ^rave injustice to worthy 
ex-soldiers and sjiilors. and we express the hoj>e that you may lind it con- 
sLstent with your duties, as an administrative oflicer. to abrojjjate this rule 
and reestiiblish the principle as detiiied in Rule No. 1(U. I'nder the oper- 
ation of Rule No. 1()4, formulated arid juil into effect soon alter the pas.««agc 

312 Thirty-third National Encampment 

of this act unquestionably responsive to public sentiment and based upon 
sound legal propositions— in a word, the simple expression of the letter and 
spirit of the law, four hundred thousand names were added to the pension 
rolls of the republic and to which no objectiou was heard for years after its 

Resolved^ This Encampment respectfully represents that the practice in 
the Pension Bureau in barring widow claimants who have an income of J96 
a year, from a pension, is not warranted by the terms of the law and we 
warmly endorse the recommendation of the Commissioner of Pensions to 
successive Secretaries of the Interior that the limitation be increased to 
$250 per year. 

Resolved, That the Commander-in-Chief appoint a committee of five 
comrades to present to the President a certified copy of the action of this 
National Encampment with an expression of our earnest desire for justice 
only to our disabled comrades and the widows and orphans of our dead, 
under the letter and spirit of the law. 

Resolved^ That this committee is hereby authorized and directed, in the 
event it is determined that relief may not be afibrded by the administrative 
officers of the government, to present to the Congress a request for the 
amendment of the law in such form its will make certain the true intent of 
the statute, as we now believe it should be construed as herein represented. 

R. B. BROWN, of Ohio, 

J. W. BURST, of Illinois, 

J. PALMER, of New York, 

CHARLES CLARKE ADAMS, of Massachusetts. 

This is signed by Brown, Burst, Palmer and Adams, Comrade 
Case not having yet reported or advised the committee as to his 
absence from this Encampment. 

Comrade Sickles, of New York : I rise to move the adoption 
of the report of the Committee on Pensions. I am glad to see that 
they have embodied in that supplemental report a concise resume 
of the larger and more extended report made yesterday. I am glad 
to notice that they indicate as the basis of their report the statute to 
which I had the honor to refer yesterday, which makes it the duty 
of the President of the United States to prescribe the rules which 
shall govern the Pension Bureau in the execution of the pension 
laws. There is where we must take our stand. The statutes of the 
United States liave placed this responsibility on the President, not 
on the Secretary of the Interior and not on the Commissioner of 
Pensions. Those two officials execute the will and the order of the 
President, whose duty it is to supervise the rules and regulations 

Grand Army of the Republic 313 

under which these pension laws shall be administered. Now sir, 
with a comrade in the presidential chair, a comrade whose sympa- 
thies we know are with us and with those we represent, we can have 
no fear, no doubt, that justice will be done those in whose behalf 
we are about to appeal to him. I cannot doubt, I will not permit 
myself to doubt, that the appeal of this Encampment in the name of 
our comrades, in the name of the widows of those who have fallen 
and of the orphans, that a response will be given to that appeal 
which shall be satisfactory to us and to all whom we represent and 
to the people of this country. I move the adoption of that report. 

Comrade Sample, of Pennsylvania : Believing that the report 
is eminently fair and dignified and a correct expression of the sen- 
timent of this Encampment, I second the motion. 

The motion unanimously prevailed. 

Comrade Sample, of Pennsylvania, offered the following pre- 
amble and resolutions, which were unanimously adopted : 

Whereas, The Report of the Pension Committee on the subject of the 
administration of the pension hiws of this country, was a iair, impartial and 
dignilied presentation of the entire matter to this Encampment so much so 
as to secure the unanimous endorsement of this Encampment ; therefore, 
be it 

Jirsohrd^ That the unanimous and earnest thanks of this Encampment 
be and they are hereby tendered to the Pension Committee of the National 
Encampment for the zeal, earnestness and honesty with which they have 
discharged the delicate task assigned to them. 

Renoh'i'd, That t lie foregoing shall be inserted in the Journal immedi- 
ately tbllowing the action of the Encami)ment on the c>upplemental Kei)ort 
of the Pension Committee. 

TIIOS. (J. S.VMTLE, Pennsylvania. 

Comrade Kay, of New York : The action you have just taken 
does you honor. A committee is provided for under that resolution. 
I want to move that the Conimittee consist of R. B. Brown, John 
Palmer, J. W. Burst, Charles Clark Adams and the senior living 
volunteer officer of the Union armies during tlie Rebellion as I 
think, General Daniel K. Siekles, to present this matter to the Pres- 
ident of the United States. 

The motion prevailed. 

314 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Comrade Dodge, of Indiana: Believing that the action of 
this Encampment of yesterday was wise, believing that its action 
this morning is wise, and for the purpose of furthering the inter- 
ests of the Grand Army of the Republic, I move you that the 
Adjutant General be instructed to have a sufficient number of 
copies of this report printed containing the Section of the United 
States Statutes as read, to be delivered to the different Assistant 
Adjutant Generals of the several departments for distribution among 
the members. 

Comrade O'Donnell, of Illinois: A point of information. 
Will not this report of the committee and the report of the action 
of this Encampment be published in the proceedings of the En- 
campment ? 

The Adjutant General : Yes, sir. 

Comrade O'Donnell : If that is true will not all the Depart- 
ments be furnished with copies, and if that is so what is the use of 
going to this additional expense? 

The Adjutant- General : Every Post is furnished with a 

Comrade Dodge: My desire is to carry the information to 
the comrades' firesides, and I believe that this Encampment can well 
afford the expense of printing it in pamphlet form so that it may be 
distributed and the information carried to the comrades themselves^ 
and not filed away in the Post room. 

The motion prevailed. 

Comrade Wagner : The Ladies of the G. A. R. are present. 
The coachman took them out to Camp Sexton thinking we were 
there. I simply make this announcement now. I want to say 
about this printing that a copy of this report ought to be sent to 
each Post of the Grand Army, no matter what it costs. 

Comrade Adams, of Massachusetts : Comrade Wagner says 
that a copy ought to be sent to each Post. No one objects to that 
but the idea of the mover of the motion is that a copy go into the 
hands of each comrade. To go to the Post is one thing, but to 
distribute these reports to every individual we are going to be pretty 
old before it gets around to the comrade at the fireside and the 

Grand Army of the Republic 315 

effect is going to be lost and the money is going to be wasted. I 
don't believe we could afford- to do it, I don't think it is good 
judgment to do it and I do think that Comrade Wagner's idea of a 
copy to each Post is all right. 

The Commander-in-Chief ; Comrade Dodge, do we under- 
stand your motion to mean to print enough to send to every mem- 
ber of the Grand Army, or to the Posts only ? 

Comrade Dodge ; My proposition is to get a copy of this 
report, together with the supplemental report that was made this 
morning, into the hands of every Post of the Grand Army in 
the United States at the earliest possible moment. 

The Commander-in-Chief : Into the Post? 

Comrade Dodge: Yes, sir. Comrades have been -talking 
about the expense. This matter is in type now, the expense has 
been incurred largely and it cannot hurt anything now. 

Comrade O'Donnell, of Illinois: The gentleman has com- 
menced to hedge and he has got back to my proposition that this 
be printed in the proceedings of the Encampment and distributed 
one copy to each Post. That was my suggestion in the first place. 

The Commander-in-Chief: Tliat matter is settled. 

Comrade Warner, of Missouri : I rise to an inquiry. Would 
it not be perfectly proper for this Encampment to authorize the 
Adjutant-General to give this report and the supplemental report 
to the press ? We will have it sooner, we will get it into the hands 
of more comrades, and we will place the Grand Army of the Re- 
public upon proper ground before the country. Therefore, if it is 
in order, I move that the Adjutant-General be directed to furnish 
a copy of this report and the supplemental report to the press of the 
country for publication. 

The motion prevailed. 

The Commani»er- in-Chief : I have the pleasure of present- 
ing to you Mrs. Delia Rawlings of Kansas, Mrs, Olive Allison of 
Indiana, and Mrs. Florence B. Cairnes of Ohio, a committee from 
the Ladies of the G. A. R, 

3i6 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Mrs. Rawlings addressed the Encampment as follows : 

Commander-in-Chief and Comrades of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, I bring you to-day greetings of love and God-speed 
from the loved ones of your living and dead comrades. I feel a just 
pride when I stand in your presence, knowing that the blood that 
courses through my veins is that of one of your comrades. I feel 
that one should be skilled in golden oratory to be able to address 
these grand men who made American prosperity possible by main- 
taining American unity against all the power that secession could 
bring to bear, and when we look at the work you did during those 
four awful years the prowess of all other nations fades into insig- 
nificance. How the time flits by. It seems as though it were only 
yesterday since the great armies of the blue and gray were grap- 
pling with each other. Part of the way up the hill you were ene- 
mies, but thanks be to the guiding hand of Him who was always 
the God of both, you are going down the slope arm in arm under 
the folds of the stars and stripes, the flag of our Union, and away 
up in the clouds of the great battle at Santiago we seem to see two 
clasped hands, one arm in blue, one in gray. One face is Grant's 
and one is Lee's. We are one. The southern moss grows by the 
northern pine. South Carolina marches beside Kansas, and we hear 
the shouts of commingling voices that tyranny and despotism shall 
never build its altars on this western hemisphere. 

1 know women who would travel this continent over to prove 
their eligibility to membership in the Daughters of the Revolution. 
I prize my right to be a member of the Ladies of the Grand Army 
of the Republic far above that. The bright threads of the dear 
old flag are forever twining about the heart strings of the Ladies of 
the Grand Army, and acknowledging the spirit that is wafted to us 
from the bitilefields of our fathers, husbands, sons and brothers, 
we resolve to be true to their memories as long as the light and 
warmth of life remains in us. 

Commander-in Chief, I want to present you with the emblem 
of the Sun-flower State, my native home. 

Mrs. Rawlins pinned a sun-flower upon the breast of the Com- 
mander-in Chief. 

The Commander-in-Chief : Thank you. We are all pleased 
to have you among us. I will call upon Past-Commander-in-Chief 
Gobin to respond. 

Grand Army of the Republic 317 

Comrade Gobin : It is most remarkable how history repeats 
itself. Man is peculiar in many things and in none so particularly 
and especially peculiar as in his delight to hear sweet words from 
womankind. He started many years ago to indulge in these 
pleasures and the older he gets the more fond he seems to become 
of them. We receive your greetings, ladies, with great satisfaction 
and pleasure. These men appreciate your good work, they appre- 
ciate the work of all the ladies in connection with their services as 
Grand Army men, whether it be upon the battlefield, in the home 
circle, around your firesides where you teach the boys and girls, 
the future men and women of this country,, patriotism, love of 
country and devotion to the flag. We are delighted to meet you 
and hear your words. One of the things which the Grand Army 
of the Republic admires is that in the selection of these committees 
they send us the handsomest women they have, and we carry to 
our homes recollections of these magnificent specimens of woman- 
hood who come from Kansas, from Illinois and from Ohio. I 
congratulate you upon the good work you have done, and in the 
name of the Grand Army I ask you to continue it. 

The Committee on the Report of the Inspector-General pre- 
sented the following which was adopted : 

Philadelphia, September 7, 1890. 
Thos. J. Stewart, 

Adjuianf-Crcnerdl G. A. R. 

Sir and Comrade : Your coiuinittee to wliom was referred the Keport 
of the Inspector-General have considered the same, and reconnnend that so 
much of the rei)ort as rehites to a change in the rules and reguhitions he 
referre<l to the Committee on Rultjs and Regulations. The reference to in- 
accuracies in the reports of Department Inspectors, which render the sta- 
tistics as given in Form IC 2 almost valueless, suggests the advisahility of 
the Committee on Rules and ICegulations considering the whole matter of 
Post Inspections, to determine what changes, if any, are neccssiiry to secure 
correct reports 

rillLIl* S. CHASK, of Rhode Island, 
.IAS. O'DONNKLL, of Illinois, 
F. (i. lUTTFRFIFl.D, of Vermont, 
JOHN (;. j;. ADAMS, of Massachusetts, 
HENRY A. NORTON, of Minnesota. 

31 8 Thirty -third National Encampment 

The following report was presented and adopted : 

Philadelphia. September 7, 1899 
T«os. J. Stewart, 

Adjutant General, 

Comrade; — ^Yonr committee appoiuted to examine and report on the 
Report of Quartermaster General Spink begs to submit : 

Upon examination of accounts and accompanying vouchers they are 
found to be absolutely correct. The reduced condition of the balance of 
cash on hand admonishes us that renewed and continued economies are 
absolutely necessary. The committee has no recommendations as to any 
plan for such economies, feeling content that the officers to be elected and 
appointed will be glad to develop a system looking to an economic admin- 
istration of our finances. 

The success attendant upon the continued issue of supplies from the 
office of the Custodian of Records induces your committee to repeat the 
recommendation of the Committee on the Quartermaster General's Report 
of a year ago : 

**We consider the proposition that all supplies be received and shipped 
by the Custodian of Records, in Philadelphia, and that semi-annual reports 
from Departments should be sent to said Custodian, to be by him kept on 
file for ready reference, eminently wise, and recommend its adoption." 

In referring to the Custodian of Records, Quartermaster General Spink, 
in his report submitted to this Encampment, says : 

** His prompt, intelligent, conscientious and faithful work in the pur- 
chasing and issuance of all supplies, justifies me in reiterating the recom- 
mendation of my predecessor, * that this method of handling supplies be 
continued.' '' 

Your committee earnestly recommends the re-adoption of the above. 

Fraternally submitted, 

JAS. F. MORRISON, of Pennsylvania, 
J. C. BIGGAR, of Texas 
W. L. PALMER, of South Dakota, 
A. L. SCHIMPFF, of Illinois, 
CHAS. BURROWS, of New Jereey. 

Comrade Fowler, of Arkansas, moved that the Encampment 
take a recess until 2 o'clock, and the motion was not seconded. 

The Adjutant-General called the roll of departments for nom- 
ination for Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief. 

Comrade Hammond, of Kentucky : It affords me great 
pleasure to present to you for Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief one 

Grand Army of the Republic 319 

of the sons of the fair south land, one who in the early day.s of '61 
when it was worth a mans life to proclaim his loyalty to *' Old 
Glory/* was among the very first to take up arms in its defense, 
one who has served in the Grand Army of the Republic ever 
since its incipiency in Kentucky and in every capacity, from 
outside sentinel to Department Commander. He is the unanimous 
choice of Kentucky and we ask that the south land be given 
this office. All that has been said in regard to the previous candi- 
dates for the various offices can well be said of the comrade that I 
am about to name. No member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public in distress has ever approached him and gone away empty 
handed. The welfare of the old comrades, their widows and or- 
phans he has always looked after. He is a man whose character is 
unblemished, a man that would be a credit to the National En- 
campment, a man well qualified to fill any position in the Grand 
Army of the Republic, and it affords me great pleasure to nominate 
Comrade Michael Minton, of Kentucky. 

Comrade Linehan, of New Hampshire : I move that Com- 
rade Michael Minton be elected Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief 
by acclamation. 

No objection being heard, the question was put and unani- 
mously carried in the affirmative, and Comrade Minton declared 

The Adjutant-General called the roll of Departments for nomi- 
nations for the office of Surgeon-General. 

Comrade Gilman, of Massachusetts : Massachusetts wants 
little in this Encampment, but wants that little very much. It has a 
comrade who served both in the army and the navy, a son of Penn- 
sylvania and an adopted son of Massachusetts, Medical-Director of 
the Department of Massachusetts for two years, and above and 
beyond that Surgeon of the largest Post in our order for the last 
fifteen years and one who has had extended practice, has attended 
every sick comrade of that Post in all that time and at the close of 
each year has presented his Post with a receipted bill for his services. 
That is the manner in which he has exemplified the principles of 
our order. He is a grand, good comrade, one whom you will be 
proud of and whom we have always been proud of. I nominate on 
behalf of Massachusetts, Comrade William H. Baker, of Post No. 5. 

320 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Comrade Duklap, of Indiana: I move that Comrade Baker 
be elected by acclamation. 

'I'he motion prevailed and Comrade Baker was declared duly 
elected Surgeon-General for the ensuing year. 

The Adjutant-General called the roll of the Departments for 
nominations for the office of Chaplain-in-Chief. 

Comrade Hartleit, of Maryland : Commander-in-Chief and 
comrades, on l>ehalf of the Department of Maryland, than which 
there is none more loyal, I present for your consideration the name 
of a minister of the gospel who preaches in the city of Baltimore 
but who in the early days of the great struggle was a boy of about 
seventeen, and what was siid of Comrade Rassieur, of Missouri, 
would every word apply to Comrade Grimm, of Maryland. He 
was one of the lo>al men or loyal boys of Western Maryland when 
every tendency of that State was to sweep the State into the vortex 
of secession, and he, with a few in the western part of the State, 
stood for the Union. At the first call for men he left his school 
and grabbed his musket. He served four years and did his duty 
all the time. He left the army and became a school teacher. He 
has been teaching loyalty and kindness to his fellow man. He 
became a minister of the Gospel ; he is a German Lutheran, I be- 
lieve, but I think his religion is broad. He preaches Christ and 
Him crucified. I name tor your Chaplain-in-Chief Jacob L. 
Grimm, of Maryland. 

Comrades from the Departments of New York and the Potomac 
seconded the nomination. 

Comrade Haoerty, of Missouri: I move that we elect Com- 
rade Grimm by acclamation. We want a good deal of praying 
and a good deal of broad praying next year. 

The motion prevailed unanimously and Comrade Grimm was 
declared duly elected Chaplain-in-Chief for the ensuing year. 

The Adjutant-General read the list of comrades nominated by 
the several departments as members of the Council of Administra- 
tion, and on motion of Comrade Druckemiller, of Pennsylvania, 
they were elected by acclamation and so declared. 

The list is as follows : 

Grand Army of the Republic 


Alabama M. D. Wickersham . Mobile 

Arizona Charles D delden . Phoenix 

Arkansas Peter S. Smith . . . Little Roek 

California and Nevada . . C. A, Woodruff . . Governor's Island, N. Y. 

Colorado and Wyoming . J. B. Cooke .... Denver 

Connecticut D. W. Sharpe . . . Guillord 

Delaware VViu field Scott Byron Wilmington 

Florida . T. S. Wilmarth . . Jacksonville 

Georgia J. A. Cumnierford . Marietta 

Idaho . . R. Pickering . • • Gennessee 

Illinois Thomas W. Scott . Fairfield 

Indiana Wm. H. Armstrong Indianapolis 

Indian Territory . . . . R. M. J. Shriver . . Miami 

Iowa P. H. Lenon .... Guthrie Center 

Kansas P. H. Coney .... Topeka 

Kentucky C. H. Bliss .... Louisville 

Louisiana & Mississippi . Clayton Sims . . . New Orleans 

Maine E. A. Butler . . . Rockland 

Maryland Marian A. Brian . . Baltimore (Custom House) 

Massachusetts E. T. Harvell . . . Rockland 

Michigan Aaron T. Bliss . . Saginaw 

Minnesota Loren W. Collins . St. Cloud 

Missouri Frank M. Sterrett . St. Louis( 6900 Clayton Ave) 

Montana If. S. Howell . . . Helena 

Nebraska Andrew Traynor . . Omaha 

New Hampshire John Drown . . . Dover 

New Jersey Tames A. Morrissoe Paterson 

New Mexico Leveret t Clarke . . Albuquerque 

New York John Conwav . . Albanv (212 Elm St.) 

North Dakota George K. Winship (irand Forks 

Ohio B. M. Moultou . . Lima 

Oklahoma Jolin T. Baldwin , Hennessey 

Oregon A. J. Good brood . . Union 

Pennsylvania William F. Stewart Pliila. (311 E. Girard Ave) 

Potomac Lorenzo Vanderlioef Washingtonf 931 French St) 

Rhode Island Nelson Vial I . . . Howard 

South Dakota E. W. Foster . . . Armour 

Tennessee George W. Patten . Chattanooga 

Texas John L. Tygard . . Dennison 

Utah F. M. Bishop . . . Salt Lake City 

Vermont John W. Currier . . North Troy 

Virginia and N. Carolina . James E. Fuller . . Norfolk, Va. 

Washington and Alaska • Harry A. Bigelow . Seattle (Wash.) 

West Virginia W. C Leonard . . Parkersburg 

Wisconsin A. H. DeGroff . . . Nelson 


322 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Tiie Committee on the Report of the Adjutant General sub- 
mitted the following, which, on motion, was adopted : 

Philadelphia, Pa., September 7, 1899. 

To the Thirty-third National Encampment^ O. A. B. 

Comrades : — The committee to whom was referred the Report of the 
Adjutant-General have the honor to submit the following : 

The repoit is replete with valuable information and timely suggestions. 

While the loss by death in our Order has increased somewhat in ratio 
and must be deplored, we note with concern the diminution in our ranks by 
reason of '' suspensions '* amounting to 22,952 during the past year. It is 
not to be expected that any material gain can be made from sources of re- 
cruitment, and therefore attention should be turned towards regaining from 
the suspended and dropped list, besides by all possible means preventing 
what seems to be an excessive increase therein. 

The loss in per capita tax arising from decrease in membership, to- 
gether with a decreasing demand for supplies, is making serious inroads 
upon the revenues of our organization, and will ultimately seriously affect 
its financial support. 

We note what has been said by the Adjutant-General in reference to 
the duties and compensation of the Quartermaster-General, Custodian of 
Records and Stenographer of the Headquarters of the Adjutant General's 
Office, and we concur in the recommendations therein made, and that the 
Council of Administration in fixing the compensation of all officers and em- 
ployees be requested to do soon a basis comniensuiate with the duties im- 
posed and labor involved. 

In consideration of the condition of the finances, we recommend that 
the salary of the Assistant Adjutant General be discontinued, and that the 
Council of Administration fix such salary for the Adjutant-General as the 
revenues will admit of, consistent with the welfare of our Order. 

In pursuance with the action of the Thirty-first and Thirty-second 
National Encampments, the Adjutant-GtMieral has, by announcement in 
General Orders, endeavored to secure subscrii)ti()ns for a republication of the 
Journals of the National Encampments, together with the General Orders 
of each year. Thus far his efforts have not met with such success as will 
justify further action, and we, therefore, recommend that additional effort 
be discontinued. 

We are impressed with the necessity for a revision of blank forms, as 
pointed out by the Adjutant-General, and recommend that the action taken 
bv the Thirtv-second National Encampment in reference thereto be carried 

The Adjutant-General has again given his valuable services to our or- 
ganiziition without compensation, thereby contributing very uiaterially to 
its prosperity. 

Grand Army of the Republic 323 

We believe that the welfare of the Grand Army of the Republic not 
only demands a permanent office for National Headquarters, but we are at 
the sanle time convinced that it also requires the services of a comrade in 
•charge of that office who has become familiarized with all its duties. 

Your committee desires to express its satisfaction at the full and succinct 
report presented by the Adjutant-General and commend it to the comrades 
of the Encampment as one of unusual interest. 

We heartily concur in the recommendation of the Commander-in-Chief 
with reference to procuring a suitable testimonial for Thomas J. Stewart, the 
Adj utant-General. 

Submitted in F. C. and L. 

ARTHUR HENDRICKS, of Potomac, 1 

B. M. HICKS, of Minnesota, | 

JAMES P. AVERILL, of Georgia, j^ Committee. 

EDWARD C. SWETT, of Maine, | 

R. M. SMOCK, of Indiana, j 

Comrade Weissert, of Wisconsin, presented the Report of the 
Committee on Resolutions and the different subjects therein em- 
braced were acted upon separately, as follows 

The following was offered by Comrade Theodore F. Lang, of 
Maryland, and the committee 'report adversely : 

Whereas, A sentiment of the broadest and most patriotic character 
now generally prevails throuirhout the country, held alike by civilians, sol- 
diers and sailors, both Federals and Confederates, who favor a return of the 
captured Confederate tia«;s that have been possessed by the Government 
since the days of the Civil War ; therefore, 

Resolved^ That it is the sense (»f this Thirty third National Encampment 
of the (irand Army of the Kepiihlic, that on request of the Governors of the 
several former southern states, the Federal Government return the captured 
flags, now in ita possession, to said Governors or their authorized represen- 

Comrade Lang : I move the adoption of the resolution in 
place of the report of the committee. I would return the flags. 
There is no good reason why the flags should be retained. No 
one wishes to hold a ca|)tured flag except it be the colors of an 
enemy. While the flags are not held by the Nation with any feel- 
ing of triumph, they are nevertheless evidence of a triumph and of 
a defeat. This evidence should be destroyed. We have no enemy 
here in this country, we are brothers, we are fellow-countrymen, 
we- are loyal and united citizens of a common Republic, and hence 

324 Thirty-third National Encampment 

I hold there is no reason why every evidence of bygone bitterness 
should not be obliterated. I believe in returning the flags at this 
time, I believe in performing every act of fraternal chivalry which 
will weld our Nation into a solid and everlasting firmness. I have 
unbounded faith in the patriotism of my Southern fellow citizens, 
and because of that faith I want to blot out all traces of former 
enmity. An act of such genuine chivalry would naturally excite 
the warmest sentiments of appreciation in the hearts of the 
Southern people. The late war with Spain proves the loyalty of 
the South. They were among the first and foremost to volunteer 
to uphold the stars and stripes. Wheeler and Lee stood side by 
side with Dewey and Schley and Shafter and Roosevelt, and their 
heroes of the rank and file stood in solid phalanx against the 
common enemy. Then let us ask the return of the captured flags. 
They are naturally and very properly of tender personal value to 
the people of the South. I mean by that that they are reverenced 
especially because of their past tragic associations. They repre- 
sent the valor of their best and most admired heroes. Why, then, 
should we hold the flags? Let us act the better part, return them 
and bury the past with its scars and wounds. 

Comrade Wagner, of Pennsylvania: This is a subject in 
which I am intensely interested and I am opposed to the resolution. 
I am opposed to the phraseology of the resolution. The resolution 
asks that the Federal Government shall return these flags. Thank 
God there is no such thing. There is a government of the United 
States of America, but no Federal Government. They attempted 
to make, under these flags which this resolution proposes to return, 
a Federal Government, but, thank God, they did not succeed. 

The Government of the United States cannot return these 
flags even if it desires to do so. It will be many a long day and 
some exceedingly cold weather — I will not use the favorite expres- 
sion about a place being frozen over — before the State of Pennsyl- 
vania, which has some of these flags, will return them to anybody. 
I admire the thought of the comrade that he should like to 
have the last vestige of this unfortunate strife destroyed. Some- 
body said burn ihem. I should like to have the last vestige de- 
stroyed. Here is the chairman of the committee who hasn't had 
time this morning to dress the running wound which he has carried 
about with him since 1863, and I haven't time to retire to the 

Grand Army of the Republic 325 

ante-room and fix mine that I have been carrying around since 
1862. These are things that I should like to have obliterated. 
Now, Commander-in-Chief and comrades, when the men of the 
Grand Army of the Republic who have lost arms and legs have 
re-grown their arms and legs, then will be the time to return these 
flags. When members of the Grand Army of the Republic can 
draw resolutions recognizing the fact that there is a Government of 
the United States of America and no Federal Government, then 
there will be time to talk about returning the flags. 

Comrade Stebbins, of Virginia: If you return these flags to 
the south, where I live and have lived fpr the last eighteen years, 
they will be used to be flaunted in the faces of the men who fought 
under the stars and stripes. It won't wipe out sectionalism, but it 
will tend to keep the issue alive. 

Comrade Weissert ; The members of the committee were 
generally of the opinion that it was altogether unnecessary to re- 
turn the captured flags, because there are already too many of them 
down there. 

Comrade Shoale.s, of Georgia : I hope the action of the 
Committee on Resolutions will be approved, and I speak as one 
who has lived in the State of Georgia for years, Until they per- 
mit a school book to be kept in the public schools of the State of 
Georgia that shall admit that the war was a war of rebellion, I do 
not want to send tliem hack. If they are to be used by the rebel 
survivors in glorifying the cause for wliich they fought, I do not 
want to see them returned. 

The report of the committee was adopted. 

The committee recommended that the following resolution be 
not adopted : 

Resolved, That in tlK'Jinliiinent of tliis Ijicainpnient the Sous of Veter- 
ans should be adniittcd to incinlMTsliij) in the (iraiid Army of thc^ Kci)ublic 

for ;i jK'riod of years and tliereby be entitled to all the social features 

of tlie organization, but not to have a voice or vote in its rej^ular jiroeeedings, 
and at the expiration of said y(;ars they sliall be entitled to full mem- 
bership, with all the ii<;hts and luivibMre'^ apjxTtaininj; thereto, and thus 
succeed to the full heirship ot the (Jrand Army of the Kepublie as its legit- 
imate successors. 

326 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Besolved, further^ That this matter be referred by the Commander-in- 
Chief-elect to the several departments for discussion and action at their next 
regnlar Encampments, and delegates to the Thirty-fourth National En- 
campment to be instructed accordingly, at which time this question shall 
come up for discussion and definite action. 

Respectfully submitted, 



Member of Lipcoln Post, No. 3, Department of the Potomac. 
Approved : 


Cammander Dept, of the Potomac. 

August 6, 1899. 

Comrade Bingham, of the Potomac : As the comrade who 
presented the resolution, I agree with the report of the committee. 
I shall be satisfied if the chairman of the committee will read the 
preamble and resolutions for the information of the Encampment. 

The report of the committee was adopted. 

The committee recommended that the following be referred 
to the incoming Council of Administration, and the recommend- 
ation was concurred in. 

Philadelphia, Pa., Sept. 6, 1899. 

Whereas, The Daughters of Veterans now have a National organiza- 
tion and are composed of our own Daughters ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the Daughters of Veterans be and liereby are recognized 
by the Grand Army of the Republic as auxiliary to the Grand Army of the 

Resolution offered by Chas. H. Wickham, Representative Department 
of New York. 

Comrade Wagner, of Pennsylvania: I move that all the 
resolutions on the subject of pensions in the hands of the Com- 
mittee on Resolutions be referred to the Committee on Pensions 
without further reading. 

The motion prevailed. 

Comrade Weissert: They have all been referred. 

The committee recommended that the following, offered by 
Comrade L. E. Griffith, of New York, be referred to the incom- 
ing Council of Administration, and the recommendation was con- 
curred in. 

Grand Army of the Republic 327 

Besolvedj That it is the sense of this Encampment that there shall be 
faraished to each Department attending future National Encampments, 
proper and suitable rooms for Department headquarters, without expense 
to such Departments. 

Resolved^ That the subject matter of this action be brought to the atten- 
tion of the local committees of cities where Encampments are to be held. 

The committee recommended the adoption of the following, 
and the recommendation was concurred in. 

Whereas, The custom of wearing imitations of the uniforms as well as 
the decorations and insignia of rank of commissioned and non-commissioned 
officers of the Army, Navy and Marine Corps of the United States, has 
become so common, and is being prostituted to such a degree in advertising 
cheap goods and cheap shows, and also to distinguish grades in the menial 
employees in hotels, theatres, and even in disreputable and questionable 
places of business, as to tend to bring into disrepute and lessen the respect 
all true Americans feel for tliese indications of honorable rank and distinc- 
tion ; therefore 

Besotvedf That the Congress of tlie United States be requested to enact a 
law to prevent the wearing of any uniform or marks of distinction copied 
after or resembling, or in imitation of the uniforms and insignia of rank 
worn by commissioned or non-commissioned ofTicers of the Army, Navy or 
Marine Corps of the United States, and niakin<r it a misdemeanor so to do. 

RpMoJvrd^ That tlie incoming Council of Administration be directed to 
take appropriate steps to ]>rin«^ tliis matter to the attention of the Congress 
of the United States, and to ur^e tlie passaj^e of a law to the foregoing 

Offered by Comrade James I). Hell, of Department of New York. 

The committee recommended that the Encampment take no 
action upon the following, as it is clearly a matter to be dealt with 
by the Posts and Departments of California and Nevada, and the 
recommendation was concurred in. 

Presented to Thirt\'sccoud Annual Kui'auipnient, Depiutment of California 
and Nevada, held at San nie<in, Cal., May l-:*,, IHJM), by Comrade 
A. D. Cutler, of (Jeor;ie H. Thomas Post No. 2, San Krancisco, Cal. 

T. C. Masfellf'r. Assistant Adjnlnnt (rinrnit. 

Department of (\dif(n'nin and Xrrada^ (i. A. U.: 

Dear Sir and Comkadf: : — I have the honor to transmit herewith co])y of 
resolution which I desire olferod for action uporihy the Depart iu(jnt Kncamp- 
ment of 1895). 

Yours in F. C. and L., 

A. 1). CUTLKK. 

328 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Whereas, There are a large number of Posts in the G. A. K. that have 
each accumulated a large amount of money in their General and (or) Relief 
Fund beyond their ordinary or prospective need for the original purposes in 
view ; and 

Whereas, There is usually an honest difference of opinion among the 
comrades of such Posts as to both the present and ultimate disposition of 
such funds ; and 

Whereas, It is deemed desirable that some uniform action be considered 
and finally taken by all the Posts of the G. A. R. that are «o situated ; now, 
therefore, be it 

/Resolved, By the Department of California and Nevada, G. A. R. that a 
resolution be offered by its delegates at the National Encampment in Sep- 
tember, 1899, that this mattei be taken up and considered by the National 
Encampment through a committee appointed by a Commander in Chief ; 
which committee shall first ascertain, officially, the several amounts in such 
funds in all the Posts of the G. A. R. ; and after such amounts be ascertained, 
if the aggregate shall warrant official action, said committee shall formulate 
and present to the National Encampment of 1900 apian for the uniform in- 
vestment and (or) expenditure of such funds, or act in any other manner 
thought desirable relating thereto. 

Referred to the Committee on Resolutions. 

Following is the report of the Committee on Resolutions on the above 
preamble and resolutions : 

Fourth. That the resolution concerning the finances of the different 
Grand Army Posts, ofiVrcd by Comrade A. D. Cutler, be referred to our 
delegation to the National Encampment for such action as may be deemed 
proper and expedient by them. 

Said report was unanimously' adopted. 


Assistant Adjutant' Gau ral. 

The committee recommended- that the following from the 
Department of New York be referred to the Commander-in-Chief 
for the appointment of a committee of five, the committee to re- 
port to the next National Encampment : 

Resolndj That this National Encampment appoint a permanent Com- 
mittee of thirteen, to have in cliarge all matters relating to the preservation 
of the National fiag from desecration, with full autliority to join with other 
societies, patriotic, historical and genealogical, to the same end, and also to 
solicit the co-operation of all such societies to that end, and that such 
committee have power to fill all vacancies and to t\x. its own quorum and 
make rules for its own business, and that such committee be known as the 

Grand Army of the Republic 329 

Flag Gommittee. That all 6. A. R. Posts are counselled and nrged to ap- 
point like committees, and all are ooanselled to ally themselves with the 
American Flag Association. 

BcBoived, That we recommend appropriate National Legislation to that 
end, and we especially reommend to State Departments of the G. A. R. to 
nrge the passage by their respective legislatures of a bill substantially as 
follows : 

" An Act, to prohibit the desecration of the flag of the United States, and 
to provide a punishment therefor. 

'* The people of the State of , represented in Senate and 

Assembly, do enact as follows : 

" Section 1. Any person who shall desecrate the flag of the United States 
by printing thereon or attaching thereto any advertisement of any nature 
whatsoever, or shall publicly trample upon or publicly defy, or cast ^n- 
tempt upon the same, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. 

''Section 2. The words *flag of the United States,' as used in the fore- 
going section, shall include any flag, representation of a flag, or picture of a 
flag, made of any substance whatever, or represented upon any substance 
whatever, of any size whatever, upon which shall be shown the colors, and 
the stars and the stripes in any number thereof, by which the peison seeing 
the same may believe the same, as to the number of stars or the number ot 
stripes, to represent that Aug. 

This act shall take eflcet immediately." 


Comrade Griffin, of Wisconsin : I move that the resolution 
be adopted. I do that because I have introduced into the House 
of Representatives bills to protect the flag from desecration and I 
am not going to sit quietly and permit a resolution of this kind to 
be side-tracked. There is hardly a country or government on the 
face of the globe that has not legislation to protect its flag from 
dishonor or desecration. The uses made of the flag by people who 
have no respect for it are abominable and we should teach that 
class that they must have respect for the banner of our country. 
It represents our honor and our nationality, and it is right and 
proper and the duty of this Encampment to say it is in favor of 
legislation to preserve our flag from desecration. 

Comrade Wagner, of Penna.: This is a resolution to appoint 
a committee of thirteen which is to perpetuate itself and fill its own 
vacancies and become a body practically independent ot" the 
National Encampment. A celebrated politician who was elected 
to Congress from the State of New York introduced a bill to 

330 Thirty-third National Encampment 

re-enact the laws of nature. The law that is proposed here is already 
the law of this country and most of the States. What is the use of 
doing all this over again ? 

Comrade Griffin f When I spoke the resolution had not 
been read. If I had prepared that document it would not have 
been in that form. It is objectionable in that a form of bill is 
proposed. No one can tell what will meet the views of Congress 
when the question is presented. I move that the proposition be so 
amended as to mertly provide for a declaration that this Encamp- 
ment is in favor of legislation by Congress for the protection and 
preservation of the flag of our country from desecration. 

Comrade Weissert : The committee will accept that. 

The motion of Comrade Griffin prevailed. 

The committee recommended the adoption of the following 
offered by Comrade Marion T. Anderson, of the Potomac : 

Resolved^ That hereatter during the life of the Grand Army of the 
Republic and on the days set apart for the great parade, each Department 
be permitted to have a limited number of carriages, within the discretion o^ 
the Department Commander, on the left of its line, for the benefit of com- 
rades who by reason of wounds or disease are unable either to march or ride 
on horseback. 

Comrade O'Donnell, of Illinois, moved to lay the resolution 
on the table and the motion prevailed. 

The committee recommended ihe adoption of the following : 

Wherp:as, The United States of America and many of the States, as 
well as organizations of veteran soldiers and siiilors, have done much to 
honor those who have, by their achievements, contributed to the glory of 
the history of the Republic by erecting fitting monuments commemorative 
of their service ; but no such memorial has been reared to Comrade Benja- 
min F. Stephenson, M. D., founder of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
who, on April 6th, 18H6, at Decatur, 111., instituted the first Post of our 
Order, with which his name must ever be closely connected ; and 

Whereas, There was pending before the Fifty-fifth Congress a joint 
resolution (House Res No. 203) introduced by Comrade and Hon. Amos J. 
Cummings, M. C, of New York, which was intended to permit the erection 
of the monument or statue to perpetuate the memory of the late Benjamin 
F. Stephenson, M. D,, of Hlinois, founder of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, at the Capitol of the Nation, the further purpose being to do honor by 
such a memorial to our beloved Order, the greatest and most powerful 

Grand Army of the Republic 33 1 

patriotic organization in the world ; which resolution was referred to the Com- 
mittee on Public Buildings and Grounds ; and 

Whereas, It is fitting that such a memorial should be credited as the 
volunteer act of the entire membership of the Grand Army of the Republic 
and none other ; .therefore, be it 

Resolved, That this National Encampment hereby favor the passage of 
a joint resolution by the Fifty-sixth Congress such as herein referred to and 
the erection of such memorial to our late comrade, Benjamin F. Stephenson, 
M. D., and recommends that the proper steps be taken to secure the neces- 
sary subscriptions from the posts of the Grand Army of the Republic for the 
purpose herein indicated. 

Comrade Wagner : There is a committee that has been 
collecting money for that purpose and Comrade Beath can tell you 
all about it. 

A Comrade : The monument is already built. 

Comrade Wagner : The monument is built, I understand. 

Comrade Weissert : Then I move that it lie on the table. 

The motion prevailed. 

The committee recommended the adoption of the following, 
and the recommendation was concurred in : 

WiiEKEAS, we liave. witiiossed with sorrow the tendency in many 
places to disregard the solemnity of the 80th day of May, so reverently set 
apart by both State and National legislation as Memorial Day, sacred to 
the memory of our departed comrades, who lie buried in the church yards 
of our cemeteries of nearly every city, village and hamlet of our land ; and 
denounce as a desecration of this sacred day and a flagrant violation of the 
laws above mentioned, the holding on the. .'JOth of May, of such public exhi- 
bitions as tournaments, games of base-ball, all-day excursions, picnics and 
other frivolous amusements as are calculated to prevent the peoples obser- 
vance of the day, and to interfere with or detract from the impressivcness ot 
the services arranged ; therefore, 

Resolved, by the Representatives of the Grand Army of the Republic 
in National Encampment assembled, that we protest against any and 
every desecration of Memorial Day in any of the ways set lorth in the 
aforegoing preamble, and earnestly appeal to all good citizens throughout 
the land, and especially to our Comrades of the (fraud Army of the Republic, 
to aid in having Mkmokiaf, Day observed in the reverent spirit in which 
the law and a grateful nation intended it to he kej)t and to refuse to counte- 
nance or in any way participate in any and all such desecrations of the day 
as those above mentioind. 

EDWARD (r. (iOLDSBO ROUGH, of Maryland. 

332 Thirty-third National Encampment 

On the recommendation of the committee, the following was 
adopted ; 

The Department of New York, by direction of the Department En- 
campment, offers the following : 

Whereas, A bill in reference to the "Civil service and appointment 
thereunder" was passed in the United States Senate, April 26, 1898, as 
follows : 


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America, in Congress assembled, that in every Executive 
Department of the United States Grovernment and in each and every branch 
thereof, whether reached by competitive or non -competitive examinations 
under the Civil Service laws, (in which case the rules and regulations effect- 
ing the same shall so provide) honorably discharged soldiers, sailors or ma- 
rines who served as such between April twelfth, eighteen hundred and 
sixty-one, and August twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and sixtv-five shall 
be certified and preferred lor appointment to and retention in employment 
in the public service and for promotion therein ; age, loss ol limb or other 
physical impairment which does not, in fact, incapacitate, shall not dis- 
qualify them, provided they possess the business capacity necessary to 
discharge the duties of the position involved. And persons thus preferred, 
shall not be removed trom their positions except for good cause upon charges 
and after hearing. 

Sec. 2. That all laws or parts of laws inconsistent with the provision 
of this Act, are hereby repealed," and 

Whereas, said bill so far progressed in the House of Representatives 
as to be favorably reported by the Committee on Reform in the Civil Service 
and was placed on the calendar of the House, but failed of passage, and 

Whereas, said bill is of vital importance to tlie veterans ot the Civil 
War as it protects their interests, therefore be it 

Besolved, That we, the representatives of tlie Grand Army of tlie Re- 
public, in National Encampment assembled, reeognizinj^ the justice of said 
bill, sincerely and earnestly praN' that the members of tlie .KJth Congress will 
have said bill re-introduced and passed ; and it is further 

Resolved, That the incoming Commander in Chief cause a coj)y of these 
resolutions to be transmitted to every Grand Army Post in order that 
united action may be had in securinvj the passage of this bill. 

The committee recommended that the following resolution, 
offered by Comrade Laughlin of Ohio, be not concurred in and 
the recommendation was adopted : 

Grand Army of the Republic 333 

Bf solved, That the cities obtaining the meetings of the National En- 
campment be required to place in the hands of the Quartermaster-General 
$10,000f ninety days before the time of meeting, said fund or such part of it 
as is necessary, to be expended by direction of the National Council of 
Administration in paying the expenses of National and State Departments 
for headquarters and other expenses in proportion to the number of G. A. 
R, members in each Department, the proportion of the National Department 
to be the same as the largest State Department, and a failure to pay said 
sum will authorize the National Council of Administration to change the 
place of meeting. 

The committee recommended the adoption of the following, 
and the recommendation was concurred in : 

Whereas, the benefits arising from the resolution adopted by the last 
Encampment (See page 275, Journal) approving the patriotic work of the 
George Washington ^lemorial Association should become effectual in this 
Centennial year of the death of the Father of his Country, by being brought 
to the attention of every Post, 

Therefore BcAohed, that the incoming Commander-in-Chief be and he 
hereby is requested to cause the resolution so adopted by said Encampment 
to be promulgated in jjeneral orders before the first day of December next. 

Re^ohedy That the 14th day of December next (the Centennial anniver- 
sary of the death of Washington) should be reverentially observed by our 
Order, by the display of our fiai;s at half-raayt, and by holding public exer- 
cises, under the auspices of the several Posts, that the memory of his noble 
life may be revived and the youth of our land be inspired to emulate his 

Presented by Comrade A. S. C'ushman, Past Dep. Com., Dept. of Mass. 

Comrade Anderson, of the Potomac : I move the recon- 
sideration of the action taken in regard to the resolution that was 
presented referring to carriages in line. 

The motion was lost. 

Comrade Wkisskkt : A resolution from the Department of 
New Mexico asking the Secretary of the Interior to appoint a com- 
rade of the Grand Army of the Republic Custodian of Ft. Marcy. 

The committee recommend the adoption of the resolution. 

Comrade Beath : K we are going to undertake to pass reso- 
lutions for the ap|)ointment of comrades to office all over the 
United States, we may as well make up our minds to stay here for 
the next two weeks. I think it is out of order. 

334 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Commander in-Chief ; I shall rule that out of order. 

The committee reported back the report of the Special Com- 
mittee in relation to proposed National Parks at and near Freder- 
icksburg, Va., and recommended the adoption of the resolution 
proposed by that committee, and the recommendation was con- 
curred in. 

The report and resolution are as follows : 



Richmond, Va., September 1st, 1899. 

To the Thirty third National Encampment G. A. E., Philadelphia, Pa. : 

Your Committee, which by resolution adopted at the Thirty-second Na- 
tional Encampment was continued for one year for the purpose of co-opera- 
tion in furthering the plans for the preservation of the historic battle fields 
around the city of Fredericksburg, Virginia, beg leave to submit the follow- 
ing report. The subject matter referred to us has received favorable atten- 
tion both in Congress and through the War Department. A bill has been 
introduced in the Senate of the United States entitled '* A bill to establish 
the Fredericksburg and adjacent National Battlefields Memorial Park," and 
was read twice and referred to the Committee ou Militar3' affairs. 

In July of the present year, by direction of the Secretary of War, Col. 
D. D. Wheeler and Col. Charles Bj'rd, visited the Viattlefields in and around 
Fredericksburg, and have submitted their report which, after describing the 
locations of the different battlefields and the lands which should be secured, 
concludes as follows : 

" We found the earthworks on the various fields in an excellent state of 
preservation, and think there will be no difficulty in clearly defining the 
various lines of battle. The whole region proposed to be embraced within 
the limits of the park is full of historic interest, not only for the memorable 
battles which took place there during the civil war, but for the many im- 
portant events that have occurred there during and long antedating the 
Revolution. At the old Courthouse, in Spottsylvania, we saw records going 
back to 1712. The first settlement of that legion was made shortly after 

Your Committee is advised that active efforts will be made during the 
next Session of Congress to perfect the legislation already inauguratc'd in 
the interest of this Encampment, and it is the desire o f the Battlefields Parks 
Association that your Committee should be continued for the purpose of 
further co-operation with them, and we recommend the adoption of the fol- 
lowing resolution : 

Grand Army of the Republic 335 

Resolved^ That this Encampment reiterates the interest which the 
Grand Army of the Republic feels in the preservation of the sites of the his- 
toric battlefields in and around Fredericksburg, proposed to be embraced by 
Senate Bill 39010, and for the purposes of co-operation with the Association 
who have undertaken the furtherance of this object. The Committee here- 
tofore appointed for that purpose iS hereby continued for another year. 

(Signed.) EDGAR ALLAN, Chairman; 


HENRY E. TAINTOR. \ Committee. 


The committee recommended the adoption of the following 
preamble and resolutions presented by Past Commander-in-Chief 
Adams, and the recommendation was concurred in : 

Whereas, Congress, by an Act approved February 11, 1895, and by an 
Act approved February 21, 1899, has recognized the historical importance 
of the co-incident operations at Gettysburg and Vicksburg, which mark the 
turning point in the War of the Rebellion and constitute one of the greatest 
epochs in the history of our country, therefore 

Ri'solred, ITiat the comrades of t}ie Grand Army of the Republic, in 
National J]ncaiupment assembled, express their thanks for this wise and 
patriotic action, and respectfully request the making of sucli further liberal 
appropriations as may be necessary to complete the work thus begun in 
a manner commensurate with the imiwrtance of the events to be com. 

RcHohed, That the Adjutaut-CJenenil of the Gnind Army of the Republic 
be and is hereby instructed, immediately after the organization of the Fift^'- 
sixth Congress, to send a copy of these resolutions to the President of the 
United States, to the Vice-President of the United States, to tlie Speaker of 
the House of Representatives, to the Cliairman of the Senate Committee on 
Military Affairs, and to the Chairman of the House Committee on Military 

[This closes fveport of Committee on Resolutions.] 

Comrade Beath ■• Commander-in-Chief and comrades, for 
the thirtieth time I have the privilege of appearing before the 
National Encampment. I was appointed on a Committee on Reso- 
lutions in Washington in 1870, and from that time to this I have 
never missed being present at the opening of the Encampment, 
and the closing of the session. It is a great privilege to thus stand 
before you to- day. 

336 Thirty-third National Encampment 

The Committee on Rules, Regulations and Ritual, through 
Past Commander-in-Chief Robt. B. Beath, its Chairman, presented 
the following report, which was acted upon by subjects, as follows : 

Your Committee on Rules. Regulations and Ritual respectfully report 
that they have given careful consideration to the amendments presented in. 
General Order No. 10, National Headquarters of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, Philadelphia, July 29, 1899. 

The most important is the provision for filling a. vacancy in the office 
of Commander-in-Chief. Propositions have been duly adopted, and pre- 
sented by the Departments of Indiana and Pennsylvania. They are both 
of the same tenor, but that of the Department of Pennsylvania, covering 
the ground more fully, is recommended, substituting for the present Section 
2, Article VI, Chapter IV : 

The Vice Commanders-in-Chief shall, when called upon, assist the Com- 
mander-in-Chief by counsel and otherwise, and in his absence or disability 
they shall discharge the duties of his office according to seniority. 

In the event of a vacancy in the office of Commender-in-Chief the Senior 
Vice-Commander-in-Chief shall at once succeed to the title and duties of 
the position and the Junior Vice-Coramander-in-Chief shall become Senior 
Vice-Commander-in-Chief In the event of a vacancy in the office of Senior 
Vice-Commander -in-Chief, the Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief shall at 
once succeed to the title and duties of that office. 

A vacancy in the office of Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief shall be' 
filled by the National Council of Administration, as provided in Section 3, 
Article V, of this Chapter. 

Substitute for Seciion 3, Article V, Chapter IV : 

"Vacancies occurring in any of the elective offices of the National En- 
campment (other than as provided for in Section 2, Article VI) shall be 
filled by the National Council of Administration, in manner following: 

The Commander in-Chief shall duly notify all members of the Council 
that such vacancy exists, and, thirty days thereafter shall advise them ot 
the names of comrades presented for the same. Members of the Council 
may vote to fill such vacancy in a sealed envelope, marked "Ballot," 
enclosed in an envelope and forwarded direct to the Adjutant-General. 

These ballots shall be opened at a time specified by the Commander-in- 
Chief by tellers appointed by him, in the ])resence of such officers of the 
Nati(mal Encampment as the Commander-in-Chief may designate. The 
comrade receiving the highest number of votes shall be declared duly 
elected to the office designjited.'' 

Under the amendment to Section 2, Article VI, Chapter IV (page 22), 
the Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief at once succeeds to the title and duties 
of Commander-in-Chief, and the Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief becomes 

Grand Army of the Republic 337 

Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief, the office of Junior Vice-Commander-in- 
Chief thus becoming vacant. We believe that no sub-committee of the 
Council of Administration should be charged with the duty of filling that 
responsible position, and this amendment therefore provides that all mem- 
bers of the CJouncil of Administration shall have the right to vote in filling 
the vacancy. The election is not a matter in which any particular haste is 
required, and under this proposition ample time is afforded to reach all the 
members, no matter where situated, and receive their response. AVe recom- 
mend the adoption of this amendment. 

On motion, the recommendation was unanimously adopted. 

Applying the same rule practically to Department Encamp- 
mentSy we recommend the addition to Section 2, Article VI, 
Chapter III, of the following : 

Add to Section 2, Article VI, Chapter III. 

In the event of a vacancy in the office of Department Commander, the 
Senior Vice-Commander shall at once succeed to the title and duties of that 
office, and the Junior Vice-Commander shall succeed to the title and 
duties of the Senior Vice-Commander. 

The Council of Administration shall be convened by the Department 
Commander to elect a Junior Vice-Commander, vacancies in other elective 
offices shall be filled as heretofore prescribed. 

We believe tliere is no necessity, in the departments where the 
members of the Council can be readied easily, for the same ma- 
chinery as is provided for the National Encampment. 

The recommendation of the committee was unanimously 

The Department of Pennsylvania also presents a proposition 
to amend Section i. Article 2, Chapter 4, (page 19) to change the 
ratio of membership for representatives to the National Encamp- 
ment from the present basis of one representative for each ),ooo 
members to one for each 750 members, and one for a major frac- 
tion over that number, thus providing for maintaining at least the 
present representation for several years under the losses from death 
and other causes. The committee concurs in this amendment and 
recommends its adoption. 

The recommendation was unanimously concurred in. 
A proposition is also i^resented to amend Section 9, Article 6, 
Chapter 4, (page 23) as follows : 

33? Thirty-third National Encampment 

Add to the Rnles and Regulations in place oi the present standing Keso- 
lution the follo^^ing : 

"The National Council of Administration shall meet immediately after 
the adjournment of the Encampment, at which they are elected and shall 
elect by ballot four of their number who, with the Commander-in-Chief and 
Vice-Commander-in Chief shall be a Committee to consider such details ot 
Administration as may be referred to them by the Commander-in-Chief or 
which may have been referred by the National Encampment to the Council, 
and by the Council referred to such Committee, but no action affecting the 
general interests of the Order shall be had until the whole subject shall have 
been submitted in writing to all members of the Couucil for their informa- 
tion and an expression of opinion thereon. 

The actual expensfes of such Committee and of such officers as the Com- 
mander-in-Chief may deem uecssary to attend meetings duly called by him 
shall be defrayed from the funds of the National Encampment upon 
vouchera duly approved. 

The Executive Committee of the Council of Administration 
has been contmued under a resolution adopted in 1877, but not 
included in the Rules and Regulations, providing that the Council 
should select a smaller number to act during the interim. Practi- 
cally it has been the rule for the Commander-in-Chiet to select two 
of his appointed officers, and either five or seven members of the 
National Council. The appointed officers should be called on for 
information in their departments, but we believe that this Com- 
mittee should be restricted in number, and to the elected officers. 
We therefore recommend the adoption of the amendment proposed. 

Comrade O'Donnell, of Illinois; I would like to ask Com- 
rade Beath one question for information. I see that they shall take 
no action until the matter is sent to the various members of the 
National Council of Administration to get their views thereon, but 
it does not say there whether this special committee shall be governed 
by the views of the National Council of Administration, or whether 
they shall do as they please after getting the views. 

Comrade Beath : The answer to that is, that the so-called 
sub-committee have no executive duties, that the responsibility 
then devolves upon the head of the order, the Commander-in-Chief. 

Comrade O'Donnell : Then what good is it ? 

Comrade Sample, of Pennsylvania : I desire to ask a ques- 
tion, too. Do I understand that this takes away from the Com- 

Grand Army of the Republic 339 

mander-in-Chief the power to designate five men as the Executive 
Committee of the National Council of Administration ? 

Comrade Beath • Yes, sir. 

Comrade Sample: It occurs to me that that is a very unwise 
thing to do. If the man who is charged wiih the administration 
of the affairs of this National Encampment is not given the power 
to select those who are to be his close advisers. 

Comrade Warner, of Missouri : This is a matter which I 
think we should consider carefully, and I should like to ask the 
chairman of the committee why this change in the practice of the 
organization ? 

Comrade Beath : One thing is the matter of expense. 
The number of the members of the so-called Executive Com- 
mittee, a title not conferred by the Rules and Regulations, 
at no time has reached from five to seven, seven generally. There 
have always been members who were appointed officers of the 
Commander-in-Chief, and the National Encampment is not directly 
represented. In other words, the Senior Vice Commander-in- 
Chief, the second in office, is not a member of the sub-committee 
of the Council, and those who have thought over this matter be- 
lieve that the National officers should be on this sub-committee. 

Comrade Warner : To that I have no objection. 

Comrade Beath : In addition, it restricts the number of 
the sub-committee to four in place of five or seven, to be appointed 
a subcommitte to consider such matters as may be referred to 
them, but they do not initiate or execute. They advise the head 
of the order, the Commander-in-Chief. He calls on them for ad- 
vice, rather than to api)ly for the advice of all the members of the 

Comrade Warner : Now, Commander-in,Chief,Jhaving had 
some little experience in this office, and I will say at the outset, 
whether the Senior and Junior Vice Commanders-in-Chief should 
be members of the Executive Committee or not I raise no question, 
nor do I raise any question if it is a matter of economy, and the 
finances of the Grand Army of the Republic will not justify the 
expense of an executive committee of five or seven, although you 
might reduce it to one, two, three or four, but I have known of 

340 Thirty-third National Encampment 

no trouble and no inconvenience from trusting to a comrade that 
you believe to be worthy of the high office of Commander-in-Chief 
the selection of the men with whom he is to consult. There may 
have been some friction in some places, but that is not a reason 
why we should change. I submit to the comrades here, when you 
have selected a comrade for an executive office you place around 
him forty-five gentlemen as his advisors, and by reason of the ex- 
tent of our territory it is impossible for him to have all of them 
present, and so is it not safer, is it not better, that instead of these 
forty five comrades getting together immediately upon the adjourn- 
ment of the National Encampment, with little acquaintance with 
each other, to elect four of their members a committee to leave 
that question with the Commander-in-Chief? He can take a 
month or six weeks to pick out the men that he believes are adapted 
to be his advisors in the Council of Administration. I move to 
non-concur in the report of the committee. 

Comrade Beath : I have no particular feeling in this matter. 
Comrade Warner is in many respects right, but we have been vio- 
lating the law for all these years because the resolution under which 
this committee was appointed, declared that the Council of Ad- 
ministration should select, and we are simply conforming to the 
law adopted in 1877, with this explanation that we take it out of a 
foot-note in the printing of the Rules and Regulations and put it 
into the law, and it is only distinctly regulating what is now indefi- 
nite under the resolution. If you desiie to change it, allow the 
first part of the amendment to stand, and let the Commander-in- 
Chief select the other four members. 

Comrade Warner : 1 can see no objection to the Senior 
and Junior Vice Commanders-in-Chief being members of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee. 

Comrade Wagner, of Pennsylvania : I think it would not be 
expedient for the Encampment to kill this measure outright. It is 
too important. My suggestion is this, that the subject be con- 
tinued in the hands of a committee, take the Chairman of the 
Committee on Rules andjRegulations, Comrade Warner, and others, 
to consider more carefully than we can at this time and report at 
the next Annual Encampment. 

Comrade Warner: I certainly shall agree to that. 

Grand Army of the Republic 341 

Comrade Wagner : I will make the motion, then, that this 
matter be referred to a special committee of five, of which the 
Chairman of the Committe on Rules, Regulations and Ritual this 
year shall be Chairman, to report in detail at the next Annual 
Encampment, and before presenting their report they shall forward 
it to each Department in the jurisdiction of the Grand Army. 

Comrade Warner ; I second that motion. 

The motion of Comrade Wagner prevailed. 

By former amendment in Section 2, Article VII, Chapter II 
(page 11), relative to the election of representatives a change is re- 
quired, qualifying the requirement for a majority of the votes cast, 
by adding the words, which we recommend to be added, ** except 
where otherwise designated." 

The recommendation was unanimously adopted. 

The Department of New York proposes to change the article 
on eligibility by substituting the date of August 25, 1865, for 
April 9, 1865. The war practically closed with the surrender of 
Lee, The present ru^e has stood for years and we report adversely. 

It was moved that the report be adopted. 

Comrade Kav, of New York : It seems to me that the men 
of the navy up to the time of the raising the blockade, should be 
admitted. This organization should have been called the Grand 
Army and Navy of the Republic, and then there would have been 
no reason for the existence of the Naval Veterans Association. 
Way is not this a reasonable proposition ? I move to disagree with 
the report. 

Comrade Bkath : Pcirdon me, wherein does that apply ! 

Comrade Kav : No matter how well you build you can 
always later on build a little better, and I want to give the men 
who served under Farragut even on the sea, no reason why they 
should not be members of this organization. I think it would 
benefit us to have it done. 

Comrade McElrov, of the Potomac Why isn't there just as 
good reason for extending it to those regiments which were kept 
in service until 1867 and '68 to garrison the SDUthern cities ? 

The report was adopted. 

342 Thirty-third National Encampment 

The remainder of the report of the committee was as follows, 
and all the recommendations were adopted 

The Department of Tennessee presents resolations for certain changes 
in the badge. First, for the ribbon and swivel, to avoid the necessity for 
the purchase of an additional ribl>ou when a comrade is elected to office. 
We recommend the reference of this to the Council of Administration with 

It is proposed also to change the rank badge, substituting for the star, 
eagle, etc., the initials of the office. We believe the present system is re- 
0t)onsiblc for the misuse of military titles as applied to comrades holding 
office, but we believe no change now practicable. 

We recommend that again the attention of comrades be called to such 
improper use of military titles as position in the Grand Army does not 
confer titles outside of the Post room or Encampments. 

On the proposition to have a distinctive button for members of the 
National Knaimpmcnt wo report adversely. 

Wo hav(» again the proposition to admit as members those who served in 
the Unite<l States Military Telegraph Corps of the United Stixtes during the 
rebellion. Tkis matter has been previously before the Encampment. The 
Committee then reported and their action was sustiiined, that the Act of 
Congress of January 2()th, 18J)7, entitled "An Act for the Relief of Tele- 
graph Operators who served in the War of the Rebellion," providing that 
they should have " a certificate of servioe " has not provided the "muster- 
in and discharge from the service'' so clearly and positively required by 
our Rules and Regulations. Much as we regret having to report adversely, 
wc are compelled to do so under this clear reading of the Act of Congress. 
We therefore rejwrt against the proposition. 

In the matter of the apin^il of S. W. Hopkinson. of Massachusetts, 
ordcretl dn>pi>ed fmm the rolls by the Senior Viee-Coinmander-iu-Chief, we 
rci»ommend that the detnsion Ih^ sustained and the appeal dismissed. 

In the appeal of John Hresnahan, Department of the Potomac, the action 
of the (\>mmamier-in Chief dismissing the appeal is aftirmed for reason 
therein stated and we roci>mmend that theapi>eal be dismissed. 

There were several papers referred to the committee wiiich were not 
presented in aivonbun'e with the rules, and of ooui-se they cannot be acted 
upon by the Encampment. 

ROBERT r>. BEATH. of Pennsylvania, 
H. M. NEVUS, of New ,Ters<n-. 
FR.\NK SEAMAN, of Tennessee. 
JAM1-:S S. lX>r>GE, of Indiana. 
J. H. OOVLDING, of Vermont. 

Grand Army of the Republic 343 

The following report was presented and adopted : 

Philadelphia, September 7, 1899 
Thos. J. Stewart, Adjutant- General. 
Sir and Comrade : 

The committee to whom was referred the report of the Chaplain-in- 
Chief beg leave to say they have had the same under consideration and com- 
mend the suggestions and recommendations therein made. 

Yonr committee find that until there is greater promptness and fidelity 
on the part of the proper Post and Department OflBcers in making their re- 
ports to the Chaplain-in-Chief, the statistics presented by him will be neces. 
sarily incomplete and unsatisfactory, and your committee would therefore 
recommend that such reports as are required to be made to the Chaplain-in- 
Chief by the the laws ol our Order, be forwarded in accordance therewith, 
and that the respective Department Commanders be and are by the adoption 
of this report requested to see that it is done. 

Respectfully submitted, 


The following report was presented and adopted : 

T. H. HAGERTY, of Minnesota. ' ^'^»^*'^^^- 

Philadelphia, September 7, 1899. 
Thos. J. Stewakt, Adjutant-General G. A. R. 

Sir and Comrade : « 

l^e committee to whom was referred the report of the Judge- Advocate- 
General, beg to report that they have examined the same and concur in the 
expressions of opinion of the said report. 

We do not include in this statement case No. seven (7) in regard to 
which we express no opinion, neither athrniing nor criticising said case and 
its construction, for the reason that the said case is now on appeal from the 
decree of the Commander-in-Chief l)efore the Encampment and by reference 
before the Committee on Rules and Kegnlations. 

\VM. WARNER, of Missouri, Chairman. 
JOHN C. P.LACK, of Illinois. 
HARRISON ALLKN, of South Dakota. 
WILFRED A. WI:THERBEE, of Miussachusetts. 

The following communiraiion was received : 

riiiiADKLpniA, Pa., September 7, 1899. 

lo the Officers and Mctnlurs of the (inind Army of the Republic: 

The National Alliance Daughters oT Veterans extend greetings. 

Yours in P., C. and L., 


LION A M.WILSON, )■ Greeting Committee, 


344 Thirty-third National Encampment 

The Adjutant-General : A committee from the Associa- 
tion of Naval Veterans called to announce that George L. Seavey, 
of Chicago, Illinois, had been elected Commodore Commanding 
the Naval Veterans Association. 

The Committee on the Report of the Chief-Aide in charge of 
Military Instruction in Public Schools presented its report, which 
on motion was adopted. The report of the committee and the 
report of the Chief-Aide are as follows : 

Thos. J. Stewart, Adjutant General. 


The committee to whom was referred the report of Comrade Allen C. 
Bakewell, Chiel Aide on Military Instruction in Public Schools, submit the 
following report : 

A careful perusal of what is really an ehvborative and exhaustive re- 
port has convinced your committee that the Grand Army ot the Republic 
owes a debt of gratitude to Comrade Bakewell for the commendable spirit 
and tireless energy displayed by him in executing the work of bis depart- 
ment, and to Lafayette Post. No. 140, of the Department of New York, for 
so ably and generously assisting him, at much cost, in carrying on said 
work and in i-ecognftion of such grand, good service recommend the adop- 
tion of the following resolve : 

Eesolird, That the thanks of the Grand Army of the Republic, in 
Thirty-third Annual Encampment assembled, are due and are hereby ten- 
dered to Comrade Allen C. Bakewell and to Lafayette Post, 140, of New 
York, for their generosity, zeal and enterprise in the promotion of military 
instruction in public scliools. 

Your committee being further convinced that it is the duty of the Grand 
Army of the Republic to i^reserve the conntr^- in the future as it did in the 
past, recommend tire passage by this Encampment of the following resolve : 

Resolved, That the Thirty-third Encampment of the Grand Army of the 
Republic most heartily endorses the bill entitled, '*A Bill to amend Section 
1225 of the Revised Statutes so as to provide for the detail of active or re- 
tired officers of the arm v and navy to assist in mililarv instruction in the 
public schools,^' and recommends its passajjje by the 5()th Congress, and the 
Commander in-Chief is reijuested to nrge Department Commanders to influ- 
ence the senators and representatives of the National Congress to the end 
that said bill may become a law. 

Your committee concurs in the wisdom of Comrade Bakewell's sugges- 
tion and recommends that the title of the work be changcil to read " Mili" 

Grand Army of the Republic 345 

tary Instruction and Patriotic Education in Schools." Because of the close 
proximity of Memorial Day and Independence Day as legal holidays, your 
committee deems it unwise to ask for another public holiday between these 
dates and therefore report inexpedient on the recommendation that June 
14th be made a public holiday to be known as '*FIag Day." 

Respectfully submitted in F. C. and L., 

JOHN LINDT, of Iowa. 

O H. COUI/rER, of Kansas. 

JOHN E. OILMAN, of Massachusetts. 



New York, August 10, 1899. 

W. C. Johnson, Seuiar Vice- Commander-in-Chief — in command Grand 
Army of the Rejyublic. 

Dear Sir and CoNintdc: I liave the lienor to submit the 
following report of my stewurclship as C'liief Aide in charge of 
^Jilitary InRtruction in Public Schools since I received the 
ilistinguished lionor of the appointment by the beloved and 
lamented (^)mmand('r-in-('hief, James A. Sexton. 

Having learned from my predecessor, Captain Zalinski, of 
the difticulty of securing aitles who had the time to spare and 
the means to c()nlril)ute necessary to remler etticient service iu 
carrying on this im[K)rtant work, I issued a letter to the Com- 
mander of cacii Depnrtnu'Ut, r('(|uesting nominations for 
appointment as Assistant Aides, wiiich refpiest contained this 
paragra{)h : '* It isdcsiri.Ml that none be rcicommended but those 
who are willing, and have the time to serve etVicienlly." 

In response to this re(juest thei'e W(M'e r(*ceived recommen- 
dations from most of the DepartUK'iits, all of whi(di were for- 
warded to the Adjutant-^ H-neral for ap[)ointment . with a further 
re(|Uest that a eniiimissioii he issued to each a))|)ointee, in addi- 
tion to j)ublishing the appoiiiinient in (Jeiiei'al (.)rders. ^Fhe 
following Depart nieiils liavr not been represented in this work, 
beeause no respon-r has been received from t luM 'onnnanders 
thereof to the re(jiiest fov nominations: Alabama, Arizona, 
New Mexico, Peiiiisvlvaiiia. Rhode Island. Texas, N'iririnia and 
North Carolina and Wisconsin, for whirdi I can give no positive 

346 Thirty-third National Encampment 

reason, as the requests were repeated and urgently made. In a 
few of the Departments, appointments were recommended for 
those physically and otherwise unable to render as good service 
as they were willing to perform. 

I infer, from the above-mentioned omissions, that either 
Military Instruction in Schools is not in full favor in every 
Department or the great value of the service to the country ,^ 
and in honor of the Graiul Army of the Republic, not suffi- 
cientlv known. There is no })art of the life work of the Order 
being done for the common good to the country we love, that is 
as broad in conception or as far-reaching in possible result as 
the plan conceived, and capable of development, concerning 
Military Instruction in the Public Schools, which covers vastly 
more than education in the bearing of arms. 

Upon assuming the duties of Chief Aide, I learned that the 
following Bill, prepared by my predecessor, was pending in 
Congress, where it had been placed niul was in the care of 
Comrade Watson W. Eldridge, who had rendered very valuable 
assistance in advocatino^ it before the Committees on Militarv 
Affairs. I therefore secured his reappointment as Special Aide 
in charge of National Legislation, and I take great pleasure in 
reporting his untiring energy and reniarkalde succjess in jueeting 
any adverse opinion that could be raised against tlie measure : 

A Bill to amend section twelve liundred and twi'nty-five of llie Revised 
Statutes, so as to provide for the iletail of oHlcers uf tlie Army and Navy to 
assist in military instruction in the public schools. 

Whereas, The national defense mu.>*t depend upon the volunteer service 
of tlie people of the several States : and 

Wherea-Xy Those cities and towns which shall ado[)t a system of militjiiT 
instruction in their public schools are entitled to the assistance of the (ti)V- 
ernment in orderto secure to the United States such a knowled<::e of military 
affairs amon>; the youth of the country as will render them etticient as vol- 
unteers if called u[)on for the natiomd defense : 

Therefore, Be it enacted by the Senate and House of liepresentatives 
of the irnited States of America, in Congress assembled, 

That section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the Kevised Statutes, 
concernins: the detail of ofTlcers of the Armv and Navv to eiilucational in>ti- 
tntes, he, and the Siime is hereby, amended s«o as to permit the I'resident to 
detail under the provisions of the Act, and in addition to the detail of the 

Grand Army of the Republic 347 

officers of the Army and Navy now authorized to be detailed under the ex- 
isting provision of said Act, such oflBcers and non-commissioned officers of 
the Army and Navy of the United States as in his judgment can be spared 
for that purpose without affecting its efficiency, to act as instructors in mil- 
itary drill and tactics in normal schools of the several States and in the 
public schools of the various cities in the United States where such instruc- 
tion shall have been authorized by the educational authorities thereof, and 
where the services of such instructor shall have been applied for by said 

Sec. 2. That details of such officers and uncommissioned officers shall 
be made according to population and apportioned as follows : Commissioneti 
oflRcers, not above the rank of captain, to cities of one hundred thousand 
and upward; sergeants to cities of fifty thousand and less than one hundred 
thousand ; corporals to cities of twenty-five thousand and less than fifty 
thousand : Provided^ That in cities of two hundred thousand and upward 
a sergeant may be detailed for each one hundred thousand above one hun- 
dred thousand inhabitants: And provided. That a commissioned officer may 
be detailed for this duty in the capital of States not having one hundred 
thousand inhabitants. The maximum number of commissioned officers to 
be detailed under the provisions of this Act in State normal and public 
schools as herein prescribed shall not exceed fifty, and shall be exclusive of 
the details of officers of the Army and Navy authorized by the section 
herel)y amended, and this ftuiondnienl shall not alTect any provision thereof. 
The niaximuni number of non-connnissionod officers to be derailed under 
the provisions of this Act is not to exceed two liiindred. 

Sec. 3. Tliat no detail shall be made under this Act to anv citvortown 
unless it shall pay the cost of eonniiulation of ([uarters ot the officers of 
non-commissioned officers detailed thereto and the extra-dutv ])av to which 
the latter may be enlilled by law to receive for the performance of special 

Sec. 4. That the Secret arv of War is authorized to issue, at his discre- 
tion and under proper re«j^ulations to l>e j)rescribod by him, out of ordnance 
and ordnance stores belonging to the (lovernment, and which can be spared 
for that purpose, upon the approval of the governors of the respective 
States, such number of the same as may be re(piired for military instruction 
and practice by the normal s<"hool of any State or public schools of any city 
which shall adopt military instructions as a part of its public-school sys- 
tem ; and the Secretary shall retjuiie a bond in each case, for double the 
value of th(? property, for the care and safe-keeping thereof, and for the 
i*eturn of the same when ncjuired. 

Sec. 5. That this Act shall take efTect imme<liately. 

BeiT>g impro.^sed witli the value of the passage of such a 
Bill, I determine*! to b(\Lnu the work for whicli I had been 

348 Thirty-third National Encampment 

appointed by concentrating effort in this direction, and issued 
the following circular to the Department Aides : 

February, 1899. 

Dear Comrade : Having been selected by your Department Commander 
at my request for recommendation of a Comrade for an Aide to care for 
military instructions in the Public Schools of your Department, I liave in 
turn sent your name to tlie Commander-in-Chief for appointment, which 
has been made, and you are requested to signify your acceptance to me at 
an earlv date. 

The late war with Spain has demonstrated tlie value to tlie Govern- 
ment of having men ready for duty who have been made qualified for com- 
mands by military instruction, and the possible necessity for more officers 
than can be quickly educated at Military Academies renders the present year 
propitious for extra effort in enlarging the military education of onr youth. 

A few instances of valuable service rendered during the late war by 
young men whose sole military education was obtained in Public Schools 
bring forth the desire to obtain all the infornuition that may be gathered 
of instances of this kind, with the fullest details of the person giving the 
service and the kind performed, that a n^port may be made for the public 
benefit; and yon are hereby requested to obtain the names of all yuii can. 
with rank and arm of service in which they were engaged, and any special 
aat of duty rendered. 

Enclosed you will find copy of a Bill (more copies will be sent you latter) 
now pending in the Senate and House of Representatives (Senate Hill S. 
8*596 and House Bill WAX. ()55()), which should be passed at the present 
session. To this end vou are rrcomnuMuled to uri]re vour Senators and 
Congressmen to use their inilui-iKM' with the Militai'v Committees of both 
Houses to recommend the passage of the joint resolution and tovote for it 
when it isV)efore their n>spective Houses for a vole. It is also desirable that 
your DepartmentCommander should appoint an Aidr in eacdi Congressional 
District to assist vou in this and all other wavs. Kiiidlv see that these 
appointments arc (juickly made and a list of them sent to nie I'oi' record. 

It is earnestly retpu'stcd that you and your Aides act j>i-oiiiptly in the 
matter of writing to your Seiiatoi's and Congressmen in favor of tins Bill — 
giving the luimber of it — and that the schools of your l)(>pai-nneiit be visited 
in the interest of military instruction. There ure many reiurned soldiers 
in everv count V and di>trict now, (•onn)etent to instruct the vouth in the 
school of the soldiei", pending mon.' advancetl instruction, \\liicii may follow. 
Literatuiv will be sent you showing the advantages of drill and discipline, 
which you can make public thtouudi your local ne\vspapei<. as well ashy 
other means — readinir before xour Posts, etc.. etc. This vast count rv. with 
all its pos>iljle contingencies, should lu'ver \n) nnpiTjKUvd for the ilelense of 
its freeilom and its institutions. 

Grand Army of the Republic 349 


Arrangements have been made with National Headquarters for commis- 
sions for all Special Aides, which will be forwarded in due course of time. 
They will be a certificate of authority and a souvenir of a grand service. 
Feeling assured of your valuable assistance, it is expected that this year will 
be one of activity, bringing results worthy of the men who are the survivors 
of a war which made us a United Country in fact, and have lived to see the 
end of a war which has made us more united in sentiment. 

Sincerely yours in F., C, & L., 


SpecUil Aide to the Commander-in-Chief in charge of 
Military Instruction in Public Schools. 

The Bill did not pass, though favorably reported, for reasons 
best made known in the report made to me and embodied in 
my circular of March 23d, which was issued to all the Aides : 

New York, March 23, 1899. 

Comrade : For the informal ion of Special Aides on Military Instruction 
in Public? Schools the foliowini; report of Couirade Watson W. Eldridge, 
Special Aide iu charge of National Le^nslalion, is liereby issued. 

"1 reij:ret very much to l)e oblii^ed to report a total failure to secure 
action on our Hill bv either of tlie Conunittees on Militarv Affairs of 
th(M*espective Houses of ('<)iis::ress to whieh it was referred. 1 visited 
these Connnittees fre(pieiit 1\ . as well as the individual Seuat(jrs and 
Members, ami urp'd action, but the tremendous pressure of current 
Army legislation cnjwded evei-vihing else aside. I am glad to report, 
h(iwev«!r, a fMVoral)le clwmge iii x-ntinient in some resj»ects amongst. 
members, brought al)out l>y conditions i-esulting from the hite wai*. and 
I believ(,' that aftci" the Army recdgaiii/at ion is coinplete«l we will in 
th(! Fifty-sixth Coni^re^s accoinplish what we faiie<l to do in the last. 
I do not consider tlie niattei" (inallv di'-ipox'd of by any nieans, and 
recommend a vii^orous pu^fiini,'' of our hills. i)y I'eintroduction. imme- 
diately after the opcnini,'^ of Conirres"- next l)<M'«'mber, and seeurinjL^ an 
early re[)oi-t, if pi>^>-ii»li'. 'I'hr l»ill lias bem iwice favoralily reported 
U[K)n, and faile<l only for want of time at the r\u\ of two difTerent Con- 
gresses : therefore I fc<'l (piile conlident that, if we can p-t it. on th(^ 
calendar of either House dui-jn-j: the lir-^l ^(•-•-ion of the l'''ifty-sixth 
Congress, we will stand a L,M>od chance of i^'cttin^'' it ihrouirh." 

3SO Thirty-third National Encampment 

In view of the foregoing statement, Aides are requested to personally 
interest their Senators and Congressmen in this subject whenever meeting 
them during adjournment, with the hope of ultimate success as predicted. 

Circulars on Patriotic Education in Schools will be issued in a few 

days, which is hoped will meet with favor and encouragement for the whole 

staff of Aides, resulting in good work to be reported at the next National 



Special Aide to the Commander-in-Chief in charge of 
Military Jnstnicfio7i in Public Schools, 

On the recommendation of Comrade Eldridge another bill has 
been prepared, to be laid before the Fifty-sixth Congress, which 
is similar in most respects, except in the provision that retired 
officers of the x\rmy and Navy may be detailed as instructors, as 
well as active officers. This provision, it is hoped, will meet a 
possible objection that active officers may not always be avail- 
able. Several copies of the proposed Bill have been forwarded 
to Department Aides, with my circular of August 1st in reference 

Alt (just 1, 1899. 
To Department Special Aides. 

Comrades : The time draws near when the term for wliich we liave been 
appointed will close, but there is still one item of duty \vc may perform 
which will lie useful to the cause in which wo are enlisted, and will be valu- 
able in assistini^ our successors. The Bill before Congress during the year, 
providing for instruction by Government oflicers, did not fail because of 
opposition, but because of press of other matters during tlie unusually busy 
session for the Committees on ^Military Affairs ; therefore it is proposed to in- 
troduce it again early in the coming session Dccemlxu* next, but with the 
slight alteration, which must overcome one of the ol)j(;ctions made to pre- 
vious bills of this character, viz. : " Ijack of a sufticient number of Govern- 
ment officers to supply tlie places provided." The proposed amendment 
meets such an objection by providing retired as well as acttive ofTu'ers. 

You will find several copies of the j)roposed bill herewith for you to 
send to your Senators and Congressmen witli your jM'rsonal request for sup- 
port, and it is urged that this be done speedily and emphatically. 




Special Aide to the Commander-in-Chief in charge of 
Military Instruction in Public Scttools. 

Grand Army of the Republic 351 

Two thousand copies of tlic proposed Bill will be distributed 
among the Comrades of tlie National Encampment, with the 
hope of obtaining such influence favorable to its passage as those 
who meet our national legislators may bring to bear. 

The subject of military instruction, aided by the Govern- 
mtMit, being thus temporarily disposed of, my attention was 
turned to a broader field of patriotic education than the drilling of 
boys in the Manual of Arms or Physical Movements ; and, firmly 
believing that reverence for the Flag, in the form of salutation, 
is as surely military instruction as the teaching ^'Setting up 
Drill,'' or kin<lred education, and as useful to the country in 
inculcating loyalty and patriotism, I issued a circular on 
March 30th bearing mainly upon this service, which was accom- 
])anied by a Form of Salutation adopted in some sections and 
earnestly recommended at this time : 

("omradea : Wherever the Fhig — you so nobly defended and preserved 
in tJio memorable days of 18()l-()5, and liave sinee devoted vour services to 
hohl up as an emblem of freedom and humanity — floats over every array 
]»o<it and naval station, on land or sea, it is saluted at dawn by every soldier 
t»r >^*aman, oHicer and man. who sees it unfold in splendor. This salute is 
part of the prcst lilx-d rci^ulMlions in both the Army and \avy; and in some 
of the ]*ublic School> of oui' country, inuludiuij: nearly all in Porto Kico, the 
rc^ndar exercix's bci^nn with the >alMie to tlie Flajj^. Tt altould he adopted by 
itJI tht^ {icJiouJs. Pnpils in tlie l*ul>lic Schools are bein«; trained for citizen- 
>hi|). They sliouhl have I his oljjcci K-sson, daily, of rc^verence for the Flag 
which represents true American citizenship. The Flau stands for the 
acliit'ven)ent^ of th<' Past — the liberties of the Pre>ent — the possibilities of 
the Future. 

The Grand Army of the Republic has secured the enaetment of laws 
and the adoi>tion of i'ule> bv >cliool ]H)ar(ls ])v which thi^ Flaii: floats to-dav 
over nearly every x-hool-luuiM' in the land. Put more i«i needed than this. 
It -should be carried wiihin the xhool and drape(l on the wall^of the assem- 
bly-room, to be >alute(l witli reverence as a jM'oper mark of respect to the 
in>i«xnia that >taii<U for all that fi'cemen enjoy. 

The formal salutation is Militakv iNsTRiiTioN, and will find favor 
where the numual drill with arms, for boys alone, may meet opposition or 

The enclosed foiin of ••Salute to the l''la^''"is practised in many 
schools, and nuiv become universal bv vour united action. Vou are re- 

• • • 

quested to urLTc tlu^ adoption of thi^ form by your local school authorities, 
that it may become a part (>i the regular daily school curriculum. 

352 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Having fought to defend the Flag, can we not do much to preserve 
it with all that it stands for Liberty, Humanity, Honor. Surely we cannot 
end our lives more fittingly than in laboring earnestly and affectionately 
to teach all the elements of good which are embodied in the Standard of 
our Countrv. 

With proper respect for the Flag the growing youth of the land, 
whether of native or foreign parentage, will lie the standing army of the 
United States, enlisted for a common defense of justice and righteous 


In the mind of the undersigned there should l)e another National 
Legal Holiday— called Flag Day — and it should be the 14th of June, the 
anniversary day of the adoption of the Flag. But he is not clear that he is 
authorized, under his appointment as Special Aide in charge of Military In- 
struction in Schools, to ask his Assistant Aides to act in furthering such 
measures as would lead to the enactment of a law creating such a day. 
Such a bill, however, has been presented to the Legislature of the State of 
New York, but not as emanating from any organization. However, it will 
be very gratifying to have your views on the subject, and to hear that you 
approve, and perhaps in your individual capacity as p citizen have prepared 
a similar bill for presentation to your several State Legislatures. Should 
your res[>onse be favorable, it might lead to a retjuest to all the Department 
Encampments to approve of such a movement and the bringing of the sub- 
ject before the next National Encampment for action. 

No holiday would be more universjilly observed in the United States, 
as nosectitjnal feelinir could be aroused — and what more patriotic work can 
l>e accomplished than the creation of a day when the whole country would 
l>e literally covered with flags and every j)erson rejoiein«:: under their influ- 


Special Aide to tlie ('(tutinandiriit-Cliief in charge of 
Military Inatruction in Public Schools. 

New York, Jfarch m, 1891). 

Salute to tfii: Flao. 

At the cfivon liour in the inoniinir tlic pupils are assembled 
and in th(Mr i)liices in the sciiool. A siirnal is given by the prin- 
cipal of the school. Evei'v studenl or pujiil rises in his place. 
'I'he Fhiir is broni:ht foi'\var<l to the pi'incipal or teacher. While 
it is i)*Mim" brouirht forward from the door to the stand of the 

Grand Army of the Republic 353 

principal or teacher every pupil gives the flag the military salute, 
which is as follows : 

The right hand uplifteu, palm ni^ward, to a line with the 
forehead, close to it. Wiiile thus standing with the palm up- 
lifted and in the attitude of salute, all the pupils repeat together 
slowly and distinctly the following pledge : 

** I pledge allegiance to my Flag and to the Republic for which it stands. 
One nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for all." 

At the words, as pronounced in this pledge, " to my Flag,** 
each one extends the right hand gracefully, palm upward, to- 
ward the Flag until the end of the pledge of affirmation. Then 
all hands drop to the side. The pupils, still standing, all sing 
together in unison the song " America " — *^ My Country, 'tis of 

In the primary departments, where the children are very 
small, they are taught and repeat this, instead of the pledge as 
given for the older children : 

** T ffive niv hand, inv head, niv heart to mv country. 
One country, one people, one llaj^." 

In some schools the salute is <rivon in silence, as an act of 
reverence, uiuiceoinpaniod by any i)l('dge. At a signal, as the 
FUig readies its station, tijc riirlit hand is raised, palm downward, 
to a horizontal position ai^ainst tljo forehead, and held there until 
the Flag is <iipped and reMii'iUMl to a vertical position, ^rhen, at 
a second siLMuil, the hand is di-opped to the side, and tlie pupil 
takes his scat. The silent saiuti.' conforms verv closelv to the 
military and naval sahilc to ihc Flair. 

Principals niav a(h>pt the ** silent salute" for a daily exer- 
cise and the *'])le(iii^e salute" for s[)ecial occ-asions. 

Without wisliiuL^ in auv wav to attract attention to mvsclf 
or to what it has Ixm'U my ])rivile_ire to perform, except as an 
illustration of wluit niav he aceoni])lished hy the introduction 
of the Unit<^d States Mair whei'cver it may he needed, 1 may bo 
pardoned for alludin^^ to my mission to Porto IJico at the close 
of the year 181»!, when I went as a messenger from Lafayette 


354 Thirty-third National Encampment 

Post Xo. 140, of Xew York, with 600 bunting flags (4 x 6) for 
the school-children of that island. What I saw there, in the re- 
ception of the Flag by children who could be taught in no more 
expressive or simple way, convinced me that the Flag should be 
unfurled wherever it has a right to float, and that it should be 
approached in a spirit of reverence and saluted with a distin- 
guished mark of respect. There are so many sections and sub- 
sections of our country where children are not privately taught 
what the Flag means, or that it represents the principles of our 
Oovernment and all that the Government guarantees, I am con- 
vinced that they should be publicly instructed and that there 
is no more effective wav than in the Public Schools. 

Xew York City, through its I^oard of Education, has 
adopted this form, as my circular of ^lay 5th shows, and I am 
proud to report this success in a city where 400,000 school- 
children daily show respect for the Flag which waves over a 
wider domain than it did a few months before, and i^roclaims 
amoufi: other virtues the noble one of humanitv. 

Xew York, J/r/// 5, 1899. 

To Special AiDEf? ox Military Instructions in I*rRLi<- Schools. 

The {ollowiiiir extract from \\\v minutes of the Board of Education of 
the Citv of New York is herebv forwarded for vour information: 

• • • 

Mr. Richardson j)resented llie following, and asked for and ob- 
tained unanimous consent for its immediate consideration: 

To the Board of Editcalion : 'J'.he Committee on School System, to 
winch was referred tlie communication from Allan ('. Bakewell, S|)ecial 
Aide to the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Army of the Repul)lic, in 
chari^e of Patriotic E<hication in Public Sclio(»ls, relative to the form of 
salute to the flag in the Public Schools, would respectfully recommend 
that a copv of said connnunication be sent to each liorouirii School 
Board, with the statement that the Committee on School System ap- 
prove of the suggestions contained therein and recommend that favor- 
able action be taken in the nuitter. 

\VALI)0 II. UlCHARDSOX, i Commiffie 


C. [{. ROBERTSON. \ School Sf/.'<f,'W. 

The President put the <|uestion wlu^ther the Board would adopt the 
report of tlie Conimittee on School System, and it was decided in the 
affirmative bv a unanimous vote. 

Grand Army of the- Republic 355 


New York, March 21, 1899. 

The IIoxorable Board of Education, New York City, 
Hon. Joseph J. Little, President. 

Gentlemen: As. Special Aide totlieCoininander-in-Chief of the Grand 
Army of the Uepublic in charge of Patriotic Education in Public Schools, 
I have the honor to iuforni you that I have observed in some of the 
schools in the Horoughs of Manliattan and Brooklyn a daily salutation, 
by the pupils, to the United States Flag, and am asking your special 
attention to this matter, with the hope that the form and custom may 
lie required by your Honorable Board in all the schools of the different 
Boroughs under your jurisdiction. 

It has been noted by me that the daily form does not consume any of 
the pupils' time whatever, as the schools meet in the morning in gen- 
eral assembly for. opening exercises, at the close of which a designated 
l>oy and girl, each holding a staff and flag of suitable size, are sta- 
tioned at the end of the aisle where the pupils in marching out of the 
room separate for their different classrooms.' flag-bearers hold the Flag aloft — crossed overhead — and the 
pupils, at a distance of. say, ten feet before reaching the place where the 
flag-bearers are posted, bring their riglit hands to their heads, palms 
downward, and hohl them in that position until they have passed 
l»eneath the flails, when the hands are smartly dropped to their natural 

On occasions of patriotic exercises, a f()rin is made an addition to 
such other portions of program as may l)e the order of the day, which 
1 have the honor to eiK lose. 

Kespect fully yours, 


Sp< rial Aide in the CnnDnaiKlfr-in-C/u'ef, Grand Army of the Republic^ 
in cfutnjp of Pittviotic Kdncdiion in Public Schools. 

From reports received throii^^li many sources, especially 
from my Department Aides, 1 am surprised to learn tliat tlie 
Flag is not altoirether welcome in some localities, and I suggest a 
careful perusal of tjje extracts of reports herewith su])mitte(l, tliat 
the truth may ])e wholly known and some means devised for ap- 
plying a remedy. Wljile mmdi ])rogress has been made in the 
♦Southern States, much remains to be done — patience and per- 

356 Thirty-third National Encampment 

severance will be necessary. It might not be wise to infer that 
our Southern brethren are not loyal to tiie Flag — I believe they 
are ; but it is not welcomed on all occasions, nor is it set up as it 
should be, as a shrine where patriots worship. While there is a 
certain respect for it, antipathy to the Grand Army of the Re- 
public and controversy over School Histories retard the prog- 
ress of patriotic education to a greater or less degree. To the 
end that every school-house — whether public or private — every 
industrial school or orphan asylum, sectional or religious, should 
fly the Flag, I recommend earnest work on the part of every De- 
partment and every Post, and I point with pride to Lafayette 
Post of New York City, wliose most important Standing Com- 
mittee is the one on Military Instruction, Patriotic Education, 
and Flag Presentation. I am informed that this Post has re- 
ceived during the past year requests from widely separated 
places in the country for flags for Sunday Schools, Colored 
Bureaus, etc., etc., and that in no instance has the call been 
made in vain. 

The donation of the flags to Porto Rico by this Post needs 
more than a passing notice, and I cannot better place the result 
before von than bv submitting- a letter recently received from 
General Eaton of the United States Army, the Director of Public 

Sax Ji'AX. PrERTo Kico. Miuj 27, 1899. 
Col. Allan C Bakewkll. 

7j<if(if/('tfe Post, 479 Fifth Atrnuv, Xt-ir York. 

Dear dtlnufl : IJoforo rotiriiiix from my wmk lioif. I must write 
vou a wonl about llu' Hairs furuislioil tlie s(.-ln)ols ol' tins Ulaiul bv vou and 

• • • • 

vour associates of tho Lafavi'tto Post. TIktc c-t)ul(l liardlv iiavc been a 

• • ■ 

moro happy tlntuirht. Tiie Flair i?^ beautiful in itself, and symbolieal of all 
that is be>t in America. As you saw wiien here, it was at onee attractive 
to the i>eople and the ciiihlren. 

I liave now visile<l personally m(»st of tlu^ municij)alities in tlie I>land. 
and have si»en the Flajj: saluted and heard '* America" >unj^ in Knirli^h in a 
lar«re number <^f >chooW. wlicre a word of Kiiirlish was never heard until 
within a few months. The lslan<l is now divi<le(l into sixteen divi>ions, an<l 
ai supervisor of Kmrlish is in charire of each <livi>itni. vi>iting all the schools 
in cilv and <'Ountrv. l'ndi>ubtedlv lO.fKK) children are now learniiii: Kiiirlish. 

• • • "^ 

and as a visitor enters a scIuh)!. one of the first things asked is, will he have 

Grand Army of the Republic 3S7 

the Flag saluted. This is everywhere the favorite exercise, and the children 
enjoy carrying the Flag at the head of the procession whenever the schools 
march in public. This has been notably so here in San Juan when the 
people assembled to express their joy at the ratification of the treaty by the 
Senate and on the occasion of the celebration of Washington's birthday, and 
when they gathered to greet Secretary Alger, and when again they assem- 
bled to bid good-by to General Henry and to welcome General Davis. I 
have never seen the Flag saluted in the States with more enthusiasm than I 
have seen it here in the schools of Puerto Rico. 

The map of the United States is now going into every school, and they 
connect the Flag with the country which the map represents. 

The new school laws provide for the extension of the study of English 
and the instruction of patriotic songs, and the Flag will constantly be an 
object lesson, bringing to the minds of the people, as they learn the facts of 
American history and sing the songs of liberty, the principles and institu- 
tions which are offered to them. 

Thanking you personally for the aid the flags have been to me in ray 
work here, and thanking you in behalf of the Puerto Ricans that have been 
gratified by your generosity, I am, very sincerely yours, 


Director of Public Insfructioti, 


.1 A' AM AXIS 

•• 1 liavc no n-poit lo make, owir.i,^ lo the fact that T am an invalid, dis- 
ability (»f mtv'cc (»riL;in. -«i I caniiol iravt-l. 1 did some corresponding, but 
n'cciviMl no I'cply. Only here at this place did I succeed to have Old Glory 
placed upon the x-lmol-hou-c, and pati'ioiic instruction, to some extent, in- 
auu^uratcd in the >clio<>l. 

•A. (J. CHrTClIMAX." 

rA/JFO/!\/A AM) X/:VA/)A. 

•'It i'^ my nnliia'^t'd lirlicf that in no comniunity in the land is there 
tau-jrht in the Pnldic Schnni^ a nmi-c loval ohsci'vaiice of what the Stars 
and Stripes si;;nify to tin- li^inir L:eneration. From almost every seliool 
house in Calil'onn'a the Flau: proudly fh»ats dnrinir the weekly >es>ions, and 
inmost sirhools the niominLr fai^ini: and evi-niuL: loweriui; of ' Old Olorv * 
are attendecl with appropriate ceriinonies. In the schools in most towns 
4in<l cities, an«l more particularly lho<e in San Francisco, the morning intro- 

358 Thirty-third National Encampment 

duction of the colors is made a patriotic feature each day — teachers and 
scholars tendering their loyal salutations to freedom's banner — suitable 
songs and meaning sentiments accompanying the ceremony. In the matter 
of military instruction, it is a pleasure to assure you that much is done to 
familiarize the scholars with such movements as are best calculated for the 
early training of our youtli. In some of the schools the children have 
reached a high degree of proficiency in marching in alignment, in pre- 
serving distance, and in other features which tend to develop a natural pride 
of military heritage, thus producing better discipline, and to a great extent 
inspiring a love for and devotion to our country. In this city, and others 
in the State, the school autliorilies, acting for the best interests of our 
youth, have emj)loyed competent instructors for the purpose of producing 
the objects named. Probably no better presentation of these results could 
be mentioned than the almost unparalleled sight of about one thousand 
school-children from eight to fourteen years of age, of both sexes, all in uni- 
form, marching in columns or j)hitoons. carrying with exactitude small or 
miniature arms and American Flags, and keeping step with military pre- 
cision, which animated the principal street of San Francisco on last Memo- 
rial Day. It was a feature of tlie yjarade that awakened in the hearts of 
those who thronged the sidewalks new sentiments of loyalty to the Flag, 
and love for the country whose integral character it is the pride and honor 
of the old Union Veterans to have helped achieve. And these children, in 
whose little hearts it is the ambition of the Grand Army of the Republic to 
inspire patriotic thoughts, were conveying to their parents an object lesson 
of loyalty more powerful than any taught by the most brilliant oratory. It 
is a satisfaction to be able to assure you that in tlie Public Schools of Cali- 
fornia no class of visitors are more warmly welcomed than Comrades of the 
Grand Army. The State Superintendent of Public Instruction, the various 
Boards of Education, Scliool Directors, Teachers and Scholars, all strive to 
make pleasant our visits, official or otherwise, and in reciprocal manner our 
public feducators and their scholars are frequently found attending the social 
ent<jrtainments of the Grand Army. It is my opinion that the Department 
of Military Instruction, under the auspices of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, can be continued with honor to our organization, and be made a 
factor of great good in the public schools of our country. 



** Upon receiving my appointment I personally interviewed and en- 
tered into correspondence with the State Superintendent of Schools and a 
number of our County Superintendents of Schools, and especially the Super- 
intendent of Arapahoe County, of which Denver is the county seat ; also 
with Mr. Gore, who is Superintendent of School District No. 1, which takes 

Grand Army of the Republic 359 

in the [principal part of the city. T foun<l that in many of the schools special 
attention is <ifivcn to military instruction and history perlaininjj to tlio 
Civil War. and military matters irenerally. I sent out circulars to a jjreat 
many of the County Superintendents, and have received a number of inter** 
estin^ replies, amon^ them one from (Comrade Aaron Gore, above men- 
tioned. In the city of Denver we have three military companies composed 
of sciiolai*s in th(» Public Schools, one in Denver High Scliool and one in the 
Manual Training High School, and one in the West Denver High School. 
These companies always turn out on Decoration Day and other military oc- 
casions. Thev are well uniformed, in the same stvle as the National Guards 
— in fact, so much so that complaint lias been made to the Adjutant-Oijneral 
of the Stat(? on this ground. These companies are not oflicially recognized 
by the school boards or the s(rhool authorities, but are given encouragement 
in several ways. The general feeling throughout the State among those en- 
jjaged in edu(;ational work is in favor of militarv instruction, and this sen- 
timent is growing among the people generally. We have a numl)er of 
si)ecial days in the schools when military instruction is given, and impor- 
tant historical lessons impressed upon the scholars. It may be said that 
there is no section of the countrv where our flag is more highlv honored and 
<mr Government more respected and the people more willing to support it 

than in the State of Colorado. 

''II. M. OUAllOOD." 

Letter ok Aaron Gore Deferred To. 

" I am in hearty accord with the provisions of Semite Bill 8,30G, now 
in the Fifly-tifth Congress. It |)rovi(les for assistance from the National 
Government in the matter of Military Instruction in the Public Schools. The 
advantages and importance of such instruction are indicated in two lines of 
helpful <lisciplino to boys: in addition to this, an<l (piitt^ as important in the 
min<ls of many people, is that phase which involves the preparation for a 
soldier, to the end that, in tinu*s of dangi^r to the country, a need of (U'ompt 
and intelligent means of defence in the absence of a large standing army is 
a necessity. The importance of having men ready for duty is more highly 
appreciated in Europe than in America. Hut over an<l above this reason 
for maintaining military instruction is that of physical training, with oIm?- 
dience in military drill and tlu^ habits of order, neatness, and self-posses- 
sion, which an* inseparable from the duties of the young soldier. Crooked 
forms art; nnide straight ; contracted chests are enlarged: a nnndy gait and 
an erect position accompany military drill. Then* is that in the young fellow 
who wears tin? uniform of a M)ldier of his country that arouses pride of a vir- 
tuous and heljjful sort. Again, it is conceded at the pre>ent lime that the 
greatest vice of Young .Vmerica is conceit ; the polite and reverential conduct 
of the youth of .\nu-rica that obtained in ff)rmer years has disajjpea red : self- 
assumption, followe<l by an unwillingness to comply with law, is charac« 

36o Thirty-third National Encampment 

teristic of the young men and too frequently of the old men of our country. 
The execution of law, the obedience to orders — an essential element of manly 
character — receive their highest cultivation in the military corps. The boy 
who is unaccustomed promptly to obey at home or in school, with a few 
months of young cadet life finds his character changed; he has learned to 
obey proper authority without question. To talk back; to insist upon rea- 
sons: to hesitate in prompt compliance — a part of tlie ordinary life of the 
average American boy — are found at that time to be not luibitual, and, later, 
demonstrated to be a weakness. I therefore believe that, over and above tlie 
military education whicli will enable the country to liave a large reserve 
force of trained soldiers at hand on call, these other and important consid- 
<?rationsof vigorous i)hysical training and rigid mental discipline, tending 
toward obedience to proper authorities at proper times without question, are 
an ex(?eedingly desirable and appropriate measure. It is unnecessary to 
add that I have no sympathy with that opinion which prevails in some parts 
of our countrv that militarv instruction tends to inculcate a warlike char- 
acter; iience seeks for opportunity to quarrel. The ()pj)osile is true, and has 
been true from the beginning: the last man to engage in a conflict, or to 
encourage a conflict at arms, has ever been found to be the soldier, whether 
in tlie ranks or under shoulder-straps." 


'•It gives me pleasure to report that the fourth year of my service 
shows gratifying signs of progress. A healthy spii-il of patriotism has been 
aroused in our Pul)lie Schools, and over many of Ihcni the Stars and Stripes 
are now daily unfurled. At. first my work was unpopiil.-ir. and met with 
much oflicial opposition from school superintendents and teachei's. This 
year, however, a kindlier feeling is nJanife^te(l. and the Sujierintendent of 
Public Education luis given an oflicial ajijiroval to military instruction in 
the high schools. Since the foregoing was rejxu'ted in l-'chruary of this 
year no julditional j)rogress has been made, but, rather, a loss (M' previous 
a(lvanc(\ Some of the scrhools have failed to take propel- care of the flags, 
j)oles. etc., that were j)resented them, in conser|nen(M> of which the daily 
inifurling of tlu^ flag has ceased, for a time at lea>-t. As I have stated in 
my previous reports, hei'c in the South, where tliere is a shaip clash between 
the United Confederate Veterans ami the (Ji-and Aiiny of '. he Republic on 
seiiool histories, the ])reju(lic(! is too great to be overcome at pi'esenf in our 
cffoi'ls in behalf of military in>truction and patriotism in T*ul)lic Schools, 
nearly all being under ('onfe<Jerate contiol. 

"S. llKHIiKirr I..\N('KV." 


'' Ar^ militarv instruction authorized bv law through detail of ollicers 

Grand Army of the Republic 361 

from the Upiteil States? Army and Navy is at present rest rictcd to established 
niilit«ry sciiools. colleges, universities, etc., 1 confine this report principally 
to indicating such establislied institutes in these States at which these military 
instructors have been detailed, and tlie necessity of greater effort for incul- 
cating the patriotic side of national military instruction. The impoitance 
of real education is more generally recognized to-day than ever before. At 
no time within the lives of living men has this need been more convincingly 
felt than now. 

•'To develop the patriotic side of American military instruction is 
the one comprehensive need, that it keep pace with intellectual, spiritual, 
4ind material progi-ess, that tlie nation escape peril through differentiating 
interests. We need instruction pnxluctive of the best patriotic result, and 
it is a duty to compensate adequately the highest educative force obtainable 
to effect it. 

** ProV)ably no two States have a larger ])roportionate population lack- 
ing in active educational interest than these two States. I presume in 
three-fourths of the counties of each the National Flag nowhere floated 
until entliusiasm became aroused with the beginning and progress of the 
war with Spain. It is probable it floated in many places in all counties of 
both States, at one time or another, during the progress of that war ; over 
some public buildings, business houses, schools, and at many private resi- 
dences ; but only to beeonu* too much disused following the declaration of 
peace. Thus, to many, it luMM.ines too distinctively an emblem of war, un- 
neces^arv in i)en((\ The (IjiLTtoo rarrlv ilonts in these Slates elsewhere than 
<'n t»fiices and l)uildings of \\w Vwiivd Stales (iovcrunient. on an occasional 
municipal building in large cilio. over inililary schools, and a few established 
insiilutions of le/iiiiing. I kin)\v <»f init one town in South Carolina where 
it ^oal>^ over a comnioii school. If tlie flag is u^ed as an element of e<luca- 
ti'in in |>alriotic instruction in cither State, cxcej)! at one or two points, the 
fact i-i not generally known. 

"The Thirlv-lli>i National llncanipnicnl of th<* Grand Armv con- 
cnrred in a reMihilion \o urge upon the ('<tn'j:re^s of llj(» Tnited States to so 
IcLri^late a*^ that 1 he ioiial l-'iag shall (loat over all presi<lential post- 
otlices throughout the national domain. This measure should iie<'ome 
law and i»c executed. Out of til'ty proidcnlial po^t ollices in the State of 
(ieorgia less than ten (inal the tlag. It i> not Iloated o\er more than six or. 
eight of the lliirt\--i\ pre-ideii; ial po>t-onices in South Carolina. 

** Durinir the pa^t t\v«ior ilncc years military in^trudor'^ from the 
I'nited Stale-- Arni\ lia\e inipar!e<l instruction at the lollowing in-titnle>: 
In South Cai'olina. at the Soiilli Carolina Militai'v (Citadel) A(a<l<my at 
Charle>ton. the Clein>o;i (oll.i.r at Cleiu--<in. and the Patrick Militai'v In>ti- 
luti' at Andei><»n. In (ioiiiia. at the A. »S. M CidliLre at Haldol ei,'a, th(» 
M. (i. A. M. Cr»llci:e at M ill'd^eville, the Isarne^x ill.' Institute at Harnes- 
ville. ami like in>t met ion lia-« aNo hecii gixeii at theCeoruda State Cniver- 
sitv und«'r an onicer einploved i»v the tru>tee>; thereof. I think these in- 

362 Thirty-third National Encampment 

stnictions are regarded with much favor, but are still in experimental 
stages. I do not learn that any j)rogress is made intro<lucing patriotic In- 
st motion with the use of the flag, or that it is a part of the instruction ex- 
pected to be imparte<l. Surprise and admiration have Ixhmi often heard and 
expressed in localities where Cnited States troops have lK*en located within 
the past year, for the salute, manner of recosrnition, and reverence officers 
and soldiers accorded the flag whenever pa>aing it, or in its imuiediate pres- 
ence. It does not appear that our * cadets ' (graduates), or those yet receiv- 
ing instruction at institutes where military iii>tructoi-s have been stationed, 
have received like distinctive culture an<l re^jK'ct fortius flag. These will 
soon become sovereign citizens, whose example is sure of imitation by others. 
It is at least regretful that out of all the (juiet devotion and affection for 
*01d (ilory/ there does not materialize more effort to iusun' instruction of 
a patriotic character. The times are lacking in the freshness and vigor 
assertive of a true American, stalwart patriotism. Xo progress means sure 
decay. The spirit that foundt'd civil and religious ]il)erty is as essential to 
fierpetuate as it was to create. 

"All our national legi>lation for' inculcating military instruction 
lacks efficient radiating patriotic vitality. It operates to avert from the 
yeomanry whose j)atriotism is apiM'aled to when the national defence is 
imperilled. Jt is selfish, distinctively military at the expense of the patri- 
otic, and too remote from lho<e for whom a >ystem shouhl be devised im- 
parting the l)est |Mjssible j»atriotic instruction that may somehow reach to 

and |)ermeate the common s<!hool. 



''Comrade : After extended correspondence with the principals of the 
leading Public Schools of this State, and |H»rsonal visitation of schools in 
my immediate vicitii.ty, I am able to report as follows : 

** In advance of any legislation ui>on the >ubject, the matter of military 
and patriotic instruction in the Public Schools i^ already far advanced in this 
State. In every town where there is an active Post of the Grand Armv, 
military instruction is firtnly established: and in other localities public- 
opinion has paved the way for the flag drill atid otlier patriotic exercises. 

" In Boise, the capital city, the entire tiumber of twenty schoolsand de- 
partments have made most satisfactory pn|irress. The accura<y of the 
general march in column has excited the admiration of military officials- 
who have witnessed the j)ara<les, while the direct instruction in class in 
national history in its patriotic bearings is of the highest character. 

"Our State University at ^loscow formed among its pupils an armed 
and uniformed company of cadets, and at the outbreak of the Spanish War 
the entire body volunteered. The principal of tlie Moscow eity schools 
writes: 'Thanks to our friend, Lindol Smith (Past Department Corn- 

Grand Army of the Republic. 363 

mander of the Grand Army of the Ilepublio), who has been a member of our 
School Board for eight years past, wo have followed the suggestions named 
in your letter. To Mr. Smith we owe much of the spirit of patriotism that 
we feel so proud of in our city vKchools. Jlc has presented us with tj^o 
excellent flag-poles, which will be put to good use. Our grailuating class 
made a fine Hag with their own hands and presented it to the Board of 
Trustees, jind the j)Upils of Kussell School look up a subscription and 
bought a fine, large flag for their own school.' 

''The principal of the schools of Payette writes : 'We have not fol- 
lowed jusi in the line indicated in your circulars, but have by talks, drills, 
aiul decorations made progress. With our new school facilities for next 
year, we hope to do more thorough work in teaching patriotism.' 

*' The principal of the llailey school writes : 'Two years ago 1 taught 
the salute as suggested in your circular : at the same time purchased and 
erected an 85- foot flag- pole from which daily floats a 12 by 20 foot 
American flag, storm not preventing. The school house and flag ai*o 
engrave<l in our diploma. We go farther in military instruction. In lieu 
of recess the principal drills the three higher departnuMits in military 
formation, such as scjuares, column of fours, column of twos, open order, 
twos or fours, right or left. School children here always participate in the 
ob.«Jervance of Memorial Day.' 

•*Re|M)rts from other portions of our Slate indicate that the Grand Army 

principle — that patriotic teaching should have its beginning in the heart of 

the children — is fully apj)roved by the i)ublic, and is gaining general 

practical adoption. 

•'('HAS. A. CLARK.' 


** 1 at oiu'e entered on the di^charge of the duties of the ofllce at my 
own city (Bloomiii Id) by securing the orgHuization of the boys in the Public 
Schools into a company for military instruction, and secured o number of 
instructors to take charge of them, each in turn. The boys were delighted 
with the o[>portunity (»t drilling, attended j)ron)ptly, and made a good degree 
of proficiency. On the I5ih of April, 18J)9. 1 issued an open letter to the 
boys of Iowa, and had a thousand copies j)rinted for distribution among the 
su|)erintendents. teachers, and the press of the State in the cities and large 
t^)wns. By nujuest, the Department Couinuiiuler of the (irand Army of the 
Republic appointed a special Aide iiM-ach Congressional District to assist 
me in the work of organization of military companies in the I^ublic Schools 
and my efforts to secure the cooperation (»f the parents and teachers and 
press of the State. Some of those appointed reported promptly by letters, 
others I met in person. 1 desire? to express my thanks to Assistant Adju- 
tant-General ileiu'v A. Dver for his kindness in nuiiling to all the (irand 
Army of the Re[)ublic posts of the State my ' Letter to the Boys of Iowa.' 
and to the editors of the papers who were kind enough to publish the .same. 

364 Thirty-third National Encampment 

The Slimmer vacation of the tichools came so soon after my appointment 

that there were only a few weeks left for organization. When the schools 

open for the fall and winter terms I hope for a renewed interest on the part 

of the boys, teachers, and parents, and for larger results. The remarkable 

achievements of our army and navy in the Spanish-American War, and the 

interest felt every where for the success of our arms in the Philippines, have 

awakened the loyalty and patriotism of the American people to the necessity 

of a preparation for any emergency that may hereafter arise to endanger the 

dear old flag or the liberty of its people or the Union of the States repre- 

iiented bv the Stars and Strii)es. 

**S. A. MOORE." 



" I am on my vacation, and will not be al)le to make my report by the 
time named. Some progress lias been made, and a general order resjx^cting 
the matter will be promulgated through headquarters on my return. 

''E. W. CrXNJXGHAM.'' 


*' I brought the matter before our School Board, but no action was 
taken, and probably none will be until after our next election. 

'^0. A. IJEVNOLDS." 


*• It seems that the most that can be done is to keep tlic nuitter con- 
stantly b(»fore the public until Congress shall ngaiii meet, when the bill will 
be pjTsM^l giving authority to whatever action nuiy he taken by the (iraiul 
Army of the l{e[)ul)lic. Itsacceptance by tlh- schools of the" country, in.Mking 
military insliuction n part of the curriculunu is beyond (]ue>ti(.n. As soon 
as Congress ap[)r()ves, I trust we may do something nioic delinile. 

"iv V. W. lilioKAW." 


*' Owing to the fact that I was not a|»poin1ed to my po>iiion of Aide 
ui\tiKMarcli 18th last, and tht^ fact that the >choo]s of the State closed soon 
afterwards, I have been able to <lo but little lor the cause of Military In- 
struction in tlie i*ublic Schools. 1 tind, too, jimong IxMh teachers niid schor»l 
(»ni<*ers. who have no idea of military drill or (li-cipline. a disijicliiiation 
to add this to their curriculum. 

** My opinion is, that, at least here in ^lissouri, this is a woik that 
will re(juire time in which to get schools and school oIVumts interested and 
instructiMl. To some extent this can be done through (Jrand Army of the 

Grand Army of the Republic 365 

Republic posts, who may brinp their local influence to bear in its favor. 
Then it may be inaugurateil in s»>me of our city schix">ls, like St. Louis and 
Kansas Citv, an<l finally be extended to other cities anil towns. 

"The subject is an important one. ami the l>est plan in which it may 
be carried out is not very plain to me yet. 




** Since notification of mv assiirnment to dutv in connection with the 
schools of Maine there has been no session tif the Lejjislature. and arms are 
the first thing to be obtained. There are now in two of our cities organized 
companies of high school cadets. In Portland the battalion consists of 
three companies, haiulM^mely uniformed, well drilled, having a major com- 
manding with fidl staff and a bjind of twelve pieces. We have them out 
on all public occasions — on Memorial Day, Fourth of July— and a few 
days since they were in the escort when we had l.'iOO men on ftarade from 
the six ships of the North Atlantic Squadron. 1 am t>f opiniDU this inter- 
est can be promoted by having a ct)mnule in each county of the State asso- 
ciated with me, and with this in view have alreadv asked for assistance of 
our department headquarters. Wc would then be able to approtich nuMU- 
bers of the Legislature for arms and equipments, and in meantime get in 
touch with lm*al school board>. 

*rHAS. H. BOYD." 


*' There 1-^ a stan<li ^ir ordinance by our City (Baltimore) Council that 
the Cnitcd Slates Flair !>♦' iioi>i<'(l over cvory l*ul)li<" School house : llie 
principals arc niadf ivspoiisililc for this fiiiicli(»n. and right royally i> it 
perfornii'd. 1 am not aware of any State law on the >anu* subject. It is 
ordered also that <ni Meiimrial Day tlu' tlairs be half-mast from >unriM' t«» 
sini>et. ( Ml the l-'riday pn'cediiiir all national. State, (.r municipal holi- 
days the teachers are directed in till' ;j:ranunar >chools to rea<l the Decla- 
ration of huh'pendeiiee to the jMipils. By ordinaiK'c of t he Halt inuu'e City 
Council an hour oii each Fridav attei" t he first Mondav in ('ach month was 
onlered to bo devoted to the teaehinu: of patriotism in our <'ity schools. 
This rule is well observed : and e'-^aNs by the puj)il> on some f)nicer who has 
Ix'come con-'picuou< l»v reason of lieioie eiTort or braverv are written and 
submitted to the >everal priiifipaU. an<l nu-ntion of m«M'itorious <'ssays is 
made before the cla^>. lii many of our -chools tin* openiui: exeri-ises ar<' 
conducte<l. in pait. by the >iuu'iiii; by the jdipii-^ of 'My Country, *ti< 
of Thee,' In a few of tin- as-^einhly rooms th«' front wall is draped with 
'Old (ilory.' I propose in ih,' early autumn' to make the etTort to have 
Col. I{akoweir>- * pledu;e >aluti'' introduced. .lune 14th i> fittingly observed 
by the schools, and appropriate exercises thereto arc arranged and carried 

366 Thirty-third National Encampment 

out in a becoming manner, as Flag Day. The only drilling thus far during 
my holding of the position of Assistant Aide has been conducted by our pro- 
fessor of physical training. The boys take liold willi ze>i and develop a 
very marked adaptability to the exercises. I liope to see the day in which 
Chancellor McCracken's desire, as ex])resscd at Tampa, Florida, National 
Military Convention, last February, mav be realized ; viz., ' that every one 
of the 80.000 vounjir men who leave our high schools every year mav be 
competent to drill a company.' I wrote and interviewed our Senators and 
Representatives in Congress regardiug II. 11. t),5r)() recjuesling the detail of 
a military olTicer fordutvin our Public Schools. They all endorsed the 
scheme, but referred to the urgent business before Congress caused by the 
S[)auish War; and, as the secpiel proved, we fouiul ourselves, with many 
others, neglected to the rear for the renuiinder of that session of Coiigres-i. 


•'PiXercise commemorationsof thedavaro held in man v schools, teaching 

• ft C77 

the lessons of Lincoln's aiul Washiugton's birthdays, as well as Memorial 
Day and PMag Day. The military instruction giveii in the schools reaches 
a very large number, and notwithstanding the objections raise<l by soiuc 
of our su[)ersensitive etherealists who deprecate any allusion to arms aiul 
the use" of force, but who would govern by moral suasion, the interest has 
not diminished. Out of 2,J371 schools where 2110,21)4 children are taught 
in (),87o scrhoolrcK)ms — .■>,401) of which have flags— 2o4.SU) .pupils in 4.TS4 
rooms give the flag salute. Patriotic education is given in 2,2Sl) s(ho(>l>, 
and in nuiny the Declaration of Independence hand's upon the w;ill>. 

••bkxja:mix ukai) walks." 


'* Previous to the recent war 1 organized, instruct e(l. and paraded a regi- 
ment of boys'fn)m the pul)li(; schools of this city (KliZ'ibeth). At t lie close 
of the summer vacation it became lu'cessary to renew the uniforms of the 
bovs who had not graduated, and the' interest died out. Since inv return 
from service in the Spanish-American War 1 have not been in a fiaiue of 
jnind for displaying much interest in anything. 1 regret my inability lo 
make a report of co-operation which your energetic efforts have deseived. 

••AV. 11. I)i: HART.'" 


** Immediately upon receipt of your circular of February. ISOO, I com- 
municated with our patriotic comrade. A. P. Uounsvcll. who inspires with 
his own enthusiasm all with whom he comes in contact, and also wrote to 
Comrade Senator TiUke in regard to S. :J.;J1K> and If. II. (Looti. IJoih were 
greatly interested in the bill, and did what ihey could to mh-utc its passage. 

Grand Army of the Republic 367 

**The State University of North Dakota and the Agricultural Collo|ji\ 
each has a inilifary department, and the cadets arc supplied by the Govern- 
ment with cadet rifles and otlier accoutrements. Soiiie of the former stu- 
dents of these institutions are now in the United States military service. 
Lieut. Fred Smith, who has just resigned from Ids North Dakota Company 
now on its way home, has re-enlisted for further service in the Philippines, 
lie was a member of the military company at tlie University. 1 l)elieve the 
bill, with the proposed amendment providing 'retireil as well as active 
otficei-s/ will not fail to pass. 



** There are in Cincinnati lliree companies of high school c:idcts in pros- 
perous condition, an«l there are some ten companies scattered o\cr the State. 
There are alM) some three or four regiments of Hoys' Brigade attached to 
the various churdies. 1 believe thev should receive nuMition, as thev are 
doing good work in the same ciiu>e. Tlie best interests of our cause make 
it imj>ortant that the Aide-in-Chief and a corps of competent assistant nides 
be continued for a series of years, and that adetinite policy be pursued. It 
takes nutny more than the last few months of the school year to get the work 
well in hand. Such work as eslai>lishing the Salute to the Flagsliould com- 
mence at or near the beginning of the school year. It seems to me that a 
roolulion by the National Kiieanipment , refjuotiiig the co-operation of the 
United Slates Cominis>ioMer oi' Kducation, the Slate School Commissioners, 
and Superint^'udenls of Sclioojs in the patriotic work to be done in tlu; 
sch(»olrooms. would be an elTcciive way to pi'iK-eed, ami to such resolutions 
adfl an urgent and st roii^jf cndorx-ineiit by the several State I><'part nient Com- 
manders, and proi)al)ly of a n'^oluli<»ii from each Depart nuMit Kncampment. 
Such documents in I he jiand> "f the A^sisiani Ai<le'^. with expli<Mt instruc- 
ti«>n- from the Chief Aide, wmdd add >trcnglh to their <'fforts. I would 
sugge>t that a short exeici--.- foi* the x-liool day |)n'ceding MiMuorial Day be 
prepared and adopted, and that it he recoi;niz<Ml as a school duty t hat the 
teachers re<pie>t each pupil t<» iiiiuL'' at lea>-t one tlower or snuill boiKpiet to 
be turned over to the .Metiioiial Day otVicers of their respcM-tive localities; 
that the blank m-IiohI rej.<>ri- !•> the State School ( 'oninN»ioners and of the 
.*^tale School Conni!i^>inner«- to ihe I'liited State- roninii«->ioner of Mducji- 
tion. }»rovide >pace fnr the miliiaiv and other jia'riotic instruction given 
during the year. 1 al-«> -ii-.:! -i ijiai the -cope of ihi- work be made to in- 
r-lude the l>ov>' Iiii-^'ade-. the \. .M. ('. A., arjd the co||e;jc-. 

••u (;. s'I'kkij:." 


" Tin* -UL'-«-"t ion- < <.ii:;iiiied in vour* ciicnlar letterof March oO. IMMK 
in relation to Military In-i ne tjori in I*ur>||c School-, ha\e been faithfully 

368 Thirty-third National Encampment 

carried out in the Public Schools in Oregon. I have visited the schools in 
different portions of the State, and have reports from the County Superin- 
tendents of Education, as well as from the State Superintendent of Educa- 
tion, and from all 1 can learn the salute to the Flag, as prescribed by you in 
your circular letter, is carried out in all of our schools, private as well as 
public. The teachers in all of our schobls appear to be careful to see that 
the salutation to the Flag, as prescribed by you, is given every morning on 

the assembly of the school. 



"The work is progressing satisfactorily, and will continue to grow. 
There are four companies of Cadets at the Nebraska Stale Univei*sity who 
are regularly drilled by a regular army oflicer detailed by the War Depart- 
ment. 'J'hey are finely uniformed and fully equipped with breech-loading 
rifles, and also have two pieces of field artillery, and receive instruction in 
that branch of the militarv service also. There is a full military band con- 
nected with this organization. Verv manv of these students enlisted in the 
First, Second, and Third Nebraska Regiments, United States Volunteers, 
and demonstrated the vahie of having men ready for duty who are able to 
instruct and train the raw material of which our volunteer regiments are 
mainly composed. There is also a battalion of Cadets at the Omaha High 
School numbering about 400, who receive instructions from a regular army 
officer. There are G.676 schoolhouses in our State, and ','78.019 sciiojars. I 
learn from the report of our Department Patriotic Instructor of the Women's 
Relief Cor[)s that 50-^ \)vv cent, of tlie children in our deparinient are giving 
the flag sahite, and in neaily ali schools palrit>lic songs are sung. At least 
i50 per cent, of our schoolhouses have the flag displayed dui'ing school 
hours. The citizens of our State, l)()lh children and adults, have received 
military and patriotic insti'uction during the past yeai- l»y reading of the 
gallant dee<ls j)erforined by tlu^ Fighting First NehniNka Keginient, which 
saile«l from our shores mere schoolboys, and have now returned battle-scarred 
veterans, havinii: won imperishable honor for themselves and their countrv's 
flag. On Friday preceding Memorial Day the veterans of the (J rand Arinv 
of the Kej)ublic attended school, anil found thcschohirs most eager to listen 
to their patriotic words. The State Superintendent of Public Instruction 
savs, * It is most tittini; that attention should Ik* iriviMi in the schools of oui- 
State to exercises that tend to awaken in the y(»ung, patriotic sentiment and 
feeling. Puj)ils shouhl \)v taught something of the grandeur of our nation 
and its flag. In no country are there gieater reasons for li(»noring the flag 
than ours. We should emphasize what the Stars and Sliipc> >!an(l for ; wt* 
should teach that loyalty to our flag means that we must he true to our 
c.ountrv. Our Public Schools are our nation's bulwark, with our school- 
houses as our nation's line of fortification, and it is especially fitlingthat the 
Stars and Stripes shall float over these institutions, in which are being edu- 

Grand Army of the Republic 369 

cated to-day the cliildren who will be the safeguards of our country's destiny 

for the first half of the twentieth century.' 

'*BRAD. P. COOK/' 


** Relative to military instruction in Public Schools in this city (Wash- 
ington), such instruction is confined to the high schools, the Central, East- 
ern, Western, and Business forniing a battalion of six companies, having as 
instructors two officers of the National GuarO. This t)attalion is in a high 
state of efficiency, holding weekly drills. aii<l holding a competitive drill at 
the close of each school session. Kfforts Imvi' been initiated to have this 
instruction extended to the eighth grade, nt least a bill to that eflFect having 
been introduced into the last Congress. The schools pay attention to the 
requirements of Flag Day. June 14tli, celebrating it with patriotic exercises 
in the larger and the smaller schools (•onsolidate<l, the exercises being held 
under the auspices of the comrach's of the G. A. R. and ladies of the W. K. 
C, assisted bv the teachers and school authorities. I find that since the 
close of the Spanish-American War there seems to be mf>re inten^st taken in 
military instruction in the Public Schools ; parents are not so much im- 
pressed with the idea tliat schools are for the study of books only. They 
find military instruction valuable in the teaching of disciplim?, begetting a 
companionshij) that cau>es the boys to work as a unit, and develops the 
elements of a numhood that better fits them, not onlv for their dutv as citi- 
zens in tlu' battle of life, but that of soldiers should the emerijencv need 
tliem. The exercise is athletic in a harmless form. 


"This is not iiilcndcd for a ro|)ort of my doings, but a letter to you, 
showinjr ^^'l»v 1 h.'ivc no report to make. In niv liiiml)le iuilirmeiit, lovaltv 
and patriotism cannot be tMn;,Hit in this disloynl State with any degree of 
success. A copy of some concspondeiice between myself and the Scluw)! 
]k)ard of this place may throw a little lii,dit upon the (piestion. I wrote the 
Chairujan of the l»oanl of School 'i'nistees of thi^ place (Manti) as follows : 
* Permit me to call vour atlention. nnd l he attention of the Hoard, throuirh 
you. to the foll(»\\iiig facts : Actiiiir r<tr the (irarid Army of the R<'public, I 
had the honor, >ome time airo. to pn'scnt to the Pui»lic Schools of Manti a 
flag. Later on. and while net inu" I'oi- tin- same oi'iranizat ion. 1 presente<l to 
tlie same schools the l;iii;e>t and most <*ost Iv lla'^ po>srs>ed bv anv Publico 
Sch(K)l in the State. \^^\\ will renieniher that each flag was presented and 
accepte<l with the di>tinct iimleistanding and airreenienl that such flags 
should be displayed ;it top iii;i>t upon each Xation.-il holiday, and such other 
days as seemed lit . Duiinirthe eun-ent \ear-. the roIiowiiiLr N.-ilional holi- 
days have been im^sed itv. t<» wit : \\';i^liiiiLrtoii's liiiMlidav. Meinoiial Dav, 
andJuly4th. I'pon the two d.-iys la^t named, no flair floated from the 
school building, and on February 22d the large flag was fastened to a 2 x 4 


370 Thirty-third National Encampment 

studding, inverted, and thrust out of the window of the building. Lincoln 
Day, Lafayette Day, and Maine Day pa^^sed by, and noiilier Hag was dis- 
played from any part of the school building. Upon June 1st — a day sacred 
to all saints — neither flag was displayed at even half-nmst. Under these 
circumstances I feel it my duty to request the leturn of the flags. The 
oft and unwarranted violation of the agreement by you, as above suggested, 
is my justification.' 

••I received the following reply: 'Will ?ay timt on account of the 
present flagstaff and roof of the building to which same is attached, not 
being strong enough to support the flag, etc., etc' This excuse is a sham 
And delusion. Tlie small flag at my request was k(j)t at the lop of the mast 
during the whole of the Spanish War. The day I piesentcd the large flag 
to the schools of this place it was hoisted to the t()p(^f the same schoolhouse 
staff, and allowed to remain there for several days in succession upon the 
staff which is now too weak. Since the last National Encami)ment I have 
presented but one flag to a Public School. As an officer under you, I have 
been h)yal to you and to the cause which we both represent, but it is useless 
to disguise the simple tinith. 


" Regarding the subject-matter in question in the Dej)artment of Ver- 
mont, the State Superintendent of Education cooperated very heartily with 
a committee appointed by the Dei)artment Commander regarding the pre- 
JMemorial Day exercises in our Public Schools, which are by our law required 
to observe such exercises. I enclo>e a circulai" issued by the Superintend- 
ent, tlie address in whicli. and the ^Manual for the ilng salute. I j)repared. 
I also uiade such suggestions to the Depart uicnt Coinmaudt'i" as to his order 
for Memorial Dav as occurred to me. and ihev were eiulxxlied therein. 
While our law does not retjuire the seliools to display the Hag, they nearly 
all do so, ami the feeling of loyalty thereto and to the Ignited States, which 
it rej»resents, is very strong in the hearts of Vermont school elnldren. 

'•J. 11. GOULDING.'' 

It seems to me itnnecessarv to have nnicli to s;i\ in eon nee- 
tioii with the foregoing Departmetit IJeports, wiiidi sjx'ak so 
sti'ongly and eloquently favorable to a continued efl'nri toward 
the restilts so long desired, ''i'he late war with S]);iin lias dem- 
onstrated tlie wisdom of trainiii'^ voiinu' men willi militarv 
instruction. Incidents are mativ and miiiiit \)c cited where 
young otticers who received instritction in Pnbli(i Seliool ren- 
dered as valualjle service as those tatight in military academies. 
and the earliest available vohmteers were from those recrtiited 

Grand Army of the Republic 371 

from Public School graduates and raised by those who had their 
first lessons as boys disciplined by military training, I will 
just note one : An otficer vvlio fou:rht irallantlv at Santiajjo savs 
of Uobert Gordon Everett, who is now dead from fovor con- 
tracted there, and whom he ]>romoied to be Sergeant- Major for 
gallantry in battle — a lad just graduated .from Public School 
No. 80 in New York : ** Wherever 1 was in those exciting hours, 
he was there also, carrying out my orders and anticipating 
them. In all my experiences 1 have never seen a more nnmly 
man or a sublime exhibition of stalwart courajre shown under 
the most distressing conditions. He was a bov in vears, but in 
thought and character a man of men. In that vast concourse 
of men about Santiago there were none who made greater 
sacrifices or showed such superior heroism as this boy, whoso 
fidelity to dutv earned for him the title of the ' Rov Hero of 

9 ?y 


In attempting to fulfil the duty phiceil upon me by appoint- 
ment as Chief Aide in Charge of ^lilitary Instruction in Public 
Schools, I have not confined myself to the subject of training 
boys in the scliool of the soldier. 1 have considered it as great 
a privilege and duty to teach both sexes tlie meaning and power 
of the Flag, and have endeavored to cri'aie a fiTviMit reverence 
and proud regarii for ii and :ill that it stands for, aiid 1 iiavo 
unreniittinijlv nrired, in person and (liroiiijfh niv assistants, that 
flags should b(^ placed eviTvwheit' wliere clnhinMi congregate for 
instruction, and tliai pari of their edn<'aiion slionld i)e the his- 
torv of tlie Flair and all that is collateral llierelo. 

\ot enough can he said in praise of Posts, Women's IJelief 
Cor})s, and patriotic! societies which have encouraged a sjurii of 
love for tli(^ Flau" in so inanv places and in so nianv wavs, vet 
much reniuins to he done, tor many places remain nn(lisc(»venMl 
wliore the Flag wonid he a boon and a blessing, bringing nn- 
nieasured l)enelils to a conniry jxtpnlaled like on rs. F<pecially 
in th(^ larger cit ie< ar- man\ |)laces that should he xm-jiit after. 
reirardless of sex. iaitii, or nai lonalit v, w lieic tin- l-'lai: slionld 
be an object lesson : and I .-u-jLiest that no nohlei* oi-<jani/at ion 
can be formed than asxx-int i<»iis of the daughters of ('omra<lcs 
of Posts, wliose aim shall he the planting of Hags in orphan 

372 Thirty-third National Encampment 

asyhims, Suiidav-scliools, working girls' clubs, and ail kindred 
thereto, wliere the youtii of foreign ])arentage may learn of the 
Flag to which they owe so much. 

It lias been my privilege during the past year, aided by my 
Post and by friends whom I have solicited, to present many 
flags — not a single place brought to my notice has been over- 
looked — and 1 know of the beneGt to mankind which this sort 
of labor brings forth. No mission is loftier, grander, or holier 
than this — for it leads to truth and to the elevation of the chil- 
dren of God. 

For this, I earnestlv recommend that the title of this work 
of the Grand Arniv be chan<>ed to " Militarv Instruction and 
Patriotic Education in Schools," and call upon every Post in tlie 
land to form a s[>ecial committee whose aim shall be the placing 
of flags wherever they may encourage perfect manhood aiid un- 
compromising ])atriotism. 

It gives me much pleasure to report a universal growth in 
favor of Militarv Instruction in Schools, but I can onlv allude to 
a few instances in su])})ort()f this statement, in view of the grow- 
ing tendency of this i'e])()rt beyond the limit of space I should 
in consistenciy claim. 

At the National M l.taiT ("onvcntion held at Tampa, 
Florida, earlv in F(^bruarv, there was i)resent the Scliool-bov 
Cadet ('()r})s from Toronto. Canada, to give a j)racrical example 
of the s^ood results of militarv ti"ainiTi<i: for bovs, and (.'hancellor 
McCrack(Mi, of the Universitv of New York, delivered an able 
address in favor of the movement. 

In J^ngland there is a movement on fool to enroll 2()0,0()0 
lads, to be known as a second line of vohintc^ers, who will even- 
tuallv be (ronverted into a trained I'eserve. so that in time of 
grave emergency the (Jovernment will have at hand this force of 
growing youth (jualilied to enter the ranks of the regular army. 

The Haprist Boys' I^rigade numbers 18.000 throughout the 
country, and is a joint military, religions, and tern])ei'ance organ- 
ization, holding com])etitive drills and reviews, and I'cpresents 
all branches of arniv service except engineers and artilhirv. 

In connection with this suln'ect. I would call attention to mv 
circular on the (creation of a new National llolidav — June 14th 

Grand Army of the Republic 373 

— to be called *'FIa.2: I^ay/' jiikI I urge action by the National 
Encampment in relation thereto. Surely there are not too many 
Xational Holidays — wherein every State of the Union may be in 
accord in sentiment and esteem. It would be a jubilee day and 
thanksgiving day combined, and no more beautiful or inspiring 
scene can be imagined than the grand bursting forth with the 
rising snn, on the morning of June 14th, of unfurling flags which 
shall CTJver every hill-top and wave in every valley of our land 
and our islands of the sea, to tell magnificently of Liberty, Free- 
dom, and Humanity. 

In closing, 1 may be ])ni(loned for suggesting a remedy for 
the delay which annually occurs in getting the machinery set up 
and ready to move after the appointment of the Chief Aide in 
charge — between the time consumed in selecting Aides and the 
school vacation there is not much left for proli table work ; 
therefore, while 1 cannot but feel that an appointment for more 
tlian one year would be inconsistent with the customs prevailing 
in all official stations in the (i. A. K. , I earnestly recommend 
that, as far as possible, the Chief Aide should be selected from 
amon<^ the faithful who hav(^ served before, and who have learned 
so well by |)racti('e tiie neccssii v of eontinuous labor and the 
linishing of some uncompleted plan. 

From yourself and the Ad jutanl-dieneral I have received 
naught but courtesy, and from the I)c])arlnuMit Aides the most 
loyal support. It lias Ix'cn a year of nnhlemished enjoyinent, in 
meeting oidy smiling faces and ni-asping helpful hands. It has 
been a year of })rogi'ess fruitful in most places — and in some to 
a wonderful degree. Much is due, of ap})reciation and esteem, 
tit the Department Aides, who have worked in season and out of 
season, and have contrihnted liherallv and cheerfully of their 
own means to serve their coiinirv in liiis nobh^ wav. Without 
them mv etTorts would have been feehh' inch'ed, and I eomniend 
to mv successor a hand of niist'llish I; })i»r»'rs in the vinevard of 

ft • 


I have the iinn(tr t<» iir. >in('ei'elv and respect fnllv vt»ni's in 

F.. ('.. and L. , 


< 'hicf Ai(h' iff rintrnr of' Miiihti'fi I ttsf rmhtni ifi I^ultlic SdnKfls, 

374 Thirty-third National Encampment 

The following report was presented : 

Philadelphia, Pa., September 4, 1899. 

Thos. J. Stewart, Adjutant General. 

Comrade : 

Since this Association has been made the successor of the National 
Monument Committee, formerly established by the National Encampment, 
it is its duty to make annual reports to that body of the work it is doing. 

Since our report to the National Encampment at Cincinnati, the 
Association has been working earnestly and assiduously to arouse public 
interest in ihe great work of erecting in the National Capitol a monument 
to the soldiers, sailors and marines of the War of the Rebellion, which will 
be at once worthy of their resplendent character and services, and of the 
proud Nation which they saved. 

The Commander-in-Chief ot the Grand Army of the Republic published 
in General Orders the resolution of endorsement and commendation of the 
Association's plan adopted by the National Encampment at Cincinnati. 
Similar resolutions were passed by the National Encampment of the Union 
Veteran Legion, the Commander-in-Chief of the Sons of Veterans, the 
National Conventions of the Woman's Relief Corps and the Ladies of the 
G. A. R.. and other patriotic societies. 

The greatest publicity has been given these endorsements. In addition 
the Association has had many publi(^'itions in the prfss of the country, and 
is continuing to do whatever can be suggested to advfitise the plan widely 
and thoroughly, and develop popular interest in it. The Association has 
held regular stated meetings throughout the year, lor the consideration of 
business, and the formulation and j)romotion of i)lans, and tlie performance 
of any other thing that looked to^\ard the success of the grand enterprise. 

The work has been subdivided and svstemized so that it is hoped to 
reach and intluence contributions from all classes, sections and divisions of 
the people. Committees have been organized to this end, having charge of 
the following branches of the work : 

L Committee on Publicity. 

2. Committee on Finance. 

A. Committee on Legislation. 

4. Committee on Printing. 

5. Committee on the Grand Army of the Republic. 

6. Committee on the Union Veteran Legion. 

7. Committee on the Militarv Onler of the Loval Legion. 

8. Committee cm the Union Veteran's Union. 

9. Committee on the Woman's Relief Corps, Ladies of tlie G. A. R. 

and Legion of Loyal Women. 
10. Committee on the Sons of Veteran's, and Ladies Aid .Societies. 

Grand Army of the Republic 37c 

11. Committee on Prominent Citizens. 

12. Committee on the Public Schools. 

13. Committee on other Patriotic Societies. 

14. Committee on Woman's Auxiliaries, 

15. Committee on Miscellaneous Contributions. 

16. Committee on Naval Guard. 

17. Committee on Naval Vetemn's Association of the Unites! States. 

18. Committee on Naval Militia. 

19. Committee on the .Vrmy and Navy of the UnittMl States. 

The Association confidently hoi>es to collect much the greater jvirt of 
the money desired from sources outside of the Grand Army of the Kepublio 
and kindred societies. It cxi>ects that the main contributions from these 
societies will consist in active work in each community to develop strong pub- 
lie interest in the enterprise. While it is hoj^eil that each Post of the Grand 
Army, each Corps of the W. R. C, each Circle of the Ladies of the G. A. R., 
each Camp of the Sons of Veterans, and its Ladies Aid Soi-iety, will give a 
contribution in pro|K>rtioii to its means, they can do vastly more by im- 
pressing upon its community the higli imi>ortance of ertxMing in Washington 
a testimonial to the citizen sohlieryof America which will be a glory to tho 
country, from its artistic trinnipli and munilicent cast. 

The Association feels that tliis is a .meat National ohjeet, well worthy 
of the l)cst eftorts of tliesj' urj^ani/ations. It shoul«l l)e sueli an etlort ius was 
once made to seeure tor th«* Nation Wa.sliin^ton's home at Mt. N'ernon, in 
which every citizen of tlir Country \\a> made to feel that it was an lionor 
tit have part. 

The Assoeiatian tirmly hclievrs tliat if the (Jrand Army of the Repnldic 
will take up tlie work in thi-^ spirit. >etiinj4 its mark to have erected in 
Washingt<m to the nuinory of tlir men whosiotxl liehind the guns from 
1>*I)1 to IHGiS, tlie tinesi artisli<- creation ever erected, that it can he aeeom- 
plished in the course of a lew \«ai"< -or while there are vet tens of thonsaiuls 
of veterans ali\e to rejoice in its beauty and ma«:uilicence. Tiie all-im- 
portant thing IS to have the \eterans. their wives, widows, sons and daugh- 
ters thoroughly imbue. i uith the importance of the enterprise, jiml start to 
work arousing public '-entimeut in their several communities. 

There are j>robably *»(M»,(M)(i v( terans still alive, with as manv moio 
wives and willows. an<l million*-; of <oii>;. <laughters and other near relatives. 
They form a strong eb-ment in every community. All of them haxe a 
keen personal interest in such a >triUing. notabb' and enduring testimotiial 
to the virtues of Am<'ri<:in manhoo<l. 

This feeling can be greatly intensitied by the proposition to make the 
monnment a great artistic achievement which will ])e as mueli of a glory to 
the United States as the Pantheon to Greece. St. Peter's to Rome, or the 
Arc de Triomphe to Paris. 

376 Thirty-third National Encampment 

All this is easily possible with the meaos that the veterans can influence, 
if once aroused to earnest, concerted effort. A small contribution from 
every man, woman and child who honor the men who secured the preserva- 
tion of the Union, and appreciates their services and sacrifices, would give 
millions in the aggregate, and provide for the grandest memorial creation 
the world has seen since the Pvramids. 

So low an average as $10 each for the communities represented by the 
75,000 post-offices of the country, would give an aggregate of $750,000. It 
should be within easy possibility to get double that, bj' proper, patient and 
persistent work with the patriotic societies, churches, organizations and 
schools. All could and should be made emulous of creditable representation 
in such a noble work. Once thoroughly started the work will go on rapidly 
to magnificent success. 

The Committee on the Grand Army of the Republic has sent letters 
and circulars to all the Departments, and begun the work of a systematic 
canvass with a view of awakening general interest, inside and outside the 
order, and promoting contributions. 

The Committee on the Woman's Relief Corps, the Ladies of the G. A. R.. 
and kindred auxiliary societies, is doing the same. The indorsement of the 
plan by the Ladies of the G. A. R. was promptly given. That by the 
Woman's Relief Corps came later. It is sanguinely expected that great 
results will follow when the ladies become thoroughly imbued with the 
importance of the enterprise, and bring their splendid enthusiasm to its 

The Committee on Sons of Veterans have met with the most encourag- 
ing reception by that grand body ol young men, and have high hopes ot 
the result of their cordial co-operation. 

Equal encounigenKMit has been received by the Committee on the 
Union Veteran Legion and Union Veteran's Union. A recent general order 
by the Commander-in-Chief of the Union Veteran Legion calls attention to 
the project, and strongly commends it to the members of the order. 

The other committees are perfecting plans and making ready for cam- 
paigns in their special fields of labor. All of the (comrades engaged in this 
labor are working without fee or reward and giving their time and talents 
unstintedly. They are trying to achieve success for ji thing that all veter- 
ans, relatives and friends of veterans have deeply at heart. They ask the 
sympathy and co-operation of the National Encampment of the Grand 
Army of the Republic and through it of the public. 

Fraternally submitted, 

JOHN Mcelroy, 

Attest : First J'ice-Prrsidrnt. 


Recording Secretary. 

Grand Army of the Republic 377 

The following^report was presented and adopted : 

Philadelphia, September 7, 1999. 

Thos. J. Stewart, Adjutant-General O. A. B. 

Sir and Comradk : 

The committee having in charge the project for the erection, at the 
National Capitol, of a monument in honor of the Loyal Women of the War, 
respectfully report that by reason of the late war with Spain and the many 
new and important duties imposed uiton the Congress of the United States, 
your committee has deemed it inexpedient to urge action on the part of said 
body at its last session, but hope to be able to report satisfactory progress 
at the next Encampment. We recommend that the Commander-in-Chief 
be authorized to till the vacancy caused by the death of Comrade James A. 
Sexton, who was a member of this committee. 

ELL TORRANCE, of Minnesota. 
S. S. BURDETT, of Potomac. 

The Chaplain-in-Chief presented the following resolution 
which on motion was unanimously adopted by a rising vote. 

Resolved, That the cordial thanks of this National Encampment are 
hereby tendered to the people ot the State of Pennsylvania, its Governor 
and other State Officers ; to the Mayor and Municipal authorities of the 
City of Philadelphia ; to the Committee of Arrangements for this Encamp- 
ment ; and with our thanks our sincere appreciation of the magnificent 
reception and bounteous provision made h)r our entertainment during our 
sojourn in the City, and wo sliall bear away with us the most pleasant 
recollections of the fellowship of the Tliirty-third National Encampment, 
recollections that shall abide with us while we abide on earth. 

Comrade Wa<;nkr: I move that the Adjutant-General be 
requested to prej)are and print with the proceedings an appropriate 
page in memory of Comrade James A. St^xron, who died while 
Commander-in-Chief of tlie Grand Army of the Republic. 

The motion ])re vailed. 

Comrade Sterrett, of Missouri : The Thirty-second En- 
campment adopted the following preamble and resolution : 

Wherkas, Conira(i<'s Thotuas .J. Stewart, of the I)<'i»artment of Penn- 
sylvania, and Charles IJiniows, of the Department of New Jersey, having 
8erve<i during tlie past year without compensation, in the positions of Adju- 
tant-General and (^uarterniaster-CJeneral respectively, and thus saved to 
the treasury of the (hand Army ol the Kepublic what has heretofore cost 

378 Thirty-third National Encampment 

the organization $3,200, and by other acts of economy have increased onr 
funds to the amount of several hundreds of dollars. 

Resolved^ That the Thirty second National Encampment here assembled 
authorizes the Commander-in-Chief to appoint a committee of five comrades 
to purchase and present to Thomas J. Stewart, of the Department of Penn- 
sylvania, and Charles Burrows, of the Department of New Jersey, fitting 
testimonials in recognition of their unselfishness and patriotic services. 

In response thereto the following committee was appointed : 
W. H. Armstrong, of Indiana; Thomas W. Scott, of Illinois; P. 
B. Ayars, of Delaware; F. M. Sterrelt, of Missouri, and Jno. F. 
Lovett, of New Jersey, who have carefully selected a diamond ring 
and a diamond stud for each of the comrades mentioned. It 
Comrades Stewart and Burrows will step forward we will be glad 
to make the presentation in a very brief manner. 

The comrades came to the front of the stage as requested and 
Comrade Sterrett continued : 

Comrades Stewart and Burrows, this presentation marks an 
important epoch in the history of the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic, which we feel will always be memorable. To have deserved 
this, as you have, is greater, in our judgment, than to have fought 
and won great battles. We know that you will wear these rings 
and studs upon your hands and breasts that arc loyal and true to 
the flag and to your comrades. May they for all time to come be 
heirlooms in your respective families, and may they be handed 
down to the latest generation thereof. 

I have the pleasure of presenting to you, in the name of about 
350,000 of the boys, these tokens of their love and affection. 

Comrade Stewart: Commander-in-Chief and Comrades, we 
are just closing two days of hard work, and 1 know you are tired 
and anxious to get through, but were there wealth of time and 
wealth of language it would be all too small, 1 assure you, for me 
to express my gratitude and appreciation of this tribute paid to me 
by the National Encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic. 
We have heard ic stated several times during this Encampment, 
that this is the greatest organization on earth, the greatest that has 
ever existed, and the greatest that ever will exist. That we have 
accepted as true, and if that be true, then the greatest event of my 

Grand Army of the Republic 379 

life I assure you, is the one in which that great organization stopped 
for a moment in its deliberations to pay a tribute to roe. I appre- 
ciate that tribute more than anything else that can creep into my 
life, let it be crowded ever so full of tributes and events. It is 
events small and great, unimportant and important, that makes up 
the lives of men. 

I wish I could find the words to properly thank you. To serve 
an organization like this is a great honor, but how much greater 
the honor when that organization comes with its added honors and 
tributes. And be my years in the future many or few, I beg to say 
to you that I and mine shall be ever grateful for the high honor 
that was conferred upon me by the Thirty-third National Encamp" 
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic, and through all the 
years that shall be full of gratitude and love, I shall find my 
greatest pleasure in being your most humble servant. 

Comrade Burrows : Comrades of the committc e and of the 
National Encampment, the apostle has told us, in that great Book 
of Books, that out of the abundance of the heart the mouth 
speaketh ; but standing here ui.der these circumstances, I fnui it 
well nigh impossible to summon proper words with which to ex- 
press to you the feelings that fill my heart at this moment. When 
a year ago at Cincinnati I rendered you an account ot my steward- 
ship, you were ])leased to receive the same with such kindly ex- 
pressions of approval that 1 felt that I was amply rewarded for all 
that I had done ; but now you summon uie here and fill my cup 
full to overflowing, so that I am bankrupt oven in words with which 
to express my thanks. Hut, comrades, I do thank you most sin- 
cerely. For more than thirty years it lias been my pleasure to give 
of my time and means, whenever I could, to the Grand Army of 
the Republic and I can only pledge you that in the years to come, 
as in those that are past, any service that I can render to you will 
be most cheerfully given and with(Mit price. The value of this gift 
is enhanced an thousand fohl, coming from you and in this man- 
ner. The associations which will clusteraround it will far outweigh 
its intrinsic worth, and the brightness of these gems will ever re- 
mind me of the fire that shone from your eves in those brave old 
days of more than a generation ago, when you sighted your guns 
at the Nation's foes. Their purity will ever remind me of the kind 

380 Thirty-third National Encampment 

hearts from which I received them, and the thought of this day I 
shall ever carry with me in loving remembrance until the final 
muster-out. I thank you. 

The Commander-in-Chief : Is there any further business to 
come before the Encampment except the installation of officers ? 
There being none the Commander-in-Chief said : In returning to 
my place in the ranks I do so with my heart full .of gratitude to 
every member of the Grand Army of the Republic. I have no 
words to express to you the deep feelings and emotions of my 
heart. I desire to express to the members of the Encampment for 
their kind and generous forbearance, my warmest and deepest 
thanks. J have endeavored to be impartial. I have tried to treat 
every member of the Encampment fairly and justly, and I trust I 
have been in a satisfactory measure at least successful. Comrades, 
again I thank you. I shall as long as I live ever be with you and 
remain true to the Grand Army of the Republic. I will designate 
Comrade Wagner to take charge of the ceremonies of installation. 

The officers elect (except the Chaplain-in -Chief ) together 
with Comrade Thomas J. Stewart, of Pennsylvania, appoinled 
Adjutant-General, were then duly installed by Past Commander-in- 
Chief Louis Wagner. 

At the close of the installation ceremonies Comrade Wagner 
said : 

Comrades, the officers have been duly installed. While these 
men are able, while they are our unanimous choice, while it would 
be difficult to secure others who would do better than they will do, 
their work will be barren of results unless we co-operate with them. 
I congratulate them and you upon the era of good feeling and good 
fellowship that prevails throughout this organization. There does 
not appear to be a ripple of discontent or want of harmony deep 
enough to more than show upon the surface, and I do think that 
during the year 1899 and 1900, until we assemble at the city of 
Chicago next year, the work of our organization is in good hands, 
and let us go home promising to ourselves, our Posts, and our De- 
partments that we will do what we can to assist these comrades to 
make the administration of this year a success. 

Grand Army of the Republic 381 

Comrade Daniel Ross, Past Senior Vice-Commander- in- 
Chief : I think it proper at this time for me, as one of the retiring 
officers, simply to thank the National Encampment and the com- 
rades for the courtesies shown me during the past year. I thank 
you most heartily for all that you have done for me during the 
year past. 

The Commander-in-Chief : It remains for me to again re- 
turn my thanks for the honor you have bestowed upon me. At 
this late hour I will detain you but a moment. The present De- 
partment Commander of our State uttered the sentiment one year 
ago, ''Fraternity means something,** My policy so far as I shall 
have any, for the year, will be to emphasize that noble sentiment. 
I promise you that I will do the best I can along lines that I trust 
will inspire a larger and truer respect for the aged members of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and I can assure that we will have a 
busy year if I can carry out what I have in mind. And so now in 
returning thanks to the retiring Commander-in-Chief for the man- 
ner in which he has discharged his delicate duties, and congratu- 
lating him upon the brightness of that administration, I will say 
that I trust that at the close of my term it may be said from all the 
land that the flag of our Nation, raised in honor on any soil, shall 
not be lowered in dishonor. What is your further pleasure? 

Comrade Wacjner : As the installing officer, and to complete 
the woik, I move that the Commander-in-Chief be authorized at 
the first suitable opportunity lo permit the installation of the Chap- 
lain-in-Chief, who has rot been installed, and also the other officers 
as they aie appointed. 

The motion prevailed. 

A meeting of the Council of Administration was called for 
5 P. M. at the Headquarters in the Continental Hotel. 

The Encampment closed with prayer by the Chaplain-in-Chief, 
Comrade Lucas, as follows : 

And now Father, as we go out from this place may we go fully 
resolved that the great princi])les of our order shall dwell in our 
hearts in all our lives. Abide with us ; bless the incoming ad- 

382 Thirty-third National Encampment 

ministration ; may the Grand Army of the Republic, collectively 
and individually, be faithful and true, and O Father, may we never 
forget thai army of the martyred boys in blue that sleep, nor the 
widows and orphans of our comrades. Father, lead us while upon 
«arth, and at last permit us to come to Thee, and the glory shall 
be Thine forever, Amen. 


At 9.30 P. M., September 7th, 1899, ^^s. Flo Jamison 
Miller, retiring President Woman's Relief Corps, and Mrs. Isabelle 
T. Bagley, Treasurer Women's Relief Corps, called at Head- 
quarters Grand Army of theRepubiic, (temporarily established in 
Continental Hotel), Philadelphia, and presented to the Commander- 
in-Chief, Albert D. Shaw, a check for two thousand dollars, 
(j2,ooo) drawn to the order of the Quartermaster-General, G. A. R. 

Mrs. Miller, in presenting the check, spoke as follows : 

-CoMMANDEH-i::- Chief : 

We come to you to-night representing 50,000 loval true women, in the 
spirit of fraternity, charity and loyalty, to twine a leaf in the wreath of 
laurel and lay it at the feet ot the Grand Army of the k'epublic as a tribute 
to its worth and loyalty. One of our poets has said, " silently one by one 
in the infinite meadows of heaven, blossom the lovely stars, the forget-me- 
nots of the angels.'' We bring to you. not the stars for our forget-me-nots, 
but this tribute of our good will and esteem. It brings with it the confi- 
dence of our order in your integrity and honor, and a glad con.scioiisness of 
being able to do honor to whom honor is due. We come to you to-night, 
not with loving cup, jewels and precious metals, but with our boijuet of 

Grand Army of the Republic 383 

fUflocUhip more lasting than jewels and gems, far deeper than caps ot pre- 
'Cions metal. Friendship, which carries with it the tenderness of the 
myrtle, the parity of the lily and the fragrance of the rose. And when in 
<layB to come the flowers themselves shall have faded from onr hoqnet, may 
the memory of the good will which accompanies it, he to yoa a relic of joy, 
for " yoa may hreak, yon may shatter the vase if yoa will, hat the soent 
of the loses will hang round it still." Accept this offering as oar forgst- 
me nots, and vdth it the pledge of oar loyalty to the principles we both es- 
ponse, and with the hope that when npon the sunset slope of life's evening 
pathway, the Grand Army of the Republic will continue to turn to its 
auxiliary, the Woman's Relief Corps, until it reaches the vast and shorelesB 

** May God be with you untill we meet again." 

Commander-in-Chief, Albert D. Shaw, replied as follows : 

I am deeply touched by the noble words in which you have presented 
to the Grand Army of the Republic, the wreath of laurel, in the shape of 
ibis check for $2,000. It comes to us at a time when there are many calls 
being made npon the Treasury of the Grand Army of the Republic, and it 
can be need in the near future to the greatest possible advantage of the age* 
ing soldiers of the Nation. 

There is nothing so beautiful as charity, and when it comes from the 
beartsome loyalty and generosity of the Woman, s Relief Corps, it is deeply 
precious. The Grand Army realizes bow much it owes to the splendid 
women who constitute one of the greatest and noblest charitable organiza- 
tions in the whole world ; that of the Woman^s Relief Corps. It it true 
that friendship is one ot the most tender sentiments of our lives, and the 
comrades realize how niucli they owe to the spirit of beautiful charity, 
which your organization illustrntes in its unselfish and loyal labors. You 
assure us that ** when in days to come the llowers themselves shall have 
faded from our bo<|uet, may the memory of the good will which accompanies 
it, be to you a relic of joy," hut I wish to assure you that the recollection 
of your beautiful devotion to the })€8t interests of the (^rand Army of the 
Republic will never die out of our hearts, so long us any one member of 
onr organization lives, and when we are all gone, the lessons of loving kind- 
ness taught by the Woman's Relief Corps will live in the hearts and 
memories of generations to come, as the most inspiring element bequeathed 
from this great era Ut future generaticms. On behalf of onr patriotic Order 
I again thank you tor this act ol appreciative loyalty to our organization, 
and assure you that anything we <.'an do to add to the honor and gratifica- 
tion of the Woman's Reli<>f (.'or])s. in connection with the charitable work 
which you have so near your heart, will gladly be done, and, ** may God 
bless yon every one." 














H X 



Thirty-third National Encampment 

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Grand Army of the Republic 385 


General Obders^ Headquarters Grand Army of thr Republic, 

Office of the Commandbr-in-Chiep. 
No. 1. ) CincAGO, III., September 10, 1898. 

Having been chosen Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Re- 
pnblic by the Thirty-second National Encampment, which convened at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, September 8 and 9. 1898, and having been duly installed, 
I accept the position, cognizant of the great responsibilities sach acceptance 
entails upon me. I bring to the discharge of the manifold and important 
dnties devolving upon the office an earnest desire to advance the interests 
of oar great institution, to intensify its fraternities, t6 broaden its field of 
usefulness, and to labor to make it and keep it the great patriotic organiza- 
tion of onr. time. I bespeak the help of every comrade. None should be 
oootent to enjoy membership in our Order withont using both opportunity 
and effort to make the Grand Army of the Republic an association worthy 
the confidence and respect of all the people. To this end let our work be 
•arnest and our aims high. 


Comma ndcr-in-VMief. 

General Ordkhs) IIi:AiKirAiMi:i:s (;i:am) Akmv of the, 

No. 2. ) rillLADKM'lllA. Pa.. Oilolier 12, 18JJ8. 

I. At the Tlnrtysccoiul NatiotJal Krieaiuimiont of Gniiid Army of 
Republic, held at Cincinnati. Ohio, S('i)t(Mn])er>^th and J)th, 1h98, tlie follow- 
ing comrades wore elected to tli(? olliccs designated ])elow ; 

Com iikukU r- in-Chief, 
.Fames A. Sexton, Cliica«;o, Illinois. 

S(n ior I lee ( om m n n litr- in ( h it f, 
W. C Jolinson, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Junior Vive ( ommandtr-in-C/iirf, 
Daniel Kns.s, Wilmington, Delaware. 

Snr{/< i>n'(inirral 
Arthur L. Pierce, Maslinj^s, Xel)ra.ska. 

( '/i(iplain-in-Chift\ 

Daniel Luca.s, rudianai)oli.s, Indiana. 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

National Council of Administration^ 

Alabama M. D. Wickersham 

Arizona Samuel C. Recs . 

Arkansas George W, Clark 

California and Nevada . . A. T. Eggleston 
Colorado and Wyoming . . John C. Kennedy 

Connecticut John H. Thatcher 

Delaware W. H. Miller . 

Florida T. S. Wilmarth . 

Georgia and South Carolinajames P. Averill 

Idaho Alfred Eoff . . . 

Illinois Thomas W. Scott 

Indiana Wm. H. Armstrong 

Indian Territory S. B. Bradford . 

Iowa Thomas Bell . . 

Kansas . . P. H. Coney . . 

Kentucky P. W. Hager . . 

Louisiana and Mississippi . Richard Sheppard 

Maine Edward Riley 

Maryland Marian A. Brian 

Massachusetts W. W. Blackmar 

Michigan Samuel J. Lawrence 

Minnesota J. M. D. Craft . 

Missouri F. M. Sterrett 

Montana Charles Horn 

Nebraska H. W. George . 

New Hampshire B, Arthur BrOwn 

New Jersey Clayland Tilden 

New Mexico H. Crampion , . 

New York Thomas F. Reed 

North Dakota Harrison Allen . 

Ohio B. M. Moulton . 

Oklahoma W. H. Baker . . 

Oregon B. H. Bradshaw . 

Pennsylvania James F. Morrison 

Potomac Charles Matthews 

Rhode Island N. W. Viall . . 

South Dakota A. R. Anderson 

Tennessee Frank Seaman , 

Texas Henry Johnson . 

Utah Amasa S. Condor 

Vermont S. H. Wood . . 

Virginia and N. Carolina . A. B. Heistand . 
Washington and Alaska . . Joseph Dickinson 

West Virginia George K. Mallory 

Wisconsin H. J. Smith . . 



Little Rock. 

(Address St. Louis, Mo.) 





, Atlanta, Ga. 

Boise City. 



So. McAllister. 




New Orleans, La. 

Livermore Falls. 

Baltimore, Custom House. 

Boston, 72 Com' wealth Ave. 



St. Louis, 6900 Clayton Ave. 




Jersey City. 

Santa ¥t. 

New York, (Barge Office.) 



Ponce City, 


Philadelphia, (City Hall.) 

Washington, D. C, 

14 9th St., N. E. 

Hot Springs. 




St. All)ans. 

Norfolk, Va, 

Seattle, Wash. 



Grand Army of the Republic 387 

IL Tbe MIowiDg Staff appointments are hereby annoonoed * 

Aefjutunt' General, 
Tbomaa J. Stewart, Norrietown, Fa. 

Aeeielmmt Adiuiani-Oemerml, 
Hiram P. Thompson, Chicaffo, 111., Memorial HalL 

Fred. W. Spink, Chicago, 111., Memorial Hall. 

Inspector' Oeneral, 
Alonzo Williams, Providence, R. I. 

Judge Advocate-General, 
£11 Torrance, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Senior Aide^de-Camp and Ckitf'^f'Steff, 
R. H. Peters, Chicago. 111., Memoral Hall. 

They will he oheyed and respected accordingly. 

III. In accordance with the action of the Thirty-second National En- 
campment, September 8th and 9th, 1898, Headqoarters will be continued 
at Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Penna. All official oommnnication 
will be addressed to Thomas J. Stewart, Adjntant-G^eneral, Independence 
Hall, Philadelphia. 

lY. The office of the Commander-in-Chief will be in Memorial Hall, 
Chicago. Comrade Hiram P. Thompson, Assistant Adjutant-General, is 
dgned to dnty with the Commander-in-Chief. 

v. The Commander-in-Chief, the Adjutant- General, the Quartermaster- 
General and the following named comrades of the National Council of Ad- 
ministration, will constitute the Executive Committee of the National 
Council of Administration. 

Thomas W. Scolt Fairfield Illinois. 

\V. H. Armstrong Indianapolis Indiana. 

F. M. Stcrrcit St. Louis Missouri. 

M. D. Wickcnham Mobile Alabama. 

James F. Morrison Philadelphia Pennsylvania. 

Theo. F. Reed New York New York. 

H. J. Smith Racine Wisconsin. 

YI. Comrade Allan C. Bake well, of Lafayette Post, No. 140, Now York, 
(Address, 479 Filth Avenue, New York City) is hereby appointed Special 
Aide in charge of Military Instraction in Public Schools with the authority 
to recommend one comrade from each Department to the Commander-in- 
Chief for appointment as Assistants. The comrades so selected to have 
charge of this work in their respective Departments, and to report direct to 
Comrade Bakewell. 

388 Thirty-third National Encampment 

VII. Comrade Joseph H. Wood, of George H. Thomas Post, No. 5, 
Chicago. III., (Room 317 Monadnock Bailding] is hereby appointed Aide- 
de-Camp and placed in charge of transportation. 

VIII. At the Thirty-second National Encampment the following changes 
were made in the Rules and Regulations : 

Section 2, Article IV, Chapter III, is amended to read as follows : 

•* The officers of each Department shall l)e a Commander, a Senior Vice 
Commander, a Junior Vice Commander, an Assistant Adjutant-General, an 
Assistant Quartermaster-General, an Inspector, a Judge Advocate, a Chief Mus- 
tering Officer, a Medical Director, a Chaplain, and a Council of Administration, 
consisting of the above-named officers and five members by election. 

Provided, That any Department may\ at its option^ lonsolidate the office of 
the Assistant Adjutant-General and Assistant Quartermaster- General^ 

(Changes in italics.) 

By command of JAMES A. SEXTON, 

Comma nder-in" Ch ief, 

A djuimii- Genera I. 

General Oedeks 1 Headquakteks Grand Army of the Republic, 

[ Independence hall, 

No. 3. J PiiiLADELPiriA, December 1, 1898, 

I. The National countersign has been transmitted to the various De- 
partment Headquarters. Department C'ommanders are charged with the 
duty of transmitting it to Posts. It will go into eflect January 1, 1899. 

II. The Thirty-second National Encampment held at Cincinnati, Sep- 
tember 9th, 1898, directed that the text of the Bill known as Senate Bill 
No. 3256, (the Veterans preference in employment measure) '* be prom- 
ulgated in General Order, or circular, calling attention of all Department 
and Post Commanders and comrades generally, to this act of justice, already 
too long delayed, to the end that the co-operation of the House of Repre- 
sentatives oi the United States, may be secured, and its enactment into law 
assured at the session ol Congress to commence in December, 1898.'' 

The text of the bill is as follows : 

SENATE BILL No. 325(>. 

In Reference to the Civil Service and appointments thereunder. 

jBe it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States of America in Congress assembled^ That in every Executive Department 
of the United States Government, and in each and every branch thereof. 

Grand Army of the Republic 389 

whether reached by competitive or non-competitive examinations under the civil 
service laws (in which case the Rules and Regulations affecting the same shall 
so provide ), honorably discharged soldiers, sailors or marines, who served as 
such between April twelfth, eighteen hundred and sixty-one, and August twenty- 
sixth, eighteen hundred and lixty-Bve, shall be certified and preferred for 
appointment to and retention in employment in the public service, and for pro- 
motion therein ; age, loss of limb, or other physical impairment which does not 
in fact incapacitate, shall not disqualify them, provided they possess the business 
capacity necessary to discharge the duties of the position involved. And persons 
thus preferred shall not be removed from their positions except for good cause, 
upon charges and after a hearing. 

Sec. 2. That all laws or parts of laws inconsistent with the provisions of 
this Act are hereby repealed. 

This Bill passed the Senate, April 26th, 1898, is on the Calendar in the 
Hoase of Representatives, being favorably reported by the Committee on 
Reform in the Civil Service. Its passage of the House of Representatives 
and approval by the President is all that is needed to make this Bill a law. 
The desire of the National Encampment will be complied with ** if De- 
partment and Post Commanders and C(»mrades generally '^ will give this 
matter proper attention, and commanicate their views and wishes to Mem- 
bers of Congress from their respective Congressional Districts. 

III. The following comrades are hereby appf>inted on Committees and 
assigned to duty as follows : 

( \'mmitice on Pcnsi<ns. 

R. H. Hrown, Zaiiesviile, Ohio, Chairman. 
H. B. Case, Chattanooga, Tenn. J. W, Hurst, Sycamore, Til. 

John Palmer, All)any, N. \ . Charles Clark Adams, Boston, Mass. 

Comoiitfe'f on School Histories. 

A. (). M.irsh, Chairman, Winchester, Indiana. 
M. M. Dickinson, Warrensburgli, N. V. Thos. (i. Sample, Allegheny, Pa. 
W. M. Olin, Boston, Mas<. Rev. \). C. Milner, Chicago, 111. 

K. I). (iray, Madison, Wis. 

Committee on Frf,ic'ru'::bi{r\^ Battl-.- Field Xiitionai Park. 

Edgar Allan, Chairman, Richmond, Va. 
Leo. Rassieur, St. Louis, Mo. Mrnry K. Taintor. Hartford, Conn. 

Daniel R. Hallou, Providcncf, R. I. 1), A. (irosvenor. Washington, I). C. 

Albert E. Sholes, Atlanta, (ia. Peter I>. Avars, Wilmington Del. 

G/iint M.m.'fitii Committee, 

S. S. Piurdelt, Chairman. Washington, D. C. 
Robt. H. Beath, Phila«lel|)hia, Pa. Selden Connor, Portland, Me. 

Russell A. Alger, Washington, I). C. K. S. (iray, Middleport, Ohio. 

Horace S. Clark, Mattoon, 111. 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

Committee on Erection of a Monument to the Loyal Women of the War, 

Ell Torrance, Chairman, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Charles Townsend, Athens, Ohio. James A. Sexion, Chicago, 111. 

S. S. Burdctt, Washington, D. C. George A. Newman, Cedar Fall, Iowa. 

Ira M. Hedges, Haverstjaw, N. Y. Washington Gardner, Lansing, Mich. 

Committee on Reprinting Proceedings of National Encampment, 

Robert B. Beath, Chairman, Philadelphia, Pa. 
J. M. Vanderslice, Philadelphia, Pa. J. H. Holcomb, Philadelphia, Pa.' 

IV. The following appointments as Assistant Inspectors General are 

Department. Name. 

Alabama ........ Manoah Bostick . . . No. 


Arkansas A. S. Fowler . . . 

Cal. and Nev J. J. Lyon .... 

Colorado and Wyoming, . James M. Simms . 

Connecticut Thomas L. Norton 

Delaware William G. Baugh . 

Florida L. Y. Jenness . . . 

Georgia and S. Carolina . . W. R. Zammeri . . 

Idaho S. M. C. Reynolds. 

Illinois A. C. McMurtry . . 

Indiana R. S. Robertson . . 

Indian Territory C. W, Meade . . . 

Iowa W. A. Burnap . , 

Kansas . T. S. Siover . , . 

Kentucky Wm. H. Harton . . 

Louisiana and Mississippi . P. H. Boyle . . . 

Maine Silas Adams . . . 

Maryland A.M. Briscoe . . . 

Massachusetts Austin T. Sylvester 

Michigan ... .... Edgar Weeks . . 

Minnesota Henry A. Norton . 

Missouri John H. Frick . . 

Montana George T. Chambers 

Nebraska . . J. D. King . . . . 

New Hampshire H. G. Chase . . . 

New Jersey Robert Edgar. . , 

New Mexico . Valentine Herbert . 

New York ' . Lewis E. Griffith . 

North Dakota Adolph Bessie . . 

Ohio E. R. Montfort . . 



. No. 



. No. 


. Little Rock 



San Francisco, 
Veterans' Home, Cal 

. No. 

4 . 

Fort Collins, Col. 

. No. 


. Lakeville 

. No. 



. No. 

•i() . 

St. Petersburg 

. No. 


. Savannah, Ga. 

. No. 

i:^ . 


. No. 


. Chicago 

375 Superior St 

. No. 

271 . 

Fort Wayne 

. No. 

1 . 


. No. 


. Clear Lake 

. No. 


. lola 

. No. 



. No. 

I . 

New Orleans, La 

. No. 


. Waterville 

. No. 


. Baliimore 

. No. 

(J'J . 


. No. 


Mount Clemens 

. No. 



. No. 





. Livingston 

. No. 



. No. 



. Nashua 

. No. 


. Jersey City 

. No. 

• > 

. Santa Fe 



. Troy. t>})2 River St 

. No. 


. Wahpeton 

. No. 


. Cincinnati 


Grand Army of the Republic 


Department. Name. 

Oklahoma Benjamin F. Hegler 

Oregon M. L. Pratt .... 

Pennsylvania R. H. Holgate . . 

Potomac A. N. Thompson . 

Rhode Island Wm. E. Stone . . 

South Dakota W. L. Palmer . . . 

Tennessee Walton "W. French 

Texas E. J. Kilmer . . 

Ulah E. T. Hulaniski . 

Vermont Silas G. Collison 

Va. & N. Carolina .... Richard Bond . 

Wash. & Alaska W. J. Alexander 

W. Virginia .... . . Dixon R. King . 

Wisconsin Albert H. Hollister 

Post. Address. 

No. 13 . El Reno 
No. 12 . Portland 
No. 307 . Waverly 
No. 11 . Washington, D. C. 
War Department 
No. 10 . Providence 
No. 156 . Carthage 
No. 45 . Chattanooga 
No. 54 . Corpus Christie 
No. 3 . Ogden 
No. 106 . Lyndon Centre 
No. 1 . Phoebus, Va. 
No. 84 . Pt. Orchard, Wash. 
No. 32 . Topin's Grove 
No. 11 . Madison 

They will report by letter to the Inspector-General, Alonzo Williams, 
ProTidence, Rhode Island, for instractions. Commissions will not be issued 
nntil the comrades have reported for duty. In cases where comrades fail to 
report within thirty days from date of this order other appointments will be 

V. The following comrades are appointed Special Aides in charge of 
Military Instruction in Public Schools. 
A. D. Ayling . . Post 2 . . 

E. W. Tallock . . 
G. Lane Taneyhill 
S. Herbert Lancey. 
Charles S. Decring 
Josiah C. Long . . 
J. H. Goulding . 
J. L. Saxe . . . 
Ernest Long pre . . 




1 \ 

. Concord, New Hampshire 
. . . Salt Lake City, Utah 
. . . Baltimore, Maryland 
Maitland, Florida 
. . I'lankinton, So. Dakota 
. New York, N. Y. 
. . . Wilmington, Vermont 
. . , Waterbury, Connecticut 

. . . New Orleans. La. 

jij;> Palmyra Sireet 

They will report to Allan C. Hakewcll. P. (). Box (H.'), New York City, 
for instructions. 

VI. The following named comrades are hereby ai)pointed Aides de- 
Camp on the staff of the Commander-in Chief and assigned to dut}' in their 
respective Departments. The Senior Aide-de-Camp, R. If. Peters, .Me- 
morial Hall, Chicago, is charged with the duty of organizing the Aides-de- 
Camp and directing their work. The comrades apj>ointed will communicate 
at once with the Senior Aide-de-Camp signifying their acceptance and ad- 
vise him as to their prop(T Post ( )(Ticc addres-^. Commissions will not be 
issued to Aides-de-Camp, until tliey have reported to the Senior Aide for 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

Geo. C. Brown 
Charles Bassett 
W. W. Clapp . 


Post No ...... Citronville 

8 Decatur 

1 Birmingham 


t • 

AbnerD. Thomas . 
Hubbel Stone . . . 


Post No. 1 Little Rock 

2 Fort Smiih 


W. H. Bonsell Post No. 

J. H. Simpson 

( t 

H. J. Wallace . 
A. D. Hurd . . 
Truman Reeves 
C. G. Cargill . 

C. F. Derby 

1 1 

t ( 


1 1 

i t 

6 Los Angeles, Cal. 

38 St. Helena, Cal. 

P. O. 224 Sansome St., San Francisco 

42 San Jose, Cal. 

54 ... . Sacramento, Cal. 

57 San Bernandino, Cal. 

58 Hollister, 

P. O. San Juan, Cai 

6 ...... . Los Angeles, Cal. 


Thomas J. Foote Post No. 4 Denver, Col, 

John B. Blackburn " 93 Rocky Ford, Col. 

E. A. Slack *' 33 Cheyenne, Wyoming 

Benjamin K. Kimberly ... *' 99 Denver Col. 

1 1 


Post No. 17 New Haven 

78 New Hartford 

2 Hartford 

" 24 (jreenvvich 

50 Harlford 

3 Bridgeptirt 

80 Willin^lon 

75 Ansonia 


Casper Miller Post No. 3 Dover 

William B. Norton '• 23 Wilmington 

Vir|;il F. McNeal . 
J. Nelson Brown . , 
Hobart W. Deming 
Silas E. Mead . . . 
Edmund D. Riley , 
Samuel Thorpe . . 
Charles T. Preston . 
Charles French . . 


Charles R. Haskins . . Post No. 1 Atlanta, Ga. 

Joshua F. Ensor •' 7 Columbia, So. Car. 


Lorenzo Beal Post No. 23 Sweet 

J. N. Elder " 3 Salmon City 

Grand Army of the Republic. 


Thos. Barker 

Frank C. Bruner . . . 

Nicholas Steilen . . . . 

W. S. Frost 

Charles Diamond . . . 
George B. Woodward 

J. A. Hoover 

Robert B. Stinson . . . 
Goorge Howison . . . 
John E. Andrew , . . 
Geo. W. G. Estover . . 

A. A. Snyder 

William L. Smith . . 
John F. Turner . . . . 
Addison A. Adair . . . 
Charles Crawford . . . 
George E, Wilson . . . 

A. H. Wiant 

James G. Everest . . . 
Peter Wrighi . . . . . 
James Goodheart . . . 

Stephen J. Young . . . 

J. C. (iregg 

J. G. VanGilder . . . . 

A. P. Miller 

James K. Fee 

Samuel M. Comploii . . 

O. C. (lordon 

Charles W. Scott . . . 
J. N. McHride . . . . 
David F. Allen . . . . 
Aikman Carnahan . . . 
David Lostetter . . . . 

F. M. Oswalt 

Joseph M. Byers , . . 
Carey McPherson . . . 
Charles A. Clark . . . 
John W. Scoit . . . . 
H. T. Hensen . . . . 
John R. Simpson . , . 
Lewis B. Nelson . , . 


Post No. 445 Chicago 

873 No. Washtenaw Ave 

*' 5 Chicago 

6438 Peoria st' 
Post No. 701 . Chicago, 128, 24th Place. 
** 28 Chicago, 69 Dearborn st. 

50 . Chicago, 8;>7 W. Monroe st. 
615 . Oak Park. 
105 . Pontiac. 
** 558 . Anna. 

*• 91 . Chicago, 3151 S. Park ave. 

** 236 . Monticello. 

445 . Chicago, Post Oftice. 
1 . Rockford. 
28 . Chicago. 484 S. Marshfiefd ave. 
706 . Chicago, 103 State st. 
615 . Oak Park. 
" 5 Chicago, 76 Monroe St. 

668 . Morgan Park. 
" 513 . Wheaton. 
'* 706 . Chicago, 95 Adams st. 

25 , Watseka. 
'* 146 . Bloomington. 


Post No. 1 Terre Haute 

:2 Prazil 

:; Lafayette 

(I Wabash 

•' 11 Green Castie 

" 17 Indianapolis 

:;s Union City 

['* Lebanon 

r)-2 Waterloo 

•* (i.') Frankfort 

7'i Washington 

" .'^'i Aurora 

10*2 Kentland 

'2{Y2 Zionsville 

•' 2(M> Indianapolis 

27:{ Ladoga 

" '2*^1 Indianapolis 

:V.\[ French Lick 

:Ui{ Paoli 

:J61> Indianapolis 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

Victor M. Carr . . 
William H. Swope 
Nonnan Taylor . . 
L. S. Myer .... 
William A. Olmsted 
John E. Bickel . . 

Post No. 473 


Louis Lockcrt Post No. 11 

J. L. Thomas *' 5 

B. W. Jewell Post No. 190 

11. C. McCoy . 
Abnef Dunham 
C. A. Stanton . 
John D. Brown 
L. L. Wilson . 




G. W. Burge Post No. 1 . 

E. L. Snider 

J. S. McDowell 

T. S. Stover 

J. L. Daugherty 

N. D. Stark 

A. W. Ashcraft 

Thos. Barber . 

William Pancoasi 

A. J. Wood 

Samuel Raley 

J. R. Baird 

G. A. Welles 

J. W. Longfellow 

E. M. Brice 







Asterley Ajjpeiley Tost No. 

Chrisiopher C. Friske .... 

W. T. Morrow 

Dwight Hamilton 

Wm. Lewis 

28 . . 

:{2.s . . 




Chas. H. Shute Post No. 1 . . . . . 

C. F. Brown " 18 

Chas. Hoag '• 6 

Wm. Rodgers " 1:; 


Oakland City 

Notre Dame 
Terre Haute 







Centre Point 



Smith Centre 







Burr Oak 




Kansas City 

Blue Rapiils 


New Orleans, La. 
(-iretna, La. ^ Box 137. 
Jenninj^s, La. 
Algiers, La. 

Grand Army of the Republic 



J. Wcdcj Gilnuui Pott No. 97 . 

A. D. Rvuell 

J. B. WesoDtt 

Charles S. Oowell 

H. O. Ptefiy ....... 

Sunvel H« PiUslmnr .... 

James B. Neagle 

Iia C Jordon 


William J. Vannort. . 
M. Zimmennan 

Chas. L. Biarbnrg . . 

William H. Abbolt . 
W. L. CnMier .... 
William H.Cross . . 
D. C Earle .... 

Jacob Frey 

George W. Nason . . 

S. C. Frost 

Gustavus H. Gibbs 
Robert B. Henderson 
Beoj. F. Mayo . . . 
George W. Mirick . . 
John C. Metcalf . . . 

C. C. Peck 

Charles H. Pinkham . 
John H. Putnam . . 
Edward Preble . . . 
Albert F. Rich . . . 
George M. Rice . . . 
William Shaftoe . . . 
Franklin A. Snow . . 
Charles Thompson . . 
Davis C. Witherell . 


13 Angosta 

4 Bath 

7 Lewiston 

61 Port FairSeld 

99 Kittery 

i38 Lnbec 

84 Bethel 




Post No. 1 ..... . Chestertown 

3 Baltimore 

i4aB La&yctte Ave 

1 Baltimore 

431 S. Charles St. 


. Post No. 190 New Bedford 

" 209 WiUiamstown 

45 Gloucester 

5 Ljrnn 

5 Lynn 

60 Franklin 

36 Arlington 

11 Charleston 

2 Boston 

150 Montague 

10 Worcester 

5 . . . ; . . Lynn 

145 Atileboro 

10 . . .• . . . Worchestcr 

15!) East Boston 

2.'! East Koston 

11 Charleston 

25 ..... Ux bridge 
46 .... Fall River 

41 Wesifield 

75 Stone ham 

57 East Cambridge 



• < 
t ( 
t ( 
t t 
t i 
( I 
( ( 

( t 

t t 

t t 


Hugh Longstaff Post No. 11 J) 

W. H. Morris " 4 

Henry Hasenwikle .... " 8 

R. M, Mars " 128 

C. H. Taylor " 68 

. Minneapolis 
. Minneapolis 
. St. Paul 
. Duluth 
. Minneapolis 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

J. F. Perry . . , 
J. G. Graham . . . 
Lott Palmer . . . 
Edwin S. Chittenden 
Virgil H. Harris . 

Post No. 119 Minneapolis 

19 Mankato 

4 Minneapolis 

21 St. Paul First Nat. B*k 

35 Litchfield 





George Kretzinger . 
Norwell W. Taylor 
Louis Koop , . . 
James T. Birdscye . 
W. H. Houghawaut 
George D. Reynolds 
James Spence , . . 
E. F. Rodgers . 


Post No. 131 St. Louis 

131 St. Louis 

1 St. Louis 

26 Nevada 

190 Webb City 

304 St. Louis 

16 ... . . Carthage 
4 Kansas City 



< < 

« < 



t ( 


Lester S. Willson Post No. 10 Bozeman 

Frank P. Sterling * ' 3 Helena 


Post No. 17*2 Burchar 

86 O'Neil 

W. J. Halderman 
John S. Kerwing 
J. S. Grandstaff 
Brad. P. Cook 
R. S. Wilcox . 
George P. Dean 
P. H. Barry . 




( t 

79 Bladen 

214 Lincoln 

110 Omaha 

11 Grand Island 

267 Greeley Centre 


Henry E. Conant Post No. 2 Concord 

Edward H. Dixon 

Charles G. Hastings .... 
Henry Carroll 

Louis W^eyand Post No. .'>4 Newark 


1 1 

« t 

2 Concord 

94 Manchester 

42 Plymouth 

Everitt Gordon . . 
Fred. H. Lyons . . 
Charles B. Stephens 
Wm. M. Appleby . 
Lewis W. Hunt . . 
Geo. W. Coleman . 

t ( 

1 1 


t < 

< ( 

9 Elizabeth 

11 Newark 

7:J Plainfield 

79 South River 

4 Newark 

r>5 Patterson 


James H. Purdy Post No. 

Francis Buchanan 


Santa Fe 

Grand Army of the Republic 



NidiolM W. Dmy . . . 

. Post No. 


. New York City. 121 Waverly Place 

Albert C. Bond .... 



. Brooklyn, Halsey street 

David Isaacs 

• 4 


. Niagara Falls 

John Parks 



. Rochester 

E. G. Tnckerman . . . 



. New York, 434 Broadway 

Frederick Cossnm . . . 



. Auburn 

Parker G. Tymerson . . 



. Cohoes 

WUliam H. De'Nysc . 



. Brooklyn, 803 Putnam Ave 

William Finley . . . 



. New York Cily, 201 West 100 St. 

William Elmendorf . . 



. Hoboken, N. J. 

ZI07 Washington Street 

Louis L. Robbins . . . 



. Nyack 

J. E. Kenyon .... 



. New York City 

James B. Black . . . . 


. 24. 

. New York City.703 East 165th St. 

George Chappell . . . 


136 . 

. New York City, 3310 Third Ave. 

John Dixon 


69 . 

. New York City, 140 Water St. 

William W. Brodie . . 



. Brooklyn, Johnston Building 

John R. Nugent . . . . 



. New York City, (Mortoni House) 

Abram Goodanough . 



. Mount Vernon 

Robert B. Light . . . 



. Yonkers 

Cyrus E. Fitch . . . 



. Wolcott 

Fred H. Poiiiia . . . 



. New York City, 129 East 90th St. 

James Boardoian . . 


559 . 

. New.York Cily, 2 West 134th^St. 

James Douglass . . . 


409 . 

. Rochester 

E. W. Pipe 


89 . 

. Brooklyn, 741 Hirkimer St. 

Lewis Sherman . . 


271 . 

, Fulton 

Wm. T. Van TasseH . 



. Kingston 

John S. Routh . . . 


313 . 

. New York City 

Alexander D'Elon . . . 



. Brooklyn, 1188 St. Marks Place 

Hugh Stewart .... 


143 . 

. New York City, 2144 7th Ave. 

Benjamin F. Kempton 


590 . 

. Yonkers 

R. W. L'Hommedieu 


'286 . 

. Brooklyn 

G. J. Campbell . . . 


417 . 

. Nunda 


G. W. Harmon . . . 

. Post No. 10 


J. L. Richmond . . . 




Henry Perry 

Andrew J. Miller 
H. A. Kasson . . 
J.A.Floyd. . . 
Edward Turner . 


. . . Post No. 5 Norman 


. . Pott No. 340 Cincinnati 

12 . . . Akron 






Thirty-third National Encampment 

Wm. A. Fox . 
A. L. Harris . 
J. R. Johnston 
E. E. Nutt . . 
J. D. Emerson 
J. C. Kroescn . 

C. M. Hasslcr 
E. A. Jones . . 
A. A. Taylor . 
L. J. Cutter 
E, S. Wilson . 
H. K. Spooner 
\V. I. Squire . 
J. J. Clark . . 
E. Z. Hayes . 
W. R. Warnock 
Silas C. Parker 
Seth Weldy . 
John K. Duke 
Rufus Putnam 
A. M. Davis . 
John Pearce . 
J. Kent Hamilton 
L. W. Bailey . 
N. B. Tibbies . 
Samuel Jackson 
M. M. Murphy 

D. W. Hyland 
\V. E. Atwell . 
Price J. Jones 
John W. F'razee 

Geo. B. Ilartman 
G. E. Caukins . 

Post No. 

( ( 


















I > 






i • 


I < 

13 Cincinnati 

3 Eaton 

29 Youngstown 

62 Sidney 

441 Bellefontainc 

1 Columbus 

323 Dayton 

134 Massillon 

343 Cambridge 

178 Marietta 

165 Ironton 

135 Republic 

15 Toledo 

25 Canton 

596 Warsaw 

98 Urbana 

1:51 Mansfield 

140 Logan 

164 Portsmouth 

1()2 Chillicothe 

163 Findlay 

166 Sieubenville 

107 Toledo 

187 Cleveland 

12 Akron 

7 Jefferson 

21 Mt. Vernon 

49 Klyria 

81 Zanesville 

13 Cincinnati 

195 Cincinnati 


. Post No. 37 Portland 

1 Portland 

i t 

George L. Baker . . 

C. R. Beechling . . 

Charles M. Belts . . 

Lemon Buch . . . . 
Frederick S. Burrows 

Byron (). Camp . . . 

David Davis . . . . 

F. T. Davis . . . . 

C. C. Fawcett . . . . 


Post No. 591 Bryn Mawr 

67 Krie 

2 Philadelphia 

16 Reading 

259 Pitlshnrg 

453 Montrose 

378 Catasauqua 

141 Bradford 

181 McKeesport 


i t 

t i 

t i 

Grand Army of the Republic 





H. R. Fulton Post No. 

W. E. Hoffaian 

E. A. Irwin 

H. I. John 

James II. Levan 

H. P. Marlcy 

R. N. Martin 

Charles W. May 

Augustus W. Mennig . . . 

C. B. Metzf^er 

John W. Moore ...... 

Hugh Morrison 

P. Mullen 

George F. Peters 

Evan Russell 

L. D. Shearer 

A. B. Stevens 

Samuel C. Stevenson . . . 

J. Q. Stewart . 

William Stiles 

George Sykes 

Charles H. Vail 

Louis R. Williams 

W. H. Wise 

Samuel R. McDowell . . . 
Cieorge T. Poole 





( I 

84 Lancaster 

19 Philadelphia 

184 Curwensville 

9-2 Mount Carmel 

17 Minersville 

331 Meadville 

142 Renovo 

164 Beaver Falls 

87 Allentown 

97 Wilkesharre 

1 Philadelphia 

88 Allegheny 

51 Philadelphia 

128 Allegheny 

64 . • Williarasport 

11 Norrisiown 

139 Scranton 

209 Greensburg 

58 Harrisburg 

8 ...... . Philadelphia 

5 Philadelphia 

315 Wellsboro • 

151 Pittsburg 

167 Oil City 

149 Media 

" 91 Philadel|)hia 


Chas. F. Noske Post No. 1 Washington, DC., 213 K St., N.W. 

R. B. Schwickardi 

Chas. D. A. Locffler .... 

Ambrose Cook 

Geo. W. Hazer 

Wallace Brewer 

Geo. W. Lacy 

J. P. Quander 

Peter McGirr 

Israel W. Stone 

B. F. Janney 


James L. Sherman 
John H. Northup 

Danl. T. Hindman 
Robert Dollard . . 


1818 C; St., N.W. 


Kxccuiive Mansion. 


703 4 ih .St., N.W 


Senate P. (). 


r,9 II St.. N.W 


Ticasuiy Drpl. 


Kollojjg Buildinj;. 


'JHI 1 Diinbart(tnav. 


17 l:>ih St., S.K. 


1671 31st St., N.W. 


10 ... . 


Post No. 

11 Apponauj^ 


, Post No. l!>l Button 

77 C)livct, P. O., Scotland 

400 Thirty-third National Encampment 


W. J. DcGress Post No. 100 Apartado 870 

City of Mexico. 
J. J. Heuser ** 1 Nashville 

C. G. Miller " 75 Spring City 


John W. Aycrs Post No. 11 Dallas 

C. B. Grabe " 4 Fort Worth 

James M. Steer " 6 San Antonio 

E. B. Dwyer " 13 Terrell 


M. A. Breeden Post No. 7 Ogden 

E. H. Liscum '* 1 Salt Lake 


A. M. Downd Post No. 112 Bennington 

G. H. Wilcox ** 42 Bennington 

E. W. Nye " 16 Bradford; 

G. W. Bridgman ' 25 Hard wick 


Peter A. Morton Post No. 10 Richmond, Va. 

B. C. Bedell " 4 Walla Walla, Wash. 

F. S. Thorp '• ()9 South Bend, Wash. 

Thoms. II. Bradley .... '' 4>= Port Angeles, Wash^ 


W. C. Leonanl I'ost No. 14 Parkersburg 

N. C. Cochran " (J Fairmont 


R. A. Spink Post No. 241 Oshkosh 

H. E Coates '' 129 Neenah 

Ed. B. Armstrong ' 177 River Falls 

J. C. Brooker " 17 Racine 

E. E. Ensign '' 180 Weyauwega 

Nicolas Friedcrick . . . . *' 2 Milwaukee 

Earl M. Rogers " 3(j Viroqua 

J. P. Rundle •• 1 Milwaukee 

D. E. Jacobs •• 125 Mineral Point 

John O'Connell " 11 Madison 

W. H. Howieson '• 08 Chippewa Falls 

Miles Semple " 140 Ashland 

John M. Baer * 133 Appleton / 

Grand Army of the Republic 401 

Alfred S. Eaton To%i No. 170 West Sii|icrior 

£. O. Kioibrrlej ** 20 JanetvUte 

Henry C Noyes . 9 Baraboo 

L. M. Stevens JO Sparta 

George A. Ladington ... *' 48 NeilUville 

By command of JAMES A. SEXTON, 

( 'omiHfi mhi'' IN- CM iff, 

Adjuitint'Gem rat. 

General Orders | H£.\d<juartf;k8 Grand Army ok the Rki*u}u.k\ 


No. ^4. j ' Phiiadelimiia, February 3, 1899. 

I. At the meeting of the Execntive Ckimmit'.ee of the National Council 
of AdministratioD held in Philadelphia, Pa., December 15th, 1898, it waa 
decided to bold the Bessions of the Thirty -second National Encampment in 
that city during the week, September 4th to 9th, 1899, inclusive Detailed 
information will be given in future orders. The General Committee haa 
been organized with Past Commander-in-Chief Louis Wagner as Chairman 
and Past Commander-in-Chief Robert B. Beath as HctTetury. DcpartniiMi^, 
Posts and comrades desiring inforniation as to (|uartcrH, etc., will com- 
municate with Robert B. Beath, Secretary, S- W. ooriicr Fifth and ChcNtnut 
streets, Philadelphia. 

n. The Thirty-second National Encampnunit adopted reHolutions fiivor- 
ing the Bill pending in Congress, for the location of a l>ran<'li Koldiunt' 
Home at Hot Springs, South Dakota, " to Ih* e(}uippi>d ior and known ua 
the Sanitarium for the syHteni of Soldiers' and Sailors' HonieH througlioui 
the country," and direet<'d that a conimittee of wwu Imi appoint«Ml ** to 
wait upon Congress, and pre.s(>nt in pro]HT form an<l manner the intM'itN of 
the proposition. " In accordance with the action of the Kncampm«*nt tin; 
following nanieil comrades will constitute tlic Committee: If. E. Palmer, 
Omaha, Neb. ; E. P. Farr, Depaitment ('ommandei, Pierre. Koulii I>akola ; 
George Silsbee, Mitchell, South Dakota ; W. V. Lucas, Chamberlain, South 
Dakota; C. S. Palmer, Sioux FalN, Soutii Dakota : Jiichard K(H>t, Keokuk, 
Iowa, and William R. Manniui^. N<:wton. Iowa. 

III. The following named connadeH are ap{K)inted a Committfi; to jire- 
pare a brief service to be an addition Vt the preM4*nt burial Mrrviee, and to 
be naed at the home of tin- dec4-;LM'(i : Cliaplain-in Chief jAuiii-l Lueas, i'luit 
Commander-in-Chief Ivan X. Walker, 'l'h«'4idoie T. Brown, J'ost No. o, 
Chicago. They will >uhmit th'ir lejxnt tor tin- approval of the Commander- 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

IV. The Department ol Tennessee presented to the Thirty-second National 
Encampment, a Resolution providing for an amendment to the Rules and 
Regulations, rendering eligible to membership in the Grand Army of the 
Republic, *'all Union men in Tennessee, who were conscripted into the 
Rebel Army in 1862, and who, duiing that year, deserted from said army 
and enlisted in the U. S. Army, and were honorably discharged.*' The 
Committee on Rules and Regulations and Ritual, reported adversely **on 
this broad proposition restricted to a single State." The Encampment 
directed that ** this item of the report be referred to a committee of five to 
report at the next National Encampment." The following are appointed a 
■committee for the purpose indicated : J. B. Duble, Williamsport. Pa. ; A. 
J. Burbank, Chica<j:o, 111. ; Isaac F. Mack, Sandusky, Ohio ; H. B. Case, 
Chattanooga, Tenn. ; H. M. Nevius, Red Bank, N. J. 

V. The following comrades are appointed Special Aides in charge of 
Military Instruction in the Public Schools, and will report direct to Allen 
C. Bakewell, Special Aid in Charge (P. O. Box G85, New York City) for 
instru(;tions : — 

A. G. Crutchmer Post No. 105 .... Brinkley, Arkansas 

Harper M. Orahootl " 4 . . . . Denver Colorado 

Charles A. Clark, A. A. G. . . .... Boise, Idaho 

Lee Marshall *' 19 ... . Vinilia, Indian Territory 

Dgvid W. Thomas " 37 . . . . Elkhart, Indiana 

E. W. Cunnin|»ham . ... " rtr) . . . Emporia, Kansas 

C. A. Hall '* 11 ... . Lakola, N. Dakota 

V. C. Woodruff " I'M .... Si. Louis, Mo. 

J. Hayson Bradley " "2 . . . . Boston, Mass. 

E. V. W. Brokow " :);') . . . . LitchfieM, Minn. 

J. D. Jenks . . ..... " 2 . . . . Hutte, Montana 

Brad. P. Coak " '214 .. . . Lincoln, Neh. 

\V. W. Kendall . ... " 17 . . . . Moore, Oklahoma 

\V. H. Dellart .... Elizabeth, New Jersey 

V. (). Steele .... Newaik, 01\io 

Jas. M. Edgar '• 2. . . . Wasliington, D. C. 

331 Florida avenue 

A. ]. Steele .... Memphis, Tennessee 

F. H. Crago " 12 ... . Wheeling, W. Virginia 

Vr. Comrade Watson W. Eldridge, Witshin<;lon, D. C, is hereby ap- 
j>ointed Special Aid in charge of National Legislation on Military Instruc- 
tion in Public Schools. 

VII. Comrade K. H. Peters, Senior Aid dr-Canip, having resigned, and 
resignation accepted. Commde Wm. L. Smith, of Post No. 28, Department 
of Illinois, Aid-dc-Camp Staff of Commander in Chief, is lurol)y appointed 
Senior Aid-de-Caiup and will be obryed and res])ei'tt'(I accordingly. His 
address is No. 209 Great Northern Building, Chicago, 111. 

Grand Army of the Republic 403 

YUL The fidlowiDg appointments as Aides-de-Gamp on the Staff of 
the Oommander'in-Chief are hereby annoanced. They will report direet 
to Senior Aidde Camp William L. Smith, 909 Great Northern Bnilding. 
Chicago, niinois. Upon reporting as directed commiasions will be iasned. 


E. B. David Post No. 262 Aledo 

Robert R. Sampson '* 37 Chicago 

660 Rofera AveaiM 

P. C. Hayet " 6 JoHet 

Henry Cribben ** 615 0«k Park 

A. Alphonso ** 74 Washington 


J. S. Conlogne Post No. 69 Kendallville 

J. E. Stiller ** 74 Remington 

J. W. Paver ** 17 IndUoapolis 


Gilman L. Brackett Post No. 2 Portland 

Peak's IsUnd 

Augustus N. Sampson Post No. 113 Boston 

Ephriam B. Stillings <* 113 Boston 

Dwight O. Judd '* 71 Holyoke 

Chas. A. Patch " 4 Melrose 

A. J. Rosencrans Post No. 8 Kansas City 

Jas. S. Brackett Post No. 16 Lancaster 

Lawrence Slegel Post No. 3 Jersey City 


Chas. H. Schermerhorn .... Post No. 2*22 Olean 

Nicholas J. DeGraff " 33 Amsterdam 

Thomas Birchell " 397 Rochester 

Daniel C. Moynihan " 103 New York 


Myron S. Harding Post No. 195 Cincinnati 

T. D. McGillicuddy ** 12 Cincinnati 

32a W. Fourth Street 

Edwin Walton Post No. 63 Philadelphia 

404 Thirty-third National Encampment 


C. E. Boynton . ....... Post No. 86 Merrilan 

J. B. Miller * . . . . " 87 Alma Centre 

John Maitland " 4 Poysippi 

P. O. Berlin 
A. R. Parker '* 135 Wautoma 

James R. Canlerberry •' 38 I.aCrosse 

M. J. Rawson " 34 Whitewater 

John J. Rounds " 9 Baraboo 

W. H. Doty " 86 Merrilan 

Edward Hale " 145 . ... . . Med ford 

Henry H. Swell " 202 Dartford 

C. D. Poller '* 28 Kingston 

IX. The deaths of Comrade A. R. Anderson, member of the National 
Council of Administration from Department of South Dakota, and Comrade 
J. K. Mertz, Assistant Adjutaut-General, Department of Miunesota, are 

X. The Assistant Adjutant-General, Department of Connecticut, re- 
ports one Edgar A. Toms, formerly a member of Post No. 23, Stamford, 
Conn., as having misappropriated funds of the Post, and hence, unworthy, 
and believed to ))e imposing ui)on comrades. 

By coJvrMANi) of JAMES A. SEXTON, 

Com in a 71 iUr- in - Ch iff. 

A (Ijutant- Ocnrral. 

General Orders, ^ Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic, 

y Indei'FNdfn( F Hall, 

No. 5. J Philadklphia, February 6, 1899. 

I. The Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief announces with sadness the 
death of our beloved Commander-in-Chief, James A. Sexton, who died at 
the Garfield Memorial Hospital, Washington, I). C, on Sunday, February 
5th, 1899. When the summons came it found him at the ])ost of duty serv- 
ing as a member of the Commission appointed bv the President of the 
United States to investigate the conduct of tlie War with Spain. As a 
soldier, citizen and comrade he performed with conspicious fidelity every 
duty devolving upon him, and discharged with faithfulness every trust 
committed to his care. He was our lea<ler, and filled the highest stiition to 

Grand Army of the Republic 405 

which we conld call him, and worthily enjoyed the highest honor the Grand 
Army of the Republic could confer. No comrade or soldier was more 
thoroughly representative of the great comradeship of the War for the sup- 
pression of the Rebellioii. We honored ourselves when we honored him, 
and now that he has been called to the silent bivouac of the dead, let all 
comrades join in paying fitting tribute to his memory. 

II. Department and Post Headquarters and Charters will be draped and 
National, Department and Post colors placetl in mourning (two streamers 
of crape, seven feet long, twelve inches wide, attached to ferrule, below 
spear-head). National, Department and Post OfBcers will wear the badge 
of mourning for 60 days from date of his death. 

III. The interment will take place from his late residence in Chicago. 
Illinois. The Department Commander of the Department of Illinois is 
charged with the duty of furnishing proper funeral escort. 

By command of W. C. JOHNSON, 

Senior Jlce Commander in-Chief^ 

A djntn n f- (len era I. 

GF.NKRAI- OkDKK^ ) lIllM)^! \IMKK^ (iKANh A K M V Ol 'lilK Rl.rniUlC, 

1 NDI I'KM'l.NCK I I. A I.!., 

No. (). ) Piiii \i>i:i I'AiA, March 15, 1899. 

I. The family of our late < 'oinmaiKk'r-iD-Cliif f Jamrs A. Sexton (Icsire^i 
to ex})ress to tlie coinradcs «»rthe (iiand Army of the ivepublic their hoart- 
i'vli ihanks for th<' nianitohl and tender expressions of sympathy <'xtende(l 
in tlie hour of their alllietion. The sorrow of theii bereavement lias been 
relieved by many kindnesses ami afleclionate icnienihranees. The last sad 
rites were performed by the comrades of tjie Post to whieli (!omrade Sextou 
belon^red ; many othei> ])aid tiiiuiie by their j)resenee. With ceremony 
and tribut<» becomini: hi> liiirli station in life, he was laid to rest in tlie 
bosom of the city he loved and liad s(.Mved so well. 

II. The work and exprn-NC d<'vol\in^ npon the eoMiia<les of Soutliern 
Departments in pa.\in<ji i)rop.M trihute on Memorial Day to tiie memory of 
former comra<les in arms wlio ;ire Imried in the various National ('emeteries 
throughout tlie Southdand is too lini(l<'nNom(^ for them to Ijear unaided. 
The menibershij) of the ( irand Army <d the iv<')>ul)lie in the varicujs hjcali- 
ties is not large. The work. howe\er. must he done. Kacli grave, wher- 
ever rests a soldier of the Tnion. must leceive its trii>ute. It becMimes 
necessjiry, therefore, to re(jue>t contributions Irom Post.s and comrades to aid 

4o6 Thirty-third National Encampment 

in this work. Flags must be furnished and financial assistance given ^ 
Department Commanders in their respective Departments will call especia? 
attention to this matter and urge liberal contributions. Remittances may 
be made direct to Thomas J. Stewart, Adjutant-General, Fifth and Chest- 
nut streets, Philadelphia, who will acknowledge same to donor, make 
proper record and transmit amounts to Quartermaster-General. As hereto- 
fore, detailed reports of receipts and disbursements will be made by the 
Quartermaster-General to the National Encampment. Let the response be 
prompt and liberal. 

III. The following resolutions were adopted by the Thirty-second National 
Encampment, held at Cincinnati, Ohio, September 9, 1898, and aie pub- 
lished for the information of all concerned : 

Resolved^ By the Grand Army of the Republic, in National Encampment 
assembled, that we earnestly believe that the erection of a suitable monument in 
the National Capitol to the Soldiers, Sailors and Marines of the War of the 
Rebellion, is a high National duty, one that should strongly commend itself to 
the heart of every patriotic man or woman in the country, and a duty the per- 
formance of which should be entered upon at once and pushed forward with the 
greatest energy, that its execution may be in time to gratify the great number of 
veterans before they pass from earth. 

Resolved^ That we heartily approve of the plans of the National Reunion 
Monument Association of the District of Columbia, and we earnestly appeal to 
every veteran, wife, widow, son and daughter of a Veteran in the United States 
to give the project his or her strongest sympathy and support, and all assistance 
possible in the way of raising contributions. We urgently solicit the help of 
every patriotic man and woman in the whole country towards making the 
monument the grandest that the world has ever seen. 

IV, The Thirty-lirst National EntaTni)ment adopted the followieg reso- 
lution : 

RiSolzK'd^ That the Journals of the National Kncanipnient, with the General 
Orders for each year, shall be republislied, j)rovi(ie(l a suliicient number of 
subscribers can be had to defray the actual Ct)St, and for this purpose the 
Commander-in-Chief shall, in General ( Hders, state the purpose and invite sub- 
scriptions through the respective Deiiaitnients. 

The plan to be pursued shall be as follows : 

All debates shall be eliminaleil and the text conlined to the action of the 
National Encampment on all matters submitted. Lengthy communications not 
adopted shall not be printed in full, but a brief refeience shall be made thereto. 
Reports of officers and all committees shall be printed in full, except that the 
tabular statistics given in the Inspector-General's Kepoil shall lie omitted. The 
Roll of Officers and Members shall contain the name of Re})!csentalives present 
only, including Alternates who serve as Representatives. The Representatives 

Grand Army of the Republic 407 

as present shall be arranged by Departments in alphabetical order in running 
lines, and not in columns. 

The National Encampment shall subscribe for 500 copies, which shall be 
retained to meet future calls, and to be sold at cost. Public libraries through- 
out the country shall be notified of the project, and be given the option of sub- 
scribing on the same general terms. 

Proper annonncement was made in General Orders No. 5, Series 1898. 
Responses thereto were very meagre, which fact was rei>orted by the Adju- 
tant General to the National Encampment. The Encampment directed 
that further effort be made to procnre subscriptions and to make the pro- 
visions of the resolution effectual (see page 236. Proceedings Thirty-second 
National Encampment). Department and Post Commanders, within their 
respective Departments and localities, are urged to fully inform comrades 
and public libraries regarding the republication of the Journals and give 
them an opportunity to subscribe. Those wishing to subscribe will com- 
manicate with Thomas J. Stewart, Adjutant-General, S. W. corner Fifth 
and Chestnut Streets, Philadelphia, Pa. The subscriptions received by the 
Adjutant-General in 189S are on file at Headquarters. 

V. The following programme for the week of the Thirty- third National 
Encampment to be held in Philadelphia, Pa., September 4th to 9th, 1899, 
has been approved, and is published for the information of the comrades : 

Tuesday, September oth. — Parade of the (Jrand Army of the l^epublic. 
Keceptions and camp-fires in the evening. 

Wednesday, September (Jth, and Tluirsday, September 7th. — Business 
sessions of the National Encampnimt and other organizations. 

Thursday afternoon, September 7. -Parade of Naval [Associations, Ex- 
Priscmers of War and otlier Veteran Or^ranizations. 

Friday, September Hth. — Naval Day. with exenrsions on the Delaware for 
meml>ers of the National Kmanipnient, inembersof the National Convention 
of the Woman's Kelief Corps, Ladies of the (irand Army of the Kepublic, 
and other organizations holding Annual National C(Hiventions at that time. 

The Headquarters of the Local Comniittee have Immd established at S. \V. 
c»rner Fifth and C-hestnnt Streit^. Pliiladelphia. Pa>t Cominander-in-Chief 
Kobert B. Beath is Secretary of tlie Coinniittee. and all eoinnninications 
regarding quarter.-?, et<'., should be addressed to liini at the Headquarters ot 
the Committee. 

VI. The printed Proceedings of the Thirty-second National Kncampinent 
have been distributed to the varion< I)e])artinrnt Hea(i<|uarteis in sufiicient 
quantity to fiirnish one to each Post and oiu* to each nicniher of the Thirty- 
second National Encainpinent fioiu the respecti\c l)«']>artnu'nts, e\<-e]>t 
present and Past National OlVuM-rs. \vhi<h were distributed direct from this 
office. Department Coininanders are charged wiih the duty of <listril>uting 
the reports sent them. 

408 Thirty-third National Encampment 

VI 1. The following comrades are appointed Special Aides in Charge of 
Military Instruction in Public Schools : 

Frank Ellioit Myers .... San Francisco, Cal. 

Peter B. Ayars Wilmington, Del. 

S. A. Moore ....... Post No. 100 Bloomfield, Iowa. 

B. Read Wales ** 68 Boston, Mass. 

Vice J. Payson Bradley, resigned. 

Grover S. Warner •' 17 Detroit, Mich. 

John M. William ** 276 CaHfornia, Missouri 

Vice F. C. Woodruff, resigned. 

D. P. Thompson .... ** 1 Portland, Oregon 

A. S. Cole •• 24 .... New Whatcomb, 

Washington State 

They will report for duty by letter to Allan C. Bakewell, P. O. Box 685, 
New York City, N. Y. 

By command oP W. S. JOHNSON, 

iSvnior Mce (hmtnander- in- Chief. 

.1 djutnnt- funeral. 

General Orders) Head<21'Arters Grand Army of the Republic, 


No. 7. ) PiiiLADEM'inA, April 18, 1899. 

I. For the inlorinatioii of all c.onci'rned, the Ibllowiiiir resolution, adopted 
by the Executive (.'onimittee of the National Council of Administration, 
at a nieetiuj^ held at Headquarters, in Philadelpliia, Pa.. April 12, 1899, 
is published : 

Whereas, For the first time in the history of ihe (irand Army of the Re- 
public the Commander-in-Chief has died whde in office; ilierefoie be it 

Resolvfd^ That as a mark of respect to the memory of James A. Sexton, late 
Commander-in-Chief, the Senior Vice Comniander-in-Cliief sliall continue to 
perform -tlie duties of Commander-in-Chief, and tlie oifice of Commander-in- 
Chief shall remain without an incumbent until the mceiing of the Thirty-third 
National ICncampmenf. 

In this action of the Executive Coniinittc^c the Senior Vice Couimander- 
in-Chief cheerfully and earnestly concurs. liealizin;^ fully the responsi- 
bility imposed upon him, be pnunises to briujj: to the perfonuance of doty 
his best etVort and deepest devotion, relying ui)()u the loynlty and devotion 
of everv comrade to aid in the advancement and n^efiiluess of our Order. 

II. The olVice of the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief is located at Room 
321, Pike Building, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Grand Army of the Republic 409 

UI. The followiDg appointment on Staff of Gommander-in-Chief ia 
liereby luiDonnced : 

William B. Folger, Post^No. 139, Cincinnati, Ohio, to be Assistant Adja- 
tant*Geneial, vice H. P. Thompson, Assistant Adjntant-General, resigned. 
He will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 

Aaristaot Adjntant-General William B. Folger is assigned to special daty 
ivith the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief. 

IV. The Executive Committee at the ^meeting held April 12, 1809, 
adopted the following : 

Resolved^ That the Executive Committee of the National Council of Adminis* 
tioD, on behalf of themselves and the comradeship of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, most earnestly tender thanks to Comrade Arthur Hendricks, Depart* 
ment Commander of the Departi6ent of the Potomac, as well as the comrades of 
Chat Department, for the kind and sympathetic attention to our late beloved 
Commander-in-Chief during bis illness at Garfield Hospital, as well as the 
complete and appropriate arrangements, so tenderly and carefully executed, in 
conveying the remains from hospital to depot in Washington, D. C. 

V Department Inspectors are reminded that they are required by the 
Rules and Regulations (Chap. V, Art. V, Section 1) to lurnish a consolidated 
report to the Inspector-General within thirty day? after the completion of 
the inspection of their several Departments. Several Department Inspectors 
are delinquent and should forward report without delay. Department 
Commanders should give this matter attention, and ascertain if reports 
have been forwarded. 

VI. The following appointment as Assistant Inspector-General is an- 
announced : 

S. E. Kink Winfield, Kansas 

Vice T. S. Stover, resiKned. 

Comrade Fink will report by letter to the Inspector-General, Alonzo 
Williams, Providenc, UIkkIc Island, fur instructions. 

VII. The following comrades are a[>p(>intcd SiK.'Cial Aides in Charge of 
Military Instruction in rnblic Soliools : 

Charles H. Boyd Pu>t No. :i Portland, Maine 

William Clendenin WVX Moline, Illinois 

O. A. Reynol<i •* Covington, Kentucky 

They will reiwrt to Allan C. IJakewell, P. O. Ik)x G-^o, Xew York City, 
for instructions. 

VIII. In apjiointnicnts as Special Aides in Charge of Military Instruc* 
tioo in Public 8clior>Is, announced in (>(Mieral Orders Ko. 6. the name of 
•Grover S. Warner should be Gn>ver S. Warmer. 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

IX. The following appointments as Aides-de-camp on the Staff of tb» 
Ck>mmander-in-Chief are herehy announced. They will report direct by 
letter to Senior Aide-de-Camp William L. Smith, 209 Great Northera 
Bailding, Chicago, Illinois. Upon reporting as directed commissions will 
be issaed. 


T. J. Abbott . 

. Post No. 



< ( 

E. B. Soper Post No. 150 

Chas. E. Lane 

E. G. Stephens 

C. M. Brown 

Horace Pool 

D. B. Hamill 

Luman L. Cadwell 

A. B. Ecker 


*284 Sac City 

5 Burlington 


A. D. Collier 


... . Dubuque 
.... Keokuk 
. . . Decorah 

West Union 

( Burlington P. O.) 
!>*i Sioux City 





John G. Maynard Post No. 11 

(P. O. address Room 149, A. G. O. War Dcpl., Washington, I). C. ) 
Vice Lewis M. Zimmerman, elected Department Comnianckr, 


J. B. (Iriswold Post No. ."» 

J. H. Powell " 1(J 

S. S. Babcock •• 17 

Ebcr Rice 

J. K. P. McCullouj^h . 
H. M. Parker .... 
Wm. F. Hradley . 
James Greenfield . . . 
James I. Peck .... 
George W. Kuckinj^ham 
Thomas N. .Stevens . . 
Henry King .... 
William A. Richard . . 
M. D. Richardson . . 

L. N. Case 

John Kidder .... 
Robert Calhoun , . . 
R. P. Tutcn 






'»<' t 


. . Grand Ra])ids 
. . Evart 
. . Detroit 
(llaniniond Building)- 

. (Jrand Raj^ids 
. . lierrien Centre 

. lUis^field 
. . Adiian 

. Fliisliing 

. Hudson 
. . Flint 
. . Slanton 

, . ( )vVl)SSO 
. C )\VC)VSO 

. . Lake City 

. Deiroii 
. . Detroit 
. . Bav Cilv 
. . Iron Mountairs 

Grand Army of the Republic 


D. C. Spears Post No. 10 Azalia 

R. B. DaTis *• 10 Dundee 

Eugene Moffat 17 Detroit 


J. S. Benard Post No. 95 Pipestone 

L. W. Collins '* IM St. Cloud 

James Shaver ** ' r>l Alexandria 

Charles H. Robinson *• 1>3 Waierville 

James Ewart 

M. J. Sloan 
P. W. Jordon 
W. S. Merrill 

. Post. No. 96 


. Maysville 

Myron S. Harding 
J. W. Crumb . . 
Joseph Dunn . . . 
William J. Gleason 
R. B. Han . . . 
B. H. Millikan . . 
W. R. Thrall . . 
Joseph W. Hawkins 
Joseph L. Gaul . . 

C. S. Marks 


. Post No. :{6 Warren 

23 Dayton 

Km Ironlon 

. S. Wilson, resigned. 

. Post No. iJ'o Cincinnati 

20*2 Lima 

141 .... Cleveland 

1^7 Cleveland 

IdJJ Meilina 

J»2 Wash'glonC. H. 

U)\ Cincinnati 

2();> . ... Cincinnati 
♦;7 Cincinnati 


. . . Po-t No. -yn) 


. Fr.mklin 

Abram Hart I'nst No. 2 Wash't^tnn, D.C. 

\'ice Amhiose <*«>iik . IN).st Ni» 4. a;n» >iiitmtMit tcvuki «l. 

Lyman B. Cutler To^t No. 2 Wasirut<»n, D.C. 

:U2 12ih St.. N. W. 
A.F.Brooks Wash'gton. D.C. 

Heman W. Allen Po^i No. •.> r.iiilinj;ton 

Vict* (». \V I'll i<li4«-tii. ill I'ost .>s, laik'tl to irjioit . 

r.V (nMMAM> or W. C. JOllNSON, 
Stuior I l(< < 'omnutmhr-iii-f hift\ t\nntnnntiin(/. 

A(IJn((fii(-(,'i nrral. 

412 Thirty-third National Encampment 

General Orders'! Headquarters Graxd Army of the Republic, 

> Indepexdexce Hall, 

No. 8. J Philadelphia, April 20, 1899. 

CoMRADF-S : In accordance with the reqnirenienta and customs of onr 
Onler the Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief calls attention to the approach- 
ing Memorial Day, May 30th, 1899, confident that every comrade of the 
Grand Anny of the Kepuhlic will unite in paying our annual tribute of flag 
and flowers to the memory of men who, in the days gone by, fought for the 
unity of the Nation, the purity and truth of the flag, and who stood ready 
to yield up their lives to secure to us as a people the inestimable blessings 
of liberty. 

The year closing with tlie next Memorial Day has added new strength 
and iM)wer to the Nation and new glory to the flag. The worth and the 
fame of the American Soldier and Sailor has been gloriously advanced. 
The a(!hievements of the ** days of the sixties " still remain, and have ren- 
dered possible the glorious victories won in the interests of liberty and 
humanity. Let us. then, on Memorial Day, strew Spring's choicest flowers 
in t<'nderness and love upon tlje grave of every dt-fendcr of the Kepublic, and 
in song, story and fitting ceremony recall the services and unmatched 
sacrifice of those who, sleeping in the gardens of the sea or in the bosom of 
the Nation, their place of sei>ulclire unmarked and unknown, gave not only 
their lives but their very name for their country. 

Tlie men whose memory is perpetuated by the loving service of Memorial 
Day wen* part of the greatest eoinradtvslji[) the world lias ever known. Let 
US. who still survive, be so earnest in our tril)at<\ so ))ure in our affection, 
and so loving in mir renu'Mil)ranee of them, that th(^ lessons of patriotism 
which we teach shall fiiid a ]o(li:;nient in the hearts of all the people, bind- 
ing all together in devotion to tl;ig an<l e<mntry. 

• 11. It is enjoiiicd upon eNcrv i*o>t that, in accordance^ with a custom 
now tirmly estal)lishe(l. they att<'nd Divine Service on tin; Sunday pre- 
cediuir Memorial Dav. 


III. The Thirtieth National Kncanipment ])rovi(lc(l that the reading of 
President Lincoln's Achire^s at liettysburg be made a sjn'cial f<'ature in all 
!Memoiial Day Exercises conducted under the aus])ices of the (Jrand Army 
of the Kepublic. The address is ])ublishe(l herewith. Commanders of 
Posts will direct that it be read in conn«*ction with the e\<'rci<(?s of the day. 


Sniior ]'irc (\)mmamlri-'n\-('lii('f, Comm'nid'nuj. 


Grand Army of the Republic 41J 

President Lincoln's Address at Gettysburg XavnnlHr 19, 1863. 

Four score and seven years iigo our fathers bronght fortli on this conti- 
nent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition 
that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war ; 
testing whether that nation, or any other nation so conceived, and so dedi- 
cated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. 
We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting place for 
those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether 
fitting and proper that we should do this. 

But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate — we cannot consecrate — we 
cannot hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who 
struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our jwor power to add or de- 
tract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, 
but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, 
to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here 
have thus far so nobly iwlvanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated 
to the great task remaining before us, — that from these honored dead w«' 
take increased devotion Ui that cause for which they gave the last full 
mea.sure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dea<l Mhall not 
have die<l in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of 
freedom — and that government of the pt'ople. by the people, for the people, 
shall not perish from th<' earth. 


General Ori>kr.s ] Hkaixjiarikk-^ (Jrand Army (»k ihk Rhrmi-K", 

I Indki'km-knck Hail. 

No. J). j Pun ADKLrniA, June* 21, 1*^09. 

I. The following iiitonnation is imhlisluMl n'^arding rates of transi)ort;i- 
tion to the Thirty-third National Kncainpnicnt : 

Circular No. 1()*"8, of tiic ('i:n iiial Passi:ngi:u A.^sociatklv. 


(a) For tickets ^^ood j^oing and returning via the same direct roiile 
(except that the fare will noi appl\ \ia Pittsburg, Pmnna. Koad ami Wash- 
ington, but via Harrisl)urg direct) without privih'ge of stopping ov<'r at any 
point in either din'ction, two cents ])er mile jM-r capita, one way short Iin»* 
distance, with a minnnmni ol Sll.on ibr the round trip, except that from 
points contiguous to Trunk Pine western gateways the >>n.tM> minimum 
will be waive<l in all cases where; the current standard first-class limited 
one-way fare is less; tlu* tare in such cases to be computed on the basis of 
two cents per mile one-way >hort \'\uv. distanc<' added to the authorized one- 
way fare for the rouiul tri]) Irom the nearest Trunk Line gateway. 

414 Thirty-third National Encampment 

(b) For tickets going and returning via the same direct route, with 
privilege of one stop-over in Trunk Line Territory in each direction, in 
ftddition to the regularly authorized stop-overs on one-way tickets, one 
standard first-class fare per capita for the round trip. 

(c) For tickets going via one direct route and returning via another 
flirect route, with privilege of one stop-over in Trunk Line territory in each 
•direction in addition to the regularly authorized stop-overs on one-way 
tickets, one standard first-class limited fare plus $2.00. 


September Ist to 4th, inclusive. 

J,. To leave Philadelphia not later than September P2th. 


By depositing tickets with Joint Agent at Philadelphia between Sep- 
tember 5th and yth (both dates inclusive), and on payment of fee of 50 
■cents at the time of deposit, return limit may be extended to leave Phila- 
delphia on or before September 30th. 

For Trunk Line Territory [East of Pitishury) one fare for the round trip 
with the xiHual extension itrivileges. For Central Pass<n(/(rs AKSociation Terri- 
tory one cent per mile vithout stop-over privileges^ with stop-over privileges one 
fare for the round trip. Further concessions may he secured. The Transporta' 
tion Committee has this matter still under consideration and further announcement 
will be made in future orders. 

II. The attention of l^ost Coninianders is dirocteil to the necessity of 
forwarding promptly to the respective Department Headciujirters the semi- 
annual reports of Post Adjutants and (^uarteiniastcrs for the term ending 
June :mh 18})0. 

Reports from Department Headquarters must l>o forwarded to these 
lieiuhiuarters not later than August 1st, 181)9. Posts not reporting to De- 
l)artment Headquarters in time will be delinquent. Every Post can be 
reported by July loth if Post ollirers will but perform their duty. 

III. The roll of the Thirty-third National Encampment must be com- 
piled and printed. Retiring Department Coninianders are ehargcd with the 
duty of. fnrnishing these head(iuarters witli eredentials of meuibers of the 
Thirty-third National Encampment from tiieir respective Departments. 
Several Departmeuts are delin(iuent. Unless credentials are received at 
these Headquarters by August 10th, Departments delinquent in this respect 
will not appear in the printed roll of the Encampment. 

IV. The Rule^ and Regulations (Article XV, Chapter V, j provide that 
all alterations in, or amendments thereto, that have been approved and are 
presented by a Department Encampment, must be publisheii, and at least 

Grand Army of the Republic 41$ 

thirty days notice thereof given before the assembling of the National En* 
•campment. To comply with tliis provision of the Rules and Regulations, 
4blteration8 or amendments to be presented to the National Encampment 
most be certified to the Adjutant General not later than July 10th, 1^99. 
Immediate acknowledgement will be made of all re<Hiived. 


V. Announcement is again m:ulc that the Thirty-third National En- 
•campment will be held in Philadelphia, Pa., during the week September 
4th to 9th inclusive. 

The parade will be on Tuesilay, SeptomlKjr 5th. The sessions of the 
Encampment on We<lnesday and Thursday, September 6th and 7th. 

The Local Committee in charge of hotel accomodations, free quarters, 
camp fires, halls for reunions, etc, have communicated with every Post of 
the Grand Army of the Republic direct. I'osts, organizations, committees 
or comrades desiring to be advised on matters pertaining to the exercises o^ 
entertainment of the week .should communicate at earliest date with the 
Secretary' of the Local Committee, Kobkrt B. Heath, S. W. Cor. Fifth 
AND Chestnut, Stkekts, Philadklphta, Pa. 

The committee will be materially aided in their work, and disiippoint. 
ment avoided by comrades, by prompt action on the piirt of those who will 
re<iuire the services or the ailvioe of the ooniniitloe. 

VI. The resignation of P»eniamin F. Hegler, as Assistant Inspector- 
at-I^irge, Department of Oklaljonia. ha^ Wvu aix'opted. 

VII. The following appointment as .Vssistant Inspector-CJenenil is 
announced : 

Phillip B. how. Post No. 1>*2, i-^ Soutli Street, New York City, vice 
Ix)uis E. Grillith, PtKst No. :U. Tn>y, N. Y. deelined. lie will be obeyed 
and respected accordingly. Comrade Philip B. I^ow will report tor duty by 
letter to the Inspector-^ieneial .\lonzo Williams, Providence, R. I. 

VIII. The tollowin;i appointments ol Aides de-Camp upon the stalY 
of Commander-in-Chief are announecd : The comrades apiM>inted will at 
once report for duty hv leiter to 8<'nior Aide-de-Camp, VVm. L. Smith, 
lioom 3(H), (Jrcat Northern Hnildini:, (.'hieago. Comra<le?> rej>orting as 
directed will be certified to the Adjutant-Cieneral for commission. \o 
commission will be issued uuh-ss the ai)i»ointee reports for duty. 

Spfii(i(' .lid'e in L'iiir^f of Military Instruction. 
fames < >. L.kM, Sununerville, S. C. 

James A. Wilson Post No. - Pueblo 


Thirty-third National Encampment 


John E. Rainey Post No. 11 St. Augustine 

John F. Chase *• 26 St. Petersburg 


John II. Sherralt Post No. 1 . . 

181 . . 

Alexander Gibson . 
Charles B. Thomas 
H. G. Bates . . , 

( ( 

t i 

t < 




9432 Lowe ave., Chicago 

8423 Kerfoot ave., Chicago 


Henry C. McMaken Post No. 

David H. Miller 

Fremont E. Swift '' 

Henry M. Bronson 

John W. Woods 

David N. Huey 

George W. Weir 

James W. Milam 

t ( 

J. D. Fegan . . 
J. A. Spaulding 

. Post No. 


AO Fort Wayne 

127 Franklin 

209 Indianapolis 

369 Indianapolis 

539 Indianapolis 

165 Indianapolis 

281 Indianapolis 

70 Indianapolis 

68 Clinton 

29 Council Bluffs 


John Y. Miller Post No. 34 Mankalo 

J. F. lUirriss 


W. H. Smith . . 
J. M. Arthurs . . 
J. II. Biickman . 
A. K. MagofTin . 
J. M. Minnick 
Stephen Sampman 
Benj. B. Wilson. 
M. P. JoUey . . 
J. B. Cock . . . 
Wm. Flanders . 
Robt. Henilerson 
S. A. Robinson . 
George K. Waters 
Stanton Park . . 
A. H. xMcNair. . 
A. M. Crary . . 

( i 

I i 

( 1 


1 Topeka 

9 xMarysville 

17 ..... . Hutchinson 

19 ..... . Lyndon 

20 Lyons 

25 Wichita 

40 Baldwin 

57 Wellington 

03 Abilene 

118. . . . . . Chetopa 

127 Salina 

132 Junction City 

177 ..... . Logan 

321 Topeka 

X\{] Atchison 

•lOS Perth 

421 Ilerrington 

Philip L. Hiteshew 
George T. Leech . 
James F. Wesley 

Post No. 2 . . . Frederick 

3 . . . 1*^19 N. Broa«lway, Baltimore 
7 . . . 1004 S. Howard St., Baltimore 

( < 

I i 

Grand Army of the Republic 


T.H. Savage Poat No. 29 . . . R O. AddreM Wincheiter,Va. 

Ridnrd C. Cashing .... " 44 . • CarrolUon Hotel, Baltimore 

Joha G. Taylor '* 46 ... 11 W. Fayette St., Baltimore 


imillam C Litchfield Pott No. 112 Middleboio 

Peter Snyder " 79 North Adams 

J. F. HambleU *' 66 Mcdford 

Charles ICcDermott 26 Roxbury 

D. A. Morrison ... Post No. 44 Rochester 

George H. Sease 

Jacob Sands . . 

H.G. Ossig . . 

S. M. Sparklin . 

E. W. Greene . 

J. L. Nichols . . 

J. Morgan . . . 

H. Fairback . . 

W. H. Bartlett . 
J. C. J. Crandall . 
Henry H. Jnnes 
James R. Brightman 
N. P. Rockwood 
Robert M. Place. 
George Hollands. 
George C. Althusar 
J. G. Thompson . 
George P« Martin 
Cbas. A. Rubright 
Carroll WhiUker 
Richard Ker . . 
Martin Snyder 
Andrew Shaw . . 
John M. McCluskey 
Francis J. Werneck 
Albert J. Adams . 
Joseph P. Lord . 
Joseph Murphy . 
William j. Kent . 
Daniel F. Crowley 



. . Post No. 69 Springfield 

22 .... Kirksville 

13 St. Louis 

131 St. Louis 

53 Sedalia 

72 Trenton 

110 Kahoka 

107 St. Louis. 



• I 






No. 523 . 

. Silver Creek 



78 . . 

. Seneca Falls 

527 . . 

. Rockvillc. L. I. 


, Whitneys Point 

({•25 . 

. . Caledonia 

226 . 

. Hornellsville 


. . Port Jervis 

2m . 

. . Angola 

:U)6 . 

. . Plattsburg 


. Coriiinj; 


. . Saujjerties 




. . Kingston 

' 5 . 

. . Albany 

5()() . 

. . Richmond Hill, L. I. 

1!)2 . 

244 K. HOlh St., N. Y. City 

. . 3 K. r.JUh St. N. Y. City 

'MH . 

.1147 Broadway, N. Y. City 


. . 1845 Park ave.. N. Y. Cily 

42 . 

• . 168 E. 117ih St.. N. Y. City 

128 . 

. . 7 Attorney St., N. Y. City 


Thirty-third National Encampment 

Stephen G. Cook . . 


Post No 


William M. Abbott 




John Mulligan . 




Sam'l W. Swayzc . . 




William O'Brien . 



Walter Thorn . . . , 




Peter D. Myers . . 



Chas. G. Hall . . . . 




E. H. Dickey . . . . 



William Kemble . . 




R. S. Seckerson . . . 




Chas. H. Cotton . . . 



James H. McKenna , 

% t 


James A. Tappan . . 



N. Frank Blake . . . 




W. Lafayette Ames . 




111 W. 12thst.,N. Y. City 

349 W. 24th St., N. Y. City 

422 8th ave., N. Y. City 

P. O. Barge Office. N. Y. City 

39 Bergen st., Brooklyn 

26 Court St., Brooklyn 

351 Graham ave., Brooklyn 

943 Gates ave., Brooklyn 

365 Bedford av., Brooklyn 

38 St. Marks Place, Brooklyn 

124 S. Elliott Place, Brooklyn 

196 Greene ave., Brooklyn 

679 Tenth St., Brooklyn 

70 Rockaway ave., Brooklyn 

1121 Herkimer St., Brooklyn 



Geo. Wm. Schachleiter 
Leroy D. House . . 
George W. Temple . 

G. W. Early . 
Chas. A. Miller 

Post No. 165 Ironton 

" 228 Oxford 

487 Amelia 

P. O. Address, Lindale, O, 
" 451 Columbus 

76 Cincinnati 


Wm. li. Jones Post No. 51).") ...... Fottstown 

]. R. Cullingworth '' 25 Chester 

Thos. Sinex '' (il Mauch Chunk 

J. R. Cressinger " 335 Sunbury 

Josiah Linton '* 12 . . Philadelphia 


Georj;e B. Woodcock ....".. Post No. 17 N. Martinsville 

Peter Moeck '' 11 Parkersburg 

Joseph A. Arkle '• 53 Wheeling 

W. M. Glover •• G4 Terre Alta 

Ilenrv A. Heath Post No. 1 

3V5 Clyborii Street 

By command of W. C. JOHNSON, 

Senior I'ice Commamli r-in-Chicf, (^mmanding. 


Adjutant- General. 

Grand Army of the Republic 419 

General Orders'^ Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic, 

j. Independence Hall, 

No. 10. J Philadelphia, July 29, 1899. 

I. The Thirty-third National EDcampment, to be held in Philadelphia, 
Pa., daring the week of September 4 to 9, 1899, inclusive, will be among the 
largest that has ever assembled. Every effort is being put forth to arrange 
tor comfort and entertainment on a most elaborate scale. The Local Com- 
mittee are laboring judiciously and dilligeutly in the prosecution ot their 
work and the Commander-in-Chief is assured that every comrade and iriend 
of the Grand Army of the Republic that may visit Philadelphia during the 
Encampment will be hospitably welcomed. 

II. Headquarters will be established at the Continental Hotel, S. E. cor. 
of Ninth and Chestnut Streets, Philadelphia, Pa., on Monday. September 
4th, at 10 o'clock A. M. The National officers will report for duty at that 

III. The Executive Committee of the National Council of Administra- 
tion will meet at Headquarters Room, Continental Hotel, Monday, Septem- 
ber 4th, at 12 o'clock, noon. 

IV. The National Council of Administration will meet at Headquarters 
Room, Continental Hotel, on Monday, September 4th, 1899, at 4 o'clock, P. M. 

V. Aides-de-Camp on the staff of the Commander-in-Chief will report 
for duty not later than 6 o'clock P. M., Monday, September 4th, to Senior 
Aide-de-Camp Wm. L. Smith, wiio will be on duty at Headquarters. Conti- 
nental Hotel, from 10 o'clock A. M.. same date. Aides-de-Camp who have 
reported for duty in accordance with (ieneral Orders announcing their ap- 
pointment have been conininnicated with direct by the Senior Aide-de- 
Camp, regarding uniform and mount for parade. 

VI. The Thirty-third National Encampment will convene in business 
session promptly at 10 A. M.. Wednesday, September 6th, 1899, in the 
Orand Opera House, Inroad St. and Moutj^oniery Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

VII. The following named comrades will constitute the Committee on 
Creilentials : 

The Adjutant-General. 

R. M. Smock, Asst. Adj't (ien Department of Indiana. 

Jno. H. Thaclier, Asst. Adj't Cien. . . . Department ol Connecticut. 

C. M. Ha.ssler, Delej;ate Dejiartment olOhio. 

E. M. Clarke, Delegate Deiiartment (tf New York. 

VIII. The Cominitti'c on Credentials will l)e on duty at Hradquarters, 
Continental Hotel, from 1 I*. M. to fi p. M.. Monday. September 4th, and 
after 4 P. M. Tuesday, September .'>ih. l>epartnient Coninian<lers or their 
Assistant Adjutant-CJen^'ral will report to the (.'ommittee on ('rodentials at 
hours and place nan»ed, furnishing '.Tedmtials lor niembors of the National 
Encampment present from tlieir respective Departments. 

420 Thirty-third National Encampment 

IX. The parade of the Grand Army of the Republic will take place oi> 
Tuesday, September 5, 1899, and will move at 10 A . M. The President of 
the United States, accompanied by his Cabinet, will review the parade at 
Broad and Market Streets from reviewing stand at that point, and by the 
Commander-in-Chief from reviewing stand at Broad and Locust Streets. 

The Commander-in Chief and Staff will leave Continental Hotel at 9 
A. M., and proceed to the rij^ht of the line. 

The Local Committee, having with the approval of the Commander-in- 
Chief, designated James W. Latta, Chairman of Sub-committee on Parade, 
as Marshal of the Parade, authority is hereby given him to designate the 
place and hour of formation, character of formation in column, and point of 
dismissivl. Department Commanders and Posts will be communicated with 
direct by the Marshal and will conform to orders and instructions issued 
by him. 

X. No organizations but those of the Grand Army of the Republic will 
be permitted in line. 

Department Commanders will command their respective Departments 
and will be held accountable for the discipline and organization of their 
respective commands. Comra<les should be directed to appear in uniform 
and to strictly conform to all orders issued governing the parade. Working 
and efficient stalls should be organized in each Department and staff officers 
distributed through the column, and see that distances are maintained and 
that no features or displays of au unmilitary or iinpn)i)er character be per- 
mitted in the column. 

XL The Rules and Ivrgulations. Article XV, ('liapter V, provide that 
amendnuuits or alterations thereto shall have Ixh'U approved and presented 
by a Department En('ami)nient, and notice thereot" nivcn by the Adjutant- 
(ieneral at least thirty da\s belorc the assembling of the Xiitioaal Encamp- 

The following amendments have been projjerly certilied to the Adjutant- 
General and are j)ul»lislied lor the information of all concerned : 


Substitute for t^ection 3, Article V, Cliai)ter l.V : 

Vacancies occurring in the elcciive ofriccs. oiherlhan Cc niiDander-in-Chitf or 
Senior Vice Comaiander-iii-Cliief, shall be filled In- tlie Najionnl Council of 
Adminislration as follows: Die Comman(ier-in-Cliief sliall nolily the officers 
and members of the Council tiiat such vacancy exists, and at the end of thirty 
days furnish them the names of all comrades presented for said oflice, and the 
Council shall thereupon vote by mail in a sealed envelope, niaiked *' Ballot," 
addressed to the Adjutant-Cieneral, which ballots shall l)e opentd and counted 
on a date specified in said notice by the Commander-in-Chief in the presence of 

Grand Army of the Republic 421 

not less than three members of the Council of Administration and of such other 
officers as he may designate. The comrade receiving a majority of the votes 
cast shall be declared elected to the office designated. 

Substitute for Section 2. Article VI. Chapter IV ; 

The Vice Commanders-in-Chief shall assist the Commander-in-Chief, by coun- 
sel or otherwise, and in his absence or disability ihf^y shall discharge the duties 
of hi$ office according to seniority. 

In the event of the death of the Commander-in-Chief the Senior Vice Com- 
mander-in-Chief shiU at once succeed to the title and duties of the Commander- 
in-Chief, and the Junior Vice Commander in-Chief shall become Senior Vice 
Commander-in-Chief, in the event of the death of the Senior Vice Commander- 
in-Chief the Junior Vice Commander-in-Chief shall at once succeed to the title 
and duties of that office. 

A vacancy in the office of Junior Vice Commander in-Chief shall be filled by 
the National Council of Administration, as provided in Section 3, Article V, of 
this Chapter, 

These officers shall be installed by or under the the direction of the Com- 
mander of the D^pirtmeni of which the comrades promoted are members. 

By tmk Dki'Artmknf ok Pknnsyi vania. 
Substitute for Section '2, Article VI, Chapter IV: 

The Vice Commanders-in-Chief shnll, wlien called upon, assist the Com- 
mander-in-Chief by counsel ;ind otherwise, and in his absence or disability they 
shall discharge the duties of his office accordin*; to seniority. 

In the event of a vacancy in tiie otfice of Commander-in-Chief the Senior 
Vice Commander-in-Chief shall at once succt-e*! to tlie title and duties of the 
position and the Junior \'ice C )in'n m lei-:n-'.'lnef shall become Senior Vice 
Com'nander-in-Chief. In the event (»f a vacancy in the office of Senior Vice 
Commander-in-Chief, the I rii )r \ i.e ('>)inmanlcr-in-Chief shall at once succeed 
to the title and duties of ihai oiii c. 

A vacancy in the office of |uni'»r \ ictr <' shall be filled by 
ih- X itional C)uncil of A l:nll^^•.r iHdm, m-; provi k"l in Section :i. Article I\', of 
this Chapter. 

Substitute for Section ."I. Artich- \'. Chapter IV : 

Vacancies occurrin^^ in .my m' the i lectivc olfiC' -^ ol iIm; National Ki.(\Tnip- 
menl (other than as pro\i«it(l lOt in >< ctmn •.>. Aitit le \'I ■ shall he filltd by the 
National Council of Administraii<iii, m m.iiuu'r follow inij : 

The Commander-in-Cliiff >Ii:.l; < i:ly li'Hify all iiKii.l/ci-^ of the ("(juiciI that 
such vacancy exists, and, ihiiiy <!ay^ ihi-M-alii'i >liall advise them of the names 
of comrades presented for tile sime. Nlc'-ii-eis <il the ('<»uncil may vote to fill 
such vacancy in a sealed enveloiu', marked " Hnilm." enclosed in an envelope 
and forwarded direct to t'lc A(iiniant-( ieiieial. 

422 Thirty-third National Encampment 

These ballots shall be opened at a time specified by the Commander-in-Chief 
by tellers appointed by him, in the presence ot such officers of the National 
Encampment as the Commander-in-Chief may designate. The comrade re- 
ceiving the highest number of votes shall be declared duly elected to the office 

Add to Section 2, Article VI, Chapter III. 

In the event of a vacancy in the office of Department Commander the Senior 
Vice-Commander shall at once succeed to the title and duties of that office, and 
the Junior Vice-Commander shall succeed to the title and duties of the Senior 

The Council of Administration shall be convened by the Department Com- 
mander to elect a Junior Vice-Commander, vacancies in other elective offices 
shall be Blled as heretofore prescribed. 

Amend Section 1, Article II, Chapter IV. 


By inserting in the sixteenth (16) line, seven hundred and fifty (750) mem- 
bers, in the place of one thousand (1,000) members. 

Add to the Rules and Regulations in place of the present standing 
Resolution the following : 

"The National Council of Administration shall meet immediately after the 
adjournment of the Encampment, at which they are elected and shall elect by 
ballot four of their number who, with the Commander-in-Chief and Vice Com- 
mander-in-Chief shall be a committee to consider such details of Administration 
as may be referred to them by the Commander-in-Chief or which may have 
been referred by the National Kncampment to the Council, and by the Council 
referred to such committee, but no action afffcting ilie general interests of the 
Order shall be had until the whole subject shall have been submitted in writing 
to all members of the Council for their information and an ex}iression of opinion 

The actual expenses of such committee and of such otticcrs as the Command- 
er-in-Chief may deem necessary to attend meetings duly called by him shall be 
defrayed from the funds of the National Encampment upon vouchers duly 

The rule retjuiring a majority of all the votes cast to he qualified by the words 
'except where otherwise designated.' '' 

By thk I)KrAKTMi:NT OF \i:\v York. 

Amend Article IV, Chapter I, to read as follows : 

Soldiers and Sailors of the United States Army, Navy or Marine Corps, who 
served between April r2th, 18(»1 and August 'jr)ih, l^'(ir>, in the War for the 
Suppression of the Rebellion, and those having been honorably discharged after 
such service, and of such State Regiments as were called into active service and 

Grand Army of the Republic 423 

sabject to the orders of United States General Officers between the dates men* 
tioned, shall be eligible to membership in the Grand Army of the Republic. 
No person shall be elegible to membership who has at any time borne arms 
against the United States. 

By the Department of Tennessee. 

Res^hfed^ That hereafter the ribbon for the membership badge of the Grand 
Army of the Republic shall be one and one-half inches in length in the clear^ 
and one and one-fourth inches in width ; and that hereafter all swivels attached 
to the eagle and star be of proper width to receive this ribbon. The object 
being to make all swivels and ribbons of the same width. 

That hereafter the insignia of rank on the strap for the Official Staff of the 
G>mmander-in-Chief shall be designated by initial letters in Old English char- 
acters, as follows: Adjutant General, A. G.; Quartermaster-General, Q.M.G.; 
Judge Advocate General, J. A. G.; Inspector General, I. G.; Assistant Adjutant 
General, A. A. G. For the Official Staff of 'Department Commanders, as fol- 
lows : Assistant Adjutant General, A. A. G.; Assistant Quartermaster General, 
A. Q. M, G.; Inspector, I.; Judge Advocate, J. A.; Chief Mustering Officer, 
C. M, O. And that the letter C on the strap for the members of the Council of 
Administration be an old English character C. 

That the Council of Administration be authorized to have manufactured a 
lapel button to designate members of the National Encampment. This button 
to be made by attaching a rim of yellow metal underneath the official bronz^ 
button, this rim to project onc-twtlftli of an inch and to bear upon its front in 
raised letters the words '* Member National Kncampment." 

By iiik Dk['ak i.mknt of Vkkmoni". 
Amend Section ,'}, Article IV. Chapter V, by juhUnjx the loUowiii;; : 

*• And provided, further, thai the I'ost >ljall not be liable for the per capita 
tax of such member during such di^alnliues ; hut such per capita tax shall be 
remitted by the Stale and National I.ncampment." 

XII. The followinji is iiublished foi llu^ inf'orniation of all coneenied, 
inasmuch as the subject will be pie-eiited for the action of the Thirty- 
third National Encanii)nienl It wa^ jn-e.sented to tin* Thirty -second 
National Kncampment by the l>e|iarnu<'nt of New ^ork and reiM)rt«d 
adversely by the Coininittee on K'uies and K'ej^nlations ■ pa^e *X(\\\ of tho 

"Wherkas, Congress, alter a l«)ng j.criod of del.iy, has at last rightfully 
recognized the members of the I'niied States Militaiy Telegraj h Coij'^ who 
.•lervcd in the army during l)ie war c^l llie l\el)ellion a«> an integral pan ot the 
army, and by Act approved January 2<i, I8!'T, ti\ed its status as a corps of the 
United States Army ; and 

424 Thirty-third National Encampment 

** Whereas, The Grand Army of the Republic through its National Encamp- 
ment has declared that the said corps constituted in fact a part of the Union 
Army, partaking largely of its hardships and dangers, whilst rendering invaluable 
aid ; and 

'♦Whereas, The Members of the United States Military Telegraph Corps 
have made an appeal to the Grand Army of the Republic for admission into its 
ranks ; therefore be it 

^*^ Resolved^ That we hereby endorse that appeal and earnestly request the 
National Encampment to grant it." 

In 1889 the National Encampment at Milwaukee voted in favor of a reso- 
lution "that Congress should promptly recognize the status and service of 
said corps by appropriate legislation." 

On January 26, 1897, the President approved an act entitled "An Act for 
the Relief of Telegraph Operators who Served in the War of the Rebellion," 
reading as follows : 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States 
of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of War is hereby author- 
ized and directed to prepare a roll of all persons who served not less than ninety 
days in the operation of military telegraph lines during the late Civil War, and 
to issue to each, upon application, unless it appears that his service was not 
creditably performed, or to the representatives of those who are dead, suitable 
certificates of honorable service in the military telegraph corps of the Army of 
the United .States, stating llie service rt-iidert'd, the length of such service, and 
the dates, as near as may be, between which said sesvice was performed. Pro- 
7>ided^ That this law shall not l^e construed to entitle the person herein mentioned 
to any pay, pension, bounty or rij^hls not hi'rein specifically providtd for. 

XIII. The Connnuiidei-in-Cliiet" announces with re«ir<'t the deaths of 


TaM ('hnplaiii-in-Cliii'f, who die<l in his home at Knoxville, Tennessee, 
July 19, 1*^99. He was unanimously ehosen ('liai)lain-in ('hief by the 
T'wentieth National Kneampment. He enlisted .Tune 1. l^Hl, in Company 
K, Fourth Ohio Vol. Infantry; transferred June ri**. !>()!, t<> Company C, 
same re<;iment. dLseharj^ed March '2"). I'^ti.S.'iby reason of wounds received in 
the battle of Fiederiek.^burg. He was. at the lime of bis death, a member 
of I'ost No. ri. l)e]»aitmeiit of Tennessee. 


member of National Council ol" .Xdminjst laiioii from llie Department of 
Wc-t N'irginia. Died in Parkersbnrg. West Viitiinia, Julv Mtli. 1899. 

Grand Army of the Republic 


XIV. The Rear Admiral Commanding National Association Naval 
Veterans extends an invitation to all members of the Grand Army of the 


Republic who served in the Navy to jMirade with the Naval Veterans on 
Monday, September 4th, in Philadelphia, Pa. 

XV. The address of Daniel Lucas, Chaplain-In-Chief, has beeu changed 
from Indianapolis, Indiana, to Kockford, 111. 

XVI. The following api)ointments as Aides-de-Camp on the Staff of the 
Commander-in-Chief are announced. They will be olH»yed and respected 
accordingly. They will report at once in writing to the Senior Aide-de- 
Camp, William L. Smith, Room 209, (treat Noi*thern Building, Chicago, 


Clayton H. Case I'ost No. ">() Hartford 

Casper D. Wallace •• li . . . . . Hridgeport 

Morton Sanford *' 7S ' ' ' . . . New Hartfard 

John S. Lane " s Meriden 

S. F. B. Gillespie Post No. 7 Savannah 

James C. Irey Post No. 7(H) ('Incago 

James J. Healey 
R. H. Peters . . 
J. A. Montgomery 
James O'Donnell 
J. R. Filch . . . 
Robert F. WiUon 

J. W. Ileadington . 

George W. Smith . 
Matthew Wade . . 
William Harrington 
Warficld C-irpenter 

J. R. Stephenson 
George 1). Morcau 

<). P. Smith . . . . 

Henry Langc 
Henry Frein 

W. E. Evans 


7(u; . 

INDIANA. No. l.")l . . 


r<.N' N.. rj . . 
i:»i . . 
1-2S . . 

]•.' . . 

mhiik; \n 

r--t N... ;. . . 

MIS>«>1 \:\ 

• • .1 

7(H Cliicago 



SuinnitT Siiaile 
I .iiic.iMi-r 
I.i)ui<.\ illc 

firaiid l\.ipi»N 
( ■■)riiniia 

. M. I .miis 

M. Louis 
3"^i'» L.i<*l».»lf An ctiuc 

. Carl luMCliun 

426 Thirty-third National Encampment 

E. Boucher Post No; 118 Mt. Vcrnoi> 

J. Lloyd •' 26 Nevada 

Nelson Churcli " 124 Bethany 

E. D. Cornish *♦ 17 Cameron 

A. McCancUess *• 5 Moberly 

Peter Moser . Post No. 17H Marietta 

By command of W. C. JOHNSON", 

Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief, Commanding 

Adjutant General, 

Gexer^l OunKK-s, ^ HKAiKirvKTERs Grand Army of the Rei»i:iimc^ 

> Ixi)Ei»exi>eni:e Hall, 

No. 11. J Phi LADELPiri A, September 7, 181^. 

The death of Conimander-in Chief Jiuiies A. Soxtou placed upon the 
Senior Vi(!e Commander-in-Chief the duties and responsibilities of adminis- 
tering the affairs of the Grand Army of the Kepuldic during the term for 
which Comrade Sexton was chosen Commander-in-Chief. The Thirty third 
National Encampment of the Grand Army of tlie Repn])lic. upon aasemhling 
in Phihidelphia, September G, 18J)9. by unanimous aetion, elected Senior 
Vice Commander in Chief W. (\ Johnson ComnKuider-in Cliiof, and Junior 
Vice Commander in-Chief Daniel Ross, Senii)r Vice Commander-in-Chief, 
and decided that the ollice of Junior Vice Commander-in-Cliief should not 
be filled for the unexpired term. For the honor thus conferred upon me I 
desire to record my ai)])reciation and thankfulncis, and to assure the com- 
rades of the Grand Army of the Republic that the co-operation given to me 
as Senior Vice Commander-in-Chief and acting Commander-in-Chief enabled 
me to administer the affairs of our organization under very trying circum- 
stances, but I hope to their entire satisfaction. 

Comrade Albert 1). Shaw, of the Department of New York, having been 
chosen Commander-in-Chief of tluj Grand Army of the RepuVdic for the en- 
suing year, upon his installation my duties as Coniniaiuler-in-Chief will 
cease. To the comrades who have been ollicially associated with mo during 
the past year, all of whoui gave me th(?ir cordial support and confidence, 
my thanks are due and hereby tendered. 


( '(nninander-in Chief. 

Adjutant GenaraJ. 

Grand Army of the Republic 427 






ADAMS, JOHN G. B 314, 335 

ALLAN, EDGAR 239, 284, 335 












BAKEWELL, ALLAN C, Jieport of 34.')— 37;; 



BELL, JAMF:S I) 327 

BEATH, COL. ROBT. li. . 3.s;}. :r,r>. :j3>^, :?:j}), 310. :mi, :m2 

BINGHAM, B. F rilM. 3->«; 

BLACK. JOHN C 'J47. -jriO 


BBOWN, R. B 2:18. 'r>i,2»io, 2Hr>. 2s7, :m 

BRESNAHAX. JOIfN. Appi'alof M'l 

BURDETT, S. S. . 2\:\ 



BURGER, JOHN c. s :iOi. 30."). iiio. :ni 



CHAPLAIN-IN-CIIIKF 1.'), SfJ. :>7-2. '2!M). 2J)2, 293, 377. •>! 


428 Thirty-third National Encampment 



Credentials 16 

Surgeon-General 290 

Custodian of Kecords . . . 290 

Address S. V. Com mander-in- Chief . . . 291 

Report Special Aide in Charge of Military Instruction 251 

Pensions 251, 2«9, 311 

COLE, FRANK 2:^,233.244 


234, 23G, 305. 308, 301), 311, 315, 316, 334, :m 


CONEY, P. If 270, 284, 285 



CUTLER A. D :«7 



DOlXiE, JAMES S 278.287,314,315 

druckf:millek', J. H . 7!>, 243, 293, 320 

DUBLE. J. B 242 

DUNLAP, WM. J 320 


('<)nimander-iii-(!hii*f Johnson 231,234 

S. V. Connnander-in-ChierRoss 234 

Coniniander-in-C'liiorShaw .301 

S. Y. Comniander-in-Chiel Robbins 304 

J. V. CoiiiinaiidiT-in-Chicf Micluurl Minton 319 

Sur^(M>n-( General :J20 

Chaplain-in-Chirf 320 

National (.'ouncil of Adniinijstration ."WO 


EYANS. .JOHN E .2m) 


FK'AZKi:. JAMES S 282 

FAIiNSWOirni, CALYIN .926 

FONYLKR. A. S .318 


Grand Army of the Republic 429 







GOBIN.J. P. S 13,232,239,288.317 

GOLDSBOROUGH, EDWARD G. . . . - • 331 

GRAY, E. B 17 



GRIFFITH. L. E. 32^ 

GRIFFIN, M 329. 'Xi(^ 


HAGERTV. T. H 300, 320 

HAMMOND. J. W 318 


HOPKINSON, S. W., Api)eal of . . 342 



Newlv Elected OlYicers, Johnson and Uoss 234 

Oflicers 3H0 


JOHNSON, W. (' . . ir>, r>l, 2:M. 2:i<;, 23s, :1'M), 212, 247, 2H(>, 2^1, 2.<). 2>s, 

2H), 2!»), 292, :5()1, 302, 30.',, 3()8, 309, 311, 310, :;34, 3S(» 

Jri)GE ADVOCATKCiKXKIiAI 21."), 282. 30.S 

Jl'NIOK VICE C'OMM.\NI)i:iMN-CHli:r M). 233. 234 


KAY. JOSEPH W 231.290.313.311 

KAI(;HN. M. M 247 

KETCHAM, WILLIAM A 2:!», 272. 2-9 

KEIFER. J. W 3<';) 

LADIES OF TUKd. A. K :{i:. 

LANG, theodoim: F :i2:; 

LAN(iLEY. J. W 2I9 

LATCniLIN. PKTKK' V 2-9. 33i 


LINDT, JOHN 31.-. 

LOCATION THiirrv-rorirrn national kncami'MKNT . , 247 

LUCAS, DANIEL L* L"), f^O, 290, 2!J2, 293. .377, 3M 

430 Thirty-third National Encampment 



MARSH, A. 246 

McELKOY, JOHN 271, 341, 376 

MASON, J. K 283 


Mckinley. WM ii 












O'DONNELL, JAMES 277.279,311,314,315,330,338 


PALMER, H. E 240,272,290 

PALMER, JOHN 297,304 




ComniaiKliT-in-Cliiet 238 

Adjutant-iJeneral and Qnarterniaster-CjJeneral ',V7S 






RASSIEl-R, LEO 300, 301 


REA. JOHN P :37l), 2j=^2, 303,' 304 


Junior Vice Coniniander-in Chief 80 

Surgeon-Cieneral 83 

Cliaphiin-in-Chief 86 

Adjutant-Gineral °90 

Custodian of K'eoords 120 

(Quartermaster- General 122 — 147 

Inspector-General 148 — 214 

Grand Army of the Republic 431 


Jadge Advocate-General 215 — 231 

Chief Aide in Charge of Military Instruction in Public Schools . . 373 
Special Committee in Relation to Proi)08ed National Parks at and 
Near Fredericksburg, Va 334 


Credentials 17 

National Sanitarium . . 240 

Union Men in Tennessee 242 

Grant Statue 243 

School History, Patriotic Instruction, etc 244 

Pensions 251—269, 311 

Surgeon -General's Report 290 

<Justodian of Record's Report 290 

Address of the S. V. Commander-in-Chief 29i 

Burial Ritual 293 

Inspects r-GederaPs Report 317 

■Quartermaster-General's Report 318 

Adjutant- General's Report 322 

Resolutions 323 

Rules, Regulations and Ritual 336—342 

Chaplain-in-Chiel's Report 343 

Judge Advocate-General's Report 343 

Report of the Chief Aide in Charge of Military Instruction . . . 344 

Monument in Honor of the Loyal Women of the War 377 

Monument at National Capitol 374, 37G 



Return of Captured Confederate Flags 323 

Admission of S. of \'. to Meinhership in the G. A. li 32.'> 

Daughters ot Veterans as Auxiliary to the (J. A. R 32() 

Department HradcjuarUM.s 327 

Uniforms of OlVirers of Army, Navy and Marine Corps :i27 

Finances (»f the DilTerent (iiand Army FosLs :i'2^ 

Preservation of the National I'laj^ from Desecration :{2h 

Carriages for ]*ara(l<' 33(» 

Memorial to r.enj. F Stephenson, .\L D .'J.'U 

Desecration of Menioii;il Day :VM 

** Civil Service and Appointment TlHjreunder" ',i:\2 

F'unds for DetVavin^ I'xpens-. s of National Encampment :\:\:*, 

Centennial Annivtr>ary of the Deatli of Wasliingtou :5:j3 

Appointment of a ('n>t()tlion of Ft. Mary [VXl 

National Parks at (Jet ty<l)urL' and Vickshurir :y,]n 

Certain ('hang<'sin the I'.ad^c :M*2 

Military Telegraph ('or|)< :U2 

•Services of Thos. J. Stewait and ('has. Burrows ;n7 

432 Thirty -third National Encampment 



1I(>SE, DAXIEI SO. 233. 234, 290, 381 



KOYAL, ANDKKW A .279,280 


SAMru:, THOMAS iJ .>?o, >-9, 297, 313. 338, :?39 

SAMPSON. i:i:aij ADMIKAI 13 

SENIoi: Vin: Or>M MAN ni:iMN-(.H I KF, Address ot 15, W 

SHAW, AIJiKliT I> 3l>l,3tr2, 304. 381 

8H0LKS, A. E 325 


SICKLES DANIEL E 13.273,387.318 


SMITH. JOHN DAY 275.289 




.<rEWAi;T, THt»M AS .T. . . !»►. J:*.!*, ili, '2\C,. -rxf. -r.L •>•*}». 293. 314. 318 

AVJ, ;?20, 344, 378 



steki:i:tt f. m 377, :nft 

sri;oi:oN <;ene!:ai Ki 

swett. edwakd c. . 24^ 


TANNEK. .1 \MI> 270 

TOIMJANri:, ELL . . J». -JL"!, 2-2, 30S, ;J77 

Tia'Mr.ri.L li:v. hi:\l-v clw 6 


rNoFFiiiAL iM:ori:Ei»iNi;s . . . . . 3 

riiELL. M. r.MMi:TT 310 


VANDi:!>LH i:. JmMN M . 4, 249, »)3 


W.\LK!l: I\".\\ N -J.U . •2;:'-\ -J.^:;, 23J», 292, 302 

W\«;Nr.i:. iJ'l l> . . «J. -::;■,' •::;!.:.'::'. -J::!!. •.'.>. -j-.:. -Ji-O. 314.324, 326, 

:5--".'. :;..:. .^n. -.n. :;77. 38(», 381 
w.\km:i:. \v:lj.l\m . . . -Ji-j. •,•!•.;. ;:.■!. :;i.-,. :v^\\. mh 341, 343 
wiii.-oLiM'. A «... . '>-. ::-j;i. -'j'.. ;;•J(^ :vio, 3:il. 333 

WILLIAMS. .\i.M\/<» 14ft— 014 

WMKHAM. ( HAS. H . . .326 

WOLliEMLTH. J. i: 248 

WOMAN S LELIEF C"OL'PS 305.307,382 



«««. or moMg 
Jim 27 ««• 

irt^-fodrth National pncgropiDent 


, AUGUST 20TH AND aOTH. 1900 

TpWN WUNTmo LO,, lloo \ 





National Encampment 


Grand Army of the Republic 

August 29TH and 30TH, 1900 



Town I'rintin*; Company, 

lo'JO Arch Street. 







Thirty-fourth National Encampment 



AUGUST 1% J900, AT JO A. iWL 

The Hon. Carter H. Harrison, Mayor of the City of Chi- 
cago, was introduced and extended the welcome of the city in 
these terms : 

Commander-in-Chit'f ShaiK,' and Gentlemen of the Gt and Army of 
the Re pub lie : 

I esteem it a high ])rivilcge to be permitted on behalf of the 
City of Chicago, the metropolis of tlie great northwest, to extend 
its official greeting to the (rrand Army of the Republic, and in its 
name to welcome each and every member of your association to our 
hearths, our homes and our hearts. Chicago is at all times a hos- 
pitable city. Its latch string is ever hanging on the out^ide and all 
its visitors may count with absolute certainty upon receiving from 
the citizens that western welcome which s{)rings from the heart and 
feels itself amply repaid wlien made tlie recijjicnt of a warm hand- 
clasp from tliose wiiom it deliglits to bid wtMcome and to lienor. 
If Chicago's greeting to the stranger within its gates be always 
warm and spontaneous, what must it be when that gue.^t is the great 
organization of men whc; fur lour long years braved all the dangers 
of disease, wounds and death, who suffered from all the privations 
of the most savage of all conflicts, civil strife, and all from a jnire, 
unselfish devotion to the best interests of our common countrv ? 

4 Thirty-fourth National Encampment 

The people of Chicago regard the Grand Army of the Repubhc 
as the Hving embodiment of the vital principle of patriotism^ 
which, from i86i to 1865, never for a moment faltered in its 
determination that this union of States should remain one and 

The records of the world since the dawn of civilization are 
bright with the deeds of bravery and daring and countless acts of 
the most devoted patriotism, but nowhere in all history can we find 
a counterpart of the record of this Nation during the civil war when 
an almost countless army of patriots forsook their homes and fire- 
sides, trusted their loved ones to the mercy of God, that this gov- 
ernment of freemen, the first in all the world, might remain mighty 
and intact, and ever be a beacon light of civilization, of progress 
and of liberty. 

Wherever our people live we have the same traditions to teac h 
our children for the gratification of our own pride and for their 
instruction. We have a common past and a common future. For 
this condition the thanks of the Nation are due to the soldiers of 
the early sixties, who, with shot and shell, with drawn sabre and 
lowered bayonet, hurled back to defeat every attack upon the integ- 
rity of the Union. The people of Chicago, in common with all tie 
Nation, appreciative of your services, bid you a welcome so heariy 
and so warm, that if the thanks of a grateful community count for 
anything you may feel in some measure repaid for the trials, the 
dangers and the suflorings of the past. Chicago is yours, not only 
for to-day but for all days. 

The Commander-in-Chief, Albert D. Shaw, responded as 
follows : 

;I/<nv»/' Harrison^ LdJies and Gentlemen : 

The comrades ot the Grand Army are deeply touched by the 
splendor of Chicago's welcome and the wealth of her boundless 
hospitality. Your eloquent words find an echo in every heart 
before you, and overall this broad land they will charm and delight 
the ageing heroes of other times and other scenes, when war's horrid 
sacrifices filled the Nation with mourning. Sucii unexcelled evi- 
dences of the patriotism and appreciative gratitude of your citizens 
as we see on every hand on this grear occasion of our Thirty-fourth 
Annual Kncampment, touch us almost to tears, for it is '*bweet to- 

Grand Aniiv of the Republic ,s 

be remembered." It is especiaUy grAlifying tor our ivmri^Jos «x^ 
meet in the State home of that hero, soldier And stAtesmAiu the 
chief founder and three limes Commander-in-Chief of our l>r\lcr» 
our beloved and lamented John A. Logan. A few weeks A|J0 I 
stood on the old battlefield about Atlanta, and in viewing the |^no> 
rama of that desperate conflict an ex-con federate olliocr pointetl to 
the picture of Logan on horseback, flag in hand, lending the bril 
liant charge, and said : 

'* It was a grand sight, and nothing could rosint Kuch hrroir 
valor. I shall never forget the dauntless bravery of that thrilling 
battle scene." 

It is one of the wonders of our age how a city like this rontd 
have grown to such power and population within a narrow cirrU' ol 
a single life. The wife of Coiprade Lenon, of Iowa, u member of 
the Executive Committee of the Council of Administrnlion of thr 
Grand Army of the Republic, was the second white child born on 
the site of the present Chicago, and she is comparatively well and 
in the full enjoyment of her faculties. 

Your soil, Mr. Mayor, will forever be rich with the dear diiHt 
of the greatest and best ruler that ever graced and bh*Ht the world, 
that of the gentle, just, prudent, ww ,ind ctMnmanding in hiti 
uncommon common sense, the heir of ;ill tli'* .igrs of tnanhood'ti 
richest product — plain, simple, noble and lofry ftoulrd AbrafiMrii 
Lincoln — our martyr President and our greatest AmrrMan. Mk 
life is our imperishable American monument of the ^reafrcjt truUtry 
in the history of all ages. 

Department Commanrlcr Lonfjrn^-rk'-r, of )llinoi«;, in rx 
tending a welcome on b'.half of thr fir;ind Arrny of th'- k*- 
public, said : 
C^^mmmderin Chi^f in f ^ '-mriiJ^, 

I gr^et yo i -i . r*::,:':^^. .'^'. /*: rr.*::, o' ^r." of * * j^r^r.'I'*^* orj^^r, 
ilirioTS the wor : */•:' <'*:m^ ^-.K a. '** :».0'," r* ;/."• /-r.Mr.^ »r.* 
('sTZtA ArrCiV -r, . .' \ . ^r-: r*:','" yr. '*' /*■ rr.' :. of * :''Oo,' of 
vour Stares a. j^-: . ... %-*: :.',' \' / ' *' /.• o. a** ,- Af\ft^ 

have f*!;.ed :-.* .-"-. ;r— ; ^ < - '. " r.A/- .<•»-. ''/'//*r,-,or5t, 
Senarcn ar.d C-. *. i - ". :■ • ■. * -. T ' -. / * i / • .••^ • . . J ij ^ !*/•?; a r,/] 
do-iton. C'^".- - i : - V. ■*'* ' r ','. * ^ i .*-;■/. " / v . < .-* .« .-;?• * r t 

6 Thirty-fourth National Encampment 

Grand Army men have pushed themselves out into the far West and 
have built up towns and cities and opened up the land to agricul- 
ture until to-day the saying, Go west and grow up with the country, 
is resented by the stalwart Westerner because the country is full 
grown. Comrades, you have come to a Stale that has furnished 
to the Grand Army as true leaders as were ever elected to office. 
J call to mind General Palmer and General Stephen A. Hurlburt 
and that greatest volunteer general, John A. Logan ; I call to mind 
our old friend Lawler, who marched at the head of his Post yester- 
day, and Sexton, and while I do not intimate that they are greater 
than other comrades, the world never saw a better set of men than 
we have furnished vou for Commanders-in-Chief. You are here in 
a city destined to be the greatest in the Union, and in a State des- 
tined to be the the greatest one in the Union, with her four million 
people, shaking the very earth with her industrial tread, marching 
along the line to prosperity until it is almost beyond comprehension 
the strides that Illinois makes, and this Slate welcomes you and 
this city welcomes you. Go over to the City Hall and tell them 
that you own the town. We want yon to feel at home, ynd in 
behalf of the Dei)artment of Illinois, with its twcnty-foiir thouiiand 
comrades, I bid yon thrice welcome. 

Past Commander- in-Chief Louis \\\'ij^ncr responded as 
follows : 

Department Commaihier of Jliinois : 

In the name of the Comrades here assembled, and as the senior 
Past Commander- in-(^hief of the Grand Army of the Republic, I 
thank you m(;.^t cordially for this welcome to your Department. 

When the (iraiid Army of the Re|)iil)li(: gather^ within the 
limits of the irreat State of Illinois, the visit becomes a familv 
re-nnifui. We return to the old homestead, the birthjjlace of our 
organization, and we felicitate ourselves upon our marvelous growth 
and rejoi(e in the hearty reception acciorded ns. 

Nothing mars our anticipated enjoyment 1 lit the thought that 
the men to whose patriotism and foresight the Grand Army owes 
its existence, are not here to join in this grand gathering. They 
have been transferred from the army militant to the army triumph- 
ant, and we can only honor their memory, but if sj)irits ever re-visit 
this earth, theirs are with ns now. 

Grand Army of the Republic 7 

Dr. Stephenson, whose patriotic heart conceived and whose 
fertile brain devised the plan of our order ; General Hurlburt, our 
first Commander-in-Chief; the brave and brilliant John A. Logan, 
who for three years after our permanent organization had chief 
command ; Commander-in-Chief James A. Sexton, who but last 
year passed to the great beyond, and the living Lawler, all sons of 
Illinois, have made indelible impress upon the Grand Army. In 
accepting your invitation to hoUl our Thirty-fourth National En- 
campment with you, we honor ourselves, we express our love for 
the memories of the dead, and our res})ect for the living for their 
ever-continued devotion to the principles of our order. 

These annual encampments have brought us into most of the 
prominent cities of this great country, and we have met with the 
heartiest hospitality, but I am sure that our secDiul meeting in Chi- 
cago will show that nowliere in ail lliis land does the veteran of the 
war for the suppression of the Rebellion find a warmer welcome 
than here. Your people always welcome the coming anil speed the 
parting guest, but when that i;uest is one of the men who, in 
1 86 1-65, dared death for the llaic. we know that notliing you have 
is too good to otTer \\\\\\. We know that we arc wehouu- lierc, and 
we accept your tender of alTi'('liv)ii and ir^ard \o liie full measure, 
satisfied that tlicre is anij'K- and to >|Mre. 

We gatlRT, as wi- have donr on thiily-tluri" NJinilai oci asioi^s, 
not to fight our b.ittks over .iL'ain. except hi^uiatively. but to inter- 
change the greeliiiLis of an exalttd l^i<■nd^Iii[) and to eomisel as to 
the means best ad.ij'ted to iMnjiIi:is:/e the principkN npon wliieh the 
Grand Army of th; Republic i-^ foinided : l''iaterniiy with ea( h 
other, Charity to tlie needy \vm\ I, )yali\ to the (our.try. 

Since the war in w hit h we ton^hi, and in \s hich ^o man v oiheis 
died that the rount'y nii>;lit iiv<-, iinw .md fuievti, one .ind insep- 
arable, there hav<' I). -en oih-r war>, and otl-er^ mav antortnnatelv 
follow; but surely none ha\e been, or can be, to'i-lit loi- ;i niore 
righteous cause, and every Comrade lecls prond ol hi^ share in tliat 
conflict and in its l;1 )rion> nsnit^. 

And yet while of the |>a^t, we should not live in the past, nor 
for the past, but in the imme(liat<' living; present. L"t n> remember 
that not onlv are we b'jund to defend the Nation, to honor its 
Constitution and to obey the laws of the land, but that we aie also 
pledged to encourage lionor and puiity in public affairs. 

8 Thirty-fourth National Encampment 

A faithful adherence ;o the teachings of our Order will make 
the best Grand Army man the best citizen, and by daily putting 
into public and private practice these teachings, we shall extort 
even from our enemies the admission that we were not only ready 
to die, but that we also live for the principles that made us soldiers 
forty years ago. 

Applying, in the past tense, the words of Abraham Lincoln, in 
his second annual message: **We cannot escape history. We 
will be remembered in spite of ourselves. No personal significance 
nor insignificance can spare us. The fiery trials through which we 
pass will light us down in honor or dishonor to the latest genera- 
tion. The way is plain — a way which, if followed, the world will 
forever applaud and God must forever bless.*' 

Let the Grand Army of the Republic therefore be in the future, 
as it has been since its organization : For the dead a Tribute. For 
the living a Memory. For posterity an Emblem of Loyalty to the 
flag of our country. 

Comrade Longenecker, again I thank you, and through you 
our Comrades of the Department of Illinois, for this cordial 



Thirty-fourth National Encampment 


The Thirty-fourth Annual Encampment of the Grand 
Army of the Republic convened at Studebaker Hall, in Chi- 
cago, at ID o'clock A. M., August 29, 1900, and was opened in 
due form. 

The Chaplain-in-Chief, Rev Jacob L. Grimm, invoked the 
Divine blessing. 

The hall of the Encampment was in charge of the follow- 
ing named comrades : 

Officers of the Day : VV. H. Bean, Post 5, Chicago ; E. M. 
Edgerton, Post 444, Chicago. 

Officers of the Guard : G. W. G. Estover, Post 445, Chi- 
cago ; Z. P. Ilotchkiss, Post 615, Oak Park. 

Guard: E. H. Kimberley, Post 28, Chicago; W. II. 
Doherty, Post 28 ; Jacob M. Hoyt, Post 445 ; E. A. Stone, 
Post 147, Department of Indiana ; John M. F. Spitler, Post 
107, Department of Michigan ; V. J. Collins, Post 45, Spring- 
field, Ohio ; A. D. Edgewcrth, Post 28, Chicago. 

The Adjutant General called the roll of the officers of the 

lo Thirty-fourth National Encampment 

The report of the Committee on Credentials was presented 
by the Adjutant General, and on motion of Past Commander- 
in-Chief Walker, the report was adopted and the calling of the 
Roll of the members of the Encampment dispensed with. 

The report was as follows : 


CiiR'A(;o. III., August 20, 1900. 
To iJu', Comuuimler-m-Chief, Grand A nut/ of the Hr public : 

The CjraniLttce on Credentials be;:; leave to report that they have 
examined the RoU of the Thirty-fourth Encampment of the Grand Army 
of the Kepuhlic, to be held in Cliicago, on Anj^ust 2J)th and :5<Jth. 1900, as 
prepared by the Adjutant General, and find that it corrosponds with the 
regularly pre.s<?nted credentials and reports from the several Departments, 
and is correct. 

The Committee, therefore, respectfully recommend said Koll to be 
adopted as the l?oll of membership of this Thirty-fourth Kncam])ment. 

The whole number of members entitled to vote at ])re>ent is divided a» 
follows : 

National oflUcers 9 

Past National ollieers 48 

Council of A<lministrati<)n 45 

Kepresentatives 1,2.">0 

Total membership l.liVi 

Thomas J. Stkwaw i . 

A<lj"f'iiif ( •( iit'i'il. 
l»i("ii\iM» M Smock, Itnliana. 
.1 . H. Tii \« :i i:i:, Cinmecticnt. 
I'j.h'i ('»i:i?. Illinois. 

The Roll of the I'jicanipnicnt i^ as follows, those present 
beiiif^ marked with an asterisk ["']. 

Grand Army of the Republic ii 




'"^Commandcr-hi-Chitf AT.HlvRT I). SHAW, 

Watertown, N. V. 
"^Senior Vice Commamin'-iu-Chirf . IRVIN ROHBINS, 

Indianapolis, Ind. 
yiiJiior Vice Comniaudcr-in-Chitf . MICIIAKL MINTON, 

Louisville, Ky. 

'^Surgeon General WILLIAM II. HAKER, 

Lynn, Mass. 

"^Chaplain-iU'Chiej JACOli L. GRIMM, 

Baltimore, Md. 
"^ Adjutant i^nural . . . TIK )S. J. STl' WART, 

Norristown. Pa. 
'UJnartermasttr i.niD'ii . . I-DW. J. ATKINSON. 

New Vnrk City, N. V. 
'-^Inspector Geutjal . .M.J. Cl'MMINC^S, 

I5nM)klyn, N. V. 

^udge Adi' Cni.nj: . . I-.LL T( )KK ANCI- , 

Miinuap«)li>, Minn. 

NATION.XL CnrxciL ( »I' .\I »MI NISTR.XTK )N. 

--Alab.vma M. I). Wit-krislMin . Mol)ilf 

Arizona '.'li.irli.-^ I). H-.Min . ri.«iiiix 

Arkansas \\-w\ S. v^niith . . . Little Rock 

C.\LlFOkNiA Cv N:.\ '•.'.'. v ^\ A. Woodiult . . ( lovernor's 

l>land, N. V. 
-•'Colorado «S: Wnom I N(, .J. I>. Cooke .... Denver 
^CoNNKCTicrr I). W. vSharp . . Guilford 


Thirty-fourth National Encampment 

*Dklaware Winfield Scott Byron Wilmington 

*Florida T. S. Wilmarth 

^Georgia J. A. Commerford 

Idaho R. Pickering . . 

*Illinois Thomas W. Scott 

♦Indiana \Vm. H. Armstrong 

Indian Territory . . R. M. J. Sbriver 

*IowA P. H. Lenon . . 

^Kansas P. H. Coney . . 

*Kentucky C. A. Bliss . . 

*LouisiANA& Mississippi Clayton Simms . 
*Mainr E. A. Butler . . 

Maryland Marian A. Brian 

^Massachusetts . . . . E. T, Harvell . 

*MiCHiGAN Aaron T. Bliss . 

*MiNNESOTA Loren W. Collins 

*MissouRi Frank M. Sterrett 

Montana H. S. Howell 

*Nebraska Andrew Traynor 

New Hampshire . . . A. D. Emery . . . 

(vice John Drown, deceased.) 

*New Jersey James A. Morrisse . Paterson 

New Mexico Leverett Clarke 

*New York John Conway . . 

North Dakota .... George E. Winship 

*Ohio B. M. Moulton . . 

*Oklahoma John T. Baldwin . 

Oregon Orvil Dodge . . . 

(vice A. J. Goodbrod, resigned) D. C. 

Pennsylvania .... William F. Stewart . Philadelphia 
*Potoniac Lorenzo Vanderhoef Wash'ton, D. C. 







Gnthrie Centre 



New Orleans 





St. Cloud 

St. Louis 






Grand Forks 




Rhode Island . . . Ne!son V^iall . . . 
*SouTH Dakota . . . . E. W. Foster . . 

^Tennessee George W. Patten 

*Texas ... ... John L. Tygard . 

Utah F. M. Bishop . . 

■*Vermont John W. Currier . 

Virginia &N. CAROLiNAjames E. Fuller 

Salt Lake City 
North Troy 
Norfolk, Va. 

Grand Army of the Republic 15 

♦Washington & Alaska. Harry A. Bigelow . Seattle, Wash. 
*Wkst Virginia .... W. C. Leonard . . Parkersburg 

* Wisconsin A. H. DeGroff . . . Nelson 



Thomas W. Scott Fairfield, Illinois 

William H. Armstrong Indianapolis, Indiana 

F. M. Sterrett St. Louis, Missouri, 

M. D. Wickersham Mobile, Alabama 

P. H. Coney Topeka, Kansas 

Aaron T. Bliss Saginaw, Michigan 

P. H. Lenon Guthrie Centre, Iowa 



tB. F. Stephenson, ( Provisional ) [died Aug. 30, 187 1] 1866 
"iS. A. Hurlburt, Illinois [died March 27, 18S2] . . 1866 7 
tjohn A. Logan, Illinois [died Dec. 26, 1886J . . . i868-(;-7o 
T Ambrose K.Hurnside, Rhode Island [died vSep. 18, 'Si] 187 1-2 
rCharles Devens, Massachusetts [died Jan. 7, 1891] 1873-4 
tJohn F. Ilartranft, IVnnsylvania [died Oct 17,1889] 1875-6 

* John C. Robinson, New York [died Feb. 18, 1897 J 1877-S 
tWilliam Earnshaw, Ohio [tlied Jnly 17, 1885] . . 1879 

*Louis Wagner, Philadelphia, Pa 1880 

tGeorge S. Merrill, Mass. [died Feb. 17, 1900] . . 1881 

*Paul Van I)er \'()()rt. Omaha, Nebraska 1882 

♦Robert B. Heath, IMiiladel])hia, Pa 18S3 

*John S. Kountz, Toledo, Ohio iss.| 

*S. S. Burdett, Washington, D. C 1885 

tLucius P\iirchild. Wisconsin [died May 2t,, iXijh] . i88(; 
tJohn P. Rea, Minnes(Ha [died May 28, nyon] . . 1.SS7 

* William Warner, Kansas City, Missouri 18S8 

Rus.sell A. Alger. Detroit, Michigan i88<> 

t Dcceaftcd. 

14 Thirty-fourth National Encampment 

t Wheelock G. Veazey, Vermont [died March 22, 1898] 1890 

'^John Palmer, Albany, New York 1891 

*A. G. Weissert, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 1892 

*John G. B. Adams. Lynn, Mass 1893 

^Thomas G. Lawler, Rockford. Illinois 1894 

"'^Ivan N. Walker. Indianapolis, Indiana 1895 

*T. S. Clarkson, Omaha, Nebraska 1896 

*John P. S. Gobin, Lebanon, Penna 1897 

-fjames A. Sexton, Illinois [died Feb. 5, 1899] . . 1898 
*W. C. Johnson, Cincinnati, O. (elected Sept. 6, 1899) 1899 


tJoshuaT. Owen, Pennsylvania [died Nov. 7, 1887] 1868 
flyucius Fairchild, Wisconsin [died May 23. 1896] . 1868-70 

JLouis Wagner, Philadelphia, Pa 1871-2 

t Edward J ardine, New York 1874 

^''Joseph S. Reynolds, Chicago, Illinois 1875-6 

Elisha H. Rhodes, Providence, Rhode Island . . 1877 

J Paul Van Der Voort, Omaha, Nebraska 1878 

JJohn Palmer, Albany, New York 1879 

Edgar D. Swain, Chicago, Illinois 1S80 

Charles L. Young, Toledo, Ohio 1881 

W. E. W. Ross, Baltimore, Maryland 1882 

;j: William Warner, Kansas City, Missouri 1883 

tjohn P. Rea, Minnesota [died May 28. 1903] . . 1884 

Seldon Connor, Portland, Maine 1885 

S. W. Backus, San Francisco, Cal 18S6 

iXelson Cole, Missouri 1887 

Moses H. Neil, Columbus, Ohio 1S88 

;|:A. O. Weissert, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 1889 

tRichard F. Tobin, Mass. [died Nov. 22, 1890] . . 1890 
Geo. H. Innis.S. Boston, Mass. [elected Apr. 7,1891] 1891 

-i'Henry H. Duffield, Detroit, Michigan 1891 

R. H. Warfield, San Francisco, Cal 1892 

:[;Ivan N. Walker, Indianapolis, Indiana 1893 

*A. P. Burchfield, Pittsburg, Penna 1894 

*E. H. Hobson, Greensburg, Kentucky 1895 

t Deceast'd. X Present as Past Commaudcr-in-Chief. 

Grand Army of the Republic. 

*Jolin H. Mullen. Wabasha, Minnesota 1896 

♦Alfred Lyth, Buffalo, New York 1S97 

i\V. C. Johnson, Cincinnati, Ohio . 1898 

*Daniel Ross, Wilmington, Del. (elected Sept. 5,1899)1899 



Joseph R. Hawley, Hartford, Connecticut .... 

I Louis Wagner, Philadelphia, Pa 

*J. Warren Kiefer, Springfield, Ohio 

*P3d. Ferguson, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

*Guy T. Gould, Chicago, Illinois 

tC. J. Buck bee, Connecticut [died Nov. 5, 1S96] . 
t William Earnshaw, Ohio [died July 17, 1885] . . 
tH. E. Hill, Massachusetts [died April 8. 1892] . 

H. Dingman, Washington, D. C 

tG. Bowers. New Hampshire [died Feb. 14, iS8_|J . 
2C. V. R. Pond, Lansing, Michigan 

L S. Bangs, Waterville, Maine 

tW. H. Holmes, California [died March 2(^, 1SS9] . 
*Ira E. Hicks. New Britain, Connecticut 

• John R. Lewis, Georgia [died I^VI). S, 1900] . . . 
Edgar Allan, Richmond. X'irginia 

*John C. Linehan, Penacook, New Hampshire . . 

IJoseph Hadfield, New York, X. V 

John F. Lovett. Trenton, New Jersey 

fGeorge B. Creamer, Maryland [died vSej)!. 16, iSijO] 
iT. S. Clarkson, Omaha, Xei)raska 

* Peter B. Ayars, \\'ihninL;ton, Delaware 

J. C. Bigger, Dallas. Texas 

'•'Charles H. vShute, New ( )rleans, La 

S. G. Cosgrove, Pomeroy. Washinj^ton 

3Charles W. Buckley, Montgomery, Alabama . . . 

Francis B. Allen, Ilarllonl. Connecticut 

Daniel Ross, Wilmington, Delaware ' elected Senior- 
Vice Sept. C\ 1S99- ollice ofj. y. left vacant; . 

t I>cceased. \ DrMjipf-d fiorii the rolN. 
2 Present as Assi>itant A'ljut.tnt-<".cii«i;il. 

I I'restiit us Va*'i Coinnirttidf 
;, ricscnt as I' Iir])artiiicn 


87 1-2 






88 2 




in CliU-f. 

i6 Thirty-fourth National Encampment 


The figures within the ( ) show the number of each Department id 
order of permanent organization. 

ALABAMA. (42.) 

Organized March 12, 1889. Number of members Dec. 31, 1899, 192. 

♦Commander George B. Randolph, Anniston 

Senior Vice-Commander R. H. Allison, New Decatur 

♦Junior Vice-Commander H. J. Remington, Moulton 

♦Assistant Adjutant-General . . . W. H. Hunter, Binningham 


♦Geo. F. Jackson (at large) George Hoenig, Cullman 



♦Geo. H. Patrick, Washington, D.C., ♦J. Clyde Millar, Birmingham, 1895 

1876-80 ♦C. W. Buckley, Montgomery, 1894 
♦F. G. Sheppard. Birmingham, 1889 ManoaU Bostick, Birmingham, 1895 
W. H. Hunter, Birmingham, 1890 ♦Geo. F.Wollenhaupt, Cullman, 1S96 
fSeymour Bullock, 1891 

A. B. Hayes, 1891 *W. H. Black, Montgomery, 1897 

♦William Snyder, Birmingham, 1892 ♦A. G. Belhard, Decatur, 1898 

A. P. Stone, Birmingham, 1899 

ARIZONA. (40.) 

Organized Jan. 17, 18S8. Number of members Dec. 31, 1899, '^7- 

Commander R. H. G. Minly, Jerome 

Senior Vice-Commander P. P. Parker, Phccnix 

Junior Vice-Commander Philip Hoover, Prescott 

Assistant Adjutant-General . . W. F. R. Schindler, Phcenix 


♦Alexander Duff, (at large) Junction W. H. Ferguson, Prescott 


A. I,. Grow, Tombstone, 18S8 W. F. R. Schindler, Phcenix, 1895 

A. B. Sampson, Tucson, 1889 A. J. Sampson, U. S. Minister to 
Geo. F. Coats, Los Angeles, Cal., Ecuador, 1896 

1890 George Hox worth. Flagstaff, 1897 

Edward Schwartz, Phoenix, 1S91-2 fjames Finley, 1S98 

Douglas Snyder, Tucson, 1893 Geo. Brouglilon, Prescott, 1899 
♦Chas. D. Belden Bloomton, N. J., 

_ 1894 

t Deceased. 

Grand Army of the Republic. 17 

ARKANSAS. (31.) 

Organized July 11, 1883. Number of members Dec 31, 1899, 631. 

^Commander A. L. Thompson, Springdale 

Senior Vice-Commander W. G. Akers, Little Rock 

Junior Vice-Commander . . . . J. H. Denby, Crystal Springs 

♦Assistant Adjutant-General . . . W. G. Gray, Springdale 


Ed. T. Wolfe, (at large) Rogers John H. Aver>', Hot Springs 
A. A. Whissen, Little Rock Emanuel Aiken, Little Rock 


tStephen Wheeler, 1883-4 tLogan H. Roots, 1893 

C. C. Waters, Little Rock, 1886 tThomas H. Barnes, 1893-4 
♦Thomas Boles, Fort Smith, 1887 W. C. Roberts, Huntsville, 1895 
S. K. Robinson, Fort Smith, 1888 O. M. Spellman. Little Rock, 1896 
A. S. Fowler, Little Rock, 1889-90 A. H. S^ekland, Stuttgart, 1897 
W. H. H. Clayton, S. McAllister, *W. G. Gray, Springdale, 1898 

Indian Territory, 1891 *Geo. W. Clark, Little Rock, 1899 
Powell Clayton, Mexico City, 

Mexico, 1892 


Organized Feb. 21, 1868. Number of members Dec. 31, 1899, 5,093. 
^Commander George M. Mott, Sacramento, Cal. 

Senior Vice-Commander S. D. Ballou, San Luis Obispo, Cal. 

Junior Vice-Commander Horace Bell, Los Angeles, Cal. 

* Assistant Adjutant-General . . . T. C. Masteller, San Francisco, Cal. 


♦F. J. Cressey, (at large) E. W. Field, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Los Angeles, Cal. Frank Miller, Sacramento, Cal. 
♦F. L. Turpin, San Francisco, Cal. *II. J. Wallace, San Jose, Cal. 

C. A. Woodruff, Governor's A. Drahms, San Quentin, Cal. 

Island, X. V. H. Hotchkiss, Los Gatos, Cal. 

*Geo. H. Wallis, San Francisco, Cal. L. Siebe, Oakland, Cal. 

♦S. W. Wood, San Francisco, Cal. S. A. Wylis, San DieKO, Cal. 

*T. D. Barnstead, San Francisco, R P. Thomas, Berkeley, Cal. 

Chas. G. Kellogg, Los Angeles. Cal. 
E. L. Hawk, Newcastle, Cal. 


W. H. Aiken, Wrights.Cil., 1873-4 A. J. Buckles, Fairfield. Cal.. 
E. Carlson, Berkeley, Cal., 1875 1890 

t Deceased. 

i8 Tbirty-foiirth National Encampment 



S. W. Backus, San Francisco, Cal.* 77 W. H. L- Barnes, San Francisco, 

tS. P. Ford, 1878-9 Cal., 1891 

C. Mason Kinne, San Francisco, J. B. Fuller, San Francisco, Cal., 

Cal., 1880-1 1892 

\V. A. Robinson, San Francisco, E. C. Seymour, Patton, Cal., 1893 

Cal., 1882 J. M. Walling, Nevada City, 

tjames W. Staples, 1883 Cal., 1894 

tjanies M. Davis, 1884 *Charles E. Wilson, San Francis